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S. Thompson. Motif-index of folk-literature : a classification of narrative elements in folktales, ballads, myths, fables, medieval romances, exempla, fabliaux, jest-books, and local legends.

Revised and enlarged. edition. Bloomington : Indiana University Press, 1955-1958.

Grant support: INTAS project 05-1000008-7922, РФФИ #06-06-80-420a, РФФИ #07-06-00441-а




D10--D99. Transformation of man to different man

D10. Transformation to person of different sex

D20. Transformation to person of different social class

D30. Transformation to person of different race

D40. Transformation to likeness of another person

D50. Magic changes in man himself

D90. Transformation: man to different man--miscellaneous

D100--D199. Transformation: man to animal

D110--D149. Transformation: man to mammal

D110. Transformation: man to wild beast (mammal)

D130. Transformation: man to domestic beast (mammal)

D150. Transformation: man to bird

D170. Transformation: man to fish

D180. Transformation: man to insect

D190. Transformation: man to reptiles and miscellaneous animals

D200--D299. Transformation: man to object

D210. Transformation: man to vegetable form

D230. Transformation: man to mineral form

D250. Transformation: man to manufactured object

D270. Transformation: man to object--miscellaneous

D300--D399. Transformation: animal to person

D310--D349. Transformation: mammal to person

D310. Transformation: wild beast (mammal) to person

D330. Transformation: domestic beast (mammal) to person

D350. Transformation: bird to person

D370. Transformation: fish to man

D380. Transformation: insect to person

D390. Transformation: reptiles and miscellaneous animals to persons.

D400--D499. Other forms of transformation

D410. Transformation: one animal to another

D420. Transformation: animal to object

D430. Transformation: object to person

D440. Transformation: object to animal

D450--D499. Transformation: object to object

D450. Transformation: object to another object

D470. Transformation: material of object changed

D480. Size of object transformed

D500--D599. Means of transformation

D510. Transformation by breaking tabu

D520. Transformation through power of the word

D530. Transformation by putting on skin, clothing, etc.

D550. Transformation by eating or drinking

D560. Transformation by various means

D600--D699. Miscellaneous transformation incidents

D610. Repeated transformation

D620. Periodic transformation

D630. Transformation and disenchantment at will

D640. Reasons for voluntary transformation

D660. Motive for transformation of others

D670. Magic flight.

D680. Miscellaneous circumstances of transformation

D700--D799. Disenchantment

D710. Disenchantment by rough treatment

D720. Disenchantment by removing (destroying) covering of enchanted person

D730. Disenchantment by submission

D750. Disenchantment by faithfulness of others

D760. Disenchantment by miscellaneous means

D790. Attendant circumstances of disenchantment

Motif: Detailed Synopsis: Magic Objects


D800--D899. Ownership of magic objects

D800. Magic object

D810--D859. Acquisition of magic object

D810. Magic object a gift

D830. Magic object acquired by trickery

D840. Magic object found

D850. Magic object otherwise obtained

D860. Loss of magic object

D880. Recovery of magic object

D900--D1299. Kinds of magic objects

D900. Magic weather phenomena

D910. Magic body of water

D930. Magic land features

D940. Magic forests

D950. Magic tree

D960. Magic gardens and plants

D980. Magic fruits and vegetables

D990--D1029. Magic bodily members

D990. Magic bodily members--human

D1010. Magic bodily members--animal

D1030. Magic food

D1040. Magic drink

D1050. Magic clothes

D1070. Magic ornaments

D1080. Magic weapons

D1110. Magic conveyances

D1130. Magic buildings and parts

D1150. Magic furniture

D1170. Magic utensils and implements

D1210. Magic musical instruments

D1240. Magic waters and medicines

D1250. Miscellaneous magic objects

D1300--D1599. Function of magic objects

D1300--D1379. Magic objects effect changes in persons

D1300. Magic object gives supernatural wisdom

D1310. Magic object gives supernatural information

D1330. Magic objects works physical change

D1350. Magic object changes person’s disposition

D1360. Magic object effects temporary change in person

D1380. Magic object protects D1390. Magic object rescues person

D1400--D1439. Magic object gives power over other persons

D1400. Magic object overcomes person

D1410. Magic object renders person helpless

D1420. Magic object draws person (thing) to it

D1430. Magic object pursues or captures

D1440. Magic object gives power over animals

D1450. Magic object furnishes treasure

D1470. Magic object as provider

D1500. Magic object controls disease

D1520. Magic object affords miraculous transportation

D1540. Magic object controls the elements

D1550. Magic object miraculously opens and closes

D1560. Magic object performs other services for owner

D1600--D1699. Characteristics of magic objects

D1600--D1649. Automatic magic objects

D1600. Automatic object

D1610. Magic speaking objects

D1620. Magic automata

D1640. Other automatic objects

D1650. Other characteristics of magic objects

Motif: Detailed Synopsis: Magic Powers


D1710--D1799. Possession and means of employment of magic powers

D1710. Possession of magic powers

D1720. Acquisition of magic powers

D1740. Loss of magic powers

D1750. Other characteristics of magic power

D1760. Means of producing magic power

D1800--D2199. Manifestations of magic power

D1800--D1949. Lasting magic qualities

D1810. Magic knowledge

D1820. Magic sight and hearing

D1830. Magic strength

D1840. Magic invulnerability

D1850. Immortality

D1860. Magic beautification

D1870. Magic hideousness

D1880. Magic rejuvenation

D1890. Magic aging

D1900. Love induced by magic

D1910. Magic memory

D1920. Other permanent magic characteristics

D1950--D2049. Temporary magic characteristics

D1960. Magic sleep

D1980. Magic invisibility

D2000. Magic forgetfulness

D2020. Magic dumbness

D2030. Other temporary magic characteristics

D2050--D2099. Destructive magic powers

D2060. Death or bodily injury by magic

D2070. Bewitching

D2080. Magic used against property

D2090. Other destructive magic powers

D2100--D2149. Other manifestations of magic power

D2100. Magic wealth

D2120. Magic transportation

D2140. Magic control of the elements

D2150--D2199. Miscellaneous magical manifestations





D0. D0. Transformation (general). *MacCulloch Childhood 149ff.; *Wimberley 275ff.; Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “mйtamorphose”; Burton Arabian Nights VIII 270, S IV 329.--*Tibbals “Elements of Magic in the Romance of William of Palerne” MPh I (1903) 355ff.; *Easter: a Study of Magic Elements in the Romans d‘Aventure (Dissertation, Baltimore 1906); *Hegar Hessische Blдtter f. Vksk. XXVIII 110ff.--Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 251 n. 4 (Neleus); Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D5. D5. Enchanted person. See also the entire section on transformation. No real difference seems to exist between transformation and enchantment. A bewitched or enchanted person may, however, retain his original physical form, but may be affected mentally or morally.--*Type 400; Gr. Nos. 93, 163; BP II 335ff.--Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 105 n. 1 (Minos); India: Thompson-Balys; Missouri French: Carriиre.

D5.1. D5.1. Enchanted person cannot move. Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 294 No. 8.

D5.1.1. D5.1.1. Stepson cursed to stick in grave mound till pretty girl wants to substitute for him. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D5.2. D5.2. Enchanted person on bier. Italian: Basile Pentamerone, Introduction.

D6. D6. Enchanted castle (building). Irish myth: *Cross; Missouri French: Carriиre.

D7. D7. Enchanted valley. Irish myth: Cross.


D10--D99. Transformation: man to different man.

D10. D10. Transformation to person of different sex. *H. Gaidoz “Du changement de sexe dans les contes celtiques” Revue de l‘histoire des religions LVII 317ff.; *Chauvin VIII 43 No. 11; *Penzer VII 42ff., 223ff.; *Fb “menneske” II 577b, “kvinde” II 339b; *Brown JAOS XLVII 3; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 752; Irish myth: *Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D10.1. D10.1. Ogre has unique powers of exchange of sex with human being. India: Thompson-Balys.

D10.2. D10.2. Change of sex after crossing water. McKay Beal III 139.

D11. D11. Transformation woman to man. *Types 406, 514; BP II 79ff., 87, III 84; Gr. Nos 71, 134; *Loomis White Magic 80; Irish myth: *Cross; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 165, No. 108; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 248, (Cape York) Rasmussen III 152; (Koryak) Jochelson JE VI 195, 323; Africa (Dahomй): Einstein 28.

D11.1. D11.1. Transformation: ogress to man. India: Thompson-Balys.

D11.2. D11.2. Woman transforms herself into a bird and lends her female organ to a boy. He fails to return it and she becomes a man when she resumes human form. India: Thompson-Balys.

D12. D12. Transformation: man to woman. Irish myth: *Cross; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 364 n. 1 (Tiresias); French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule; Jewish: Neuman; Hindu: Keith 147, 151.--Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 249, (West Hudson Bay) Boas BAM XV 325; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 247, (Dahomй) Einstein 27.

D12.1. D12.1. Transformation: god to giantess. MacCulloch Eddic 131 (Loki to Thцkk).

D20. D20. Transformation to person of different social class. Irish myth: *Cross.

D22. D22. Transformation: common man to exalted personage.

D22.1. D22.1. Transformation: common man to grand officer. French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 17.

D22.2. D22.2. Transformation: man of low caste takes on prince‘s appearance, and transforms prince to take on his. India: Thompson-Balys.

D23. D23. Transformation to artisan.

D23.1. D23.1. Transformation into a boatman. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “batelier”.

D24. D24. Transformation to humble person.

D24.1. D24.1. Transformation: king to menial. Icelandic: Boberg.

D24.2. D24.2. Transformation: king and queen to peasant and wife. Icelandic: Boberg.

D24.3. D24.3. Transformation into a swineherd. Irish myth: Cross (D23).

D24.4. D24.4. Transformation: rich man to tramp. Smears hands and face. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D25. D25. Transformation layman to professional man.

D25.1. D25.1. Transformation to doctor. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D25.2. D25.2. Transformation into a cleric (monk). Irish myth: Cross.

D27. D27. Transformation into leper. Irish myth: Cross.

D28. D28. Transformation into giant. Irish myth: Cross (D29.1.)

D29. D29. Transformation to a person of different social class--miscellaneous. Irish myth: Cross.

D29.1. D29.1. Transformation into a churl (bachlach). Irish myth: *Cross.

D29.2. D29.2. Transformation into juggler. Irish myth: Cross (D26).

D30. D30. Transformation to person of different race.

D31. D31. Transformation: white person to negro. (Cf. D57)--Chauvin II 183 No. 23; *Fb “jomfru”, “hvid” I 700b, “sort” III 467b, “pige” II 816b.--Spanish Boggs FFC XC 57 No. 425; Jewish: *Neuman.

D40. D40. Transformation to likeness of another person. *Type 363; BP III 534 n. 1.--Wells 30 (Uther Pendragon); Icelandic: Boberg; Irish myth: *Cross; Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys; Jewish: Neuman; Greek: Grote I 80; Eskimo (Greenland) Rasmussen II 211, (Cape York) Rasmussen III 54; Africa (Fang): Tessman 141f.

D40.1. D40.1. Transformation to likeness of person whose shield one carries. (Cf. D1101.1). Norse: FSS 37, 38.

D40.2. D40.2. Transformation to likeness of another woman. India: Thompson-Balys.

D40.2.1. D40.2.1. Transformation to resemble man’s mistress so as to be able to kill him. India: Thompson-Balys.

D41. D41. Humble man in guise of exalted.

D41.1. D41.1. Transformation to likeness of ruler. Man so uses the last of three wishes granted to him. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D42. D42. God in guise of mortal. Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 56, *Cross; Greek: Iliad and Odyssey passim; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Marquesas: Handy 109.

D42.1. D42.1. God transformed to giant with three heads and six arms. Chinese: Werner 236.

D42.2. D42.2. Spirit takes shape of man. India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 167, 169.

D43. D43. Transformation: mortal to guise of deity. Greek myth: Grote I 117; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 166f; India: Thompson-Balys.

D43.1. D43.1. Animal transformed to a god.

D43.1.1. D43.1.1. Dog turned into a god. India: Thompson-Balys.

D44. D44. Mortal in guise of spirit. Africa (Upoto): Einstein 142, (Buin) Wheeler 51. See also D47.

D44.1. D44.1. Transformation: man to angel. Jewish: Neuman.

D45. D45. Persons exchange forms. Icelandic: Boberg.

D45.1. D45.1. Kings exchange forms and kingdoms for a year. Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 93; Irish myth: Cross.

D45.2. D45.2. Gods exchange forms. Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 56, Cross.

D45.3. D45.3. Two friends exchange forms. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D45.4. D45.4. Girl exchanges form with sorceress in order to visit her brother and get a son by him. Icelandic: Vцlsunga saga ch. 7.

D47. D47. Transformation to likeness of monster. Irish myth: Cross (D94, D95); Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D47.1. D47.1. Mortal temporarily takes shape of demon. India: Thompson-Balys.

D47.2. D47.2. Transformation: normal men to ogres. Become ravenous. India: Thompson-Balys.

D47.3. D47.3. Transformation: princess to ogress. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D49. D49. Transformation to likeness of another person--miscellaneous.

D49.1. D49.1. Dwarf assumes human form. German: Grimm No. 64.

D49.2. D49.2. Spirit takes any form. India: Thompson-Balys.

D49.3. D49.3. Fairy transforms herself into a monstrous being with head of an ape, thin legs, sharp claws, fish scales and bristles. India: Thompson-Balys.

D50. D50. Magic changes in man himself. Irish: Plummer clxxxiv (changes in form, complexion, height, and age).

D52. D52. Magic change to different appearance. Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D52.1. D52.1. Transformation: man becomes hideous. Africa (Upoto): Einstein 130.

D52.2. D52.2. Ugly man becomes handsome. Samoa: Beckwith Myth 473.

D53. D53. Transformation in health.

D53.1. D53.1. Transformation to sick man. Icelandic: Sturlaugs saga 642; Africa (Boloki): Weeks Congo 200ff.

D55. D55. Magic change of person‘s size. Irish myth: *Cross; Eskimo (West Hudson Bay): *Boas BAM XV 361 (No. 34); Africa (Togo): Einstein 8.

D55.1. D55.1. Person becomes magically larger. Tobler 90.--Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; Latin: Virgil Aeneid VI line 50; Africa (Fang) Trilles 184.

D55.1.1. D55.1.1. Man magically stretches self to overcome cliff. Hawaii: Dixon 91; Melanesia: ibid. 91 n. 104; Micronesia: ibid. 91 n. 105.

D55.1.1.1. D55.1.1.1. Man magically stretches self to overcome opponent in battle. Irish myth: *Cross.

D55.1.1.2. D55.1.1.2. Man magically stretches self to sink tent pole. Irish myth: Cross.

D55.1.2. D55.1.2. Transformation: person to giant. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 539; Eskimo: Boas BAM XV 314; Africa (Fang): Einstein 61.

D55.1.3. D55.1.3. Pygmy turns into a giant. Finnish: Kalevala rune 2.

D55.2. D55.2. Person becomes magically smaller. Irish myth: Cross; Japanese: Ikeda.

D55.2.1. D55.2.1. Dwarf contracts self to enter nostrils of cannibals. Africa (Zulu): Callaway 154.

D55.2.2. D55.2.2. Devil (troll) makes self small. *Fb “lille” II 428.

D55.2.3. D55.2.3. Giant changes to normal size. Micmac: Michelson JAFL XXXVIII 39.

D55.2.4. D55.2.4. Ten serving-women carried in bottle. They change size at will. Kцhler-Bolte II 471ff.

D55.2.5. D55.2.5. Transformation: adult to child. Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 103, (Mackenzie Area) Jenness 40; Africa (Togo): Einstein 8, (Boloki) Weeks Congo 200ff.

D55.2.6. D55.2.6. Hero reduces in size small enough to get into mango seed. India: Thompson-Balys.

D56. D56. Magic change in person‘s age. India: Thompson-Balys.

D56.1. D56.1. Transformation to older person. Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D57. D57. Change in person’s color. (Cf. D31.)--Jewish: Neuman.

D57.1. D57.1. Man transformed to green knight. *Kittredge Gawain.

D57.2. D57.2. Black man‘s color altered to white. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D57.3. D57.3. Hair and skin turn to color of gold. India: Thompson-Balys.

D57.4. D57.4. Transformation to black man. German: Grimm No. 121, 137; Jewish: Neuman.

D57.5. D57.5. Transformation to person of rusty color. German: Grimm No. 136.

D61. D61. Magic appearance of human limbs. A boy has no hands and legs; his abandoned sister successfully commands them to appear or disappear. Kaffir: Theal 74.

D90. D90. Transformation: man to different man--miscellaneous.

D91. D91. Transformation: normal man to cannibal. Fb “blod” IV 48a.

D92. D92. Transformation: wild man to normal. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D93. D93. Transformation: prince to old man. Type 431.

D94. D94. Transformation: man to ogre. Irish myth: Cross. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D96. D96. Transformation: normal man to ascetic. India: Thompson-Balys.

D97. D97. Transformation: man to witch. (Cf. G200) India: Thompson-Balys.

D98. D98. Transformation: children into horsemen. India: Thompson-Balys.


D100--D199. Transformation: man to animal.

D100. D100. Transformation: man to animal. *BP II 60, III 8f.; *Dh III 284ff., 429ff., 446ff., 464ff.; Cosquin Contes indiens 58ff.; *Goerke Ueber Tierverwandlungen in franzцsischer Dichtung und Sage (Dissertation, Kцnigsberg 1904); Type 325; *Chauvin VI 199 No. 371.--Irish myth: *Cross; MacCulloch Celtic 168; Slavic (general): Mбchal 229; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 13, 17; Missouri French: Carriиre; Hindu: Penzer VI 5 n. 1, 40 n. 1, 56 n. 1, 2, VII 42 n. 1, 44 n. 1, IX 45; India: Thompson-Balys; Arabian: Burton Nights I 28, 35, 97, 126, 173, VII 83, 290, 296, 301, IX 310, S IV 329, 336.--Chinese: Frйmine La Tradition Sept.-Oct. 1890; Indonesian: DeVries’ list Nos. 152, 153; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 141; American Indian (Passamaquoddy): Prince PAES X 43 No. 9; (Amazon) Alexander Lat. Am. 301; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 271 No. 84.

D101. D101. Transformation: god to animal. *Krappe Йtudes 53ff.--Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 49 n. 2; Fox 178 (Apollo); Irish myth: *Cross, MacCulloch Celtic 56; Persian: Carnoy 269; Norse: De la Saussaye 261; India: *Thompson-Balys; Penzer VII 175 n. 1.

D102. D102. Transformation: devil to animal. *Kittredge Witchcraft 175 nn. 12--21, 29, 30; Missouri French: Carriиre.

D102.1. D102.1. Transformation: demon to animal. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D103. D103. Assembly or group transformed to animals. N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 98.



D110. D110. Transformation: man to wild beast (mammal). *Dh III 446ff., Greek: Fox 16, Frazer Apollodorus II 67 n. 6; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bкte”; Jewish: Neuman; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 85.

D112. D112. Transformation: man to feline animal (wild).

D112.1. D112.1. Transformation: man to lion. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Bуsa saga 91; Spanish: *Boggs FFC XC 62 No. 451; Missouri French: Carriиre; Jewish: Neuman.--Africa (Hottentot): Bleek 57 No. 25, (Angola): Chatelain 245 No. 47.

D112.1.1. D112.1.1. Village of lion-men. India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 67f.

D112.2. D112.2. Transformation: man to tiger. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 67 n. 6; Chinese: Werner 266, 270; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D112.2.1. D112.2.1. Wer-tiger. Like werwolf. (Cf. D113.1.)--India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Korea: Zong in-Sob 58, 71, 74, 79, 85, 89, 91.

D112.2.1.1. D112.2.1.1. When a wer-tiger is injured, similar marks appear on the human body of man who has possessed it. India: Thompson-Balys.

D112.2.1.2. D112.2.1.2. Village of tiger-men. (Cf. B221.6.1.)--India: Thompson-Balys.

D112.3. D112.3. Transformation: man to lynx. Africa (Bushman): Bleek and Lloyd 97.

D112.4. D112.4. Transformation: man to leopard. India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Mpongwe): Nassau 71 No. 15, (Angola): Chatelain 167 No. 15, (Wakweli): Bender 52.

D112.5. D112.5. Transformation: man to buffalo. Africa (Weute): Sieber 220ff.

D112.6. D112.6. Transformation: man to jaguar. S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 61, (Eastern Brazil): Lowie I 397.

D113. D113. Transformation: man to canine animal (wild).

D113.1. D113.1. Transformation: man to wolf. *Type 428; Dh III, Fb “blod” IV 48; Child V 497 s.v. “stepmother”.--Irish myth: *Cross; Eng., U.S.: *Baughman; Icelandic: Corpus poeticum Boreale I 136, 140, *Boberg; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Greek myth: Grote I 160; Finnish: Aarne FFC VIII 14 No. 75, XXXIII 53 No. 75; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 130 No. 73, 145 No. 38; Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 48 No. 75; India: Thompson-Balys.

D113.1.1. D113.1.1. Werwolf. A man changes periodically into the form of a wolf. He is usually malevolent when in wolf form. **R. Andree Globus XXVII (1875); *C. T. Stewart Zs. f. Vksk. XIX 30ff.; Kristensen Danske Sagn II (1893) 227ff.; (1928) 148ff.; Lid Saga och Sed 1937, 3ff.; Odstedt Varulven i svensk folktradition (Uppsala 1944); **K. E. Smith An Historical Study of the Werwolf in Literature (PMLA IX, 1894); **E. O‘Donnell Werewolves (Boston 1914); Summers The Werwolf (London, 1933); *O. Clemen Zs. f. Vksk. XXX--XXXII 141; *Kittredge Witchcraft 175 nn. 5--7; ibid. Arthur 169 n. 1; **Baring-Gould The Book of Werewolves (London, 1865); *v. Sydow Feilberg Festskrift 594ff.; **Jijena Sanchez; *Lйvy-Bruhl La mentalitй primitive 279ff.; *Frazer Ovid II 318ff.; *Fb “varulv”.--Irish myth: *Cross; Norse: MacCulloch Eddic 291; Icelandic: *Boberg, Hrolfs saga Kraka 50, Volsungasaga 15, Sveinnson FFC LXXXIII p. liv; Norwegian: Solheпm Register 16; Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 46; German: Wuttke Volksaberglaube 277; Dutch: Schrijnen Volkskunde I 97; English: Philippson Germanisches Heidentum bei den Angelsachsen 53, Child III 498a s.v. “werewolves”, Wells 19 (William of Palerne); Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 323 No. 109, 325, No. 9; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “loupgarou”; Gascon: Bladй Contes pop. de Gascogne II 360 No. 4; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 131f. Nos. 74--77, Eisen Esthnische Mythologie 31ff, Loorits Grundzьge I 311--320; Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 63 Nos. 160--178; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3671; Slavic: Mбchal 228f.; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian (Okanagon): Gould MAFLS XI 98 No. 2; S. A. Indian (Amazon): Alexander Lat. Am. 301.--Africa: Frobenius Atlantis V 153, 165, VII 31ff, 56, XI 263, *Werner African 344; (Basuto) Jacottet 238 No. 35.

D113.1.2. D113.1.2. God (goddess) assumes form of a wolf. Irish myth: Cross; Greek myth: *Grote I 43.

D113.2. D113.2. Transformation: man to bear. *Dh II 99; Hdwb. d. Abergl. I 886 s.v. “Bдr”; *Fb “bjшrn” IV 43a, “hvidbjшrn” I 701a; Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 48 No. 75a; Icelandic: *Boberg; Greek myth: Grote I 162; Hindu: Penzer VII 42 n. 1; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 217 No. 167; N. A. Indian (Joshua): Farrand-Frachtenberg JAFL XXVIII 241 No. 20; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 251f., (West Hudson Bay) Boas BAM XV 326, (Kodiak) Golder JAFL XX 297, XXII 10, (Cape York) Rasmussen III 124, 297, 211, (Greenland) Rink 193, (Bering Strait) Nelson RBAE XVIII 493, (West Greenland) Rasmussen II 96, 184, (East Greenland) Rasmussen I 184; Africa (Ba Ronga): Einstein 249.

D113.2.1. D113.2.1. Wer-bear. A bear-man like the werwolf. *Fb “bjшrn” IV 43a; Fox: Jones PAES I 157.

D113.3. D113.3. Transformation man to fox. *Fb “rжv” III 113a; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 179.--Irish myth: Cross; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 337 s.v. “Hexe”, *302 No. 15, 307 No. 27, 32; Icelandic: Юorsteins saga Vik. 417; Missouri French: Carriиre; Chinese: Krappe CFQ III (1944) 137; Korean: Zong in-Sob 19, 56; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 342 n. 233 (cf. B651.1); Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 52, 56.

D113.4. D113.4. Transformation: man to jackal. India: Thompson-Balys.

D113.4.1. D113.4.1. Transformation: deity to jackal. India: Thompson-Balys.

D113.5. D113.5. Transformation: man to hyena. Africa (Ba Ronga): Einstein 266.

D114. D114. Transformation: man to ungulate (wild).

D114.1. D114.1. Transformation: man to bovine animal (wild).

D114.1.1. D114.1.1. Transformation: man to deer. (Cf. B641.2.)--*Type 450; *Fb “hjort” I 625, “hind” I 612, “blod” IV 48a; Irish myth: Cross; *Loomis White Magic 80; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese and Persian: Coyajee JPASB XXIV 182ff., Eskimo (Cape York): Rasmussen III 191; N. A. Indian (White Mountain Apache): Goddard PaAM XXIV 128; S. A. Indian (Tembe): Mйtraux RMLP XXXIII 140.

D114.1.1.1. D114.1.1.1. Transformation: girl to deer (fawn) (by druid). Irish myth: *Cross.

D114.1.1.2. D114.1.1.2. Transformation: woman to doe. India: Thompson-Balys.

D114.1.2. D114.1.2. Transformation: man to eland. Africa (Kaffir): Theal 87.

D114.1.3. D114.1.3. Transformation: man to hartebeest. Africa (Bushman): Bleek and Lloyd 3.

D114.1.4. D114.1.4. Transformation: man to buffalo. India: Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian (Cheyenne): Campbell JAFL XXIX 407 No. 1; Africa (Weute): Sieber 229.

D114.1.5. D114.1.5. Transformation: man to musk ox. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 82.

D114.1.6. D114.1.6. Transformation: man to caribou. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 56.

D114.1.7. D114.1.7. Transformation: man to moose. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 40.

D114.2. D114.2. Transformation: man to elephant. Hindu: Penzer VI 162; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 40; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 247, (Benga) Nassau 184 No. 24, (Basuto) Jacottet 90 No. 14, (Fang) Tessman 118.

D114.3. D114.3. Transformation: man to swine (wild).

D114.3.1. D114.3.1. Transformation: man to peccary. S. A. Indian (Cariri): Lowie BBAE CXLIII (1) 559.

D114.3.2. D114.3.2. Transformation: man to boar. Loomis White Magic 80; Irish myth: Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 187; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D114.3.2.1. D114.3.2.1. Transformation: god to boar. (Cf. D101.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D114.4. D114.4. Transformation: man to wild goat. Africa: Milligan 141.

D115. D115. Transformation: man to equine animal (wild).

D115.1. D115.1. Transformation: man to zebra. Africa (Ba Ronga): Einstein 262.

D117. D117. Transformation: man to rodent. S. Am. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 120.

D117.1. D117.1. Transformation: man to mouse. *Fb “mus” II 631b; Dh I 258ff. (cf. C12.5.1); Type 545 A, B (BP I 325, III 487).--Irish myth: Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 102; Spanish Exempla: Keller; India: *Thompson-Balys, Panchatantra III 13 (tr. Ryder) 353; Africa (Ba Ronga): Einstein 249.

D117.2. D117.2. Transformation: man to hare (rabbit). *Fb “hare” I 556, “blod” IV 48a; Irish myth: *Cross (D123).

D117.3. D117.3. Transformation: man to rat. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 17, 425f.

D117.3.1. D117.3.1. Transformation: man to bandicoot. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D117.4. D117.4. Transformation: man to marmot. India: Thompson-Balys.

D118. D118. Transformation: man to simian.

D118.1. D118.1. Transformation: man to ape. *Dh II 100.--Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 241 n. 3; Jewish: Neuman; Hindu: Penzer I 28, III 191, VI 59, VII 44 n. 1; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 177 No. 119; S. A. Indian (Quichй): Alexander Lat. Am. 172, Chile: Pino Saavedra 402ff.

D118.2. D118.2. Transformation: man (woman) to monkey. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.

D124. D124. Transformation: man to wild animal--mustelidae.

D124.1. D124.1. Transformation: man to weasel. Fb “lжkat” II 495a.

D124.2. D124.2. Transformation: man to ermine. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 36a.

D124.3. D124.3. Transformation: man to marten. Tobler 51.

D124.4. D124.4. Transformation: man to badger. Irish myth: *Cross (D117.2).

D127. D127. Transformation: man to sea mammal.

D127.1. D127.1. Transformation: man to seal. *Fb “sжlhund”; Icelandic: *Boberg; Irish myth: *Cross; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 222, 224, 450, 469, Boas RBAE V 621, (Mackenzie Area) Jenness 84, (Cape York) Rasmussen III 100.

D127.2. D127.2. Transformation: man to otter. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Vцlsunga Saga ch. 14; Eskimo (Aleut): Golder JAFL XVIII 221, (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XX 139.

D127.3. D127.3. Transformation: man to whale. (See references at D178.) Icelandic: *Boberg; German: Grimm No. 197.--Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 31, (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 170, (Labrador): Hawks GSCan XIV 157, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 625; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (P--G 13/10).

D127.4. D127.4. Transformation: man to walrus. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 184, II 96.

D127.5. D127.5. Transformation: man to dolphin. Icelandic: Boberg; Greek: Grote I 32, 45, 70x, 178 (Apollo), Frazer Apollodorus I 333 n. 1.

D127.6. D127.6. Transformation: man to porpoise. Marquesas: Handy 92; Tonga: Gifford 77.

D130. D130. Transformation: man to domestic beast (mammal).

D131. D131. Transformation: man to horse. *Types 314, 502, 531, 726*; BP III 18ff, 94ff.; *Fb “hest” I 598; “жble” III 1136a, “blod” IV 48a; Tobler 44, 50, 80; *Malone PMLA XLIII 441 n. 25; Kittredge Arthur 170 n. 3; Cosquin Йtudes 512ff.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 329 No. 52; Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 40 No. 33, 45 No. 71; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 118, 120, 130 Nos. 25, 33, 72; Persian: Carnoy 269; Hindu: Penzer VI 5, 8; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1205; Japanese: Ikeda.--Africa (Mpongwe): Nassau 68 No. 15.

D131.1. D131.1. Transformation: merman to horse. (Cf. B82.) Fb “hest” I 599a.

D132. D132. Transformation: man to ass (mule, jennet, etc.).

D132.1. D132.1. Transformation: man to ass. (Cf. B641.4.)--*Types 430, 567; *Chauvin II 183 No. 23; *K. Weinhold Ьber das Mдrchen vom Eselmenschen (Sitzungsb. d. K. Pr. Akad. Berlin [1893] 475--488); Cosquin Йtudes 512ff.; Wesselski Theorie 22.--Breton: *Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “вne”; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda.

D132.2. D132.2. Transformation: man to mule. Spanish: *Boggs FFC XC 86 No. 754 C*.

D133. D133. Transformation to cow (bull, calf, etc.). India: Thompson-Balys.

D133.1. D133.1. Transformation to cow. *Type 473; *Fb “ko” II 240b.--Icelandic: Boberg; Greek: Grote I 80; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 43, 52.

D133.1.1. D133.1.1. Nisser in form of cows. Fb “ko” II 240b; Kristensen Danske Sagn II (1893) 83ff., (1928) 63ff.

D133.2. D133.2. Transformation: man to bull. (Cf. B641.3.)--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 299 n. 2 (Europa), I 256 n. 3 (Achelous); Persian: Carnoy 269; Hindu: *Penzer VI 5 n. 1; Chinese: Werner 359.

D133.3. D133.3. Transformation: man to ox. Cosquin Йtudes 512ff.; Norse: FSS 118f, MacCulloch Eddic 181; Spanish: *Boggs FFC XC 48, 63 Nos. 327D*, 453.

D133.4. D133.4. Transformation: man to calf. Fb “kalv” II 79; Irish myth: Cross.

D133.4.1. D133.4.1. God assumes form of calf. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 136.

D133.5. D133.5. Transformation: man to steer (bullock). German: Grimm No. 82a, 163.

D134. D134. Transformation: man to goat (he-goat, she-goat, kid etc.). Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Greek: Grote I 238; Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 48 No. 75C; German: Grimm No. 163; Hindu: Penzer VI 56 nn. 1, 2; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D134.1. D134.1. Transformation: man to he-goat.

D134.2. D134.2. Transformation: man to she-goat. Hartland Science 247; Loomis White Magic 80.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “chиvre”; India: Thompson-Balys.

D134.3. D134.3. Transformation: man to kid. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 320 n. 4 (Dionysus); India: Thompson-Balys.

D134.4. D134.4. Transformations supernatural being into a goat. Irish myth: Cross.

D135. D135. Transformation: man to sheep. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “mouton”; India: Thompson-Balys.

D135.1. D135.1. Transformation: man to lamb. German: Grimm No. 141; India: Thompson-Balys.

D136. D136. Transformation: man to swine. Fb “svin” III 676a; *Dh II 102.--Icelandic: *Boberg; Irish: *Hartland Science 198, *Cross; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Missouri French: Carriиre; Greek: Fox 137, Frazer Apollodorus II 287 n. 2 (Odysseus and Circe); Hindu: Keith 218; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 217 No. 167; Tahiti: Beckwith Myth 37.

D141. D141. Transformation: man to dog. (Cf. B641.1.)--*Type 652; BP II 121 (Grimm Nos. 76, 30a); Types 449*, 726*; *Fb “hund” I 676b, “blod” IV 48a, “lys” II 483b; *Dh II 101; **Jijena Sanchez; *Kittredge Arthur 170 n. 3; Chauvin V 3 No. 2, *5 No. 443--Icelandic: *Boberg; Irish: *Cross; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3655; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer VIII 141; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1205; Korea: Zong in-Sob 64 No. 35; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 349; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/52); Maori: Clark 50; Surinam: Alexander Lat. Am 274; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 347 n. 247, 248, (Canadian Dakota): Wallis JAFL XXXVI 90 No. 22; Eskimo (Labrador): Hawkes GSCan XIV 152, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 156.

D141.0.1. D141.0.1. Kynanthropy. Irish myth: Cross.

D141.0.2. D141.0.2. Men and women transformed to dogs by druidic spell. Irish myth: *Cross.

D141.1. D141.1. Transformation: woman to bitch. Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 241 n. 4 (Hecuba).

D141.1.1. D141.1.1. Transformation: girl to puppy. India: Thompson-Balys.

D142. D142. Transformation: man to cat. Types 402, 566; Fb “blod” IV 48a, “kat” II 108a; Taylor MPh XVII (1919) 59 n. 8.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “chat”; French: Cosquin No. 11; German: Grimm No. 130a; India: Thompson-Balys; Tonga: Gifford 20; N. A. Indian: Thompson CColl II 400 ff.

D142.0.1. D142.0.1. Transformation: woman to cat. Irish myth: *Cross.

D142.1. D142.1. Devil as cat. *Kittredge Witchcraft 178 nn. 37--44 passim.

D142.2. D142.2. God assumes form of a cat. Hindu: Penzer II 46, 197 n. 2; Tonga: Gifford 20.

D150. D150. Transformation: man to bird. (Cf. B644.)--*Types 405, 432, 665; BP II 26ff., 69; Dh II 250 ff., III 406, 429ff.; Hartland Science 247; Chauvin V 87 No. 27; Cosquin Йtudes 516ff., 526ff.; Irish: *Cross, MacCulloch Celtic 75, 79; Icelandic: De la Saussaye 261; Greek: Fox 15, 16 (Ceyx and Alcyone), 70 (Procne and Philomela), Frazer Apollodorus I 70 n. 1, II 67 n. 6 (Thetis); Jewish: Neuman; Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 46 No. 77**; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham, Eberhard FFC CXX 48, 123ff., 125; Japanese: Ikeda; Korean: Zong in-Sob 64 No. 35; Maori: Dixon 79; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 139, 151; Marquesas: Handy 55, 108; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 115; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G 3/619); Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 148, 287, 327, Rasmussen II 14; N. A. Indian (Thompson River): Alexander N. Am. 137; S. A. Indian (Kiangon): Mйtraux BBAE CXLIII (1) 47, (Toba): Mйtraux: MAFLS XL 24, 26; Africa (Fang): Trilles Proverbes 202, Einstein 52, 55f.

D151. D151. Transformation: man to bird--passeriform.

D151.1. D151.1. Transformation: man to swallow. *Dh III 414ff.; Icelandic: Boberg; Korean: Zong in-Sob 65 No. 35.

D151.2. D151.2. Transformation: man to finch. Africa (Zulu): Callaway 119.

D151.2.1. D151.2.1. Transformation into snowbunting. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 220.

D151.3. D151.3. Transformation: man to nightingale. *Fb “blod” IV 48a.--Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 98 n. 2, Pausanias V 226.

D151.4. D151.4. Transformation: man to crow. Fb “krage” II 285b.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 63 No. 453; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D151.5. D151.5. Transformation: man to raven. *Type 451; Fb “ravn” III 22b, 23a; Krappe Speculum XX (1945) 405--414; German: Grimm No. 93; Irish myth: *Cross; Koryak: Jochelson JE VI 14; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 177, 227, 229, 303.

D151.6. D151.6. Transformation: man to titmouse. Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 90 No. 80.

D151.7. D151.7. Transformation: man to blackbird. Irish myth: Cross.

D151.8. D151.8. Transformation: man to sparrow. German: Grimm No. 68.

D151.9. D151.9. Transformation: man to magpie. Icelandic: Boberg.

D152. D152. Transformation: man to bird--falconiform.

D152.1. D152.1. Transformation: man to hawk. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 84.--Eskimo (Ungava): Turner RBAE XI 263; S. A. Indian (Yuracare): Mйtraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 504, (Mundurucъ): Horton ibid. 294; Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 128 No. 22.

D152.1.1. D152.1.1. Transformation: god to hawk. India: Thompson-Balys.

D152.2. D152.2. Transformation: man to eagle. Irish myth: *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 97; Icelandic: Boberg; Finnish: Kalevala rune 43; Italian novella: Rotunda; Missouri French: Carriиre; India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 94 No. 8.

D152.3. D152.3. Transformation: man to vulture. Icelandic: Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer VIII 142; Africa (Fang): Trilles 167.

D152.4. D152.4. Transformation: girl to falcon. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D152.4.1. D152.4.1. Odin as falcon. Icelandic: Hervarar saga 82, 140, *Boberg.

D152.5. D152.5. Transformation: man to osprey. Irish myth: Cross.

D152.6. D152.6. Transformation: man to kite. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D153. D153. Transformation: man to bird--coraciiform.

D153.1. D153.1. Transformation: man to woodpecker. *Type 751A; Dh II 125.--Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 38 No. 50; Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 90 No. 80.

D153.2. D153.2. Transformation: man to owl. (Cf. A1710, A1958).--Dh II 123; *Fb “ugle” III 964b.--Irish myth: *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 97; India: Thompson-Balys; S. A. Indian (Chibcha): Kroeber BBAE CXLIII (2) 908.

D153.3. D153.3. Transformation: man to hornbill. India: Thompson-Balys.

D154. D154. Transformation: man to bird--charadriiform.

D154.1. D154.1. Transformation: man to dove. German: Grimm No. 130A; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 56 No. 408A*; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 180 n. 1; India: *Thompson-Balys; S. A. Indian (Chiriguano): Mйtraux RMLP XXXIII 178.

D154.1.0.1. D154.1.0.1. Transformation: god to dove. India: Thompson-Balys.

D154.2. D154.2. Transformation: man to pigeon. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule; India: *Thompson-Balys; Maori: Clark 36; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G 13/52).

D154.3. D154.3. Transformation: man to snipe. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (P-G 13/10).

D154.4. D154.4. Transformation: man to gull. Eskimo (Ungava): Turner RBAE XI 262, (West Hudson Bay): Boas BAM XV 327.

D155. D155. Transformation: man to bird--ciconiiform.

D155.1. D155.1. Transformation: man to stork. *Dh II 102; Wesselski Bebel II 49 No. 117.--Lithuanian: Balys Index Nos. 3131f., Legends Nos. 232, 234, 237, 239--242, 246f.

D156. D156. Transformation: man to cuckoo. *Dh II 99, 101, 127, III 426ff.; Japanese: Ikeda.

D157. D157. Transformation: man to parrot. *Bolte Reise der Sцhne Giaffers 209; *Penzer V 27ff., VI 60; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D161. D161. Transformation: man to bird of anatidae group (duck).

D161.1. D161.1. Transformation: man to swan. *Type 451; **O. Rank Die Lohengrinsage (1911) 65f.; *Wehrhan Die Sage 50; *Wesselski Mдrchen 255 No. 64; *Chauvin VIII 206 No. 248; *G. Huet Romania XXXIV (1905) 206ff.; *Fb “svane” III 664ab; H. A. Todd A propos of La Naissance du chevalier au cygne (MLN VI 2); Krappe Apollon Kyknos (Classical Philology XXXVII 353--370); *BP I 427ff.; Hibbard 248, *251.--English Romance: Wells 97 (Chevalere Assigne); Irish: *Cross; Icelandic: Hrуmundar saga Gr. 373--75 (Kбra), Boberg; Greek: *Frazer Pausanias II 395.

D161.2. D161.2. Transformation: man to goose. *Types 403, 450; *Fb “gеs”; Hdwb. d. Abergl. VII 1279f.

D161.2.1. D161.2.1. Transformation: man to gander. India: Thompson-Balys.

D161.3. D161.3. Transformation: man to duck. Types 403, 434*; Fb “and” IV 12b, “fjer” I 301, “blod” IV 48a; Missouri French: Carriиre; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 32a.

D162. D162. Transformation: man to crane. Fb “trane”; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys; Maori: Dixon 79.

D166. D166. Transformation: man to gallinaceous bird.

D166.1. D166.1. Transformation: man to chicken (cock, hen).

D166.1.1. D166.1.1. Transformation: man to cock. Fb “kok” II 248b.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “coq”, Missouri French: Carriиre; India: Thompson-Balys.

D166.2. D166.2. Transformation: man to peacock. Hindu: Penzer VIII 142; India: Thompson-Balys.

D166.3. D166.3. Transformation: man to turkey. Papua: Ker 107.

D166.4. D166.4. Transformation: person to ptarmigan. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 220, 302.

D169. D169. Transformation: man to bird--miscellaneous.

D169.1. D169.1. Transformation: woman to waterfowl. India: Thompson-Balys.

D169.2. D169.2. Transformation: magician to paddy-bird. India: Thompson-Balys.

D169.3. D169.3. Transformation: man to toucan. S. A. Indian (Chiriguano): Mйtraux RMLP XXXIII 178.

D169.4. D169.4. Transformation: man to cassowary. Papua: Ker 90.

D170. D170. Transformation: man to fish. *Types 555, 665; BP I 139; *Fb “fisk”; Chauvin 57 No. 222 n. 3; *Loorits Pharaos Heer in der Volksьberlieferung (Tartu, 1935); Cosquin Йtudes 516ff.--English: Child V 497 s.v. “stepmother”; Irish myth: Cross; Norse: De la Saussaye 261; Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 48 No. 75 D; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 122, Graham; India: *Thompson-Balys; Tahitian: Dixon 65; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth XXIII 204, 525; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G 3/1100); Marquesas: Handy 135; Easter Island: Mйtraux Ethnology 372; Tonga: Gifford 84; Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XX 139; N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 170 No. 32; S. A. Indian (Cashinawa): Mйtraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 684, (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 52, 150; Africa (Madagascar): Renel I 94ff.

D171. D171. Transformation: man to carp. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 339.

D173. D173. Transformation: man to eel. Irish myth: Cross; Polynesian, Melanesian, Indonesian: Dixon 55, 56 nn. 75, 76; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 21; Samoa: Clark 70.

D173.1. D173.1. God assumes form of an eel. Irish myth: Cross.

D174. D174. Transformation: man to cuttlefish. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 67 n. 6 (Thetis).

D175. D175. Transformation: man to crab. New Guinea: Dixon 138 (woman); Papua: Ker 21, 86.

D175.1. D175.1. Transformation: god to crab. India: Thompson-Balys.

D176. D176. Transformation: man to salmon. Irish myth: *Cross; Norse: MacCulloch Eddic 146.

D177. D177. Transformation: man (woman) to catfish. India: Thompson-Balys.

D178. D178. Transformation: man to shark. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 140; Fiji: ibid. 131; Tonga: ibid. 130, Gifford 76, 184; Solomon Islands: Beckwith Myth 131.

D179. D179. Transformation: man to fish--miscellaneous.

D179.1. D179.1. Transformation: man to trout. Irish myth: Cross.

D179.2. D179.2. Transformation: man to pike. Icelandic: Vцlsunga saga ch. 14.

D179.3. D179.3. Transformation: man to sardine. India: Thompson-Balys.

D179.4. D179.4. Transformation: man to shrimp. India: Thompson-Balys.

D179.5. D179.5. Transformation: man to sword-fish. Mangaia (Cook Island): Clark 140.

D180. D180. Transformation: man to insect. Cosquin Йtudes 527ff.; Irish: *MacCulloch Celtic 79ff.; Chinese: Werner 363, Eberhard FFC CXX 127; Eskimo (Aleut): Golder JAFL XVIII 220; Africa (Wachaga): Gutman 34.

D181. D181. Transformation: man to spider. Tobler 80; Chinese: Werner 364; Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 72 No. 10.

D182. D182. Transformation: man to hymoptera.

D182.1. D182.1. Transformation: man to bee. Chinese: Werner 363; Indonesian: Dixon 219f.; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 220 No. 32.

D182.1.1. D182.1.1. Transformation: man to bumblebee. India: Thompson-Balys.

D182.2. D182.2. Transformation: man to ant. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule; Italian Novella: Rotunda; German: Grimm No. 29; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 104.

D183. D183. Transformation: man to orthoptera.

D183.1. D183.1. Transformation: man to cicada. Greek: Fox 246 (Tithonus).

D183.2. D183.2. Transformation: man to cricket. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 127; Africa (Fjort): Dennett 52 No. 8 (girl).

D184. D184. Transformation: man to coleoptera.

D184.1. D184.1. Transformation: man to beetle.

D184.2. D184.2. Transformation: man to firefly. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 57, 85, 92.

D185. D185. Transformation: man to diptera.

D185.1. D185.1. Transformation: man to fly. *Fb “flue” I 315.--Icelandic: De la Saussaye 261f., *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 363; Gold Coast: Barker and Sinclair 42 No. 4.

D185.1.1. D185.1.1. Transformation: woman (fairy) to fly. Irish myth: *Cross.

D185.2. D185.2. Transformation: man to flea. Norse: Flateyjarbуk I 276; India: Thompson-Balys.

D185.3. D185.3. Transformation: man to gnat. Irish myth: Cross (D187).

D186. D186. Transformation: man to lepidoptera.

D186.1. D186.1. Transformation: man to butterfly. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 172, No. 113.

D190. D190. Transformation: man to reptiles and miscellaneous animals.

D191. D191. Transformation: man to serpent (snake). (Cf. B642.1.)--*Type 433; *BP III 89 n. 2; *E Hoffmann-Krayer Zs. f. Vksk. XXV 120 n. 1; R. M. Meyer Zs. f. Vksk. XXI 4; Kцhler-Bolte II 435ff.; *Krappe Йtudes 53ff.; Hartland Science 244--7; *Fb “orm” II 759b.--Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 54 (Bolverk), Boberg; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 67 n. 6; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys, Penzer IX 45.--English: *Child V 497 s.v. “stepmother”; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “serpent”; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 296 No. 21; New Britain: Dixon 117; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 135; Eskimo (Greenland): Thalbitzer Phonetic Study of Eskimo Language (Kшbenhavn, 1904) 5; American Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 112 No. 14; (Plains Ojibwa): Skinner JAFL XXXII 303 No. 7, (Ladino): Conzemius BBAE CVI 130f.

D191.1. D191.1. Lucifer as serpent. Irish myth: *Cross.

D192. D192. Transformation: man to worm (often==snake). Irish myth: *Cross; English: Child I 315f.; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D192.0.1. D192.0.1. Transformation: demon (in human form) to worm. Irish myth: Cross.

D192.1. D192.1. Transformation: man to caterpillar. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D192.2. D192.2. Transformation: man to centipede. Korean: Zong in-Sob 99 No. 54; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 99.

D193. D193. Transformation: man to tortoise (turtle). *Dh II 128.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “tortue”.--India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 324; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 137.

D194. D194. Transformation: man to crocodile. (Cf. B642.2.)--India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 181, 401, (Kaffir): Theal 38, (Luba): DeClerq Zs. f. Kolonialsprachen IV 204.

D194.0.1. D194.0.1. Wer-crocodile. Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 401.

D194.1. D194.1. Transformation: man to alligator. India: Thompson-Balys.

D195. D195. Transformation: man to frog. (Cf. B643).--*Type 440; *BP I 1ff.; *Fb “frш” I 378, “blod” IV 48 a; Tobler 80.--Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3188, Legends No. 202; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 97 No. 836A; Jewish: Neuman; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 289, II 390; Korean: Zong in-Sob V No. 2; Chile: Pino Saavedra 405; Africa (Bushman): Bleek and Lloyd 199, (Zulu): Callaway 211.

D196. D196. Transformation: man to toad. Fb “tudse” III 889a; Hartland Science 51ff.; Tobler 26.--English: Lang Eng. Fairy Tales 190; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “crapaud”; Chinese: Graham; S. A. Indian (Guaporй Rivйr): Lйvi-Strauss BBAE CXLIII (3) 379.

D197. D197. Transformation: man to lizard. S. A. Indian (Warrau): Mйtraux RMLP XXXIII 146.

D197.1. D197.1. Transformation: man to iguana. S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 66.

D198. D198. Transformation: man to snail. India: Thompson-Balys; Korean: Zong in-Sob 30 No. 13; Africa: Milligan 95.

D199. D199. Transformation: man to other animals than those already treated.

D199.1. D199.1. Transformation: man to centaur. (Cf. B21.)--Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 413.

D199.2. D199.2. Transformation: man to dragon. (Cf. B11.)--English: Wells 103 (Alliterative Alexander Fragment A); Irish myth: *Cross.

D199.2.1. D199.2.1. Magician fights as dragon. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D199.3. D199.3. Transformation: woman to siren. Jewish: Neuman.


D200--D299. Transformation: man to object.

D200. D200. Transformation: man to object. Burton Nights I 69, 163, IX 318, S V 247f.; Tawney I 232, II 363; India: Thompson-Balys.

D210. D210. Transformation: man to vegetable form.

D210.1. D210.1. Plants as transformed bodies of gods. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 93.

D211. D211. Transformation: man to fruit. *Type 652; BP II 121ff., *125; Penzer VII 130f., 161.

D211.1. D211.1. Transformation: man (woman) to orange. *Type 408; India: Thompson-Balys.

D211.2. D211.2. Transformation: man (woman) to pomegranate. *Type 408; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D211.3. D211.3. Transformation: woman (man) to belfruit. India: Thompson-Balys.

D211.4. D211.4. Transformation: man (woman) to mango. India: Thompson-Balys.

D211.5. D211.5. Transformation: man to apple. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D211.6. D211.6. Transformation: man to peach. Chinese: Graham.

D212. D212. Transformation: man (woman) to flower. *Type 652; *BP II 125; *Type 407; BP I 501, III 259; Tobler 69.--India: *Thompson-Balys; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 93.

D212.1. D212.1. Transformation: man (woman) to carnation. *Type 652.

D212.2. D212.2. Transformation: man (woman) to rose. *Fb “rose” III 80a; India: Thompson-Balys.

D212.3. D212.3. Transformation: woman to lotus. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D213. D213. Transformation: man to plant.

D213.1. D213.1. Transformation: man to cockscomb plant. India: Thompson-Balys.

D213.2. D213.2. Transformation: man to rosebush. German: Grimm Nos. 51, 113.

D213.3. D213.3. Transformation: man to turmeric plant. Easter Island: Mйtraux Ethnology 365.

D213.4. D213.4. Transformation: man to vine. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 93, 99.

D213.5. D213.5. Transformation: man to thorns. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 23.

D213.6. D213.6. Transformation: man to plantain stalk. Africa (Bulu): Krug 121f.

D214. D214. Transformation to grain.

D214.1. D214.1. Transformation: man to rice-grain. India: Thompson-Balys.

D214.2. D214.2. Transformation: man to maize. Africa (Luba): DeClerq Zs. f. Kolonialsprachen IV 207.

D215. D215. Transformation: man to tree. *Type 442; *Fb “trж” III 867b.--Greek: Fox 16; Hindu: Penzer VI 25 n. 1; India: *Thompson-Balys; English: Child V 497 s.v. “stepmother”; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 48; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth XII 101, 254, 478, 495, 532; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 193; Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 13; N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 489 No. 106, (Crow): Lowie PaAM XXV 45; Africa (Fjort): Dennett 42 No. 6, (Basuto): Jacottet 68 No. 10, (Fang): Tessman 112.

D215.1. D215.1. Transformation: man (woman) to laurel. Greek: Fox 181 (Daphne).

D215.2. D215.2. Transformation: man to pear tree. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “poirier”.

D215.3. D215.3. Transformation: man (woman) to ash tree. Fb “rцn” III 125a.

D215.4. D215.4. Transformation: man (woman) to linden tree. Fb “lind” II 432b.

D215.5. D215.5. Transformation: man to apple tree. Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Apfel” n. 27.

D215.6. D215.6. Transformation: man (woman) to mulberry tree. Hindu: Penzer VI 26 n. 3; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 84.

D215.7. D215.7. Transformation: man (woman) to almond tree. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 262 n. 2.

D215.8. D215.8. Transformation: man (woman) to mango tree. India: Thompson-Balys.

D216. D216. Transformation: man to log. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 100; Menomini: Skinner and Satterlee PaAM XIII 317; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 60; Missouri French: Carriиre.

D217. D217. Transformation: man to stick. Africa (Hausa): Equilbecq II 171ff.

D218. D218. Transformation: man to sheaf of grain.

D218.1. D218.1. Transformation: man (woman) to paddy-sheaf. India: Thompson-Balys.

D221. D221. Transformation: man to gourd (calabash). India: Thompson-Balys; Indonesian: DeVries’ list No. 155; Cook Islands: Beckwith Myth 268, 450f.; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 262 No. 39.

D222. D222. Transformation: man to nut. Icelandic: Boberg.

D222.1. D222.1. Transformation: man to peanut. Africa: Weeks Jungle 462.

D223. D223. Transformation: man to grass. Jewish: Neuman.

D224. D224. Transformation: man to reed. Greek myth: Syrinx.

D225. D225. Transformation: man to seaweed. Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 13.

D230. D230. Transformation: man to a mineral form.

D231. D231. Transformation: man to stone. *Types 303, 471, 516; *Fb “sten” III 553b; Kцhler-Bolte I 572f.; *Chauvin VI No. 273, *58 No. 222, VII 83 No. 373bis n. 1, 98 No. 375; *Loomis White Magic 80.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 503f.; England: *Baughman; Italian novella: Rotunda; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 153 n. 3, 343 (Niobe); India: *Thompson-Balys, Tawney 123; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 94, 119, 209; Japanese: Ikeda; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 61; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G 3/6); Marquesas: Handy 106; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 65, 191, 342, 422; Tonga: Gifford 183, Mono Alu: Wheeler 25, 66; New Hebrides: Codrington 367;--Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 219, 464, Rasmussen III 152, 194, (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 172, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 84, (Labrador): Hawkes GSCan XIV 159, (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 505, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 172.--American Indian (Central Brazil): Ehrenreich Int. Cong. Americanists XIV 662, (Snuqualmi and Snohomish): Haeberlin JAFL XXXVII 378.--Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 260 No. 38, (Kaffir): Theal 101.

D231.1. D231.1. Transformation: man to millstone. Africa (Zulu): Callaway 27.

D231.2. D231.2. Transformation: man to marble column. *Type 707; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D231.2.1. D231.2.1. Mass transformation of wedding party to marble statues, etc. India: Thompson-Balys.

D233. D233. Transformation: man to shell. India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 114; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 27, (Congo): Weeks 200 No. 1.

D235. D235. Transformation: man (woman) to golden object.

D235.1. D235.1. Transformation: man (god) to shower of gold. Greek: Fox 33 (Zeus).

D235.2. D235.2. Transformation: woman to golden stool. India: Thompson-Balys.

D237. D237. Transformation: man to coral. India: Thompson-Balys; Tonga: Gifford 94, 100; Marquesas: Handy 106.

D241. D241. Transformation: man to salt. Jewish: Neuman.

D242. D242. Transformation: man to oil. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 61.

D244. D244. Transformation: man to pumice. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 215.

D250. D250. Transformation: man to manufactured object.

D251. D251. Transformation: man to dish. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 300 n. 100.

D251.1. D251.1. Transformation: man to saucepan. Africa (Congo): Weeks 200 No. 1.

D252. D252. Transformation: man to pot. Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 240 No. 35.

D253. D253. Transformation: man to needle. Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 127 No. 22.

D254. D254. Transformation: man to musical instrument.

D254.1. D254.1. Transformation: man to fiddle. India: Thompson-Balys.

D255. D255. Transformation: man to boat. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bateau”.

D255.1. D255.1. Transformation: man to canoe. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 231, 478.

D256. D256. Transformation: man to wheel. *Fb “hjul”.

D257. D257. Transformation: man to hatchel. Fb “hegle”.

D258. D258. Transformation: man to fishhook. Easter Island: Mйtraux Ethnology 364.

D261. D261. Transformation: man to altar. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s. v. “autel”.

D263. D263. Transformation: man to ornament.

D263.1. D263.1. Transformation: man to ring. *Fb “guldring” I 514b; Missouri-French: Carriиre; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 341 n. 228a; Africa (Luba): DeClerq Zs. f. Kolonialsprachen IV 205.

D263.2. D263.2. Transformation: man to necklace. India: Thompson-Balys.

D263.3. D263.3. Transformation: man (girl) to comb. Hindu: Penzer VII 239.

D263.4. D263.4. Transformation: man to beads. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 60.

D263.5. D263.5. Transformation: man to crown. German: Grimm No. 51.

D264. D264. Transformation: man (woman) to skein of silk. Fb “silke” III 204a.

D265. D265. Transformation: man to mat. Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 127 No. 22.

D266. D266. Transformation: man to pick-handle. Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 262 No. 39, (Congo): Weeks 200 No. 1.

D268. D268. Transformation: man to building.

D268.0.1. D268.0.1. Transformation: man to church. German: Grimm No. 51, 113.

D268.1. D268.1. Transformation: man to housepost. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/276).

D268.2. D268.2. Transformation: man to figure on ridgepole of house. Maori: Clark 110.

D270. D270. Transformation: man to object--miscellaneous.

D271. D271. Transformation: man to meat.

D271.1. D271.1. Transformation: man to lard. Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 262 No. 39.

D275. D275. Transformation: man to feather. Tahiti: Beckwith Myth 37; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 310 n. 117a.

D276. D276. Transformation: man to egg. Faroe islands: MacCulloch Eddic 151.

D281. D281. Transformation: man to storm. Hottentot: Bleek 65 No. 28.

D281.1. D281.1. Transformation: man to wind. Hottentot: Bleek 65 No. 28; India: Thompson-Balys.

D281.1.1. D281.1.1. Transformation: man to whirlwind. Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 140 No. 20.

D281.2. D281.2. Transformation: man to lightning. India: Thompson-Balys.

D281.3. D281.3. Transformation: man to thunder. Madagascar: Renel Contes de Madagascar I 94ff. No. 14.

D283. D283. Transformation: man to water.

D283.1. D283.1. Transformation: man (woman) to pool of water. Irish myth: *Cross, MacCulloch Celtic 60; India: Thompson-Balys; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 532.

D283.2. D283.2. Transformation to spring of water. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 17; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 60.

D283.3. D283.3. Transformation: watersprite to flood. German: Grimm No. 181.

D283.4. D283.4. Transformation: person to seafoam. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-D. 13/203).

D283.5. D283.5. Transformation: man to ocean wave. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G 13/249); Maori: Beckwith Myth 318.

D284. D284. Transformation: man (woman) to island. Greek: Pauly-Wissowa: s.v. “Delos”.

D285. D285. Transformation: man to fire. India: Thompson-Balys; Penzer VIII 219; Hottentot: Bleek 65 No. 28.

D285.0.1. D285.0.1. Transformation: god to fire. India: Thompson-Balys.

D285.1. D285.1. Transformation: man to smoke. German: Grimm No. 163; Chinese: Werner 196.

D286. D286. Transformation: man to ashes. Hindu: Keith 115.

D287. D287. Transformation: man to mound. Africa (Bondei): Woodward FL XXXVI 367ff. No. 12.

D287.1. D287.1. Transformation: man to ant-hill. India: Thompson-Balys.

D287.2. D287.2. Transformation: man to pillar of earth. Africa (Loango): Pechuлl-Loesche 110.

D291. D291. Transformation: man to mountain. Africa (Bakuba): Einstein 160.

D292. D292. Transformation: man to hair. *Charpentier 35 nn. 1, 2.

D293. D293. Transformation: man to star. Jewish: Neuman; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G 3/1005).

D294. D294. Transformation into puff of dust. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/203).

D295. D295. Transformation: man to spittle. Jewish: Neuman.


D300--D399. Transformation: animal to person.

D300. D300. Transformation: animal to person. *Goerke Ueber Tierverwandlungen in franzцsischer Dichtung und Sage (Kцnigsberg, 1904); Tawney II 138; India: Thompson-Balys, N. A. Indian (Plains Cree): Skinner JAFL XXIX 345 No. 1 (1); Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 205, Rink 450.



D310. D310. Transformation: wild beast (mammal) to person. Irish myth: *Cross.

D312. D312. Transformation: feline animal to person.

D312.1. D312.1. Transformation: lion to person. Hindu: Penzer II 147; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 145, 147 No. 15.

D312.2. D312.2. Transformation: tiger to person. India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 62f.

D312.3. D312.3. Transformation: leopard to person. Africa (Mpongwe): Nassau 68 No. 15.

D313. D313. Transformation: canine animal to person. Chinese: Krappe CFQ III (1944) 26ff., 136f.

D313.1. D313.1. Transformation: fox to person. Chinese: Werner 370--379, Ferguson 157; Japanese: Ikeda, Anesaki 327; Korean: Zong in-Sob 128; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 11.

D313.2. D313.2. Transformation: wolf to man. Irish myth: Cross; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 76.

D313.3. D313.3. Transformation: bear to person. Korean: Zong in-Sob 3 No. 1; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 134, II 11, III 52, 86, Rink 196, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 54.

D313.4. D313.4. Transformation: hyena to man. Jewish: Neuman.

D314. D314. Transformation: ungulate animal (wild) to person.

D314.1. D314.1. Transformation: bovine animal (wild) to person. Africa (Cameroon): Mansfield 235.

D314.1.1. D314.1.1. Transformation: antelope to person. Africa (Fjort): Dennett 71 No. 15.

D314.1.2. D314.1.2. Transformation: caribou to person. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 58, (Ungava): Turner RBAE XI 328f.

D314.1.3. D314.1.3. Transformation: deer to woman. S. A. Indian (Maroja): Mйtraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 448.

D314.1.4. D314.1.4. Transformation: gazelle to person. Africa: Weeks Jungle 450.

D314.3. D314.3. Transformation: elephant to person. Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 126 No. 22.

D315. D315. Transformation: rodent to man.

D315.1. D315.1. Transformation: rat to person. Saintyves Perrault 151ff. (to coachman); Type 510.--Missouri French: Carriиre; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Duala): Lederbogen Africa V140.

D315.2. D315.2. Transformation: mouse to person. India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer V 109 n. 2, Panchatantra III 13 (tr. Ryder) 353; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 58.

D315.3. D315.3. Transformation: badger to person. Japanese: Anesaki 327.

D315.4. D315.4. Transformation: squirrel to person. India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 74.

D315.5. D315.5. Transformation: hare (rabbit) to person. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 60 No. 438; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 307; Africa (Ila, Rhodesia): Smith and Dale II 395 No. 28.

D318. D318. Transformation: simian to person.

D318.1. D318.1. Transformation: monkey to person. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 72 No. 557; Chinese: Werner 327.

D327. D327. Transformation: sea-mammal to person.

D327.1. D327.1. Transformation: otter to person. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 168.

D327.2. D327.2. Transformation: seal to person. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 456.

D330. D330. Transformation: domestic beast (mammal) to person.

D332. D332. Transformation: equine animal (domestic) to person.

D332.1. D332.1. Transformation: ass (donkey) to person. German: Grimm No. 144.

D333. D333. Transformation: bovine animal to person. (Cf. D658.4.)

D333.1. D333.1. Transformation: bull to man. Am. Negro (Georgia): Harris Friends 81 No. 11.

D333.2. D333.2. Transformation: calf to person. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 33 No. 55.

D334. D334. Transformation: goat to person. India: Thompson-Balys.

D336. D336. Transformation: swine to person. *Dh II 191f.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “cochon”; Missouri French: Carriиre; Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D336.1. D336.1. Transformation: pig to person. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 116.

D341. D341. Transformation: dog to person. Irish myth: Cross (D343.1).

D341.1. D341.1. Transformation: bitches to women. Irish myth: *Cross (D343).

D342. D342. Transformation: cat to person. Fb “kat” II 108a.--Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D350. D350. Transformation: bird to person. Tobler 79.--Irish myth: *Cross; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 49f.; Easter Island: Mйtraux Ethnology 373.

D352. D352. Transformation: falconiform to person.

D352.1. D352.1. Transformation: hawk to person. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 210.

D352.2. D352.2. Transformation: eagle to person. Africa: Milligan Jungle 100.

D352.3. D352.3. Transformation: falcon to person. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D353. D353. Transformation: coraciiform to person.

D353.1. D353.1. Transformation: woodpecker to person. Africa (Shangani): Bourhill and Drake 43ff. No. 5.

D354. D354. Transformation: charidiiform to person.

D354.1. D354.1. Transformation: dove to person. Dickson 52.

D354.2. D354.2. Transformation: gull to person. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 216, 302, (Greenland): Rasmussen 219, Rink 451.

D357. D357. Transformation: parrot to person. S. A. Indian (Carajб): Lowie BBAE CXLIII (1) 516.

D361. D361. Transformation: swan to person. Irish myth: Cross.

D361.1. D361.1. Swan Maiden. A swan transforms herself at will into a maiden. She resumes her swan form by putting on her swan coat. (It is difficult to tell in most Swan Maiden tales whether the primary form is swan or maiden: the incident may belong at D161.)--*Type 313, 400, 465A; *BP III 406; **H. Holmstrцm Studier цver svanjungfrumotivet i Volundarkvida och annorstдdes (Malmц 1919); Cosquin Indiens 348, 387, 391ff.; *Kцhler-Bolte I 444; G. de Raille RTP IV 312; *Penzer VIII 213; Fb “jomfru” II 43, “svane” III 664a.--Irish myth: Cross; Spanish: *Boggs FFC XC No. 400A; Germanic: Grimm Deutsche Mythologie I 354, Krappe Mod. Lang. Review. XXI 66, MacCulloch Eddic 258ff.; Boberg; French: Sйbillot France II 198, III 207; U.S.: *Baughman.--Arabian: Burton Nights V 345ff., VIII 31 n.; Persian: Bricteaux Contes Persans 97; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Japanese: Anesaki 258.--Indonesian: *DeVries’s list Nos. 151--153, Dixon 64, 138 nn. 13--18, 207ff.; Polynesian, Melanesian: ibid. 64, 138 nn. 13--18; Australian: ibid. 294f.--N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 356 n. 284; *Hatt Asiatic Influences 94ff.; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 364, II 12, III 74, 199, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 615, (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 170, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 179, (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 95.

D361.1.1. D361.1.1. Swan Maiden finds her hidden wings and resumes her form. Types 400, 465A.--U. S.: *Baughman; India: Thompson-Balys; Korean: Zong in-Sob 22ff. No. 11.

D364. D364. Transformation: goose to person. *Dh II 191f; *Fb “gеs” I 528b.

D365. D365. Transformation: duck to person. (Cf. D361.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D370. D370. Transformation: fish to man. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham, Eberhard FFC CXX 142 No. 96; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/194); S. A. Indian (Brazil): Oberg 108; Africa (Ila, Rhodesia): Smith and Dale II 403.

D370.1. D370.1. Fish cleaned by girl becomes man. Irish myth: Cross.

D373. D373. Transformation: eel to person. Fb “еl” III 119Oa.--Tonga: Gifford 182; New Hebrides: Codrington 375; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 3/1295).

D375. D375. Transformation: crab to man. India: Thompson-Balys.

D376. D376. Transformation: salmon to person. Irish myth: Cross (D374).

D380. D380. Transformation: insect to person.

D381. D381. Transformation: spider to man. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 168.

D382. D382. Transformation: hymenoptera to person.

D382.1. D382.1. Transformation: bee to person. Eskimo (Greenland): Thalbitzer Phonetic Study of Eskimo Language (Kшbenhavn, 1904) 2.

D382.2. D382.2. Transformation: ant to person. Italian Novella: Rotunda; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 53 n. 5; Fox 121.

D390. D390. Transformation: reptiles and miscellaneous animals to persons.

D391. D391. Transformation: serpent (snake) to person. Dickson 55 n. 71.--Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 389, 423; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 169, 185; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 52, (Zulu): Callaway 321, (Basuto): Jacottet 134 No. 19, 146 No. 20.

D392. D392. Transformation: worm to person. Tonga: Gifford 25.

D395. D395. Transformation: frog to person. Tobler 77ff; Type 440.--Hindu: Keith 147; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 76, 78.

D396. D396. Transformation: toad to man. Chinese: Graham.

D397. D397. Transformation: lizard to person. India: Thompson-Balys.

D398. D398. Transformation: snail to person. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 59f.

D399. D399. Transformation: other animals than those already treated to person.

D399.1. D399.1. Transformation: water-dragon to person. (Cf. B12.)--Chinese: Werner 233.


D400--D499. Other forms of transformation.

D400. D400. Other forms of transformation.

D410. D410. Transformation: one animal to another. India: Thompson-Balys; Jewish: Neuman.

D411. D411. Transformation: mammal (wild) to another animal.

D411.1. D411.1. Transformation: squirrel to another animal.

D411.1.1. D411.1.1. Transformation: squirrel to horse. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “йcureuil”.

D411.2. D411.2. Transformation: rat to another animal.

D411.2.1. D411.2.1. Transformation: white rat to white-winged elephant. Chinese: Werner 121.

D411.3. D411.3. Transformation: hare (rabbit) to another animal.

D411.3.1. D411.3.1. Transformation: hare to leopard. Ila (Rhodesia): Smith and Dale II 359 No. 12.

D411.4. D411.4. Transformation: antelope to another animal.

D411.4.1. D411.4.1. Transformation: antelope to dog. Africa (Fjort): Dennett 71 No. 15.

D411.4.2. D411.4.2. Transformation: antelope to goat. India: Thompson-Balys.

D411.5. D411.5. Transformation: monkey to other animal. Chinese: Werner 331.

D411.5.1. D411.5.1. Transformation: monkey to eagle. Chinese: Werner 363.

D411.5.2. D411.5.2. Transformation: monkey to candle-moth. Chinese: Werner 365.

D411.5.3. D411.5.3. Transformation: monkey to ant. Chinese: Werner 366.

D411.5.4. D411.5.4. Transformation: monkey to ox. Chinese: Werner 351, 360.

D411.6. D411.6. Transformation: mouse to another animal.

D411.6.1. D411.6.1. Transformation: mouse to horse. Saintyves Perrault 151ff.; Type 510.

D411.6.2. D411.6.2. Transformation: mouse to cat. India: Thompson-Balys.

D411.7. D411.7. Transformation: seal to another animal. Irish myth: Cross.

D411.7.1. D411.7.1. Transformation: seal to horse. Irish myth: Cross.

D411.8. D411.8. Transformation: fox to snake. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 228.

D411.9. D411.9. Transformation: gorilla to eagle. Africa: Milligan Jungle 100.

D411.10. D411.10. Transformation: bear to goose.

D411.10.1. D411.10.1. Parts of bears fall off and become geese. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 256f.

D412. D412. Transformation: mammal (domestic) to another animal.

D412.0.1. D412.0.1. Transformation: domestic to wild animal. India: Thompson-Balys.

D412.1. D412.1. Transformation: cat to another animal.

D412.1.1. D412.1.1. Transformation: cat to horse. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “chat”.

D412.1.2. D412.1.2. Transformation: cat to toad. *Kittredge Witchcraft 178 n. 36.

D412.1.3. D412.1.3. Transformation: cat to dog. India: Thompson-Balys.

D412.2. D412.2. Transformation: cow (ox) to another animal.

D412.2.1. D412.2.1. Transformation: herd of cattle to wolves. Finnish: Kalevala rune 33.

D412.2.2. D412.2.2. Transformation: ox-demon to pig. Chinese: Werner 361.

D412.2.3. D412.2.3. Transformation: ox-demon to tiger. Chinese: Werner.

D412.2.4. D412.2.4. Transformation: ox-demon to leopard. Chinese: Werner 361.

D412.2.5. D412.2.5. Transformation: ox-demon to bear. Chinese: Werner 361.

D412.2.6. D412.2.6. Transformation: ox-demon to elephant. Chinese: Werner 361.

D412.3. D412.3. Transformation: swine becomes another animal.

D412.3.1. D412.3.1. Transformation: pig-fairy to fish. Chinese: Werner 363.

D412.3.2. D412.3.2. Transformation: pig to fish. Irish myth: Cross.

D412.3.3. D412.3.3. Transformation: boar-pigs into he-goats. *Loomis White Magic 80.

D412.3.4. D412.3.4. Transformation: sows into she-goats. *Loomis White Magic 80.

D412.3.5. D412.3.5. Transformation: pig to dragon. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 162.

D412.4. D412.4. Transformation: horse to another animal. Irish myth: Cross.

D412.4.1. D412.4.1. Transformation: packhorse to palfrey. Irish myth: Cross.

D412.5. D412.5. Transformation: dog to another animal. Irish myth: Cross.

D412.5.1. D412.5.1. Transformation: dog to dove (transformed man). Irish myth: Cross.

D412.5.2. D412.5.2. Transformation: hound to lap-dog. Irish myth: Cross.

D412.5.3. D412.5.3. Transformation: dog to otter. Irish myth: Cross.

D412.5.4. D412.5.4. Animal that is hound by day, sheep by night. Irish myth: Cross.

D412.5.5. D412.5.5. Transformation: dog to leopard. India: Thompson-Balys.

D412.5.6. D412.5.6. Transformation: dog to spider. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 226.

D412.5.7. D412.5.7. Transformation: dog to snake. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 75.

D412.6. D412.6. Transformation: ass to horse. *Loomis White Magic 80; S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 89.

D412.7. D412.7. Transformation: sheep to grasshoppers. Mexico: Mendoza Santa Barbara; India: Thompson-Balys.

D413. D413. Transformation: bird to another animal. Irish myth: Cross.

D413.1. D413.1. Transformation: hawk to salmon (transformed man). Irish myth: Cross.

D413.2. D413.2. Transformation: raven to water bird. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 73.

D415. D415. Transformation: insect to another animal.

D415.1. D415.1. Transformation: mantis to another animal.

D415.1.1. D415.1.1. Transformation: mantis to hartebeest. Africa (Bushman): Bleek and Lloyd 3.

D418. D418. Transformation: reptile to other animal.

D418.1. D418.1. Transformation: serpent (snake) to other animal.

D418.1.1. D418.1.1. Transformation: python to gorilla. Africa: Milligan Jungle 100.

D418.1.2. D418.1.2. Transformation: snake to dragon. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 31.

D418.1.3. D418.1.3. Transformation: serpent to mosquito. India: Thompson-Balys.

D418.2. D418.2. Transformation: worm to other animal.

D418.2.1. D418.2.1. Transformation: worm to serpent. Jewish: Neuman.

D418.2.2. D418.2.2. Transformation: worm to dog. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 72.

D419. D419. Transformation: miscellaneous animals to other animals.

D419.1. D419.1. Transformation: dragon to other animal. (Cf. B11.)

D419.1.1. D419.1.1. Transformation: sea dragon to serpent. Chinese: Werner 311.

D419.1.2. D419.1.2. Transformation: dragon to horse. Korean: Zong in-Sob 64 No. 35.

D420. D420. Transformation: animal to object. India: Thompson-Balys; Koryak: Jochelson JE VI 194, 196, 323; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 185, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 639.

D421. D421. Transformation: mammal (wild) to object.

D421.1. D421.1. Transformation: wolf to object.

D421.1.1. D421.1.1. Transformation: wolf to tree. Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 323. No. 108.

D421.2. D421.2. Transformation: antelope to object.

D421.2.1. D421.2.1. Transformation: antelope to nut. Africa (Fjort): Dennett 71 No. 15.

D421.2.2. D421.2.2. Transformation: doe to bubble of water (enchanted woman). Irish myth: Cross.

D421.3. D421.3. Transformation: elephant to object. India: Thompson-Balys.

D421.3.1. D421.3.1. Transformation: elephant to lotus. India: Thompson-Balys.

D421.3.2. D421.3.2. Transformation: elephant to stone. India: Thompson-Balys.

D421.4. D421.4. Transformation: tiger to object.

D421.4.1. D421.4.1. Transformation: tigress to mortar. India: Thompson-Balys.

D421.5. D421.5. Transformation: deer to object.

D421.5.1. D421.5.1. Transformation: stag to wind. Chinese and Persian: Coyajee JPASB XXIV 182f.

D421.6. D421.6. Transformation: bear to object.

D421.6.1. D421.6.1. Transformation: bear to bow. N. A. Indian (Klikitat): Jacobs U. Wash. II 31.

D421.7. D421.7. Transformation: whale to object.

D421.7.1. D421.7.1. Transformation: whale to skull. Eskimo (Labrador): Hawkes GSCan XIV 155, (Greenland): Rink 128, Holm 44, Rasmussen II 18, III 84.

D422. D422. Transformation: mammal (domestic) to object.

D422.1. D422.1. Transformation: horse to object.

D422.1.1. D422.1.1. Transformation: horse to river. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “riviиre”.

D422.1.2. D422.1.2. Transformation: horse to stone. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D422.2. D422.2. Transformation: dog to object.

D422.2.1. D422.2.1. Transformation: dead dog to money. Fb “hund” I 676a; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3629; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 229f. No. 176, FFC CXXVIII 201f. No. 113.

D422.2.2. D422.2.2. Transformation: dog to pumpkin. India: Thompson-Balys.

D422.2.3. D422.2.3. Transformation: dog to statue. India: Thompson-Balys.

D422.3. D422.3. Transformation: pig to object. Irish myth: Cross.

D422.3.1. D422.3.1. Transformation: pig to bread. Irish myth: Cross.

D423. D423. Transformation: bird (fowl) to object.

D423.1. D423.1. Transformation: goose to object.

D423.1.1. D423.1.1. Transformation: flock of geese to stone. Fb “gеs” I 528b.

D423.2. D423.2. Transformation: quails to sticks and pebbles. India: Thompson-Balys.

D423.3. D423.3. Transformation: duck to precious stone. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 196.

D423.4. D423.4. Transformation: buzzard to door flap. Klikitat: Jacobs U. Wash. II 31.

D424. D424. Transformation: insect to object.

D424.1. D424.1. Transformation: butterfly to bamboo. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 266.

D425. D425. Transformation: reptile to object.

D425.1. D425.1. Transformation: snake to object.

D425.1.1. D425.1.1. Transformation: snake to stone. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D425.1.2. D425.1.2. Transformation: snake to jewel. India: Thompson-Balys.

D425.1.2.1. D425.1.2.1. Transformation: snake to gold. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 184.

D425.1.3. D425.1.3. Transformation: snake to garland. India: Thompson-Balys.

D425.1.4. D425.1.4. Transformation: snake to ship. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1160.

D426. D426. Transformation: fish to object.

D426.1. D426.1. Transformation: eel to object.

D426.1.1. D426.1.1. Transformation: eel to stone. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 21.

D426.1.2. D426.1.2. Transformation: eel to dry land. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G 13/221).

D426.2. D426.2. Transformation: octopus to stone. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 22.

D428. D428. Transformation: amphibian to object.

D428.1. D428.1. Transformation: frog to object.

D428.1.1. D428.1.1. Transformation: frog to tree. Chinese: Graham.

D429. D429. Transformation: animal to object--miscellaneous.

D429.1. D429.1. Transformation: water monster to Milky Way. Raratonga: Beckwith Myth 439.

D429.2. D429.2. Transformation: dragon to object. (Cf. B11.)

D429.2.1. D429.2.1. Transformation: dragon-king to gust of wind. Chinese: Werner 311.

D429.2.2. D429.2.2. Transformation: dragon to stone. Irish myth: Cross.

D429.2.2.1. D429.2.2.1. Transformation: man-eating giantess to stone. India: Thompson-Balys.

D430. D430. Transformation: object to person.

D431. D431. Transformation: vegetable form to person.

D431.1. D431.1. Transformation: flower to person. *BP II 126f.; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.

D431.1.1. D431.1.1. Transformation: rose to person. Spanish: *Boggs FFC XC 82 No. 708a; India: Thompson-Balys.

D431.1.2. D431.1.2. Transformation: carnation to person. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 59 No. 425D.

D431.2. D431.2. Transformation: tree to person. Irish myth: Cross; Jamaica: *Beckwith MAFLS XVII 263 No. 67; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 168.

D431.3. D431.3. Transformation: leaf (of tree) to person. Africa (Yoruba): Ellis 257 No. 4, (Fjort): Dennett 43 No. 6, (Upoto): Einstein 141.

D431.4. D431.4. Transformation: fruit to person. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D431.5. D431.5. Transformation: grass to person.

D431.5.1. D431.5.1. Transformation: grass to soldiers. Chinese: Graham.

D431.6. D431.6. Transformation: plant to person. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 515; Papua: Ker 131.

D431.6.1. D431.6.1. Woman emerges from plant. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D431.7. D431.7. Transformation: reed to person. Africa (Ba Ronga): Einstein 259.

D431.8. D431.8. Transformation: corn to person. Jewish: Neuman.

D431.9. D431.9. Transformation: root (bulb) of plant to person. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 168.

D431.10. D431.10. Transformation: sections of bamboo to persons. Papua: Ker 138.

D431.11. D431.11. Transformation: nut to person. Papua: Ker 86; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 121.

D432. D432. Transformation: mineral form to person. Irish myth: Cross.

D432.1. D432.1. Transformation: stone to person. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 69; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 179.

D432.2. D432.2. Transformation: shell to person.

D432.2.1. D432.2.1. Every piece of shattered cowrie-shell turns into an armed man. India: Thompson-Balys.

D432.3. D432.3. Transformation: jewel to person.

D432.3.1. D432.3.1. Transformation: ruby to person. India: Thompson-Balys.

D434. D434. Transformation: manufactured object to person.

D434.1. D434.1. Transformation: utensil to person. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 169.

D434.2. D434.2. Transformation: rope to person. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 465.

D434.3. D434.3. Transformation: canoe-bailer to person. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 233.

D434.4. D434.4. Transformation: coffin cover to person. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 168.

D435. D435. Transformation: image to person. (Cf. D445.) Korean: Zong in-Sob 213; Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 517.

D435.1. D435.1. Transformation: statue to person.

D435.1.1. D435.1.1. Transformation: statue comes to life. *Type 945, cf. Type 165*; *BP III 53 n. 2; D. E. MacKay The Double Invitation in the Legend of Don Juan (1943); *Loomis White Magic 81; Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Baum”; Kцhler-Bolte I 531.--Greek: Fox 200 (Galateia); Finnish: cf. Kalevala rune 37; Germanic: MacCulloch Eddic 188; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “statue”; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *701; Hindu: Benfey Panchatantra I 490; India: Thompson-Balys; Babylonian: Meissner Babylonien und Assyrien II 96; Semitic: bin Gorion Born Judas V 180ff.; Jewish: Neuman; Indonesian: DeVries‘s list No. 184, Dixon 200, *201 n. 38; Torres Straits: Dixon 142 n. 25; German New Guinea: ibid. 141; Australian: ibid. 274; Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 479, 485, 497, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 619, (Koryak): Jochelson JE VI 22, 286, 370; N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 357 n. 287i, Hatt Asiatic Influences 97.

D435.1.2. D435.1.2. Transformation: dolls change to fairies when flute is played. India: Thompson-Balys.

D435.1.3. D435.1.3. Image of boy made of flowers comes to life. India: Thompson-Balys.

D435.1.4. D435.1.4. Wax prince animated by serpent becomes human being. India: Thompson-Balys.

D435.1.5. D435.1.5. Transformation: stone lion to man. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 169.

D435.2. D435.2. Transformation: picture to person.

D435.2.1. D435.2.1. Picture comes to life. Chauvin VII 101 No. 376.--India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 61f.; N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 357 n. 287i, Hatt Asiatic Influences 100.

D436. D436. Transformation: manufactured object to person.

D436.1. D436.1. Transformation: utensil to person. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 169.

D436.2. D436.2. Transformation: rope to person. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 465.

D436.3. D436.3. Transformation: canoe-bailer to person. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 233.

D436.4. D436.4. Transformation: coffin cover to person. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 168.

D437. D437. Transformation: part of animal or person to person.

D437.1. D437.1. Human bone transforms self to person. Africa (Pahouine): Largeau 198.

D437.2. D437.2. Animal bone transforms self to person. Papua: Ker 13.

D437.3. D437.3. Transformation: feather to person. Africa (Shangani): Bourhill and Drake 43ff. No. 5.

D437.4. D437.4. Transformation: excrements to person. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 85.

D437.5. D437.5. Transformation: spittle to person. India: Thompson-Balys.

D439. D439. Transformation: miscellaneous objects to persons.

D439.1. D439.1. Transformation: tow to person. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “filasse”.

D439.2. D439.2. Transformation: coal to person. Africa (Kaffir): Theal 87.

D439.3. D439.3. Transformation: water bubble to person. Jewish: Neuman.

D439.4. D439.4. Transformation: egg to person. India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Duala): Lederbogen Mдrchen 384.

D439.4.1. D439.4.1. Woman emerges from egg. India: Thompson-Balys.

D439.5. D439.5. Transformation: heavenly body to person.

D439.5.1. D439.5.1. Transformation: moon to person. Samoa: Clark 118; S. A. Indian (Amuesha): Mйtraux RMLP XXXIII 150.

D439.5.2. D439.5.2. Transformation: star to person. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 15 n. 2, 109.

D439.6. D439.6. Fire takes the form of a woman and runs away. India: Thompson-Balys.

D440. D440. Transformation: object to animal. India: Thompson-Balys.

D441. D441. Transformation: vegetable form to animal. Irish myth: Cross.

D441.1. D441.1. Transformation: tree to animal. Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Baum”; BP I 146f.

D441.2. D441.2. Transformation: fruit to animal.

D441.2.1. D441.2.1. Transformation: fruit to birds. Trees grow fruits. Those which fall on ground ripen and are normal; those that fall into water become birds and fly away.--*Pauli (ed. Bolte) II 445 No. 879.

D441.3. D441.3. Transformation: branch of tree to animal. S. A. Indian (Ceuici): Alexander Lat. Am. 304.

D441.3.1. D441.3.1. Transformation: faggots to chargers. India: Thompson-Balys.

D441.3.2. D441.3.2. Transformation: log to bear. India: Thompson-Balys.

D441.4. D441.4. Transformation: plant to animal. Jewish: Neuman.

D441.4.1. D441.4.1. Transformation: fern to animal. Irish myth: Cross.

D441.5. D441.5. Transformation: leaves to animal.

D441.5.1. D441.5.1. Transformation: leaves to eels. New Hebrides: Codrington 396.

D441.5.2. D441.5.2. Transformation: banana leaf to fish. Africa (Duala): Lederbogen JAS IV 71.

D441.6. D441.6. Transformation: embers into animal. (Cf. D562.2)--India: Thompson-Balys.

D441.6.1. D441.6.1. Transformation: ashes into animals.

D441.7. D441.7. Transformation: sticks of wood to animal. Jewish: Neuman; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 17, 33, 52, 58; S. A. Indian (Apapocuvъ-Guarani): Mйtraux RMLP XXXIII 138.

D441.7.1. D441.7.1. Transformation: rod to serpent. Hebrew: Exodus 7:10.

D441.8. D441.8. Transformation: piece of cotton to snake. India: Thompson-Balys.

D441.9. D441.9. Transformation: straw to snake. India: Thompson-Balys.

D441.9.1. D441.9.1. Transformation: wisp of hay to horse. (Cf. D451.5.7.)--Gering Islendzk Жfentyri II 167; Grimm Irische Elfenmдrchen No. 11.--Malay: Hambruch Malaiische Mдrchen 215.

D441.10. D441.10. Transformation: chips of wood to animal. Eskimo (Labrador): Hawkes GSCan XIV 152.

D442. D442. Transformation: mineral form to animal.

D442.1. D442.1. Transformation: stone to animal. Irish myth: Cross (D449.6); Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 22; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 163, 228.

D442.2. D442.2. Transformation: earth (dirt) to animal. India: Thompson-Balys (D446.1.)

D442.2.1. D442.2.1. Transformation: earth to lice. Jewish: Neuman.

D442.2.2. D442.2.2. Transformation: grave to animal. Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 21.

D442.3. D442.3. Transformation: gold to animal. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 229f.

D444. D444. Transformation: manufactured object to animal.

D444.1. D444.1. Transformation: money of the hard-hearted to scorpions. (Cf. D444.2, D444.4, D469.11, D471.1).--Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XXIX 69; cf. BP III 168, 462.

D444.2. D444.2. Transformation: meat to toad. Punishment for ungrateful son. Dh IV 262; Japanese: Ikeda.

D444.3. D444.3. Transformation: pill to white rabbit. Chinese: Werner 185.

D444.4. D444.4. Transformation: bread to serpents. (Cf. D444.1, D444.2, D469.11, D471.1.)--BP III 462.

D444.5. D444.5. Transformation: book-satchel to bird. Irish myth: Cross.

D444.6. D444.6. Transformation: drinking horn to dragon. Norse: Herrmann Saxo Gr. II 596.

D444.7. D444.7. Transformation: armring to serpent. Norse: Herrmann Saxo Gr. II 596.

D444.8. D444.8. Transformation: mortar to tigress. India: Thompson-Balys.

D444.9. D444.9. Transformation: pouch to parts of body of ptarmigan. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 320.

D444.10. D444.10. Transformation: dress to animal.

D444.10.1. D444.10.1. Transformation: dress to butterfly. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 264.

D444.10.2. D444.10.2. Transformation: mitten to dog. Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 510.

D444.10.3. D444.10.3. Duck’s sandals transformed to part of his feet. S. A. Indian (Chiriguano): Mйtraux RMLP XXXIII 178.

D444.11. D444.11. Transformation: oars and masts to serpents. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 333 n. 1.

D445. D445. Transformation: image of animal vivified. (Cf. D435)--Dh. II 72ff.--India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 234; N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 357 n. 287i.

D445.1. D445.1. Image of horse vivified. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 231f.

D445.1.1. D445.1.1. Image of horse will be vivified only for one person. India: Thompson-Balys.

D445.2. D445.2. Images of parrots vivified. India: Thompson-Balys.

D445.3. D445.3. Image of golden calf vivified. Jewish: Neuman.

D447. D447. Transformation: parts of animal or human body to animal.

D447.1. D447.1. Transformation: hair to animal.

D447.1.1. D447.1.1. Transformation: hair to monkey. Chinese: Werner 366.

D447.1.2. D447.1.2. Transformation: hair to insect. Chinese: Werner 364.

D447.1.3. D447.1.3. Transformation: hair to serpent. Sйbillot France III 257; Eitrem Opferritus und Voropfer der Griechen und Rцmer 359.--England, U.S.: Baughman.

D447.2. D447.2. Transformation: skull to water-monster. Africa (Angola): Chatelain 115 No. 9.

D447.3. D447.3. Transformation: blood to animal.

D447.3.1. D447.3.1. Transformation: blood drops to toads. India: Thompson-Balys.

D447.3.1.1. D447.3.1.1. Transformation: blood drops to serpents. Greek: Fox 34.

D447.3.2. D447.3.2. Transformation: blood of gorgon to flying horse. Greek: Grote I 7.

D447.4. D447.4. Transformation: fishtail to shark. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 134.

D447.5. D447.5. Transformation: toes of sorceress to dogs. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 248.

D447.6. D447.6. Transformation: tooth to fox. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 185.

D447.7. D447.7. Transformation: pig‘s bones to pig. Papua: Ker 13.

D447.8. D447.8. Transformation: bone to dog. Eskimo (Greenland) Rasmussen III 119.

D447.9. D447.9. Parts of sorcerer’s body turn into serpents. Icelandic: Boberg.

D447.10. D447.10. Transformation: brain to giant serpent. Irish myth: Cross (D449.7).

D449. D449. Transformation: miscellaneous objects to animals.

D449.1. D449.1. Magic charm turns sweets into bugs. (Cf. D522). India: Thompson-Balys.

D449.2. D449.2. Transformation: corpse to serpent. Jewish: Neuman.

D449.3. D449.3. Transformation: treasure to ducks. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 196.

D449.4. D449.4. Transformation: snow to dogs. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 324.



D450. D450. Transformation: object to another object. India: Thompson-Balys; Icelandic: Boberg.

D451. D451. Transformation of vegetable form.

D451.1. D451.1. Transformation: tree to other object. *Loomis White Magic 95; Africa (Loango): Pechuлl-Loesche 109.

D451.1.0.1. D451.1.0.1. Transformation: branch of tree to palace. India: Thompson-Balys.

D451.1.1. D451.1.1. Transformation: ash to hazel. Irish myth: Cross (D469.17).

D451.2. D451.2. Transformation: plant to other object. Irish myth: Cross (D452).

D451.2.1. D451.2.1. Transformation: rush to leek. Irish myth: Cross (D462.1).

D451.2.1.1. D451.2.1.1. Transformation: rushes to grain. Irish myth: Cross (D462.1.1).

D451.2.2. D451.2.2. Transformation: wheat to barley. Irish myth: Cross (D462.2).

D451.2.3. D451.2.3. Transformation: oats to wheat. Irish myth: Cross (D462.3).

D451.2.4. D451.2.4. Transformation: cotton to leaves. India: Thompson-Balys.

D451.3. D451.3. Transformation: fruit to other object. Irish myth: Cross (D463).

D451.3.1. D451.3.1. Transformation: apples to grain. Irish myth: Cross (D463.1).

D451.3.2. D451.3.2. Transformation: coconut to philosopher‘s stone. India: Thompson-Balys.

D451.3.3. D451.3.3. Transformation: pumpkin to carriage. Type 410.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “carosse”; Missouri French: Carriиre.

D451.3.4. D451.3.4. Transformation: apples to pig bristles (frog legs). German: Grimm No. 165.

D451.4. D451.4. Transformation: flowers to other object.

D451.4.0.1. D451.4.0.1. Transformation: flowers to gold beads. India: Thompson-Balys.

D451.4.1. D451.4.1. Transformation: lotus to human hand. Penzer VIII 54.

D451.4.2. D451.4.2. Hibiscus blossom transformed to canoe. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 405.

D451.5. D451.5. Transformation: grass to other object.

D451.5.1. D451.5.1. Transformation: blade of grass to horse. Africa (Fjort): Dennett 63 No. 12.

D451.5.2. D451.5.2. Transformation: blade of grass to knife. Africa (Fjort): Dennett 63 No. 12.

D451.5.3. D451.5.3. Transformation: blade of grass to gun. Africa (Fjort): Dennett 63 No. 12.

D451.5.4. D451.5.4. Transformation: grass to beard. Irish myth: Cross (D457.4).

D451.5.5. D451.5.5. Transformation: pieces of grass turned into stone steps. Chinese: Graham.

D451.5.6. D451.5.6. Transformation: roll of grass into gold. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 210.

D451.5.7. D451.5.7. Transformation: wisp of hay to bridge.--Maliseet: Mechling JAFL XXVI 251.

D451.6. D451.6. Transformation: stick (log) to other object.

D451.6.1. D451.6.1. Transformation: wand to other object.

D451.6.1.1. D451.6.1.1. Transformation: wand to bridge. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “pont”.--Cherokee: Mooney RBAE XIX 319 No. 67.

D451.6.2. D451.6.2. Stick thrust in ground changes into spirit hut. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 62.

D451.6.3. D451.6.3. Transformation: stick to weapon. Africa (Loango): Pechuлl-Loesche 109.

D451.7. D451.7. Transformation: nut to another object.

D451.7.1. D451.7.1. Transformation: nut to palace. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 54 No. 400B.

D451.8. D451.8. Transformation: leaf to another object. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 109; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 478.

D451.8.1. D451.8.1. Transformation: leaves to cotton. India: Thompson-Balys.

D451.8.2. D451.8.2. Transformation: leaf to knife. Africa (Loango): Pechuлl-Loesche 109.

D451.9. D451.9. Transformation: vegetable to other object.

D451.9.1. D451.9.1. Transformation: peas to stones. (Cf. D444.4, D471.1.)--BP III 462.

D452. D452. Transformation of mineral form.

D452.1. D452.1. Transformation: rock (stone) to other object.

D452.1.1. D452.1.1. Transformation: rock to hut. Africa (Kaffir): Theal 83.

D452.1.2. D452.1.2. Transformation: stone to mountain. Regular in D672, where references are given.

D452.1.3. D452.1.3. Transformation: stone to salt. *Loomis White Magic 81; Irish myth: *Cross (D456.3); Jewish: Neuman.

D452.1.4. D452.1.4. Transformation: stone into jewel. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *1670.

D452.1.5. D452.1.5. Transformation: rock to glass. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D452.1.6. D452.1.6. Transformation: stones to peas.

D452.1.6.1. D452.1.6.1. Christ asks woman what she is cooking; she replies that she is boiling stones to make her children think they are peas and that they will have food. Christ changes the stones to peas. England: Baughman.

D452.1.7. D452.1.7. Transformation: stone to firebrand. Africa (Duala): Lederbogen JAS IV 71.

D452.1.8. D452.1.8. Transformation: stone to island. Tonga: Gifford 191.

D452.1.9. D452.1.9. Transformation: stone to pillow. Jewish: Neuman.

D452.1.10. D452.1.10. Transformation: rock to water. Jewish: Neuman.

D452.1.11. D452.1.11. Transformation: stones to weapons. Jewish: Neuman.

D452.1.12. D452.1.12. Transformation: stones to dust. Jewish: Neuman.

D452.2. D452.2. Transformation: shell to another object.

D452.2.1. D452.2.1. Transformation: shell to boat. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bateau”.

D452.3. D452.3. Transformation: sand to another object.

D452.3.1. D452.3.1. Transformation: sand to rice. India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Duala): Lederbogen Mдrchen 82.

D452.4. D452.4. Transformation: earth (dirt) to another object.

D452.4.1. D452.4.1. Transformation: dirt to pepper. Africa (Duala): Lederbogen JAS IV 71.

D454. D454. Transformation of manufactured object.

D454.1. D454.1. Transformation: box to another object.

D454.1.1. D454.1.1. Transformation: box to carriage. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 72 No. 557.

D454.1.2. D454.1.2. Transformation: box to ship. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “boоte”.

D454.2. D454.2. Transformation: bread to another object. (Cf. D471).

D454.2.1. D454.2.1. Transformation: bread to flower. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “fleur”.

D454.2.2. D454.2.2. Bread tree springs from crumb of bread. India: Thompson-Balys.

D454.3. D454.3. Transformation: clothing to other object.

D454.3.1. D454.3.1. Transformation: one article of clothing to another. Irish myth: Cross (D469.16).

D454.3.1.1. D454.3.1.1. White chasuble suddenly turned into red. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D454.3.2. D454.3.2. Transformation: handkerchief to other object.

D454.3.2.1. D454.3.2.1. Transformation: handkerchief with three knots to clod, potsherd, and charcoal. India: Thompson-Balys.

D454.3.2.2. D454.3.2.2. Transformation: handkerchief with three knots to golden leopard, golden snake, and golden monkey. India: Thompson-Balys.

D454.3.3. D454.3.3. Transformation: belt to bridge. N. A. Indian (Quinault): Farrand JE II 115.

D454.3.4. D454.3.4. Transformation: cloak to other object.

D454.3.4.1. D454.3.4.1. Transformation: cloak to mountain. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/420).

D454.3.4.2. D454.3.4.2. Transformation: cloak to vessel. Saintyves Saints Successeurs 254f.

D454.4. D454.4. Transformation: needle to other object. India: Thompson-Balys.

D454.4.1. D454.4.1. Transformation: thread to other object. Africa (Vai): Ellis 191 No. 8.

D454.5. D454.5. Transformation: milk sack to other object.

D454.5.1. D454.5.1. Transformation: milk sack to sheet of water. Africa (Kaffir): Theal 87.

D454.6. D454.6. Transformation: pot to other object. Africa (Kaffir): Theal 88.

D454.6.1. D454.6.1. Transformation: bowl to other object. India: Thompson-Balys.

D454.7. D454.7. Transformation: brush to mountain. German: Grimm No. 79.

D454.7.1. D454.7.1. Transformation: comb to mountain. German: Grimm No. 79.

D454.8. D454.8. Transformation: ornament to other object.

D454.8.1. D454.8.1. Transformation: necklace to other object. India: Thompson-Balys.

D454.8.2. D454.8.2. Transformation: ring to other object.

D454.8.2.1. D454.8.2.1. Transformation: ring to saber. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bague”.

D454.9. D454.9. Transformation: weapon to other object.

D454.9.1. D454.9.1. Transformation: spear to other object.

D454.9.1.1. D454.9.1.1. Transformation: spear becomes mighty tree when driven into ground. India: Thompson-Balys.

D454.9.2. D454.9.2. Transformation: sling-stick to boat. Irish myth: Cross (D469.18).

D454.10. D454.10. Transformation: ship to other object.

D454.10.1. D454.10.1. Transformation: ship to mountains. Maori: Beckwith Myth 467.

D454.10.2. D454.10.2. Transformation: canoe into rock. Tonga: Gifford 76.

D454.11. D454.11. Transformation: writing tablets to bundle. Irish myth: Cross (D469.15).

D454.12. D454.12. Transformation: mirror to glass mountain. German: Grimm No. 79.

D454.13. D454.13. Transformation: pieces of chalk into tins of oil. India: Thompson-Balys.

D454.14. D454.14. Transformation: ink to beams of light. Jewish: Neuman.

D454.15. D454.15. Transformation: statue to drinking vessels. Jewish: Neuman.

D454.16. D454.16. Transformation: instruments of torture to lotus flowers. Chinese: Werner 268.

D457. D457. Transformed parts of person or animal to object.

D457.1. D457.1. Transformation: blood to another object.

D457.1.1. D457.1.1. Transformation: blood to rubies. Turns to rubies as it drops. *Cosquin RTP XXVIII 194, *Contes indiens 18ff.; India: Thompson-Balys.

D457.1.2. D457.1.2. Transformation: blood to milk. Bird caught and told to make milk bleeds and blood turns to milk. Africa (Kaffir): Theal 34 No. 1.

D457.1.3. D457.1.3. Transformation: drops of blood to flowers. India: Thompson-Balys.

D457.2. D457.2. Transformation: milk to blood. Irish myth: *Cross (D454.2.1).

D457.3. D457.3. Transformation: calf’s head to death‘s head. *BP I 276 n. 2, II 535; Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “tкte”.

D457.4. D457.4. Transformation: hair to other object. Jewish: Neuman.

D457.4.1. D457.4.1. Transformation: hair to stream. *Fb “hеr” I 771b.

D457.4.2. D457.4.2. Transformation: hair to forest. *Fb “hеr” I 771b; Jewish: Neuman.

D457.4.3. D457.4.3. Transformation: hair to bridge. Kцhler-Bolte I 195.

D457.5. D457.5. Transformation: meat to other object.

D457.5.1. D457.5.1. Transformation: stolen meat to roses. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D457.5.2. D457.5.2. Meat received from spirits transformed to banana leaves. Africa (Wachaga): Gutman 105.

D457.6. D457.6. Transformation: scurf from body to palm tree. India: Thompson-Balys.

D457.7. D457.7. Transformation: feather to tree. Africa (Shangani): Bourhill and Drake 43ff. No. 5.

D457.8. D457.8. Transformation: tooth to ax head. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges; Norse: Herrmann Saxo II 596.

D457.9. D457.9. Transformation: finger to ax handle. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 131 No. 89.

D457.9.1. D457.9.1. Transformation: cut-off hand to plant. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 130 No. 85.

D457.10. D457.10. Transformation: moustache into grass. (Cf. D562.2.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D457.11. D457.11. Transformation: eye to another object.

D457.11.1. D457.11.1. Transformation: bull’s eye to hornets. India: Thompson-Balys.

D457.11.2. D457.11.2. Transformation: eyeballs to torches. Jewish: Neuman.

D457.12. D457.12. Transformation: bone to other object.

D457.12.1. D457.12.1. Transformation: bone-dust becomes blazing fire. India: Thompson-Balys.

D457.12.2. D457.12.2. Transformation: bone to skeleton. Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 26.

D457.13. D457.13. Transformation: animal dung to other object. Africa (Duala): Lederbogen Mдrchen 82.

D457.14. D457.14. Transformation: tongue to other object.

D457.14.1. D457.14.1. Transformation: ogress‘s tongue to surfboard. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 194.

D457.14.2. D457.14.2. Transformation: tongue to flame. Jewish: Neuman.

D457.15. D457.15. Transformation: animal heart to other object.

D457.15.1. D457.15.1. Transformation: fox’s heart to rattle. S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 138.

D457.16. D457.16. Transformation: saint‘s relics to other object.

D457.16.1. D457.16.1. Saint’s relics assume form of Buddha. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 500f.

D457.17. D457.17. Transformation: flesh to other object.

D457.17.1. D457.17.1. Transformation: flesh to fire. Jewish: Neuman.

D457.18. D457.18. Transformation: tears to other object.

D457.18.1. D457.18.1. Transformation: tears to fountain. Jewish: Neuman.

D457.18.2. D457.18.2. Transformation: tears to river. Jewish: Neuman.

D457.19. D457.19. Transformation: ear tips (animal) into pelts. Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 471, 541.

D469. D469. Transformation: miscellaneous object to other objects.

D469.1. D469.1. Transformation: egg to mist. Africa (Kaffir): Theal 87.

D469.1.1. D469.1.1. Transformation: egg to house. Africa (Duala): Lederbogen Mдrchen 83.

D469.2. D469.2. Transformation: smoke to bridge. Africa (Vai): Ellis 191 No. 8.

D469.3. D469.3. Transformation: chain of arrows to bridge. Africa (Vai): Ellis 191 No.8.

D469.4. D469.4. Transformation: sea-scum to ice. Eskimo (Greenland) Rasmussen III 260.

D469.5. D469.5. Transformation: furnace of fire to garden. Jewish: Neuman.

D470. D470. Transformation: material of object changed. India: Thompson-Balys.

D471. D471. Transformation: object to stone.

D471.1. D471.1. Transformation: bread to stone. As punishment. (Cf. D441.1, D444.2, D444.4, D476.)--Type 368*; *BP III 168, 462; Fb “sten” III 553b, 554a; Hdwb. d. Abergl. I 1599; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D471.2. D471.2. Transformation: house to stone. N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 212 No. 41, 398 No. 70, 409 No. 73.

D471.2.1. D471.2.1. Transformation: house-door to stone. N. A. Indian (Shasta): Farrand-Frachtenberg JAFL XXVIII 216 No. 6.

D471.3. D471.3. Transformation: ship to stone. Greek: Fox 211.

D471.4. D471.4. Transformation: cheese to stone. *Loomis White Magic 79; Irish myth: *Cross.

D471.4.1. D471.4.1. Transformation: milk to stone. *Loomis White Magic 79.

D471.5. D471.5. Transformation: salt to stone. Irish myth: Cross.

D471.6. D471.6. Transformation: tree to stone. Irish myth: Cross.

D471.7. D471.7. Transformation: poison to stone. Irish myth: Cross.

D471.8. D471.8. Animals turned into stones. *Loomis White Magic 80f.

D471.8.1. D471.8.1. Stolen chickens turned to stones in cooking. *Loomis White Magic 79.

D471.9. D471.9. A candle becomes stone. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D471.10. D471.10. Water becomes rocks. (Cf. D478). Jewish: Neuman.

D472. D472. Transformation: object to muck.

D472.1. D472.1. Transformation: food to muck. As punishment. Fb “mog” II 603; India: Thompson-Balys.

D473. D473. Transformation: object to wood.

D473.1. D473.1. Transformation: sword to wood. Chauvin V 173 No. 96 n. 1.

D474. D474. Transformation: object becomes bloody. Irish myth: *Cross.

D474.1. D474.1. Transformation: key becomes bloody. *Type 311, 312; BP I 404ff.

D474.2. D474.2. Transformation: water becomes bloody. Loomis White Magic 78; Irish myth: *Cross; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: Neuman; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 358.

D474.3. D474.3. Transformation: cake becomes bloody. Irish myth: *Cross.

D474.4. D474.4. Egg becomes bloody. German: Grimm No. 46.

D474.5. D474.5. Transformation: butter (milk) to blood. Irish myth: *Cross.

D474.6. D474.6. Tears change to blood. Jewish: Neuman.

D474.7. D474.7. Spittle changes to blood. Jewish: Neuman.

D474.8. D474.8. Fruit juice turns to blood. Jewish: Neuman.

D474.9. D474.9. Eyes of stone lion become bloody. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 83.

D475. D475. Transformation: object to treasure (or vice versa).

D475.1. D475.1. Transformation: objects to gold. Encyc. Religion and Ethics s.v. “Alchemy”; *Loomis White Magic 79, 81.--Irish: Cross, Plummer xliv, clxxxv; German: Hartland Science 49; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 383.

D475.1.1. D475.1.1. Transformation: coals to gold. Fb. “kul”, “guld”.--Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 322 No. 80.

D475.1.1.1. D475.1.1.1. Transformation: ashes to gold. India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.1.2. D475.1.2. Transformation: shavings to gold. Fb “hшvlspеn”.

D475.1.3. D475.1.3. Transformation: dead leaves to gold. Grimm Deutsche Mythologie 2, 246, 452.

D475.1.3.1. D475.1.3.1. Banyan leaves turn to gold. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1262.

D475.1.4. D475.1.4. Transformation: spittle to gold. Hindu: Williams 11.

D475.1.5. D475.1.5. Transformation: fire to gold. Fb “ild” II 11b.

D475.1.6. D475.1.6. Transformation: rice to gold. India: Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Mitford 180ff.

D475.1.6.1. D475.1.6.1. Transformation: grain to gold. *Loomis White Magic 79; Irish myth: **Cross.

D475.1.7. D475.1.7. Transformation: brick (tile) to gold. India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 382.

D475.1.8. D475.1.8. Transformation: earth to gold. Fb “jord” II 45b.; India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.1.9. D475.1.9. Transformation: copper to gold. India: Penzer III 162 n.

D475.1.10. D475.1.10. Transformation: hair to gold. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D475.1.11. D475.1.11. Paste (smeared on princess’s body) turns to gold. India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.1.12. D475.1.12. Transformation: putrescence to gold. Irish myth: *Cross.

D475.1.13. D475.1.13. Mucus turns to gold to reward piety. Irish myth: Cross.

D475.1.14. D475.1.14. Transformation: bottle to gold. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D475.1.15. D475.1.15. Transformation: palace to gold. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 210.

D475.1.16. D475.1.16. Transformation: food to gold. India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.1.17. D475.1.17. Transformation: axe becomes golden. India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.1.18. D475.1.18. Transformation: flowers to gold and silver. India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.1.19. D475.1.19. Transformation: leaves on which meal is served turn to gold plates. India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.1.20. D475.1.20. Transformation: straw to gold. German: Grimm No. 55.

D475.1.21. D475.1.21. Transformation: fingernails to gold. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 165 No. 108.

D475.2. D475.2. Transformation: object to money (or vice versa).

D475.2.1. D475.2.1. Transformation: stones to gold coins. Tobler 71.

D475.2.2. D475.2.2. Transformation: water to money. Africa (Kpelle): Westermann Zs. f. afrikan., ozean., u. ostasiat. Spr. VI 161 No. 29a.

D475.2.3. D475.2.3. Transformation: money to ashes (leaves). Fb “penge”; India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.2.4. D475.2.4. Transformation: money to pewter. Chinese: Werner 373.

D475.3. D475.3. Transformation: objects to silver.

D475.3.1. D475.3.1. Transformation: earth to silver. Africa (Mossi): Frobenius Atlantis VIII 274ff. No. 20.

D475.3.2. D475.3.2. Tin changed into silver. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D475.3.3. D475.3.3. Transformation: stone to silver. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.

D475.3.4. D475.3.4. Transformation: iron in axe to silver. German: Grimm No. 99.

D475.3.5. D475.3.5. Transformation: silver dish becomes wooden. Irish myth: Cross (D479.16).

D475.4. D475.4. Transformation: object to jewels (or vice versa). *Loomis White Magic 81.

D475.4.1. D475.4.1. Transformation: stones into jewels. *Loomis White Magic 81; India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.4.2. D475.4.2. Transformation: lice into gems. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D475.4.3. D475.4.3. Transformation: dishes to jewels. India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.4.4. D475.4.4. Transformation: peas to pearls. India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.4.5. D475.4.5. Tears become jewels. German: Grimm No. 179; Greek: Grote 134; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.4.6. D475.4.6. Transformation: fingernails into jewels. India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.4.7. D475.4.7. Transformation: hairs to jewels. India: Thompson-Balys.

D475.4.8. D475.4.8. Water dripping off person becomes agates. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 43, 55.

D475.4.9. D475.4.9. Oil changed to jewels. Jewish: Neuman.

D475.5. D475.5. A cup of marble changed into one of crystal. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D476. D476. Food transformed.

D476.1. D476.1. Inedible substance transformed into edible.

D476.1.1. D476.1.1. Bread made from mud. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D476.1.2. D476.1.2. Loaf of bread made from the leaf of a tree. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D476.1.3. D476.1.3. Wood turned into grain. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D476.1.4. D476.1.4. Lard made from tree bark. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D476.1.5. D476.1.5. Butter made from nettles. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D476.1.6. D476.1.6. Pancakes made of snow. *Loomis White Magic 78.

D476.1.7. D476.1.7. Rock changed into milk. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D476.1.8. D476.1.8. Stream changed to egg. Jewish: Neuman.

D476.1.9. D476.1.9. Transformation: ice becomes grease. N. A. Indian (Menomini): Skinner and Satterlee PaAM XIII 270, (Crow): Lowie PaAM XXV 23ff., (Southern Ute): Lowie JAFL XXXVII 11 No. 5.

D476.1.10. D476.1.10. Bone-powder changed into cheese. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D476.1.11. D476.1.11. Transformation: sand to rice. India: Thompson-Balys.

D476.2. D476.2. Edible substance changed to inedible.

D476.2.1. D476.2.1. Transformation: food to dust. Jewish: Neuman.

D476.2.2. D476.2.2. Cooked meat changed to raw. (Cf. D476.4.)--Jewish: Neuman.

D476.2.3. D476.2.3. Milk transformed into other substance. *Loomis White Magic 79.

D476.2.3.1. D476.2.3.1. Milk transformed into blood. *Loomis White Magic 79.

D476.2.3.2. D476.2.3.2. Milk transformed into lye. *Loomis White Magic 79.

D476.2.4. D476.2.4. Transformation: sugar to ashes. India: Thompson-Balys.

D476.3. D476.3. Meat transformed.

D476.3.1. D476.3.1. Meat takes on taste of any dainty desired. Jewish: Neuman.

D476.3.2. D476.3.2. Bacon changed to iron. Irish myth: Cross (D479.5).

D476.3.2.1. D476.3.2.1. Bacon changed to different foods. Loomis White Magic 79; Irish myth: *Cross (D479.5.1).

D476.3.3. D476.3.3. Transformation: horse meat to mutton. Irish myth: Cross (D479.6).

D476.3.4. D476.3.4. Meat miraculously turned into fish on a feast day, and vice versa. *Loomis White Magic 79.

D476.4. D476.4. Bread becomes cake. German: Grimm No. 64.

D477. D477. Transformation: object becomes wine (or vice versa). Irish myth: *Cross.

D477.0.1. D477.0.1. Wine miraculously changed into other object. *Loomis White Magic 78.

D477.0.1.1. D477.0.1.1. Wine becomes blood (Cf. D471.4.1).--*Loomis White Magic 78.

D477.0.1.2. D477.0.1.2. Wine becomes honey. *Loomis White Magic 78.

D477.0.1.3. D477.0.1.3. Spiced wine becomes bitter. Jewish: Neuman.

D477.1. D477.1. Transformation: water becomes wine. Fb “vand” III 1000a.; St. John 2:9; Grimm Deutsche Mythologie I 486; Hartland Science 69; Farnell Cults of the Greek States V 156; Wuttke Volksaberglaube (Berlin 1900) 66ff.; *Toldo VI 310ff.; *Saintyves Essais 206ff.; Gьnter 246 s.v. “Wein”; *Loomis White Magic 78; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D477.1.1. D477.1.1. Devil takes man waiting for water to turn to wine at midnight on Old Christmas Eve. U. S.: Baughman.

D477.1.2. D477.1.2. Woman loses eye when she goes to well at midnight on Old Christmas Eve when the water turns to wine. England: Baughman.

D477.2. D477.2. Transformation: brine becomes wine. Irish myth: Cross.

D477.3. D477.3. Beer becomes wine. German: Grimm No. 64.

D478. D478. Water changed to other substance (or vice versa).

D478.1. D478.1. Transformation: water to milk. Irish myth: *Cross (D479.4); Sйbillot France II 213.

D478.2. D478.2. Transformation: water to ale. Irish myth: *Cross (D479.4.1).

D478.3. D478.3. Transformation: water to fire. Irish myth: *Cross (D479.4.2); Jewish: Neuman.

D478.4. D478.4. Transformation: water to marvelous drink. Irish myth: *Cross (D479.4.3).

D478.5. D478.5. Transformation: water to honey. *Loomis White Magic 78; Irish myth: *Cross (D479.4.4).

D478.6. D478.6. Transformation: water to mead. Irish myth: *Cross (D479.4.5).

D478.7. D478.7. Transformation: water changed into oil. *Loomis White Magic 78.

D478.8. D478.8. Water changed into balsam. *Loomis White Magic 78.

D478.9. D478.9. Water in river transformed to copper by magician. Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D478.10. D478.10. Salty water turned into fresh liquid. *Loomis White Magic 78; Jewish: Neuman.

D478.11. D478.11. Transformation: water to butter and cream. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 460.

D478.12. D478.12. Transformation: water to rocks. Jewish: Neuman.

D478.13. D478.13. Transformation: water to brimstone. Jewish: Neuman.

D478.14. D478.14. Boiling pitch reduced to cold water. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D479. D479. Transformation: miscellaneous objects change material.

D479.1. D479.1. Transformation: bog to flowery mead (through power of saint). Irish myth: Cross (D479.6).

D479.2. D479.2. Transformation: iron tools to earth. India: Thompson-Balys.

D479.3. D479.3. Transformation: magic charm makes root bitter. India: Thompson-Balys.

D479.4. D479.4. Transformation: goose egg becomes hen‘s egg. Irish myth: Cross (D479.17).

D479.5. D479.5. Transformation: basket of things to iron. India: Thompson-Balys.

D479.6. D479.6. Wax turned into earth. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D479.7. D479.7. Evil smells transformed into sweet fragrances, and vice versa. *Loomis White Magic 81.

D479.8. D479.8. Hut transformed into golden palace. India: Thompson-Balys.

D480. D480. Size of object transformed. Irish myth: Cross.

D480.0.1. D480.0.1. Things miraculously stretched or shortened if needed by a saint. *Loomis White Magic 89.

D482. D482. Stretching objects.

D482.1. D482.1. Transformation: stretching tree. A tree magically shoots upward.--India: Thompson-Balys; Batak: Warneck Religion der Batak 50; Melanesian: Codrington 165.--N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 332 n. 199; S. A. Indian (Mataco): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 35; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 188, 306.

D482.2. D482.2. Stretching lily plant. Miraculously quick growing. India: Thompson-Balys.

D482.3. D482.3. Magic stretching lance (Cf. D1086). Jewish: Neuman.

D482.4. D482.4. Transformation: stretching cliff. A cliff magically shoots up into the air. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “precipice”.--Hawaii: Dixon 90; Calif. Indian: Gayton and Newman 76.

D482.5. D482.5. Stretching sepulchre. Magically becomes longer. Irish myth: Cross (D484).

D482.5.1. D482.5.1. Grave equals five times length of any person‘s foot. Irish myth: Cross (D484.1).

D482.5.2. D482.5.2. Tomb gate magically enlarged. Jewish: Neuman.

D483. D483. Sea formed from giant’s spittle. (Cf. D1001.)--Indonesian: DeVries Volksverhalen II 285.

D483.1. D483.1. River expands and becomes sea. S. A. Indian (Apapocuvъ-Guaranн): Mйtraux RMLP XXXIII 138.

D485. D485. Transformation: stretching fingers to make ladder. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D486. D486. Person becomes larger.

D486.1. D486.1. Demon becomes larger. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z--G. 13/420).

D487. D487. Animal becomes larger.

D487.1. D487.1. Snake grows to 300 leagues length. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 859.

D487.2. D487.2. Monkey becomes 100,000 feet high. Chinese: Werner 361.

D487.3. D487.3. Ox-demon becomes 10,000 feet long. Chinese: Werner 361.

D488. D488. Houses magically made larger. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 219.

D489. D489. Objects made larger--miscellaneous.

D489.1. D489.1. Small leaves become larger. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1205.

D489.2. D489.2. Amulet enlarged to become cloak. Jewish: Neuman.

D490. D490. Miscellaneous forms of transformation.

D491. D491. Compressible objects. N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 336 n. 210a.

D491.1. D491.1. Compressible magic animals.

D491.1.1. D491.1.1. Herd of cattle put into magic cup. (Cf. B182.)--Greek: Fox 86.

D491.1.2. D491.1.2. Magic folding mule. Folds up like a sheet of paper. (Cf. B184.1.)--Chinese: Werner 294.

D491.1.3. D491.1.3. Magic dog shrinks in size. Irish myth: Cross.

D491.2. D491.2. Compressible magic objects.

D491.2.1. D491.2.1. Compressible magic box.

D491.2.1.1. D491.2.1.1. Compressible magic box containing many people and objects. East Africa: Frobenius Atlantis IV 134ff. No. 13.

D491.2.2. D491.2.2. Compressible table. Irish myth: *Cross.

D491.3. D491.3. Saint confined a large quantity of water in a small ditch. *Loomis White Magic 41.

D491.4. D491.4. Iceflake made small by magic. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 270.

D491.5. D491.5. Castle magically made smaller. German: Grimm No. 163.

D491.6. D491.6. Twelve stones unite to make one. Jewish: Neuman.

D491.7. D491.7. Ship becomes small boat. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T--G 3/900).

D492. D492. Color of object changed.

D492.1. D492.1. Cock‘s comb becomes white. Jewish: Neuman.

D492.2. D492.2. Blood turns black. Jewish: Neuman.

D492.3. D492.3. Color of hair suddenly changed. Jewish: Neuman.

D493. D493. Spirit changes to animal. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T--G 3/1001, z-G. 3/1353).

D494. D494. Transformation: person to monster. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 154.


D500--D599. Means of transformation.

D500. D500. Means of transformation--general.

D502. D502. Inability to transform self in presence of others. Chinese: Graham.

D510. D510. Transformation by breaking tabu. Tahiti: Beckwith Myth 468; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 154.

D511. D511. Transformation by breaking name tabu. (Cf. C430.)

D511.1. D511.1. Man calls wife “my swallow”; she becomes swallow. (Cf. A1917.)--Dh III 414.

D512. D512. Transformation by expressing astonishment at marvel. India: Thompson-Balys.

D512.1. D512.1. Transformation when one expresses astonishment at smith drawing water in an egg-shell. (Cf. C491.)--*Kцhler-Bolte I 220.

D513. D513. Transformation by violation of looking tabu. (Cf. C300.)

D513.1. D513.1. Man looks at copulating snakes: transformed to woman. (Cf. D12.)--Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 364 n. 1.

D515. D515. Transformation by plucking flowers in enchanted garden. Type 451.

D516. D516. Transformation through excessive grief. Greek: Roscher s.v. “Itys”; Japanese: Ikeda; N. A. Indian (Thompson): Alexander N. Am. 137.

D517. D517. Transformation because of disobedience. India: Thompson-Balys.

D518. D518. Woman transformed for nourishing an animal. Eskimo (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 176, (Greenland): Rink 413, Rasmussen III 81, (West Hudson Bay): Boas BAM XV 638.

D520. D520. Transformation through power of the word.

D521. D521. Transformation through wish. Type 451; Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman; N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 398 No. 70, 409 No. 73, (Shasta): Farrand-Frachtenberg JAFL XXVIII 216 No. 6; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 172.

D521.1. D521.1. Transformation through thoughtless wish of parent. BP I 430 (Grimm Nos. 9, 27, 49).

D522. D522. Transformation through magic word (charm). (Cf. D1273.)--Irish myth: Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 136, II 20, VI 8, 59.--Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/203); Jamaica: *Beckwith MAFLS XVII 271 No. 84.

D523. D523. Transformation through song. (Cf. D1275.)--Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 273 No. 87.

D523.1. D523.1. Transformation by playing musical instrument.

D523.1.1. D523.1.1. Transformation by playing flute. Chinese: Graham.

D525. D525. Transformation through curse. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer VI 16, VIII 140ff.; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D525.1. D525.1. Despondent mother curses herself and children into trees. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *425D.

D526. D526. Transformation through greeting: first creature to be greeted will be transformed. (Cf. A1371.3.)--*Dh II 191ff.

D527. D527. Transformation by scolding. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 468.

D529. D529. Transformation through power of the word--miscellaneous.

D529.1. D529.1. Petrification when woman‘s voice is heard. India: Thompson-Balys.

D530. D530. Transformation by putting on skin, clothing, etc.

D531. D531. Transformation by putting on skin. By putting on the skin, feathers, etc. of an animal, a person is transformed to that animal.--Fb “and”; Icel.: Vцlsunga saga ch. 8; Irish myth: *Cross; English: Child II 494, III 518, IV 495a, V495 s.v. “seals”; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Japanese: Ikeda; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 313 n. 132; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 364, II 13, III 75, 143, 262, Rink 146, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 181, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 617, (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 468, (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 95; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 271 No. 84; North Carolina Negro: Parsons JAFL XXX 187; Surinam: Alexander Lat. Am. 274.--See also all references under D361.1. (Swan Maiden).

D532. D532. Transformation by putting on claw, feather, etc. of helpful animal. Types 552A, 553; *BP III 434; Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XXII 13.

D533. D533. Transformation to fish by catching in fish-trap. India: Thompson-Balys.

D535. D535. Transformation to horse (ass. etc.) by putting on bridle (halter). *Fb “hest” I 598b, “grime” I 484, “bidsel” IV 37b; Kцhler-Bolte I 220, 586.--Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 130 No. 71; Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 45 No. 71; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3656; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer VI 56 n. 2, *59.

D535.1. D535.1. Transformation to horse by being horse-shod. Kцhler-Bolte I 220, 586.

D536. D536. Transformation by removing chains from neck.

D536.1. D536.1. Transformation to swans by taking chains off neck. (Cf. D161.)--**O. Rank Die Lohengrinsage (1911) 65f.; *Wehrhan 50; *Wesselski Mдrchen 255 No. 64; *Chauvin VIII 206 No. 248; *G. Huet Romania XXXIV (1905) 206ff.; H. A. Todd MLN VI 2.--Norse: MacCulloch Eddic 263; English Romance: Wells 97 (Chevalere Assigne).

D537. D537. Transformation by changing clothes. Icelandic: Arnason (Powell and Magnusson tr.) II 246, Boberg.--N. A. Indian (Micmac): Rand Nos. 5, 16, 17. (Caughnawaga): Harrington JAFL XIX 127f., cf. (Yana): Curtin Creation Myths of Primitive America (Boston 1898) 312ff.--Cf. Fb. “klжder” II 200a.

D537.1. D537.1. Transformation by donning hood. (Cf. D1067.3.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D537.2. D537.2. Transformation by donning cloak. Irish myth: Cross.

D537.2.1. D537.2.1. Giantess’s cloak makes man grow. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 430.

D537.3. D537.3. Transformation by putting on moustache. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D537.4. D537.4. Transformation by donning wig. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D550. D550. Transformation by eating or drinking. *MacCulloch Childhood 158.--Japanese: Ikeda; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 313 n. 132a.

D551. D551. Transformation by eating. *MacCulloch Childhood 158; *Penzer VI 56.

D551.1. D551.1. Transformation by eating fruit. (Cf. D981.) Cf. Type 566. India: Thompson-Balys.

D551.1.1. D551.1.1. Transformation by eating apple. *Fb “жble” III 1136a; Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Apfel” n. 11.--Icelandic: Boberg; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “pomme”; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 62 No. 449. Cf. Type 566.

D551.1.2. D551.1.2. Transformation by eating apricot. Chinese: Werner 203.

D551.1.3. D551.1.3. Transformation by eating pear. Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Birnbaum”.

D551.2. D551.2. Transformation by eating vegetable. (Cf. D983.)--Type 567; *BP III 6; *Aarne MSFO XXV 143ff. (Cf. D132.1.)

D551.2.1. D551.2.1. Transformation by eating cabbage. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 48 No. 327*D.

D551.2.2. D551.2.2. Transformation by eating cicuta. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 63 No. 453.

D551.2.3. D551.2.3. Transformation through eating magic seeds. (Cf. D971).--Hindu: Penzer VI 56 n. 1, 62f.

D551.2.4. D551.2.4. Transformation by eating flower. India: Thompson-Balys.

D551.2.5. D551.2.5. Transformation by eating onions. Korean: Zong in-Sob 21.

D551.2.6. D551.2.6. Transformation by eating garlic. Korean: Zong in-Sob 3.

D551.2.7. D551.2.7. Transformation by eating manioc. Africa (Dahomй): Einstein 27.

D551.3. D551.3. Transformation by eating flesh. Icelandic: Boberg.--Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 162; Japanese: Ikeda; American Indian (Creek): Swanton BBAE LXXXVII 32f., (Ladino): Conzemius BBAE CVI 130f.; Argentina: Jijena Sanchez 23.

D551.4. D551.4. Transformation by eating bread. India: Thompson-Balys.

D551.5. D551.5. Transformation by eating leaf from a tree. Falcon is returned to form of girl. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D551.6. D551.6. Transformation by eating--miscellaneous.

D551.6.1. D551.6.1. Transformation by placing pill in mouth. (Cf. D1243.)--Hindu: Penzer VII 42 n. 1, 222; India: Thompson-Balys.

D551.6.2. D551.6.2. Transformation by eating rice mixed with perspiration. Africa (Bushman): Bleek and Lloyd 85.

D551.6.2.1. D551.6.2.1. Transformation by eating sticky rice. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 60.

D551.6.3. D551.6.3. Transformation by eating snake eggs. India: Thompson-Balys.

D555. D555. Transformation by drinking. *Type 450; BP I 86ff.; MacCulloch Childhood 159. See also references to D550.--Italian Novella: Rotunda; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 287 n. 2; India: Thompson-Balys.

D555.1. D555.1. Transformation by drinking from animal‘s track. (Cf. D578.)--*Type 450; *Sartori Zs. f. Vksk. IV 41ff.

D555.2. D555.2. Transformation by drinking wine. Korean: Zong in-Sob 27.

D560. D560. Transformation by various means.

D561. D561. Transformation by jumping over. The person, animal, or object jumped over is transformed. American Indian (Zuсi): Parsons JAFL XXXI 243 No. 16, (Canadian Dakota): Wallis JAFL XXXVI 97 No. 26, (Cheyenne): Campbell JAFL XXIX 407 No. 1.

D561.1. D561.1. Transformation by rolling. N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 81.

D561.2. D561.2. Transformation by somersault. Chinese: Graham; Argentina: Jijena Sanchez 31, 38, 59.

D561.3. D561.3. Transformation by jumping three times. Korean: Zong in-Sob 58.

D562. D562. Transformation by bathing. *Chauvin V 4 No. 2, VIII 43f. No. 11; English: Child V 499 s.v. “transformations”; Irish myth: *Cross.--Indonesian: Dixon 216; India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 87.

D562.1. D562.1. Transformation by application of water. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D562.2. D562.2. Transformation by urine. (Cf. D441.5, D441.6, D564.4, D1006.)--India: Thompson-Balys.

D562.2.1. D562.2.1. God’s urine makes chilly fiery. India: Thompson-Balys.

D562.2.2. D562.2.2. Human urine softens rock. India: Thompson-Balys.

D563. D563. Transformation by encircling object thrice. Fb “rundt” III 96a.--N. A. Indian (Zuсi): Parsons JAFL XXXI 243 No. 16 (four times).

D564. D564. Transformation by smelling. India: Thompson-Balys.

D564.1. D564.1. Self-transformation by smelling stick. India: Thompson-Balys.

D564.2. D564.2. Transformation by smelling flower. India: Thompson-Balys.

D564.3. D564.3. Transformation by smelling powders. India: Thompson-Balys.

D564.4. D564.4. Transformation by smelling wine. (Cf. D562.2.)--Korean: Zong in-Sob 56.

D565. D565. Transformation by touching. India: Thompson-Balys.

D565.0.1. D565.0.1. Transformation by touching ground on return from fairyland. Irish myth: Cross.

D565.1. D565.1. Midas‘ golden touch. Everything touched turns to gold. Greek: Roscher s.v. “Midas”; India: Thompson-Balys.

D565.2. D565.2. Transformation by touching with rod. Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 70 n. 1, II 287 n. 2; Jewish: Neuman.

D565.3. D565.3. Transformation by licking. Irish myth: *Cross.

D565.4. D565.4. Transformation by seizing ears. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 86 No. 754C*.

D565.4.1. D565.4.1. Transformation by twisting one’s own ear. India: Thompson-Balys.

D565.5. D565.5. Transformation by kiss. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 56 No. 408A*; Irish myth: Cross; English: Child V 499 s.v. “transformations.”

D565.5.1. D565.5.1. Transformation by sexual intercourse. Irish myth: *Cross.

D565.6. D565.6. Transformation by touching water. Irish myth: Cross.

D565.7. D565.7. Transformation at touch of magic dogskin. Irish myth: Cross.

D565.8. D565.8. Transformation by touching with flower. India: Thompson-Balys.

D565.8.1. D565.8.1. Transformation by pinching flower (life token). German: Grimm No. 9.

D565.9. D565.9. Bag of stones becomes auks on touching ground. Eskimo (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 172.

D565.10. D565.10. Transformation by scratching. Brazil: Jijena Sanchez 37.

D566. D566. Transformation by striking. Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 90 No. 80.

D566.1. D566.1. Transformation by striking wolf-skin glove. Icelandic: Hrуlfs saga Kraka 50.

D566.2. D566.2. Transformation by striking with stone. Irish myth: Cross.

D566.3. D566.3. Transformation of horse by spurring. India: Thompson-Balys.

D566.4. D566.4. Transformation by decapitation. India: Thompson-Balys.

D567. D567. Transformation by sunlight. *BP III 89 n. 2.

D568. D568. Transformation by turning magic hood. Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 175, *Cross.

D571. D571. Transformation by throwing object or person.

D571.1. D571.1. Transformation by throwing rice on person. India: Thompson-Balys.

D572. D572. Transformation by magic object. Irish myth: Cross.

D572.1. D572.1. Transformation by magic stick. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 276, 280.

D572.2. D572.2. Transformation by ring. Icelandic: Boberg.

D572.3. D572.3. Transformation by cloth. German: Grimm No. 99.

D572.4. D572.4. Transformation by wand. German: Grimm No. 56, 60.

D572.5. D572.5. Transformation by means of magic stone. Icelandic: *Boberg; Africa (Fang): Einstein 53.

D572.6. D572.6. Transformation by magic powder. Korean: Zong in-Sob 230 No. 99.

D572.7. D572.7. Transformation by celestial dew. Jewish: Neuman.

D573. D573. Transformation by spell (charm).

D573.1. D573.1. Transformation by written spell. Korean: Zong in-Sob 85.

D573.2. D573.2. Petrification by magic written formula. India: Thompson-Balys.

D574. D574. Transformation by crossing water. Scotch: McKay Beal III 139.

D575. D575. Transformation by fumigations. Burning of magic perfume transforms. (Cf. D1245.)--Chauvin V 87 No. 27.

D575.1. D575.1. Transformation by throwing ashes. Africa: Milligan 141.

D576. D576. Transformation by being burned. (Cf. D1787.)--N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 349 n. 256, also most of references in n. 259.--Indonesian: DeVries list 239, DeVries Volksverhalen II 356 No. 100; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 87.

D577. D577. Transformation by braiding hair. Africa (Ila, Rhodesia): Smith and Dale II 395 No. 18.

D578. D578. Transformation by stepping in footprint. (Cf. D555.1.)--Africa (Kaffir): Theal 87.

D579. D579. Transformation by looking in a mirror. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D581. D581. Petrification by glance. Fb “цje” III 1167b.--Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 152 n. 3 (Gorgon).

D581.1. D581.1. Damsel whose voice turns her suitors to stone. India: Thompson-Balys.

D582. D582. Transformation by sticking magic pin into head. (Cf. D765.1.2., D1182.)--Fb “knappenеl” II 211b; *Cosquin Indiens 58ff.; Penzer VI 61.

D582.1. D582.1. Transformation by sticking nails into feet. India: Thompson-Balys.

D582.2. D582.2. Transformation by magic needle. India: Thompson-Balys.

D583. D583. Transformation by lousing. Maori: Dixon 55.

D584. D584. Transformation by contemplation. Penzer VI 20f.

D585. D585. Transformation by binding with string around neck. India: *Thompson-Balys, Penzer VI 39f., 56ff., VII 44 n. 1.

D585.1. D585.1. Transformation by tying charm around person‘s neck. India: Thompson-Balys.

D586. D586. Transformation to fish by throwing into sea. N. A. Indian (California): Gayton and Newman 100; Madagascar (Antankarana): Renel I 94ff. No. 14.

D587. D587. Transformation by baptism. Irish myth: Cross.

D588. D588. Transformation by blowing. Irish myth: Cross.

D591. D591. Transformation by immersing in magic well. Irish myth: Cross.

D592. D592. Transformation to likeness of another by sleeping with arms about him under the same mantle. Irish myth: Cross.

D593. D593. Change of sex by exchange with a yaksa (ogre). (Cf. D10.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D594. D594. Transformation by rubbing with ointment. India: Thompson-Balys.

D595. D595. Transformation by application of blood. India: Thompson-Balys.

D596. D596. Transformation by placing something on head. India: Thompson-Balys.

D596.1. D596.1. Transformation by placing bewitched flower on head. India: Thompson-Balys.

D599. D599. Transformation by various means--miscellaneous.


D600--D699. Miscellaneous transformation incidents.

D600. D600. Miscellaneous transformation incidents.

D601. D601. Offer to make pups born of woman in shape of hound human. Irish myth: Cross.

D610. D610. Repeated transformation. Transformation into one form after another.--Kцhler-Bolte I 265; *Type 325; *Norlind 73ff.; *Scott Thumb 124ff.; Cosquin Йtudes 516ff; Chauvin II 183, V 199.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; English: Child I 337, *V 499 s.v. “transformations, successive”; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 16f.; Missouri French: Carriиre; Greek: Fox 87 (Nereus), 92 (Periklymenos), 122 (Thetis), Frazer Apollodorus II 67 n. 6, Roscher s. v. “Acheloos”; Persian: Carnoy 270, 272; Turkish: Radloff IV 81ff.; India: Keith 152, Tawney II 168, 510ff., *Thompson-Balys.--Chinese: Werner 361, Eberhard FFC CXX 48; Japanese: Ikeda; Indonesian: DeVries Volksverhalen Nos 63, 69, 132.--Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 213 No. 73; Central Caroline Islands: Dixon 258; American Indian (Aztec): Alexander Lat. Am. 83.--Africa (Angola): Chatelain 72 No. 3, (Bushman): Bleek and Lloyd 3, (general): Frobenius Atlantis II 38ff, III 116ff., Meinhof African. Mдrchen No. 35.

D610.1. D610.1. Goddess repeatedly transforms herself. India: Thompson-Balys.

D611. D611. Protean beggar: Person assumes successive forms in order to beg.--N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 310 n. 117d.

D612. D612. Protean sale: man sells youth in successive transformations.--*Type 325; *BP II 60ff.; *Cosquin Йtudes 567ff.; India: *Thompson-Balys; *Kittredge Witchcraft 184 n. 98--Missouri French: Carriиre.

D612.1. D612.1. Illusory transformation of animals in order to sell and cheat. (Cf. D2031, K1870.)--Kittredge Witchcraft 184 n. 100.

D615. D615. Transformation combat. Fight between contestants who strive to outdo each other in successive transformations.--*Penzer III 195 n. 1, 203ff., VIII 80 n. 1; Mitra *The Magical Conflict in Santali, Ao Naga Folklore (Man in India IX 173--80); Chauvin V 2 No. 2, 5 No. 443, 199 No. 116, VI 86 No. 252, 110 No. 274; Cosquin Йtudes folkloriques 570ff.; Kцhler-Bolte I 138, 588.--Egypt: Mьller 126 (Horus and Seth); Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 256 n. 3 (Hercules and Achelous); Irish myth: *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 110; Finnish: Kalevala rune 28; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 289; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 361; Hawaii: Dixon 90f; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G. 3/1001); N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 311 n. 117e; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 220, (West Hudson Bay): Boas BAM XV 319, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 85, (Greenland): Rasmussen II 96; S. A. Indian (Eastern Brazil): Lowie BBAE CXLIII 1 434.

D615.1. D615.1. Transformation contest between magicians. Finnish: Kalevala rune 27; Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 50 No. 89; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 169, 242; Africa: Milligan Jungle 100.

D615.2. D615.2. Transformation contest between master and pupil. *Type 325; *BP II 68; *Kцhler-Bolte I 138, 556; English: Child V 499 s.v. “transformation”; India: *Thompson-Balys; Missouri-French: Carriиre.

D615.3. D615.3. Transformation combat between lover and maid. BP II 68; Child V 499 s.v. “transformations”.

D615.4. D615.4. Men transformed to animals fight. BP III 261 (Grimm No. 163).

D615.4.1. D615.4.1. Fairies (gods?) transformed to animals fight. Irish myth: Cross.

D615.5. D615.5. Transformation combat between saints. Irish myth: Cross.

D616. D616. Repeated transformations to deceive wives. A husband thus makes each of his many wives believe that he is always with her. Hindu: Keith 166.

D620. D620. Periodic transformation. A person or thing is transformed at definite intervals. *Types 432, 652; *BP II 125; R. M. Meyer Zs. f. Vksk. XXI 4.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Vцlsunga saga ch. 8--9, Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys; Indonesian: Dixon 219f.; N. A. Indian (Menomini): Skinner and Satterlee PaAM XIII 317; S. A. Indian (Surinam): Alexander Lat. Am. 274, (Guaporй): Lйvi-Strauss BBAE CXLIII (3) 379.--Africa (Angola): Chatelain 145 No. 15, (Mpongwe): Nassau 68 No. 15.

D621. D621. Daily transformation. German: Grimm No. 49, 123; India: Thompson-Balys; S. A. Indian (Argentina): Jijena Sanchez 55, 59.

D621.0.1. D621.0.1. One shape by day; another by night. Child V 490 s.v. “one”.

D621.1. D621.1. Animal by day; man by night. *Types 425, 552A; *Kцhler-Bolte I 315ff.; *Fb “hund” I 678a, “bjшrn” IV 43a.--Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Hrуlfs saga Kraka 50; Spanish: *Boggs FFC XC 62 No. 451; Bohemian: Hartland Science 246.--India: *Thompson-Balys; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 135; Mangaia (Polynesia), Samoa, Union Group, Tahiti: Dixon 55f.; Melanesian, Indonesian: ibid. 56 nn. 75, 76; N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 347 nn. 247, 248; S. A. Indian (Arawak): Jijena Sanchez 23.

D621.1.1. D621.1.1. Man by day; animal by night. *Taylor MPh XVII 59 n. 8.--Icelandic: Boberg; Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 45 No. 71; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 130 No. 71; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 135; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 52.

D621.2. D621.2. Tree by day; man by night. Fb “trж” III 867b; India: Thompson-Balys.

D621.2.1. D621.2.1. Bush by day; woman by night. Italian: Basile I No. 2.

D621.2.2. D621.2.2. Flower by day; girl by night. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D621.3. D621.3. Ugly by day; fair by night. *Kцhler-Bolte II 435ff.; Irish myth: Cross.

D621.4. D621.4. Size of object transformed at night.

D621.4.1. D621.4.1. Magic dog shrinks at night. Irish myth: Cross.

D621.5. D621.5. Sheep by day; dog by night. Irish myth: *Cross.

D621.6. D621.6. Young man issues from conch-shell every evening. India: Thompson-Balys.

D622. D622. Weekly transformation. See all references to C31.1.2. (Mйlusine).--Jijena Sanchez 42.

D622.1. D622.1. Transformation to werwolf every Friday night. S. A. Indian (Brazil): Jijena Sanchez 42.

D623. D623. Transformation every ten days. Icelandic: Volsungasaga 15.

D624. D624. Yearly transformation. Irish myth: *Cross.

D624.1. D624.1. Storks become men in Egypt in the winter. (Cf. D155.1.)--Wesselski Bebel II 138 No. 117.

D624.2. D624.2. Fairies become birds every other year. Irish myth: *Cross.

D624.3. D624.3. Yearly transformation to person of different sex. Irish myth: Cross.

D630. D630. Transformation and disenchantment at will. See, in general, references throughout D610--D629, D640--D659, D670--D699, nearly all of which motifs involve the idea of voluntary transformation.--*Types 652, 665; Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Baum”; *Bolte Reise der Sцhne Giaffers 215; *Chauvin VII 83 No. 373bis n. 1.--German: Grimm Nos. 51, 56, 68, 181; Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 84 n. 2, Grote I 105; Icelandic: De la Saussaye 298f., MacCulloch Eddic 46ff. (Odin), *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys, Keith 156, 218; Arabian: Burton Nights I 134ff., 220f., III 126f., 236, VII 76, 300, IX 331, X 30, S II 86, 105, S V 88, S VII 239; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 420, II 676; Chinese: Werner 327, Coyajee JPASB XXIV 182, Jameson The Chinese Art of Shifting Shape (JAFL LXIV 275--80), Graham; Korean: Zong in-Sob 85; Indonesian: De Vries’s list No. 152, 153; New Guinea: Dixon 138; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 401ff. note; New Hebrides: Beckwith 131; Easter Island: Mйtraux Ethnology 363.--S. A. Indian (Argentina): Jijena Sanchez 53; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 271 No. 84.--Africa (Cold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 42 No. 4, (Ekoi): Talbot 247.

D630.1. D630.1. Power of self-transformation received from wood spirit. *Type 677.

D630.1.1. D630.1.1. Power of self-transformation received from demon. Jewish: Neuman.

D630.2. D630.2. Power of self-transformation received from a god. Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 84 n. 2; India: Thompson-Balys.

D630.2.1. D630.2.1. Power of self-transformation received from an angel. Jewish: Neuman.

D630.3. D630.3. Power of self-transformation received from fairy parent. Irish myth: Cross.

D630.4. D630.4. Deity has power of self-transformation. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 93, 117ff, 172ff., 186, 276--83, 512.

D631. D631. Size changed at will. India: Thompson-Balys.

D631.1. D631.1. Person changes size at will. Irish myth: Cross; Marquesas: Handy 106; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 77, 241, Rink 402, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 84; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 154 (see D55.2.1.).

D631.1.1. D631.1.1. Person changes appearance at will. Irish myth: Cross.

D631.2. D631.2. Animal’s size changed at will. Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 516.

D631.2.1. D631.2.1. Dogs large or small at will. N. A. Indian (Micmac): Michelson JAFL XXXVIII 52.

D631.3. D631.3. Size of object changed at will. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen 235, III 173.

D631.3.1. D631.3.1. Compressible canoe. Can be made pocket size. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 275 n. 14c.

D631.3.1.1. D631.3.1.1. Compressible ship. Can be put into vest pocket. (Cf. D1123.)--Fb “skib” III 243a.--Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 109, Boberg.

D631.3.2. D631.3.2. Compressible tent. Large or small at will. Chauvin VI 135 No. 286 n. 1.

D631.3.3. D631.3.3. Sword large or small at will. (Cf. D1081.) Fb “svжrd” III 690b; Irish myth: Cross.

D631.3.4. D631.3.4. Compressible load. India: Thompson-Balys.

D631.3.5. D631.3.5. Compressible hammer. (Cf. D1209.4.)--Norse: MacCulloch Eddic 79, Boberg.

D631.3.6. D631.3.6. Cloth large or small at will. Indonesian: DeVries Volksverhalen II 103.

D631.3.7. D631.3.7. Bed large or small at will. Irish myth: Cross (D631.6); India: Thompson-Balys.

D631.3.8. D631.3.8. Spear large or small at will. Icelandic: Sturlaugs saga st. 625--26, Boberg.

D631.4. D631.4. Supernatural creatures change size at will.

D631.4.1. D631.4.1. Dwarfs change size at will. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 248.

D631.4.2. D631.4.2. Angels change size at will. Jewish: Neuman.

D631.4.3. D631.4.3. Demons change size at will. Jewish: Neuman.

D631.4.4. D631.4.4. Creature born from egg changes size at will. Marquesas: Handy 124.

D632. D632. Boat transforms self at will of master. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bateau”.

D632.1. D632.1. Island canoe. An island that becomes a canoe at will. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 275 n. 14.

D640. D640. Reasons for voluntary transformation.

D641. D641. Transformation to reach difficult place. *Types 329, 665, 434.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: De la Saussaye 261; Finnish: Kalevala rune 43; Greek: Fox 178; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 270, 273, 365, Ferguson 159; Maori: Dixon 79; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 310 n. 117; S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 26.

D641.1. D641.1. Lover as bird visits mistress. *Type 432; Child V 39ff.--Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: Grote I 86; India: Thompson-Balys.

D641.1.1. D641.1.1. Girl as bird visits lover. Irish myth: *Cross.

D641.1.2. D641.1.2. Transformation to be able to woo maiden. Greek: Grote I 139; India: Thompson-Balys.

D641.2. D641.2. Transformation to gain access to enemy‘s camp (fortress). Irish myth: *Cross.

D641.2.1. D641.2.1. Transformation to spy out enemy’s camp. Korean: Zong in-Sob 64.

D641.3. D641.3. Transformation in order to enter rival‘s stomach. (Cf. D651.2.) Tonga: Gifford 76.

D641.4. D641.4. Transformation to travel to otherworld. S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 24.

D642. D642. Transformation to escape difficult situation. Type 461; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 258 No. 40; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 238 No. 35.

D642.1. D642.1. Transformation to escape from captivity. Finnish: Kalevala rune 16; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Chinese: Werner 366.

D642.2. D642.2. Transformation to escape death. *Type 316.--Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 49 n. 2, 251 n. 4; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 146, *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 324.--N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 310 nn. 117a, 117b.; S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 120; Aztec: Alexander Lat. Am. 83; Eskimo (Greenland) Rasmussen II 211; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 247.

D642.3. D642.3. Transformation to escape lover. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 22 (Mitis), II 54 n. 1 (Psamathe), 67 n. 6 (Thetis); Chinese: Graham.

D642.3.1. D642.3.1. Pursued sweetheart becomes tree. (Cf. D215.)--Greek: Fox 181 (Daphne); India: Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian (Crow): Lowie PaAM XXV 45.

D642.4. D642.4. Transformation to escape ambush. Irish myth: *Cross.

D642.5. D642.5. Transformation to escape notice. Greek: Grote I 43; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D642.5.1. D642.5.1. Transformation to hide from ogress. India: Thompson-Balys.

D642.6. D642.6. Transformation to escape ogress. India: Thompson-Balys.

D642.7. D642.7. Transformation to elude pursuers. (Cf. D671, D672.) Jewish: Neuman.

D643. D643. Transformation so as to rescue.

D643.1. D643.1. Transformation to falcon in order to rescue condemned man at the gallows. India: Thompson-Balys.

D643.2. D643.2. Man transformed to deer decoy for people at execution of saint‘s friend. India: Thompson-Balys.

D644. D644. Transformation to travel fast. Icelandic: Boberg; N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 317, 323, 331; Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 516.

D645. D645. Transformation to test heroes. Irish myth: Cross.

D646. D646. Transformation to be picked up (caught). Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 262 No. 39.

D646.1. D646.1. Transformation to fish to be caught. Chinese: Werner 273, 363.

D646.2. D646.2. Transformation to child or pet to be adopted. N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 281 n. 42 (many of the references).

D647. D647. Transformation to seek lost (or unknown) person. India: Thompson-Balys.

D647.1. D647.1. Faithful brother transforms self to deer to seek sister. India: Thompson-Balys.

D647.2. D647.2. Transformation to eagle so as to scour country for lovely woman as bride for king. India: Thompson-Balys.

D651. D651. Transformation to defeat enemies. (Cf. D615.) Irish myth: Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 189; Middle English Romance: Wells 103 (Alliterative Alexander Fragment A); Icelandic: *Boberg; Greek: Fox 219 (Dionysus); India: *Thompson-Balys.

D651.1. D651.1. Transformation to kill enemy. India: *Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Aleut): Golder JAFL XVIII 220; S. A. Indian (Yuricare): Mйtraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 504, (Mundurucъ): Horton ibid. (3) 294, (Apapocuvб-Guaranн): Mйtraux RMLP XXXIII 238; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 278 n. 26, (Plains Ojibwa): Skinner JAFL XXXII 303 No. 7.

D651.1.1. D651.1.1. Transformation of magic object to animal which kills enemy. Irish myth: Cross.

D651.1.2. D651.1.2. Demons assume human form to revenge brother’s death. India: Thompson-Balys.

D651.1.3. D651.1.3. Queen transforms herself to defeat god of death. India: Thompson-Balys.

D651.2. D651.2. Transformation to frighten enemy. (Cf. D641.3.) Icelandic: Egils saga einhenda XII 9--10; India: Thompson-Balys; Ila (Rhodesia): Smith and Dale II 359 No. 12.

D651.3. D651.3. Transformation to destroy enemy’s property. Africa (Angola): Chatelain 245 No. 47.

D651.4. D651.4. Transformation to ant in order to gnaw bow-strings of enemy. *Charpentier Kleine Beitrдge 35 n. 3.

D651.5. D651.5. Transformation to spy enemy‘s camp. Icelandic: *Boberg; Korean Zong in-Sob.

D651.6. D651.6. Transformation so as to protect hero from enemy. India: Thompson-Balys.

D655. D655. Transformation to receive food. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 300 n. 100, 310 n. 117c.; S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 124f; Africa (Hottentot): Bleek 57 No. 25, (Angola): Chatelain 145 No. 15.

D655.1. D655.1. Transformation to buffalo so as to eat grass. Cheyenne: Campbell JAFL XXIX 407 No. 1.

D655.2. D655.2. Witch transforms self to animal (hare, pig) so as to suck cows. Kittredge Witchcraft 166, 484 nn. 21, 22; England, Ireland, U.S.: *Baughman.

D657. D657. Transformation to steal. (Cf. K300.)--Icelandic MacCulloch Eddic 54; Chinese: Werner 360f.; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 306 n. 109x, (Calif.): Gayton and Newman 63; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 220 No. 32.

D657.1. D657.1. Transformation to be put in food-bag. Cape Verde Islands: *Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 323.

D657.2. D657.2. Transformation to flying horse so as to abduct king. India: Thompson-Balys.

D657.3. D657.3. Transformation in order to steal fire. S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 7, (Choco): ibid. 112.

D658. D658. Transformation to seduce. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 319 n. 2. 395; India: Thompson-Balys.--N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 305 n. 109v.

D658.1. D658.1. Transformation to animal to seduce woman. *Krappe Йtudes 53ff.--Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 209 n. 2 (Europa), Fox 24, 33, 60, 166, 223; Hindu: Keith 76 (Prajapati); N. A. Indian (Iroquois): Alexander N. Am. 26; Am. Negro (Georgia): Harris Friends 81 No. 11, 91 No. 12; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 211, (Congo): Weeks 219 No. 14, (Fjort): Dennett 71 No. 15. Cf. Chinese: Werner 363.

D658.2. D658.2. Transformation to husband’s (lover‘s) form to seduce woman. *Penzer III 126f.; *Toldo Zs. f. Vksk. XV 367; *Frazer Apollodorus I 174 n. 1; *Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Betrьger ьberfьhrt”; Roscher Lexikon s.v. “Alkmene”; Euphorion I 589f.; Zachariae Zs. f. Vksk. XVI 138ff.; Wells 30 (Geoffrey of Monmouth), 32 (Layamon’s Brut), 43 (Arthour and Merlin), 103 (Alliterative Alexander, Fragment A).--Irish myth: *Cross, MacCulloch Celtic 52, 56, 63, 75; Welsh: ibid. 185; German: Boberg; Indonesian: DeVries‘s list No. 150.

D658.3. D658.3. Transformation of sex to seduce. Irish myth: *Cross; Danish: Boberg; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 49.

D658.3.1. D658.3.1. Transformation to seduce man. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Hindu: Keith 151.

D658.3.2. D658.3.2. Transformation of animal to woman to seduce man. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D658.3.2.1. D658.3.2.1. God as mare seduces stallion. Icelandic: De la Saussaye 261 (Loki); India: Thompson-Balys.

D658.3.3. D658.3.3. Seven girls in guise of seven parrots come to boy who has spurned them. India: Thompson-Balys.

D659. D659. Miscellaneous reasons for voluntary transformation.

D659.1. D659.1. Transformation to snakes at night in order to sleep. (Cf. D621.1.1.) Done by otherworld people.--New Britain: Dixon 117.

D659.2. D659.2. Transformation to animals to fight. (Cf. D615)--Icelandic: Boberg; Irish myth: *Cross; Persian: Carnoy 269; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 38.

D659.3. D659.3. Transformation to show displeasure. India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 94 No. 14.

D659.4. D659.4. Transformation to act as helpful animal.

D659.4.1. D659.4.1. Transformation to lion in order to guard palace. (Cf. D112.1, D621.1.)--Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 62 No. 451.

D659.4.2. D659.4.2. Sea dragon in serpent’s form to accompany hero. (Cf. D419.1.1, B11.)--Chinese: Werner 311.

D659.4.3. D659.4.3. Transformation to eagle to carry hero to safety. Africa (Hausa): Equilbecq II 171ff.

D659.4.4. D659.4.4. Transformation to eagle in order to guard princess. Icelandic: Boberg.

D659.5. D659.5. Transformation to obtain blessing. Irish myth: *Cross.

D659.6. D659.6. Transformation to friar to instruct mankind. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D659.7. D659.7. Transformation: wife to mistress. Transformed wife substitutes for husband‘s mistress.--Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D659.8. D659.8. Transformation to test fidelity. Irish myth: Cross.

D659.9. D659.9. Transformation to another form to persuade man to go to battle. Irish myth: Cross.

D659.10. D659.10. Transformation to lure hunters to certain place. Usually fairyland. Irish myth: *Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D659.11. D659.11. Transformation to recover stolen goods. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D659.12. D659.12. Transformation to tramp to escape recognition. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule. (Cf. D23.1.)

D659.13. D659.13. Transformation in order to drive buffaloes to milking. India: Thompson-Balys.

D659.14. D659.14. Transformation: woman to fly so as to help hero pick out weapons from among many. India: Thompson-Balys.

D660. D660. Motive for transformation of others.

D661. D661. Transformation as punishment. *Dh II 99ff., 123ff., III 284ff., 404ff., 426ff., IV 262; *Type 751A, 368*, 402*; *Fb “fisk” I 296b, “sten” III 553b, 554a; *BP III 168, 462; Kцhler-Bolte I 154; Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XXIX 69; Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 413.--Icelandic: *Boberg; Finnish: Kalevala rune 33; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 97 No. 836A*; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “amoureux”; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 313 No. 82; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 343 (Niobe), Fox 29 (Io); Jewish: Neuman; Tahiti: Dixon 65; Africa (Fjort): Dennett 89 No. 22, 105 No. 29.

D661.1. D661.1. Transformation as revenge for repulsing amorous advances. Irish myth: Cross.

D661.2. D661.2. Transformation as punishment for denouncing saint. Der Heiligen Leben und Leiden 100ff. (Santa Barbara).

D661.3. D661.3. Transformation for violation of vow. Greek: Grote I 162.

D662. D662. Transformation to cure inconstant husband. He falls in love with another woman: his wife changes him to negro. He then falls in love with negress: wife changes him to ass. He then falls in love with she-ass. Finally restored to his original form.--*Chauvin II 183 No. 23.

D663. D663. Transformation as reward. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D664. D664. Transformation of woman by goddess to preserve chastity. India: Thompson-Balys.

D665. D665. Transformation of enemy to be rid of him. Irish myth: *Cross.

D665.1. D665.1. Transformation of rival in love (marriage) to be rid of him. Irish myth: *Cross.

D665.2. D665.2. Transformation of stepchild to be rid of him. Irish myth: Cross.

D665.3. D665.3. Jealous co-wife transforms the other. India: Thompson-Balys.

D666. D666. Transformation to save a person. Icelandic: Hjбlmtиrs saga ok Цlvers 472, Boberg; Jewish: Neuman.

D666.1. D666.1. King of birds transforms his quails into sticks and pebbles so king and his hunters and hawks cannot kill them. India: Thompson-Balys.

D670. D670. Magic flight. Irish myth: Cross; *Krappe The Legend of Walther and Hildegund (Journal of English and Germanic Philology XXII [1923] 75--88).

D671. D671. Transformation flight. Fugitives transforms themselves in order to escape detection by the pursuer.--*Types 313, 325, 327; **Aarne Die magische Flucht (FFC XCII); *Fb “and” IV 12b, “rose” III 80a.--Irish myth: *Cross; English: Child V 499 s.v. “transformations”; Greek: Grote I 182; Jewish: Neuman; Arabian: Burton Nights V 353; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 75, 17 n. 1; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 327, 367, III 124, Rink 195, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 182; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 334 n. 205b; S. A. Indian (Sharanti, Comacan, Mashacalн): Horton BBAE CXLIII 3 294, (Mundurucu): Horton ibid. 3 281; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 274 No. 86.--Africa (Kaffir): Theal 98, (Zulu): Callaway 21, (Basuto): Jacottet 206 No. 30, Casalis Les Bassoutos (Paris 1859) 349.

D671.0.1. D671.0.1. Fugitive transforms self to stone. Thrown to safety by pursuer. Africa (Zulu): Held 144ff., (Bechuana): Brown, J. T. Among the Bantu Nomads (London, 1926) 181ff., (Northern Rhodesia): Worthington The Little Wise One (London, 1930) 135ff. No. 19, (Gan): Westermann Die Sprache der Guang (Berlin, 1922) 86f.

D671.0.2. D671.0.2. Fugitive transformed by helper to escape detection. Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Grote I 238.

D671.1. D671.1. Reversed transformation flight. Transformed pursuer. Koryak: Jochelson JE VI 363.

D672. D672. Obstacle flight. Fugitives throw objects behind them which magically become obstacles in pursuer’s path.--*Types 313, 314, 325, 327, 502; **Aarne Die Magische Flucht (FFC XCII); **BP II 140; Fb “hеr” I 771b, “flaske” I 309a, “hvidtorn” I 703a; *Wesselski Theorie 31; *Hdwb. d. Mдrch. I 151a; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. II 1655; Cosquin Йtudes 166, 193ff.--England, Scotland, U.S.: *Baughman; Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “objets”; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 304 No. 30; Icelandic: Boberg; Hungarian: Solymossy Hongaarsche Sagen (Zutphen, 1929) 403; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 11; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys, Penzer II 21, III 227 n. 1, 236ff., IX 151; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 234f.; Korean: Zong in-Sob 173f.; Japanese: Ikeda: Indonesian: Dixon 236 nn. 48, 49, DeVries Volksverhalen Nos. 16, 17, 63, 116; Philippine (Tinguian): *Cole 75, 17 n. 1; Marquesas: Handy 117; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 333 n. 205, (Yuchi): Speck UPa I 141 n. 5, Hatt Asiatic Influences 92ff.; S. A. Indian (Mundurucъ, Carajб): Lowie BBAE CXLIII (3) 55, (Amuesha): Mйtraux RMLP XXXIII 149; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 79, (Greenland): Rasmussen I 106; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 274 No. 86; Africa (Duala): Lederbogen Mдrchen 145, (Basuto): Jacottet 4 No. 1, 220 No. 32, (Mpongwe): Nassau 74 No. 15, (Kaffir): Theal 87; Frobenius Atlantis IV 220, V 308. Cf. Ceiuci: Alexander Lat. Am. 304.

D672.1. D672.1. Magic objects as decoy for pursuer. Date palms are dropped which are transformed into animals which the pursuer stops to pick up. S. A. Indian (Ceiuci): Alexander Lat. Am. 304.

D673. D673. Reversed obstacle flight. Magic obstacles raised in front of fugitive.--Type 450; BP III 205.--Arabic: A. Jahn Die Mehri-Sprache in Sьdarabien (Wien, 1902) 124 No. 28, D. H. Mьller Mehri und Hadrami-Texte (Wien, 1909) 99 No. 39, ibid. Mehri und Soquotri Sprache (Wien, 1905) II 99 No. 20.

D674. D674. Magic flight with the help of a he-goat. Speaking he-goat saves the girl promised to the devil. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *314B.

D675. D675. Sea turns to ice to permit flight. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 328, 367, III 124, 260, Rink 195, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 182.

D680. D680. Miscellaneous circumstances of transformation.

D681. D681. Gradual transformation. (Cf. D701.)--Kцhler-Bolte I 573.--Greek: Hahn Gr. and alb. Mдrchen No. 29; Russian: v. Lцwis of Menar Russische Mдrchen No. 29: Norwegian: Aasen Norske Minnestykke No. 62; India: Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 170 No. 32, (White Mountain Apache): Goddard PaAM XXIV 128, (Joshua): Farrand-Frachtenberg JAFL XXVIII 241 No. 20;--Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 85.

D682. D682. Partial transformation. Tobler 54, 59ff., 80; Jewish: Neuman.

D682.1. D682.1. Partial transformation: person with animal head. Hartland Science 198; India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 150, (Central Eskimo): Boas BAM XV 182, 253, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 49.

D682.2. D682.2. Partial transformation: person with animal hair. Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 168.

D682.3. D682.3. Partial transformation: animal with human mind. Irish myth: *Cross; Penzer VI 5 n. 1.

D682.3.1. D682.3.1. Animals in human form retain animal food and habits. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 456, Rasmussen III 73, (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 173, (Central Eskimo): Boas BAM XV 217.

D682.3.2. D682.3.2. Animal with human eyes. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D682.4. D682.4. Partial transformation--color changed. Irish myth: Cross.

D682.4.1. D682.4.1. Magic mantle changes color hourly. Irish myth: Cross.

D682.4.2. D682.4.2. “Spirit of poetry” as hideous youth becomes beautiful. Irish myth: *Cross.

D683. D683. Transformation by magician. Kittredge Witchcraft 184 n. 97; Irish myth: *Cross; See also all notes to D615.1.

D683.1. D683.1. Transformers. Demigods who transform things at will so that they assume present form. See all references for motifs A900--A999 for work of transformers. (Cf. D272.)--Marshall Islands: Davenport JAFL LXVI 222.

D683.2. D683.2. Transformation by witch (sorceress). *Types 403, 405, 410, 450, 451; *Kittredge Witchcraft 183f. nn. 91--96; *Fb “grime” I 484.--Irish myth: *Cross; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Greek: Fox 137 (Circe); Spanish: *Boggs FFC XC No. 449; India: Thompson-Balys.

D683.3. D683.3. Transformation by troll. Fb “trold” III 852b.

D683.4. D683.4. Transformation by saint. *Toldo Studien zur vgl. Littgsch. V 343; Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D683.5. D683.5. Transformation by god (goddess). Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D683.6. D683.6. Transformation by evil spirits. Irish myth: Cross.

D683.7. D683.7. Transformation by fairy. Irish myth: *Cross.

D683.7.1. D683.7.1. Transformation by offspring of fairy and mortal. Irish myth: Cross.

D683.8. D683.8. Transformation by angel (God). Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D683.9. D683.9. Transformation by druid. Irish myth: Cross.

D684. D684. Transformation by helpful animals. *Type 329.

D684.0.1. D684.0.1. Transformation by magic animal. Irish myth: Cross.

D686. D686. Transformed animal refuses to touch meat of that animal. Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 102 No. 84.

D686.1. D686.1. Person transformed to animal refuses human food. Will eat only food suitable for his enchanted form. Scottish: Campbell-McKay No. 1 and note.

D688. D688. Transformed mother suckles child. *Types 403, 450; BP I 79ff., 99ff.--India: Thompson-Balys; Jewish: Neuman; Japanese: Ikeda.--Africa (Bushman): Bleek and Lloyd 87, (Kaffir): Theal 61.

D688.1. D688.1. Transformed cow advises daughter. Chinese: Graham.

D691. D691. Daily beating of men transformed to dogs. Necessary unless hero himself is to be transformed.--Chauvin V 3 No. 2, *5 No. 443.

D692. D692. City’s inhabitants transformed to fish. Different classes to different colored fish.--Chauvin VI 57 No. 222 n. 3.

D693. D693. Man transformed to ass plays the lyre. *Type 430; *BP III 166.

D694. D694. Food left for transformed person. India: Thompson-Balys.

D695. D695. Man transformed to woman has children. Irish myth: Cross.

D696. D696. Transformation during sleep. Irish myth: Cross.

D697. D697. Magic object can transform self.

D697.1. D697.1. Magic loin cloth can transform itself into anything. India: Thompson-Balys.

D698. D698. Gods have power to transform themselves. Greek myth: passim; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 2, and chapt. 1 passim.

D699. D699. Additional transformation motifs.

D699.1. D699.1. Eyes of hero‘s buffalo friend turn into two powerful dogs that protect his wife. India: Thompson-Balys.


D700--D799. Disenchantment.

D700. D700. Person disenchanted. Types 314, 402, 434*, 442, 502; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. II 925 s.v. “Erlцsung”.--Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “mйtamorphose”; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 285, 356, 364.

D701. D701. Gradual disenchantment. (Cf. D617.)--*Type 307; Wimberly 381; Moe Samlede Skrifter I 52; German: Grimm Nos. 108, 121, 137; India: Thompson-Balys.

D702. D702. Partial disenchantment.

D702.1. D702.1. Disenchantment with missing member. While in transformation a person loses a bodily member. When disenchanted, he still lacks the member.--Many of the references to E33 may refer to this motif.

D702.1.1. D702.1.1. Cat‘s paw cut off: woman’s hand missing. A man spends a night in a haunted mill, where he cuts off a cat‘s paw. In the morning the miller’s wife has lost her hand. (Cf. D142, D621.1.1.)--*Taylor MPh XVII 59 n. 8; Tobler 43; Eng., Ire., U.S.: *Baughman; India: Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda.

D702.1.2. D702.1.2. Hog‘s forefoot cut off: woman’s hand missing. Scotland, U.S.: *Baughman.

D702.2. D702.2. Person restored to human form retains certain animal features. German: Grimm No. 49.

D705. D705. Place disenchanted.

D705.1. D705.1. Castle disenchanted. India: Thompson-Balys.

D710. D710. Disenchantment by rough treatment. Types 507A, 507C; India: Thompson-Balys; Irish myth: Cross.

D711. D711. Disenchantment by decapitation. *Types 314, 402, 425, 440, 441, 471, 506, 507, 531, 545A, 545B, 550, 708; *Fb “hoved” I 655a, “lшse” II 517a; **Kittredge JAFL XVIII 1; BP I 9, III 60; Hartland Science 241.--Irish myth: *Cross; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 17; French: Sйbillot France III 52, 140; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Fjort): Dennett 39 No. 5.

D711.1. D711.1. Disenchantment by decapitation and replacement of head. Type 531; Fb “hund” I 678a.

D711.1.1. D711.1.1. Head transferred from one man to another; second man‘s head in first man’s hand. Irish myth: Cross.

D711.2. D711.2. Disenchantment by cutting person in two. Type 506, 507, BP III 537; India: Thompson-Balys.

D711.3. D711.3. Disenchantment from bird by cutting off bill. Fb “nжb”.

D711.4. D711.4. Disenchantment from flower by breaking stalk. Type 407.--Lithuanian: Balys Index Nos. *368, 407; India: Thompson-Balys.

D711.4.1. D711.4.1. Disenchantment from flower by plucking it. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D711.5. D711.5. Disenchantment from leaf by breaking it from tree. Africa (Fjort): Dennett 42 No. 6.

D711.6. D711.6. Disenchantment from fruit by plucking it from tree. India: Thompson-Balys.

D712. D712. Disenchantment by violence.

D712.1. D712.1. Disenchantment by cutting off and reversing bodily members. (Cf. D711.1.)--Kittredge JAFL XVIII 13; Fb “flе”; Irish myth: Cross.

D712.1.1. D712.1.1. Disenchantment by cutting off animal’s limb. German: Grimm No. 57.

D712.1.2. D712.1.2. Disenchantment by cutting in two. India: Thompson-Balys.

D712.2. D712.2. Disenchantment by slinging against something. Type 440; Hartland Science 242.--Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 510; Chile: Pino Saavedra 402.

D712.2.1. D712.2.1. Disenchantment by throwing into fire. (Cf. E15.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D712.3. D712.3. Disenchantment by striking. Wimberly 343.--Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 57 No. 412; Missouri-French: Carriиre; Chinese: Werner 309; India: Thompson-Balys.

D712.3.1. D712.3.1. Disenchantment by striking with a missile. Irish myth: *Cross.

D712.3.2. D712.3.2. Disenchantment by throwing a stone. India: Thompson-Balys.

D712.3.3. D712.3.3. Disenchantment by throwing a flower. India: Thompson-Balys.

D712.4. D712.4. Disenchantment by drawing blood. *Fb “blod” IV 48a; Child I 178, 337 n.; Wimberly 342; *Jijena Sanchez 19f., 36.

D712.4.1. D712.4.1. Disenchantment by drinking blood. Child I 178, 337 n.; Wimberly 341.

D712.5. D712.5. Disenchantment by beating. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 348 n. 249a; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 187, (Ungava): Turner RBAE XI 265, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 630, (Labrador): Hawkes GSCan XIV 158, (Greenland): Rink 93, Rasmussen II 38, III 104.

D712.6. D712.6. Disenchantment by wounding. Kittredge JAFL XVIII 11; *Jijena Sanchez 35, 49; Chinese: Graham.

D712.7. D712.7. Disenchantment by shooting. Kittredge JAFL XVIII 11; Fb “and” IV 12b.--Africa (Mpongwe): Nassau 76 No. 15.

D712.8. D712.8. Disenchantment by ripping armor. Penzer Sigfrid 113.

D712.9. D712.9. Disenchantment by killing. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III

D712.9.1. D712.9.1. Lizard in human form killed; corpse is lizard. India: Thompson-Balys.

D712.10. D712.10. Disenchantment by driving stake through body. Irish myth: Cross.

D712.11. D712.11. Disenchantment by throwing objects at transformed person. India: Thompson-Balys.

D714. D714. Disenchantment by rubbing. French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL

D716. D716. Disenchantment by overcoming enchanted person in fight (contest). Type 406*; Hartland Science 243.

D717. D717. Disenchantment by assembling bones.

D717.1. D717.1. Disenchantment by laying collected bones in a seven-fold cloth and spreading another above it. India: Thompson-Balys.

D718. D718. Disenchantment by shaving. Fb “lшse” II 517a.

D719. D719. Disenchantment by rough treatment--miscellaneous.

D719.1. D719.1. Disenchantment by burying victim and sowing grain over him. Fb “levende” II 404ab.

D719.1.1. D719.1.1. Disenchantment through burial and revival. Chinese: Graham.

D719.2. D719.2. Girl destroys crab shape of husband and disenchants him permanently. India: Thompson-Balys.

D720. D720. Disenchantment by removing (destroying) covering of enchanted person.

D721. D721. Disenchantment by removing skin (or covering). See all references to D361.1, Swan Maiden.--Irish myth: *Cross: India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XX 299, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 51; Koryak: Jochelson JE VI 131, 156, 335; Africa (Pangwe): Tessman 368f.

D721.1. D721.1. Disenchantment by flaying. Fb “flе”; Kittredge JAFL XVIII 12.

D721.2. D721.2. Disenchantment by hiding skin (covering). When the enchanted person has temporarily removed the covering, it is stolen and the victim remains disenchanted until it is found. *Type 400; *Fb “sжlhund”.--Scandinavian: Krappe Scandinavian Studies XVIII (1944) 156--162; Slavic: Mбchal 258; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Surinam: Alexander Lat. Am. 274; Indonesian: DeVries’s list No. 151; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 146 No. 30, (Kaffir): Theal 38.

D721.3. D721.3. Disenchantment by destroying skin (covering). *Type 425, 430, 440, 441; Kцhler-Bolte I *319, 511; *Chauvin VII 37 No. 212B.--Icelandic: *Boberg; Turkish: Giese Tьrkische Mдrchen (Jena 1925) 120; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Korean: Zong in-Sob 177.--Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 89, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 55, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 224; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 347 n. 249; S. A. Indian: Jijena Sanchez 23; Africa: Frobenius Atlantis IV 69, 287.

D721.4. D721.4. Disenchantment by holding temporarily disenchanted person. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D721.5. D721.5. Disenchantment from fruit (flower) by opening it. Type 408; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D722. D722. Disenchantment by taking off bridle. Man transformed to horse (ass) thus released.--See references in D535.--*Type 325; *BP II 67; Chauvin V 150 No. 73.--French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 17; Missouri French: Carriиre; India: Thompson-Balys.

D723. D723. Disenchantment by putting on (removing) chain from neck.

D723.1. D723.1. Disenchantment by putting chain around neck. See all references to D536.1.

D723.2. D723.2. Disenchantment by removing chain from neck. French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 17; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D723.2.1. D723.2.1. Disenchantment by removing string from neck. India: Thompson-Balys.

D730. D730. Disenchantment by submission. The helper must submit to the will of the enchanted person. Icelandic: Hjбlmthиrs saga ok Цlvis 510, 515; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 17.

D731. D731. Disenchantment by obedience and kindness. *Type 431.

D732. D732. Loathly Lady. Man disenchants loathsome woman by embracing her.--Maynadier The Wife of Bath’s Tale; Taylor Washington Univ. Studies IV (2) (1917) 177 n. 9; Vogt MLN XXXVII 339; Coomaraswamy On the Loathly Bride (Speculum 1945, 391ff.); Krappe Philological Quarterly XXVI 352ff.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.--Ila (Rhodesia): Smith and Dale II 404 No. 1; India: Thompson-Balys.

D732.1. D732.1. Disenchantment of girl by carrying her on back. Hartland Science 237, 243.

D733. D733. Loathly bridegroom. Woman disenchants loathsome man by embracing him.--India: *Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 16; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 329 n. 188; S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 44, 87.

D733.1. D733.1. Hairy anchorite. Beast-like man seduced by beautiful woman becomes human and handsome.--*C. A. Williams Oriental Affinities of the Legend of the Hairy Anchorite (U. of Illinois, 1925) 15; Gaster Oldest Stories 43.

D733.2. D733.2. Swine bridegroom. Bride disenchants him by her love. He returns to original form. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D733.3. D733.3. Loathly husband a god in disguise. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 648.

D734. D734. Disenchantment of animal by admission to woman‘s bed. *BP I 9; Type 440; Fb “lшse” II 517a.--English: Child I 298, II 502b, IV 454a, V 213a, 215b; Indonesian: Dixon 210; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 63, 321, 327.

D735. D735. Disenchantment by kiss. *Type 410; BP I 9, II 236 n., 271, 561; Wimberly 335ff.; Hartland Science 238 f., 241; Taylor Washington Univ. Studies IV (2) (1917) 177 n. 9; Klapper 112.--Irish myth: *Cross; English: Child I 306ff., Icelandic: Sveinsson FFC LXXXIII xxxv, *Boberg; France: Sйbillot France I 244, III 291; India: *Thompson-Balys; Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 247 No. 29; Africa: Frobenius Atlantis I 108.

D735.1. D735.1. Beauty and the beast. Disenchantment of animal by being kissed by woman (man).--*Type 402, 425, 433A, 440; Fb “kys”; Dickson 55 nn. 70, 72; Tobler 53; Zs. f. Vksk. XIV 245; Studien zur vgl. Littgsch. II 360, 472 n. 4.--English: Child V 486 s.v. “kiss”; Chile: Pino Saavedra 404f.; India: Cowell Jataka V 141; Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 303; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 38.

D735.2. D735.2. Three redeeming kisses. (Die weisse Frau.) A woman can be disenchanted from animal form if man will kiss her three times, each time when she is in the form of a different terrifying animal.--Tobler 69; **M. Waehler Die weisse Frau (Erfurt 1931); *Hdwb. d. Abergl. II 928.--Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 298 No. 3, 307 No. 24, 314 No. 103, 322 No. 93, 325 No. 3, 329 No. 32; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3592.

D735.3. D735.3. Disenchantment from tree form by embrace of lover. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 262 n. 2 (Demophon and Phyllis).

D735.4. D735.4. Disenchantment by enduring animal‘s embrace.

D735.4.1. D735.4.1. Girl disenchants animal husband by enduring his embraces without fear. Africa (Bantu): Theal Zambesi 279ff.

D735.4.2. D735.4.2. Son disenchants animal father by enduring his caresses without fear. Africa (Suto): Hoffman Zs. f. Eingeborenen-Spr. XXII 172 No. 11.

D741. D741. Disenchantment of monster when prince promises to marry the monster’s mother. The prince imagines falsely that the mother is also a monster.--Type 708.

D741.1. D741.1. Disenchantment of monster when his mother acknowledges him as son. Type 708. Cf. Hupa: Goddard UCal I 147.

D741.2. D741.2. Disenchantment of monster child when baptized. *Hibbard 45ff. (King of Tars).

D742. D742. Disenchantment by promise to marry. Lithuanian: Balys Historical.

D743. D743. Disenchantment by sexual intercourse. Man disenchants woman in form of a bear. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D745. D745. Disenchantment by feeding enchanted animals. Fb “lшse” II 517a.

D750. D750. Disenchantment by faithfulness of others. Irish myth: Cross.

D753. D753. Disenchantment by accomplishment of tasks. Type 518; Irish myth: Cross; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *422; Prussian: Plenzat 21; Rumanian: Schullerus FFC LXXVIII No. 308*; Hungarian: Honti FFC LXXXI No. 4011.

D753.1. D753.1. Disenchantment by sewing shirts for enchanted brothers. *Type 451; Fb “skjorte” III 268b.

D753.2. D753.2. Disenchantment of another by weeping jug of tears. Italian: Basile introduction.

D753.3. D753.3. Disenchantment by obeying directions received in a dream. Lithuanian: Balys Historical.

D753.4. D753.4. Disenchantment by climbing glass mountain. German: Grimm No. 93.

D754. D754. Disenchantment by serving transformed person. German: Grimm No. 106.

D755. D755. Disenchantment of long absent spouse by faithfulness of partner. India: Thompson-Balys.

D757. D757. Disenchantment by holding enchanted person during successive transformations. *Types 403, 450; *MacCulloch Childhood 45; Hartland Science 242.--Greek: Fox 122 (Thetis); English: Child V 499 s.v. “transformation, successive”; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 326.--See also, in general, references to D610.

D758. D758. Disenchantment by maintaining silence. *Type 451; Hartland Science 242.

D758.1. D758.1. Disenchantment by three nights‘ silence under punishment. *Type 400; cf. Type 307; *BP II 330; *Fb “tie” III 792a; Hartland Science 246.

D758.2. D758.2. Disenchantment by maintaining silence for a year or more. German: Grimm Nos. 9, 49, 137.

D759. D759. Disenchantment by faithfulness of others--miscellaneous.

D759.1. D759.1. Disenchantment by taking key from serpent’s mouth at midnight. The disenchanter is to take the key (three keys) from the mouth of the woman in serpent form with his own mouth.--Hartland Science 240; Tobler Epiphanie der Seele 74.

D759.2. D759.2. Disenchantment from bird when queen milks own milk into bird‘s beak. (Cf. D764.1.)--Fb “trane”.

D759.3. D759.3. Disenchantment by naked virgin undergoing frightful journey at midnight. She must come naked and alone on St. John’s night between twelve and one, climb the castle walls, and enter the treasure chamber.--Hartland Science 236.

D759.4. D759.4. Disenchantment if twelve men will not leave castle for a year. Hartland Science 246.

D759.5. D759.5. Disenchantment by following enchanted woman through lake to underwater castle. Hartland Science 241.

D759.6. D759.6. Disenchantment by maidens walking with lighted candles in procession. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 59 No. 425*D.

D759.7. D759.7. Disenchantment by maiden sitting at head of enchanted king‘s bed on morning of St. John’s day.--Spanish: Boggs FFC XC No. 445B.

D759.8. D759.8. Snake disenchanted by being allowed to wrap itself three times around person‘s neck. Tobler 21.

D759.9. D759.9. Failure to disenchant by not watching sleeping princess long enough. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *422B.

D759.10. D759.10. Three soldiers in the enchanted manor. Curiosity overcoming them they forfeit the power of disenchanting the princesses. Seven seven-year-old boys break the spell and save the princess. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *422B.

D760. D760. Disenchantment by miscellaneous means.

D762. D762. Disenchantment by proper person waking from magic sleep. The enchanted person appears three times and if the sleeper does not wake by the third time the enchantment must last.--*Type 403, 450; Cosquin 166f., 170.--Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 61 No. 445A; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *422A; Russian: Andrejev No. *400B.

D762.1. D762.1. Disenchantment by causing enchanted person to speak. Lithuanian: Balys Historical.

D762.2. D762.2. Disenchantment by being wakened from magic sleep by proper agent. German: Grimm Nos. 50, 163.

D763. D763. Disenchantment by destroying enchanter. Chauvin VI 88 No. 252.--Irish myth: Cross; Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 28, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 325.

D763.1. D763.1. Disenchantment by eating enchanter’s heart. Fb “lшse” II 517a.--Penobscot (European borrowing): Speck JAFL XXVIII 58 No. 4; India: Thompson-Balys.

D763.2. D763.2. Disenchantment by defeating enchanter in single combat. Irish myth: Cross.

D764. D764. Disenchantment by eating or drinking. Irish myth: Cross.

D764.1. D764.1. Disenchantment by drinking milk of queen who has borne two boys. (Cf. D759.2.)--*Fb “lшse” II 517a.

D764.2. D764.2. Disenchantment by biting certain twig. *Hdwb. d. Mдrchens sv. “Baum”.

D764.3. D764.3. Disenchantment by eating certain salmon. Irish myth: Cross.

D764.4. D764.4. Disenchantment by eating apple. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D764.5. D764.5. Disenchantment by eating whale meat. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 327.

D764.6. D764.6. Disenchantment by eating certain plant. German: Grimm No. 122; Apulejus Golden Ass.

D764.7. D764.7. Disenchantment by refusing to eat for three days. German: Grimm No. 93.

D764.8. D764.8. Disenchantment by eating head of serpent. Jewish: Neuman.

D765. D765. Disenchantment by reversing (undoing) enchantment.

D765.1. D765.1. Disenchantment by removing cause of enchantment.

D765.1.1. D765.1.1. Disenchantment by removal of enchanting pill from mouth. (Cf. D551.4.1.)--Penzer VII 42 n. 1, 222.

D765.1.1.1. D765.1.1.1. Disenchantment by removing ring from under dead girl‘s tongue. Lover is thus freed from loving her. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D765.1.2. D765.1.2. Disenchantment by removal of enchanting pin (thorn). (Cf. D582.)--Fb “lшse” II 517a.--Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 59, 62 Nos. 435, 449; Missouri-French: Carriиre; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D765.2. D765.2. Disenchantment by untying enchanting knot. Fb “knude” II 228.

D766. D766. Disenchantment by liquid.

D766.1. D766.1. Disenchantment by bathing (immersing) in water. Type 433B; Taylor Washington Univ. Studies IV (2) (1917) 176 n. 8; Wimberly 388; Child I 308, 338 n., II 505, III 505, V 39f.--India: *Thompson-Balys.

D766.1.1. D766.1.1. Disenchantment by water and command. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D766.1.2. D766.1.2. Disenchantment by touching water. India: Thompson-Balys.

D766.1.3. D766.1.3. Disenchantment by pouring water into ear. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 40.

D766.2. D766.2. Disenchantment by application of blood. (Cf. D712.4, D712.4.1).--*Type 516; *Rцsch FFC LXXVII 138; *Fb “blod” IV 46b, 47a; Child I 337 n.; Penzer I 97; Wesselski Mцnchslatein 148 No. 119.--Irish myth: *Cross; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 53 No. 400A*; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D766.2.1. D766.2.1. Disenchantment by rubbing with pig’s blood. Irish myth: Cross.

D766.3. D766.3. Disenchantment by tears. *Type 425.--Africa (Angola): Chatelain 35 No. 1.

D766.4. D766.4. Disenchantment by bathing in milk. Wimberly 372; Type 433B and 507 (Danish forms); India: Thompson-Balys.

D771. D771. Disenchantment by use of magic object.

D771.1. D771.1. Disenchantment by burning magic hair. Kцhler-Bolte I 573.

D771.2. D771.2. Disenchantment by rubbing with magic grease. Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 219 No. 73; Greek Odyssey 10 line 394.

D771.3. D771.3. Disenchantment by using powder. Chauvin VI 8 No. 273.

D771.4. D771.4. Disenchantment by using wand. MacCulloch Childhood 205; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D771.5. D771.5. Disenchantment by drinking from golden vessel. Irish myth: Cross.

D771.6. D771.6. Disenchantment by medicine. India: Thompson-Balys.

D771.7. D771.7. Disenchantment by rosary or scapular. Lithuanian: Balys Historical.

D771.8. D771.8. Disenchantment and transformation by means of a magic sword. India: Thompson-Balys.

D771.9. D771.9. Disenchantment by sprinkling consecrated rice. India: Thompson-Balys.

D771.10. D771.10. Disenchantment by ring. German: Grimm No. 123.

D771.11. D771.11. Disenchantment by flower. German: Grimm No. 69.

D771.12. D771.12. Disenchantment by use of crystal ball. German: Grimm No. 196.

D772. D772. Disenchantment by naming. Wimberly 345; *Fb “varulv” III 1015a.

D772.1. D772.1. Disenchantment by recognition. German: Grimm Nos. 62, 160.

D775. D775. Disenchantment by feeding transformed creature. This is done contrary to commands.--Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 130 No. 72.

D777. D777. Disenchantment by placing handkerchief between horns. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “mouchoir”.

D777.1. D777.1. Disenchantment by covering with cloth. German: Grimm No. 76; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D778. D778. Disenchantment by blowing on victim. Chauvin V 236 No. 134; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 105.

D778.1. D778.1. Disenchantment from berry by blowing on it. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *702.

D778.2. D778.2. Disenchantment by blowing medicine on victim. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D781. D781. Disenchantment by prayer (mass) of Pope. Meyer Zs. f. Vksk. XXI 4.

D781.1. D781.1. Disenchantment by blessing. German: Grimm No. 141.

D782. D782. Disenchantment by physical contact. Kittredge Gawain 205f., 216f.--Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 70 No. 535; Irish myth: Cross; German: Grimm No. 49, 56, 60, 76, 96.

D782.1. D782.1. Disenchantment by touch of holy man. India: Thompson-Balys.

D782.2. D782.2. Disenchantment by touching earth. India: Thompson-Balys.

D783. D783. Disenchantment by being found when lost. Type 451.

D784. D784. Disenchantment by lighting fire. Type 727*.

D785. D785. Disenchantment by magic contest. Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 330.

D785.1. D785.1. Disenchantment produced by hero winning series of contests with seven demons. India: Thompson-Balys.

D786. D786. Disenchantment by music. Wimberly 332.

D786.1. D786.1. Disenchantment by song. Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 63; Africa (Swazi): Bourhill and Drake 212ff. No. 18.

D787. D787. Disenchantment by encircling. Wimberly 363.

D788. D788. Disenchantment by sign of cross. (Cf. D1766.6.) Wimberly 367.

D789. D789. Other means of disenchantment.

D789.1. D789.1. Disenchantment by covering with deliverer‘s clothing. Wimberly 390.

D789.2. D789.2. Disenchantment by breaking lamp. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 54 No. 400B*.

D789.3. D789.3. Disenchantment by sight of old home.

D789.3.1. D789.3.1. Frog-woman disenchanted by sight of water. Hindu: Keith 147.

D789.4. D789.4. Disenchantment by breaking tabu. (Cf. C.)--Hindu: Keith 147.

D789.5. D789.5. Disenchantment by throwing golden objects into water. German: Grimm No. 181.

D789.6. D789.6. Disenchantment by repeating magic formula. South Africa: Bourhill and Drake 237ff. No. 20.

D789.6.1. D789.6.1. Disenchantment by speaking proper words. Lithuanian: Balys Historical.

D789.7. D789.7. Disenchantment by shaking certain tree. Irish myth: Cross.

D789.8. D789.8. Disenchantment of enchanted (sunken) castle (town, inhabitants) by digging it out. Lithuanian: Balys Historical.

D789.9. D789.9. Girl disenchants her tiger-husband by putting a garland around his neck, sprinkling sand and water over him. India: Thompson-Balys.

D789.10. D789.10. Disenchantment by ringing bell. Korean: Zong in-Sob 97.

D790. D790. Attendant circumstances of disenchantment.

D791. D791. Disenchantment possible under unique conditions. Only one combination of time place and person will serve.--For many of these combinations see Hartland Science 240, 244, 248.--Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3593.

D791.1. D791.1. Disenchantment at end of specified time. Irish myth: *Cross; *Jijena Sanchez 35, 36, 68, 70.

D791.1.1. D791.1.1. Disenchantment at end of seven years. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC No. 453.

D791.1.2. D791.1.2. Disenchantment when superhuman task is finished. Enchanted person appears every seven years in human form and puts one stitch in a smock. When it is finished, she will be delivered. Hartland Science 240.

D791.1.3. D791.1.3. The deliverer in the cradle. Enchanted person can be delivered by child rocked in a cradle made from an oak sapling after it has grown great. **Ranke Der Erlцser in der Wiege; Hartland Science 244f; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 80.

D791.1.4. D791.1.4. Disenchantment at end of two hundred years. Irish myth: Cross.

D791.1.5. D791.1.5. Disenchantment at end of nine hundred years. Irish myth: Cross.

D791.1.6. D791.1.6. Disenchantment possible at the end of seven hundred years. Lithuanian: Balys Historical.

D791.1.7. D791.1.7. Disenchantment at cock crow. Jijena Sanchez 38, 55.

D791.1.8. D791.1.8. Disenchantment at midnight after owl hoots three times. German: Grimm No. 179.

D791.2. D791.2. Disenchantment by only one person.

D791.2.1. D791.2.1. Disenchantment of girl only by lover. BP II 125.

D791.2.2. D791.2.2. Disenchantment can be done by wife. India: Thompson-Balys.

D791.2.2.1. D791.2.2.1. Disenchantment promised if girl may marry transformed man. India: Thompson-Balys.

D791.3. D791.3. Disenchantment fails because conditions are not fulfilled. Lithuanian: Balys Historical.

D791.4. D791.4. Disenchantment by finding key to enchanted castle. Lithuanian: Balys Historical.

D792. D792. Transformed mother called by her child. Comes and is rescued.--Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 333.

D793. D793. Disenchantment made permanent.

D793.1. D793.1. Disenchantment made permanent by holding to a hair. Italian: Basile I No. 2.

D793.2. D793.2. Disenchantment made permanent by burning cast-off skin. Cf. D721.3.

D794. D794. Enchanted person attracts attention of rescuer.

D794.1. D794.1. Enchanted person attracts attention by dancing. South Africa: Bourhill and Drake 237ff. No. 20.

D795. D795. Maiden disenchanted, deserted, and refound. *BP II 325.

D796. D796. Divine beings assume their own shape in sleep. Penzer III 92 n. 2, VIII 25 n. 2.

D797. D797. Disenchantment as proof of truth. The prodigy convinces judge that witness is speaking truth. India: Thompson-Balys.

D798. D798. Disenchantment by passing between human being’s legs. Argentina, Paraguay: Jijena Sanchez 45.

D799. D799. Disenchantment by other means. Irish myth: Cross.

D799.1. D799.1. Children disenchanted after long period are aged. Irish myth: Cross.

D799.2. D799.2. Valley disenchanted rises to level of surroundings. Irish myth: Cross.

D799.3. D799.3. Attendants of disenchanted person automatically disenchanted. German: Grimm Nos. 50, 106, 127, 169, 179.




D800--D899. Ownership of magic objects.

D800. D800. Magic object. *Toldo Studien zur vgl. Littgsch. VIII 60ff.; *Siuts 89ff.; *Penzer I 25ff., V 3 n 1, IX 142; *Tibbals “Elements of Magic in the Romance of William of Palerne” MPh I (1903) 355 ff.; *Easter A Study of Magic Elements in the Romans d‘Aventure (Dissertation, Baltimore 1906).

D801. D801. Ownership of magic object. Irish myth: Cross.

D801.1. D801.1. Magic objects possessed by witch, sorcerer or evil dwarf. (Cf. F451.7, G234, D1711.) German: Grimm Nos. 53, 56, 60, 191.

D803. D803. Magic objects created by deity.

D803.1. D803.1. Magic objects created by God on sixth day. (Cf. A0). Jewish: Neuman.

D804. D804. Ineffable name written on object renders it magic. (Cf. C431.) Jewish: Neuman.

D805. D805. Magic object to be used only in extreme need. Italian: Basile introduction.

D806. D806. Magic object effective only when exact instructions for its use are followed.

D806.1. D806.1. Magic object effective when struck on ground once only. Second blow renders useless. Africa (Bulu): Krug JAFL XXV 113 No. 9.

D806.2. D806.2. Magic charm (formula) used injudiciously brings death to owner’s wife, children, himself. India: Thompson-Balys.



D810. D810. Magic object a gift. *BP I 361; *Aarne JSFO XXVII 1--96.--Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D811. D811. Magic object received from God (a god). *Toldo IX 451ff.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Цrvar-Odds saga 138--41, Boberg; Finnish: Kalevala rune 36; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “baguette”; Greek: Fox 40, *Grote I 88.

D811.1. D811.1. Magic object received from goddess. Hartland Perseus III 109; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D811.2. D811.2. Magic object falls down from the heaven. India: Thompson-Balys.

D811.2.1. D811.2.1. Magic needle and thread fall from heaven as result of prayer. (Cf. D1766.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D812. D812. Magic object received from supernatural being. Japanese: Ikeda.

D812.1. D812.1. Magic object received from saint. BP I 361.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 15f.; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 25, 50.

D812.2. D812.2. Magic object received from demigod. Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 18.

D812.3. D812.3. Magic object received from devil. *Aarne MSFO XXV 39.--Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “baguette”; Hindu: Penzer IX 45 n. 1.

D812.4. D812.4. Magic object received from ghost. *Aarne MSFO XXV 39; *Chauvin V 78 No. 22 n. 1.--Icelandic: *Boberg; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 25; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 47, 211.

D812.4.1. D812.4.1. Magic object received from the dead in lower world. Africa (Cameroons): Mansfeld 229f. No. 16, (Ekoi): Talbot 46.

D812.4.2. D812.4.2. Magic object acquired as reward for burial of the dead. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D812.5. D812.5. Magic object received from genie. *Type 561; *BP II 547.--India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 109.

N813. Helpful genie.

D812.5.1. D812.5.1. Magic object received from temple demons. Chinese: Graham.

D812.6. D812.6. Magic object received from witch or wizard. Type 576*****, 576***.

G284. Witch as helper.

D812.7. D812.7. Magic object received from dragon king. Japanese: Anesaki 315.

D812.8. D812.8. Magic object received from lady in dream. (Cf. D825.)--Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Baum”; BP II 544.--Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Fox 40; India: Thompson-Balys.

D825. D825. Magic object received from maiden.

D812.8.1. D812.8.1. Magic object received from giantess in dream. Norse: *Boberg.

D812.8.2. D812.8.2. Magic object received from man in dream. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D812.9. D812.9. Magic object received from wild man. Italian: Basile I No. 1.

D812.10. D812.10. Magic object received from angel. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D812.10.0.1. D812.10.0.1. Angel reveals location of magic object. Irish myth: Cross.

D812.11. D812.11. Magic object received from giant. Icelandic: *Boberg; Irish myth: *Cross.

D812.12. D812.12. Magic object received from dwarf. Icelandic: *Boberg; German: Grimm Nos. 28, 64, 91, 97, 165.

D812.12.1. D812.12.1. Magic sword received from dwarf in dream. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D812.13. D812.13. Magic objects gifts of magician. India: Thompson-Balys.

D812.14. D812.14. Magic object received from ascetic. India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 849, II 210, 656.

D812.15. D812.15. Magic object received from maiden-spirit. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D813. D813. Magic object received from fairy. *Type 510.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “baguette”; Missouri French: Carriиre.

D813.1. D813.1. Magic object received from river-nymph. Hartland Perseus III 109.

D813.1.1. D813.1.1. Magic sword received from Lady of Lake. (Cf. D878.1.)--Irish myth: *Cross; English: Wells 50 (Le Morte Arthur); Indo-Chinese: Scott Indo-Chinese 303.

D813.1.2. D813.1.2. Magic cauldron received from lake spirit. (Cf. D1171.2.)--Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 100.

D813.2. D813.2. Magic object received from grateful fairy. Hero has cured sick fairy by making her laugh. English: Baughman; Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D813.3. D813.3. Magic object received from maiden in otherworld island. Irish myth: Cross.

D814. D814. Magic objects received from sun, moon, and stars, etc. Kцhler-Bolte I 188.

D814.1. D814.1. Magic object received from wind. German: Grimm No. 88.

D815. D815. Magic object received from relative.

D815.1. D815.1. Magic object received from mother. (Cf. D842.)--*Type 510; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 301, Boberg; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 145.

D815.2. D815.2. Magic object received from father. Hartland Perseus III 199.--Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 308 (Tyrfing), *Boberg.

D815.3. D815.3. Magic object received from godmother. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “baguette”; Missouri French: Carriиre.

D815.4. D815.4. Magic object received from sister. Hartland Perseus III 199; Icelandic: Boberg.

D815.5. D815.5. Magic object received from father-in-law. Hartland Perseus III 199.

D815.6. D815.6. Magic object received from daughter. Icelandic: Boberg.

D815.7. D815.7. Magic object received from foster-parents. Icelandic: Boberg.

D815.7.1. D815.7.1. Magic object received from girl‘s foster-mother. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D815.8. D815.8. Magic object received from wife. German: Grimm No. 92.

D816. D816. Magic object inherited. MacCulloch Childhood 376; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D817. D817. Magic object received from grateful person. *Type 560; *Aarne MSFO XXV 40; BP II 39.--Icelandic: *Boberg; Missouri French: Carriиre; N. A. Indian (Malecite, Penobscot): Thompson CColl II 411ff. (European borrowings).

D817.1. D817.1. Magic object received from man in return for rescue of child. *Types 560, 611; Aarne MSFO XXV 38--56 passim; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D817.1.1. D817.1.1. Magic object received from dwarf in return for rescue of child or kindness to child. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D817.1.2. D817.1.2. Magic object received from grateful father of redeemed snake. India: Thompson-Balys.

D817.2. D817.2. Magic object received in return for being shaved. India: Thompson-Balys.

D818. D818. Magic object received from astrologer. Irish myth: Cross.

D818.1. D818.1. Magic object received from magician. India: Thompson-Balys.

D821. D821. Magic object received from old woman. Hartland Perseus III 199.--Italian Novella: Rotunda; Missouri French: Carriиre; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 123.

D822. D822. Magic object received from old man. Hartland Perseus III 199.--Icelandic: *Boberg; U.S.: Baughman.

D823. D823. Magic object received from huntsman.

D823.1. D823.1. Magic object received from green-clad huntsman. Type 304.

D825. D825. Magic object received from maiden. Hartland Perseus III 199.--Icelandic: *Boberg; Irish myth: Cross.

D825.1. D825.1. Magic object received from cat-woman; i.e. woman transformed intermittently to cat.--French: Cosquin No. 11; N. A. Indian: Thompson CColl II 400f.

D826. D826. Magic object received from monster.

D826.1. D826.1. Magic object vomited by conquered monster. India: Thompson-Balys.

D827. D827. Magic object received through particular intermediaries. Only one person can help secure it.--*Chauvin V 59 No. 19 n. 1.

D828. D828. Magic object received from child. Type 425.

D829. D829. Acquisition of magic object--miscellaneous.

D829.1. D829.1. Magic object received by apprentice from master. German: Grimm Nos 36, 111, 129.

D830. D830. Magic object acquired by trickery. *Chauvin VII 38 No. 212B; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 268; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 289.

D830.1. D830.1. Attempt to learn about magic object by spying. Chinese: Graham.

D831. D831. Magic object acquired by trick exchange. By means of second magic object hero recovers first. (Often mixed with D832).--*Types 302, 400, 507, 569; BP I 464; Penzer I 25ff.--India: *Thompson-Balys; Indonesian: DeVries Volksverhalen Nos. 3, 104.

D832. D832. Magic objects acquired by acting as umpire for fighting heirs. When hero gets hold of objects he refuses to return it.--*Types 400, 518; *BP II 331ff.; Cosquin Indiens 371ff.; Saintyves Perrault 287ff.; Hdwb. d. Mдrchens I 97.--Icelandic: Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys; Indonesian: DeVries Volksverhalen No. 104; Chinese: Chavannes 500 Contes III 259 No. 470; Africa: Frobenius Atlantis II 113, 175, III 336, IV 110.

D833. D833. Magic object acquired by tricking giant. Giant is persuaded to give the objects to the hero. (Cf. D831, where the person tricked is often a giant.)--Type 328.

D834. D834. Magic object acquired by tricking devil. Man gets shelter in storm; devil gets wet. Devil gives man magic object in return for information as to how he kept dry.--Kцhler-Bolte I 416.

D835. D835. Magic object acquired through trickery: child forced to cry till object is given. Icelandic: Egils saga ok Asm., ch. XIV 10, Boberg.

D836. D836. Magic object acquired by exchanging letters. (Cf. K511). India: Thompson-Balys.

D837. D837. Magic object acquired through foolish bargain. Type 590.--N. A. Indian (Micmac) (European borrowing): Thompson CColl II 412.

D838. D838. Magic object acquired by stealing. Types 576******, 581*; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Missouri French: Carriиre; India: Thompson-Balys.

D838.1. D838.1. Stolen objects powerful in magic. *Fb “stjжle” III 576a, “tigge” III 793b.; India: Thompson-Balys.

D838.2. D838.2. Magic object taken from ogre‘s house. Hartland Perseus III 201; Icelandic: *Boberg; Japanese: Ikeda; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D838.3. D838.3. Magic object stolen in Thor’s temple. Icelandic: Sturlaugs saga 617--31, Boberg.

D838.4. D838.4. Magic object taken in the serpents‘ country. Icelandic: FSS 69--79, Boberg.

D838.5. D838.5. Magic object taken from barrow. (Cf. E461.1, F352.)--Icelandic: *Boberg.

D838.6. D838.6. Magic object stolen from giant. (Cf.F531.6.7.3.)--Icelandic: *Boberg.

D838.7. D838.7. Magic armor stolen from dwarf by giant. Icelandic: Boberg.

D838.8. D838.8. Magic helmet taken directly from bystander. Icelandic: Boberg.

D838.9. D838.9. Boy overhears witches’ conversation about magic objects, which he gets possession of. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *613A.

D838.10. D838.10. Prince procures magic object from bathing fairy when he steals her clothes. India: Thompson-Balys.

D838.11. D838.11. Man poisons couple, owners of magic gong, and gains possession of it. India: Thompson-Balys.

D838.12. D838.12. Magic object taken from dead enemy. German: Grimm No. 166.

D838.13. D838.13. Magic object stolen at night. Korean: Zong in-Sob 28 No. 12.

D839. D839. Magic object acquired by trickery--miscellaneous.

D839.1. D839.1. Magic root acquired by tricking mother bird into searching for it in order to disentangle her young. India: Thompson-Balys.

D839.2. D839.2. Fairy dun acquired by tricking owner. Irish myth: Cross.

D840. D840. Magic object found. Types 561, 590; Hartland Perseus III 201; India: Thompson-Balys.

D841. D841. Magic object accidentally found. German: Grimm No. 122; Chinese-Persian: *Coyajee JPASB XXIV 197.

D842. D842. Magic object found on grave.

D842.1. D842.1. Magic object found on mother‘s grave. (Cf. D815.1.)--Type 510; Saintyves Perrault 41; Cox 477.

D842.2. D842.2. Magic object found on father‘s grave. Type 314.

D842.3. D842.3. Magic object found on grave of slain helpful animal. Cox 477; Saintyves Perrault 37; Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Baum”.--Japanese: Ikeda.

D845. D845. Magic object found in underground room. Type 562.--India: Thompson-Balys.

D845.1. D845.1. Magic object found in giant’s cave. Icelandic: Boberg.

D846. D846. Magic object found in magic castle. *BP III 113 n. 4.

D846.1. D846.1. Golden cot found in magic castle. India: Thompson-Balys.

D847. D847. Magic object found in chimney. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “cheminйe”.

D848. D848. Magic object dug from ground. Hartland Perseus III 201f.--Korean: Zong in-Sob 43.

D849. D849. Magic object found--miscellaneous.

D849.1. D849.1. Magic object found in fort. Chinese: Werner 312.

D849.2. D849.2. Magic object pointed out by bird. *Norlind: Skattsдgner 19ff., 29ff.

D849.3. D849.3. Magic object found on an island. Aarne MSFO XXV 120; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D849.4. D849.4. Magic object found in a wood. *Aarne MSFO XXV 120.

D849.4.1. D849.4.1. Magic object found in garden. German: Grimm No. 121.

D849.5. D849.5. Magic object found in fish. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D849.5.1. D849.5.1. Magic object found in heart of whale. Irish myth: Cross.

D849.6. D849.6. Magic object found under dead girl’s tongue. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D849.7. D849.7. Magic object pointed out by divine voice. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D849.8. D849.8. Magic object found on ground. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D850. D850. Magic object otherwise obtained.

D851. D851. Magic object acquired by exchange. (No trick).--Hartland Perseus III 200; Irish myth: Cross; N. A. Indian (Ponca, Ojibwa, European borrowings): Thompson CColl II 329f.

D851.1. D851.1. Magic object purchased. India: Thompson-Balys.

D852. D852. Magic object acquired by wishing. *Type 675.

D853. D853. Magic object forged by smith to order. *Hartland Perseus III 200.--Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 268.

D853.1. D853.1. Magic horse (wooden) made by carpenter. India: Thompson-Balys.

D855. D855. Magic object acquired as reward. Icelandic: Boberg.

D855.1. D855.1. Magic object acquired as reward for vigil. *BP III 111.--Chinese: Graham.

D855.2. D855.2. Magic object acquired as reward for religious austerities. Chinese: Werner 277.

D855.3. D855.3. Magic object acquired as reward for quest into grave. Icelandic: Boberg.

D855.4. D855.4. Magic object as reward for faith. Jewish: Neuman.

D855.5. D855.5. Magic object as reward for good deeds. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 107 No. 62.

D856. D856. Magic object acquired by gaining love of owner. Type 580.

D857. D857. Magic object born with hero. *Hartland Perseus III 198.--Africa (Fjort): Dennett 60 No. 12.

D858. D858. Magic object acquired by singing. Type 650***.

D859. D859. Magic object obtained--miscellaneous means.

D859.1. D859.1. Magic object acquired by rapping on tree. Fb “lind” II 432a.

D859.2. D859.2. Quest to hell for magic object. Aarne FFC XXIII 130, JSFO XXVII 48.--Icelandic: Boberg.

D859.2.1. D859.2.1. Magic object received from other world. Jewish: Neuman.

D859.3. D859.3. Magic object obtained by reaching in certain cardinal direction. N. A. Indian: *Kroeber JAFL XXI 224, (California): Gayton and Newman 75.

D859.4. D859.4. Magic object eaten unwittingly.

D859.4.1. D859.4.1. Magic bird-heart eaten unwittingly. Scottish: Campbell-McKay No. 15; Icelandic: Herrmann Saxo II 33.

D859.4.2. D859.4.2. Magic bird-liver eaten unwittingly. Scottish: Campbell-McKay No. 15.

D859.5. D859.5. Magic object to be chosen from among identical worthless objects. Insect helps in choice. East Africa: Torrend Zs. f. afrikan. u. ozean. Spr. I 247ff.

D859.6. D859.6. Magic object obtained as compensation for loss of entire herd--the spirit of the herd resides in the last goat‘s tail, which old woman keeps. India: Thompson-Balys.

D859.7. D859.7. Magic object left by frightened demons. Korean: Zong in-Sob 144.

D859.8. D859.8. Magic object as ransom of captive. Greek: Grote I 139; Icelandic: Boberg.

D860. D860. Loss of magic object. *Aarne MSFO XXV I--200 passim; Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XVIII 452 n. 3.--Chinese: Werner 348, Graham.

D860.0.1. D860.0.1. Death to follow loss of magic object. Irish myth: Cross.

D860.0.2. D860.0.2. Loss of magic object causes madness. India: Thompson-Balys.

D861. D861. Magic object stolen. Fansler MAFLS XII 17; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Georgia Negro: Harris Nights 30; S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 130.

D861.0.1. D861.0.1. Magic object stolen from local deity. Chinese: Graham.

D861.1. D861.1. Magic object stolen by host (at inn.) *Type 563; *BP I 349ff.; **Aarne JSFO XXVII 1--96.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “aubergiste”; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 24; Missouri French: Carriиre; India: Thompson-Balys; Seneca: Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 264 No. 50 (not at inn).

D861.2. D861.2. Magic object stolen by neighbor. **Aarne JSFO XXVII 1--96, especially 48; *BP I 349ff.; Type 564.--India: Thompson-Balys.

D861.3. D861.3. Magic object stolen by brothers. Type 563; BP I 349ff.

D861.4. D861.4. Magic object stolen by rival for wife. *Type 560, 561; *Aarne MSFO XXV 3--83; India: Thompson-Balys.

D861.4.1. D861.4.1. Magic object stolen by rival‘s emissary. India: Thompson-Balys.

D861.5. D861.5. Magic object stolen by hero’s wife. *Type 560; **Aarne MSFO XXV 3--83.

D861.5.1. D861.5.1. Magic object stolen by owner‘s fiancйe. German: Grimm No. 122.

D861.6. D861.6. Magic object stolen in card game. *Type 566; BP I 470ff.; Aarne MSFO XXV 85--97.

D861.7. D861.7. Magic object carried off by bird. (Cf. D865.)

D861.7.1. D861.7.1. Magic horn carried off by bird. India: Thompson-Balys.

D861.8. D861.8. Magic object stolen by relatives. Madagascar: Renel I 209ff. No. 40.

D861.8.1. D861.8.1. Magic objects stolen from owner by his daughter, with whom he spends the night. India: Thompson-Balys.

D861.9. D861.9. Magic object stolen by giants. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D861.10. D861.10. Magic object carried away; child allowed to play with it. India: Thompson-Balys.

D862. D862. Magic object taken away by force. India: Thompson-Balys.

D863. D863. Magic object mysteriously disappears. Korean: Zong in-Sob 44.

D865. D865. Magic jewel carried off by bird. This happens when the jewel is examined by daylight. (Cf. D861.7.)--*Chauvin V 211 No. 120; *Gerould PMLA XIX 392ff.; Krappe Neophilologus XIV 90; Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D865.1. D865.1. Magic ring carried off by bird. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D866. D866. Magic object destroyed. Japanese: Ikeda.

D866.1. D866.1. Woman cooks the magic fruits. (Cf. D981.)--Indonesia: DeVries’s list No. 195.

D866.2. D866.2. Magic object destroyed because of feigned sickness. India: Thompson-Balys.

D867. D867. Magic object mysteriously disappears. Korean: Zong in-Sob 44.

D867.1. D867.1. Magic object disappears at owner‘s death. Irish myth: Cross (D857).

D868. D868. Magic object returns to original place.

D868.1. D868.1. Magic mango returns to tree for broken tabu. India: Thompson-Balys.

D871. D871. Magic object traded away.

D871.1. D871.1. Magic object exchanged for worthless. Foolish brother (wife) exchanges old object for new. *Type 561; *BP II 205.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bague”; India: Thompson-Balys.

D871.1.1. D871.1.1. Exchange of common cow for gold-dropping cow made by daughter when her father stops at her home for the night. India: Thompson-Balys.

D876. D876. Magic treasure animal killed. (Goose that laid the golden egg). Greek fable: Wienert FFC LVI 64 (ET 283), 106 (ST 182); Babrius 123; Halm Aesop No. 343.--India: Keith 145 (gold-producing boy), Thompson-Balys; Panchatantra III 6 (tr. Ryder) 331; Cowell Jataka I 292 No. 136; Japanese: Ikeda; Indonesian: Dixon 238 n. 51; N. A. Indian: *Thompson-Tales 306 n. 109z.

D877. D877. Magic object loses power by overuse. *Chauvin V 11 No. 7; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 106, 109.--Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 248 No. 24.

D877.1. D877.1. Magic wishing-ring loses power by touching water. Irish myth: Cross.

D877.2. D877.2. Extraordinary flower preserves its freshness so long as it remains unperceived by anyone other than owner. India: Thompson-Balys.

D878. D878. Magic object voluntarily restored to giver. Irish myth: Cross.

D878.1. D878.1. Magic sword returned to lake whence it was received. Taken back by lake spirit. (Excalibur). (Cf. D813.1.1.)--English: Wells 50 (Le Morte Arthur); Indo-Chinese: Scott 303.

D878.2. D878.2. Magic sword thrown into lake by dying hero. Irish myth: Cross.

D880. D880. Recovery of magic object. *Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XVIII 452 n. 3; *Aarne MSFO XXV 3ff.--Chinese: Werner 348; India: Thompson-Balys.

D880.0.1. D880.0.1. Recovery of magic object cures madness. India: Thompson-Balys.

D881. D881. Magic object recovered by using second magic object. *Type 561; *Aarne MSFO XXV 3--83; *BP II 547ff.--Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 24.

D881.1. D881.1. Recovery of magic object by use of magic apples. These apples cause horns to grow. (Cf. D895.) *Type 566; BP I 470ff; Aarne MSFO XXV 85--97.

D881.2. D881.2. Recovery of magic object by use of magic cudgel. (Cf. D1094.)--*Types 563, 564; BP I 349ff.; *Aarne JSFO XXVII 1--96--India: *Thompson-Balys; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 248 No. 25.

D882. D882. Magic object stolen back.

D882.1. D882.1. Stolen magic object stolen back by helpful animals. Korean: Zong in-Sob 28.

D882.1.1. D882.1.1. Stolen magic object stolen back by helpful cat and dog. They steal the ring from the thief‘s mouth.--*Type 560; **Aarne MSFO XXV 3--82 BP II 455.--India: Thompson-Balys; Indonesian: DeVries Volksverhalen Nos. 67, 170 notes.

D882.1.2. D882.1.2. Magic object recovered with lioness‘s help. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule (D887).

D882.2. D882.2. Recovered magic articles dropped by rescuing animals into the sea. Kцhler-Bolte I 437; India: Thompson-Balys.

D882.3. D882.3. Magic object stolen back by servant. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D882.4. D882.4. Stolen magic object stolen back by man in disguise. India: Thompson-Balys.

D883. D883. Magic (marvelous object) given back to placate crying child. India: Thompson-Balys.

D884. D884. Thief forced to vomit up stolen magic object. India: Thompson-Balys.

D885. D885. Magic object recovered with devil’s help. Types 360, 361, 475; BP II 423.

D885.1. D885.1. Magic object recovered with witch‘s help. Georgia Negro: Harris Nights 30.

D886. D886. Magic object recovered through recitation of magic formula. Chinese: Werner 358.

D895. D895. Magic object returned in payment for removal of magic horns. (Cf. D881.1).--*Type 566.


D900--D1299. Kinds of magic objects.

D900. D900. Magic weather phenomena.

D900.0.1. D900.0.1. Prognostications from weather phenomena. Irish myth: *Cross.

D901. D901. Magic cloud. *Chauvin V 230; Fb “sky”; Jewish: *Neuman.

D902. D902. Magic rain. (Cf. D910.) *Basset RTP XXXIII 167f.--Irish: Cross; Plummer clxxx; Chinese: Werner 205.

D902.1. D902.1. Magic mist. *Fb “tеge” III 945a; *Cox Cinderella 477; Irish: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; English: Wimberly 321; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “brume”; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 339 n. 221b.

D902.1.1. D902.1.1. Druidic mist. Irish myth: *Cross.

D902.2. D902.2. Magic dew. *Fb “Sankt Hansdag” III 161a.

D902.3. D902.3. Magic hail. Irish myth: Cross.

D903. D903. Magic snow. Koryak: Jochelson JE VI 170.

D904. D904. Magic ice. Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 516.

D905. D905. Magic storm. *Fb “storm” III 595b, 596a, “skеl” III 352b, “vand” III 1001b; *Penzer IV 213; Morgan MPh. VI 331; Nitze MPh. VII 145.--Babylonian: Spence 77; Irish myth: *Cross; MacCulloch Celtic 44; Welsh: ibid. 191; Icelandic: *Boberg, Middle English: Wells 65 (Ywain and Gawain); Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1269; Korean: Zong in-Sob 170f.

D906. D906. Magic wind. *Fb “wind”, “vindknude”; Frazer Golden Bough I 119ff.; Icelandic: *Boberg; Lappish: Holmberg Lappalaisten uskonto 75; Estonian: Eisen Estnische Mythologie 100; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Graham; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 344.

D908. D908. Magic darkness. *Fb “tеge” III 945a; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Greek: Homer Iliad III 382, V 23, Odyssey XXIII 372; Jewish: *Neuman; Japanese: Ikeda.

D910. D910. Magic body of Water. *A. Hertel Verzauberte Oertlichkeiten (Hannover 1908).--Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D911. D911. Magic sea. Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “tonneau”; Jewish: Neuman; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 82.

D911.1. D911.1. Magic wave. Irish myth: Cross.

D911.1.1. D911.1.1. Magic virtue of nine waves. Irish myth: *Cross.

D915. D915. Magic river. Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “riviиre”; Jewish: *Neuman; Ila (Rhodesia): Smith and Dale II 416; Hottentot: Bleek 75 No. 36; Zulu: Callaway 90.

D915.1. D915.1. River produced by magic. Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “riviиre”.

D915.2. D915.2. River contained under cock’s wings. *Type 715.

D915.2.1. D915.2.1. River contained in bird‘s ears. India: Thompson-Balys.

D915.3. D915.3. River contained in box. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “riviиre”.

D915.4. D915.4. Intermittent river. River flows at stated intervals. *Chauvin VII 44 No. 153.

D915.4.1. D915.4.1. Sabbatical river. Dry on Sabbath. *Chauvin VII 44 No. 153; Gaster Exempla 188 No. 15; India: Thompson-Balys.

D915.5. D915.5. River issuing from cave controlled by race of Amazons. Hartland Science 202.

D915.6. D915.6. Magic flood. India: Thompson-Balys.

D921. D921. Magic lake (pond). *Krappe Bulletin Hispanique XXXV (1933) 107ff.; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Werner 137 (lake of gems).

D921.1. D921.1. Lake (pond) produced by magic. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “йtang”; Irish myth: *Cross.

D921.2. D921.2. Lake produced by belches after magic draught. Irish myth: Cross.

D921.3. D921.3. Lake under which supernatural smith lives. Irish myth: *Cross.

D921.3.1. D921.3.1. Lake of milk created through merit of saint. Irish myth: Cross.

D921.4. D921.4. Magic tank. India: Thompson-Balys.

D925. D925. Magic fountain. (Cf. D926, D927.) *Dh II 154; *Wьnsche Die Sagen vom Lebensbaum und Lebenswasser (Leipzig, 1905); *Hopkins JAOS XXVI 1--67, 411--413; *Fb “ungdom” III 979b; Penzer IV 145; *Patch PMLA XXXIII 670 n. 67.--Irish myth: *Cross, Plummer cl--clii, clxxii; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “fontaine”; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10--12; Tirol: Zingerle 588; Jewish: Neuman; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 284 n. 50a.; Lat. American: Alexander Lat. Am. 20 n. 6, 349.

D925.0.1. D925.0.1. Magic oil-spouting fountain. Italian: Basile introduction.

D925.0.2. D925.0.2. Miraculous well yielding milk, beer or wine. *Loomis White Magic 38.

D925.1. D925.1. Fountain magically made. Irish: Plummer cl, Cross; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 12; Jewish: *Neuman, Gaster Exempla 225 No. 206.

D925.1.0.1. D925.1.0.1. Fountain bursts forth where water is not available for baptismal ceremonies of future saint. *Loomis White Magic 23.

D925.1.1. D925.1.1. Saint produces fountain by means of his tears. *Loomis White Magic 37.

D925.1.2. D925.1.2. Fountain gushes up at place where saint’s head was cut off. *Loomis White Magic 37.

D925.1.3. D925.1.3. Samson makes sweet water flow from jawbone. *Loomis White Magic 37.

D925.2. D925.2. Fountain is inhabited by sacred oracular fish. *Loomis White Magic 38.

D926. D926. Magic well. (Cf. D925, D927.) Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 54.--Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 106f.; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 189.

D926.1. D926.1. Well produced by magic. Jewish: Neuman.

D926.1.1. D926.1.1. Well produced by saint invoking heaven. *Loomis White Magic 37.

D927. D927. Magic spring. (Cf. D925, D926.) *Fb “blind” IV 45b; *Herbert III 238; *Oesterley No 253; Child I 192.--Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: *Neuman.

D927.1. D927.1. Spring made by magic. P. Saintyves Le Miracle de l’apparition des eaux (Revue de l‘Universitй de Bruxelles 1912, 265--94).--Germanic: De la Saussaye 254 (Balder); French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 12; Jewish *Neuman.

D927.1.1. D927.1.1. Saint causes water to issue from cut in a tree. *Loomis White Magic 37.

D927.2. D927.2. Magic spring guarded by demons (monsters). Irish myth: Cross.

D927.2.1. D927.2.1. Magic spring guarded by druids. Irish myth: Cross.

D927.3. D927.3. Spring augments milk of nursing mothers who drink its water. *Loomis White Magic 38.

D927.4. D927.4. Spring follows saint to his country. *Loomis White Magic 38.

D927.5. D927.5. Spring runs dry (as result of fratricide). Irish myth: *Cross.

D928. D928. Magic water-hole.

D928.1. D928.1. Water-hole made by magic. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 180; Southern Paiute (Maopa): Lowie JAFL XXXVII 168 No. 5a.

D930. D930. Magic land features. *Hertel Verzauberte Oertlichkeiten (Hannover, 1908).

D931. D931. Magic rock (stone). *Type 593, 870A; Kцhler-Bolte I 114, 572; *Fb “sten” III 553a, 554a, “шnske” III 1178b; Hartland Science 242; *Penzer III 161 n. 1, 162 n., V 177; Reinhart PMLA XXXVIII 458 n. 108.--Greek: Fox 111, 137, (modern): Hahn No. 34; German: Grimm No. 163; Irish: Plummer clv--clvii, *Cross; Swiss: Jegerlehner 309 No. 9; Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: *Neuman; Chinese: Graham, Werner 383.--Aztec: Alexander Lat. Am. 118; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 275 n. 15; Southern Paiute: Lowie JAFL XXXVII 143f. No. 15. Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 366, (Kaffir): Theal 36, 161, (Angola): Chatelain 47 (version B), (Zulu): Callaway 143, (Fang): Trilles Lйgendes 140, Einstein 99.

D931.0.1. D931.0.1. Stone produced by magic. Irish myth: Cross.

D931.0.2. D931.0.2. Stones fixed in the earth have certain magic powers. *Fb II 47 s.v. “jordfast (sten)”; Цrvar-Odds saga 136.

D931.0.2.1. D931.0.2.1. Location of magic stone determines race of king of country. Irish myth: Cross.

D931.0.3. D931.0.3. Stone on which saint is baptized (is born) has magic powers. Irish myth: *Cross.

D931.0.4. D931.0.4. Magic stone as amulet. (Cf. D1274.1.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 148, Rasmussen II 233.

D931.1. D931.1. Magic coal. Irish: O‘Suilleabhain 69, Beal XXI 326.

D931.1.1. D931.1.1. Magic soot. Africa (Washaga): Gutman 137.

D931.1.2. D931.1.2. Magic ashes. Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Mitford 180ff.

D931.1.3. D931.1.3. Magic lampblack. India: Thompson-Balys.

D931.1.4. D931.1.4. Magic lime.

D931.2. D931.2. Magic pebble. Jewish: Neuman.

D932. D932. Magic mountain. *Type 676; Fb “rundt”.

D932.0.1. D932.0.1. Mountain created by magic. India: Thompson-Balys.

D932.1. D932.1. Magic cliff.

D932.2. D932.2. Magic hill.

D933. D933. Magic sink-hole. Fb “grшft”.

D934. D934. Magic turf. *Fb “grжstшrv”.

D934.1. D934.1. Magic sod. Irish myth: Cross.

D935. D935. Magic earth (soil). *Fb “muld” II 619.--Irish: Plummer clxxx, *Cross; O’Suilleabhain 92, Beal XXI 329; Jewish: *Neuman; Hindu: Penzer III 227f.; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 161f.

D935.0.1. D935.0.1. Magic earth from crossroads. (Cf. D1786.) Seligmann 151.

D935.1. D935.1. Magic sand.

D935.2. D935.2. Magic clay. India: Thompson-Balys.

D935.3. D935.3. Magic dust. India: Thompson-Balys.

D935.4. D935.4. Magic brick. India: Thompson-Balys.

D936. D936. Magic island. Irish myth: Cross.

D936.1. D936.1. Island made by magic. Greek: Pauly-Wissowa s.v. “Anaphe”.

D937. D937. Magic plain. Irish myth: Cross.

D940. D940. Magic forests.

D941. D941. Magic forest. Saintyves Perrault 65; Wimberly 124.--Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; Hindu: Penzer VIII 222 n. 2.

D941.1. D941.1. Forest produced by magic. Saintyves Perrault 92.--Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “forкt”; India: Thompson-Balys.

D945. D945. Magic hedge. *Type 410; BP I 440.--Irish: Plummer clxi, *Cross.

D950. D950. Magic tree. *Types 330, 510, 511; BP II 188 n. 1; Dh II 10, 30ff.; A. F. Schmidt Hultrжr i Danmark (Danske Studier 1932 33ff.); Kцhler Aufsдtze 19ff.: *Fb “trж” III 866a, 867a; Chauvin VII 95 No. 375; Penzer I 144, *VIII 69 n. 1.--Irish: Plummer cliii, *Cross; German: Grimm No. 123; Persian: Carnoy 281, Coyajee JPASB XXIV 185f., 194; Chinese: Ferguson 104, Eberhard FFC CXX 46.--Indonesian: Dixon 238 n. 51; Quichй: Alexander Lat. Am. 172; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 297 n. 86a, (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 391 No. 70; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 146, 218, (Upoto): Einstein 123.

D950.0.1. D950.0.1. Magic tree guarded by serpent (dragon) coiled around its roots. Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: Fox 87f. (Apples of Hesperides).

D950.0.1.1. D950.0.1.1. Magic tree guarded by giant ogre. Irish myth: *Cross.

D950.0.2. D950.0.2. Magic tree at bottom of lake. Irish myth: Cross.

D950.1. D950.1. Magic hazel tree. *BP III 477. Irish: Plummer cliii, *Cross.

D950.2. D950.2. Magic oak tree. Type 577.--Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: Fox 109.

D950.3. D950.3. Magic peach tree. Chinese: Werner 173.

D950.4. D950.4. Magic cherry tree. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “cerisier”.

D950.5. D950.5. Magic pear tree. Fb “pжretrж”; cf. Type 1423; *Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Birne”.

D950.6. D950.6. Magic ash tree (quicken, rowan). *Fb “usynlig”; Irish myth: *Cross.

D950.7. D950.7. Magic lime tree. Irish: Plummer cliii, *Cross.

D950.8. D950.8. Magic fig tree. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D950.9. D950.9. Magic olive tree. Jewish: *Neuman.

D950.10. D950.10. Magic apple tree. Irish myth: *Cross; French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D950.11. D950.11. Magic alder tree. Irish myth: *Cross.

D950.12. D950.12. Magic birch tree. Irish myth: Cross.

D950.13. D950.13. Magic hawthorn. Irish myth: *Cross.

D950.14. D950.14. Magic yew tree. Irish myth: *Cross.

D950.14.1. D950.14.1. Magic yew tree created by fairies. Irish myth: Cross.

D950.15. D950.15. Magic bamboo tree. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 80.

D950.16. D950.16. Magic nut tree. Jewish: Neuman.

D950.17. D950.17. Magic laurel tree. Jewish: Neuman.

D950.18. D950.18. Magic cedar tree. Jewish: Neuman.

D950.19. D950.19. Magic palm tree. Jewish: Neuman.

D951. D951. Tree produced by magic. Irish myth: Cross.

D951.1. D951.1. Magic tree springs from fairyland berry. Irish myth: Cross.

D952. D952. Magic tree-bark.

D953. D953. Magic twig. Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D953.1. D953.1. Origin of magic twig. Irish myth: Cross.

D953.1.1. D953.1.1. Magic twigs grow from buried magic vessel. Irish myth: Cross.

D953.2. D953.2. Magic birch twig. (Cf. D950.12.) Irish myth: Cross.

D954. D954. Magic bough. *Chauvin V 229 No. 130; Fb “finkelrut”.--Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 114f.; *Cross; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 51 No. 340; India: Thompson-Balys.

D955. D955. Magic leaf. Type 612; *BP I 128; *Fb “blad” IV 44a.--Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Vцlsunga saga ch. 8, Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Ibo, Nigeria): Basden 280, (Ekoi): Talbot 115, 188, (Zulu): Callaway 191.

D956. D956. Magic stick of wood. BP II 527; Jewish: *Neuman.

D957. D957. Magic faggot. Irish myth: Cross.

D958. D958. Magic thorn. *Kцhler-Bolte I 261.--Icelandic: *Boberg; English: Child V 496 s.v. “sleep”; Hindu: Penzer III 227f.; India: Thompson-Balys.

D960. D960. Magic gardens and plants.

D961. D961. Magic garden. *Type 550; BP II 232.--Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Penzer I 66f.; N. Am. Indian (Tsimshian): Boas RBAE XXXI 182; Africa (Benga): Nassau 208 No. 33.

D961.1. D961.1. Garden produced by magic. (Cf. D2178.) Irish myth: Cross; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Penzer VIII 92.

D962. D962. Magic vineyard. Jewish: Neuman.

D964. D964. Magic bush. (Cf. D960, D965.) Basile Pentamerone IV 6; Irish: O’Suilleabhain 74, Beal XXI 326; Jewish: *Neuman.

D965. D965. Magic plant. *BP I 128; Fb “blad” IV 44a, “vild” III 1052b; *Chauvin II 193 No. 12, V 14 No. 9; VI 73f. No. 239.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “herbe”; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 312 n. 2, Fox 263; Jewish: Neuman; Babylonian: Spence 158, 160, 178; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer; Chinese: Werner 299.

D965.0.1. D965.0.1. Honeysuckle “king of trees.” Irish myth: Cross.

D965.1. D965.1. Magic mandrake. **Starck Der Alraun; *Taylor JAFL XXXI 561f.; Penzer III 153f.; F. Ohrt Dragedukker i Danmark (Danske Studier 1930 63ff., 186); *Fb “alrunerot” IV 10a; *Frazer Old Testament II 372ff.; Hdwb. d. Abergl. I 311 s.v. “Alraun”.--Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: *Neuman.

D965.2. D965.2. Magic calabash (gourd). Chinese: Werner 347; Korean: Zong in-Sob 288; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 27, 34, (Yoruba): Ellis 246, (Benga): Nassau 208 No. 33.

D965.3. D965.3. Magic rosebush. BP II 527.

D965.4. D965.4. Magic mistletoe. *K. v. Tubeuf Monographie der Mistel (Mьnchen, 1923); *Frazer Golden Bough XII 373 s.v. “mistletoe”, XI 78ff.--Irish myth: *Cross.

D965.4.1. D965.4.1. Mistletoe used by druids. Irish myth: Cross.

D965.5. D965.5. Moly: magic plant. *Taylor JAFL XXXI 561.--Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 288 n. 1.

D965.6. D965.6. Magic lotus plant. (Cf. D975.1.) Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 280 n. 2; Japanese: Ikeda.

D965.7. D965.7. Magic four-leaf clover. *BP III 201; Fb “firklшver”.

D965.8. D965.8. Magic corn. (Cf. D973.) Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman.

D965.8.1. D965.8.1. Magic rice (plant.).

D965.9. D965.9. Magic laurel (plant). Hartland Science 204.

D965.10. D965.10. Magic myrtle. Hartland Science 204.

D965.11. D965.11. Magic plantain. Ibo (Nigeria): Thomas 126.

D965.12. D965.12. Magic grass. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Graham.

D965.13. D965.13. Magic flax. Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 673ff., Index No. 3697.

D965.14. D965.14. Magic fern blossom. May be obtained on St. John’s eve. Lithuanian: Balys Index 3644.

D965.15. D965.15. Magic barley plant. (Cf. D973.2.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D965.16. D965.16. Magic rue.

D965.17. D965.17. Magic tobacco plant.

D965.18. D965.18. Magic weeds.

D965.19. D965.19. Magic myrtle. Jewish: Neuman.

D967. D967. Magic roots. Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Baholoholo): Einstein 233.

D971. D971. Magic seed. Danish: Fb “frш” I 378b; Jewish: Neuman; Hindu: Penzer VI 62ff; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 36f.; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 178.

D971.1. D971.1. Magic mustard-seed. Penzer VI 5, 29, 109, 123f.

D971.2. D971.2. Magic hemp-seed. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “chenevis”; English: Child V 59, 286a.

D971.3. D971.3. Magic fern-seed. *Cox Cinderella 517.

D971.4. D971.4. Magic black cummin. India: Thompson-Balys.

D973. D973. Magic grains. Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D973.1. D973.1. Magic rice-grains. Tawney II 453; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.

D973.1.1. D973.1.1. Rice-grains magically produced by gourd. India: Thompson-Balys.

D973.2. D973.2. Magic barley. (Cf. D965.15.) Jewish: Neuman; Hindu: Penzer VI 55 n. 2.

D974. D974. Magic plant-sap. Dh II 154.

D975. D975. Magic flower. *Basset 1001 Contes I 143; Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 108; Japanese: Ikeda.

D975.1. D975.1. Magic lotus-flower. (Cf. D965.6, D1641.15.) India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 322.

D975.2. D975.2. Magic rose. Kцhler-Bolte II 447.

D976. D976. Magic thorn.

D977. D977. Magic stalk.

D978. D978. Magic herbs. (Cf. D965.) India: Thompson-Balys; Irish myth: Cross.

D980. D980. Magic fruits and vegetables.

D981. D981. Magic fruit. *Type 566; *Aarne MSFO XXV 122; Fb “nжse” II 716b; *Penzer VI 216; *Basset 1001 Contes I 143; *Chauvin VI 74 No. 239.--Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman; Hindu: Tawney I 259f., 310n., 382, II 142n., 198n., 596n.; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 105; Japanese: Ikeda; Indonesian: DeVries’s list No. 195.

D981.0.1. D981.0.1. Magic fruit juice.

D981.1. D981.1. Magic apple. *Types 400, 500, 590, 708, 709; *Aarne MSFO XXV 121; *BP I 463, 482, III 97; *Kцhler-Bolte I 118, 143; *Fb “guldжble” I 516a, “жble” III 1135f, “шnske” III 1178b; *Chauvin VI 74 No. 239, 133 No. 286.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: De la Saussaye 280, *Boberg; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “cornes”, “pomme”; English: Child I 364; Jewish: Neuman; Arabian: Burton Nights S IV 434ff.

D981.1.1. D981.1.1. Magic apple from Garden of the Hesperides. Irish myth: *Cross.

D981.2. D981.2. Magic peach. Chinese: Werner 270, Eberhard FFC CXX 210.

D981.3. D981.3. Magic orange. *Type 408.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “orange”.

D981.4. D981.4. Magic cherry. Aarne MSFO XXV 121; Fb “kirsebжr”; Penzer I 27.

D981.5. D981.5. Magic fig. (Cf. D1375.1.1.5.) Aarne MSFO XXV 121.--Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 56, 116 Nos. 408*A, 970; Jewish: *Neuman; Hindu: Penzer I 27.

D981.6. D981.6. Magic pear. (Cf. D1375.1.1.6, D1375.2.1.3.) Aarne MSFO XXV 121; Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Birne”.

D981.7. D981.7. Magic plum. (Cf. D1375.1.1.7.) Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D981.8. D981.8. Magic grape. (Cf. D1375.1.1.8.) Aarne MSFO XXV 121; Jewish: *Neuman.

D981.9. D981.9. Magic date (fruit). (Cf. D1375.1.1.9.) Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D981.10. D981.10. Magic berry. (Cf. D1375.1.1.10.) Aarne MSFO XXV 122; Irish myth: *Cross.

D981.10.1. D981.10.1. Magic cranberry. Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 91.

D981.11. D981.11. Magic pumpkin. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 58, 67, 221.

D981.12. D981.12. Magic pomegranate. Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D981.13. D981.13. Magic bananas.

D983. D983. Magic vegetable. *Aarne MSFO XXV 143n., *BP III 6; Type 567.

D983.1. D983.1. Magic bean. *BP II 527.--Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 124 No. 1374A; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “fиve”.

D983.2. D983.2. Magic yam. Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 90 No. 16.

D983.3. D983.3. Magic leek. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D983.4. D983.4. Magic garlic. Jewish: Neuman.

D983.5. D983.5. Magic egg-plant.

D985. D985. Magic nut. Cox Cinderella Nos. 6, 72, 76, 88 and passim; Fb “nшd” II 719a.--Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “noix”; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 53 No. 400 B*; Italian: Basile introduction; Jewish: Neuman.

D985.1. D985.1. Magic coconut-shell. Sulka of New Britain: Dixon 132 and 132 n. 2.

D985.2. D985.2. Magic chestnut. Italian: Basile Pentamerone introduction.

D985.3. D985.3. Magic hazel-nut. Irish myth: *Cross; Italian: Basile introduction.

D985.4. D985.4. Magic acorn. Irish myth: Cross.

D985.5. D985.5. Magic betel-nut. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 93.



D990. D990. Magic bodily members--human. N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 318 n. 150.

D991. D991. Magic hair. *Fb “guld” I 512a, “hеr” I 771ab, “styrke” III 630a; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 1274; Kцhler-Bolte I 126, 573; *Penzer VIII 59 n. 3; MacCulloch Childhood 211; Chauvin V 230 No. 130; *Wesselski Mдrchen 196; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 150.--Irish myth: Cross; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 12; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 67 No. 508A*; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 117 n. 3, Fox 69, 77; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.--N. A. Indian (Mohegan): Speck JAFL XVI 106; (Micmac): Rand 356, 369 Nos 67, 71, Leland 83, (Skidi Pawnee): Dorsey MAFLS VII 102, 113 Nos. 28, 31, (Wichita): Dorsey CI XXI No. 19, (Modoc): Curtin Myths of the Modocs (Boston 1912) 32, 46, (Ojibwa): Radin GSCan II 51; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 97; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 131.

D991.1. D991.1. Magic beard. Fb “styrke” III 630a.

D991.2. D991.2. Magic pubic hair. *Fb “kusse” II 334a; India: Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 290 n. 65, (Tlingit): Golder JAFL XX 292.

D991.3. D991.3. Magic ball of hair. North Carolina: Brown Collection I 667.

D992. D992. Magic head. Irish myth: *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 105; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “tкte”; Jewish: Neuman.

D992.1. D992.1. Magic horns (grow on person‘s forehead). (Cf. D1011.1.) *Type 566; Penzer III 187.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: *Neuman; bin Gorion Born Judas@2 IV 122; N. A. Indian (Mohegan): Speck JAFL XVII 184.

D992.2. D992.2. Magic lips. Type 403; Kцhler-Bolte I 126.--French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10.

D992.3. D992.3. Magic face. Jewish: *Neuman.

D992.4. D992.4. Magic skull.

D992.5. D992.5. Magic tongue. Jewish: Neuman.

D993. D993. Magic eye. See references to D2071. Jewish: Neuman.

D995. D995. Magic foot.

D995.1. D995.1. Magic toe. Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 56 No. 9.

D996. D996. Magic hand. *Penzer III 150; *Baker AA o.s. I 51ff.; Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D996.0.1. D996.0.1. Magic right hand.

D996.0.1.1. D996.0.1.1. Magic power of right hand for good. Irish myth: *Cross.

D996.0.2. D996.0.2. Magic left hand. Irish myth: Cross.

D996.0.2.1. D996.0.2.1. Magic power of left hand for evil. Irish myth: *Cross.

D996.1. D996.1. Magic finger. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D997. D997. Magic internal organs--human.

D997.1. D997.1. Magic heart--human.

D997.1.1. D997.1.1. Magic heart of unborn child. *Fb “hjжrte” I 631b.

D997.2. D997.2. Magic brain. Irish myth: Cross.

D997.3. D997.3. Magic liver. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D998. D998. Magic private parts--human. Taylor MLN XXXI (1916) 249 n. 2; Gaster Thespis 327.--N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 296 nn. 83a, 83b.

D1001. D1001. Magic spittle. *Type 313; *BP II 527 n. 1; *Fb “spytte” III 514b, 515a; Penzer VIII 59 n. 3.--Irish: Plummer clxxxiii, *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Maori: Dixon 59; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 329 n. 190, 331 n. 196a; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 64, 234, (Upoto): Einstein 125; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 263 No. 67.

D1002. D1002. Magic excrements. Hindu: Keith 145; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 161; N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 296 n. 83c, 329 n. 190a, (Takelma): Sapir UPa II 65 No. 4.

D1002.1. D1002.1. Magic urine.

D1003. D1003. Magic blood--human. *Fb “blod” IV 46--48; *BP II 527 n. 1; Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Blut”.--Irish: Plummer cl, clxxxi, *Cross; English: Child I 172, II 39b; Italian: Basile II 5, III 9, Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: Neuman, Gaster Thespis 296; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 98.

D1003.1. D1003.1. Magic menstrual blood. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1003.2. D1003.2. Magic blood of circumcision. Jewish: Neuman.

D1003.3. D1003.3. Magic blood of unborn child. Jewish: Neuman.

D1004. D1004. Magic tears. Hartland Science 238.--Irish: Plummer cl, *Cross; Norse: De la Saussaye 277; Jewish: *Neuman; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 329 n. 190b.

D1005. D1005. Magic breath. Irish: Plummer clxxii, *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1006. D1006. Magic buttocks. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 296 n. 83.

D1007. D1007. Magic bone (human). (Cf. D1013.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1008. D1008. Magic human flesh. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 329.

D1009. D1009. Magic bodily members (human)--miscellaneous.

D1009.1. D1009.1. Magic scab (from skin). Tsimshian: Boas BBAE XXVII 190.

D1009.2. D1009.2. Magic tooth. Irish myth: Cross.

D1009.2.1. D1009.2.1. Magic dead man‘s tooth. Kittredge Witchcraft 142, 460 nn. *11, 13.

D1009.3. D1009.3. Magic breasts of woman.

D1010. D1010. Magic bodily members--animal. Jewish: *Neuman.

D1011. D1011. Magic animal head.

D1011.0.1. D1011.0.1. Magic bird head. *Aarne MSFO XXV 175; *Type 567; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1011.0.2. D1011.0.2. Magic ass‘s head. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC No. 425.

D1011.0.3. D1011.0.3. Magic serpent head. Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 33.

D1011.1. D1011.1. Magic animal horn. (Cf. D992.1.) Cross MPh X 289; Icelandic: Boberg; Greek: Fox 93; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 160 No. 23, 242 No. 35, (Kaffir): Theal 169f; N. A. Indian (Micmac): Rand 196 No. 25.

D1011.2. D1011.2. Magic ear of animal. See references to B115.1.

D1011.3. D1011.3. Magic animal‘s crown.

D1011.3.1. D1011.3.1. Magic serpent’s crown. (Cf. B112.) Cox Cinderella 517.

D1011.4. D1011.4. Magic tooth of animal. Jewish: Neuman.

D1011.5. D1011.5. Magic lips of animal.

D1011.6. D1011.6. Magic tongue of animal. Jewish: Neuman.

D1011.7. D1011.7. Magic brain of animal.

D1012. D1012. Magic limbs of animal.

D1012.1. D1012.1. Magic legs of animal.

D1012.1.1. D1012.1.1. Magic legs of bull. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1013. D1013. Magic bone of animal. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “os”; cf. Type 780.--India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 180 No. 26, 190 No. 28.

D1013.1. D1013.1. Magic chicken-thigh. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1015. D1015. Magic internal organs of animal.

D1015.1. D1015.1. Magic heart of animal.

D1015.1.1. D1015.1.1. Magic bird heart. *Type 567; *BP I 528, III 3ff.; *Aarne MSFO XXV 176; Penzer I 19 n. 2; *Fb “hjжrte” I 631b.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “mendiant”.

D1015.1.2. D1015.1.2. Magic dragon heart. (Cf. B11.2.9.) Icelandic: Vцlsunga Saga 66.

D1015.1.3. D1015.1.3. Magic serpent heart. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 43 No. 302 A*.

D1015.1.4. D1015.1.4. Magic wolf heart. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1015.1.5. D1015.1.5. Magic fox heart. Jewish: Neuman.

D1015.2. D1015.2. Magic gall-bladder of animal. Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 214 No. 32; (Ekoi): Talbot 27.

D1015.3. D1015.3. Magic entrails of animal.

D1015.3.1. D1015.3.1. Magic entrails of bird. Aarne MSFO XXV 176.

D1015.3.2. D1015.3.2. Magic entrails of goat. German: Grimm No. 130.

D1015.4. D1015.4. Magic liver of animal. Chinese-Persian: Coyajee JPASB XXIV 187.

D1015.4.1. D1015.4.1. Magic bird liver. *Aarne MSFO XXV 176; Type 567.

D1015.5. D1015.5. Magic stomach of animal.

D1015.5.1. D1015.5.1. Magic stomach of hare. Jewish: Neuman.

D1016. D1016. Magic blood of animal. Jewish: Neuman; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 187.

D1017. D1017. Magic flesh of animal. Irish: Cross.

D1017.1. D1017.1. Magic fat of animal.

D1017.1.1. D1017.1.1. Magic fat of crow. Fb “fedt” I 278b.

D1018. D1018. Magic milk of animal. *Kцhler-Bolte I 468; Dh II 154.--Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 70.

D1021. D1021. Magic feather. *Types 552, 534*; BP III 18ff.; 424ff.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “plume”; English: Child V 496 s.v. “sleep”; Persian: Carnoy 290, 331; India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 304; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 126.

D1021.1. D1021.1. Magic bird‘s power in one feather. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1022. D1022. Magic wings. Aarne MSFO XXV 176; Jewish: Neuman.

D1022.0.1. D1022.0.1. Wings grown by magic. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “ailes”.

D1023. D1023. Magic hair of animal. Fb “hеr” I 771b.

D1023.1. D1023.1. Magic hair of bear. *Fb “hеr” I 771b.

D1023.2. D1023.2. Magic hair of fox. *Fb “hеr” I 771b.

D1023.3. D1023.3. Magic hair of lion’s tail. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D1023.4. D1023.4. Magic hair of ant‘s beard. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D1024. D1024. Magic egg. Irish myth: Cross (D1019); Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “oeuf”; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 104f., 151; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 269 No. 81, 277 No. 89.

D1025. D1025. Magic skin of animal.

D1025.1. D1025.1. Magic pigskin. Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 40; *Cross.

D1025.2. D1025.2. Magic fishskin. *Chauvin V 230 No. 130.

D1025.3. D1025.3. Magic mouseskin. Africa (Zulu): Callaway 97.

D1025.4. D1025.4. Magic skin of swallow. Africa (Zulu): Callaway 53.

D1025.5. D1025.5. Magic cowhide. Irish myth: Cross.

D1025.6. D1025.6. Magic dogskin. Irish myth: Cross.

D1025.7. D1025.7. Magic horseskin. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 79.

D1025.8. D1025.8. Magic sheepskin. Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1025.9. D1025.9. Magic sealskin.

D1026. D1026. Magic dung of animal. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1026.1. D1026.1. Magic bird dung. Africa (Yoruba): Ellis 256 No. 4.

D1026.2. D1026.2. Magic cow-dung. BP II 527 n. 1.

D1027. D1027. Magic urine of animal. Irish myth: Cross.

D1027.1. D1027.1. Magic urine of serpent. Africa (Zanzibar): Bateman 204 No. 10.

D1028. D1028. Magic shell of animal.

D1028.1. D1028.1. Magic conch shell. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1028.2. D1028.2. Magic tortoise shell.

D1029. D1029. Other bodily members of animals--magic.

D1029.0.1. D1029.0.1. Other bodily members of bird--magic. Aarne MSFO XXV 176.

D1029.1. D1029.1. Magic breath of animal. Irish myth: Cross.

D1029.2. D1029.2. Magic tail of animal. Jewish: Neuman.

D1029.2.1. D1029.2.1. Magic yak tail. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1029.2.2. D1029.2.2. Magic goat tail. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1029.2.3. D1029.2.3. Magic snake tail. Jewish: Neuman.

D1029.3. D1029.3. Magic animal feet.

D1029.4. D1029.4. Magic sex organs of animal.

D1029.5. D1029.5. Magic spittle of animal. (Cf. D1001.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1029.6. D1029.6. Magic shell of animal. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 107.

D1030. D1030. Magic food. *Fb “tшnde” III 934b, “mad” II 525a, “styrke” III 630a.--Irish: Plummer clxxxv, *Cross, O‘Suilleabhain 57, Bйal XXI 322; Icelandic: De la Saussaye 254, Boberg; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 11; Arabic: Burton Nights II 212; India: Thompson-Balys; Philippines: Dixon 221ff.; Melanesian: ibid. 224 n. 28; Indonesian: ibid. 238 n. 51; Java: ibid. 209; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 446, Rasmussen I 202; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 335 n. 210.

D1030.1. D1030.1. Food supplied by magic. Most of the references in D1030 also belong here. *Types 563, 564.--Irish: *Cross, O’Suilleabhain 38, Beal XXI 314; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 192; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “repas”; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Indonesian: Dixon 238 n. 51; Jamaican: *Beckwith MAFLS XVII 248 No. 25; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 248; S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 44, 88.

D1030.1.1. D1030.1.1. Food supplied by means of prayer. Irish myth: Cross.

D1030.2. D1030.2. Magic banquet. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1030.3. D1030.3. Magic food from herbs. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1031. D1031. Magic pastry (bread, cake, etc.).

D1031.0.1. D1031.0.1. Manna. Food from skies in basket each morning. Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian (Maidu): Dixon BAM XVII 39ff. No. 1.

D1031.1. D1031.1. Magic bread. *Type 310C*; *Fb “brшd” IV 74b.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “pain”; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 60 No. 438*; Jewish: Neuman; Babylonian: Gilgamesch-Epos XI 220ff., cf. p. 141ff.

D1031.1.1. D1031.1.1. Consecrated bread as magic object. *Kittredge Witchcraft 149f., 469 nn. 103--116; Irish: *Cross, O‘Suilleabhain 25, 48f., Beal XXI 307, 317f.

D1031.2. D1031.2. Magic cake. *Type 751; *BP II 527 n. 1.--Chinese: Werner 186.

D1031.2.1. D1031.2.1. Cake made by rubbing flour on griddle. Irish myth: Cross.

D1031.2.2. D1031.2.2. Magic cake of figs. Jewish: *Neuman.

D1032. D1032. Magic meat. Type 301C*; Irish myth: Cross; *Frazer Apollodorus II 70 n. 2; Africa (Benga): Nassau 227 No. 34.

D1032.1. D1032.1. Magic meal of fishes. Mark 6: 41--44.

D1032.2. D1032.2. Flesh of cat when chewed has magic results. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1032.3. D1032.3. Flesh of dog when chewed has magic results. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1032.4. D1032.4. Flesh of pig when chewed has magic results. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1033. D1033. Magic cereal (food).

D1033.0.1. D1033.0.1. Cereal from man‘s body. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1033.1. D1033.1. Magic rice. Indonesian: DeVries’s list No. 206; Chinese: Graham.

D1033.2. D1033.2. Magic wheat. Irish myth: Cross.

D1034. D1034. Magic vegetable (as food). (Cf. D983.) Icelandic: Ragnars saga 112.

D1035. D1035. Magic nuts (as food). (Cf. D985.)

D1035.1. D1035.1. Magic chestnut (as food). Seneca: Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 148, 187, 199, 503.

D1035.2. D1035.2. Magic coconut (as food). Leper‘s Island: Dixon 127.

D1036. D1036. Magic dairy products.

D1036.1. D1036.1. Magic cheese. Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 318 No. 3, 321 No. 59.

D1037. D1037. Magic honey. Irish myth: *Cross, Beal XXI 337; Gaster Thespis 364; Jewish: Neuman; Hindu: Keith 158.

D1038. D1038. Magic sweets.

D1039. D1039. Magic food--miscellaneous.

D1039.1. D1039.1. Magic vermicelli. Chinese: Werner 222.

D1039.2. D1039.2. Magic salt. Jewish: Neuman; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 282 No.

D1040. D1040. Magic drink. *MacCulloch Childhood 70--72; *Fb “drikke” I 204b, “styrke” III 630a.--Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 287 n. 2; Irish: Plummer clxxii, *Cross; Icelandic: De la Saussaye 143, *Boberg; English: Child I 363 n. 364; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 328 No. 24; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Hindu: Keith 46; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 453.

D1040.1. D1040.1. Drink supplied by magic. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1041. D1041. Blood as magic drink. Frazer Golden Bough XII 189 s.v. “blood”; Zs. f. deutsche Philologie XXVI (1894) 9; Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Hrolfs saga Kraka 62, 69, Vцlsungasaga 45, *Boberg; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 248.

D1043. D1043. Milk as magic drink. Irish myth: *Cross; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 310 No. 30; Jewish: Neuman; Hindu: Keith 134.

D1045. D1045. Magic beer.

D1045.0.1. D1045.0.1. Beer brewed by means of magic song. Finnish: Kalevala rune 20.

D1045.1. D1045.1. Magic ale. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 172.

D1046. D1046. Magic wine. Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman.

D1046.1. D1046.1. Consecrated wine as magic object. *Kittredge Witchcraft 148, 468f. nn. 97--101; Irish myth: Cross.

D1050. D1050. Magic clothes. BP II 527 n. 1.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “habit”, “йvкque”; India: Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 128, 131 No. 20, 264 No. 50.

D1050.1. D1050.1. Clothes produced by magic. *Type 510; *Cox Cinderella passim; Saintyves Perrault 151; Irish myth: Cross.

D1051. D1051. Magic cloth. Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 26; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 221; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 226; (Ibo, Nigeria): Thomas 124.

D1052. D1052. Magic garment (robe, tunic). *Fb “шnske” III 1178b.--Irish. Plummer clxxx, clxxxi, *Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “robe”; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 165; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth *491, 499f.; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 303 n. 109i.

D1052.1. D1052.1. Magic uniform. *Fb “guldmundering”.

D1053. D1053. Magic mantle (cloak). *Types 328, 400, 566; *Chauvin V 230; Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 323; *Cross MPh XVI 649; Kцhler-Bolte II 409.--Irish: *Cross, Beal XXI 328, O’Suilleabhain 85; Icelandic: *Boberg; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10; Hindu: Penzer I 25ff.; Japanese: Mitford 185ff.; Easter Island: Mйtraux Ethnology 367; N.A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 339 n. 221a.

D1055. D1055. Magic trousers (breeches). Fb “lжrredsbukser” II 501a, *“bukser” IV 77b.--Chinese: Werner 307, 309, 313.

D1056. D1056. Magic shirt. *BP I 42; Fb “skjorte” III 285b, W. S. Johnsson Om Sejrsskjorten (Danske Studier 1929 97ff.); Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Greek: Fox 94; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 241 No. 15.

D1057. D1057. Magic belt. *Type 590; *Fb “шnske” III 1178b, “trж” III 868a, “bжlte” IV 84a; Hdwb. d. Mдrchens II s.v. “Gьrtel”.--Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “ceinture”; Icelandic: De la Saussaye 286 *Boberg.--N. A. Indian (Passamaquoddy): Prince PAES X 31 No. 5, (Chipewyan [European borrowing]): Thompson CColl II 392, (Micmac): Rand 274, 369 Nos 46, 71, Leland 31, (Ojibwa): Schoolcraft Indian in his Wigwam (Buffalo, 1848) 106, (Quinault): Farrand JE II 114 No. 10.

D1057.1. D1057.1. Magic girdle. Herbert III 207; Oesterley No. 10.--Middle English: Wells 55 (Sir Gawayne and the Green Knight), 85 (Sowdone of Babylone); Irish: Plummer clxxxi, *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman; Chinese: Werner 218; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/152, 221, z-G. 3/1146, 1301.).

D1058. D1058. Magic underclothing.

D1058.1. D1058.1. Magic shift. Ward II 603.

D1061. D1061. Magic veil. Greek: Fox 262; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 201.

D1062. D1062. Magic stockings. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bas”; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 173.

D1063. D1063. Magic garter. *Fb “hosebеnd” I 650b; *Chauvin V 230 No. 130.

D1064. D1064. Magic pocket. Chauvin VI 104 No. 270 n. 2.

D1065. D1065. Magic footwear.

D1065.1. D1065.1. Magic boots. *Type 328; Saintyves Perrault 283, 286; Fb “stцvle” III 642a.--Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bottes”; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10; Russian: Andrejev No. 515**; Hindu: Penzer I 25ff.; N. A. Indian: cf. Thompson Tales 315 n. 145.

D1065.1.1. D1065.1.1. Boots produced by magic. Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 96f.

D1065.2. D1065.2. Magic shoes. Type 515**; *Chauvin V 229 No. 130; Penzer I 24 n. 1; Fb “sko” III 288a; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1065.3. D1065.3. Magic snowshoes. N. A. Indian (Menomini): Skinner JAFL XXVII 98.

D1065.4. D1065.4. Magic moccasins. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 303 n. 109i, 322 n. 164, (Zuсi): Parsons JAFL XXXI 242 No. 16.

D1065.5. D1065.5. Magic sandals. Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Fox 34, Frazer Apollodorus I 153 n. 3 (Perseus); India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer 28, III 56, VII 235.

D1065.6. D1065.6. Magic gaiters. Penzer I 27.

D1065.7. D1065.7. Magic slippers.

D1066. D1066. Magic glove. Fb “styrke” III 630a.--Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1067. D1067. Magic head-wear.

D1067.1. D1067.1. Magic hat. *Fb “hat” I 563b, “usynlig” III 985b; Mt. 581*; Saintyves Perrault 291.--Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Herrmann Saxo II 596; Greek: Fox 195 (Hermes); Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “chapeau”; N. A. Indian (Haida): Alexander N. Am. 261, (Lkuсgen): Hill-Tout JAI XXXVII 342.

D1067.2. D1067.2. Magic cap. *Types 328, 566; *BP I 470ff.; *Aarne MSFO XXV 116; *Chauvin V 229 No. 130; *Fb “kappe” II 89a, “шnske” III 1178b.--Icelandic: Bosa saga 38, Boberg; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 153 n. 3 (Perseus), Fox 34; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 253; Korean: Zong in-Sob 152ff.; Japanese: Mitford 185ff; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 339 n. 221a.

D1067.3. D1067.3. Magic hood. Irish myth: *Cross; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 470.

D1067.3.1. D1067.3.1. Magic cowl. Irish: Plummer clxxxi, *Cross.

D1067.4. D1067.4. Magic mask. Irish myth: Cross.

D1068. D1068. Magic collar. Irish myth: Cross.

D1068.1. D1068.1. Magic hunting collar. Irish myth: Cross.

D1069. D1069. Magic clothes--miscellaneous.

D1069.1. D1069.1. Magic handkerchief. Korean: Zong in-Sob 91f.

D1069.2. D1069.2. Magic feather dress.

D1070. D1070. Magic ornaments. Tawney I 300, II 150; De Cock Studien 156; Encyc. Rel. Ethics III 392--472.--Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1071. D1071. Magic jewel (jewels). **J. Evans Magic Jewels of the Middle Ages and Renaissance (Oxford, 1922); **G. F. Kunz The Magic of Jewels and Charms (Philadelphia, 1915); **R. Grцtzinger Das Geheimnis der Amulette und Talismane (Leipzig, 1919); **R. H. Laarsz Talismanische Magie (Leipzig, 1920); **E. A. W. Budge Amulets and Superstitions (Oxford, 1930); *Hdwb. d. Abergl. I 374; *Penzer III 167, VIII 172ff., 195 n. 1; *Chauvin V 4, 293 No. 443; *Reinhard PMLA XXXVIII 434 n. 32.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Ferguson 149, Eberhard FFC CXX 25, 67, 105.

D1071.0.1. D1071.0.1. Jewels produced by magic. *Type 403.--Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 329 nn. 190, 190a, 190b.

D1071.1. D1071.1. Magic beads. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “chapelet”.

D1072. D1072. Magic hair ornaments.

D1072.1. D1072.1. Magic comb. See references to D672; in a large proportion of the occurrences of that motif (Obstacle flight) the comb is one of the magic objects thrown. Kцhler-Bolte I 177.

D1072.2. D1072.2. Magic hairpin. Chinese: Werner 264.

D1072.3. D1072.3. Magic brooch. Penzer I 26.

D1073. D1073. Magic necklace. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 261, 263, *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer III 30f.

D1074. D1074. Magic bracelet. *Chauvin VI 107 No. 272 n. 4; Chinese: Werner 308f.

D1075. D1075. Magic bangle. India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Vai): Ellis 235 No. 36.

D1076. D1076. Magic ring. *Types 400, 554*, 560, 665; *Aarne MSFO XXV 43; *Bolte Reise der Sцhne Giaffers 214; *Kittredge Witchcraft 111, 439f. nn. 49--58; *Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XX 66; Kцhler-Bolte I 110f., 308ff.; *Fb “ring” III 60ab, “шnske” III 1178b; **A. Stern Hessische Blдtter fьr Volkskunde XXX 106; *Chauvin V 229 No. 130, VI 108 Nos. 272, 273; Penzer I 26, VI 73; Bйdier Fabliaux 442; Herbert III 207; *Oesterley No. 10.--Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 172, *Cross; English: Wells (King Horn) 9, 11 (Horne Childe and Maiden Rimnild), 65 (Ywain and Gawain), Child I 189f.; Icelandic: *Boberg; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Breton: *Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bague”; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Arabian: Burton Nights VI 243, VII 283, X 1--54, S III 51, 72, 136ff., S V 245; Chinese: Werner 331, Eberhard FFC CXX 67; Sumatran: Dixon 163; Africa (Wakweli): Bender 106.

D1077. D1077. Magic fan. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 242, 245, 359, 361f., Graham; Japanese: Ikeda.

D1078. D1078. Magic chain (ornament). Wesselski Mдrchen 174 No. 64; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1078.1. D1078.1. Magic blue ribbon. (Cf. D1835.4.) French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D1079. D1079. Magic ornaments--miscellaneous.

D1079.1. D1079.1. Magic crown. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D1079.2. D1079.2. Magic diadem. Jewish: Neuman.

D1079.3. D1079.3. Magic ornamental breastplate. (Cf. D1101.3.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1080. D1080. Magic weapons. Irish: *Cross, Plummer clxxxv; Icelandic: *Boberg; English: Wells 132 (Sir Launfal); Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Hindu: Keith 152; Chinese: Werner 161.

D1081. D1081. Magic sword. **Burton Sword; *Types 328, 611, 665; *Fb “svжrd” III 690ab; *MacCulloch Childhood 202; *Chauvin VI 66 No. 233; Gaster FL II 57; Penzer I 109 n. 1, IV 235f., VI 28 n. 2, 72 n. 1, VIII 154 n. 2.--Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 191, 197f.; Irish: O’Suilleabhain 63, Beal XXI 324, Plummer clxxxv, *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Finnish: Kalevala runes 12, 36, 39; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “йpйe”; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 67 No. 508*; Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 197; English: Wells 115 (Sir Eglamour of Artois); Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 63 n. 4; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Arabian: Burton Nights IV 176, VI 221f., 230, VII 41, 44, S VI 221f., 426, S VII 257; IndoChinese: Scott Indo-Chinese 303; Chinese: Werner 121, 236; Korean: Zong in-Sob 59; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 354; S. A. Indian (Mataco): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 132.

D1081.1. D1081.1. Sword of magic origin. Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 197; Irish myth: Cross; Indo-Chinese: Scott Indo-Chinese 303.

D1082. D1082. Magic saber. Type 308*, 576***; *Chauvin V 230 No. 130, 259 No. 154 n. 1.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “sabre”.

D1083. D1083. Magic knife. *Type 576**, 576******.--Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 68, Rasmussen I 230; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 127, 211.

D1083.1. D1083.1. Magic poignard (dagger). *Basset 1001 Contes I 143; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “poignard”.

D1084. D1084. Magic spear. (Cf. D1086.) MacCulloch Childhood 203; Greek: Fox 72 (Prokris); Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Gaster Thespis 158; Hindu: Keith 140; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 316, 355; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 492; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 192; Africa (Benga): Nassau 177 No. 24, (Duala): Lederbogen Mдrchen V 138.

D1084.1. D1084.1. Magic spear-head. Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 198f.; Africa (Benga): Nassau 177 No. 24 (version 1).

D1085. D1085. Magic javelin. Hindu: Tawney I 166.

D1086. D1086. Magic lance. *Gaster FL II 57; Irish myth: *Cross; Welsh MacCulloch Celtic 202; Jewish: Neuman.

D1087. D1087. Magic sling. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1091. D1091. Magic bow. *Type 592; Icelandic: *Boberg; Greek: Fox 139 (Odysseus); Hindu: Penzer IV 55; Chinese: Werner 312; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 213; S. A. Indian (Mataco): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 99.

D1092. D1092. Magic arrow. *Chauvin V 230 No. 130; Kцhler-Bolte I 554.--Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “flиches”; Greek: Pauly-Wissowa s.v. “Anaphe”, Fox 84, 131; Jewish: *Neuman; Hindu: Tawney I 166, 358, 438; Chinese: Werner 182, 312; Chinese-Persian: Coyajee JPASB XXIV 185; Hawaii: Dixon 75; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 315 n. 145a, 333 n. 203, 356 n. 287b, (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 318 No. 58, 514 No. 109, (Cree, Menominee): Skinner JAFL XXVII 98; Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 37, Rink 316; S. A. Indian (Jibaro, Eastern Equador): Boas JAFL XXXII 446 (from Karsten Myths of the Jibaros), (Mataco): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 99, 132, (Toba): ibid. 77; Africa (Fang): Einstein 71, (Vai): Ellis 191 No. 8; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 277 No. 89.

D1092.0.1. D1092.0.1. Magic arrow makes five wounds. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1092.1. D1092.1. Magic quiver. Hindu: Penzer IV 54.

D1093. D1093. Magic missile. Hindu: Meyer Hindu 75 n.; Fuegian: Alexander Lat. Am. 340; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 356 n. 287b.

D1093.1. D1093.1. Boomerang effect of hurled missiles caused by a saint. *Loomis White Magic 131.

D1093.1.1. D1093.1.1. Arrows returned upon those who shoot saint. *Loomis White Magic 114.

D1094. D1094. Magic cudgel (club). *Types 563, 534*; BP I 349ff.; *MacCulloch Childhood 214; Aarne MSFO XXVII 1--96; Gaster Thespis 158, Oldest Stories 231; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 49 No. 330; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 9; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 196; Tonga: Gifford 178; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 336 n. 214; S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 75; Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 44 No. 4; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 248 No. 25.

D1095. D1095. Magic hammer (Mjцlnir). Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 78ff.

D1096. D1096. Magic firearms.

D1096.1. D1096.1. Magic gun. *Type 304, 594*; *Fb “bшsse” IV 86b, “skyde” III 345b.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “fusil”; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 49 No. 330.

D1096.2. D1096.2. Magic pistol. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “pistolet”.

D1096.3. D1096.3. Magic bullet. Fb “sшlvknap”, “sшlvkugle” III 737a; Japanese: Ikeda.

D1097. D1097. Magic battle-axe. Chinese: Werner 196.

D1101. D1101. Magic armor. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Korean: Zong in-Sob 64; Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 16.

D1101.1. D1101.1. Magic shield. Andrews MPh. IX 27, 32.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 67 No. 508*A; Jewish: Neuman; N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin 5.

D1101.2. D1101.2. Magic cuirass. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 67 No.

D1101.3. D1101.3. Magic breastplate. Irish myth: Cross.

D1101.4. D1101.4. Magic helmet. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 47 n. 3.

D1101.5. D1101.5. Magic scabbard. Jewish: *Neuman.

D1101.6. D1101.6. Magic yoke.

D1102. D1102. Magic trident. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1110. D1110. Magic conveyances.

D1523.2.6. D1523.2.6. Bundle of wood magically acts as riding-horse.

D1111. D1111. Magic carriage. *Chauvin V 229 No. 130.

D1111.1. D1111.1. Carriage produced by magic. Saintyves Perrault 151ff.;

D1112. D1112. Magic cart. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “charette”.

D1113. D1113. Magic wagon. *Type 675; *Fb “vogn” III 1078a.

D1114. D1114. Magic chariot. *Chauvin V 229; Loomis White Magic 35f.; Jones PMLA XXIII 574; *Fb “guldkaret” I 513b.--Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: Fox 115, 119, 213, *Frazer Apollodorus I 38 n. 2; Jewish: *Neuman; Hindu: Keith 108, Penzer IV 3ff., 8ff.

D1115. D1115. Magic sleigh. Fb “kane”.

D1118. D1118. Magic airships. *BP III 273.--Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 275 n. 14d.

D1118.1. D1118.1. Magic air-riding basket. Cox Cinderella 323; N. A. Indian (Atsina): Curtis N. A. Indian V 123.

D1121. D1121. Magic boat. (Cf. D1123.) *Barry JAFL XXVIII 195.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; Arabian: Burton Nights I 242f.; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 150; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 154, 300, 417, Holm 43, Rasmussen III 102, 294, (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 26, 171, (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 500, (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XXII 17, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 41, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 181, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 628; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 275 n. 14a.

D1121.0.1. D1121.0.1. Boat made by magic. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bateau”; Finnish: Kalevala rune 16.

D1121.1. D1121.1. Magic hollow-log boat. N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 275 n. 14e.

D1122. D1122. Magic canoe. (Cf. D1121.) Marquesas: Handy 46; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 275 n. 14e.

D1122.1. D1122.1. Canoe made by magic. Polynesian, Melanesian, Indonesian: Dixon 68 nn. *39, *40; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 275 n. 14b; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 192.

D1123. D1123. Magic ship. (Cf. D1121.) *Fb “skib” III 242b, 243ab; *Chauvin V 201 No. 117 n. 1; cf. Cox Cinderella 159, 480 n. 11.--Irish myth: Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 192; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “navire”; English: Child IV 376--380, V 275f., 484 s.v. “Jonah”; Icelandic: *Boberg; Finnish: Kalevala rune 30, 39; Greek: Fox 138, *Frazer Apollodorus I 109 n. 4.

D1124. D1124. Magic oar. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “aviron”; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 153, 157.

D1124.1. D1124.1. Magic paddle. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1131. D1131. Magic castle. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “chвteau”; English: Wells 17 (Reinbrun, Gy sone of Warwike); Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 56 No. 408A*.

D1131.1. D1131.1. Castle produced by magic. *Type 554, 560, 561, 675, 512*; *Aarne MSFO XXV 44; *BP II 455ff., 547ff.; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1132. D1132. Magic palace. Irish myth: *Cross; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 56 No. 408*A; English: Wells 145 (Parthenope of Blois); India: Thompson-Balys Tawney I 257.

D1132.1. D1132.1. Palace produced by magic. *Chauvin V 63 No. 19. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 183.

D1133. D1133. Magic house. *Fb “hus” I 686b.--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1133.1. D1133.1. House created by magic. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 349 No. 60, 392 No. 70; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 77.

D1133.1.1. D1133.1.1. Magic house made by prayer. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1134. D1134. Magic church (temple).

D1134.1. D1134.1. Church produced by magic. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1136. D1136. Magic fort.

D1136.1. D1136.1. Fort produced by magic. Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “fort”.

D1138. D1138. Magic tent. *Chauvin VI 135 No. 286 n. 1; Icelandic: Hjбlmthиrs Saga ok Цlvis 468; Indonesian: DeVries Volksverhalen II 365, No. 114.

D1141. D1141. Magic room.

D1141.1. D1141.1. Magic kitchen. Hindu: Tawney II 226.

D1144. D1144. Magic stairs. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 49 No. 330.

D1145. D1145. Magic windows. Type 329; BP III 366.

D1146. D1146. Magic door (gate). Jewish: *Neuman; N. A. Indian (Shasta): Farrand-Frachtenberg JAFL XXVIII 216 No. 6.

D1146.1. D1146.1. Magic doorstep. Chinese: Graham.

D1147. D1147. Magic hearth. Irish myth: Cross.

D1148. D1148. Magic tomb. Jewish: Neuman.

D1149. D1149. Magic buildings and parts--miscellaneous.

D1149.1. D1149.1. Store, fully supplied, produced by magic. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1149.2. D1149.2. Magic tower. Jewish: Neuman.

D1149.3. D1149.3. Magic house-pillars. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 442.

D1150. D1150. Magic furniture. BP II 527.

D1151. D1151. Magic seat. *BP II 188.--Icelandic: De la Saussaye 286, Hrуlfs saga Kraka ch. 33, *Boberg.

D1151.1. D1151.1. Magic bench. *Type 330.

D1151.2. D1151.2. Magic chair. *BP II 188; *Chauvin V 229 No. 130.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “chaise”; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 322 No. 92; Greek: Fox 206, Frazer Apollodorus II 152 No. 4; Jewish: Neuman.

D1153. D1153. Magic table. *Types 563, 564; BP I 346ff.; *Aarne JSFO XXVII 1--96 passim, MSFO XXV 118; *Kцhler-Bolte I 109; *Chauvin V 272 No. 154.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; English: Wells 32 (Layamon‘s Brut); Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 297 No. 28.

D1153.1. D1153.1. Magic tablecloth. *Type 569, 851, 853; BP I 464ff.; *Aarne MSFO XXV 118; Penzer I 25f.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “serviette”.

D1154. D1154. Magic couch.

D1154.1. D1154.1. Magic bed. German: Grimm No. 4; Irish: O’Suilleabhain 57; Jewish: Neuman.

D1154.1.1. D1154.1.1. Magic bed-legs.

D1154.2. D1154.2. Magic sofa. *Chauvin V 230 No. 130.

D1154.3. D1154.3. Magic hammock. Africa (Vai): Ellis 200 No. 18.

D1154.3.1. D1154.3.1. Magic swing.

D1154.3.2. D1154.3.2. Magic palanquin.

D1154.4. D1154.4. Magic divan. (Cf. D1310.8.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1154.5. D1154.5. Magic pillow. Papua: Ker 109.

D1155. D1155. Magic carpet. *Chauvin V 230 No. 130; Fb “luftrejse” II 457a.--Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 111 No. 39; Chinese: Werner 192; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 62.

D1156. D1156. Magic throne. Chauvin V 230 No. 130.

D1157. D1157. Magic platform. *Chauvin V 230 No. 130.

D1158. D1158. Magic key. *Type 531.

D1161. D1161. Magic stove. *Fb “ovn” II 774a.

D1162. D1162. Magic light. *Types 328, 562; *Thompson CColl II 361ff.; *Fb “lys”; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1162.1. D1162.1. Magic lamp. *Types 561, 301C*; *BP II 544ff.--Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 45.

D1162.2. D1162.2. Magic candle. Type 301C*; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1162.2.1. D1162.2.1. Hand-of-glory. Magic candle made of criminal‘s hand. *Kittredge Witchcraft 144f., 463 nn. 50, 55; Penzer III 150; Baker AA old ser. I 51ff.; *Fb “tyvefinger”; *Taylor JAFL XXXI 561.--Irish myth: Cross; England, Ireland, Wales: *Baughman.

D1163. D1163. Magic mirror. *Type 709; *BP I 450, 463; *Bolte Reise der Sцhne Giaffers 202f.; *Chauvin VIII 191 No. 228; Kцhler-Bolte I 334; *Handwb. d. Abergl. IX Nachtrдge 565--577; *Fb “spejl” III 481a; *MacCulloch Childhood 34--37; *Cox Cinderella 483; Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 232.--Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 244, 331; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 111 No. 39; Aztec: Alexander Lat. Am. 62; Africa (Vai): Ellis 200 No. 18, (Fjort): Dennett 60 No. 12, (Angola): Chatelain 43, (Mpongwe): Nassau 15 No. 1.

D1164. D1164. Magic lock.

D1166. D1166. Magic altar. Jewish: Neuman.

D1167. D1167. Magic quilt.

D1170. D1170. Magic utensils and implements. Penzer IV 248.

D1171. D1171. Magic vessel. Fb “tшnde” III 934b.--Irish: Plummer clxxxv, *Cross.

D1171.1. D1171.1. Magic pot. *Types 565, 591; *Fb “potte” II 866f.; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 26ff; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 107, 272; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 220 No. 33, (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 40f. No. 4.

D1171.1.1. D1171.1.1. Magic coffee-pot. Fb “tшnde” III 934b.

D1171.2. D1171.2. Magic cauldron. Brown MPh XIV 385.--Irish: Plummer clxxxvi, *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 95, 101, 110; Hindu: Penzer VII 224f.

D1171.3. D1171.3. Magic kettle. *Fb “gryde” I 494b.--Japanese: Mitford 175ff.; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 349 n. 257.

D1171.4. D1171.4. Magic pitcher. *Chauvin V 230 No. 130; Penzer V 3 n. 1; Chinese: Graham.

D1171.5. D1171.5. Magic can. Fb “kande”.

D1171.6. D1171.6. Magic cup. Type 301C*; *Fb “sшlvbжger” III 736b, “tшnde” III 934b, “шnske” III 1178b, “bжger” IV 83a; *Loomis and Lindsay Magic Horn and Cup in Celtic and Grail Tradition (Romanische Forschungen XLV [1931] 66); *Boberg Des Knaben Wunderhorn-Oldenburgerhornet (Festskrift til L. L. Hammerich [Kшbenhavn, 1952] 53).--Irish: *Cross, MacCulloch Celtic 171; Welsh: ibid. 202f.; Manx: Hartland Science 156f.; Greek: Fox 86; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: *Neuman; Hindu: Penzer I 25.

D1171.6.1. D1171.6.1. Magic tankard. Chinese: Werner 382.

D1171.6.2. D1171.6.2. Magic goblet (glass). *Fb “tшnde” III 934b.--Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 213 n. 2.

D1171.6.3. D1171.6.3. Magic drinking horn. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Herrmann Saxo II 593, 596, *Boberg.

D1171.6.4. D1171.6.4. Magic chalice. Jewish: Neuman.

D1171.7. D1171.7. Magic vase: *Chauvin V 259 No. 154; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 348.

D1171.7.1. D1171.7.1. Magic jar. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 50f.

D1171.8. D1171.8. Magic bottle. *Kцhler-Bolte II 471; *Fb “flaske” I 309a; Hartland Science 142.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bouteille”, “flacon”; Chinese: Werner 202.

D1171.8.1. D1171.8.1. Magic cruet. Irish myth: Cross.

D1171.9. D1171.9. Magic barrel (cask). *Fb “styrke” III 630a, “tшnde” III 934b.--Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 297 No. 6.

D1171.10. D1171.10. Magic bucket. Chinese: Werner 221, 233.

D1171.11. D1171.11. Magic basket. Irish myth: *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 192; Chinese: Werner 233; Tonga: Gifford 113.

D1171.12. D1171.12. Magic basin. *BP II 40 n. 2.

D1171.13. D1171.13. Magic chamber-pot. *BP II 40 n. 2; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 452.

D1171.14. D1171.14. Magic tub. Irish myth: Cross.

D1171.15. D1171.15. Magic urn. Irish myth: Cross.

D1172. D1172. Magic dish. English: Child I 126.

D1172.1. D1172.1. Magic plate. *Fb “tшnde” III 934b.

D1172.2. D1172.2. Magic bowl. Irish myth: Cross.

D1173. D1173. Magic carving knife. (Cf. D1083.) Magic knife (weapon). English: Child I 266; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 293 n. 1.

D1173.1. D1173.1. Magic razor. Chinese: Werner 366; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 45 (version B).

D1174. D1174. Magic box. *Type 561; Cox Cinderella 484 n. 19, 489; *Chauvin V 230 No. 130.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “boоte”, “coffre”; Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 161; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 67; Japanese: Ikeda; N. A. Indian (Micmac, Maliseet): Thompson CColl II 398f.; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 185, (Angola): Chatelain 45.

D1174.1. D1174.1. Magic box containing castle. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *320.

D1175. D1175. Magic match. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “briquet”.

D1175.1. D1175.1. Magic tinder. Fb. “fyrtшj” I 390b.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “amadou”.

D1175.2. D1175.2. Magic fire-steel (flint, strike-a-light). *Type 562.

D1176. D1176. Magic key. Fb “nшgle”; Irish: O’Suilleabhain 27, 29, Beal XXI 309; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 221.

D1177. D1177. Magic spoon.

D1181. D1181. Magic needle. *Type 585; Fb “synеl”; Kцhler-Bolte I 187.--Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “aiguille”; Jewish: Neuman.

D1182. D1182. Magic pin. *Type 400; *Basset 1001 Contes I 143.

D1183. D1183. Magic scissors (shears). Kцhler-Bolte I 187; Fb “saks” III 143a.--Irish myth: *Cross; Chinese: Werner 158; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 45 (Version B).

D1184. D1184. Magic thread. Kцhler-Bolte I 187; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 152.

D1184.1. D1184.1. Magic ball of thread. *Kцhler-Bolte I 407; Fb “nшgle”.

D1184.2. D1184.2. Magic string. Penzer VI 59ff.

D1185. D1185. Magic shuttle. *Type 585.

D1186. D1186. Magic spindle. *Types 410, 585; Saintyves Perrault 62.

D1187. D1187. Magic awl. BP II 527.--Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 267; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “alиne”.

D1187.1. D1187.1. Magic auger. Icelandic: Snorra Edda Skaldsk. II, Boberg.

D1188. D1188. Magic hone. Icelandic: Snorra Edda Skaldsk. II, Boberg.

D1192. D1192. Magic purse. *Types 564, 566, 580*; *Aarne MSFO XXV 116; *Fb “pung”, “Fortunatus”.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bourse”, Hartland Science 174; Arabian: Burton Nights I 215; Hindu: Penzer I 20 n, 25ff.

D1193. D1193. Magic bag (sack). *Types 330, 563, 564; *Chauvin V 272 No. 154; Fb “ransel” “pose”.--Icelandic: *Boberg; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “blague”; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 49 No. 330; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 314f. No. 114, 322 No. 92; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 28.--N. A. Indian (Ojibwa, Potawatomi): Skinner JAFL XXVII 98.

D1193.1. D1193.1. Magic bag made from skin of crane (transformed woman). Irish myth: *Cross.

D1194. D1194. Magic umbrella. Chinese: Werner 12, 242.

D1195. D1195. Magic soap. Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 277.

D1196. D1196. Magic net. Africa (Benga): Nassau 186 No. 24 version 2.

D1202. D1202. Magic anvil. Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “enclume”; Chinese: Graham.

D1203. D1203. Magic rope. *Type 559; *BP II 539; Chinese: Werner 348; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 216; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 402.

D1204. D1204. Magic hoe. Africa (Zulu): Callaway 363.

D1205. D1205. Magic shovel. Fb “skovl”, “redskab”.

D1205.1. D1205.1. Magic spade. Fb “redskab”, “spade”; S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 3.

D1206. D1206. Magic axe. *Fb “styrke” III 630a, “redskab” III 30a, “шkse” III 1171b.--Icelandic: Bуsa Saga 58; Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 1055; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 107; Tahiti: Beckwith Myth 468.

D1206.1. D1206.1. Magic sickle. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1207. D1207. Magic wheel. *Fb “hjul”; Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1207.1. D1207.1. Destructive “rolling wheel” of druid. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1208. D1208. Magic whip. Fb “pisk”.--Chinese: Werner 161.

D1209. D1209. Miscellaneous utensils and implements.

D1209.1. D1209.1. Magic bridle. Greek: Fox 40.

D1209.2. D1209.2. Magic saddle. *Fb “guldsadel” I 514b, “шnske” III 1178b.

D1209.3. D1209.3. Magic plow. Fb “plov”; Irish myth: Cross.

D1209.4. D1209.4. Magic hammer. Type 308*; Jewish: Neuman; Korean: Zong in-Sob 144.

D1209.5. D1209.5. Magic fish-hook.

D1209.6. D1209.6. Magic thong. Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 267.

D1209.7. D1209.7. Magic game board (chessboard). Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1209.8. D1209.8. Magic broom. India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 152.

D1210. D1210. Magic musical instruments. Finnish: Kalevala rune 41; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 176 No. 25.

D1211. D1211. Magic drum. India: Thompson-Balys; Indo-Chinese: Scott 283; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 96; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 47, (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 90 No. 16, (Benga): Nassau 113 No. 11.

D1212. D1212. Magic rattle. Ibo (Nigeria): Thomas 119.

D1213. D1213. Magic bell. Fb “kirkeklokke”; *Thompson CColl II 348, 358, 363.--Irish: Plummer clxxvi--clxxvii, *Cross, Beal XXI 328, O’Suilleabhain 88; English: Child I 173, 231, III 235, 244, 519f.; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “cloche”; Jewish: *Neuman; Thompson River: Teit JAFL XXIX 320 No. 11.

D1213.1. D1213.1. Magic gong. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1221. D1221. Magic trumpet. *Aarne MSFO XXV 117; Jewish: Neuman; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 62.

D1222. D1222. Magic horn (musical). *Types 566, 569, 592; *BP I 464ff., 470ff., II 470ff.; *Aarne MSFO XXV 117.--Icelandic: *Boberg; English: Child I 15--17, 23, 55, 367; Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1223. D1223. Magic clarinet. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “clarinette”.

D1223.1. D1223.1. Magic flute. (Cf. D1224.) *Type 780; *Fb “flшjte”.--Icelandic: Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Ibo (Nigeria): Thomas 146.

D1224. D1224. Magic pipe (musical). *Aarne MSFO XXV 117; *Fb “rotte” III 83a, “шnske” III 1178b; *Type 570, 515*; Penzer III 187.--English: Child I 47; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “pipe”; N. A. Indian (Central Algonquin): Skinner JAFL XXVII 98.

D1224.1. D1224.1. Magic flageolet. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 75 No. 594*.

D1225. D1225. Magic whistle. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “sifflet”; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10; Missouri French: Carriиre.

D1225.1. D1225.1. Magic mouth harp. Chinese: Graham.

D1231. D1231. Magic harp. Hertz Spielmannsbuch 71, 363; *Fb “harpe” IV 201b; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; English: Child V 482 s.v. “harp”; Greek: Grote I 214; Jewish: Neuman.

D1231.1. D1231.1. Magic lyre. Greek: Fox 44 (Amphion).

D1232. D1232. Magic lute. Hindu: Tawney I 338 n; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 192, II 859.

D1233. D1233. Magic violin (fiddle). *Types 559, 577, 592, 851, 853; Fb “fiol” I 293b, “spille” III 488a; Basset RTP XXVI 266; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “violon”; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer III 187 n. 3; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 280 No. 91; Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 97, 100 No. 18.

D1233.1. D1233.1. Magic musical bow. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1234. D1234. Magic guitar. Chinese: Werner 121; Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 231, 278.

D1239. D1239. Magic musical instruments--miscellaneous.

D1240. D1240. Magic waters and medicines. *Types 331, 513, 551, 576****; *Penzer III 60ff.--Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “guйrison”; Greek: Fox 72 (Minos), 112 (Medea and Jason); Arabian: Burton Nights I 124, III 259, V 394, IX 204, S VI 328; Hindu: Tawney I 265, 360, 534, 554, II 4ff., 208, 211; Chinese: Werner 275ff.; Africa (Benga): Nassau 208 No. 33.

D1241. D1241. Magic medicine (= charm). Hindu: Tawney II 165; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Benga): Nassau 100, 139, 178, 208 Nos. 7, 15, 24 (version 1), 33, (Ekoi): Talbot 34, 178, 344, 359, (Hottentot): Bleek 55 No. 24, (Zanzibar): Bateman 204 No. 10, (Fang): Nassau 242 No. 9, (Basuto): Jacottet 212 No. 31.

D1242. D1242. Magic fluid. See references for D1040.--Chinese: Werner 216.

D1242.1. D1242.1. Magic water. (Note: here are included all references to magic water, whether as a remedy or as another type of magic agent). *Types 590, 613; *Christiansen FFC XXIV 79; *Chauvin VI 202; *Fb “vand”, “livets vand”; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) Nos. 34, 328; Kцhler-Bolte I 118, 143; Morgan MPh. VI 331; Nitze MPh. VII 145; *MacCulloch Childhood 67ff.--Irish: Plummer cl, clxxviii, clxxx, *Cross, O’Suilleabhain 69, Beal XXI 325; Icelandic: Gцngu Hrolfs Saga 309, Boberg; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: *Neuman; Babylonian: Spence 178; Arabian: Burton Nights S VI 213; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 28, III 227f., VI 5, 8, 62; Chinese: Werner 205.--N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 354 n. 279; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 47.

D1242.1.1. D1242.1.1. Baptismal water as magic object. *Kittredge Witchcraft 150f., 470 nn. 117--125; England: Baughman.

D1242.1.2. D1242.1.2. Holy water as magic object. Kittredge Witchcraft 124ff., 449f. nn. 1--33 passim; Irish myth: *Cross; England: Baughman.

D1242.2. D1242.2. Magic potion. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Юorsteinssaga Vikingssona (FAS II) 394, Flateyarbуk I 279, *Boberg; English: Wells 80 (Sir Tristrem), 145 (Parthenope of Blois), Child V 305b; Greek: Fox 200 (Phaon), *Grote I 219; Africa (Hottentot): Bleek 55 No. 24.

D1242.3. D1242.3. Magic drops. Type 576*****; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1242.4. D1242.4. Magic oil. India: Thompson-Balys; Jewish: *Neuman.

D1243. D1243. Magic pill. *Chauvin VIII 133 No. 126; India: Thompson-Balys, Meyer Hindu 193, Penzer II 183 n. 1, III 75f, VII 40 n. 1, 41ff., 222f.; Chinese: Werner 134, 159, 184f., 275ff., Eberhard FFC CXX 162.

D1244. D1244. Magic salve (ointment). *Type 611: *Fb “salve” III 150b, “шje” III 1166b; Chauvin V 41 No. 388, 146 No. 72; Penzer IV 90 n. 1, IX 45 n. 1; Griffith MLN XXV 102.--Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “onguent”; Greek: Roscher Lexikon s.v. “Achilleus” I 24, *Grote I 219; Chinese: Werner 276f., 281f; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 219 No. 73.

D1245. D1245. Magic perfume. *Chauvin V 10 No. 7, 60 No. 19 n. 1.

D1246. D1246. Magic powder. Type 726*; Chauvin VI 8 No. 273.--India: Thompson-Balys. Tawney I 378; Chinese: Werner 375; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 214 No. 73; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 142 No. 20.

D1248. D1248. Human liver as medicine. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1250. D1250. Miscellaneous magic objects.

D1251. D1251. Magic chain (iron).

D1251.1. D1251.1. Iron chain made by magic. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “chaine”.

D1252. D1252. Magic metal. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1252.1. D1252.1. Magic steel. Fb “stеl” III 647b; Penzer II 106 n. 4.

D1252.1.1. D1252.1.1. Magic iron. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1252.1.2. D1252.1.2. Magic nails. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1252.2. D1252.2. Magic copper. *Zingerle 589.

D1252.3. D1252.3. Magic gold.

A1252.4. Magic gold head.

D1254. D1254. Magic staff. (Cf. D1277.) *Fb “kjжp” II 150--151, “stav” III 541b.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 84, 111, *Boberg; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 302 No. 6; Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas@2 III 19, *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 22ff., IX 68f.; Chinese: Graham; Hawaii: Dixon 90; Marquesas: Handy 134; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 145, (Upoto): Einstein 142f., (Bakuba): ibid. 100.

D1254.1. D1254.1. Magic wand. *MacCulloch Childhood 205ff.; *Bolte Reise der Sцhne Giaffers 221; Saintyves Perrault 63; *Cox Cinderella 485.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Corpus Poeticum Boreale I 115; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “baguette”, “sommeil”, “navigation”; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 67 No. 510; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 9; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 324, 326.--N. A. Indian (Passamaquoddy): Leland 127, (Chilcotin): Farrand JE II 44 No. 30, (Bella Coola): Boas JE I 54, 57, (Kwakiutl): Boas and Hunt JE III 356, (Mandan): Curtis N. A. Indian V 39ff., (Salishan): Boas Proc. Am. Philosophical Soc. XXXIV 38.

D1254.1.1. D1254.1.1. Magic pair of sticks. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1254.2. D1254.2. Magic rod. (Cf. D1254.1.) Fb “pilegren”; Krappe MLN LVIII (1943) 515ff.--Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: *Neuman; Hindu: Penzer I 22ff.; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 87, 107; Hawaii: *Beckwith Myth 466; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 129, (Zulu): Callaway 307.

D1254.3. D1254.3. Magic pestle. Chinese: Eberhard 221; Africa (Tim): Frobenius Atlantis XI 224ff. No. 38, (Fang): Einstein 151.

D1254.4. D1254.4. Magic trident. Greek: *Grote I 180.

D1255. D1255. Magic tube. *Chauvin VI 133 No. 286 n. 2.

D1256. D1256. Magic ball. *Chauvin V 87 No. 27 n. 2, VII 98 No. 375 n. 3.--Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “boule”; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 315 n. 145b, Thompson CColl II 331 (Osage).

D1257. D1257. Magic fishhook. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “hameзon”; Maori: Dixon 43, Clark 153; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 420.

D1258. D1258. Magic bridge. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1258.1. D1258.1. Bridge made by magic. *Types 313, 314; Kцhler-Bolte I 195.--Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “pont”; Chinese: Werner 213; Japanese: Ikeda; N. A. Indian (Cherokee): Mooney RBAE XIX 319 No. 67, (Quinault): Farrand JE II 115 No. 10.

D1261. D1261. Magic cigar. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 56 No. 408*A.

D1262. D1262. Magic grinding-stone. Gold Coast: Barker and Sinclair 81 No. 13.

D1262.1. D1262.1. Magic millstone. Chinese: Eberhard 107.

D1263. D1263. Magic mill. *Type 565; BP II 439; Fb “salt”, “havet”, “kvжrn” *Dh II 155; Gering Festschrift fьr Eugen Mogh 37.--Irish: Plummer clxxxvi, *Cross.

D1264. D1264. Magic sphere. *Chauvin V 259 No. 154.

D1266. D1266. Magic book. *Chauvin V 135, 262, 295; Type 611; *Fb “Cyprianus” I 166--7, “bog”, “Cyprian” IV 88f.; Hartland Science 199.--Irish: Plummer clxxviii, *Cross; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 297 No. 29, 314 No. 102; Norwegian: Christiansen Norske Eventyr 90; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: *Neuman; Hindu: Penzer I 37 n. 2, 129f.

D1266.1. D1266.1. Magic writings (gramerye, runes). Child I 28, 48, 362, 391f., II 53ff., 506a; *Hdwb d. Abergl. I 1225; Krappe The Sending (Scandinavian Studies XVII [1943] 297--304).--Irish myth: *Cross, Beal XXI 311, O’Suilleabhain 33; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 46f., 295ff., *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman.

D1266.1.1. D1266.1.1. Magic ogam writing. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1266.2. D1266.2. Magic picture. Hdwb. d. Abergl. I 1282 s.v. “Bild”; Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Bild”.--Irish: O’Suilleabhain 33; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Werner 139, Graham, Eberhard FFC CXX 233f.

D1266.3. D1266.3. Magic story. Irish myth: Cross.

D1267. D1267. Magic card. *Kцhler-Bolte Zs f. Vksk. VI 62 (to Gonzenbach No. 10);--German Grimm No. 82.

D1268. D1268. Magic statue (doll). Basset RTP XXVI 22 (and following numbers passim).--Irish: Beal XXI 312; Italian Novella: Rotunda (D1295); Jewish: *Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 152; Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 494.

D1271. D1271. Magic fire. *BP I 440; *Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s. v. “Waberlohe”; Panzer Sigfrid 281 s.v. “Waberlohe”; Fb “ild” II 10a.--Irish: Plummer clxvi, cxxxviii, *Cross; Icelandic: Herrmann Saxo II 601, *Boberg; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “feu”; Jewish: *Neuman; Africa (Fang): Tessman 104.

D1272. D1272. Magic circle. *Types 810, 815; *Chauvin VII 104 No. 378; *Penzer II 98f., III 201, VI 167 n. 3; Saintyves RTP XXV 113; MacCartney Classical Weekly XXII 175 f.; *Loomis White Magic 100; Harou RTP XXV 294.--Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: *Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 237.

D1272.1. D1272.1. Magic line. Irish: Plummer clxxv, *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Koryak: Jochelson JE VI 364; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 79, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 177f., (West Hudson Bay): ibid. 308f.

D1273. D1273. Magic formula (charm). *Types 676, 677; DeCock Studien 156; Encyc. Religion and Ethics III 392; *Chauvin V 10 No. 7, 60 No. 19 n. 1; *Grendon JAFL XXII 105ff.; *Ohrt Danmarks Trylleformler, ibid. Trylleord Fremmede og Danske; *Hestesko FFC XIX; *Kittredge Witchcraft 31f., 386ff. nn. 71, 72, 90, 104; *Fb “Lжsning” II 502f.; Penzer I 138ff.--Irish: Plummer cl, clxxix, *Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “charme”, “blessure”; English: Child I 28, 48, 55, 391f., II 441, 445, 450; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 16; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 84 No. 746; Finnish: Kalevala runes 16, 26; Estonian: Loorits Grundzьge I 288f; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 300 No. 10; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.--Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 9, 61; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 101, 143, (Kaffir): Theal 41 No. 2, 45 No. 2, 30 No. 1, 125, (Ekoi): Talbot 401, (Yoruba): Ellis 253 No. 4, 271, (Basuto): Jacottet 100 No. 15, (Angola): Chatelain 183ff. No. 22.--Eskimo: Rink 107 No. 3.

D1273.0.1. D1273.0.1. Charm written in blood has magic power. (Cf. D1003.) Fb “blod” IV 47b.

D1273.0.2. D1273.0.2. Magic spells mixed with Christian prayers. *Kittredge Witchcraft 146, 465 n. 64; *Fb “Fader Vor” I 260.--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1273.0.3. D1273.0.3. Charm sung over flesh chewed by wizard has magic power. Irish myth: Cross.

D1273.0.4. D1273.0.4. Charm chanted standing on one foot with one eye shut, etc. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1273.0.5. D1273.0.5. Charm containing name of God. Jewish: Neuman.

D1273.1. D1273.1. Magic numbers. (Cf. Z71.) Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1273.1.1. D1273.1.1. Three as magic number. *Hdwb. d. Abergl. s. v. “Drei”; Irish myth: *Cross; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 8f.; Jewish: Neuman.

D1273.1.1.1. D1273.1.1.1. Three on a match (lighting cigarettes or cigars). England, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1273.1.1.2. D1273.1.1.2. Breakage of glass or crockery occurs in threes. One breakage is followed by two more. England, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1273.1.1.3. D1273.1.1.3. Deaths in a community come in threes. One death is shortly followed by two more. England, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1273.1.1.4. D1273.1.1.4. Three meditations on death which prevent laughter. Irish myth: Cross.

D1273.1.2. D1273.1.2. Four as magic number. Irish myth: *Cross; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 9.

D1273.1.2.1. D1273.1.2.1. Five as magic number. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1273.1.3. D1273.1.3. Seven as magic number. *Fb “syv”; Irish myth: *Cross; England: Baughman; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 9; Jewish: Neuman; Siberian: Holmberg Siberian 338.

D1273.1.3.1. D1273.1.3.1. Nine as magic number. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1273.1.4. D1273.1.4. Ten as magic number. Jewish: Neuman.

D1273.1.5. D1273.1.5. Twelve as magic number. Fb “tolv”; Gaster Thespis 369; Jewish: Neuman.

D1273.1.6. D1273.1.6. Thirteen as magic number. Jewish: Neuman; England, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1273.1.7. D1273.1.7. Magic numbers--miscellaneous.

D1273.1.7.1. D1273.1.7.1. 101 as magic number. French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 9.

D1273.1.7.2. D1273.1.7.2. 9999 as magic number. Persian: Carnoy 327.

D1273.2. D1273.2. Magic secret. Finnish: Kalevala rune 20.

D1273.3. D1273.3. Bible texts as magic spells. *Kittredge Witchcraft 146, 465 nn. 66, 67, 70; Jewish: *Neuman.

D1273.4. D1273.4. Magic measurement (height of Christ). Irish myth: Cross.

D1273.5. D1273.5. Magic oath. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1273.6. D1273.6. Magic alphabet. Jewish: Neuman.

D1274. D1274. Magic fetish. *Seligmann 39.--English: Child I 28, 48, 55, 57, 391; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 56, 148, 433, Rasmussen III 100, Holm 56; Africa (Fjort): Dennett 96, (Bushmen, South of Zambesi): Theal 56; S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 38.

D1274.1. D1274.1. Magic conjuring bag. Filled with nail parings, human hair, feet of toads, and the like. *Kittredge Witchcraft 48ff., 401f. nn. 197--208.--Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 403.

D1275. D1275. Magic song. Fb “synge” III 706b, “Kanariefugle” II 85; Hdwb. d. Abergl. IX Nachtrдge 424ff.; Kцhler-Bolte I 125.--Irish: Plummer clxxix, *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Finnish: Kalevala runes 8, 10, 12, 14, 15, 24, 40; Greek: Grote I 242; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 125; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 85, 125, (Angola): Chatelain 110ff. No. 7.

D1275.1. D1275.1. Magic music. *Krappe Classical Journal XXI 21ff.; *Fb “spille” III 488ab; Gaster Oldest Stories 131.--Irish: *Cross; Plummer clxxii, O’Suilleabhain 54, Beal XXI 320; English: Child V 489 s.v. “music”; Greek: Fox 193 (Hermes and Argos), Frazer Apollodorus I 17 (Orpheus).

D1275.2. D1275.2. Magic melody. (Cf. D1275.1.) *BP II 502.

D1275.3. D1275.3. Magic hymn. (Cf. D1275.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1275.4. D1275.4. Magic poem (satire).

D1276. D1276. Magic straw. *Fb “hest” I 598b; Irish: O‘Suilleabhain 98, Beal XXI 331.

D1277. D1277. Magic bachall. (Cf. D1254.) Irish: Plummer cl, clxxv, *Cross, O‘Suilleabhain 85, Beal XXI 328.

D1277.1. D1277.1. Magic crozier. Irish: Plummer cl, *Cross.

D1278. D1278. Ghoulish charm. Charm made from parts of corpse or things associated with corpse. *Kittredge Witchcraft 141ff., 458ff. nn. 1--55; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 148, 173, 347, Rasmussen II 233, III 105, Holm 15, (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 495.

D1278.1. D1278.1. Magic churchyard mould. *Fb “kirkegaardsmuld”, “grav”; Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 95; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1278.2. D1278.2. Sorcerers use marrow of corpses’ bones. Irish myth: Cross.

D1281. D1281. Magic dead fish. Hindu: *Penzer I 46ff.

D1281.1. D1281.1. Magic dead pig.

D1282. D1282. Magic coil. Chinese: Werner 358.

D1282.1. D1282.1. Magic knot. *Fb “vindknude”; Penzer II 189 n. 1; Jewish: Neuman.

D1282.1.1. D1282.1.1. Druid‘s knot: magic defense. Irish myth: Cross.

D1282.1.2. D1282.1.2. Magic phylactery. Jewish: Neuman.

D1282.2. D1282.2. Magic wisp. Irish myth: Cross.

D1283. D1283. Magic packet. Chinese: Werner 230.

D1284. D1284. Magic dice. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 379; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 151.

D1285. D1285. Magic spike. Chinese: Werner 123.

D1285.1. D1285.1. Spike produced by magic. Irish myth: Cross.

D1286. D1286. Magic horseshoe. *Fb “hestesko” I 603b, IV 213b; Frazer Golden Bough XII 309 s.v. “horseshoes”; **Means-Lawrence Magic of the Horseshoe.

D1287. D1287. Magic fly-whisk. Chinese: Werner 322.

D1288. D1288. Magic coin. *Type 745; *Fb “vekseldaler”; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 107, 152, 222; Japanese: Ikeda; N. A. Indian (Skaulitz): Hill-Tout JAI XXXIV 374.

D1291. D1291. Heavenly body as magic object.

D1291.1. D1291.1. Sun as magic object. Cox Cinderella 483.

D1291.1.1. D1291.1.1. Magic sun-ray. Jewish: Neuman.

D1291.2. D1291.2. Star as magic object. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1291.2.1. D1291.2.1. Sign in stars as portent. Irish myth: Cross.

D1291.2.2. D1291.2.2. Magic star later resolves into its elements. Irish myth: Cross.

D1292. D1292. Magic bird nest. Cox Cinderella 517.

D1293. D1293. Magic color.

D1293.1. D1293.1. Red as magic color. Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 300 No. 6; Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; Gaster Oldest Stories 69; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1293.2. D1293.2. Green as magic color. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1293.3. D1293.3. White as magic color. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1293.4. D1293.4. Black as magic color. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1294. D1294. Magic footprint. *Seligmann 153; Boberg.

D1295. D1295. Magic incense. Jewish: Neuman (D1297).

D1296. D1296. Sacred relic as magic object. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1297. D1297. Magic dye. Irish myth: Cross.

D1298. D1298. Magic firewood. Irish myth: Cross.

D1299. D1299. Other magic objects. Irish myth: Cross.

D1299.1. D1299.1. Magic sign (symbol, insignia). Irish myth: Cross.

D1299.2. D1299.2. Magic sepulchre (grave). Irish myth: Cross.

D1299.3. D1299.3. Magic cross. Irish myth: Cross.

D1299.4. D1299.4. Magic cotton-wool.

D1299.5. D1299.5. Magic pair of spectacles. India: Thompson-Balys.


D1300--D1599. Function of magic objects.



D1300. D1300. Magic object gives supernatural wisdom.

D1300.1. D1300.1. Hat gives magic wisdom. (Cf. D1067.1.) *Type 328.

D1300.2. D1300.2. Cap gives magic wisdom. (Cf. D1067.3.) *Type 328.

D1300.3. D1300.3. Magic well of wisdom. (Cf. D926.) Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 49, Boberg.

D1300.3.1. D1300.3.1. Streams of wisdom flow from magic well. (Cf. D915.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1300.4. D1300.4. Stone gives magic wisdom. (Cf. D931.) Jewish: Neuman; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1300.5. D1300.5. Staff gives magic wisdom. (Cf. D1254.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1300.6. D1300.6. Charm gives magic wisdom. (Cf. D1273.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1300.7. D1300.7. Fox-heart gives magic wisdom. (Cf. D1015.1.5.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1301. D1301. Magic object teaches animal languages. (Cf. D1268.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1301.1. D1301.1. Magic turf from church-roof teaches animal languages. (Cf. D934.) *Fb “grжstшrv”.

D1301.2. D1301.2. Drinking blood teaches animal languages. (Cf. D1041.)--**Scott Thumb; Panzer Sigfrid 281 s.v. “Vogelsprache”.--Icelandic: Vцlsungasaga 45, Boberg.

D1301.3. D1301.3. Marvelous ruby teaches bird‘s speech. (Cf. D1071.)--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1301.4. D1301.4. Bird’s head (when eaten) teaches animal languages. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1302. D1302. Magic object teaches magic.

D1302.1. D1302.1. Magic axe teaches magic. (Cf. D1206) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1305. D1305. Magic object gives power of prophecy.

D1305.1. D1305.1. Drop of water from Paradise gives power of prophecy. (Cf. D1242.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1310. D1310. Magic object gives supernatural information.

D1310.1. D1310.1. Magic seat gives omniscience. (Cf. D1151.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1310.2. D1310.2. Drop from magic cauldron gives supernatural information. (Cf. D1171.2.)--Irish myth: *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 110.

D1310.3. D1310.3. Intelligent ship. (Cf. D1123.)--Icelandic: Boberg; English: Child IV 376--80, V 275f.

D1310.4. D1310.4. Magic object tells how another fares.

D1310.4.1. D1310.4.1. Magic ring tells how another fares. (Cf. D1076.)--*Kittredge Witchcraft 111, 440 n. 55.

D1310.4.2. D1310.4.2. Magic plant bears fruit to indicate that heroine is ready to marry. (Cf. D965.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1310.4.3. D1310.4.3. Barley plant droops if prince is in trouble. (Cf. D965.15.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1310.5. D1310.5. Magic staff gives supernatural information. (Cf. D1254.)----Irish myth: Cross.

D1310.6. D1310.6. Magic charm gives knowledge. (Cf. D1273.)--Irish myth: Cross.

D1310.7. D1310.7. Singing of wave gives supernatural information. (Cf. D911.1.)--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1310.8. D1310.8. Speaking and walking divan brings supernatural information. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1310.9. D1310.9. Magic water gives knowledge. (Cf. D1242.1.)--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1310.10. D1310.10. Magic fruit gives supernatural knowledge.

D1310.10.1. D1310.10.1. Magic apple gives supernatural knowledge. (Cf. D981.1.)--Jewish: Neuman.

D1310.10.2. D1310.10.2. Magic fig gives supernatural knowledge. (Cf. D981.5.)--Jewish: Neuman.

D1310.10.3. D1310.10.3. Magic grape gives supernatural knowledge. (Cf. D981.8.)--Jewish: Neuman.

D1310.11. D1310.11. Magic nut gives supernatural knowledge. (Cf. D985.)--Jewish: Neuman.

D1311. D1311. Magic object used for divination. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1311.1. D1311.1. Harp struck for divination. (Cf. D1231.)--Africa (Mpongwe): Nassau 15 No. 1.

D1311.2. D1311.2. Mirror answers questions. (Cf. D1163, D1323.1.)--*Type 709; *Bцklen Sneewittchenstudien 70 (Leipzig, 1915); *MacCulloch Childhood 34ff.; *BP I 463; *Cox Cinderella 483.--Africa (Angola): Chatelain 29.

D1311.3. D1311.3. Oracular fountain. (Cf. D925.)--Irish: Plummer cli, *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1311.3.1. D1311.3.1. Spring gives omens. (Cf. D927.)--Type 709; Bцklen Sneewittchenstudien (Leipzig, 1915) 73; *Kittredge Witchcraft 34, 394 n. 116.

D1311.3.1.1. D1311.3.1.1. Divination by water. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1311.4. D1311.4. Oracular tree. (Cf. D950.)--Irish: Plummer cliii, *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.

D1311.4.0.1. D1311.4.0.1. Oracular twig. (Cf. D953, D1254.2, D1311.15, D1314.2.)--Irish myth: Cross; Norse: MacCulloch Eddic 86; Tacitus Germania Ch. 10.

D1311. D1311. Sight of magic twigs gives foreknowledge of day’s events. Irish myth: Cross.

D1311.4.0.2. D1311.4.0.2. Falling of two trees reveals Savior‘s will as to separation of friends. Irish myth: Cross.

D1311.4.1. D1311.4.1. Tree appealed to as arbitrator. Penzer V 60.

D1311.4.1.1. D1311.4.1.1. Ash (quicken, rowan) used (by druids) for divinations. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1311.4.1.2. D1311.4.1.2. Hazel used by druids for divination. (Cf. D950.1.)--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1311.4.2. D1311.4.2. Speaking trees give prophecy. Jewish: *bin Gorion Born Judas@2 III 140, 307.

D1311.5. D1311.5. Oracular flame. (Cf. D1271.)--Norwegian: Dasent Popular Tales from the Norse (New York, 1888) 261.

D1311.6. D1311.6. Divination by heavenly bodies. (Cf. D1291.)--Jewish: Neuman.

D1311.6.0.1. D1311.6.0.1. Divination by looking upon astrolabe. Jewish: Neuman.

D1311.6.1. D1311.6.1. Moon (stars) answers questions. Africa (Tonga): Junod 266ff., (Swahili): Baker FL XXXVII 299f. No. 16.

D1311.6.2. D1311.6.2. Magic cloud answers questions. (Cf. D901.) Chinese: Graham.

D1311.6.3. D1311.6.3. Sun answers questions. (Cf. D1291.1.)--Type 709; *Bцklen Sneewittchenstudien (Leipzig, 1915) 72; Cox Cinderella 483.

D1311.6.4. D1311.6.4. Divination by stars. (Cf. D1291.2.)--Jewish: Neuman; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 828.

D1311.7. D1311.7. Oracular image. (Cf. D1268.)--*Dickson 193 (n. 75) ff.

D1311.7.1. D1311.7.1. Oracular artificial head. (Cf. D1268.)--*Dickson 200 n. 94, 213 n. 145.

D1311.7.2. D1311.7.2. Oracular brazen lion. Dickson 197 n. 83.

D1311.8. D1311.8. Divination by head (skull). (Cf. D992, D1610.5, M118.)--*Dickson 201 n. 97; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 46.

D1311.8.1. D1311.8.1. Dog’s head used for divination. (Cf. D1011.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1311.8.2. D1311.8.2. Cut-off head prophesies fight. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1311.9. D1311.9. Coconut shell answers questions. Sinks for yes, floats for no. (Cf. D985.1.)--Sulka of New Britain: Dixon 132 and 132 n. 2.

D1311.10. D1311.10. Divination by part of animal‘s body.

D1311.10.1. D1311.10.1. Divination by shoulder-bone of sheep. (Cf. D1013.)--*Kittredge Witchcraft 144, 462 n. 44.

D1311.10.2. D1311.10.2. Divination from gall and liver of pig. (Cf. D1015.2.) Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 19 note 1, 91.

D1311.11. D1311.11. Oracular river. (Cf. D915.)

D1311.11.1. D1311.11.1. River says, “The time has come but not the man”. Man thus induced to drown himself.--*Fb “tid” III 789b; *Lizbarski Am Urds-Brunnen IV 56.--England: Baughman; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 54 No. 460; Netherlands: Sinninghe FFC CXXXII 52 No. 1; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3495; Livonian: Loorits in FFC LXVI 45 No. 44f.; Estonian: Aarne in FFC XXV 136 No. 95.

D1311.12. D1311.12. Oracular bell. (Cf. D1213.)

D1311.12.1. D1311.12.1. Bell sounds to designate pope. (Cf. D1213.)--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “cloche”.

D1311.13. D1311.13. Plant used for divination. (Cf. D965.)

D1311.13.1. D1311.13.1. Mandrake as magic forecaster. (Cf. D965.1, D1314.7.1.)--*Starck; *Taylor JAFL XXXI 561f.

D1311.13.2. D1311.13.2. Weeds used for divination. Africa (Fang): Einstein 51.

D1311.14. D1311.14. Divination from chance reading of sacred (magic) book. Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1311.15. D1311.15. Magic rod used for divination. (Cf. D1311.4.0.1.)--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1311.15.1. D1311.15.1. Magic yew rod used by druid to discover whereabouts of woman carried off by fairies to underground retreat. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1311.16. D1311.16. Oracular stone. (Cf. D931.) Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 89.

D1311.16.0.1. D1311.16.0.1. Saint’s blessing makes stone oracular. Irish myth: Cross.

D1311.16.1. D1311.16.1. Number of screams from stone indicates number of kings to descend from man standing upon it. Irish myth: Cross.

D1311.17. D1311.17. Divination by magic weapon. (Cf. D1080.)

D1311.17.1. D1311.17.1. Magic spear gives omen of victory. (Cf. D1084.)--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1311.17.2. D1311.17.2. Divination by magic arrow. (Cf. D1092.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1311.17.3. D1311.17.3. Lance sounds when knocked on shield, except when its owner will be defeated. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1311.18. D1311.18. Oracular ring. (Cf. D1076.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1311.19. D1311.19. Divination by water. (Cf. D1242.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1311.20. D1311.20. Oracular pubic hair. (Cf. D991.2.)--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1311.21. D1311.21. Divination by cup. (Cf. D1171.6.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1311.22. D1311.22. Divination from (sound of) wind. (Cf. D906.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1311.23. D1311.23. Divination with chessboard. (Cf. D1209.7.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1312. D1312. Magic object gives advice. *Huet 94.--N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 297 n. 86b.; Africa (Bankon): Ittman 97.

D1312.1. D1312.1. Bodily members as advisers. (Cf. D990.)--N.A.Indian: *Thompson Tales 318 n. 150.

D1312.1.1. D1312.1.1. Excrements as advisers. (Cf. D1002.)--N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 296 n. 83c.

D1312.2. D1312.2. Magic bone gives advice. (Cf. D1013.)--Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 192 No. 28.

D1312.3. D1312.3. Speaking grass gives advice. (Cf. D965.12.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1312.4. D1312.4. Magic book gives advice. (Cf. D1266.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1313. D1313. Magic object points out road. *BP I 434.--Irish myth: Cross; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 297 n. 86c.

D1313.1. D1313.1. Magic ball indicates road. Rolls ahead. (Cf. D1256.)--Type 425; Tegethoff 43; *Chauvin V 87 No. 27 n. 2, VII 98 No. 375 n. 3; *Kittredge Gawain 170 n. 2.--Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “boule”; India: Thompson-Balys; U.S. (Ozarks): Randolph Who Blowed Up the Church House (New York, 1953) 59.

D1313.1.1. D1313.1.1. Magic ball of thread indicates road. Rolls ahead. (Cf. D1184.1)--*Kцhler-Bolte I 407; BP I 434; Fb “nшgle”.

D1313.1.2. D1313.1.2. Magic rolling cake indicates road. (Cf. D1031.2.) BP III 458f.; Hdwb. d. Mдrch. I 335a.

D1313.2. D1313.2. Hat thrown in air indicates road. (Cf. D1067.1.)--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “chapeau”.

D1313.3. D1313.3. Copper horseman indicates road. By striking his hand one makes him turn and indicate the proper road for travelers. (Cf. D1268, D1626.)--Chauvin V 33 No. 16.

D1313.4. D1313.4. Blinded trickster directed by trees. He asks them their names and by their answers he can tell where he is. (Cf. D950.)--N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 297 n. 86a.

D1313.5. D1313.5. Magic stick indicates road. (Cf. D1254.)--Fb “kjжp” II 151a.

D1313.5.1. D1313.5.1. Saint‘s staff as an excellent pilot at sea. *Loomis White Magic 90.

D1313.5.2. D1313.5.2. Reed as direction finder. (Cf. D953) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1313.6. D1313.6. Magic apple indicates road. Rolls ahead. (Cf. D981.1.)--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1313.7. D1313.7. Magic flute indicates road. (Cf. D1223.1.)--Africa (Ibo of Nigeria): Thomas 146.

D1313.8. D1313.8. Magic two-edged knife indicates direction. Points in proper direction; bends downward to indicate wrong direction. (Cf. D1083.)--Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 127.

D1313.9. D1313.9. Charm (medicine) indicates direction. (Cf. D1241.)--Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 34.

D1313.10. D1313.10. Magic feather indicates road. (Cf. D1021.)--*BP II 37.

D1313.11. D1313.11. Magic fountain indicates road for saint by removing itself. (Cf. D925.)--Irish: Plummer cli, *Cross.

D1313.12. D1313.12. Magic cake indicates road. Rolls ahead. (Cf. D1031.2.)--*Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Ariadnefaden” n. 12.

D1313.13. D1313.13. Magic shoe points out road. (Cf. D1065.2.)--Scottish: Campbell-McKay No. 22.

D1313.14. D1313.14. Magic thornbush points out road. (Cf. D958.)--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1313.15. D1313.15. Magic wheel indicates road. (Cf. D1207.)--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1313.16. D1313.16. Magic pillar of fire indicates direction. (Cf. D1271.)--Jewish: Neuman.

D1314. D1314. Magic object indicates desired place. Irish myth: Cross; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 70f. Nos 598--604; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Werner 197.

D1314.0.1. D1314.0.1. Magic object shows place where person has been killed. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1314.1. D1314.1. Magic arrow indicates desired place. (Cf. D1092.)

D1314.1.1. D1314.1.1. Magic arrow shot to determine place to lodge for night. Kцhler-Bolte I 554.

D1314.1.2. D1314.1.2. Magic arrow shot to determine where to build city. (Cf. D1314.4.) *Kцhler-Bolte I 554.

D1314.1.3. D1314.1.3. Magic arrow shot to determine where to seek bride. Kцhler-Bolte I 419, 554.--English: Child II 499; India: Thompson-Balys; Hawaii: Dixon 75f. n. 65.

D1314.1.4. D1314.1.4. Magic arrow indicates place to build church. Fb “kirke” II 125a.

D1314.1.5. D1314.1.5. Arrow shot to determine burial place. English: Child I 185. III 106.

D1314.1.6. D1314.1.6. Arrow shot into air discovers iron pit.--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1314.1.7. D1314.1.7. Arrow shot to discover direction of attacking army. Jewish: Neuman.

D1314.2. D1314.2. Magic wand (twig) locates hidden treasure. (Cf. D954, D1254, D1254.2.)--*Barrett and Besterman The Divining Rod (London 1926); Encyc. Religion and Ethics II 832a; Fb “finkelrut”, “skat”, “pilegren”; *Norlind Skattsдgner 28.--Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 86; Eng., U.S.; *Baughman; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 77 No. 650.

D1314.2.1. D1314.2.1. Divining rod sinks at place where tribe shall settle. S. A. Indian (Inca): Alexander Lat. Am. 249.

D1314.2.2. D1314.2.2. Divining rod (twig) locates underground water supply. Ireland, England, U. S.: *Baughman.

D1314.2.3. D1314.2.3. Divining rod points to house of thief. England: Baughman.

D1314.2.4. D1314.2.4. Divining rod (twig) points out spot where unwed mother had drowned child. U.S.: Baughman.

D1314.2.5. D1314.2.5. Saint‘s staff becomes tree to indicate building site. England: Baughman.

D1314.2.6. D1314.2.6. Golden staff stuck into ground finds site for city. S. A. Indian (Inca): Rowe BBAE CXLIII (2) 317.

D1314.3. D1314.3. Saint’s bachall discovers gold. (Cf. D1277.)--Irish: Plummer clxxv, Cross.

D1314.4. D1314.4. Bell indicates place for settlement. Remains dumb until place destined for saint‘s final settlement is reached. (Cf. D1213, D1314.1.2, D1314.2.1.)--Irish: Plummer clxxvii, *Cross.

D1314.4.0.1. D1314.4.0.1. Saint’s bell lands at place where monastery is to be founded. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1314.4.1. D1314.4.1. Bell rings to indicate location of well. Irish myth: Cross.

D1314.5. D1314.5. Hand-of-glory indicates location of treasure. (Cf. D1162.2.1.)--*Kittredge Witchcraft 144, 463 n. 50.

D1314.6. D1314.6. Loaf of bread locates drowned man. Floated on water comes to rest directly over corpse. (Cf. D1031.1.)--*Kittredge Witchcraft 48, 400 n. 194; England: *Baughman.

D1314.7. D1314.7. Magic plant (flower) shows location of treasure. (Cf. D965, D975.)--*Norlind Skattsдgner 19ff.--Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3646.

D1314.7.1. D1314.7.1. Mandrake shows location of treasure. (Cf. D965.1, D1311.13.)--*Norlind Skattsдgner 23ff.; Penzer III 153.

D1314.8. D1314.8. Jewels aid in search for treasure. (Cf. D1071.)--*Norlind Skattsдgner 29.

D1314.9. D1314.9. Magic cloth leads owner to lost horses. (Cf. D1051.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1314.10. D1314.10. Fiery pillar guides person (to church). (Cf. D1271.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1314.11. D1314.11. Seat-pillars thrown in the sea (with god‘s image) indicate where to settle. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1314.12. D1314.12. Coffin lands where the dead is to be buried, and his son to settle. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1314.12.1. D1314.12.1. Rope breaks at proper burial place. (Cf. D1203.) Chinese: Graham.

D1314.13. D1314.13. Star indicates location of newborn hero. Irish myth: Cross.

D1314.13.1. D1314.13.1. Star of Bethlehem. Irish myth: Cross.

D1314.14. D1314.14. Four balls given to each of four impoverished men point out places where they should dig. (Cf. 1256.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1314.15. D1314.15. Dried root sprouts when planted to indicate spot where holy man should set up his abode. (Cf. D967.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1315. D1315. Magic object locates lost person.

D1315.1. D1315.1. Magic arrow locates lost person. (Cf. D1314.1.ff.) S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 147.

D1316. D1316. Magic object reveals truth. (Cf. D1318.) Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1316.1. D1316.1. Stone reveals truth. (Cf. D931.) Icelandic: *Boberg; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 29ff., 43ff.

D1316.2. D1316.2. Magic lamp indicates falsehood by lighting. (Cf. D1162.1.) India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 43ff. (Version B.)

D1316.3. D1316.3. Speaking spittle reveals truth. (Cf. D1001.) Africa (Zulu): Callaway 64.

D1316.4. D1316.4. Magic ring permits owner to learn person’s secret thoughts. (Cf. D1076.)--Chauvin VI 108 No. 272.

D1316.4.1. D1316.4.1. Magic ring shows the true nature of its possessor. (Cf. D1076.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1316.4.2. D1316.4.2. Magic spectacles allow wearer to read others‘ thoughts. (Cf. D1299.5.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1316.5. D1316.5. Magic speaking reed (tree) betrays secret. King has whispered secret to hole in the ground. Reed growing from this hole tells the secret.--*Kцhler-Bolte I 383 n. 1, 511, 587; Sйbillot RTP I 327, VII 356; *Zs. d. deutschen morgenland. Gesel. XL 549; Crooke FL XXII 183; *BP IV 147 n. 7 (Celtic): *Basset 1001 Contes II 258; Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1316.5.1. D1316.5.1. Voice comes forth from tree, revealing truth. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1316.6. D1316.6. Magic goblet (cup) indicates truth or falsehood. (Cf. D1171.6.2.) Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1316.7. D1316.7. Magic sod indicates falsehood by turning grassy surface downward, truth by turning it upward. (Cf. D934.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1316.8. D1316.8. Magic collar indicates falsehood by squeezing throat (hand, foot), truth by falling to ground. (Cf. D1068.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1316.9. D1316.9. Magic epistle (brought from apostle) assures wearer will utter truth. (Cf. D1266.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1316.10. D1316.10. Pig cooked when true story is told. (Cf. D1281.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1316.11. D1316.11. Sword turns upon owner when untruth is uttered. (Cf. D1081.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1316.12. D1316.12. Magic root reveals truth when water is poured over it. (Cf. D967.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1316.13. D1316.13. Magic bird‘s tongue reveals truth. (Cf. D1011.6.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1317. D1317. Magic object warns of danger. Irish myth: Cross.

D1317.0.1. D1317.0.1. Magic object detects poison. (Cf. D1317.4.)--*Penzer I 110, IV 228 n. 1, IX 143; Dickson 228 n.

D1317.1. D1317.1. Buttocks as magic watcher. (Cf. D999.)--N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 296 n. 83.

D1317.2. D1317.2. Magic gall-bladder warns of danger. (Cf. D1015.2.)--Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 214 No. 32.

D1317.3. D1317.3. Magic swallow-skin warns of danger. (Cf. D1025.4.)--Africa (Zulu): Callaway 53.

D1317.4. D1317.4. Magic bracelet warns of poison. (Cf. D1074, D1317.0.1.)--*Chauvin VI 107 No. 272 n. 4.

D1317.4.1. D1317.4.1. Truth-telling voice in wall warns against poisoned food. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1317.5. D1317.5. Magic ring gives warning. (Cf. D1076.)--Type 425; Tegethoff 34f.--Icelandic: *Boberg; English: Wells II (Horn Childe and Maiden Rimnild).

D1317.5.1. D1317.5.1. Magic ring warns of poison. (Cf. D1076, D1317.4, D1317.0.1.)--Kittredge Witchcraft III, 440 n. 58.

D1317.5.2. D1317.5.2. Magic ring awakens person in morning. (Cf. D1076.)--*Fb “ring” III 60b.

D1317.6. D1317.6. Magic sword gives warning. (Cf. 1081.)

D1317.6.1. D1317.6.1. Sword bursts in son‘s hand when he is about to kill his father. *Fb “svжrd” III 690b.

D1317.7. D1317.7. Magic bell gives alarm. (Cf. D1213.)--French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 73; cf. Types 327A, 328.--Thompson River: Teit JAFL XXIX 320 No. 11.

D1317.8. D1317.8. Magic dice give warning. Tell their master, a thief, when to seek safety (Cf. D1284.)--Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 379.

D1317.9. D1317.9. Statue gives warning. (Cf. D1268.)

D1317.9.1. D1317.9.1. Brass (copper) statue at city gates blows on trumpet at stranger’s approach. *Chauvin V 30 No. 13 n. 1, 265 No. 154.

D1317.10. D1317.10. Wagon refuses to move because ghost is sitting in it. (Cf. D1113, D1654.5.)--Fb “vogn” III 1078a.

D1317.11. D1317.11. Bedstead warns of danger of snake. (Cf. D1154.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1317.12. D1317.12. Magic stone gives warning. (Cf. D931.) Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 300.

D1317.12.1. D1317.12.1. Stone bleeds three days before church is plundered. Irish myth: Cross.

D1317.13. D1317.13. Magic shield roars when bearer is in danger. (Cf. D1101.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1317.14. D1317.14. Bones (human) warn of danger. (Cf. D1007.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 265.

D1317.15. D1317.15. Golden cock on tent warns against danger. Norse: *Boberg.

D1317.16. D1317.16. Magic spear warns of danger. (Cf. D1084.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1317.17. D1317.17. Knife sings as warning of fraud. (Cf. D1083.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1317.18. D1317.18. Magic drinking horn gives warning. (Cf. D1171.6.3.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1317.19. D1317.19. Cloak warns. (Cf. D1053) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1317.20. D1317.20. Tree warns of danger. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1317.21. D1317.21. House-pillars warn. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 442.

D1317.22. D1317.22. Water rages by boat of would-be murderer. (Cf. D1242.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 317, 321, III 300, Holm 45, Rink 147.

D1318. D1318. Magic object reveals guilt.

D1318.0.1. D1318.0.1. Magic object picks out guilty man. Basset RTP VII 621.

D1318.1. D1318.1. Stone reveals guilt.

D1318.1.1. D1318.1.1. Stone bursts as sign of unjust judgment. *Fb “sten” III 554a.

D1318.2. D1318.2. Dead fish reveals guilt.

D1318.2.1. D1318.2.1. Laughing fish reveals unjust judgment. A severe judgment is rendered for a small offence. As the convicted man is being led away, a dead (dried) fish is heard to laugh. The fish reveals that he has laughed at the foolishness of the judge who, while he punishes minor offences severely, is unable to see the capital crimes in his own household. (Cf. D1281.) *Bolte Reise der Sцhne Giaffers 216.--India: Thompson-Balys, *Penzer I 46ff., VII 254, IX 142.--Cf. Child I 241, II 501b, IV 452a, V 288b.

D1318.3. D1318.3. Charms indicate guilt. (Cf. D1274.)--Africa (Bushman): Theal Zambesi 56.

D1318.4. D1318.4. Magic seed indicates guilt. (Cf. D971.)

D1318.5. D1318.5. Blood indicates guilt or innocence. (Cf. D1003.) Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Blut”; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1318.5.1. D1318.5.1. Blood springs from murderer’s finger when he touches victim. Fb “blod” IV 47a.

D1318.5.2. D1318.5.2. Corpse bleeds when murderer touches it. **Christensen (C. V.) Baareprшven (1900); Fb “blod” IV 47a; Knudsen (H.) En Baareprшve (Danske Studier 1932 69ff.); Von Kьnssberg Jahrb. f. historische Volksk. I (1925) 94, 120; Jobbй-Duval Essais de folklore juridique@2 (Paris, 1920); English: Child II 143, 146, 148, 153, IV 468a, *Baughman; North Carolina: Brown Coll. I 639; Jewish: Neuman.

D1318.5.3. D1318.5.3. Each drop of innocent blood turns to burning candle. English: Child I 172, II 39b.

D1318.5.4. D1318.5.4. Speaking blood reveals murder. Frazer Old Testament I 101; Fb “blod” IV 47ab; Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Blut”.

D1318.5.5. D1318.5.5. Blood drops from stone to indicate girl‘s innocence. Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 47 No. 87**.

D1318.5.6. D1318.5.6. Blood bubbles at place of murder. Jewish: Neuman.

D1318.6. D1318.6. Divining bones reveal guilt. (Cf. D1013.)--Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 180 No. 26.

D1318.7. D1318.7. Flesh reveals guilt.

D1318.7.0.1. D1318.7.0.1. Speaking flesh reveals murder. Molucca: Dixon 230.

D1318.7.1. D1318.7.1. Flesh of animal reveals guilt. (Cf. D1017.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1318.7.1.1. D1318.7.1.1. Flesh of stolen animal cannot be cooked (turns putrid). Irish: Plummer cxliii, Cross.

D1318.7.1.2. D1318.7.1.2. Food sticks in thief’s throat and betrays him. (Cf. D1030.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1318.8. D1318.8. Magic cloth reveals guilt. (Cf. D1051.)

D1318.8.1. D1318.8.1. Magic cloth betrays thief. Calls out, telling who is wearing it. Ibo of Nigeria: Thomas 124.

D1318.9. D1318.9. Ring reveals guilt. (Cf. D1076.)

D1318.9.1. D1318.9.1. Ring springs asunder when faithlessness of lover is learned. *Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XX 66.

D1318.10. D1318.10. Ship reveals guilt. (Cf. D1123.)

D1318.10.1. D1318.10.1. Ship refuses to move with guilty man aboard. *BP IV 196f.; Fb “skib” III 242b.--English: Child V 484 s.v. “Jonah”; U. S.: Baughman.

D1318.11. D1318.11. Light reveals guilt. (Cf. D1162).

D1318.11.1. D1318.11.1. Light where murder is committed. Fb “lys” II 481b.

D1318.12. D1318.12. Vessels reveal guilt. (Cf. D1171.)

D1318.12.1. D1318.12.1. Vessels burst and reveal disobedience. Irish: Plummer clxxxvi, Cross.

D1318.12.1.1. D1318.12.1.1. Poet‘s spell causes ale vessels to burst when request for ale is refused. (Cf. D1275.4.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1318.13. D1318.13. Magic cauldron reveals guilt. (Cf. D1171.2.)--Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 95, Plummer clxxxvi, *Cross.

D1318.14. D1318.14. Sack of gold retains at will any hand thrust in it. (Cf. D1193.)--Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 49 No. 330.

D1318.15. D1318.15. Mill will not grind stolen wheat. (Cf. D1263.) Irish: Plummer clxxxvi, *Cross.

D1318.16. D1318.16. Speaking earth reveals murder. (Cf. D935, D1610.19.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1318.17. D1318.17. River rises to drown liars. (Cf. D1316, D915) Irish myth: Cross.

D1318.18. D1318.18. Apples which grow from tree under which murder was done have red centers. (Cf. D981.1.) U.S.: Baughman.

D1318.19. D1318.19. Manna reveals guilt. (Cf. D1031.0.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1322. D1322. Magic object warns of death.

D1322.1. D1322.1. Saw for coffin-making sounds to announce death. North Carolina: Brown Collection I 641.

D1322.1.1. D1322.1.1. Hammer in coffin maker’s shop makes noise to announce a death. (Cf. D1209.4.) North Carolina: Brown Collection I 640.

D1322.1.2. D1322.1.2. Boards for coffin making mysteriously moved announces death. North Carolina: Brown Collection I 641.

D1322.2. D1322.2. Light moving toward cemetery as sign of death. (Cf. D1162.) North Carolina: Brown Collection I 641.

D1323. D1323. Magic object gives clairvoyance. (Cf. D1331.1, D1825.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1323.1. D1323.1. Magic clairvoyant mirror. Type 425; Tegethoff 32; **Rуheim Spiegelzauber; *Liebrecht 85, 88; *BP III 366ff.; *Kittredge Witchcraft 503 n. 1; MacCulloch Childhood 36f.; *Chauvin VIII 191 No. 228; *Handwb. d. Abergl. IX Nachtrдge 547--565; Fb “spejl” III 481a; *Bolte Reise der Sцhne Giaffers 202f.; Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 232.--England, U.S., Wales: *Baughman; Irish: Beal XXI 323; Icelandic: *Boberg; Chinese: Werner 244, 331; Japanese: Anesaki 325; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 111 No. 39; S. A. Indian (Aztec): Alexander Lat. Am. 62; Africa (Fjort): Dennett 61 No. 12, (Vai): Ellis 200 No. 18, (Mpongwe): Nassau 15 No. 1.

D1323.1.1. D1323.1.1. Magic mirror reflects the face of whoever dies. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1323.2. D1323.2. Magic clairvoyant vase. (Cf. D1171.7.)--*Chauvin V 259 No. 154.

D1323.3. D1323.3. Magic clairvoyant windows. Twelve, each more powerful than the next. (Cf. D1145.)--*Type 329; *BP III 365.

D1323.4. D1323.4. Magic clairvoyant sphere. Shows all that passes on earth by looking at that part of globe. (Cf. D1264.)--*Chauvin V 259 No. 154.

D1323.4.1. D1323.4.1. Salvatio Romae. Image of land showing by means of magic bell outbreak of rebellion in any province. (Cf. D1213.) *Spargo 496b s.v. “Salvatio Romae”.

D1323.5. D1323.5. Magic salve gives clairvoyance (Cf. 1244.)--*Fb “salve” III 150b; Chauvin V 146 No. 72.

D1323.6. D1323.6. Magic soap gives clairvoyance. (Cf. D1195.)--Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 277.

D1323.7. D1323.7. Turf from church roof gives clairvoyance. Placed on head in order to see witches. (Cf. D934.)--Fb “grжstшrv”; *De Vries Acta Philologica Scandinavica III 106ff.

D1323.8. D1323.8. Churchyard mould gives clairvoyance. Placed in pocket in order to see witches. (Cf. D1278, G250.)--Fb. “kirkegaardsmuld”.

D1323.9. D1323.9. Clairvoyant tube. (Cf. D1255.)--*Chauvin VI 133 No. 286 n. 2.

D1323.10. D1323.10. Hat gives clairvoyance. (Cf. D1067.1.)--Fb “hat” I 563b; Saintyves Perrault 291.

D1323.11. D1323.11. Hair gives clairvoyance. (Cf. D991.)--Modoc: Curtin Myths of the Modocs (Boston, 1912) 32.

D1323.12. D1323.12. Clairvoyance by looking at object filled with water. Marquesas: Handy 109, 118; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 528; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/420).

D1323.12.1. D1323.12.1. Clairvoyant spring. Lady whose lover is absent to look in spring each day. If she sees his shadow, he is about to marry another. (Cf. D927.)--English: Child I 192.

D1323.13. D1323.13. Magic powder gives clairvoyance. (Cf. D1246.)--Type 726.

D1323.14. D1323.14. Four-leaf clover gives clairvoyance. (Cf. D965.7.)--*BP III 201.

D1323.15. D1323.15. Magic clairvoyant telescope. Shows distant events.--*Fb “kikkert” IV 257a.

D1323.16. D1323.16. Magic feather gives clairvoyance. (Cf. D1021.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1323.17. D1323.17. Magic clairvoyant girdle. (Cf. D1057.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1323.18. D1323.18. Clairvoyance from prayer. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1323.19. D1323.19. Lamp gives him who looks into its flame a vision of the Most High. (Cf. D1162.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1324. D1324. Magic object indicates tides.

D1324.1. D1324.1. Magic bag full at high tide, empty at ebb tide. (Cf. D1193.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1324.1.1. D1324.1.1. Magic tub drips at high tide, is watertight at ebb tide. (Cf. D1171.14.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1324.2. D1324.2. Magic faggot drips to indicate rising tide. (Cf. D957.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1325. D1325. Magic object reveals future history. (Cf. D1812.3.)

D1325.1. D1325.1. Magic book wherein is written family‘s destiny. (Cf. D1266.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1326. D1326. Magic object renders judgment.

D1326.1. D1326.1. Magic slippers approve or disapprove judicial decisions. (Cf. D1065.7.) Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 1066.

D1327. D1327. Magic object locates fish (game).

D1327.1. D1327.1. Magic arrow locates fish. (Cf. D1092.) S. A. Indian (Mataco): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 132.

D1327.2. D1327.2. Magic doll consulted for hunting. (Cf. D1268.) Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 494.

D1329. D1329. Magic object gives supernatural information--miscellaneous.

D1329.1. D1329.1. Putting head under saint’s cloak reveals rewards of heaven. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1330. D1330. Magic object works physical change.

D1331. D1331. Magic object affects eyesight.

D1331.1. D1331.1. Object gives magic sight. (Cf. D1323, D1825.)

D1331.1.1. D1331.1.1. Hempseed sown to acquire magic sight. (Cf. D971.2.) England, Wales: *Baughman; English: Child V 59, 286a.

D1331.1.2. D1331.1.2. Medicine gives magic sight. (Cf. D1240.)--India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Benga): Nassau 215 No. 33.

D1331.1.3. D1331.1.3. Fan gives magic sight. (Cf. D1077.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1331.1.4. D1331.1.4. Stone gives magic sight. (Cf. D931.) Jewish: Neuman; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1331.1.5. D1331.1.5. Jewel gives magic sight. (Cf. D1071.)

D1331.1.5.1. D1331.1.5.1. Sapphire gives magic sight. Jewish: Neuman.

D1331.2. D1331.2. Magic object blinds.

D1331.2.1. D1331.2.1. Magic spike causes blindness. Throws such a strong ray of light. (Cf. D1285.)--Chinese: Werner 123.

D1331.2.2. D1331.2.2. Magic salve causes blindness. (Cf. D1244, D1331.3.1.)--*Fb “цje” III 1166b.

D1331.2.2.1. D1331.2.2.1. Magic salve from underworld causes blindness. Fb “цje”.

D1331.2.3. D1331.2.3. Virgin Mary‘s shift as banner causes blindness to opposing army. (Cf. D1058.1.)--*Ward II 603.

D1331.2.4. D1331.2.4. Magic stone causes blindness. (Cf. D931.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1331.2.5. D1331.2.5. Sight of magic wheel causes blindness. (Cf. D1207.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1331.2.6. D1331.2.6. Magic mirror causes blindness. (Cf. D1163.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1331.2.7. D1331.2.7. Dog’s urine makes tiger blind. (Cf. D1027.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1331.2.8. D1331.2.8. Magic storm blinds enemy troops. (Cf. D905.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1331.2.9. D1331.2.9. Magic wind blinds. (Cf. D906.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1331.3. D1331.3. Magic object causes both supernatural sight and blindness.

D1331.3.1. D1331.3.1. Salve causes magic sight and blindness. (Cf. D1244, D1323.5, D1331.2.2.) Put on left eye causes one to see all treasure of earth; on the right, makes blind. Chauvin V 146 No. 72.

D1331.3.2. D1331.3.2. Powder causes magic sight and blindness. (Cf. D1246, D1323.13.) Type 726*.

D1331.3.3. D1331.3.3. Magic antimony, rubbed on hero‘s eyes, will make whatever he looks at become far or near, as he desires it. (Cf. D1246.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1331.4. D1331.4. Magic object causes sight-shifting. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1331.4.1. D1331.4.1. Saint’s gospel-book causes sight-shifting. (Cf. D1266.) Irish: Plummer clxxviii, Cross.

D1332. D1332. Magic object affects hearing.

D1332.1. D1332.1. Magic object deafens.

D1332.1.1. D1332.1.1. Magic stone causes deafness. (Cf. D931.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1332.1.2. D1332.1.2. Sound of magic wheel causes deafness. (Cf. D1207.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1335. D1335. Object gives magic strength. Irish myth: Cross.

D1335.1. D1335.1. Magic strength-giving food. (Cf. D1030.)--Fb “mad” II 525a, “styrke” III 630a.--Norse: Boberg; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 11; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 70 n. 2; Chinese: Graham; N. A. Indian (Thompson River): Hill-Tout BAAS LXIX 540.

D1335.1.1. D1335.1.1. Magic strength-giving rice-grain. (Cf. D973.1.)--Japanese: Anesaki 358.

D1335.1.2. D1335.1.2. Heart of enemy eaten produces magic strength. Finnish: Holmberg Finno-Ugric 5.

D1335.1.3. D1335.1.3. Fighting animals eaten produce magic strength. (Cf. D1032.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1335.1.4. D1335.1.4. Manna produces magic strength. (Cf. D1031.0.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1335.2. D1335.2. Magic strength-giving drink. (Cf. D1040.)--*Fb “styrke”.--Icelandic: Sveinsson FFC LXXXIII xxxiii, Boberg*; Korean: Zong in-Sob 167 No. 72.

D1335.2.1. D1335.2.1. Blood as magic strengthening drink. (Cf. D1041.)--Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Blut”.--Icelandic: *Boberg; Finnish: Holmberg Finno-Ugric 5.

D1335.2.2. D1335.2.2. Water as magic strengthening drink. (Cf. D1242.2.) *MacCulloch Childhood 70ff.--Irish myth: Cross.

D1335.2.3. D1335.2.3. Milk as magic strengthening drink. (Cf. D1043.)--Irish myth: Cross; Hindu: Keith 134; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1335.3. D1335.3. Magic (iron) glove gives strength. (Cf. D1066.1.)--Fb “styrke” III 630a, “handske” IV 199b.--Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1335.4. D1335.4. Magic belt gives strength. (Cf. D1057.)--*Type 590; *Fb “bжlte” IV 84a; A. Haberlandt Gurtel als Heiltum in Volkskunde (Otto Lauffer zum 60. Geburtstage [1934] 83--96); Von der Hagen Gesammtabenteuer I 455ff.--Icelandic: *Boberg.--N. A. Indian (Chippewyan [European borrowing]): Thompson CColl II 392, (Micmac): Rand 274, 369, (Passamaquoddy): Leland 31.

D1335.5. D1335.5. Magic ring gives strength. (Cf. D1076.)--*Dickson 135 n. 118; *Kittredge Witchcraft 111, 440 n. 53.

D1335.5.1. D1335.5.1. Magic ring gives remarkable sexual prowess. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1335.5.2. D1335.5.2. Solomon’s power to hold kingdom dependent on ring; drops it in water. Jewish: Neuman.

D1335.6. D1335.6. Magic dagger gives strength. (Cf. D1083.1.)--Malone PMLA XLIII 409.

D1335.7. D1335.7. Flask imparts magic strength to drinker. (Cf. D1171.8.)--*Fb “flaske”.--Norwegian: Dasent 204, 223.

D1335.8. D1335.8. Bathing in magic cauldron gives strength. (Cf. D1171.2.)--Norwegian: Dasent 281.--S. A. Indian (Kwakiutl): Boas and Hunt JE III 104 (certain wash-basin); cf. Haida: Swanton JE X 365.

D1335.9. D1335.9. Magic axe gives strength. (Cf. D1206.)--Fb “styrke” III 630a.

D1335.10. D1335.10. Magic medicine (charm) gives strength. (Cf. D1241.)--Africa (Benga): Nassau 100 No. 7.

D1335.11. D1335.11. Powder gives magic strength. (Cf. D1246.)--Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 142 No. 20.

D1335.12. D1335.12. Magic song gives strength. (Cf. D1275.)--Icelandic: Boberg.

D1335.13. D1335.13. Magic hammer gives strength. (Cf. D1209.4.)--Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 22 (Thor).

D1335.14. D1335.14. Magic strengthening staff. (Cf. D1254.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1335.15. D1335.15. Magic strength-giving apple. (Cf. D981.) Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1335.16. D1335.16. Image of lion gives magic strength. (Cf. D468.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1335.17. D1335.17. Garment gives bearer magic strength. (Cf. D1052.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1336. D1336. Magic object gives weakness.

D1336.1. D1336.1. Magic sword gives weakness. (Cf. D1081.)--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1336.2. D1336.2. Magic food gives weakness. (Cf. D1030.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1336.2.1. D1336.2.1. Magic apple gives weakness. (Cf. D981.1.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1336.3. D1336.3. Magic music gives weakness. (Cf. D1275.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1336.4. D1336.4. Magic shield gives weakness. (Cf. D1101.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1336.5. D1336.5. Saint’s bell gives weakness. (Cf. D1213.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1336.6. D1336.6. Magic fire gives weakness. (Cf. D1271.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1336.7. D1336.7. Magic drink gives weakness. (Cf. D1040.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1336.8. D1336.8. Magic spell gives weakness. (Cf. D1273.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1336.9. D1336.9. Druids‘ (poets’) spells bind. (Cf. D1275.4.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1336.10. D1336.10. When bow is taken away from owner, he loses all strength. (Cf. D1091.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1337. D1337. Magic object makes beautiful or hideous. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman; Japanese: Ikeda.

D1337.1. D1337.1. Magic object beautifies. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 121.

D1337.1.1. D1337.1.1. Charm gives magic beauty. (Cf. D1273.)--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “charme”.

D1337.1.2. D1337.1.2. Water gives magic beauty. (Cf. D1242.1.)--Fb “livets vand” II 439b.--Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1337.1.3. D1337.1.3. Milk gives magic beauty. When magic milk touches ugly girl she turns beautiful. (Cf. D1018.)--Italian Novella: Rotunda; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 70.

D1337.1.3.1. D1337.1.3.1. Bathing hair in buffalo milk makes it unusually long. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1337.1.4. D1337.1.4. Bathing in magic cauldron gives beauty. (Cf. D1171.2.)--Norwegian: Dasent 281.

D1337.1.5. D1337.1.5. Magic spear gives beauty. (Cf. D1084.)--Also gives ugliness at will. Icelandic: Ritterhaus 227f. No. 54.

D1337.1.6. D1337.1.6. Beautification by use of saint‘s spittle. (Cf. D1001.)--Irish: Plummer clxxviii, *Cross.

D1337.1.7. D1337.1.7. Magic needle transforms a room from plainness to beauty. (Cf. D1181.)--*Type 585; BP III 355.

D1337.1.8. D1337.1.8. Magic liquid gives beauty. (Cf. D1242.)--Penzer VII 61.

D1337.1.8.1. D1337.1.8.1. Rose water gives magic beauty. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1337.1.9. D1337.1.9. Magic wand beautifies. (Cf. D1254.1.)--Irish myth: Cross.

D1337.1.10. D1337.1.10. Magic apple makes beautiful. (Cf. D981.1.) Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1337.1.11. D1337.1.11. Playing of magic flute beautifies. (Cf. D1223.1.)--Chinese: Graham.

D1337.1.12. D1337.1.12. Magic jewel beautifies. (Cf. D1071.)--Jewish: Neuman.

D1337.2. D1337.2. Magic object makes hideous.

D1337.2.1. D1337.2.1. Magic leaves turn white bird black. (Cf. D955, A2411.2.6.)--Africa (Ibo of Nigeria): Basden 280.

D1337.2.2. D1337.2.2. Magic herbs render hideous. (Cf. D965.)--Greek: Fox 263 (Skylla).

D1337.2.3. D1337.2.3. Dragon‘s breath renders hideous. (Cf. D1029.1.)--Irish myth: Cross.

D1337.2.4. D1337.2.4. Magic water makes ugly. (Cf. D1242.1.)--Jewish: Neuman.

D1337.2.5. D1337.2.5. Magic skin makes person appear ugly. (Cf. D1005.) German: Grimm No. 179.

D1338. D1338. Magic object rejuvenates. (Cf. D1880.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1338.0.1. D1338.0.1. Magic object retards aging.

D1338.0.1.1. D1338.0.1.1. Elixir retards aging. (Cf. D1242.3.)--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1338.1. D1338.1. Magic drink rejuvenates. (Cf. D1040.)--Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1338.1.1. D1338.1.1. Fountain of youth. (Cf. D925, D926, D927, D1341.1.) Water from certain fountain rejuvenates.--**Hopkins JAOS XXVI 1--67, 411--415; Penzer Ocean IV 145; DeCock Studien 16ff.; *Fb “ungdom” III 979b.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “fontaine”; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 11; U.S.: *Baughman; Greek: Rohde Der griechische Roman 222; Japanese: Ikeda.--Alexander Lat. Am. 20 n. 6, 349.--N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 284 n. 50a.

D1338.1.1.1. D1338.1.1.1. Magic lake rejuvenates. (Cf. D921.)--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1338.1.2. D1338.1.2. Water of youth. (Cf. D1242.1.)--Type 551; *BP II 394ff.; *Wьnsche Die Sagen vom Lebensbaum und Lebenswasser (Leipzig, 1905); *Dh II 154; *Chauvin VI 73f. Nos. 239, 202.

D1338.1.3. D1338.1.3. Magic blood rejuvenates. (Cf. D1003.)--Fb “blod” IV 47a.

D1338.2. D1338.2. Rejuvenation by plant. (Cf. D965.)--*Chauvin VI 74 No. 239.--Babylonian: Gilgamesh-epos XI 282ff. (eaten by serpent); Gaster Oldest Stories 51.

D1338.2.1. D1338.2.1. Rejuvenation by juice of plant. (Cf. D974).--*Dh II 154.--Irish myth: Cross.

D1338.2.2. D1338.2.2. Root of eternal youth. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1338.3. D1338.3. Rejuvenation by fruit. (Cf. D981.)--*Chauvin VI 74 No. 239; BP II 147.--India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer VI 216.

D1338.3.1. D1338.3.1. Rejuvenation by apple. Golden apples of youth. (Cf. D981.1.)--*Chauvin VI 74 No. 239.--Icelandic: Boberg (Idhunn).

D1338.3.2. D1338.3.2. Magic peach gives immunity from age. (Cf. D981.2.)--Chinese: Werner 270.

D1338.3.3. D1338.3.3. Rejuvenation by fruit of magic tree. (Cf. D950.)--Irish myth: Cross.

D1338.3.3.1. D1338.3.3.1. Year added to life by eating fruit of magic tree. (Cf. D950.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1338.4. D1338.4. Bath in magic milk rejuvenates. (Cf. D1080.)--Kцhler-Bolte I 468 (boiling milk); Dh II 154.

D1338.5. D1338.5. Rejuvenation by ring. (Cf. D1076.)--Hartland Science 204; Fb “ungdom” III 979b.

D1338.6. D1338.6. Rejuvenation in magic mill. (Cf. D1263.)--Dh II 155.

D1338.7. D1338.7. Land of youth. Land which keeps off old age.--Fb “ungdom” III 979b; Hartland Science 196f.--Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 181, *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1338.8. D1338.8. Rejuvenation by magic oil. (Cf. D1244.)--Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 328.

D1338.9. D1338.9. Rejuvenation by magic honey. (Cf. D1037.) Hindu: Keith 158.

D1338.10. D1338.10. Rejuvenation by magic tub. (Cf. D1171.14.)--Irish myth: Cross.

D1338.11. D1338.11. Rejuvenation by magic manure dust. (Cf. D1026.) Chinese: Graham.

D1338.12. D1338.12. Rejuvenation by magic feather. (Cf. D1021.)--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1338.13. D1338.13. Rejuvenation by magic rice. (Cf. D973.1.)--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1341. D1341. Magic object makes person old.

D1341.0.1. D1341.0.1. Magic well makes person’s hair gray. (Cf. D926.)--Irish myth: Cross.

D1341.1. D1341.1. Magic fountain makes person old. (Cf. D925, D1338.1.1.)--*Fb “ungdom” III 979b; Boberg.

D1341.2. D1341.2. Magic cloak makes person old. (Cf. D1053.)--Irish myth: Cross.

D1341.3. D1341.3. Magic ointment makes person old. (Cf. D1244.) Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1341.4. D1341.4. Magic feather brings supernatural old age. (Cf. D1021.)--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1342. D1342. Magic object gives health. Irish myth: Cross.

D1342.1. D1342.1. Magic ring gives health. (Cf. D1076.)--Kittredge Witchcraft III, 440 n. 54.

D1342.2. D1342.2. Magic apple gives health. (Cf. D981.1.)--*Fb “жble” III 1135b.

D1342.3. D1342.3. Magic wood gives health. (Cf. D956.)--Jewish: Neuman.

D1342.4. D1342.4. Magic wand gives health. (Cf. D1254.1.)--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1342.5. D1342.5. Amulet guarantees health. (Cf. D1070.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 424.

D1343. D1343. Magic object gives skill.

D1343.1. D1343.1. Magic oars give skill. (Cf. D1124.)--Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 153, 157.

D1344. D1344. Magic object gives invulnerability. *Kittredge Witchcraft *405 nn. 238--9.--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1344.1. D1344.1. Magic ring renders invulnerable. (Cf. D1076.)--*Kittredge Witchcraft 111, 440 n. 52; *Fb “ring” III 60b.--English: Child I 189f., Wells 9 (King Horn), II (Horn Childe and Maiden Rimnild); Icelandic: Boberg.

D1344.2. D1344.2. Magic drug renders invulnerable. (Cf. D1240.)--Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 110 n. 1.

D1344.2.1. D1344.2.1. Magic drug gives immunity from fire and iron. Greek: Fox 112.

D1344.3. D1344.3. Amulet renders invulnerable. (Cf. D1070.)--De Cock Studien 156.

D1344.4. D1344.4. Charm (written) renders invulnerable. (Cf. D1273.)--De Cock Studien 161; Irish myth: Cross.

D1344.5. D1344.5. Magic ointment renders invulnerable. (Cf. D1244.)--Greek: Roscher Lexikon I 24 s.v. “Achilleus”; Boberg.

D1344.6. D1344.6. Saint‘s tunic renders invulnerable. (Cf. D1052.)--Irish: Plummer clxxx, Cross.

D1344.7. D1344.7. Saint’s girdle renders invulnerable. (Cf. D1057.1.)--Irish: Plummer clxxx, Cross.

D1344.8. D1344.8. Saint‘s cowl renders invulnerable. (Cf. D1067.3.1.)--Irish: Plummer clxxx, *Cross.

D1344.8.1. D1344.8.1. Hood renders invulnerable. Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 17, Rasmussen II 70, III 304, Rink 344.

D1344.9. D1344.9. Magic garment renders invulnerable. (Cf. D1052.)--Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 210, III 105, 117, 153.

D1344.9.1. D1344.9.1. Magic shirt gives invulnerability. (Cf. D1056.)--*Fb “skjorte” III 268a; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 1712; Icelandic: *Boberg; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 187.

D1344.9.2. D1344.9.2. Magic trousers render invulnerable. (Cf. D1055.)--Irish myth: Cross.

D1344.10. D1344.10. Magic mandrake gives invulnerability. (Cf. D965.1.)--Penzer III 153.

D1344.11. D1344.11. Magic sword gives invulnerability. (Cf. D1081.)--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1344.12. D1344.12. Blood smeared on body renders invulnerable. (Cf. D1016.)--Jewish: Neuman.

D1344.13. D1344.13. Magic (golden) helmet renders invulnerable. (Cf. D1101.4.)--Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1345. D1345. Magic object gives longevity. Penzer VI 6 n. 1.

D1345.1. D1345.1. Serpent’s water gives longevity. (Cf. D1027.1.)--Africa (Zanzibar): Bateman 204 No. 10.

D1345.2. D1345.2. Magic statue of dragon gives longevity. (Cf. B11, D1268.)--Jewish: Neuman.

D1346. D1346. Magic object gives immortality.

D1346.1. D1346.1. Magic drink gives immortality. (Cf. D1040.)--Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 31, 54; Greek: Grote I 219; Jewish: Neuman; Hindu: Keith 41, Penzer III 253f.; Chinese: Giles 316.

D1346.1.1. D1346.1.1. Water of life destroyed to prevent immortality: too long life would become tiresome. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1346.1.2. D1346.1.2. Nectar of immortality. (Cf. A154.)--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1346.2. D1346.2. Fountain of immortality. (Cf. D925, D926, D927, D1341.1, D1338.1.1.)--Hindu: Tawney I 499.

D1346.3. D1346.3. Food of immortality. (Cf. D1030.)--**G. Dumйzil Le festin d‘Immortalitй (Paris, 1924)--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1346.3.1. D1346.3.1. Magic honey gives immortality. (Cf. D1037.)--Jewish: Neuman; Hindu: Keith 158.

D1346.4. D1346.4. Tree of immortality. (Cf. D950.)--Jewish: Neuman; Persian: Carnoy 281; S. A. Indian (Tiatinagua): Mйtraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 449.

D1346.5. D1346.5. Plant of immortality. (Cf. D965.)--Babylonian: Spence 158, 160, 178; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 215.

D1346.6. D1346.6. Fruit of immortality. (Cf. D981.)--Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer VI 216.

D1346.6.1. D1346.6.1. Magic peach gives immortality. (Cf. D981.2.)--Chinese: Werner 270, Eberhard FFC CXX 210.

D1346.6.2. D1346.6.2. Apple of immortality. (Cf. D981.1.)--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1346.7. D1346.7. Pill of immortality. (Cf. D1243.)--Chinese: Werner 184f., 330.

D1346.8. D1346.8. Magic ointment gives immortality. Burning at night and anointment with magic ointment by day. (Cf. D1244.)--Greek: Roscher Lexikon s.v. “Achilleus”.

D1346.8.1. D1346.8.1. Oil of immortality. (Cf. D1244.)--Jewish: Neuman.

D1346.9. D1346.9. Magic sword gives immortality. (Cf. D1081.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1346.10. D1346.10. Magic water (sprinkled) gives immortality. (Cf. D1242.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1346.11. D1346.11. Medicine gives immortality. (Cf. D1241.)--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1346.12. D1346.12. Incense gives immortality. (Cf. D1295.)--Jewish: Neuman.

D1346.13. D1346.13. Filth (dirt, excrements) eaten gives immortality. (Cf. D1002.)--Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 161f.

D1346.14. D1346.14. Magic cup gives immortality. (Cf. D1171.6.)--Jewish: Neuman.

D1347. D1347. Magic object produces fecundity.

D1347.1. D1347.1. Magic apple produces fecundity. (Cf. D981.1.)--Icelandic: Vцlsunga Saga 4.

D1347.2. D1347.2. Blood as remedy for barrenness in woman. (Cf. D1003.)--*Fb “blod” IV 47a.

D1347.3. D1347.3. Magic medicine makes sterile fertile. (Cf. D1241.)--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1347.3.1. D1347.3.1. Magic pills insure birth of twin sons. (Cf. D1243.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1347.4. D1347.4. Magic statue gives fecundity. (Cf. D1268.)--Jewish: Neuman.

D1347.5. D1347.5. Magic fish (eaten) causes fecundity. (Cf. D1032.1.)--Jewish: Neuman; S. A. Indian (Tupinamba): Mйtraux RMLP XXXIII 169.

D1347.6. D1347.6. Hare‘s stomach causes fecundity. (Cf. D1015.5.1.)--Jewish: Neuman.

D1349. D1349. Magic object produces miscellaneous physical changes in persons or things.

D1349.1. D1349.1. Magic object produces immunity from hunger and thirst. Irish myth: Cross.

D1349.1.1. D1349.1.1. Magic peach produces immunity from hunger and thirst. (Cf. D981.2.)--Chinese: Werner 270.

D1349.1.2. D1349.1.2. Magic perfume produces immunity from hunger and thirst. (Cf. D1245.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1349.1.3. D1349.1.3. Magic milk produces immunity from hunger and thirst. (Cf. D1018.)--Irish myth: Cross.

D1349.1.4. D1349.1.4. Magic belt produces immunity from hunger. (Cf. D1057.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1349.1.5. D1349.1.5. Magic sweets: one can quench thirst and the other can allay hunger. (Cf. D1038.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1349.1.6. D1349.1.6. Tiny amount of food magically satisfies. (Cf. D1030.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1349.1.6.1. D1349.1.6.1. One drop of blood when licked satisfies hunger. (Cf. D1003.)--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1349.2. D1349.2. Magic object produces immunity from old age. Irish myth: Cross.

D1349.2.1. D1349.2.1. Magic peach produces immunity from old age. (Cf. D981.1.)--Chinese: Werner 270.

D1349.2.2. D1349.2.2. Washing in magic bowl produces immunity from old age. (Cf. D1172.2.)--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1349.2.3. D1349.2.3. Magic apple produces immunity from old age. (Cf. D981.1.)--Irish myth: Cross.

D1349.3. D1349.3. Magic stone makes water like wine. (Cf. D1071.)--Icelandic: Boberg.

D1349.4. D1349.4. Magic jewel makes owner fat. (Cf. D1071.)--Jewish: Neuman.

D1350. D1350. Magic object changes person’s disposition.

D1351. D1351. Magic object makes person peaceful. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1351.1. D1351.1. Saint‘s bachall makes person peaceful. (Cf. D1277.)--Irish: Plummer clxxv, Cross.

D1351.2. D1351.2. Magic branch of peace. Warfare ceases when it is shaken. (Cf. D954.)--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1351.3. D1351.3. Magic veil changes enmity into peacefulness. (Cf. D1061.)--Icelandic: Boberg.

D1351.4. D1351.4. Charm which makes inhabitants of city faint-hearted. (Cf. D1273.)--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1352. D1352. Magic object has pre-natal influence.

D1352.1. D1352.1. Magic net has prenatal influence. (Cf. D1196.)--Africa (Benga): Nassau No. 24, version 2.

D1353. D1353. Magic object makes person foolish.

D1353.1. D1353.1. Magic rain makes people foolish. All on whom it falls act like fools. (Cf. D902.)--Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 34.

D1354. D1354. Magic object makes person kind. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1355. D1355. Love-producing magic object. *Hdwb. d. Abergl. I 775, 1007, II 1506, 1589, 1616, III 1279.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “aimer”.

D1355.0.1. D1355.0.1. Magic spear produces love-sickness. (Cf. D1084.)--Irish myth: Cross.

D1355.1. D1355.1. Love-producing music. (Cf. D1275.1.)--English: Child V 489 s.v. “music”.

D1355.1.1. D1355.1.1. Love-producing song. (Cf. D1275.)--Icelandic: *Boberg; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “chant”.--N. A. Indian (Wichita): Barbeau GSCan XI 162f. Nos. 50, 51, (Micmac): Leland 82.

D1355.1.2. D1355.1.2. Magic love-producing pipe (musical). (Cf. D1224.)--English: Child I 47; N. A. Indian (Arikara): Dorsey CI XVII 85 No. 25, 90 No. 27.

D1355.1.3. D1355.1.3. Magic love-producing horn. (Cf. D1222.)--English: Child I 15--17, 23, 55, 367.

D1355.2. D1355.2. Magic love-philtre. (Cf. 1242.2.)--*Schoepperle Tristan and Isolt 401ff.; *Kittredge Witchcraft 107f., 436 nn. 26--31, 30, 383 n. 54.--Greek: Fox 72 (Minos), 200 (Phaon); Icelandic: *Boberg; English: Child V 305b, Wells 80 (Sir Tristrem), 145 (Parthenope of Blois); England, U.S.: *Baughman; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1355.2.1. D1355.2.1. Water blessed by saint as love-philtre. (Cf. D1242.1.)--Irish: Plummer clxxxviii, *Cross.

D1355.2.1.1. D1355.2.1.1. Baptismal water as love-philtre. (Cf. D1242.1.1.)--Kittredge Witchcraft 470 nn. 123--125.

D1355.2.1.2. D1355.2.1.2. Magic water causes sexual desire. (Cf. D1242.1.)--Jewish: Neuman.

D1355.2.2. D1355.2.2. Blood as love-philtre. (Cf. D1003).--*Fb “blod” IV 46b; *Kittredge Witchcraft 30, 382 n. 53.

D1355.2.2.1. D1355.2.2.1. Blood of wounded centaur as love philtre. (Cf. D1016.) Greek: Grote I 139.

D1355.2.3. D1355.2.3. Semen in love-philtre.--Kittredge Witchcraft 30, 382 n. 53.

D1355.3. D1355.3. Love charm. (Cf. D1274.)--Kittredge Witchcraft 30, 111, 382 n. 52, 440 nn. 61--70 passim.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; *English: Child I 57; India: *Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 137f.; Am. Negro (Georgia): Harris Nights 198 No. 34.

D1355.3.1. D1355.3.1. Seed mixed with blood as love charm. (Cf. D971.)--Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 261 n. 1.

D1355.3.2. D1355.3.2. Image (animal) pierced with pins as love charm. Kittredge Witchcraft 100, *431f. nn. 202--211; England: Baughman.

D1355.3.3. D1355.3.3. Fruit pierced with pins as love charm. (Cf. D981.) Kittredge Witchcraft 102, 433 n. 226.

D1355.3.4. D1355.3.4. Entrails of live pigeon placed above house door fetch lover to the spot. England: Baughman.

D1355.3.5. D1355.3.5. Boiling lock of lover’s hair draws him to sweetheart. England: Baughman.

D1355.3.6. D1355.3.6. Burning candle stuck with pins fetches lover. England: *Baughman.

D1355.3.7. D1355.3.7. Person burns salt and says charm to bring lover to spot. England, U. S.: *Baughman.

D1355.3.8. D1355.3.8. Person burns dragonsblood (plant) and says charm to bring lover to spot. England: *Baughman.

D1355.4. D1355.4. Ring produces love. (Cf. D1076.)--*Kittredge Witchcraft 109, 436ff. nn. 38--48 passim; Fb “ring” III 60b.--Icelandic: *Boberg; Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1355.5. D1355.5. Magic hair produces love. (Cf. D991.)--Wesselski Mдrchen 196; Frazer Golden Bough III 270.--N. A. Indian (Thompson River): Teit MAFLS VI 73 No. 23, (Shuswap): Teit JE II 708 No. 34 (in the last two named references, the hair is a woman‘s pubic hair); India: Thompson-Balys.

D1355.6. D1355.6. Churchyard mould produces love. Girl takes three handfuls and passes it over churn. (Cf. D1278.1.)--Fb “kirkegaardsmuld” II 129b.

D1355.7. D1355.7. Apple produces love. (Cf. D981.1.)--*Fb “жble” III 1135a.--English: Child I 364; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1355.8. D1355.8. Olive branch insures fidelity of husband. Wife to beat him with it. (Cf. D954.)--Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 51 No. 340.

D1355.9. D1355.9. Magic belt produces love. (Cf. D1057.)--*Fb “bжlte” IV 84a; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1355.10. D1355.10. Consecrated bread produces love. (Cf. D1031.1.1.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 149, 469 nn. 107, 108.

D1355.10.1. D1355.10.1. Consecrated bread kept in mouth and fed to toad produces love. Kittredge Witchcraft 149, 469 n. 104; England: Baughman.

D1355.11. D1355.11. Magic clothes produce love. (Cf. D1050.)--Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas@2 I 274.

D1355.11.1. D1355.11.1. Magic moccasins produce love. (Cf. D1065.4.)--N. A. Indian (Arapaho): Dorsey and Kroeber FM V 15 No. 6.

D1355.12. D1355.12. Magic nuts (eaten) produce love. (Cf. D985.)--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1355.13. D1355.13. Love-spot. Mark which makes man irresistible to any woman who sees it.--*Schoepperle Tristan and Isolt 401f.; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1355.13.1. D1355.13.1. Charm placed on cheeks of hag causes love. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1355.14. D1355.14. Eaten fruit causes sexual desire. (Cf. D981.) India: Thompson-Balys; Jewish: Neuman.

D1355.15. D1355.15. Magic shears produce love. (Cf. D1183.)--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1355.16. D1355.16. Magic rod produces love. (Cf. D1254.1, D1254.2.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1355.17. D1355.17. Herb bath produces love. (Cf. D965.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1355.18. D1355.18. Love charm (words). (Cf. D1273.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1355.18.1. D1355.18.1. Word charms woven in clothing produce love. England: Baughman.

D1355.19. D1355.19. Magic writings produce love. (Cf. D1266.1.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1355.20. D1355.20. Green stone causes women to love the possessor. (Cf. D1070.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1355.21. D1355.21. Magic grass produces love when girl sleeps on it. (Cf. D965.12) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1355.21.1. D1355.21.1. Love charm from tuber. S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 28.

D1355.22. D1355.22. Love-producing magic plant. (Cf. D965.) Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1355.23. D1355.23. Love-producing magic feather. (Cf. D1021.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1356. D1356. Magic object represses lust.

D1356.1. D1356.1. Magic girdle represses lust. (Cf. D1057.1.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1356.1.1. D1356.1.1. Saint‘s girdle represses lust. (Cf V220.)--Irish: Plummer clxxxi, Cross.

D1356.3. D1356.3. Magic stone represses lust. (Cf. D930.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1357. D1357. Magic object makes person cruel.

D1357.1. D1357.1. Eating ferocious animal’s heart makes person cruel. (Cf. D1015.1, D1335.1.2.)--Icelandic: Boberg.

D1358. D1358. Magic object makes person courageous.

D1358.1. D1358.1. Eating courageous animal’s heart makes courageous. (Cf. E714.4.1.

D1358.1.1. D1358.1.1. Eating dragon‘s heart makes courageous. (Cf. B11, D1015.1.2.)--Icelandic: Vцlsunga Saga 79, Boberg.

D1358.1.2. D1358.1.2. Eating serpent’s and wolf‘s flesh makes courageous and impetuous. (Cf. D1032.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1358.2. D1358.2. Magic spell makes person courageous. (Cf. D1273, D1359.5.)--Irish myth: Cross.

D1358.3. D1358.3. Magic crystal makes owner courageous. (Cf. D1071.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1359. D1359. Magic object changes person’s disposition--miscellaneous.

D1359.1. D1359.1. Magic object makes woman masterful.

D1359.1.1. D1359.1.1. Magic olive branch makes woman master in household. (Cf. D954.)--Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 51 No. 340.

D1359.2. D1359.2. Magic object causes mourning.

D1359.2.1. D1359.2.1. Magic music causes mourning. (Cf. 1275.1.)--*BP II 502f.; Irish myth: *Cross; England: Baughman.

D1359.3. D1359.3. Magic object causes joy.

D1359.3.1. D1359.3.1. Magic music causes joy. (Cf. D1275.1.)--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1359.3.1.1. D1359.3.1.1. Magic (musical) horn (bell) relieves hearers of sorrow. (Cf. D1213, D1222.)--*Krappe Balor 159.

D1359.3.1.2. D1359.3.1.2. Magic musical branch soothes listeners. (Cf. D1615.2.)--*Schoepperle Tristan and Isolt II 325.--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1359.3.1.3. D1359.3.1.3. Grief dispelled by sound of bell attached to magic fairy dog. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1359.3.2. D1359.3.2. Happiness from eating magic pig. (Cf. D1032.4.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1359.3.3. D1359.3.3. Fruit of magic tree exhilarating. (Cf. D950, D981.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1359.3.4. D1359.3.4. Stone blessed by saint banishes sorrow. (Cf. D931.)--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1359.4. D1359.4. Magic food causes intoxication and sobriety. (Cf. D1030.)--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1359.5. D1359.5. Magic sign assures that warriors will not flee from battle. (Cf. D1299.1, D1358.2.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1359.6. D1359.6. Magic object destroys pride. German: Grimm No. 17.

D1360. D1360. Magic object effects temporary change in person.

D1361. D1361. Magic object renders invisible. *Aarne MSFO XXV 117; *Cox Cinderella 518; *Fb “usynlig”.--Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “invisibilitй”.

D1361.1. D1361.1. Magic mist of invisibility. (Cf. D902.1.)--*Cox Cinderella 477.--Irish myth: *Cross; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 339 n. 221b.

D1361.1.0.4. D1361.1.0.4. Demons cause impenetrable fog. Irish myth: Cross.

D1361.1.1. D1361.1.1. Magic mist separates person from his companions. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1361.2. D1361.2. Magic stone gives invisibility. (Cf. D931.)--Kцhler-Bolte I 114; Kittredge Witchcraft 176 n. 17.--Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1361.3. D1361.3. Magic ash-tree renders invisible. (Cf. D950.6.)--*Fb “usynlig”.

D1361.4. D1361.4. Magic calabash renders invisible. (Cf. D965.2.)--Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 34.

D1361.5. D1361.5. Magic seed renders invisible.

D1361.5.1. D1361.5.1. Magic fernseed renders invisible. (Cf. D971.3.)--*Cox Cinderella 517; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. II 1215ff.--Irish myth: Cross; Scotland: Baughman.

D1361.6. D1361.6. Magic flower renders invisible. (Cf. D975.)--Cox Cinderella 518; Scottish: Baughman.

D1361.7. D1361.7. “Hand of glory” renders light invisible. Candles of human fat from dead man’s hand make light invisible except to man holding it. (Cf. D1162.2.1.)--Penzer III 150; *Fb “tyvefinger” III 917b.

D1361.8. D1361.8. Heart of unborn child renders person invisible. (Cf. D997.1.1.) *Fb “hjжrte” I 631b, IV 218b.--Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 293 No. 1.

D1361.9. D1361.9. Serpent‘s crown renders invisible. (Cf. D1011.3.1, B112.)

D1361.10. D1361.10. Magic feather renders invisible. (Cf. D1021.)--Cox Cinderella 517.

D1361.11. D1361.11. Magic herb renders invisible. (Cf. D965.) Africa (Fang): Trilles 269.

D1361.12. D1361.12. Magic cloak of invisibility. (Cf. D1053.)--*Types 328, 400; Cox Cinderella 517; Penzer I 26; Dickson 134 n. 113; *Loomis White Magic 51.--English: Wells 59 (The Turke and Gawin); Irish: Krappe Balor 2 n. 9, *Cross, MacCulloch Celtic 55; Welsh: ibid. 106, 190; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10.--Chinese: Graham; Japanese: Mitford 185ff., Ikeda; Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 177, (Tinguian): Cole 201 n. 1.; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 339 n. 221a.

D1361.12.1. D1361.12.1. Saint’s tunic renders invisible. (Cf. D1052.)--Irish: Plummer clxxx, *Cross. (D1361.11.); Icelandic: Boberg.

D1361.13. D1361.13. Magic belt renders invisible. (Cf. D1057.)--*Fb “bжlte” IV 84a; *Loomis White Magic 51.--French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10; Irish: Plummer clxxx, Cross.

D1361.14. D1361.14. Magic hat renders invisible. (Cf. D1067.1.)--Fb “usynlig” III 985b, “hat” I 563b, IV 202b.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s. v. “chapeau”.

D1361.15. D1361.15. Magic cap renders invisible: tarnkappe. (Cf. D1067.2, D1361.16.) *Penzer VI 149 n. 1; *Fb “usynlig” III 985b, “kappe” II 89, IV 253a; Cox Cinderella 517; Thien 30.--Greek: Fox 34, *Frazer Apollodorus I 153 n. 3 (Perseus); Icelandic: Dehmer Primitives‘ Erzдhlungsgut in den Islendingasцgur 97, *Panzer Sigfrid 281 s.v. “Tarnkappe”; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham, Eberhard FFC CXX 109, 253.--N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 339 n. 221a.

D1361.16. D1361.16. Saint‘s cowl renders invisible. (Cf. D1067.3.1.)--Irish: Plummer clxxx, Cross.

D1361.17. D1361.17. Magic ring renders invisible. (Cf. D1076.)--*Fb “ring” III 60b; *Dickson 133f.; Cox Cinderella 518; *Kittredge Witchcraft 111, 440 n. 50; Brown Iwain 14 and passim; Gьnter 64.--Icelandic: *Boberg; Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Roscher Lexikon s.v. “Gyges”; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1361.18. D1361.18. Magic sword renders invisible. (Cf. D1081.)--*Chauvin VI 66 No. 233.

D1361.19. D1361.19. Magic jewel renders invisible. (Cf. D1071.)--Cox Cinderella 517; Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1361.20. D1361.20. Helmet renders invisible. (Cf. D1101.4.)--Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 47 n. 3; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1361.21. D1361.21. Ship becomes invisible. (Cf. D1123.)--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “navire”.

D1361.22. D1361.22. Magic medicine renders invisible. (Cf. D1240.)--Type 576****.

D1361.22.1. D1361.22.1. Magic pills render invisible. (Cf. D1243.)--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1361.22.2. D1361.22.2. Magic salve renders invisible. (Cf. D1244.)--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1361.23. D1361.23. Magic charm renders invisible. (Cf. D1241.)--Jewish: Neuman; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 34, 178.

D1361.24. D1361.24. Magic drops render invisible. (Cf. D1242.3.)--Type 576*****.

D1361.25. D1361.25. Magic wand renders invisible. (Cf. D1254.1.)--Fb “usynlig” III 985b.--Irish myth: Cross; German: MacCulloch Eddic 260; Chinese: Werner 326.

D1361.25.1. D1361.25.1. Magic staff renders invisible. (Cf. D1254.) Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 301, Boberg.

D1361.26. D1361.26. Magic formula renders invisible. (Cf. D1273.)--Irish myth: *Cross; Chinese: Werner 310.

D1361.27. D1361.27. Magic light renders invisible. (Cf. D1162.)--*Fb “usynlig” III 985b.--Icelandic: Boberg.

D1361.28. D1361.28. Magic mirror renders invisible. Does so when owner looks into it. (Cf. D1163.)--Fb “usynlig” III 985b.

D1361.29. D1361.29. Magic animal’s heart renders invisible. (Cf. D1015.1.)--Fb “usynlig” III 985b.

D1361.30. D1361.30. Magic bird-nest renders invisible. (Cf. D1292.)--Cox Cinderella 517.

D1361.31. D1361.31. Magic song renders invisible. (Cf. D1275.)--Irish: Plummer clxxix, Cross; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 293.

D1361.32. D1361.32. Magic mask renders invisible. (Cf. D1067.4.)--Irish myth: Cross; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 110.

D1361.33. D1361.33. Magic veil renders invisible. (Cf. D1061.)--Irish myth: Cross.

D1361.34. D1361.34. Magic bag renders invisible. (Cf. D902.1.1.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1361.35. D1361.35. Magic tiger‘s hair renders invisible. (Cf. D1023.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1361.36. D1361.36. Magic trousers render invisible. (Cf. D1055.) Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1361.37. D1361.37. Magic shirt renders invisible. (Cf. D1056.) Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1361.38. D1361.38. Magic boots render invisible (Cf. D1065.1.) Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1361.39. D1361.39. Fact that woman bears future saint in womb renders her invisible. Irish myth: Cross.

D1361.40. D1361.40. Magic cloth renders invisible. (Cf. D1051.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1361.41. D1361.41. Cross renders invisible. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1361.42. D1361.42. Magic lampblack renders invisible. (Cf. D931.1.3.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1361.43. D1361.43. Magic mark on forehead renders invisible. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1361.44. D1361.44. Magic ashes render invisible. (Cf. D931.1.2.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1364. D1364. Object causes magic sleep. *Schoepperle Tristan and Isolt I 257 n. 1; Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1364.0.1. D1364.0.1. Ring wakes from magic sleep. (Cf. D1076.)--*Fb “ring” III 60a.

D1364.0.2. D1364.0.2. Hero can only wake when a certain axe falls down. (Cf. D1206.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1364.1. D1364.1. Fountain causes magic sleep. (Cf. D925.)--Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Brunnen” nn. 108--110.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “fontaine”; Irish: Plummer cli, clxxii, *Cross.

D1364.2. D1364.2. Sleep-thorn. Thorn causes magic sleep. (Cf. D958.)--*Kцhler-Bolte I 261; *BP I 440; *Panzer Sigfrid 281 s.v. “Schlafdorn”; **Cosquin Йtudes 95ff., Contes indiens 59ff.--English: Child V 495 s.v. “sleep”; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1364.3. D1364.3. Flowers cause magic sleep. (Cf. D975.)--*Basset 1001 Contes I 143.

D1364.4. D1364.4. Fruit causes magic sleep. (Cf. D980.)--*Basset 1001 Contes I 143e.

D1364.4.1. D1364.4.1. Apple causes magic sleep. (Cf. D981.1.)--*Types 400, 590, 709; *BP I 463, II 346, III 1; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1364.4.2. D1364.4.2. Figs cause magic sleep. (Cf. D981.5.)--Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 56, 116 Nos. 408*A, 970.

D1364.5. D1364.5. Saint‘s breath causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1005.)--Irish: Plummer clxxii, Cross.

D1364.6. D1364.6. Feather causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1021.)--English: Child V 496 s.v. “sleep”.

D1364.7. D1364.7. Sleeping potion: drink causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1040, D1242.2, D1364.12.)--Dickson 63; Cox Cinderella 483; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1364.7.1. D1364.7.1. Liquor blessed by saint causes magic sleep. Irish: Plummer clxxii, Cross.

D1364.8. D1364.8. Enchanted stockings cause magic sleep. (Cf. D1062.)--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bas.”

D1364.9. D1364.9. Comb causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1072.1.)--*BP I 463; cf. Type 709.

D1364.10. D1364.10. Dagger causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1083.1.)--*Basset 1001 Contes I 143.

D1364.11. D1364.11. Pillow causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1154.5.) *Schoepperle Tristan and Isolt I 257 n. 1.--English: Child V 496 s.v. “sleep”; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1364.12. D1364.12. Contents of bottle cause magic sleep. (Cf. D1040, D1171.8, D1242.)--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “flacon”.

D1364.13. D1364.13. Cloth causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1051.)--BP I 463.

D1364.14. D1364.14. Needle causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1181.)--Kцhler-Bolte I 261.

D1364.15. D1364.15. Pin causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1182.)--*Type 400; *Cosquin Contes indiens 95ff.; *BP II 346; Cox Cinderella 483; *Basset 1001 Contes I 143.--English: Child V 496 s.v. “sleep”; Irish myth: Cross; Missouri French: Carriиre.

D1364.16. D1364.16. Hairpin causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1072.2.)--*Type 709; *BP I 463.

D1364.17. D1364.17. Spindle causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1186.)--*Type 410; *BP I 434ff., 440; *Saintyves Perrault 62.

D1364.18. D1364.18. Wand causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1254.1.)--Saintyves Perrault 63; Cox Cinderella 483.--Icelandic: Corpus Poeticum Boreale I 158, Boberg; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “baguette”, “sommeil”; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1364.19. D1364.19. Cigar causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1261.)--Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 56 No. 408*A.

D1364.20. D1364.20. Magic runes cause sleep. (Cf. D1266.1.)--Fb “sove” III 472b.--English: Child I 28, 48, 55, 391f, Wimberly 355.

D1364.21. D1364.21. Magic card causes sleep. (Cf. D1267.)--Kцhler-Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. VI 62 (to Gonzenbach No. 10); Basile Pentamerone III Nos. 1, 9; Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1364.22. D1364.22. Sleep-charm. Charm causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1273.)--Dickson 62 n. 6.--English: Child I 28, 48, 55, 391f; Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 366.

D1364.23. D1364.23. Song causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1275, D1364.24.)--Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “chant”.

D1364.24. D1364.24. Music causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1275.1.)--Greek: Fox 193 (Argos); Irish: Plummer clxxii, *Cross; English: Child V 489 s.v. “music”; Finnish: Kalevala rune 42.

D1364.25. D1364.25. Musical instrument causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1210.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1364.25.0.1. D1364.25.0.1. Musical branch causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1615.2.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1364.25.1. D1364.25.1. Flute causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1223.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1364.25.2. D1364.25.2. Drum causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1211.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1364.25.3. D1364.25.3. Pipe (musical) causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1224.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1364.26. D1364.26. Silver rods cause magic sleep. (Cf. D1254.2.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1364.27. D1364.27. Sword causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1081.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1364.28. D1364.28. Smoke from magic purse makes man sleep. (Cf. D1192.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1364.29. D1364.29. Touch of glove and ring causes sleep. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1364.30. D1364.30. Tooth of fox causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1011.4.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1364.31. D1364.31. Plant produces sleep. (Cf. D965.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1364.32. D1364.32. Jewel causes magic sleep. (Cf. D1071.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1365. D1365. Object causes magic forgetfulness.

D1365.1. D1365.1. Plant causes magic forgetfulness. (Cf. D965.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “herbe”.

D1365.1.1. D1365.1.1. Lotus causes forgetfulness. (Cf. D965.6, D2004.3.) Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus II 280 n. 2.

D1365.1.2. D1365.1.2. Myrtle causes forgetfulness. (Cf. D965.10.) Hartland Science 204.

D1365.1.3. D1365.1.3. Laurel causes forgetfulness. (Cf. D965.9.)--Hartland Science 204.

D1365.2. D1365.2. Drink causes magic forgetfulness. (Cf. D1040, D2004.3.1.)--Jiriczek “Der Vergessenheitstrank in der Nibelungensage” Zs. f. vgl. Litgsch. N. F. VII 49ff.; Cox Cinderella 512; Wimberly 278f.--Irish myth: *Cross; English: Child I 363 and note, 364; Norse: Herrmann II 590; Icelandic: *Boberg; Greek: Odyssey IV line 220 et passim; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1365.3. D1365.3. Food causes magic forgetfulness. (Cf. D1030.)--Icelandic: *Boberg; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 446.

D1365.4. D1365.4. Girdle causes forgetfulness. (Cf. D1057.1.) English: Herbert III 207.

D1365.5. D1365.5. Ring causes forgetfulness. (Cf. D1076.)--*Oesterley No. 10.--English: Wells 66 (Ywain and Gawain).

D1365.6. D1365.6. Magic cup causes forgetfulness. (Cf. D1171.6, D1365.2.)--*Fb “bжger” IV 83a.

D1365.7. D1365.7. Breath causes magic forgetfulness. (Cf. D1005.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1365.8. D1365.8. Magic medicine causes loss of memory. (Sprinkled on head.) (Cf. D1241, D1242.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1365.8.1. D1365.8.1. Medicines of forgetfulness and remembering. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1365.9. D1365.9. Tower causes magic forgetfulness. (Cf. D1149.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1365.10. D1365.10. Magic writings on drinking horn cause forgetfulness. (Cf. D1365.2.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1365.11. D1365.11. “Brain of forgetfulness” lost by person in battle. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1366. D1366. Magic object causes memory.

D1366.1. D1366.1. Magic drink causes memory. (Cf. D1040.)--Icelandic: *Boberg; Irish myth: Cross.

D1366.2. D1366.2. Lack of magic necklace causes forgetfulness. (Cf. D1365.)--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1367. D1367. Magic object causes insanity.

D1367.1. D1367.1. Magic plant causes insanity. (Cf. D965.)--Chauvin VII 19 No. 373D n. 1; Fb “vild” III 1052b.

D1367.2. D1367.2. Magic drink causes insanity. (Cf. D1040.)--*Kittredge Witchcraft 128, 450 n. 25.--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1367.3. D1367.3. Magic spell causes insanity. (Cf. D1273.)--*Kittredge Witchcraft 128, 450 n. 24.

D1367.4. D1367.4. Magic wisp (withe) causes insanity. (Cf. D1282.2.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1367.5. D1367.5. Runes cause frenzy. (Cf. D1266.1.) Norse: MacCulloch Eddic 298, Herrmann Saxo Gr. II 239, *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1367.6. D1367.6. Magic food causes insanity. (Cf. D1030.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1368. D1368. Magic object causes illusions. Irish myth: Cross.

D1368.1. D1368.1. Magic snake-oil causes illusions. (Cf. D1244.)--Kittredge Witchcraft 144, 463 nn. 51--54.

D1368.1.1. D1368.1.1. Ointment applied to eyes makes night seem day. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1368.2. D1368.2. Magic ring causes illusion. (Cf. D1076.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1368.3. D1368.3. Magic cloak causes illusion. (Cf. D1053.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1368.4. D1368.4. Tree of delusion. (Cf. D950.) Indian: Thompson-Balys.

D1368.5. D1368.5. Magic forest seems to stretch farther as mortals travel within. (Cf. D941.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1372. D1372. Magic object causes continued sneezing.

D1372.1. D1372.1. Magic ring causes continued sneezing. (Cf. D1076.)--Bйdier Fabliaux 442.

D1373. D1373. Magic object causes constant hunger.

D1373.0.1. D1373.0.1. Magic object causes constant thirst.

D1373.0.1.1. D1373.0.1.1. Magic lamp (eaten, causes thirst.) (Cf. D1162.1) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1373.1. D1373.1. Fetish medicine causes constant hunger. (Cf. D1241.) Africa (Benga): Nassau 177 No. 24 version I.

D1373.2. D1373.2. Two loaves of bread--one to excite, the other to appease hunger. (Cf. D1031.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1374. D1374. Magic object causes longing.

D1374.1. D1374.1. Magic music causes longing. (Cf. D1275.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1375. D1375. Magic object causes (or removes) temporary growths.

D1375.1. D1375.1. Magic object causes horns to grow on person. Irish myth: Cross.

D1375.1.1. D1375.1.1. Magic fruit causes horns to grow on person. (Cf. D981.)--Philippine: *Fansler MAFLS XII 17.

D1375.1.1.1. D1375.1.1.1. Magic apples cause horns to grow on person. (Cf. D981.1)--*Type 566; *BP I 470ff., 482; *Aarne MSFO XXV 121.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “cornes”; N. A. Indian (European borrowings): *Thompson CColl II 399ff.

D1375.1.1.2. D1375.1.1.2. Magic peaches cause horns to grow on person. (Cf. D981.2.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “cornes”.

D1375.1.1.3. D1375.1.1.3. Magic orange causes horns to grow on person. (Cf. D981.3.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “orange”, “cornes”.

D1375.1.1.4. D1375.1.1.4. Magic cherries cause horns to grow on person. (Cf. D981.4.) *Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D1375.1.1.5. D1375.1.1.5. Magic figs cause horns to grow on person. (Cf. D981.5.)--*Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D1375.1.1.6. D1375.1.1.6. Magic pear causes horns to grow on person. (Cf. D981.6.) *Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D1375.1.1.7. D1375.1.1.7. Magic plums cause horns to grow on person. (Cf. D981.7.) *Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D1375.1.1.8. D1375.1.1.8. Magic grapes cause horns to grow on person. (Cf. D981.8.) *Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D1375.1.1.9. D1375.1.1.9. Magic dates cause horns to grow on person. (Cf. D981.9.) *Aarne MSFO XXV 122.

D1375.1.1.10. D1375.1.1.10. Magic berries cause horns to grow on person. (Cf. D981.10.) *Aarne MSFO XXV 122.

D1375.1.2. D1375.1.2. Magic vegetable causes horns to grow on person. (Cf. D983.) *Aarne MSFO XXV 122.

D1375.1.3. D1375.1.3. Charm causes horns to grow on person. (Cf. D992.1.) Penzer III 187.

D1375.1.4. D1375.1.4. Blossom causes horns to grow on person. (Cf. D975.)--Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 16.

D1375.1.5. D1375.1.5. Magic drink causes horns to grow on person. (Cf. D1040.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1375.2. D1375.2. Magic object removes horns from person.

D1375.2.1. D1375.2.1. Magic fruit removes horns from person. (Cf. D1375.1.1, D981.)

D1375.2.1.1. D1375.2.1.1. Magic apple removes horns from person. (Cf. D981.1.)--*Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D1375.2.1.2. D1375.2.1.2. Magic orange removes horns from person. (Cf. D981.3.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “orange”.

D1375.2.1.3. D1375.2.1.3. Magic pear removes horns from person. (Cf. D981.6.) Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D1375.2.2. D1375.2.2. Magic nut removes horns from person. (Cf. D985.) Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D1375.2.3. D1375.2.3. Magic salve removes horns from person. (Cf. D1244.)--Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D1375.2.4. D1375.2.4. Magic water removes horns from person. (Cf. D1242.1.) Aarne MSFO XXV 121.

D1375.2.5. D1375.2.5. Blossoms remove horns from person. (Cf. D975.) Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 16.

D1375.3. D1375.3. Magic object causes wings to grow on person. Aarne MSFO XXV 123.

D1375.3.1. D1375.3.1. Magic ointment causes wings to grow on person. (Cf. D1244.) Chauvin V 41 No. 388; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1375.4. D1375.4. Magic object causes tail to grow.

D1375.4.1. D1375.4.1. Magic plant causes tail to grow.

D1375.4.1.1. D1375.4.1.1. Magic plantain causes four tails to grow. (Cf. D965.11.)--Africa (Ibo, Nigeria): Thomas 126.

D1375.4.2. D1375.4.2. Magic fruit causes tail to grow. (Cf. D981.) Aarne MSFO XXV 123.--Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 16.

D1375.5. D1375.5. Magic object causes humps to appear on back. (Cf. F344.1.) Aarne MSFO XXV 123.

D1375.6. D1375.6. Magic object causes feathers to grow on person. Irish myth: Cross.

D1375.6.1. D1375.6.1. Magic egg causes feathers to grow on person. (Cf. D1024.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1376. D1376. Magic object causes members to grow long or short.

D1376.1. D1376.1. Magic object makes nose long (restores it.) *Aarne MSFO XXV 123; Type 566; *BP I 470ff.; *Fb “nжse” II 716b.--Japanese: Ikeda.

D1376.1.1. D1376.1.1. Magic fruit makes nose long (restores it.)

D1376.1.1.1. D1376.1.1.1. Magic apple makes nose long (restores it). (Cf. D981.1.) *Fb “жble” III 1136a; Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Apfel” n. 10.

D1376.1.1.2. D1376.1.1.2. Magic cherry makes nose long (restores it). (Cf. D981.4.) Fb “kirsebжr” II 133a.

D1376.1.2. D1376.1.2. Magic ring makes nose grow long (restores it). (Cf. D1076.) Kцhler-Bolte I 110f.

D1377. D1377. Magic object changes person‘s size.

D1377.1. D1377.1. Magic comb changes person’s size at will. (Cf. D1072.1.) Kцhler-Bolte I 177.

D1379. D1379. Magic object produces miscellaneous temporary changes in persons, animals, or objects.

D1379.1. D1379.1. Magic object controls person‘s will.

D1379.1.1. D1379.1.1. Magic runes control person’s will. (Cf. D1266.1.) English: Child I 362.

D1379.2. D1379.2. Magic writings (runes) cause dead to speak. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1379.3. D1379.3. Magic writings (runes) produce enmity. (Cf. D1266.1.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1379.4. D1379.4. Magic picture causes people to wet the bed. (Cf. D1379.4.) Chinese: Graham.

D1379.5. D1379.5. “Milk-medicine” causes milk to appear in woman‘s breast. (Cf. D1241.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1380. D1380. Magic object protects. **Seligmann 72ff.--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1380.0.1. D1380.0.1. Magic object protects a city. *Chauvin VIII 191 No. 228.

D1380.0.1.1. D1380.0.1.1. Palladium. City impregnable while statue remains. (Cf. D1268.) Greek: Grote I 276.

D1380.1. D1380.1. Waberlohe. Magic fire surrounds and protects. (Cf. D1271.) BP I 440; *Panzer Sigfrid 281 s.v. “Waberlohe”; Seligmann 110ff., *122, 123ff., *130; Krappe Archiv fьr das Studium der Neueren Sprachen 1937, 1938.--Icelandic: Boberg.

D1380.1.1. D1380.1.1. Pillar of fire protects in desert. (Cf. D1271.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1380.2. D1380.2. Tree (plant) protects.

D1380.2.1. D1380.2.1. Calabash as guardian of girl. (Cf. D965.2.) Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 27.

D1380.2.2. D1380.2.2. Tree as guardian of girl. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1380.3. D1380.3. Head of divinity as protection of land. Buried. (Cf. D992.) *Kittredge Gawain 180 n. 1.--Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 105.

D1380.3.1. D1380.3.1. Magic head of horse as protection of land. (Cf. D1011.) Hdwb. d. Abergl. VI 996.--Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1380.4. D1380.4. Magic tent protects occupant. (Cf. D1138.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1380.5. D1380.5. Magic water protects. (Cf. D1242.1.) Seligmann 73ff, *106.--Irish myth: *Cross; Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1380.6. D1380.6. Magic coal protects. (Cf. D931.1.) Seligmann 131, *133; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1380.7. D1380.7. Magic soot protects. (Cf. D931.1.1.) Seligmann 137, *138.

D1380.8. D1380.8. Magic ashes protect. (Cf. D1271.1.) Seligmann 134, *137.

D1380.9. D1380.9. Magic earth (dirt) protects. (Cf. D935.) Seligmann *154.

D1380.10. D1380.10. Magic string protects. (Cf. D1184.2.) Penzer VI 59.

D1380.11. D1380.11. Magic jewel protects (Cf. D1071.) Seligmann *205, *285; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1380.12. D1380.12. Magic bedstead protects from harm. (Cf. D1154.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1380.13. D1380.13. Magic story protects. (Cf. D1266.3.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1380.14. D1380.14. Magic poems protect. (Cf. D1275.4.) Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1380.14.1. D1380.14.1. Magic hymn protects. (Cf. D1275.3, D1382.7.1, D1383.4.1, D1385.16, D1389.9.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1380.15. D1380.15. Magic well protects. (Cf. D926.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1380.16. D1380.16. Magic dog protects. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1380.16.1. D1380.16.1. Magic statue of dog protects. (Cf. D1268.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1380.17. D1380.17. Magic cup protects. (Cf. D1171.6.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1380.18. D1380.18. Magic cloth protects. (Cf. D1051.) Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1380.19. D1380.19. Magic club protects ten men. (Cf. D1094.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1380.20. D1380.20. Runes protect. (Cf. D1266.1.) Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 298, Boberg.

D1380.21. D1380.21. Magic ointment protects. (Cf. D1244.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1380.22. D1380.22. Magic feather protects. (Cf. D1021.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1380.23. D1380.23. Magic ring protects. (Cf. D1076.) India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1380.24. D1380.24. Spell overcomes all danger. (Cf. D1273.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1380.25. D1380.25. Magic cloud protects. (Cf. D901.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1380.26. D1380.26. Reindeer hose from corpse protect women. (Cf. D1062, D1278.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 173.

D1381. D1381. Magic object protects from attack. *Kittredge Witchcraft 54, 404 nn. 231--234.--Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1381.1. D1381.1. Druid’s hedge prevents attack. (Cf. D945, D1282.1.1, D1361.1.) Irish: Plummer clxi, *Cross.

D1381.2. D1381.2. Saint‘s spittle protects fugitive from attack. (Cf. D1001.) Irish: Plummer clxxviii, Cross.

D1381.3. D1381.3. Magic garment protects against attack. (Cf. D1052, D1053.) *Thien Motive 30; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 1712.--Icelandic: Corpus Poeticum Boreale II 354, Mцbius Hбttatal II 130, *Boberg; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1381.3.1. D1381.3.1. Garment proof against all but man’s own sword. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1381.3.2. D1381.3.2. Magic unpierceable (horn) skin protects against attack. (Cf. D1025.) Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1381.3.3. D1381.3.3. A protective garment which spears could not penetrate. (Cf. D1052.) *Loomis White Magic 123.

D1381.4. D1381.4. Magic coat protects against attack. (Cf. D1053.)

D1381.4.1. D1381.4.1. Christ‘s coat of mercy protects Pilate from punishment. Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 323.

D1381.5. D1381.5. Magic shirt protects against attack. (Cf. D1056, D1344.9, D1389.7.) Цrvar Odds Saga 75, 109 (will not protect when in flight).--Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 499.

D1381.6. D1381.6. Stone necklace protects from attack. (Cf. D1073.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1381.7. D1381.7. Magic ring protects from attack. (Cf. D1076.) English: Wells 9 (King Horn); Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1381.8. D1381.8. Arms that protect from attack. (Cf. D1080.) English: Wells 132 (Sir Launfal); Irish myth: *Cross.

D1381.9. D1381.9. Dagger protects owner from attack. (Cf. D1083.1.) Malone PMLA XLIII 402.

D1381.10. D1381.10. Magic armor protects from attack. (Cf. D1101.) Thien Motive 30.--Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1381.10.1. D1381.10.1. Magic impenetrable breastplate. (Cf. D1101.3.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1381.10.2. D1381.10.2. Magic unpierceable cuirass. (Cf. D1101.2.) Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 67 No. 508*A.

D1381.10.3. D1381.10.3. Magic unpierceable helmet. (Cf. D1101.4.) Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1381.10.4. D1381.10.4. Magic impenetrable yoke. (Cf. D1101.5.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1381.11. D1381.11. Magic circle protects from devil. (Cf. D1272.) *Types 810, 815, Fb “kreds” II 293.--Irish: Beal XXI 316; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 693--697, 700; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer II 99 n.

D1381.11.1. D1381.11.1. Magic circle protects from wild animals. Chinese: Graham.

D1381.11.2. D1381.11.2. Magic circle protects from ghosts. (Cf. D1272.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1381.12. D1381.12. Saint’s bachall keeps off enemies. (Cf. D1277.) Irish: Plummer clxxv, *Cross.--*Loomis White Magic 123.

D1381.13. D1381.13. Magic fly-whisk stops sword-thrusts. (Cf. D1287.) Chinese: Werner 322.

D1381.14. D1381.14. Magic girdle protects from all wounds. (Cf. D1057.1.) English: Wells 55 (Gawayne and the Grene Knight.).

D1381.15. D1381.15. Red wards off danger. (Cf. D1293.1.) Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 300 No. 6.

D1381.16. D1381.16. Magic letters (amulets) guard against attack by wild animals or men. (Cf. D1266.1.) Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 1.

D1381.17. D1381.17. Spear in ground pointed toward ferocious animal protects. (Cf. D1084.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1381.18. D1381.18. Magic belt assures victory. (Cf. D1057.) Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1381.19. D1381.19. Magic chain protects from attack. (Cf. D1078.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1381.20. D1381.20. Sacred relics protect against attack. (Cf. D1296.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1381.21. D1381.21. Magic fan protects against attack. (Cf. D1077.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1381.22. D1381.22. Magic mist protects against attack. (Cf. D902.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1381.23. D1381.23. Magic spell causes fortress to revolve, preventing entrance. (Cf. D1273.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1381.24. D1381.24. Magic letter protects against attack. (Cf. D1266.1.) *Fb I 609 “himmelbrev”.--Irish myth: Cross.

D1381.24.1. D1381.24.1. Reading letter written by Christ protects against attack. Irish myth: Cross.

D1381.25. D1381.25. Carrying saint’s book around army right-handwise insures victory. (Cf. D1266.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1381.25.1. D1381.25.1. Dextrorsum circuit (around sacred stone) insures victory. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1381.26. D1381.26. Magic veil protects from attack. (Cf. D1061.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1381.27. D1381.27. Magic song stops spears. (Cf. D1275.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1381.28. D1381.28. Magic tree protects from attack. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1381.29. D1381.29. Speaking lamp prevents king from killing queen. (Cf. D1162.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1381.30. D1381.30. Rider on magic horse immune to harm or danger. (Cf. B181.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1381.31. D1381.31. Magic gate swallows axes trying to force it open. (Cf. D1146.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1381.32. D1381.32. Staff protects from attack. (Cf. D1254.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1382. D1382. Magic object protects against cold or burning.

D1382.1. D1382.1. Magic pebble prevents burning. (Cf. D931.) Southern Paiute: Lowie JAFL XXXVII 144.

D1382.1.0.1. D1382.1.0.1. Magic stones from holy well protect against loss by fire or water. Irish myth: Cross.

D1382.2. D1382.2. Fat of crow prevents burning. (Cf. D1017.1.1.) *Fb “fedt” I 278b.

D1382.3. D1382.3. Magic cake protects from heat. (Cf. D1031.2.) Chinese: Werner 186.

D1382.4. D1382.4. Magic oil prevents burning. (Cf. D1244.) Malone PMLA XLIII 406.

D1382.5. D1382.5. Magic fire does not burn one. (Cf. D1271.) Irish myth: *Cross, Plummer cxxxviii; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “feu”.

D1382.5.1. D1382.5.1. Flaming shield does not burn owner. (Cf. D1101.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1382.6. D1382.6. Magic shirt protects from cold and burning. (Cf. D1056.) Icelandic: *Boberg; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 491.

D1382.6.1. D1382.6.1. Magic garment protects from fire. (Cf. D1052.) Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 210 No. 159.

D1382.7. D1382.7. Song protects from fire. (Cf. D1275.) Irish: Plummer clxxix, Cross.

D1382.7.1. D1382.7.1. Magic hymn protects from fire. (Cf. D1275.3, D1380.14.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1382.7.1.1. D1382.7.1.1. Magic song protects from frost and cold. (Cf. D1275.) Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 298, Boberg.

D1382.8. D1382.8. Magic stream quenches fire. (Cf. D915.2.) *Type 715; *BP I 258.

D1382.9. D1382.9. Magic cowl protects from fire. (Cf. D1067.3.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1382.9.1. D1382.9.1. Magic cowl protects from cold. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1382.10. D1382.10. Magic garment prevents burning. (Cf. D1052.) Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 210 No. 159.

D1382.11. D1382.11. Magic ring protects against fire. (Cf. D1076.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1382.12. D1382.12. Magic blue stone protects against frost. (Cf. D931.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1382.13. D1382.13. Blood of salamander protects against fire. (Cf. D1016.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1383. D1383. Magic object protects from poison.

D1383.1. D1383.1. Magic garment protects from poison. (Cf. D1052.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1383.2. D1383.2. Charms protect from poison. (Cf. D1273.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 32, 387 n. 82; Irish myth: *Cross; India: Penzer I 113.

D1383.3. D1383.3. Magic ring protects against poison. (Cf. D1076.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 111, 440 n. 57; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Penzer I 110 n. 1.

D1383.4. D1383.4. Song protects against poison. (Cf. D1275.) Irish: Plummer clxxix, Cross.

D1383.4.1. D1383.4.1. Magic hymn protects against poison. (Cf. D1275.3, D1380.14.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1383.5. D1383.5. Leek in beer protects against poison. (Cf. D983.3.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1383.6. D1383.6. Magic red stone protects from poison. (Cf. D1070.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1384. D1384. Magic object protects from discomfort or from accident on journey.

D1384.1. D1384.1. Magic ring prevents discomfiture. (Cf. D1076.) Kittredge Witchcraft 111, 440 n. 51.

D1384.2. D1384.2. Noose used by suicide as protection from accident. (Cf. D1278.) Kittredge Witchcraft 142, 461 n. 24.

D1384.3. D1384.3. Charm gives safety on journey. (Cf. D1273.) Kittredge Witchcraft 32, 388 n. 93; Hдlsig Der Zauberspruch bei den Germanen 48ff.--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1384.3.1. D1384.3.1. Turning right-handwise insures safe journey. (Cf. D1272.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1384.4. D1384.4. Charms prevent fatigue. (Cf. D1273.) Kittredge Witchcraft 32, 388 n. 93.

D1384.4.1. D1384.4.1. Magic shirt prevents fatigue during swimming. (Cf. D1056.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1384.4.2. D1384.4.2. Magic blue stone prevents fatigue during swimming. (Cf. D1072.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1384.5. D1384.5. Song as protection on journey. (Cf. D1275.) Irish: Plummer clxxix, *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1384.6. D1384.6. Ointment gives protection on journey. (Cf. D1244.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1384.7. D1384.7. Magic ring prevents losing one’s way. (Cf. D1076.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1385. D1385. Magic object protects from evil spirits. Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.1. D1385.1. Earth from saint’s grave expels demons. (Cf. D935, V220.) Seligmann 149.--Irish: Plummer clxxx, Cross.

D1385.2. D1385.2. Plant as antidote to spells and enchantments. (Cf. D965.) Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 288 n. 1 (moly); Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.2.1. D1385.2.1. Herbs worn in ears keep off power of evil spirits. (Cf. D965.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1385.2.2. D1385.2.2. Rue, when burned, keeps evil spirits at a distance. (Cf. D965.16.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1385.2.3. D1385.2.3. Hawthorn protects travelers. (Cf. D950.13.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1385.2.4. D1385.2.4. Witch will never visit a house where pipal is strewn. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1385.2.5. D1385.2.5. Ash (quicken, rowan) protects against spells and enchantment. (Cf. D950.6, D1311.4.1.1.)

D1385.2.6. D1385.2.6. Roots protect from evil spirits. (Cf. D967.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.2.7. D1385.2.7. Mandrake protects from evil spirits. (Cf. D965.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.2.8. D1385.2.8. Garlic protects from evil spirits. (Cf. D1383.5.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.3. D1385.3. Marriage ring protects from devil. (Cf. D1076.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bague”.

D1385.3.1. D1385.3.1. Magic ring protects from spirit. Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 309 No. 17.

D1385.4. D1385.4. Silver bullet protects against giants, ghosts, and witches. (Cf. D1096.3.) Fb “sшlvknap”, “sшlvkugle”.--Japanese: Ikeda; North Carolina: Brown Collection I 644.

D1385.4.1. D1385.4.1. Witch shot dead with bullet of salt. (Cf. D1096.3.) Lithuanian: Balys Historical.

D1385.5. D1385.5. Metal as defense against spirits. (Cf. D1252.) *Seligmann *178; Penzer II 161ff.

D1385.5.1. D1385.5.1. Copper as defense against ghosts and magic. (Cf. D1252.2.) *Zingerle Sagen aus Tirol 589.--N. A. Indian (Ojibwa): Skinner PaAM XII 84.

D1385.5.2. D1385.5.2. Axe driven into house entrance keeps werwolf out. (Cf. D1206.) Jijena Sanchez 35.

D1385.6. D1385.6. Magic salve protects from enchantment. (Cf. D1244.) Fb “salve”.

D1385.7. D1385.7. Magic circle averts sorcery. (Cf. D1272.) *Chauvin VII 104 No. 378.--Scotland: Baughman.

D1385.8. D1385.8. Saint‘s bachall keeps off monsters and ghosts. (Cf. D1277.) Irish: Plummer clxxv, Cross.

D1385.9. D1385.9. Magic horseshoe keeps off devils, trolls, and witches. (Cf. D1286.) *Fb “hestesko”; Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 437ff.

D1385.10. D1385.10. Wheel buried in doorstep to prevent deviltry. (Cf. D1207.) Fb “hjul”.

D1385.11. D1385.11. Churchyard mould in hat prevents witchery. (Cf. D1278.1.) Fb “kirkegaardsmuld”.

D1385.12. D1385.12. Magic bell disperses demons. (Cf. D1213.) *Frazer Old Testament III 446ff.--Irish: Plummer clxxvi, *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.12.1. D1385.12.1. Saint’s bell rung against black birds (demons). Irish myth: *Cross.

D1385.13. D1385.13. Charm prevents witchcraft. (Cf. D1273.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 32, 388 nn. 87, 98, 99; ibid. 133, 453ff. nn. 62--82 passim; *Fb “lжse”, “lжsning”, “Fader Vor”; Penzer III 137.

D1385.13.1. D1385.13.1. Ineffable Name subjugates demons. (Cf. D807, G302.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.14. D1385.14. Milk of two king‘s children protects hero in dragon fight. (Cf. B11.11, D1043.) Dickson 135 n. 117.

D1385.15. D1385.15. Holy water and mass prevent demons alighting on grave. (Cf. D1242.1.2.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1385.15.1. D1385.15.1. Holy water dispels demons. Irish myth: Cross.

D1385.16. D1385.16. Magic hymn protects against demons and vices. (Cf. D1275.3.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1385.16.1. D1385.16.1. Magic hymn protects against spells of druids. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1385.16.2. D1385.16.2. Magic hymn protects against spells of smiths. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1385.16.3. D1385.16.3. Magic hymn protects against spells of women. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1385.17. D1385.17. Magic measurement protects against devil. (Cf. D1273.4, D1389.10, F950.3.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1385.18. D1385.18. Magic thread protects against demons. (Cf. D1184.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.19. D1385.19. Clothing protects from evil spirit. (Cf. D1050.)

D1385.19.1. D1385.19.1. Saint‘s hose protects woman from devil. Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D1385.20. D1385.20. Runes protect from the curse of a dead Christian woman. (Cf. D1266.1.) Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 298, cf. Boberg.

D1385.21. D1385.21. Magic stone makes demons despair. Irish myth: Cross.

D1385.22. D1385.22. Bedstead at doorway prevents spirit from entering. (Cf. D1154.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1385.23. D1385.23. Magic quilt protects wearer from demons and human weapons. (Cf. D1167.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1385.24. D1385.24. Amulet guards against sorcery. (Cf. D1070.) India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 54, Rink 151, (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 511.

D1385.25. D1385.25. Magic book disperses demons. (Cf. D1266.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.26. D1385.26. Red color protects against demons. (Cf. D1293.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.27. D1385.27. Meal of fishes protects against demons. (D1032.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.28. D1385.28. Magic honey protects against demons. (Cf. D1037.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1385.29. D1385.29. Magic lamp protects against demons. (Cf. D1162.1.) Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 239.

D1386. D1386. Magic object protects from unwelcome lover.

D1386.1. D1386.1. Magic sword protects woman from fairy lover in husband‘s absence. (Cf. D1081, F301.)--Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 197.

D1386.2. D1386.2. Magic herb keeps off demon lover. (Cf. D965.) Kittredge Witchcraft 120ff., 446ff. nn. 136--152 passim.--England, Scotland: *Baughman.

D1386.2.1. D1386.2.1. Clever woman and devil as paramour. Devil betrays means by which he can be driven out. Lithuanian: Balys Index Nos. *368, 3682, Legends No. 390.

D1387. D1387. Magic object preserves chastity. Schoepperle Tristan and Isolt I 123; *Boje 106ff.--Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1387.1. D1387.1. Amulet preserves chastity. (Cf. D1070.) Dickson 53 n. 62.

D1387.2. D1387.2. Magic charm (writings) preserves chastity. (Cf. D1266.1.) English: Child II 506a; Wells 22 (Sir Beues of Hamtoun).

D1387.3. D1387.3. Magic belt protects against husband. (Cf. D1057.) Icelandic: FSS 225, Boberg.

D1388. D1388. Magic object protects from drowning. Irish myth: *Cross, Beal XXI 328.

D1388.0.1. D1388.0.1. Magic ring protects from drowning. (Cf. D1076.) *Dickson 189 n. 65.

D1388.0.2. D1388.0.2. Magic veil keeps man from sinking in water. (Cf. D1061.) Greek: Fox 262.

D1388.0.3. D1388.0.3. Magic chain protects from drowning. Irish myth: Cross.

D1388.0.4. D1388.0.4. Magic garment protects from drowning. (Cf. D1052.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1388.0.5. D1388.0.5. By means of magic bag it is possible to stay as long on the bottom of the sea as one wants. (Cf. D1193.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1388.0.6. D1388.0.6. By means of magic helmet it is possible to stay on the bottom of the sea as long as one wants. (Cf. D1101.4.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1388.1. D1388.1. Magic object protects from shipwreck.

D1388.1.1. D1388.1.1. Saint‘s bachall protects from shipwreck. (Cf. D1277.) Irish: Plummer clxxv, Cross.

D1388.1.2. D1388.1.2. Herb protects from storms at sea. (Cf. D965.) Kittredge Witchcraft 153, 474 n. 10.

D1388.1.3. D1388.1.3. Runes protect from storm and shipwreck. (Cf. D1266.1.) Norse: MacCulloch Eddic 298.

D1388.2. D1388.2. Magic stone keeps flood from overflowing earth. (Cf. A1010, D931, D1389.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1389. D1389. Magic object affords miscellaneous protection.

D1389.1. D1389.1. Magic stone protects church from oppression. (Cf. D931, V111.) Irish: Plummer clvii, Cross.

D1389.2. D1389.2. Charms against theft. (Cf. D1273.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 32, 190f., 388 n. 96, 508 nn. 34--43.

D1389.2.1. D1389.2.1. Theft from church prevented by apparent heat. *Loomis White Magic 98.

D1389.2.2. D1389.2.2. Thieves cannot cross a river because the water suddenly becomes too hot for them. *Loomis White Magic 98.

D1389.3. D1389.3. Magic cup protects against loss of strength. (Cf. D1171.6.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1389.4. D1389.4. Magic wheel prevents entrance to fortress. (Cf. D1207.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1389.5. D1389.5. Magic spear protects against spell. (Cf. D1084.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1389.6. D1389.6. Saint’s bell carried around tribe averts all danger. (Cf. D1213.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1389.7. D1389.7. Magic shirt protects against opposition. (Cf. D1056.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1389.8. D1389.8. Magic helmet prevents baldness. (Cf. D1101.4.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1389.9. D1389.9. Magic hymn protects against poverty, death and dishonor. (Cf. D1275.3, D1380.14.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1389.9.1. D1389.9.1. Magic red stone protects against poverty. (Cf. D1070.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1389.9.2. D1389.9.2. Magic ring prevents poverty. (Cf. D1076.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1389.10. D1389.10. Magic measurement protects against sudden death. (Cf. D1273.4.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1389.11. D1389.11. Magic armature protects soul from hurt. (Cf. D1101.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1389.12. D1389.12. Leek put under the tongue of supposed dead person preserves him from harm by burial. (Cf. D983.3.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1389.13. D1389.13. Magic plant banishes fear. (Cf. D965.) Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1389.14. D1389.14. Sword puts to flight five evil passions. (Cf. D1081.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1389.15. D1389.15. Magic incense protects from plague. (Cf. D1295.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1389.16. D1389.16. Magic girdle protects from pain. (Cf. D1057.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1390. D1390. Magic object rescues person. Missouri French: Carriиre.

D1390.1. D1390.1. Hairs of lion, when burnt, get owner out of difficulties. (Cf. D1023.) Malone PMLA XLIII 409.

D1391. D1391. Magic object saves person from execution. Type 562.--Irish myth: *Cross; Missouri French: Carriиre.

D1391.1. D1391.1. Miraculous rain extinguishes fire used at stake. (Cf. D902.) *Basset RTP XXIII 167; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1391.2. D1391.2. Saint‘s bachall saves prisoner from execution. (Cf. D1277, V220.) Irish: Plummer clxxv, Cross.

D1392. D1392. Magic object saves owner from death. *Kittredge Witchcraft 54f., 405 nn. 235--237.--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1392.1. D1392.1. Amulet saves one from death. (Cf. D1070.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 187, III 114, 211, 216, Rink 168.

D1393. D1393. Magic object helps fugitive. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1393.1. D1393.1. Tree opens and conceals fugitive. (Cf. D950.) Irish: Plummer cliii, Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 90.

D1393.1.1. D1393.1.1. Woman charms stick of wood so she can hide inside it. (Cf. D956.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 107.

D1393.2. D1393.2. Magic object maintains quiet so that fugitive may escape. Africa (Hottentot): Bleek 54 No. 24, 63 No. 27.

D1393.3. D1393.3. Magic storm protects hidden children. (Cf. D905.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1393.4. D1393.4. Tree points way to fugitive but misdirects enemy. (Cf. D950.) Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Baum”.

D1393.5. D1393.5. Magic thorn-tree attacks pursuer and helps fugitive. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1394. D1394. Magic object helps hero in trial.

D1394.1. D1394.1. Trial by ordeal subverted by carrying magic object. *Kittredge Witchcraft 54, 404 nn. 227--229.

D1394.2. D1394.2. Magic object enables one to withstand inquisitorial torture. Kittredge Witchcraft 405 n. 235.

D1395. D1395. Magic object frees person from prison. *Type 559.--Irish myth: Cross.

D1395.1. D1395.1. Escape from prison by use of magic fiddle. (Cf. D1233.) *Types 851, 853.

D1395.2. D1395.2. Escape from prison by use of magic tablecloth. (Cf. D1153.1.) *Types 851, 853.

D1395.3. D1395.3. Escape from prison by use of magic purse. (Cf. D1192.) *Types 851, 853.

D1395.4. D1395.4. Saint’s bachall enables captive to escape. (Cf. D1277, V220.) Irish: Plummer clxxv, Cross.

D1395.5. D1395.5. Magic ring enables captive to escape. (Cf. D1076.) English: Wells 65 (Ywain and Gawain); Icelandic: Boberg.

D1395.6. D1395.6. Escape from prison by use of charm (formula). (Cf. D1273.) Penzer I 136f.; Dickson 220 n. 12.--Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 298, *Boberg.

D1395.7. D1395.7. Escape from prison by use of magic hymn. (Cf. D1275.3.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1395.8. D1395.8. All fetters loosed on the night of Christ‘s Nativity. Irish myth: Cross.

D1395.9. D1395.9. Magic centipede enables captive to make hole in wall. Chinese: Graham.

D1396. D1396. Magic object breaks spells. Irish myth: Cross.

D1396.1. D1396.1. Magic goblet breaks spells. (Cf. D1171.6.2.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1399. D1399. Rescue by magic object--miscellaneous.

D1399.1. D1399.1. Magic spinning rod pulls horse out of the earth. (Cf. D1254.2.) India: Thompson-Balys.



D1400. D1400. Magic object overcomes person.

D1400.1. D1400.1. Magic object conquers enemies.

D1400.1.1. D1400.1.1. Magic trousers conquer enemy. Hero spreads them in air and balls of fire fall from them on enemy. (Cf. D1055.) Chinese: Werner 309.

D1400.1.2. D1400.1.2. Magic ring conquers enemy. (Cf. D1076.) *Fb “ring” III 60b.

D1400.1.3. D1400.1.3. Magic fan conquers enemy. (Cf. D1077.) Chinese: Werner 242, Eberhard FFC CXX 232.

D1400.1.4. D1400.1.4. Magic weapon conquers enemy. (Cf. D1080.)

D1400.1.4.1. D1400.1.4.1. Magic sword conquers enemy. (Cf. D1081, D1601.4.) *Type 328; MacCulloch Childhood 202.--Irish myth: *Cross; Norse: MacCulloch Eddic 268 (Tyrfing); Finnish: Kalevala rune 36; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10; India: *Thompson-Balys; Indo-Chinese: Scott Indo-Chinese 303.

D1400. D1400. Sacred sword of saint repulses army of heretics. *Loomis White Magic 123.

D1400.1.4.2. D1400.1.4.2. Magic saber conquers enemy. (Cf. D1082.) *Chauvin V 259 No. 154 n. 1; Type 576***.

D1400.1.4.3. D1400.1.4.3. Magic knife conquers enemy. (Cf. D1083.) Type 576******.--Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 211, (Fang): Tessman 93, 94,

D1400.1.4.4. D1400.1.4.4. Magic spear conquers enemy. (Cf. D1084, D1601.4.0.1.) Irish myth: *Cross (D1400.1.7); Chinese: Werner 355.

D1400.1.4.5. D1400.1.4.5. Hercules’ bow and arrow essential to capture Troy. Greek: Grote I 275. (Cf. D1091, D1092.)

D1400.1.4.6. D1400.1.4.6. Magic stone axe conquers enemies. (Cf. D1097.) Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 395.

D1400.1.4.7. D1400.1.4.7. Magic arrows annihilate army. (Cf. D1092.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1400.1.5. D1400.1.5. Magic jewel conquers enemies. (Cf. D1071.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1400.1.6. D1400.1.6. Magic amulet in mouth conquers enemies. (Cf. D1270.). Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 175, III 291, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 628.

D1400.1.7. D1400.1.7. Magic staff defeats enemies. (Cf. D1254.) German: Grimm Nos. 90, 166.

D1400.1.7.1. D1400.1.7.1. Magic club (stick) gives victory. (Cf. D1094.) India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1400.1.8. D1400.1.8. Magic cup gives victory. (Cf. D1171.6.) Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 171, Cross.

D1400.1.9. D1400.1.9. Saint‘s bell conquers enemies. (Cf. D1213.) Irish: Plummer clxxvi, *Cross.

D1400.1.9.1. D1400.1.9.1. Saint rings the church bells, and enemies flee in dismay. *Loomis White Magic 53.

D1400.1.10. D1400.1.10. Charm gives victory in fight. (Cf. D1273.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 32, 388 n. 97.

D1400.1.11. D1400.1.11. Magic runes give power over enemy. (Cf. D1266.1.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 31, 387 n. 77.--Icelandic: Boberg.

D1400.1.11.1. D1400.1.11.1. Magic oath stops killer and sends invading army back. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1400.1.12. D1400.1.12. Saint’s bachall defeats enemies. (Cf. D1277.) Irish: Plummer clxxv, *Cross.

D1400.1.12.1. D1400.1.12.1. Saint‘s bachall overcomes beast in hell. Irish myth: Cross.

D1400.1.13. D1400.1.13. Magic mirror kills enemy soldiers. (Cf. D1163.) Africa (Quelimane): Torrend Zs. f. afrikan. u. ozean. Spr. I 247ff.

D1400.1.14. D1400.1.14. Magic stone (jewel) gives victory. (Cf. D931.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1400.1.15. D1400.1.15. Armor gives victory. (Cf. D1101.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1400.1.16. D1400.1.16. Magic banner gives victory. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1400.1.17. D1400.1.17. Magic helmet gives victory. (Cf. D1101.4.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1400.1.18. D1400.1.18. Thread from jogi’s garment when pulled makes fort fall to ground. (Cf. D1052.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1400.1.19. D1400.1.19. Magic feather defeats enemy. (Cf. D1021.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1400.1.20. D1400.1.20. Magic (human) head defeats enemy. (Cf. D992.)

D1400.1.20.1. D1400.1.20.1. Magic (human) head causes fortress to crumble. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1400.1.21. D1400.1.21. Bull‘s tail becomes a stick that lashes hero’s enemies and exterminates an army. (Cf. D1029.2.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1400.1.22. D1400.1.22. Raja‘s guards magically transform stones and dry bones rained upon him by army of witches and turn them back. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1400.1.23. D1400.1.23. Magic storm conquers enemies. (Cf. D905.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1400.1.23.1. D1400.1.23.1. Magic wind sinks five pursuing demons in sea. (Cf. D906.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1400.1.23.2. D1400.1.23.2. Lightning in magic box kills an army sent by king to conquer hero. (Cf. D1174.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1401. D1401. Magic object cudgels person.

D1401.1. D1401.1. Magic club (stick) beats person. (Cf. D1094.) **Aarne JSFO XXVII 1--96; *Types 563, 534*; *BP I 349ff.; Dickson 133f. nn. 110--116; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 49 No. 330; Missouri French: Carriиre; India: *Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian (Jicarilla Apache): Goddard PaAM VIII 225 No. 27, (Tsimshian): Boas BBAE XXVII 225; S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 70.

D1401.1.1. D1401.1.1. Magic cudgel beats animals to death for owner. S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 70.

D1401.2. D1401.2. Magic sack furnishes mannikin who cudgels owner’s enemies. (Cf. D1193.) *Type 564; *Aarne JSFO XXVII 48.

D1401.3. D1401.3. Magic whip beats person. (Cf. D1208.) Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 47, (Benga): Nassau 119 No. 11.

D1401.4. D1401.4. Magic pot with demons who beat owner‘s enemy. (Cf. D1171.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1401.5. D1401.5. Magic stone hits everything and returns by itself. (Cf. D931.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1401.6. D1401.6. Magic hammer beats person. (Cf. D1209.4.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1401.7. D1401.7. Magic slipper beats person. (Cf. D1065.2) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1401.8. D1401.8. Log of wood animated by spirit of malignant holy man strikes left and right to kill offending villagers. (Cf. D956.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1401.9. D1401.9. Magic bone beats king’s face. (Cf. D1007.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1402. D1402. Magic object kills.

D1402.0.1. D1402.0.1. Magic object burns person up. Chinese: Werner 318.

D1402.0.1.1. D1402.0.1.1. Magic shield shoots balls of fire among enemies. (Cf. D1101.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1402.0.1.2. D1402.0.1.2. Holy man’s cloak burns person up. (Cf. D1053.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1402.0.2. D1402.0.2. Magic object causes person to be drowned. (Cf. D1402.13.2.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1402.0.2.1. D1402.0.2.1. Magic well causes person to be drowned. (Cf. D926). Irish myth: *Cross.

D1402.0.2.2. D1402.0.2.2. Magic spell causes person to be drowned. (Cf. D1273.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1402.0.2.3. D1402.0.2.3. Magic ring causes person to be drowned. (Cf. D1076.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1402.1. D1402.1. Magic plant kills. (Cf. D965.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1402.2. D1402.2. Magic hair in man‘s eyebrow kills all who see it. (Cf. D991.) Irish: Plummer cxl, Cross.

D1402.3. D1402.3. Magic part of animal kills.

D1402.3.1. D1402.3.1. Magic serpent heart kills giant. (Cf. D1015.1.3.) Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 43 No. 302*A.

D1402.3.2. D1402.3.2. Magic leopard gall causes death. (Cf. D1015.2.) Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 27.

D1402.3.3. D1402.3.3. Magic animal horn kills. (Cf. D1011.1.) Africa (Fang): Trilles 268.

D1402.3.4. D1402.3.4. Magic jaw bone of ass kills. (Cf. D1011.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1402.4. D1402.4. Magic fire kills. (Cf. D1271.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1402.5. D1402.5. Nessus-shirt. Magic shirt burns wearer up. (Cf. D1056.) *BP I 42 n. 1; Fb “skjorte” III 268b.; Greek: Fox 94; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1402.6. D1402.6. Magic bracelet kills man. (Cf. D1074.) Chinese: Werner 308.

D1402.7. D1402.7. Magic weapon kills. (Cf. D1080.)

D1402.7.0.1. D1402.7.0.1. Weapons magically venomous. (Cf. D1080.) Irish myth: Cross (D1402.19).

D1402.7.1. D1402.7.1. Magic sword kills man. (Cf. D1081.) Malone PMLA XLIII 403; Jewish: Neuman.

D1402.7.1.1. D1402.7.1.1. Magic sword slays a man daily. Fb “svжrd” III 690b; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1402.7.1.2. D1402.7.1.2. Magic sword always inflicts mortal wounds. Irish myth: *Cross (D1402.7.2.)

D1402.7.2. D1402.7.2. Magic spear kills. (Cf. D1084.)

D1402.7.2.1. D1402.7.2.1. Magic spear always inflicts mortal wounds. (Cf. D1084.) Irish myth: *Cross (D1402.8).

D1402.7.2.2. D1402.7.2.2. Magic all-killing spear-head. (Cf. D1084.1.) Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 418; Africa (Benga): Nassau 178 No. 24, version 1, (Duala): Lederbogen Mдrchen 138.

D1402.7.2.3. D1402.7.2.3. Magic spear’s point harmless, while its shaft inflicts mortal blow. Irish myth: Cross (D1402.8.2).

D1402.7.2.4. D1402.7.2.4. Magic spear kills man. (Cf. D1084.) Irish myth: Cross (D1402.8.3).

D1402.7.3. D1402.7.3. Magic lance kills.

D1402.7.4. D1402.7.4. Magic cartridge kills. (Cf. D1096.) Jijena Sanchez 32.

D1402.7.5. D1402.7.5. Magic arrow kills. (Cf. D1092.) Chinese: Graham.

D1402.7.5.1. D1402.7.5.1. Arrows rubbed with black chicken fatal. Chinese: Graham.

D1402.8. D1402.8. Magic breath kills. (Cf. D1005.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1402.9. D1402.9. Magic door catches bear so that he is burned to death. (Cf. D1146.) Shasta: Farrand-Frachtenberg JAFL XXVIII 216 No. 6.

D1402.10. D1402.10. Magic wand kills. (Cf. D1254.1.) MacCulloch Childhood 205; N. A. Indian (Passamaquoddy): Leland 127, (Chilcotin): Farrand JE II 44 No. 30, (Kwakiutl): Boas and Hunt JE III 356, (Bella Coola): Boas JE I 54.

D1402.10.1. D1402.10.1. Stick, become a sword, flies through air to kill ferocious animal-guardians of extraordinary lotus. (Cf. D1094, D1254.) India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1402.10.2. D1402.10.2. Rod from magic hazel-tree kills snake immediately. (Cf. D956.) (Cf. D950.1, A2711.4.1.) BP III 477.

D1402.11. D1402.11. Magic song kills person. (Cf. D1275.) Finnish: Kalevala rune 12; Jewish: Neuman.

D1402.11.1. D1402.11.1. Magic music kills person. (Cf. D1275.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1402.12. D1402.12. Magic ring kills. (Cf. D1076.) *Fb “ring” III 60b.

D1402.13. D1402.13. Druid‘s spells kill Christian king. (Cf. D1273.) Irish: Plummer clix, Cross.

D1402.13.1. D1402.13.1. Druid’s spells kill enemies. (Cf. D1273.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1402.13.2. D1402.13.2. Druid‘s spells cause drowning. (Cf. D1402.0.2.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1402.13.2.1. D1402.13.2.1. Druidess’ spell causes drowning. Irish myth: Cross.

D1402.13.3. D1402.13.3. Charm used to kill. (Cf. D1273.) S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 126f.

D1402.14. D1402.14. Magic circle of saliva kills dragon. (Cf. D1001, D1272.) Wesselski Mцnchslatein 171 No. 136.

D1402.14.1. D1402.14.1. Magic charmed spittle kills. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1402.15. D1402.15. Magic poem (satire) causes king to waste away. (Cf. D1275.4.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1402.15.1. D1402.15.1. Magic poem (satire) causes man to melt. Irish myth: Cross.

D1402.15.2. D1402.15.2. Magic poem (satire) causes death. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1402.15.3. D1402.15.3. Satire causes ulcers on face. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1402.16. D1402.16. Magic mustard-seed causes man to turn to ashes. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1402.16.1. D1402.16.1. Magic mustard seed causes man to be dead for an hour. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1402.17. D1402.17. Magic bedstead-legs kill dangerous animals. (Cf. D1154.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1402.18. D1402.18. Excrements cause approaching animals to fall dead. (Cf. D1002.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1402.19. D1402.19. Magic statue kills. (Cf. D1268.)

D1402.19.1. D1402.19.1. Magic statue of animal kills. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 152.

D1402.20. D1402.20. Magic wheel kills all upon whom it falls. (Cf. D1207.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1402.21. D1402.21. Magic stone kills person whom it strikes. (Cf. D931.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1402.22. D1402.22. Magic harp kills. (Cf. D1231.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1402.23. D1402.23. Killing with head of fallen enemy. Irish myth: Cross.

D1402.24. D1402.24. Water from magic fountain kills. (Cf. D925.)

D1402.24.1. D1402.24.1. Giant kills people by sprinkling water on their heads. (Cf. D1242.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1402.25. D1402.25. Magic pills kill. (Cf. D1243.)

D1402.25.1. D1402.25.1. Magic pills reduce snake to ashes. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1402.26. D1402.26. Magic wind kills. (Cf. D906.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1402.27. D1402.27. Magic dust kills snake. (Cf. D935.3.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1402.28. D1402.28. Handkerchief whirled against advancing army stretches them lifeless. (Cf. D1069.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1402.29. D1402.29. Magic drum enters enemy‘s body and kills him. (Cf. D1211.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1402.30. D1402.30. Magic coat kills. (Cf. D1052.) Africa: Bouveignes 44.

D1402.31. D1402.31. Magic salt kills. (Cf. D1039.2.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1402.32. D1402.32. Magic tomb kills. Jewish: Neuman.

D1403. D1403. Magic object maims. Irish myth: Cross.

D1403.1. D1403.1. Magic poem (satire) raises blotches on face. (Cf. D1275.4.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1403.1.1. D1403.1.1. Magic poem causes deformity. Irish myth: Cross.

D1403.2. D1403.2. Magic well maims. (Cf. D926.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1403.3. D1403.3. Magic drink causes arms to fall from shoulders. (Cf. D1040.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1404. D1404. Magic object pierces.

D1404.1. D1404.1. Magic rod pierces whatever directed against. (Cf. D1254.2.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1404.2. D1404.2. Drop of hound’s blood from magic spear (lance) pierces owner‘s foot (head). (Cf. D1081.) Irish myth: *Cross (D1403.4).

D1405. D1405. Magic object causes person to disappear.

D1405.1. D1405.1. Magic ring causes person to disappear. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bague”.

D1406. D1406. Magic object helps win in law court.

D1406.1. D1406.1. Charm to win cases in law court. (Cf. D1273.) Kittredge Witchcraft 55, *406 nn. 240--3.

D1407. D1407. Magic object helps gambler win.

D1407.1. D1407.1. Magic ring helps gambler win. (Cf. D1076.) Kittredge Witchcraft 67, *410 n. 302.

D1407.2. D1407.2. Hangman’s noose gives luck in gambling. (Cf. D1278.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 142, 461 n. 23.

D1407.3. D1407.3. Magic game board helps win. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1407.4. D1407.4. Charm gives victory in game of dice. (Cf. D1273.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1408. D1408. Magic object devastates country.

D1408.1. D1408.1. Magic sphere burns up country. By turning that part of the globe to the sun, one can make any place on earth burn up. (Cf. D1264.) *Chauvin V 259 No. 154.

D1408.1.1. D1408.1.1. Magic bark sets creek on fire and burns it up. (Cf. D952.) Chinese: Graham.

D1408.2. D1408.2. Magic red wind devastates country. (Cf. D906.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1409. D1409. Magic object overcomes person--miscellaneous. Irish myth: Cross.

D1409.1. D1409.1. Magic object brings evil (bad luck) upon person. Irish myth: Cross.

D1409.1.1. D1409.1.1. Magic wand brings evil upon person. (Cf. D1254.1, D1254.2.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1409.2. D1409.2. Magic roll of cloth pacifies demon. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1410. D1410. Magic object renders person helpless.

D1410.1. D1410.1. Seeds cast on lions and tigers render them helpless. (Cf. D971.) Fb “frш” I 378b.

D1410.2. D1410.2. Light from hand-of-glory renders person helpless. (Cf. D1162.2.1.) Baker Am. Anthropologist o.s. I 55f.

D1410.3. D1410.3. Magic fluid takes away magic powers. Fluid is to be sprinkled with a willow branch. (Cf. D1242.) Chinese: Werner 216.

D1410.4. D1410.4. Possession of mermaid‘s belt gives power over her. (Cf. D1057.) *Fb “bжlte” IV 84a.

D1410.5. D1410.5. Serpent charmed into helplessness by magic formula. (Cf. D1273.) Finnish: Kalevala rune 26; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1410.6. D1410.6. Drink from magic cup deprives man of legs. (Cf. D1040, D1171.6.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1410.7. D1410.7. Magic bag shaken against enemies renders them helpless in face of mist or poison. (Cf. D1193.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1410.8. D1410.8. When spying follower accidentally touches holy man’s cloak he loses his eyesight and falls down senseless. (Cf. D1053.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1411. D1411. Magic object binds person (animal). Irish myth: Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1411.1. D1411.1. Magic rope binds person. (Cf. D1203.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1411.2. D1411.2. Magic whip holds person fast. (Cf. D1208.) Fb “pisk”.

D1411.3. D1411.3. Magic grass holds person fast. (Cf. D965.12.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1411.4. D1411.4. Magic charm binds deer so that it cannot move. (Cf. D1273.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1412. D1412. Magic object pulls person into it.

D1412.1. D1412.1. Magic bag draws person into it. (Cf. D1193.) Fb “pose”; *Type 330.--Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 314f. No. 114.

D1412.2. D1412.2. Magic pot draws person into it. (Cf. D1171.1.) N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 321 n. 157.

D1412.3. D1412.3. Flames draw person into them. (Cf. D1271.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1413. D1413. Magic object holds person fast. *Type 571.--Icelandic: Boberg; Irish myth: Cross; Chinese: Graham; Japanese: Ikeda.

D1413.0.1. D1413.0.1. Magic object causes persons to stick together.

D1413.0.1.1. D1413.0.1.1. Magic formula causes persons to stick together. (Cf. D1273.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1413.1. D1413.1. Tree from which one cannot descend. (Cf. D950.) *Type 330; BP II 163ff, *188.

D1413.1.1. D1413.1.1. Cherry tree from which one cannot descend. (Cf. D950.4.) Breton: Sйbillot s.v. “cerisier”.

D1413.1.2. D1413.1.2. Pear tree from which one cannot descend. (Cf. D950.5.) Fb “pжretrж” II 905b.

D1413.1.3. D1413.1.3. Fig tree from which one cannot descend. (Cf. D950.8.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1413.2. D1413.2. Ring prevents person from rising from chair. (Cf. D1076.) *Fb “ring” III 60b, 61a.--Icelandic: Boberg.

D1413.3. D1413.3. Sleigh makes person magically hold on. (Cf. D1115.) Fb “kane”.

D1413.4. D1413.4. Stairs to which person sticks. (Cf. D1144.) Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 49 No. 330.

D1413.5. D1413.5. Bench to which person sticks. (Cf. D1151.1.) *Type 330.--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1413.6. D1413.6. Chair to which person sticks. (Cf. D1151.2.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 202, 515 n. 107.--Greek: Fox 206; Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “chaise”; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 322 No. 92; U.S.: *Baughman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1413.7. D1413.7. Basin to which one sticks. (Cf. D1171.12.) *BP II 40 n. 2.

D1413.8. D1413.8. Chamber-pot to which one sticks. (Cf. D1171.13.) *BP II 40 n. 2.

D1413.9. D1413.9. Sack holds person who puts hand into it. (Cf. D1193.) Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 322 No. 92; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “blague”.

D1413.9.1. D1413.9.1. Wallet (sack) from which one cannot escape. (Cf. D1192.) *Fb “pung” II 897b, “pose” II 864a.--Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 49 No. 330.

D1413.10. D1413.10. Anvil to which one sticks. (Cf. D1202.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “enclume”.

D1413.11. D1413.11. Magic medicine causes person to stick to seat (pot). (Cf. D1241.) Africa (Benga): Nassau 138 No. 15, (Ekoi): Talbot 115.

D1413.12. D1413.12. Magic hand causes sword to stick to it. (Cf. D996.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1413.13. D1413.13. Magic stick holds person fast. (Cf. D1254.) Fb “kjжp”.--Icelandic: Boberg.

D1413.14. D1413.14. Magic cauldron (cup) to which one sticks. (Cf. D1171.2.) Irish: Plummer clxviii, *Cross.

D1413.15. D1413.15. Magic window holds person fast. (Cf. D1145.) *Cosquin Lorraine II 28.

D1413.16. D1413.16. Magic door holds person fast. (Cf. D1146.) *Cosquin Lorraine II 28.--Icelandic: Boberg.

D1413.16.1. D1413.16.1. Magic doorstep will not let person pass over. (Cf. D1146.1.) Chinese: Graham.

D1413.17. D1413.17. Magic adhesive stone. Makes all who poke in fire stick and say “Fiddevav.” (Cf. D931.) Type 593*.

D1413.18. D1413.18. Magic ball of string to which one sticks. (Cf. D1184.2.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1413.19. D1413.19. Magic plain to which one sticks. (Cf. D937.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1413.20. D1413.20. Magic earth-mould holds person fast. (Cf. D935.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1413.21. D1413.21. Magic grass holds person fast. (Cf. D965.12.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1413.22. D1413.22. Magic cloth holds person fast. (Cf. D1413.0.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1413.23. D1413.23. Magic drinking-tube holds person fast. (Cf. D1255.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1413.24. D1413.24. Grave holds person fast. (Cf. D1299.1.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 270.

D1413.25. D1413.25. Magic scabbard causes sword to stick to it. (Cf. D1101.5.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1414. D1414. Magic object renders weapon useless.

D1414.0.1. D1414.0.1. Magic object makes fortifications useless. German: Grimm No. 54.

D1414.1. D1414.1. Magic wand breaks enemy’s sword. (Cf. D1254.1.) Chinese: Werner 324.

D1414.2. D1414.2. Magic writings on sword render it harmless. (Cf. D1266.1.) Kittredge Witchcraft 31, 387 n. 78.--Icelandic: Boberg.

D1414.3. D1414.3. Magic wind causes arms to fall from warrior‘s hands. (Cf. D906.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1414.4. D1414.4. Magic song dulls enemy’s sword. (Cf. D1275.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1414.5. D1414.5. Magic garment makes weapons useless. (Cf. D1052.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1415. D1415. Magic object compels person to dance. England, Wales, U.S.: *Baughman; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1415.1. D1415.1. Water from magic well causes person to dance. (Cf. D926, D1353.1.) Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 54.

D1415.2. D1415.2. Magic musical instrument causes person to dance. (Cf. D1210.) *Fb “spille” III 488b.

D1415.2.1. D1415.2.1. Magic horn causes dancing. (Cf. D1222.) Type 592; *BP II 501.

D1415.2.2. D1415.2.2. Magic clarinet causes dancing. (Cf. D1223.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “clarinette”.

D1415.2.3. D1415.2.3. Magic flute causes dancing. (Cf. D1223.1.) *BP II 490--503 passim; *Fb “flцjte”.

D1415.2.4. D1415.2.4. Magic pipe causes dancing. (Cf. D1224.) Penzer III 187.

D1415.2.5. D1415.2.5. Magic fiddle causes dancing. (Cf. D1233.) *Types 559, 592, 853; *Basset RTP XXVI 266; *Fb “Jшde” II 66b, “fiol” I 292b.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “violon”; Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 97ff. No. 18.

D1415.2.6. D1415.2.6. Magic lute causes dancing. (Cf. D1232.)

D1415.2.6.1. D1415.2.6.1. Magic lute causes animals to dance. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1417. D1417. Magic object imprisons person.

D1417.1. D1417.1. Magic circle prevents escape. (Cf. D1272.) Fb “kreds” II 293.

D1418. D1418. Magic object causes person to become lost. Irish myth: Cross.

D1418.1. D1418.1. Magic mist causes person to become lost. (Cf. D902.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1419. D1419. Magic object renders person helpless--miscellaneous. Irish myth: Cross.

D1419.1. D1419.1. Magic object compels person to laugh (shriek). Irish myth: Cross.

D1419.1.1. D1419.1.1. Magic grave compels person to laugh (shriek). (Cf. D1299.2.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1419.2. D1419.2. Magic object paralyzes. Irish myth: Cross.

D1419.2.1. D1419.2.1. Magic bell paralyzes perjurer. (Cf. D1213.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1419.3. D1419.3. Magic object prevents ship from moving. Irish myth: Cross.

D1419.3.1. D1419.3.1. Saint‘s bachall prevents ship from moving. (Cf. D1277.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1419.4. D1419.4. Magic food brings eater into sender’s power. (Cf. D1031.1, D1273.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1420. D1420. Magic object draws person (thing) to it.

D1420.1. D1420.1. Person drawn by magic spell. (Cf. D1273.) Tawney II 571.

D1420.2. D1420.2. Person follows magic receding well. (Cf. D926.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1420.3. D1420.3. Guitar charming all who hear it. (Cf. D1234.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1420.4. D1420.4. Helper summoned by calling his name. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1421. D1421. Magic object summons helper.

D1421.0.1. D1421.0.1. Magic bell summons helper. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1421.0.2. D1421.0.2. Magic ashes summon helper. (Cf. D931.1.2.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1421.0.3. D1421.0.3. Magic hair when thrown into fire summons supernatural. helper. (Cf. D991.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1421.1. D1421.1. Magic object summons genie.

D1421.1.1. D1421.1.1. Magic tinder summons genie. (Cf. D1175.1.) Fb “fyrtшj”.

D1421.1.2. D1421.1.2. Magic fire-steel summons genie. (Cf. D1175.2.) *Type 562.

D1421.1.3. D1421.1.3. Magic book summons genie. (Cf. D1266.) Chauvin V 262 No. 154; *Fb “bog” IV 54a; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3315, Legends Nos. 597ff., 716; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1421.1.4. D1421.1.4. Magic light summons genie. (Cf. D1162.) *Type 562; *BP II 535; *Fb “lys” II 483a.

D1421.1.5. D1421.1.5. Magic lamp summons genie. (Cf. D1162.1.) *Type 561; *BP II 544ff.

D1421.1.6. D1421.1.6. Magic ring summons genie. (Cf. D1076.) *Bolte Reise der Sцhne Giaffers 214; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1421.1.7. D1421.1.7. Magic incense (when burned) summons genie. Africa (Swahili): Baker FL XXXVIII 183ff. No. 1.

D1421.1.8. D1421.1.8. Magic sword (rubbed) summons genie. (Cf. D1081.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1421.1.9. D1421.1.9. Magic hair summons demon. (Cf. D991.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1421.1.10. D1421.1.10. Magic roll of cloth summons demon. (Cf. D1051.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1421.1.11. D1421.1.11. Magic chain summons genie. (Cf. D1251.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1421.1.12. D1421.1.12. Magic pipe summons genie. (Cf. D1224.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1421.1.13. D1421.1.13. Magic ring summons air spirits. (Cf. D1076.) German: Grimm No. 166.

D1421.1.14. D1421.1.14. Opening bottle summons genie. (Cf. D1171.8.) German: Grimm No. 99.

D1421.2. D1421.2. Magic object summons water-spirit.

D1421.2.1. D1421.2.1. Magic arrow summons water-spirit. (Cf. D1092.) Chinese: Werner 182.

D1421.3. D1421.3. Magic object summons dwarfs. (Cf. F451.)

D1421.3.1. D1421.3.1. Magic fiddle summons dwarfs. (Cf. D1233.) *Fb “fiol” I 292b.

D1421.3.2. D1421.3.2. Magic flute summons dwarfs. (Cf. D1223.1.) German: Grimm No. 91.

D1421.3.3. D1421.3.3. Magic charm summons dwarfs. (Cf. D1273.) German: Grimm No. 113.

D1421.4. D1421.4. Magic object summons giant. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1421.4.1. D1421.4.1. Magic hairs summon giant. He gives hero some hairs from his own beard. (Cf. D991.) Malone PMLA XLIII 412; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1421.4.2. D1421.4.2. Magic bow summons giant. (Cf. D1091.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1421.5. D1421.5. Magic object summons army for rescue.

D1421.5.1. D1421.5.1. Magic horn summons army for rescue. (Cf. D1222.) *BP II 501.

D1421.5.2. D1421.5.2. Magic charm summons army. (Cf. D1273.) German: Grimm No. 136.

D1421.5.3. D1421.5.3. Magic sack contains soldiers which appear when it is struck. (Cf. D1193.) German: Grimm No. 54.

D1421.6. D1421.6. Magic object summons fairy.

D1421.6.1. D1421.6.1. Magic flute summons fairy. (Cf. D1223.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1425. D1425. Magic object draws lover (husband) to woman.

D1425.1. D1425.1. Magic spindle brings back prince for heroine. (Cf. D1186.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1425.2. D1425.2. Magic hairs summon husband. (Cf. D991.) Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 150.

D1425.3. D1425.3. Magic fan summons prince for heroine. (Cf. D1077.) India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1426. D1426. Magic object draws woman to man. *Type 562; *BP II 538.

D1426.0.1. D1426.0.1. Magic objects help hero win princess. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1426.1. D1426.1. Magic flute compels woman to come to man. (Cf. D1223.1.) Arikara: Dorsey CI XVII 90 No. 27; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1426.2. D1426.2. Magic ring causes woman to come to man. (Cf. D1076.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1426.3. D1426.3. Magic pipe compels woman to come to man. (Cf. D1224, D1427.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1427. D1427. Magic object compels one to follow.

D1427.1. D1427.1. Magic pipe compels one to follow. Pied Piper of Hamelin. (Cf. D1224.) *Fb “rotte” III 83a; *Chauvin VIII 155 No. 157; *Wehrhan Die Sage 51; *Dickson Studies in Philology XXIII (1926) 327f.; Zs. f. Vksk. XXIV 78; Solymossy Hongaarsche Sagen (Zutphen, 1929) 32, 375 No. 11; England, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1427.2. D1427.2. Woman’s arm-tassel lent to ogre compels her to follow him. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1427.3. D1427.3. Magic horsehairs (when rubbed) compel horse to follow. (Cf. D1023.) Africa (Kordofan): Frobenius Atlantis IV 134ff. No. 13, (Swahili): Bьttner 113ff.

D1427.4. D1427.4. Lute (rubbed) compels one to follow. (Cf. D1232.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1427.5. D1427.5. Harp compels one to follow. (Cf. D1231.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1427.6. D1427.6. Magic club brings thieves to master. (Cf. D1094.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1428. D1428. Magic object fetches another object.

D1428.1. D1428.1. Magic hair draws back quiver from which it has been taken. (Cf. D991.) Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 150.

D1428.2. D1428.2. Charm causes spearhead to return. (Cf. D1273.) Africa (Benga): Nassau 178 No. 24 version 1.

D1429. D1429. Magic object draws person (thing) to it--miscellaneous.

D1429.1. D1429.1. Magic stone turned thrice compels person to return to it. (Cf. D931.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1430. D1430. Magic object pursues or captures.

D1431. D1431. Magic object pursues.

D1431.1. D1431.1. Rock (stone) pursues person. (Cf. D931.) Africa (Kaffir): Theal 161; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 99.

D1431.2. D1431.2. Pursuit by magic fan. (Cf. D1077.) Chinese: Werner 242.

D1431.3. D1431.3. Pursuit by magic ring. (Cf. D1076.) Chinese: Werner 331.

D1431.4. D1431.4. Pursuit by magic buckets. (Cf. D1171.10.) Chinese: Werner 233.

D1431.5. D1431.5. Pursuit by magic calabash. (Cf. D965.2.) Africa (Nago): Bouche Mйlusine II 123f. No. 9.

D1432. D1432. Waters magically pursue man. (Cf. D910.) Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: Iliad XXI lines 234ff.--N. A. Indian (Menomini): Skinner and Satterlee PaAM XIII 257.

D1432.1. D1432.1. Water gradually envelops girl filling pitcher and drowns her. Work of malevolent rice-spirit. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1436. D1436. Magic hair stretches after fugitive. (Cf. D991.) Molucca: Dixon 231.

D1438. D1438. Magic weapon pursues victim. (Cf. D1080.)

D1438.1. D1438.1. Spell causes spear to pursue and slay man. Irish myth: Cross.

D1438.2. D1438.2. Magic arrow pursues victim. (Cf. D1092.) S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 77.

D1438.3. D1438.3. Magic club flies through air after victim. (Cf. D1094.) S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 75.

D1440. D1440. Magic object gives power over animals.

D1440.1. D1440.1. Magic horn has power over animals. (Cf. D1222.) Italian Novella: Rotunda; Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1441. D1441. Magic object calls animals together.

D1441.1. D1441.1. Magic musical instrument calls animals together. (Cf. D1210.) Finnish: Kalevala rune 41; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1441.1.1. D1441.1.1. Magic flute calls animals together. (Cf. D1223.1.) *Fb “flцjte”; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1441.1.2. D1441.1.2. Magic pipe calls animals together. (Cf. D1224.) *Types 515*, 570; *Fb “rotte”; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1441.1.3. D1441.1.3. Magic fiddle calls animals together. (Cf. D1233.) Type 650***.

D1441.1.3.1. D1441.1.3.1. Magic lute calls animals together. (Cf. D1232.) India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 859.

D1441.1.3.2. D1441.1.3.2. Magic harp calls animals together. (Cf. D1231.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1441.1.4. D1441.1.4. Magic song calls animals together. (Cf. D1275) Africa (Ba Ronga): Einstein 266.

D1441.2. D1441.2. Charm calls down swarm of bees. (Cf. D1273.) Kittredge Witchcraft 32, 388 n. 92.

D1442. D1442. Magic object tames or restrains animal.

D1442.1. D1442.1. Magic bridle restrains all horses. (Cf. D1209.1.) Type 594*.--Greek: Fox 40 (Bellerophon and Pegasus).

D1442.1.1. D1442.1.1. Mad horse becomes tame when girl’s voice reaches his ears. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1442.2. D1442.2. Straw on horse‘s back restrains him. (Cf. D1276.) *Fb “hest” I 598b.

D1442.3. D1442.3. Saint’s bachall subdues wild animals. (Cf. D1277, V220.) Irish: Plummer clxxv, Cross.

D1442.4. D1442.4. Magic staff thrown causes wild animals to stand still. (Cf. D1254.) Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas@2 III 19, *Neuman.

D1442.4.1. D1442.4.1. Magic rod tames lions. (Cf. D1254.2.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1442.5. D1442.5. Saint‘s song silences hound. (Cf. D1275.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1442.6. D1442.6. Magic spell tames animals. (Cf. D1273.) Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 120, 379, II 389, 917.

D1442.6.1. D1442.6.1. Spell tames horse. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1442.6.2. D1442.6.2. Magic spell causes birds to roost. Irish myth: Cross. (D1442.6.)

D1442.7. D1442.7. Magic breath subdues animals. (Cf. D1005.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1442.8. D1442.8. “Witch bone” enables possessor to control animals in any way he wishes. England: Baughman.

D1442.9. D1442.9. Magic meat pacifies animal guardians. (Cf. D1032.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1442.10. D1442.10. Magic whip makes docile animal-guardians of wonderful birds. (Cf. D1208.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1442.11. D1442.11. Diamond charms serpents into harmlessness. (Cf. D1071.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1442.12. D1442.12. Magic garment tames animals. (Cf. D1052.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1442.13. D1442.13. Magic musical instrument tames animals. (Cf. D1210.) Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 192, 1055.

D1443. D1443. Magic object expels animals.

D1443.1. D1443.1. Charm expels flies from city. (Cf. D1273.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1444. D1444. Magic object catches animal.

D1444.1. D1444.1. Magic object catches fish. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 19.

D1444.1.1. D1444.1.1. Saint’s bachall catches fish. (Cf. D1277, V220.) Irish: Plummer clxxv, Cross.

D1444.1.2. D1444.1.2. Magic wooden fish attracts live fish to fisherman‘s net. (Cf. D1268.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1444.1.3. D1444.1.3. Magic branch catches fish. (Cf. D954.) Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 276.

D1444.1.4. D1444.1.4. Magic charm allows person to hook mythical eel. (Cf. D1273.) Cook Islands: Bechwith Myth 104.

D1444.2. D1444.2. Charm to catch hare and monkey. (Cf. D1273.) Africa (Angola): Chatelain 183 No. 22.

D1444.3. D1444.3. Magic fishhook catches cats. (Cf. D1257.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “hameзon”.

D1444.4. D1444.4. Magic song to catch animals. (Cf. D1275.) Finnish: Kalevala rune 14; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1445. D1445. Magic object kills animal.

D1445.1. D1445.1. Revelation of magic secret permits animal to be killed. (Cf. D1273.2.) Finnish: Kalevala rune 20.

D1445.2. D1445.2. Magic spear kills animals. (Cf. D1084.) Africa (Benga): Nassau 184 No. 24 version 2.

D1445.3. D1445.3. Saint’s chant kills animal. (Cf. D1275, V220.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1445.4. D1445.4. Magic poem (satire) kills animals. (Cf. D1275.4.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1445.5. D1445.5. Magic garment kills animals. (Cf. D1052.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1445.6. D1445.6. Magic object burns animals.

D1445.6.1. D1445.6.1. Magic clouds burn animals. (Cf. D901.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1445.6.2. D1445.6.2. Magic heavenly fire burns animals. (Cf. D1271.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1446. D1446. Magic object prevents animal from straying.

D1446.1. D1446.1. Saint‘s bell keeps cattle from straying. (Cf. D1213.) Irish: Plummer clxxvi, Cross.

D1446.2. D1446.2. Saint’s gospel-book keeps cattle from straying. (Cf. D1266.) Irish: Plummer clxxviii, Cross.

D1446.3. D1446.3. Shepherd‘s consecrated staff keeps cow from straying. (Cf. D1254.) Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 302 No. 6.

D1446.4. D1446.4. Saint’s staff serves as a shepherd. (Cf. D1254.) *Loomis White Magic 100.

D1446.5. D1446.5. Magic circle keeps herd within it. (Cf. D1272.) Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 237.

D1447. D1447. Magic object protects against wild animals.

D1447.1. D1447.1. Charm protects against wild animals. (Cf. D1273.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 32, 388 n. 84.--Irish: Plummer clxxix, Cross.

D1447.2. D1447.2. Magic garment protects against wild animals. (Cf. D1052.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1447.2.1. D1447.2.1. Saint‘s cowl protects fox from hounds. (Cf. D1067.3.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1447.3. D1447.3. White ash stick held before snakes causes them to flee. U.S.: *Baughman.

D1449. D1449. Magic object gives miscellaneous powers over animals.

D1449.1. D1449.1. Charm makes cows give plenty of milk. (Cf. D1273.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 164, 483 n. 12.

D1449.2. D1449.2. Magic hunting collar insures death of game. (Cf. D1068.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1449.3. D1449.3. Swine summoned out of magic harp. (Cf. D1231.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1449.4. D1449.4. Charm prevents fish being caught. (Cf. D1273.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1449.4.1. D1449.4.1. Poet’s incantations drive away fish. (Cf. D1275.4.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1449.5. D1449.5. Magic sand causes crocodile to go ashore. (Cf. D935.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1450. D1450. Magic object furnishes treasure. Handwb. d. Abergl. II “Geldzauber”; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 106, 108.

D1451. D1451. Inexhaustible purse furnishes money. (Cf. D1192.) *Aarne MSFO XXV 116; *Types 564, 566, 580*; *BP I 470ff.; *Fb “pung” II 897b; *Chauvin VI 136 No. 286; *Loomis White Magic 87.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bourse”; English: (Romance) Sir Launfal (Ritson ed.) lines 320ff.; India: Thompson-Balys; Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 16, 177.

D1451.1. D1451.1. Inexhaustible pocket furnishes money. (Cf. D1064.) Chauvin VI 104 No. 270 n. 2.--India: *Thompson-Balys; German: Grimm No. 101.

D1451.2. D1451.2. Inexhaustible bag (sack) furnishes money. (Cf. D1193.) *Fb “pose” II 864a.

D1452. D1452. Magic vessel (box) furnishes money. (Cf. D1171.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1452.1. D1452.1. Magic kettle furnishes money. (Cf. D1171.3.) *Fb “gryde” I 494b.

D1452.2. D1452.2. Magic pot furnishes money. (Cf. D1171.1.) Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 151; Ibo (Nigeria): Thomas 119.

D1452.3. D1452.3. Lid of casket furnishes money. (Cf. D1174.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1452.4. D1452.4. Magic conch shell furnishes money. (Cf. D1029.6, D1470.1.41.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1452.5. D1452.5. Coin put in huge bell fills it with rupees. (Cf. D1288.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1454. D1454. Parts of human body furnish treasure.

D1454.1. D1454.1. Hair furnishes treasure. (Cf. D991.)

D1454.1.1. D1454.1.1. Gold and silver combed from hair. Fb “hеr” I 771b, “guld” I 512a.

D1454.1.1.1. D1454.1.1.1. The devil runs hands through his hair; coins fall to the floor. U.S.: *Baughman.

D1454.1.2. D1454.1.2. Jewels from hair. *Type 403; Kцhler-Bolte I 126; *Penzer VIII 59 n. 3; *BP I 100 n. 1; Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1454.2. D1454.2. Treasure falls from mouth. (Cf. D992.2, D1454.3.) *Type 403; *BP I 100 n. 1; Fb “spytte” III 515a.--Icelandic: Snorra Edda Skaldsk. XXXII and XXXVIII; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1454.2.1. D1454.2.1. Flowers fall from lips. *BP I 100 n. 1; Kцhler-Bolte I 126.--Malone PMLA XLIII 405; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1454.3. D1454.3. Treasure from spittle. (Cf. D1454.2, D1001.) *Penzer VIII 59 n. 3.--Irish: Plummer clxxviii, Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 329 n. 190.

D1454.4. D1454.4. Treasure from tears. (Cf. D1004.)

D1454.4.1. D1454.4.1. Tears of gold. Icelandic: Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1454.4.2. D1454.4.2. Jewels from tears. Malone PMLA XLIII 405.--Finnish: Kalevala rune 41; Irish myth: *Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys; Jewish: Neuman; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 329 n. 190b.

D1454.4.3. D1454.4.3. Flowers from tears. Hartland Science 238.

D1454.5. D1454.5. Treasure from excrements. (Cf. D1002.) India: Thompson-Balys; Hindu: Keith 145; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 329 n. 190a; Africa (Yoruba): Ellis 256 No. 4.

D1454.6. D1454.6. Treasure from scab. (Cf. D1009.1.) N. A. Indian (Tsimshian): Boas BBAE XXVII 190.

D1454.7. D1454.7. Treasure from footprints. (Cf. D1294.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1454.8. D1454.8. Treasure issues from girl‘s head. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1454.9. D1454.9. Treasure from nose (with sneezing). India: Thompson-Balys.

D1455. D1455. Magic clothing furnishes treasure.

D1455.1. D1455.1. Magic mantle provides treasure. (Cf. D1053.) *Type 566; *BP I 470; Aarne MSFO XXV 116.--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1456. D1456. Magic ornament provides treasure.

D1456.1. D1456.1. Magic beads produce treasure. (Cf. D1071.1.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “chapelet”.

D1456.2. D1456.2. Magic ring provides money. (Cf. D1076.) *Fb “ring” III 60b; India: *Thompson-Balys; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1456.2.1. D1456.2.1. Magic ring multiplies wealth. Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 66 (Draupnir); Snorra Edda Skaldsk. XXXIX (Andvari’s), *Boberg.

D1456.3. D1456.3. Magic jewel provides wealth. (Cf. D1071.) Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 328; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1457. D1457. Magic building provides treasure.

D1457.1. D1457.1. Magic castle (palace) provides treasure. (Cf. D1131, F771.) Hartland Science 174; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 56 No. 408*A.

D1461. D1461. Magic tree furnishes treasure. (Cf. D950.) *Type 511; *BP III 60ff.; *Penzer VIII 69 n. 1.--Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 56 No. 412; Indonesian: Dixon 238 n. 51, DeVries Volksverhalen Nos. 116, 174.

D1461.0.1. D1461.0.1. Tree with golden fruit. *Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Baum mit goldenen Frьchten”.

D1461.0.2. D1461.0.2. Tree with silver branches. (Cf. D950, F811.1.2.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1461.1. D1461.1. Magic fruit furnishes treasure. (Cf. D981.) Indonesian: DeVries‘s list No. 195.

D1463. D1463. Magic plant furnishes treasure. Africa (Bulu): Krug 120.

D1463.1. D1463.1. Magic mandrake furnishes treasure. (Cf. D965.1.) **Starck Der Alraun; *Taylor JAFL XXXI 561f.

D1463.2. D1463.2. Magic calabash furnishes treasure. (Cf. D965.2.) Africa (Yoruba): Ellis 246.

D1463.2.1. D1463.2.1. Magic pumpkin furnishes treasure. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 35, 37.

D1463.3. D1463.3. Magic seed produces golden gourd seed. Chinese: Graham, Eberhard FFC CXX 36f.

D1463.4. D1463.4. Magic tobacco plant hides treasure. (Cf. D965.17.) Chinese: Graham.

D1463.5. D1463.5. Treasure-giving magic flower (gold and silver). (Cf. D975.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1463.6. D1463.6. Magic grass furnishes treasure. (Cf. D965.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1465. D1465. Magic food furnishes treasure.

D1465.1. D1465.1. Magic bread furnishes treasure. (Cf. D1031.1.)

D1465.1.1. D1465.1.1. Consecrated bread brings wealth. (Cf. D1031.1.1.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 150, 469 n. 111.--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1466. D1466. Magic stone furnishes wealth. (Cf. D931.) Penzer III 161 n. 1, 162 n.--India: Thompson-Balys: Chinese: Werner 383; Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 47.

D1466.1. D1466.1. Magic stone turns everything to gold. (Cf. D1470.1.1., D931.) India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1467. D1467. Magic water furnishes treasure. Everything it touches turns to gold. (Cf. D1242.1.) Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 328.

D1467.1. D1467.1. Magic fountain produces gold. (Cf. D925.) French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10.

D1467.2. D1467.2. Rubies found in whirlpool in sea. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1469. D1469. Miscellaneous objects furnish treasure.

D1469.1. D1469.1. Magic flower pot bears plants with gold letters and leaves. (Cf. D965.) Chinese: Werner 299.

D1469.2. D1469.2. Magic doll furnishes treasure. Excreta of gold. (Cf. D1268.) Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1469.3. D1469.3. Shower of gems from magic anvil. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1469.4. D1469.4. Magic hail on lake causes treasure to spring from it. Cf. D902.3.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1469.5. D1469.5. Worshipped sex organ of horse provides money, etc. (Cf. D1029.4.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1469.6. D1469.6. Magic book furnishes wealth. (Cf. D1266.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1469.7. D1469.7. Wealth from drawing cow‘s feet over money box. (Cf. D1029.3.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1469.8. D1469.8. Treasure from magic stick. (Cf. D956, D1254.) Chinese: Graham.

D1469.9. D1469.9. Silver leaps into wine pitcher. (Cf. D1171.4.) Chinese: Graham.

D1469.10. D1469.10. Magic ashes produce jewelry. (Cf. D931.1.2.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1469.10.1. D1469.10.1. Ashes from burned snake-woman’s body will turn anything into gold. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1469.11. D1469.11. Magic sheepskin, shaken inside and outside shed, showers gold and silver. (Cf. D1225.8.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1469.12. D1469.12. Magic quilt: gold coins shake out of it. (Cf. D1167.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1469.13. D1469.13. Treasure falls from stone lion‘s mouth. (Cf. D1268.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1469.13.1. D1469.13.1. Statue of eagle gives wealth. Jewish: Neuman.

D1469.14. D1469.14. Magic tortoise shell produces pearls. (Cf. D1029.6.) Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 222.

D1469.15. D1469.15. Magic ship furnishes treasure. (Cf. D1123.) German: Grimm No. 125.

D1469.16. D1469.16. Clouds fetch previous stones. (Cf. D901.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1469.17. D1469.17. Charm makes treasure rain from sky. (Cf. D1273.) Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 920.

D1470. D1470. Magic object as provider.

D1470.1. D1470.1. Magic wishing-object. Object causes wishes to be fulfilled.--*Types 560, 561, 562, 563, 564, 565, 566, 567, 569; **Aarne MSFO XXV; *Cox Cinderella 484 n. 19; *Chauvin VI 136 No. 286.

D1472.2. D1472.2. Magic object causes food and drink to be furnished.

D1470.1.1. D1470.1.1. Magic wishing-stone. (Cf. D931.) Fb “шnske” III 1178b.--Irish myth: Cross; Italian: Basile IV No. 1; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1470.1.2. D1470.1.2. Magic wishing-tree. (Cf. D950.) *Cox Cinderella 477; Fb “trж” III 866a; India: *Thompson-Balys, Penzer I 144; BP I 165ff.

D1470.1.3. D1470.1.3. Magic wishing-laurel. (Cf. D965.9.) Cox Cinderella 484 n. 19.

D1470.1.4. D1470.1.4. Magic wishing-calabash. (Cf. D965.2.) Africa (Yoruba): Ellis 246.

D1470.1.5. D1470.1.5. Magic wishing-apple. (Cf. D981.1.) Fb “шnske” III 1178b.

D1470.1.6. D1470.1.6. Magic wishing-nut. (Cf. D985.) Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 53 No. 400B*.

D1470.1.7. D1470.1.7. Magic ass’s head fulfills wishes. (Cf. D1011.0.2.) Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 57 No. 425.

D1470.1.8. D1470.1.8. Magic wishing-eggs. (Cf. D1019.) Jamaica: *Beckwith MAFLS XVII 269 No. 81.

D1470.1.9. D1470.1.9. Magic wishing-cloth. (Cf. D1051.) German: Grimm No. 54; Icelandic: Boberg; Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 230; S. A. Indian (Yuracare): Mйtraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 503.

D1470.1.10. D1470.1.10. Magic wishing-smock. (Cf. D1052.) Fb “шnske” III 1178b.

D1470.1.11. D1470.1.11. Magic wishing-cloak (mantle). (Cf. D1053.) Cox Cinderella 485.

D1470.1.12. D1470.1.12. Magic wishing-belt. (Cf. D1057.) Fb “шnske” III 1178b.

D1470.1.13. D1470.1.13. Magic wishing-hat. (Cf. D1067.1.) Type 581*; Cox Cinderella 485; Irish myth: Cross.

D1470.1.14. D1470.1.14. Magic wishing-cap. (Cf. D1067.2.) Fb “шnske” III 1178b, “kappe” II 89a; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1470.1.15. D1470.1.15. Magic wishing-ring. (Cf. D1076.) *Type 560, 665; *Aarne MSFO XXV 43; *Fb “шnske” III 1178b, “ring” III 60b; Cox Cinderella 484f. n. 19.--Irish myth: Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Thonga): Junod 231.

D1470.1.16. D1470.1.16. Magic wishing-lamp. (Cf. D1162.1.) *Type 561; *Aarne MSFO XXV 3--82; BP II 544ff.--Missouri-French: Carriиre.

D1470.1.17. D1470.1.17. Magic wishing-lantern. (Cf. D1162.) Cox Cinderella 484 n. 19.

D1470.1.18. D1470.1.18. Magic wishing-cup. (Cf. D1171.6.) Fb “шnske” III 1178b.; India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 361.

D1470.1.19. D1470.1.19. Magic wishing-pot. (Cf. D1171.1.) Fb “potte” II 867a.

D1470.1.20. D1470.1.20. Magic wishing-box. (Cf. D1174.) Cox Cinderella 484 n. 19; Thompson CColl II 398 (Micmac, Maliseet).--Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 18, (Angola): Chatelain 29.

D1470.1.21. D1470.1.21. Magic wishing-saddle. (Cf. D1209.2.) Fb “шnske” III 1178b.

D1470.1.22. D1470.1.22. Magic wishing-drum. (Cf. D1211.) Indo-Chinese: Scott Indo-Chinese 283.--Africa (Benga): Nassau 113 No. 11.

D1470.1.23. D1470.1.23. Magic wishing-pipe. (Cf. D1224.) Fb “шnske” III 1178b; Cox Cinderella 484 n. 19.

D1470.1.24. D1470.1.24. Magic wishing-wand. (Cf. D1254.1.) *Cox Cinderella 484f. n. 19; Missouri French: Carriиre.

D1470.1.25. D1470.1.25. Magic wishing-rod. (Cf. D1254.2.) *MacCulloch Childhood 206.--India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 307.

D1470.1.26. D1470.1.26. Magic wishing-book. (Cf. D1266.) Fb “Cyprianus” I 167a.

D1470.1.27. D1470.1.27. Magic wishing-bag. (Cf. D1193, D1274.1.) India: *Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian (Ojibwa, Potawatomi): Skinner JAFL XXVII 98.

D1470.1.28. D1470.1.28. Magic coin fulfills wishes. (Cf. D1288.) N. A. Indian (Skaulitz): Hill-Tout JAI XXXIV 374.

D1470.1.29. D1470.1.29. Magic wishing-ball. (Cf. D1256.) Cox Cinderella 484 n. 19.

D1470.1.30. D1470.1.30. Magic wishing-bell. (Cf. D1213.) Cox Cinderella 484 n. 19.

D1470.1.31. D1470.1.31. Magic wishing-whip. (Cf. D1208.) Cox Cinderella 484 n. 19.

D1470.1.32. D1470.1.32. Magic wishing-horn. (Cf. D1222.) Cox Cinderella 484 n. 19.

D1470.1.33. D1470.1.33. Magic wishing-trumpet. (Cf. D1221.) Cox Cinderella 485.

D1470.1.34. D1470.1.34. Magic wishing-bow. (Cf. D1091.) Cox Cinderella 485.

D1470.1.35. D1470.1.35. Magic wishing-well. (Cf. D926.) Kittredge Witchcraft 34, 394 n. 114; Irish myth: Cross.

D1470.1.36. D1470.1.36. Magic wishing hair. (Cf. D991.) India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1470.1.37. D1470.1.37. Magic wishing ivory tusk. When struck on ground (only once) provides treasure. Africa (Bulu): Krug JAFL XXV 113 No. 9.

D1470.1.38. D1470.1.38. Magic wishing mirror. (Cf. D1163.) Africa (Quelimane): Torrend Zs. f. afrikan. u. ozean. Spr. I 247ff.

D1470.1.39. D1470.1.39. Magic wishing bracelet. (Cf. D1074.) Western Sudan: Tauxier Le Noir du Yatenga (Paris, 1917) 473 No. 74.

D1470.1.40. D1470.1.40. Magic wishing-powder. (Cf. D1251.) India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1470.1.41. D1470.1.41. Magic wishing conch shell. (Cf. D1029.6, D1452.4.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1470.1.42. D1470.1.42. Magic wishing-jewel. (Cf. D1071.) India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 289, II 422, 1355, 1369.

D1470.1.43. D1470.1.43. Magic wishing-boat. (Cf. D1121.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1470.1.44. D1470.1.44. Magic wishing-quilt. (Cf. D1167.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1470.1.45. D1470.1.45. Magic lake: whoever dies in it will have his desires fulfilled in future birth. (Cf. D921.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1470.1.46. D1470.1.46. Magic wishing-hammer. (Cf. D1209.4.) Japanese: Ikeda.

D1470.1.47. D1470.1.47. Magic iron measure for wishing. Korean: Zong in-Sob 27.

D1470.1.48. D1470.1.48. Magic rubber card for wishing. (Cf. D1267) Africa (Luba): DeClerq Zs. f. Kolonialsprachen IV 202.

D1470.1.49. D1470.1.49. Moon provides by magic. Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 47.

D1470.2. D1470.2. Provisions received from magic object.

D1470.2.1. D1470.2.1. Provisions received from magic tree. (Cf. D950.) Irish myth: *Cross; German: Grimm No. 123 (food and beds in tree); India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 217 (cattle emerge from tree when it is cut).

D1470.2.1.1. D1470.2.1.1. Leaves turn into fish to feed family. (Cf. D955.) Chinese: Graham.

D1470.2.2. D1470.2.2. Supplies received from magic box. (Cf. D1174.) India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 185.

D1470.2.3. D1470.2.3. Horn of plenty (cornucopia.) (Cf. D1011.1, B115, D1475.1.) Cox Cinderella 473; Greek: Grote I 137; Icelandic: Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys; *Cosquin Contes indiens 517. See also references to B115 and D1475.1.

D1470.2.4. D1470.2.4. Supplies from toe of old woman. (Cf. D995.1.) Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 56 No. 9.

D1470.2.5. D1470.2.5. Supplies from magic table. (Cf. D1153.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1470.2.6. D1470.2.6. Supplies from bull‘s belly. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1470.2.7. D1470.2.7. Supplies from bull’s dung. (Cf. D1026.2.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1470.2.8. D1470.2.8. Supplies from magic ashes. (Cf. D931.1.2.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1470.2.9. D1470.2.9. Supplies from magic skin worn by man. (Cf. D1024.) S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 93.

D1472. D1472. Food and drink from magic object. India: *Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 335 n. 210; Jamaica: *Beckwith MAFLS XVII 248 No. 25.

D1472.1. D1472.1. Food or drink received directly from magic object. Cox Cinderella 473; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 106ff.

D1472.1.1. D1472.1.1. Fountain miraculously supports life. (Cf. D925.) Irish: Plummer cl, *Cross.

D1472.1.2. D1472.1.2. Stone provides food. (Cf. D931.) Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1472.1.2.1. D1472.1.2.1. Man strikes stone: wine flows. (Cf. D1472.1.23, D1567.6.) Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 309 No. 9.

D1472.1.2.2. D1472.1.2.2. Rock produces wine. Herder sees resemblance of stone to wine cask. He strikes it and wine flows. (Cf. D931, D1472.1.2.) Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 327 No. 21.

D1472.1.2.3. D1472.1.2.3. Magic pebble provides food. (Cf. D930.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1472.1.2.4. D1472.1.2.4. Magic rock supplies water. (Cf. D930.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1472.1.3. D1472.1.3. Magic tree supplies food. German: Grimm No. 82; Jewish: Neuman; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 555; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 287.

D1472.1.3.1. D1472.1.3.1. Magic lime tree distills sustenance for saint. (Cf. D950.7.) Irish: Plummer cliii, Cross.

D1472.1.3.2. D1472.1.3.2. Food-providing leaf. (Cf. D955.) Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 491.

D1472.1.4. D1472.1.4. Vegetable supporting life without other food. (Cf. D1034.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1472.1.5. D1472.1.5. Magic palace supplies food and drink. (Cf. D1132.) Irish: Beal XXI 311; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 56 No. 408*A.

D1472.1.6. D1472.1.6. Magic kitchen supplies food and drink. (Cf. D1141.1.) Hindu: Tawney II 226.

D1472.1.7. D1472.1.7. Magic table supplies food and drink. (Cf. D1153.) *Types 563, 564, 569; BP I 349ff., 464ff.; **Aarne JSFO XXVII 1--96; *Chauvin V 259, 272 No. 154.--Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 297 No. 28; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1472.1.8. D1472.1.8. Magic table-cloth supplies food and drink. (Cf. D1153.1.) *Type 569; Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “serviette”; Missouri French: Carriиre; Italian: Basile I No. 1.

D1472.1.9. D1472.1.9. Magic pot supplies food and drink. (Cf. D1171.1.) *Types 565; BP II 438; *Fb “potte” II 867a.--India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 106; Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 40f. No. 4.

D1472.1.10. D1472.1.10. Magic coffee-pot supplies drink. (Cf. D1171.1.1.) Fb “tшnde” III 934b.

D1472.1.11. D1472.1.11. Magic cauldron supplies food. (Cf. D1171.2.) Brown MPh XIV 585; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1472.1.11.1. D1472.1.11.1. Magic kettle (cauldron) turns stones to excellent food. Irish myth: Cross.

D1472.1.12. D1472.1.12. Magic kettle supplies food. (Cf. D1171.3.) *Fb “gryde” I 494; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.

D1472.1.12.1. D1472.1.12.1. Food-providing frying pan. (Cf. D1171.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1472.1.13. D1472.1.13. Magic pitcher supplies drink. (Cf. D1171.4.) Penzer V 3 n. 1; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1472.1.14. D1472.1.14. Magic cup supplies drink. (Cf. D1171.6.) Fb “tшnde” III 934b.--Irish myth: *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 202f. (gives any taste drinker desires); India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.

D1472.1.14.1. D1472.1.14.1. Magic food-providing cup. (Cf. D1171.6.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1472.1.15. D1472.1.15. Magic tankard supplies drink. (Cf. D1171.6.1.) Chinese: Werner 382.

D1472.1.16. D1472.1.16. Magic glass supplies drink. (Cf. D1171.6.2.) Fb “tшnde” III 934b.

D1472.1.17. D1472.1.17. Magic bottle supplies drink. (Cf. D1171.8.) *Fb “flaske” I 309; Hartland Science 142; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1472.1.18. D1472.1.18. Magic barrel supplies drink. (Cf. D1171.9.) Fb “tшnde” III 934b.--Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 297 No. 6; U.S.: Baughman.

D1472.1.19. D1472.1.19. Magic food-basket (vessel) supplies food. (Cf. D1171.11.) Irish myth: *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 192.

D1472.1.20. D1472.1.20. Magic plate supplies food. (Cf. D1172.1.) Fb “tшnde” III 934b; India: *Thompson-Balys

D1472.1.21. D1472.1.21. Magic chest supplies food. (Cf. D1174.) Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 160; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1472.1.22. D1472.1.22. Magic bag (sack) supplies food. (Cf. D1193.) *Types 563, 564; *Aarne JSFO XXVII 1--96 passim; BP I 349ff.; *Chauvin V 259, 272 No. 154; *Kittredge Witchcraft 165, 483 nn. 14--16.--India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 106; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 368, III 247, Rink 401.

D1472.1.22.1. D1472.1.22.1. Man compels food to enter magic sack. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC Type 330.

D1472.1.22.2. D1472.1.22.2. Saint‘s inexhaustible sack of wheat. Irish myth: Cross.

D1472.1.23. D1472.1.23. Magic basket supplies food. (Cf. D1171.11.) Tonga: Gifford 113.

D1472.1.24. D1472.1.24. Part of animal’s body supplies food or drink.

D1472.1.24.1. D1472.1.24.1. Magic drinking horn supplies drink. (Cf. D1171.6.3.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1472.1.24.2. D1472.1.24.2. Jawbone of ass supplies water. (Cf. D1013.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1472.1.24.3. D1472.1.24.3. Food and drink from elk‘s ears. (Cf. D1011.2.) Klikitat: Jacobs CU XIX 3.

D1472.1.24.4. D1472.1.24.4. Body of tortoise provides food. (Cf. D1010.) Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 106.

D1472.1.25. D1472.1.25. Magic urn supplies drink. (Cf. D1171.15.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1472.1.26. D1472.1.26. Magic egg supplies food. (Cf. D1024.) Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 105.

D1472.1.27. D1472.1.27. Magic well supplies food. (Cf. D926.) Irish myth: Cross; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 106.

D1472.1.28. D1472.1.28. Magic stump supplies drink. (Cf. D950.) England, U.S.: Baughman.

D1472.1.29. D1472.1.29. Magic sheepskin supplies food. (Cf. D1025.8.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1472.1.30. D1472.1.30. Magic ashes produce food. (Cf. D931.1.2.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1472.1.31. D1472.1.31. Magic food-providing sticks. (Cf. D1094.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1472.1.32. D1472.1.32. Magic fiddle provides food. (Cf. D1233.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1472.1.33. D1472.1.33. Magic bowl furnishes food. (Cf. D1172.2.) India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 1025, 1055.

D1472.1.34. D1472.1.34. Part of human body furnishes food.

D1472.1.34.1. D1472.1.34.1. Magic finger provides food. (Cf. D996.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1472.1.34.2. D1472.1.34.2. Stream flows from man’s head. (Cf. D992.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1472.1.35. D1472.1.35. Water flows from axe. (Cf. D1206.) Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 91.

D1472.1.36. D1472.1.36. Magic apple satisfies hunger. (Cf. D981.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1472.2. D1472.2. Magic object causes food and drink to be furnished. (Cf. D1470.1.) Chinese: Graham.

D1472.2.1. D1472.2.1. Magic wishing-girdle supplies food. (Cf. D1057.1.) English: Wells 85 (The Sowdone of Babylone).

D1472.2.2. D1472.2.2. Magic wishing-drum supplies food. (Cf. D1211.) Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 90 No. 16; (Ekoi): Talbot 47.

D1472.2.3. D1472.2.3. Magic wishing-pipe supplies game. (Cf. D1224.) Central Algonquin: Skinner JAFL XXVII 98.

D1472.2.4. D1472.2.4. Charm prepares feast. (Cf. D1273.) India: Thompson-Balys; Jewish: Neuman; Marquesas: Handy 114; Africa (Fjort): Dennett 60 No. 9.

D1472.2.5. D1472.2.5. Magic song produces food. (Cf. D1275.) Chinese: Graham.--N. A. Indian: *Boas RBAE XXXI 696, 712, 943 (Kwakiutl, Nootka, Comox, Tsimshian, Nass, Haida, Bella Coola, Chilcotin, Quinault, Lkuсgen, Squamish).

D1472.2.6. D1472.2.6. Magic pumpkin yields year‘s supply of rice. (Cf. D981.11.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1472.2.7. D1472.2.7. Magic calabash causes food to be furnished. (Cf. D965.2.) Korean: Zong in-Sob 228; Africa (Lamba): Doke MAFLS XX 32 No. 15, (Yoruba): Frobenius Atlantis X 310ff. No. 53, (Bassari): ibid. XI 100ff. No. 13, (Tim): ibid. XI 233 No. 46.

D1472.2.8. D1472.2.8. Magic musical pipe causes food to fall from sky. (Cf. D1031.1.1, D1224.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1472.2.9. D1472.2.9. Magic mallet produces provisions. (Cf. D1209.4.) Korean: Zong in-Sob 144.

D1472.2.10. D1472.2.10. Magic rod provides water. (Cf. D1254.2.) Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 109.

D1472.2.11. D1472.2.11. Magic knife stuck in tree causes wine to flow. (Cf. D1173.) Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 293 No. 1.

D1473. D1473. Magic object furnishes clothes. (Cf. D1470.)

D1473.1. D1473.1. Magic wand furnishes clothes. (Cf. D1254.1.) *Type 510; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 145.

D1473.2. D1473.2. Rubbing charm provides garments. (Cf. D1273.) Africa (Loango): Pechuлl-Loesche 109.

D1475. D1475. Magic object furnishes soldiers.

D1475.1. D1475.1. Magic soldier-producing horn. (Cf. D1222, D1470.2.3.) *Aarne MSFO XXV 117; *Types 566, 569; *BP I 470ff.

D1475.2. D1475.2. Magic soldier-producing trumpet. (Cf. D1221.) *Aarne MSFO XXV 117.

D1475.3. D1475.3. Magic soldier-producing pipe. (Cf. D1224.) *Aarne MSFO XXV 117.

D1475.4. D1475.4. Magic soldier-producing hat. (Cf. D1067.1.) *Fb “hat” I 563b.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “chapeau”.

D1475.5. D1475.5. Magic hair produces soldiers. (Cf. D991.) India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Tosa): Equilbecq III 291ff.

D1475.6. D1475.6. Magic soldier-producing calabash. (Cf. D965.2, D1470.1.4.) Africa (Wolof): Equilbecq III 19ff.

D1475.7. D1475.7. Magic soldier-producing egg. (Cf. D1470.1.8.) Africa (Hausa): Equilbecq III 291ff.

D1476. D1476. Magic object furnishes slaves (subjects). (Cf. D1025.8.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1476.1. D1476.1. Magic calabash furnishes slaves. (Cf. D965.2.) Africa (Yoruba): Frobenius Atlantis X 232f. No. 16.

D1476.2. D1476.2. Magic egg furnishes slaves (subjects for chief or king, etc.). (Cf. D1470.1.8.) Africa (Mossi): Frobenius Atlantis VIII 274ff. No. 120, (Hausa): Equilbecq III 291ff.

D1476.3. D1476.3. Magic basket (box) furnishes slaves. (Cf. D1171.11.) Africa (Hausa): Tremearne Hausa Superstitions (London, 1913) 424ff. No. 93.

D1477. D1477. Magic object furnishes livestock (oxen, horses, etc.).

D1477.1. D1477.1. Magic calabash furnishes livestock. (Cf. D965.2.) Africa (Wolof): Equilbecq III 19ff.

D1477.2. D1477.2. Magic ring furnishes livestock. (Cf. D1076.) Africa (Bambara): Travйlй 205ff. No. 66.

D1477.3. D1477.3. Magic egg furnishes livestock. (Cf. D1470.1.8.) Africa (Mossi): Frobenius Atlantis VIII 274ff. No. 120, (Hausa): Equilbecq III 291ff.

D1477.4. D1477.4. Magic basket (box) furnishes livestock. (Cf. D1171.11.) Africa (Hausa): Tremearne Hausa Superstitions (London, 1913) 424ff. No.93.

D1478. D1478. Magic object provides light. (Cf. D1162.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1478.1. D1478.1. Saint’s hand illumines darkness. (Cf. D996.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1478.2. D1478.2. magic light illuminates bottom of lake. Irish myth: Cross.

D1481. D1481. Magic object furnishes warmth. Chinese: Graham.

D1481.1. D1481.1. Magic chicken wing keeps one warm in cold weather. (Cf. D1022.) Chinese: Graham.

D1481.2. D1481.2. Magic object provides fire. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 108.

D1482. D1482. Magic object produces oil.

D1482.1. D1482.1. Oil comes out of sacred white stone. (Cf. D931.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1482.2. D1482.2. Magic pumpkin holds streams of oil. (Cf. D981.11.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1483. D1483. Magic object produces building.

D1483.1. D1483.1. Palace arises from bull‘s legs buried in soil. (Cf. D1012.1, D1132.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1483.2. D1483.2. Magic bag builds palaces of gold and gems. (Cf. D1193.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1483.3. D1483.3. Magic stick: when planted in ground, palace rises. (Cf. D956.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1484. D1484. Magic object makes road.

D1484.1. D1484.1. Magic shuttle makes road. (Cf. D1185.) *Type 585; BP III 355.

D1484.2. D1484.2. Reading from magic book causes road to appear. (Cf. D1266.) Chinese: Graham.

D1485. D1485. Magic object makes carpet.

D1485.1. D1485.1. Magic shuttle makes carpet. (Cf. D1185.) *Type 585; BP III 355.

D1486. D1486. Magic object makes rivers and lakes.

D1486.1. D1486.1. Magic stone makes rivers and lakes. (Cf. D931.) Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 366.

D1487. D1487. Magic object makes plants grow.

D1487.1. D1487.1. Magic ring makes seaweeds grow. (Cf. D1076.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bague”.

D1487.2. D1487.2. Consecrated bread makes vegetables grow. (Cf. D1031.1.) Kittredge Witchcraft 149, 469 n. 109.

D1487.3. D1487.3. Magic spell makes tree grow. (Cf. D1273.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1488. D1488. Magic object provides wood. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 108.

D1500. D1500. Magic object controls disease. Irish myth: Cross.

D1500.0.1. D1500.0.1. Magic book controls disease. (Cf. D1266.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1500.1. D1500.1. Magic object heals diseases. **Seligmann; *De Cock Volksgeneeskunde; Brown Iwain 44; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1500.1.1. D1500.1.1. Magic healing fountain. (Cf. D925, V134.) Irish: Plummer cl, *Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “fontaine”; Jewish: Neuman.

D1500.1.1.1. D1500.1.1.1. Magic (healing) well dug by saint. (Cf. V220.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1500.1.1.2. D1500.1.1.2. The water of spring which a saint caused to flow has curative powers. *Loomis White Magic 104.

D1500.1.2. D1500.1.2. Sacred healing stone. (Cf. D931.) Irish: Plummer clvii, *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman.

D1500.1.2.1. D1500.1.2.1. Magic healing coal. (Cf. D931.1.) Seligmann 131, *133.

D1500.1.2.2. D1500.1.2.2. Magic healing ashes. (Cf. D1271.1.) Seligmann 134, *137.--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1500.1.2.3. D1500.1.2.3. Magic healing soot. (Cf. D931.1.1.) Seligmann 137, *138.

D1500.1.2.4. D1500.1.2.4. Magic healing lime. (Cf. D931.1.4.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1500.1.3. D1500.1.3. Magic tree heals. (Cf. D950.)

D1500.1.3.1. D1500.1.3.1. Magic healing hazel tree. (Cf. D950.1.)--BP III 477; Irish: Plummer cliii, Cross.

D1500.1.4. D1500.1.4. Magic healing plant. (Cf. D965.) *Fb “blad” IV 44a; Type 612; Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “herbe”; Icelandic: *Boberg; Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1500.1.4.1. D1500.1.4.1. Magic healing grass. Chinese: Graham.

D1500.1.4.2. D1500.1.4.2. Magic healing leaves. (Cf. D955.) Tonga: Gifford 28.

D1500.1.4.3. D1500.1.4.3. Magic healing herb. (Cf. D965.) Korean: Zong in-Sob 220.

D1500.1.5. D1500.1.5. Magic healing fruit. (Cf. D980.)

D1500.1.5.1. D1500.1.5.1. Magic healing apple. (Cf. D981.1, H1333.3.1.5.) *Chauvin VI 133 No. 286; Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Apfel” n. 2; Irish myth: *Cross; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 253 No. 196.

D1500.1.6. D1500.1.6. Ghoulish magic object cures disease. (Cf. D1278.)

D1500.1.6.1. D1500.1.6.1. Corpse’s hand as remedy. (Cf. D996.) Kittredge Witchcraft 142, 459f. nn. 8, 9; England: Baughman.

D1500.1.6.2. D1500.1.6.2. Churchyard mould as remedy. (Cf. D1278.1.) Seligmann 148; *Fb “grav” IV 184a; Irish myth: *Cross (D1500.1.28.1).

D1500. D1500. Consecrated clay as remedy. (Cf. D935.2.) Irish myth: *Cross (D1500.1.28.2).

D1500.1.7. D1500.1.7. Parts or products of human body cure disease.

D1500.1.7.1. D1500.1.7.1. Powdered skull as remedy. (Cf. D992.) Kittredge Witchcraft 142, 460 nn. 14, 15; England: Baughman.

D1500. D1500. Magic head (of saint) heals diseases. (Cf. D992, D1500.1.13.) Irish myth: Cross (D1500.1.6.1).

D1500.1.7.2. D1500.1.7.2. Magic healing spittle. (Cf. D1001, D1505.2.) *Fb “spytte” III 514b, 515a; Irish: Plummer clxxvii, *Cross (D1500.1.8); Jewish: Neuman.

D1500. D1500. Healing power of saint‘s spittle. *Loomis White Magic 103f.

D1500.1.7.3. D1500.1.7.3. Magic healing blood. (Cf. D1003.) *Fb “blod” IV 46b; Penzer I 98; *Kittredge Witchcraft 31, 386 n. 67; Irish myth: *Cross (D1500.1.9); Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1500. D1500. Blood of executed man as remedy. *Fb “blod” IV 47a.

D1500. D1500. Blood of saint as cure. Irish: Plummer clxxxi, *Cross (D1500.1.9.2); *Loomis White Magic 104; Icelandic: Boberg (D1500.1.9.2).

D1500. D1500. Dragon’s heart-blood as remedy. (Cf. B11.2.9, D1015.1.2, D1016) *Type 305*.

D1500. D1500. Bath in blood of king as remedy. Irish myth: *Cross (D1500.1.9.4).

D1500.1.8. D1500.1.8. Magic amulet cures disease. (Cf. D1070.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1500.1.9. D1500.1.9. Magic jewel cures disease. (Cf. D1071.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1500.1.9.1. D1500.1.9.1. Magic sapphire cures disease. Jewish: Neuman.

D1500.1.9.2. D1500.1.9.2. Magic pearls cure disease. Africa (Dahome): Einstein 31.

D1500.1.10. D1500.1.10. Sacred objects cure disease. (Cf. V150.)

D1500.1.10.1. D1500.1.10.1. Consecrated bread as cure. (Cf. D1031.1.1.) Kittredge Witchcraft 149, 469 nn. 110, 112; *Loomis White Magic 105; Irish myth: Cross.

D1500.1.10.2. D1500.1.10.2. Consecrated wine as magic cure. (Cf. D1046.1.) Kittredge Witchcraft 148, 469 nn. 97--101.

D1500. D1500. Wine blessed by saint or received from the saint’s hand cures various ills. *Loomis White Magic 104.

D1500.1.10.3. D1500.1.10.3. Money from offertory as cure. (Cf. D1288.) Kittredge Witchcraft 151, 470f, n. 126; England: Baughman.

D1500.1.10.4. D1500.1.10.4. Consecrated grain as remedy. (Cf. D973.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1500.1.10.5. D1500.1.10.5. Consecrated ale as magic cure. (Cf. D1045.1.) Irish myth: Cross (D1500.1.34).

D1500.1.10.6. D1500.1.10.6. Lime used in building church as cure. (Cf. D931.1.4.) Irish myth: Cross (D1500.1.35).

D1500.1.11. D1500.1.11. Magic healing drink. (Cf. D1040, D1242.) Icelandic: *Boberg; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1500.1.12. D1500.1.12. Magic statue cures disease. (Cf. D1268.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1500.1.12.1. D1500.1.12.1. Magic statue of brazen serpent cures disease. Jewish: Neuman.

D1500.1.13. D1500.1.13. Saint‘s possessions cure disease. (Cf. V221.)

D1500.1.13.1. D1500.1.13.1. Saint’s girdle as magic cure. (Cf. D1057.1.) Loomis White Magic 105; Irish: Plummer clxxxi, *Cross. Cf. Dh II 26f.

D1500.1.13.2. D1500.1.13.2. Saint‘s cowl as magic cure. (Cf. D1067.3.1.) Irish: Plummer clxxxi, Cross.

D1500.1.13.3. D1500.1.13.3. Saint’s bell cures disease. (Cf. D1213.) Irish: Plummer clxxvi, Cross.

D1500.1.13.4. D1500.1.13.4. Saint‘s bachall as remedy. (Cf. D1277.) *Loomis White Magic 105; Irish: Plummer clxxv, Cross.

D1500.1.14. D1500.1.14. Saint’s mallet cures disease. (Cf. D1209.4.) Korean: Zong in-Sob 145.

D1500.1.15. D1500.1.15. Magic healing ring. (Cf. D1076.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 151, 470f. nn. 126--129; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1500.1.15.1. D1500.1.15.1. Consecrated healing ring. Kittredge Witchcraft 151, 471 n. 134; England: Baughman.

D1500.1.15.2. D1500.1.15.2. Ring made of coffin-hinge as remedy. Kittredge Witchcraft 142, 461 n. 33; England: Baughman.

D1500.1.16. D1500.1.16. Magic healing bottle. (Cf. D1171.8.) Chinese: Werner 202.

D1500.1.17. D1500.1.17. Magic weapon cures disease. (Cf. D1080.)

D1500.1.17.1. D1500.1.17.1. Magic sword cures disease. (Cf. D1081.) Greek: Grote I 268.

D1500.1.18. D1500.1.18. Magic healing water. (Cf. D1242.1.) *Type 590; Seligmann 13ff., *106; Fb “vand” III 1001b, “livets vand” II 439b; MacCulloch Childhood 67f.--Irish myth: *Cross; Babylonian: Spence 178; Jewish: Neuman; Arabian: Burton Nights S VI 213; India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 23; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 354 nn. 279, 279a.

D1500.1.18.1. D1500.1.18.1. Dew from saint‘s grave as cure. (Cf. D1500.1.10.) Irish: Plummer clxxx, Cross.

D1500. D1500. Water which had contact with the tombs of holy men proved curative. *Loomis White Magic. 104.

D1500. D1500. Water from saint’s washing as remedy. Loomis White Magic 104; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1500.1.18.2. D1500.1.18.2. Baptismal water as remedy. (Cf. D1242.1.1.) Kittredge Witchcraft 150f., 470 nn. 117--122; England: Baughman.

D1500.1.18.3. D1500.1.18.3. Holy water as remedy. (Cf. D1242.1.2.) Kittredge Witchcraft 124ff., 449f. nn. 1--33 passim; *Loomis White Magic 104; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; England, U.S.: Baughman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1500.1.18.4. D1500.1.18.4. Magic healing lake. (Cf. D921.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1500.1.18.5. D1500.1.18.5. Water from bullaun (hollowed-out stone) as remedy. (Cf. D931.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1500.1.18.6. D1500.1.18.6. Magic healing river. (Cf. D915.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1500.1.19. D1500.1.19. Magic healing salve. (Cf. D1244.) Type 611; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1500.1.19.1. D1500.1.19.1. Magic healing salve restores severed feet. (Cf. D1240.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1500.1.19.2. D1500.1.19.2. Magic healing oil from saints (sacred places). (Cf. D1500.1.10.) Loomis White Magic 79, 104, 115.

D1500.1.20. D1500.1.20. Magic healing powder. (Cf. D1246.) Chinese: Werner 375.

D1500.1.21. D1500.1.21. Magic healing wand. (Cf. D1254.1.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “baguette”.

D1500.1.22. D1500.1.22. Magic healing book. (Cf. D1266.) Type 611; Kittredge Witchcraft 146, 465 nn. 68--73 passim.

D1500.1.23. D1500.1.23. Magic healing charm (spell). (Cf. D1273.) Kittredge Witchcraft 31f., 387f. nn. 75; Icelandic: *Boberg; Irish myth: *Cross; England, Wales, U.S.: *Baughman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1500.1.24. D1500.1.24. Magic healing song. (Cf. D1275.) Fb. “kanariefugl” II 85; H. C. Andersen “Nattergalen”.--Icelandic: Boberg.

D1500.1.25. D1500.1.25. Magic garment as remedy. (Cf. D1052.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1500.1.26. D1500.1.26. Fragments of gibbet as cure. (Cf. D1278.) Kittredge Witchcraft 142, 461 nn. 25, 26.

D1500.1.27. D1500.1.27. Magic musical instrument as cure for disease. (Cf. D1210.)

D1500.1.27.1. D1500.1.27.1. Magic healing harp. (Cf. D1231.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1500.1.27.2. D1500.1.27.2. Magic healing bell. (Cf. D1213.) Irish myth: *Cross (D1500.1.32).

D1500.1.28. D1500.1.28. Earth as remedy. (Cf. D935, D1503.12.) Seligmann 144ff., *154; England: Baughman.

D1500.1.29. D1500.1.29. Magic healing honey. (Cf. D1037.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1500.1.30. D1500.1.30. Magic healing banquet. (Cf. D1030.2.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1500.1.31. D1500.1.31. Gold used in medicine. Irish myth: Cross.

D1500.1.32. D1500.1.32. Magic comb as cure. (Cf. D1072.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1500.1.33. D1500.1.33. Parts or products of animal cure disease.

D1500.1.33.1. D1500.1.33.1. Magic healing milk. (Cf. D1018.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1500. D1500. Cures by the milk of the mothers of saints. (Cf. D1500.1.10.) *Loomis White Magic 104.

D1500. D1500. Magic healing milk of lioness. (Cf. D1018.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1500.1.33.2. D1500.1.33.2. Flesh of white cow with red ears as only cure for mysterious illness. (Cf. D1032.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1500.1.33.3. D1500.1.33.3. Magic animal dung. (Cf. D1026.)

D1500. D1500. Magic bird dung cures. (Cf. D1026.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1500.1.33.4. D1500.1.33.4. Hide of sheep or goat as cure. (Cf. D1025.8.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1500.1.33.5. D1500.1.33.5. Fish head cures disease. (Cf. D1011.) Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 42.

D1500.1.34. D1500.1.34. Magic writings heal. (Cf. D1266.1.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1500.1.35. D1500.1.35. Magic healing handkerchief. (Cf. D1056.1.) S. A. Indian (Chiriguano): Mйtraux RMLP XXXIII 182.

D1500.1.36. D1500.1.36. Sweat used in medicine. Irish myth: Cross.

D1500.1.37. D1500.1.37. Urine used in medicine. (Cf. D1002.1.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1500.1.38. D1500.1.38. M. healing mountain. (Cf. D932.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1500.2. D1500.2. Magic object wards off disease. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1500.2.1. D1500.2.1. Saint‘s bell wards off disease. (Cf. D1213, V221.) Irish: Plummer clxxvi, Cross.

D1500.2.2. D1500.2.2. Charm against sickness. (Cf. D1273.) Kittredge Witchcraft 40, *396 n. 145, 146; England: Baughman.

D1500.2.3. D1500.2.3. Magic picture prevents disease. (Cf. D1266.2, D1586.1.) Alphabet No. 471; Chinese: Werner 139.

D1500.2.4. D1500.2.4. Magic circle prevents disease. (Cf. D1272.) Fb “kreds” II 293.

D1500.2.5. D1500.2.5. Eating magic pig prevents disease. (Cf. B184.3.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1500.2.6. D1500.2.6. Magic girdle prevents disease. (Cf. D1057.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1500.2.7. D1500.2.7. Magic tree bears prophylactic fruit. (Cf. D950.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1500.2.8. D1500.2.8. Snake liver prevents disease. (Cf. D1015.4.) Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 32.

D1500.3. D1500.3. Magic object transfers disease to another person or thing. Kristensen Danske Sagn VI (1891) 345ff., (1936) 299ff., Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1500.3.1. D1500.3.1. Charm shifts diseases to another person. (Cf. D1273.) Kittredge Witchcraft 32, 388 n. 86.

D1500.3.1.1. D1500.3.1.1. Saint causes pain of sick man to be transferred to himself. *Loomis White Magic 106.

D1500.3.2. D1500.3.2. Disease transferred to saint’s bell. (Cf. D1213.) Irish: Plummer clxxvi, *Cross.

D1500.4. D1500.4. Magic object causes disease. Chinese: Werner 245.

D1500.4.1. D1500.4.1. Magic drink causes disease. (Cf. D1242.2.) Icelandic: *Boberg; Japanese: Ikeda.

D1500.4.2. D1500.4.2. Magic breath causes disease. (Cf. D1005.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1500.4.2.1. D1500.4.2.1. Saint’s breath makes men drunk. *Loomis White Magic 46.

D1500.4.2.2. D1500.4.2.2. Saint‘s breath causes death. (Cf. D1005.) *Loomis White Magic 46f.

D1500.4.3. D1500.4.3. Magic pond causes disease. (Cf. D921.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1500.4.3.1. D1500.4.3.1. Magic tank causes disease. (Cf. D921.4.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1500.4.4. D1500.4.4. Ray of sunlight causes leprosy. (Cf. D1162.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1500.4.5. D1500.4.5. Gloves thrown after ship cause disease. (Cf. D1066.) Icelandic: Flateyjarbуk 144-45.

D1500.4.6. D1500.4.6. Ashes cause leprosy. (Cf. D931.1.2.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1500.4.7. D1500.4.7. Magic bed causes disease. (Cf. D1154.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1501. D1501. Magic object assists woman in childbearing. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1501.1. D1501.1. Charms prevent barrenness or miscarriage. (Cf. D1273.) Kittredge Witchcraft 32, 388 n. 89; Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1501.1.1. D1501.1.1. Mistletoe used by druids to prevent barrenness. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1501.2. D1501.2. Charms make childbirth easy. (Cf. D1273.) Kittredge Witchcraft 32, 388 n. 88; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 296, *Boberg.

D1501.3. D1501.3. Magic plant makes childbirth easy. (Cf. D965.) Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 331.

D1501.4. D1501.4. Magic fruit from Yggdrasil placed in fire makes childbirth easy. (Cf. D981.) Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 331, Boberg (D1501.2).

D1501.5. D1501.5. Magic belt assists in childbirth. (Cf. D1057.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1501.6. D1501.6. Amulet assists in childbearing. (Cf. D1070.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1501.7. D1501.7. Leaves assist in childbearing. (Cf. D955.) Marquesas: Handy 58.

D1501.8. D1501.8. Medicine causes woman to bear twins. (Cf. D1241.) Africa (Fang): Tessman 90.

D1502. D1502. Magic object cures particular diseases. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1502.1. D1502.1. Magic object cures headache.

D1502.1.1. D1502.1.1. Charm for headache. (Cf. D1273.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1502.2. D1502.2. Magic object cures toothache. England: Baughman.

D1502.2.1. D1502.2.1. Dead man’s tooth as cure for toothache. (Cf. D1009.2.1.) Kittredge Witchcraft 142, 460 nn. *11, 13.

D1502.2.2. D1502.2.2. Charm for toothache. (Cf. D1273.) Kittredge Witchcraft 33, 389 n. *105.--England: Baughman.

D1502.2.3. D1502.2.3. Magic object cures scrofula.

D1502.2.3.1. D1502.2.3.1. Hangman‘s noose cures scrofula. (Cf. D1278.) Kittredge Witchcraft 461 n. 22; England: Baughman.

D1502.3. D1502.3. Magic object cures fever. (Cf. D2161.1.2.)

D1502.3.1. D1502.3.1. Charm for fever. (Cf. D1273.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 392 n. 105.--Jewish: Neuman; Hindu: Tawney II 165.

D1502.4. D1502.4. Magic object cures leprosy.

D1502.4.1. D1502.4.1. Magic potion cures leprosy. (Cf. D1242.2.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1502.4.2. D1502.4.2. Blood as cure for leprosy. (Cf. D1003.) *Chauvin VIII 195 No. 235 n. 1; Herbert Catalogue of Romances III 202; Jewish: Neuman.

D1502.4.2.1. D1502.4.2.1. Blood of children (innocent maidens) as cure for leprosy. Child I 47, 50 n., IV 441b, V 285; Penzer I 98 n.; Alphabet No. 713.

D1502.4.3. D1502.4.3. Touching magic boat with exposed child in it cures leprosy. (Cf. D1121.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1502.5. D1502.5. Magic object cures mange. Irish myth: Cross.

D1502.5.1. D1502.5.1. Bath in blood of king as cure for mange. (Cf. D1500.1.9.4, F872.3.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1502.6. D1502.6. Magic object cures urinary disease.

D1502.6.1. D1502.6.1. Charm for urinary disease. (Cf. D1273.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1502.7. D1502.7. Magic object cures earache.

D1502.7.1. D1502.7.1. Magic locust egg cures earache. (Cf. D1024.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1502.8. D1502.8. Magic object cures boils (tumors).

D1502.8.1. D1502.8.1. Magic-dog brain cures boils. (Cf. D1010.) Jijena Sanchez 136.

D1502.8.2. D1502.8.2. Magic snail body cures boils. (Cf. D1010.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1502.8.3. D1502.8.3. Magic figs cure boils. (Cf. D1031.2.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1502.9. D1502.9. Viper body cures skin disease. (Cf. D1010.1) Jewish: Neuman.

D1502.10. D1502.10. Magic cure for cancer.

D1502.10.1. D1502.10.1. Magic excrement as cure for cancer. (Cf. D1002.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1502.11. D1502.11. Magic water cures stomach trouble. (Cf. D1242.1.) Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 98.

D1503. D1503. Magic object heals wound. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1503.1. D1503.1. Magic song heals wound. (Cf. D1275.) Icelandic: De la Saussaye 241; cf. Finnish: Kalevala rune 8; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 89.

D1503.2. D1503.2. Magic pigskin heals wounds. (Cf. D1025.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1503.3. D1503.3. Charm for wounds. (Cf. D1273.) Kittredge Witchcraft 32, 387 n. 80.--Irish myth: *Cross; England: *Baughman; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “blessure”.

D1503.3.1. D1503.3.1. Charm for burns or scalds. (Cf. D1273.) England, U.S.: Baughman (D1500.1.23.1).

D1503.4. D1503.4. Magic balm heals wounds. (Cf. D1244.) Dickson 187 nn. 61, 62.

D1503.5. D1503.5. Magic lantern heals wounds. (Cf. D1162.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1503.6. D1503.6. Magic jewel heals wounds. (Cf. D1071.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1503.7. D1503.7. Magic well heals (wounds). (Cf. D926.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1503.7.1. D1503.7.1. Magic pool of milk heals wounds. Irish myth: Cross.

D1503.8. D1503.8. Magic goblet heals wounds. (Cf. D1171.6.2.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1503.9. D1503.9. Magic hand heals wounds. (Cf. D996.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1503.10. D1503.10. Magic plant heals wounds. (Cf. D965.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1503.10.1. D1503.10.1. Grass and flowers which grew upon a saint‘s grave are good for cures. (Cf. D975.) *Loomis White Magic 105.

D1503.11. D1503.11. Wounds healed by eating fruit of magic tree. (Cf. D950.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1503.12. D1503.12. Magic earth heals wounds. (Cf. D935.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1503.12.1. D1503.12.1. Earth receives curative powers from contact with saint. *Loomis White Magic 104f.

D1503.13. D1503.13. Magic potion heals wounds. (Cf. D1242.2.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1503.14. D1503.14. Wound healed by wounding weapon. (Cf. D1080.) Greek: Grote I 268.

D1503.14.1. D1503.14.1. Wounds caused by sword can only be healed by a certain stone. Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 267., *Boberg.

D1503.15. D1503.15. Wound healed with own blood. (Cf. D1003.) Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 118.

D1503.16. D1503.16. Wound healed by water from place wounded man’s heel dragged. (Cf. D1240.) Marquesas: Handy 117.

D1503.17. D1503.17. Magic gloves heal wound. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1504. D1504. Magic object stanches blood.

D1504.1. D1504.1. Charm stanches blood. (Cf. D1273.) Kittredge Witchcraft 32, 387 n. 81; Irish myth: Cross; English: Child II 441, 445, 450; England, Wales, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1504.2. D1504.2. Amulet cures nosebleed. (Cf. D1070.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1505. D1505. Magic object cures blindness. *Type 550.

D1505.1. D1505.1. Herbs restore sight. (Cf. D965.) *Chauvin II 193 No. 12, V 14 No. 9.--India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1505.2. D1505.2. Spittle restores sight. (Cf. D1001, D1500.1.8.) India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Maori: Dixon 59. Cf. Mark 8:23.

D1505.3. D1505.3. Magic feather restores sight. (Cf. D1021.) Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 59 No. 425D*.

D1505.4. D1505.4. Magic honey restores sight. (Cf. D1037.) Hindu: Keith 158.

D1505.5. D1505.5. Magic water restores sight. (Cf. D1242.1.) *Types 590, 613; *Christiansen FFC XXIV 79.--India: *Thompson-Balys; Irish myth: Cross; Missouri French: Carriиre.

D1505.5.1. D1505.5.1. Bird‘s tears restore sight. (Cf. B736.) Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 59 No. 425D.

D1505.5.2. D1505.5.2. Dew restores sight. (Cf. D902.2.) Christiansen FFC XXIV 78.

D1505.5.2.1. D1505.5.2.1. Dew falling on St. John’s Night restores sight. (Cf. D902.2.) *Fb “Sankt Hansdag” III 161a.

D1505.5.3. D1505.5.3. Magic fountain restores sight. (Cf. D925.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “fontaine”; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1505.5.4. D1505.5.4. Holy spring restores sight. (Cf. D927, V134.) *Fb “blind” IV 45b; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1505.5.5. D1505.5.5. Magic coconut water restores sight. Marquesas: Beckwith Myth 485.

D1505.6. D1505.6. Magic ointment restores sight. (Cf. D1244.) Malone PMLA XLIII 410; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1505.7. D1505.7. Magic wand restores sight. (Cf. D1254.1.) India: Thompson-Balys; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 67 No. 510.

D1505.8. D1505.8. Blood restores sight. (Cf. D1003.) India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1505.8.1. D1505.8.1. Blood from Christ‘s wounds restores sight. Longinus. Paris Lйgendes du moyen вge 151.

D1505.9. D1505.9. Magic flower restores sight. (Cf. D975.) India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1505.10. D1505.10. Saint’s breath restores sight. (Cf. D1005.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1505.10.1. D1505.10.1. Hero‘s breath restores sight. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1505.11. D1505.11. Charm for diseased eye. (Cf. D1273.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1505.11.1. D1505.11.1. Charm for removing object from eye. U.S.: *Baughman (D1500.1.23.3.)

D1505.12. D1505.12. Man who touches book of St. Oswin’s life is cured of blindness. (Cf. D1266.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1505.13. D1505.13. Animal excreta cures blindness. (Cf. D1026.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1505.14. D1505.14. Animal liver cures blindness. (Cf. D1015.4.) Chinese-Persian: *Coyajee JPASB XXIV 187.

D1505.14.1. D1505.14.1. Liver of shining goat heals blindness of raja. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1505.15. D1505.15. Magic cotton-wool restores sight. (Cf. D1299.4.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1505.16. D1505.16. Magic statue (when kissed) restores sight. (Cf. D1268, D1794.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1505.17. D1505.17. Magic stone restores sight. (Cf. D931.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1505.18. D1505.18. Tree restores sight. (Cf. D950.)

D1505.18.1. D1505.18.1. Coconut shoots restore sight. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 492.

D1505.19. D1505.19. Gall of slain giant restores sight. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1506. D1506. Magic object cures deafness. Jewish: Neuman.

D1506.1. D1506.1. Spittle restores hearing. (Cf. D1001.) Mark 7:33.

D1507. D1507. Magic object restores speech.

D1507.1. D1507.1. Magic ring restores speech. (Cf. D1076.) Fb “ring” III 60b.

D1507.2. D1507.2. Saint‘s gospel-book restores speech. (Cf. D1266.) Irish: Plummer clxxviii, Cross.

D1507.3. D1507.3. Saint’s bell restores speech. (Cf. D1213.) Irish: Plummer clxxvi, Cross.

D1507.4. D1507.4. Saint‘s breath restores speech. (Cf. D1005.) *Loomis White Magic 105; Irish: Plummer clxxviii, Cross.

D1507.5. D1507.5. Magic cake restores speech. (Cf. D1031.2.) BP II 473; Hdwb. d. Mдrchen I 335b.

D1507.6. D1507.6. Saint’s blood restores speech. (Cf. D1003.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1507.7. D1507.7. Magic harp restores speech. (Cf. D1231.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1507.8. D1507.8. Magic gold taken from hill restores speech when it is laid under the tongue of dumb person. Icelandic: Flateyjarbуk I 250, Boberg.

D1508. D1508. Magic object restores reason.

D1508.1. D1508.1. Saint‘s bell restores reason. (Cf. D1213.) Irish: Plummer clxxvi, Cross.

D1508.2. D1508.2. Music restores reason. (Cf. D1275.1.) Dickson 121.

D1508.3. D1508.3. Jackal-tooth as cure for madness. (Cf. D1011.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1508.4. D1508.4. Soup made of black dog’s head cures madness. (Cf. D1032.3.) Chile: Jijena Sanchez 137.

D1511. D1511. Magic object cures drunkenness.

D1511.1. D1511.1. Magic carpet cures drunkenness. (Cf. D1155.) Chinese: Werner 192.

D1512. D1512. Magic object cures ulcers.

D1512.1. D1512.1. Magic ointment cures ulcers. (Cf. D1244.) Chinese: Werner 276, 281f.

D1513. D1513. Charm removes thorn. (Cf. D1273.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1514. D1514. Magic object relieves pain. Irish myth: Cross.

D1514.1. D1514.1. Magic music relieves pain. (Cf. D1275.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1514.2. D1514.2. Magic girdle relieves pain. (Cf. D1057.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1514.3. D1514.3. Charm for pain. (Cf. D1273.) England, U.S.: Baughman (D1500.1.23.2).

D1515. D1515. Magic antidote for poison. *Penzer II 303 n.; *Gimlette Malay Poisons and Charm Cures; Irish myth: Cross.

D1515.1. D1515.1. Remedies for poison. Irish myth: Cross.

D1515.2. D1515.2. Charms as antidote for poison. (Cf. D1273.) Kittredge Witchcraft 32, 387 nn. 82, 83; England: Baughman.

D1515.2.1. D1515.2.1. Charms as antidote for snakebite. (Cf. D1273, D1515.4.) Kittredge Witchcraft 32, 389 n. 101; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1515.3. D1515.3. Bath in milk of white, hornless cows as antidote for poison. Irish myth: Cross.

D1515.4. D1515.4. Antidote for snakebite. (Cf. D1515.2.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1515.4.1. D1515.4.1. Maid cuts off pap to heal man‘s serpent wound. (Cf. D1009.3.) English: Child V 177.

D1515.4.2. D1515.4.2. Snake stone applied to snakebite absorbs poison. (Cf. D930.) Scotland: Baughman.

D1515.4.3. D1515.4.3. Hind’s horns as antidote for snakebite. (Cf. D1011.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1515.4.4. D1515.4.4. Body of gnat as antidote for snakebite. (Cf. D1010.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1515.4.5. D1515.4.5. Sight of brass serpent as antidote for snakebite. (Cf. D1268.3.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1515.4.6. D1515.4.6. Magic potion mixed with brains of deceitful person as cure for snakebite. (Cf. D1242.2.) Africa (Timne): Schlenker Collection of Timne Traditions (London, 1861) 87ff., (Hausa): Tremearne FL XXII 464ff. No. 50.

D1515.5. D1515.5. Remedy for mad dog bite. Irish myth: Cross (D1519.3).

D1515.5.1. D1515.5.1. Stone as antidote for mad dog bite. (Cf. D930.) U.S.: *Baughman.

D1516. D1516. Charms against elfshot. (Cf. D2066, D1273.) Kittredge Witchcraft 133, 453ff. nn. 62--82 passim; Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 83, Snorra Edda Skaldsk. XVII; England: *Baughman.

D1517. D1517. Cure for insect‘s sting.

D1517.1. D1517.1. Body of housefly as remedy for hornet sting. (Cf. D1010.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1518. D1518. Magic object restores bodily members. Irish myth: Cross.

D1518.1. D1518.1. Magic drink restores arms. (Cf. D1040.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1518.2. D1518.2. Root restores amputated hands and feet. (Cf. D967.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1518.3. D1518.3. Hero’s breath returns head to headless horseman. (Cf. D1005.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1518.4. D1518.4. Magic object heals broken bone. Irish myth: Cross.

D1518.4.1. D1518.4.1. Magic plant heals broken bone. (Cf. D1500.1.4.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1519. D1519. Magic object controls disease--miscellaneous. Irish myth: Cross.

D1519.1. D1519.1. Magic object restores strength. Irish myth: Cross.

D1519.1.1. D1519.1.1. Magic bowl restores strength. (Cf. D1172.2.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1520. D1520. Magic object affords miraculous transportation. *Aarne MSFO XXV 116; *Types 560, 566; Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1520.1. D1520.1. Magic transportation by bough. (Cf. D954.) *Chauvin V 229 No. 130; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1520.1.1. D1520.1.1. Transportation by stretching and swaying tree. The tree stretches and bends over so as to land hero in a distant country. (Cf. D482.) Tahiti, Melanesia, Indonesia: Dixon 66.

D1520.1.2. D1520.1.2. Transportation by hollow tree. (Cf. D950, D1532.7.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1520.2. D1520.2. Magic transportation by cloud. (Cf. D901.) Chauvin V 230 No. 130; Irish myth: Cross.

D1520.3. D1520.3. Magic transportation by hairs. (Cf. D991.) Chauvin V 230 No. 130.

D1520.4. D1520.4. Magic transportation by golden apple. (Cf. D981.1, F813.1.1.) *Fb “guldжble” I 516a.

D1520.5. D1520.5. Magic transportation by animal skin.

D1520.5.1. D1520.5.1. Magic transportation by skin of fish. (Cf. D1025.2.) Chauvin V 230 No. 130.

D1520.5.2. D1520.5.2. Magic transportation by dog skin. (Cf. D1025.6.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 54.

D1520.5.3. D1520.5.3. Magic transportation by seal skin. (Cf. D1025.9.) Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 512.

D1520.5.4. D1520.5.4. Magic transportation by horse skin. (Cf. D1025.7.) Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 79.

D1520.6. D1520.6. Magic transportation by cloak (cape). (Cf. D1053.) *Chauvin V 230 No. 130; Penzer I 27; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 91 No. 771*.

D1520.7. D1520.7. Magic transportation by gold uniform. (Cf. D1052.1.) *Fb “guldmundering”.

D1520.8. D1520.8. Magic transportation by saber. (Cf. D1082.) Chauvin V 230 No. 130.

D1520.8.1. D1520.8.1. Magic transportation by sword. (Cf. D1081.) Korean: Zong in-Sob 59.

D1520.9. D1520.9. Magic transportation by garter. (Cf. D1063.) Chauvin V 230 No. 130.

D1520.10. D1520.10. Magic transportation by shoes. (Cf. D1065.2, D1521.1.) Chauvin V 229 No. 130; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 267; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1520.10.1. D1520.10.1. Magic transportation by sandals. (Cf. D1065.5.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1520.11. D1520.11. Magic transportation by cap (hat). (Cf. D1067.1, D1067.2.) *Type 566; Chauvin V 229 No. 130; Greek: Fox 195.

D1520.12. D1520.12. Magic transportation by ring. (Cf. D1076.) Chauvin V 229 No. 130; India: *Thompson-Balys; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1520.13. D1520.13. Magic transportation by arrow. (Cf. D1092, D1526.1.) Chauvin V 230 No. 130.

D1520.14. D1520.14. Transportation in magic carriage. (Cf. D1111.) Chauvin V 229 No. 130.

D1520.15. D1520.15. Transportation in magic ship. (Cf. D1123, D1521.2, D1525, D1533.1.) Finnish: Kalevala rune 39; Greek: Fox 138; Irish myth: Cross.

D1520.15.1. D1520.15.1. Sailing against a contrary wind, current and tide. *Loomis White Magic 90.

D1520.16. D1520.16. Magic transportation by chair. (Cf. D1151.2.) Chauvin V 229 No. 130; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1520.17. D1520.17. Magic transportation by sofa. (Cf. D1154.2.) Chauvin V 230 No. 130; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1520.17.1. D1520.17.1. Magic transportation on flying bedstead. (Cf. D1154.1.) India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1520.17.2. D1520.17.2. Transportation on magic couch. (Cf. D1154.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1520.18. D1520.18. Magic transportation by hammock. (Cf. D1154.3.) Africa (Vai): Ellis 200 No. 18 (Type 653).

D1520.18.1. D1520.18.1. Transportation on magic swing. (Cf. D1154.3.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1520.18.2. D1520.18.2. Transportation in magic palanquin. (Cf. D1154.3.2.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1520.19. D1520.19. Magic transportation by carpet. (Cf. D1155, D1118, D1118.1.) *Chauvin V 230 No. 130; Fb “luftrejse” II 457; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 111 No. 39; Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 137.

D1520.20. D1520.20. Transportation by magic throne. (Cf. D1156.) Chauvin V 230 No. 130; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1520.21. D1520.21. Transportation by magic platform. (Cf. D1157.) Chauvin V 230 No. 130.

D1520.22. D1520.22. Transportation by magic pitcher. (Cf. D1171.4.) Chauvin V 230 No. 130.

D1520.23. D1520.23. Transportation by magic goblet. (Cf. D1171.6.2.) Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 213 n. 2.

D1520.24. D1520.24. Transportation by magic box. (Cf. D1174.) Chauvin V 230 No. 130.

D1520.25. D1520.25. Transportation by magic bag. (Cf. D1193.) Fb “rжnsel”.

D1520.26. D1520.26. Transportation by putting magic ointment on feet. (Cf. D1244.) Penzer IV 90 n. 1.

D1520.27. D1520.27. Magic transportation by means of wand. (Cf. D1254.1.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “baguette”; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1520.27.1. D1520.27.1. Magic transportation by club. (Cf. D1094.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1520.28. D1520.28. Magic transportation in whirlwind. (Cf. D906.) *Taylor FFC LXX 24 n. 1; Jewish: Neuman.

D1520.29. D1520.29. Transportation by magic jewel. Italian Novella: Rotunda; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1520.29.1. D1520.29.1. Transportation by magic pearl. (Cf. D1071.) Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas@2 III 159.

D1520.30. D1520.30. Magic transportation on piece of rock. (Cf. D971.4.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1520.31. D1520.31. Magic transportation by rope. (Cf. D1203.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1520.32. D1520.32. Magic transportation on antlers. (Cf. D1011.1.) N. A. Indian (Calif.): Gayton and Newman 75.

D1520.33. D1520.33. Magic transportation on musical bow. (Cf. D1210.) N. A. Indian (Calif.): Gayton and Newman 79; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1520.34. D1520.34. Transportation by means of necklace. (Cf. D1073.) German: MacCulloch Eddic 261.

D1520.35. D1520.35. Magic transportation by feather-dress. (Cf. D1069.2.) Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 259, *Boberg.

D1520.36. D1520.36. Transportation by magic stone. (Cf. D931.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1520.37. D1520.37. Magic journey by reading book. Chinese: Graham.

D1521. D1521. Miraculous speed from magic object.

D1521.1. D1521.1. Seven-league boots. Boots with miraculous speed. (Cf. D1065.1.) *Type 328; *Saintyves Perrault 283, 286; *Fb “sko” III 288a, “stшvle” III 642a.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bottes”; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10; England: *Baughman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 253; Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 177.

D1521.1.1. D1521.1.1. Sandals with magic speed. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1521.2. D1521.2. Ship with miraculous speed. (Cf. D1123, D1520.15.) Fb “skib” III 243ab; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 192; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1521.2.1. D1521.2.1. Ship as swift as a bird. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1521.3. D1521.3. Sleigh as swift as thought. (Cf. D1115.) *Taylor FFC LXX 45ff.

D1521.4. D1521.4. Carriage as swift as thought. (Cf. D1111.) Hindu: Keith 108; Japanese: Anesaki 359.

D1521.5. D1521.5. Jewel gives miraculous speed. (Cf. D1071.)

D1521.5.1. D1521.5.1. Turquoise gives miraculous speed. Jewish: Neuman.

D1523. D1523. Magic self-moving vehicle. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1523.1. D1523.1. Self-propelling wagon. (Cf. D1113.) *Type 675; Fb “vogn” III 1078a.

D1523.2. D1523.2. Self-propelling (ship) boat. (Cf. D1121, D1123, D1520.15.) *Barry JAFL XXVIII 195; Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bateau”; India: *Thompson-Balys; Marquesas: Handy 46; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 275 n. 14a; Africa (Fang): Trilles 137. See also references to D1520.15.

D1523.2.1. D1523.2.1. Automatic oar. (Cf. D1124.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “aviron”.

D1523.2.2. D1523.2.2. Boat propelled by magic awl. (Cf. D1187.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “alиne”.

D1523.2.3. D1523.2.3. Boat propelled by magic wand. (Cf. D1254.1.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “navigation”.

D1523.2.4. D1523.2.4. Boat obeys master‘s will. *Kittredge Witchcraft 16; Irish myth: *Cross; England: Baughman.

D1523.2.5. D1523.2.5. Boat guides self. *Kittredge Witchcraft 16; *Loomis White Magic 90; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1523.2.6. D1523.2.6. Boat guided by magic songs. (Cf. D1275.) Finnish: Kalevala rune 40.

D1523.2.7. D1523.2.7. Boat guided by magic sea-charm. (Cf. D1273.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1523.2.7.1. D1523.2.7.1. Self-guiding rudderless boat. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1523.2.8. D1523.2.8. Magic boat is rowed by two wooden figures as soon as it is put on water. (Cf. D1524, D1620.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1523.3. D1523.3. Bundle of wood magically acts as riding horse. Italian: Basile I No. 3.

D1524. D1524. Magic object enables person to cross water.

D1524.1. D1524.1. Magic object permits man to walk on water. Irish myth: Cross.

D1524.1.1. D1524.1.1. Medicine on feet permits man to walk on water. (Cf. D1241.) Zanzibar: Bateman 207 No. 10.

D1524.1.2. D1524.1.2. Saint‘s bachall permits him to walk on sea. (Cf. D1277.) Irish: Plummer clxxv, Cross.

D1524.1.2.1. D1524.1.2.1. Saint casts staffs to distant island. Staff that reaches owner shall have island. (Cf. D1254.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1524.1.3. D1524.1.3. Saint spreads his cloak (or other clothes) upon the water and rides to his desired destination. (Cf. D1053.) *Loomis White Magic 91.

D1524.1.4. D1524.1.4. Sand permits man to walk on water. (Cf. D935.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1524.2. D1524.2. Clothes carry owner over water.

D1524.2.1. D1524.2.1. Boots carry owner on sea. (Cf. D1065.1.) Irish myth: *Cross (D1524.2); Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bottes”.

D1524.2.2. D1524.2.2. Belt carries owner over water. (Cf. D1057.) Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 43, 55.

D1524.3. D1524.3. Magic stone serves as boat. (Cf. D931.) *Loomis White Magic 90; Irish: Plummer clv, *Cross; England: *Baughman.

D1524.3.1. D1524.3.1. Stone canoe. (Cf. D1122.) N. A. Indian (Ojibwa): Schoolcraft Hiawatha 223.

D1524.3.2. D1524.3.2. Saint’s bell carried on floating stone. (Cf. D1213.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1524.4. D1524.4. Island canoe. Magic island acts as canoe or boat. (Cf. D936, D1122.) N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 275 n. 14.

D1524.5. D1524.5. River crossed by means of charm. (Cf. D1273.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1524.6. D1524.6. River crossed by means of magic stone. (Cf. D930.) Congo: Pratt-Chadwick and Lamprey The Alo Man (New York, 1927) 17ff.

D1524.7. D1524.7. Magic sod serves as boat. (Cf. D934.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1524.8. D1524.8. Leaf serves as boat. (Cf. D955, D1121.)

D1524.8.1. D1524.8.1. Leaf serves as boat for saint. England: Baughman.

D1524.9. D1524.9. Magic wind catches hero up and transports him across immense sea. (Cf. D906.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1524.10. D1524.10. Magic staff comes to one over water. (Cf. D1254.) Marquesas: Handy 134.

D1524.11. D1524.11. Magic betelnut comes to one over water. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 63.

D1524.12. D1524.12. Magic handaxe comes to one over water. (Cf. D1206.) Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 84ff., 101.

D1525. D1525. Magic submarine ship (boat). (Cf. D1123.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “navire”, “bateau”.--Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XXII 18.

D1525.1. D1525.1. Magic hood enables person to pass under water. (Cf. D1067.3.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1526. D1526. Magic object thrown ahead carries owner with it.

D1526.1. D1526.1. Magic arrow flight. Man keeps ahead of arrow which he shoots. (Cf. D1092.) N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 315 n. 145a.

D1526.2. D1526.2. Magic ball flight. Man throws ball and is carried along with it. (Cf. D1256.) N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 315 n. 145b.

D1526.3. D1526.3. Magic pistol forces one to run behind the ball. (Cf. D1096.2.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “pistolet”.

D1531. D1531. Magic object gives power of flying.

D1531.1. D1531.1. Mustard seeds give power of flying. (Cf. D971.1.) Penzer II 63f.

D1531.2. D1531.2. Magic pill gives power of flying. (Cf. D1243.) Chinese: Werner 185.

D1531.3. D1531.3. Magic sword gives power of flying. (Cf. D1081.) *Penzer IV 235f.

D1531.4. D1531.4. Magic stone under tongue gives power of flying. (Cf. D931.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1531.5. D1531.5. Witch flies with aid of magic cap or hood. Scotland, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1531.6. D1531.6. Witch flies with aid of magic stick. (Cf. D956.) England: Baughman.

D1531.7. D1531.7. Witch flies with aid of magic juice. (Cf. D981.0.1.) U.S.: Baughman.

D1531.8. D1531.8. Witch flies with aid of word charm. (Cf. D1273.) England, Scotland, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1531.9. D1531.9. Magic flying by means of magic fiddle. (Cf. D1233.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1531.10. D1531.10. Palmetto leaves give power of flying. (Cf. D955.) Marquesas: Handy 53.

D1531.11. D1531.11. Gem gives power of flying. (Cf. D951.) Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 1056.

D1532. D1532. Magic object bears person aloft.

D1532.1. D1532.1. Magic flying skin. (Cf. D1025.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1532.1.1. D1532.1.1. Magic mouse-skin bears person aloft. (Cf. B183.1.1, D1025.3.) Africa (Zulu): Callaway 98.

D1532.2. D1532.2. Magic breeches bear person aloft. (Cf. D1055.) *Fb “bukser”. IV 77b.

D1532.3. D1532.3. Magic shoes bear person aloft. (Cf. D1065.2.) Penzer I 24 n. 1, III 56; Fb “sko” III 288a; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1532.3.1. D1532.3.1. Special shoes enable hero to climb a stone pillar. Chinese: Graham.

D1532.4. D1532.4. Magic sandals bear person aloft. (Cf. D1065.5.) Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 153 n. 3.

D1532.5. D1532.5. Magic chariot bears person aloft. (Cf. D1114.) Jones PMLA XXIII 574.--Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 38 n. 2, Fox 115, 213; Irish: Plummer xxvii, *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys, Penzer VI 21f., 201ff.

D1532.6. D1532.6. Magic robe bears person aloft. (Cf. D1052.) Pauli (ed. Bolte). No. 668.

D1532.7. D1532.7. Magic tree bears person through air. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1532.8. D1532.8. Magic head-dress bears person aloft. (Cf. D1067.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1532.9. D1532.9. Magic leaf bears person aloft. (Cf. D955.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1532.10. D1532.10. Magic fan bears person aloft. Chinese: Graham.

D1532.11. D1532.11. Magic journey in flying boat. (Cf. D1123.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1532.12. D1532.12. Magic sword carries person through air. (Cf. D1081.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1532.13. D1532.13. Magic brick bears person to moon. (Cf. D935.4.) Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 221.

D1533. D1533. Magic amphibian vehicle.

D1533.1. D1533.1. Magic land and water vehicle.

D1533.1.1. D1533.1.1. Magic land and water ship. (Cf. D1123.) *Type 513B; *BP II 79ff., III 272; *Fb “skib” III 242b; *Cosquin Contes indiens 452ff.; *Brown Iwain 112; Kцhler-Bolte I 134, 192f.--Irish myth: *Cross; Norse: MacCulloch Eddic 108--09; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bateau”.

D1533.1.2. D1533.1.2. Magic land and water chariot. (Cf. D1114.) Fb “guldkaret”.--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1533.2. D1533.2. Vehicle travels above and below ground.

D1533.2.1. D1533.2.1. Box which travels above or below ground. (Cf. D1174.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “coffre”.

D1539. D1539. Miscellaneous forms of magic transportation.

D1539.1. D1539.1. Magic elevator. Stone on which one steps carries one underground. (Cf. D931.) German: Grimm No. 163.

D1539.2. D1539.2. Magic belt carries tree away. (Cf. D1057.) *Fb “trж” III 868a.

D1539.3. D1539.3. Magic staves enable man to gain precipitous height. (Cf. D1254.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1540. D1540. Magic object controls the elements. Chinese: Graham.

D1540.1. D1540.1. Magic bag controls storm, mist, darkness, etc. (Cf. D1193.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1540.2. D1540.2. Magic white, red and yellow stone causes hail, sunshine or fire, according to which side is scratched. (Cf. D931.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1540.3. D1540.3. Magic stone controls water. (Cf. D931.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1541. D1541. Magic object controls storms. Irish myth: Cross.

D1541.0.1. D1541.0.1. Charms control storms. (Cf. D1273.) Kittredge Witchcraft 32, 388 n. 94.

D1541.0.2. D1541.0.2. Magic song controls storm. (Cf. D1275.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1541.1. D1541.1. Magic object raises storm.

D1541.1.1. D1541.1.1. Magic spittle causes storm. (Cf. D1001.) Africa (Zulu): Callaway 228.

D1541.1.2. D1541.1.2. Magic song causes storm. (Cf. D1275.) Africa (Kaffir): Theal 83.

D1541.1.3. D1541.1.3. Magic fountain causes storm (rain). (Cf. D925, D926, D2143.1.) *Hamilton Romanic Review II 355ff., V 213ff.; *Brown Iwain 13ff., *126f.; Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 1307; Holmberg Die Wassergottheiten 181ff.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; English: Wells 65; French: Chretien de Troyes Iwain (ed. Foerster) lines 380ff.

D1541.1.4. D1541.1.4. Shirt laid upon altar raises storm. (Cf. D1056.) Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 531.

D1541.1.5. D1541.1.5. Tempest box raises storm. (Cf. D1174.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1541.1.6. D1541.1.6. Magic writings raise storm. (Cf. D1266.1.) Korean: Zong in-Sob 170.

D1541.1.7. D1541.1.7. Magic calabash holding bones raises storm. (Cf. D965.2) Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 449.

D1541.1.8. D1541.1.8. Singing magic hymn raises storm. (Cf. D1275.3) Korean: Zong in-Sob 66.

D1541.2. D1541.2. Magic object draws storm away.

D1541.2.1. D1541.2.1. Magic pestle draws storm away. (Cf. D1254.3.) Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 221.

D1541.2.2. D1541.2.2. Magic pearl draws storm away. (Cf. D1071.) Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 221.

D1542. D1542. Magic object controls rain. (Cf. D1541.4.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1542.1. D1542.1. Magic object produces rain.

D1542.1.1. D1542.1.1. Magic stone produces rain. (Cf. D931, D1541.4.) Irish: Plummer clvii, Cross.

D1542.1.2. D1542.1.2. Magic spittle controls rain. Makes rain on everyone but possessor of spittle himself. (Cf. D1001.) Africa (Zulu): Callaway 228.

D1542.1.3. D1542.1.3. Magic hat brings flood. (Cf. D1067.1.) N. A. Indian (Haida): Alexander N. Am. 261.

D1542.1.4. D1542.1.4. Magic fan produces rain. Must be waved three times. (Cf. D1077.) Chinese: Werner 359, 362.

D1542.1.5. D1542.1.5. Magic song brings rain. (Cf. D1275.) Chinese: Graham.

D1542.1.6. D1542.1.6. Oil poured in left ear of black dog brings rain. (Cf. D1242.2.) Jijena Sanchez 134.

D1542.1.7. D1542.1.7. Blood and liver of black dog sacrificed to bring rain. (Cf. D1016., D1015.4.) Jijena Sanchez 134.

D1542.2. D1542.2. Magic object causes drought.

D1542.2.1. D1542.2.1. Sacred weapon thrown into sky causes drought. (Cf. D1080.) Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 293.

D1542.3. D1542.3. Magic object causes streams to dry up.

D1542.3.1. D1542.3.1. Magic medicine causes streams to dry up. (Cf. D1241.) Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 115.

D1542.3.2. D1542.3.2. Reading book causes river to dry up. (Cf. D1266.) Chinese: Graham.

D1542.3.3. D1542.3.3. Branch which dries up water in great river so person can cross. (Cf. D954.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1542.3.4. D1542.3.4. Magic spell dries up lake. (Cf. D1273.) Irish myth: Cross (D1549.9).

D1542.3.5. D1542.3.5. Not a drop of water will remain in tank no matter how hard laborers work. (Cf. D921.2.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1542.4. D1542.4. Magic wand keeps outdoor sleeping place dry. (Cf. D1254.1.) South Africa: Bourhill and Drake 237ff. No. 20.

D1543. D1543. Magic object controls wind.

D1543.1. D1543.1. Fountain insures favorable wind when drained. (Cf. D925.) Irish: Plummer cli, Cross.

D1543.2. D1543.2. Magic stone causes favorable wind. (Cf. D931.) Irish: Plummer clvii, Cross.

D1543.3. D1543.3. Magic fan produces wind. (Cf. D1077.) Chinese: Werner 359, 362.

D1543.4. D1543.4. Magic sword produces wind. (Cf. D1081.) Chinese: Werner 121.

D1543.5. D1543.5. Magic medicine produces wind. (Cf. D1241.) Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 344.

D1543.6. D1543.6. Wind carried in mantle. (Cf. D1053.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1543.7. D1543.7. Magic calabash (gourd) controls winds. (Cf. D965.2.) Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 86, 405.

D1544. D1544. Magic object controls earthquakes.

D1544.1. D1544.1. Magic spell controls earthquake. (Cf. D1273.) Penzer VI 29.

D1545. D1545. Magic object controls sea.

D1545.0.1. D1545.0.1. Magic runes control sea. (Cf. D1266.2.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1545.1. D1545.1. Magic object controls tides.

D1545.1.1. D1545.1.1. Magic jewel controls tides. (Cf. D1071.) Japanese: Anesaki 305.

D1546. D1546. Magic object controls heavenly bodies. Irish myth: Cross.

D1546.1. D1546.1. Magic object controls sun.

D1546.1.1. D1546.1.1. Hat which turns the sun. (Cf. D1067.1.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “chapeau”.--Danish: Boberg.

D1546.1.2. D1546.1.2. Magic spell controls sun. (Cf. D1273.) Irish myth: *Cross (D1546.2).

D1546.1.2.1. D1546.1.2.1. Magic spell darkens sun. Irish myth: *Cross (D1546.2.1).

D1546.1.3. D1546.1.3. Magic umbrella makes sun stand still. (Cf. D1194.) Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 237.

D1547. D1547. Magic object reverses gravitation.

D1547.1. D1547.1. Magic root floats against the current. (Cf. D967.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1547.2. D1547.2. Magic flower thrown into lake causes waters to follow in the footsteps of the one who throws it in. (Cf. D975.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1547.3. D1547.3. Magic object lifts heavy object from river bottom. Jewish: Neuman.

D1548. D1548. Magic object controls weather.

D1548.0.1. D1548.0.1. Amulet has control over weather. (Cf. D1070.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 459. Rasmussen II 175.

D1548.1. D1548.1. Magic object assures good weather.

D1548.1.1. D1548.1.1. Magic stalk assures good weather. (Cf. D977.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 429.

D1549. D1549. Magic object controls elements: miscellaneous.

D1549.1. D1549.1. Magic arrow shakes heavens. (Cf. D1092.) Chinese: Werner 312.

D1549.2. D1549.2. Saint‘s girdle causes tree to fall in right direction. (Cf. D1057.1.) Irish: Plummer clxxxi, Cross.

D1549.3. D1549.3. Magic object controls river (lake). Icelandic: Boberg.

D1549.3.1. D1549.3.1. Saint’s bachall drives back flooding river. (Cf. D1277.) Irish: Plummer clxxv, Cross.

D1549.3.2. D1549.3.2. Saint‘s bachall leads stream through mountain (or up hill.) (Cf. D1277.) Irish: Plummer clxxv, *Cross.

D1549.3.3. D1549.3.3. Magic trousers make river boil. (Cf. D1055.) Chinese: Werner 307.

D1549.3.4. D1549.3.4. Magic gem causes river waters to recede. (Cf. D1071, D1551.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1549.3.5. D1549.3.5. Fish bone holds back water in river. (Cf. D1013.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1549.3.6. D1549.3.6. Ring of hay thrown into empty lake fills it up with water. (Cf. D1276.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1549.3.7. D1549.3.7. Written charm causes river to flow quietly. (Cf. D1266.1.) Korean: Zong in-Sob 57.

D1549.3.8. D1549.3.8. Spear stuck in river bed stops water. (Cf. D1084.) S. A. Indian (Mataco): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 132.

D1549.4. D1549.4. Saint’s bachall brings down mountain on heads of enemies. (Cf. D1277.) Irish: Plummer clxxv, *Cross.

D1549.5. D1549.5. Magic staff draws water from stone. (Cf. D925.1, D1254, D1567.6.) Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas@2 III 19, *Neuman: India: Thompson-Balys.

D1549.5.1. D1549.5.1. Rock beaten by sword provides water. (Cf. D930.) Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 114.

D1549.6. D1549.6. Saint‘s veil quells volcano. (Cf. D1061.) Acta Sanctorum February I 635.

D1549.7. D1549.7. Murdered man’s head will cause earth to burn up or sea to boil: must be carried about. (Cf. D1278.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1549.8. D1549.8. Magic song drives back flooding sea. (Cf. D1275.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1549.9. D1549.9. Magic rod causes all waters to turn to blood. (Cf. D1254.2.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1549.10. D1549.10. Waves answer roar of magic shield. (Cf. D1101.1, D1610.24.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1549.11. D1549.11. Magic beads break ice jam. (Cf. D1071.1.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 150.

D1550. D1550. Magic object miraculously opens and closes.

D1551. D1551. Waters magically divide and close. *Frazer Old Testament II 456ff.; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “riviиre”; Irish: Plummer cxlviii, Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; England: Baughman; Spanish Exempla: Keller; India: *Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 276 n. 15b; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 82, 93; (Hottentot): Bleek 75 No. 36.

D1551.0.1. D1551.0.1. Water becomes shallow so man is able to cross the river. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1551.1. D1551.1. Magic salt causes waters to divide. (Cf. D1039.2.) Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 282 No. 92.

D1551.2. D1551.2. Magic rod causes waters to divide and close. (Cf. D1254.2.) Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: Neuman; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 129.

D1551.3. D1551.3. Magic root causes waters to divide and close. (Cf. D967.) Ila (Rhodesia): Smith and Dale II 416.

D1551.4. D1551.4. Magic powder causes waters to divide. (Cf. D1246.) Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 214 No. 73.

D1551.5. D1551.5. Saint‘s bachall causes sea to divide. (Cf. D1277.) Irish: Plummer clxxv, Cross.

D1551.6. D1551.6. Magic stick causes waters to divide. (Cf. D956.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1551.7. D1551.7. Magic diamond on ogre’s waist opens passage in tank by its reflection on water. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1551.7.1. D1551.7.1. Diamond in snake king‘s forehead in hero’s pocket opens lake waters to reveal a pathway to underground palace. (Cf. D1071.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1551.8. D1551.8. Magic brick causes waters to divide. (Cf. D935.4.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1551.9. D1551.9. Magic formula causes sea to open up. (Cf. D1273.) Korean: Zong in-Sob 26, 170.

D1552. D1552. Mountains or rocks open and close. (Cf. D931, D932.) *Cox Cinderella 499; Fb “rundt” III 96b; India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 319; Calif. Indian: Gayton and Newman 73; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 156, 278, 299, Holm 52, Rasmussen III 53; (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 798, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 180, 232.

D1552.0.1. D1552.0.1. Door opens in mountain. (Cf. D932.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1552.1. D1552.1. Mountain opens at blow of divining rod. (Cf. D1254.2.) Fb “pilegren”.

D1552.2. D1552.2. Mountain opens to magic formula (Open Sesame). (Cf. D1273.) *Type 676; BP III 137.--Jewish: Neuman; Gaster Oldest Stories 132; Icelandic: Boberg; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 108, 226; Tahiti: Dixon 63; New Zealand, Samoa, Mongaia (Cook Group), Tahiti, British New Guinea, Halmahera: ibid., 48 nn. 37--41; Am. Negro (Georgia): Harris Friends 81 No. 11; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 143.

D1552.3. D1552.3. Mountain pass magically closes. South Africa: Bourhill and Drake 237ff. No. 20.

D1552.4. D1552.4. Mountain opens and lets ship on wheels out, permitting magician‘s escape. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1552.5. D1552.5. Cave opens and hides fugitives. *Loomis White Magic 89, 119.

D1552.6. D1552.6. Gate or wall opens and closes, letting saint through. (Cf. D1554.) *Loomis White Magic 89.

D1552.7. D1552.7. Mountain opens and furnishes stones for church. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1552.8. D1552.8. Hill opens and closes to let fugitives pass. (Cf. D938.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1552.9. D1552.9. When enchanted deer touches rock with her muzzle it flies asunder and reveals entrance to cave. (Cf. D1011.5.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1552.10. D1552.10. Magic soot causes mountain to open. (Cf. D931.1.) Africa (Washaga): Gutman 137.

D1552.11. D1552.11. Magic stone opens treasure mountain. (Cf. D930.) Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 221.

D1552.12. D1552.12. Magic key opens treasure mountain. (Cf. D1176.) Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 221; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1553. D1553. Symplegades. Rocks that clash together at intervals. (Cf. D931.) *Reinhard PMLA XXXVIII 458 n. 108; *Krappe Balor 111 n. 11a; Kцhler-Bolte I 572.--Greek: Fox 111, 137; *Frazer Apollodorus I 106 n. 2; Euripides Iphegenia in Taurica lines 123ff.; Herodotus 4:85; Janet Bacon Voyage of the Argonauts 79f.; India: Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 275 n. 15, (Calif.): Gayton and Newman 102; S. A. Indian (Tupinamba): Mйtraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 132. Maori: Clark 36ff.

D1554. D1554. Magic forest opens and closes for hero to pass. (Cf. D941.) Saintyves Perrault 65.

D1554.1. D1554.1. Woods opens and hides fugitive. (Cf. D941.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1555. D1555. Underground passage magically opens. Chinese: Graham.

D1555.1. D1555.1. Magic wand opens underground passage. (Cf. D1254.1.) *Bolte Reise der Sцhne Giaffers 221; MacCulloch Childhood 207.

D1555.2. D1555.2. Magic powder causes earth to open up. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1555.3. D1555.3. Magic formula causes silver to hide itself in mountain. (Cf. D1273.) Chinese: Graham.

D1555.4. D1555.4. Fairy music causes earth to open (burst). (Cf. D1275.1, F262.) Irish myth: Cross (D1558).

D1556. D1556. Self-opening tree-trunk. (Cf. D950.) Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1556.1. D1556.1. Magic formula causes tree to open. (Cf. D1273.) *Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Baum”; BP III 139f.

D1556.2. D1556.2. Tree opens its trunk to give shelter to abandoned girls. (Cf. D950.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1557. D1557. Magic charm causes door to open. (Cf. D1273.) India: *Thompson-Balys; Africa (Venda): Stayt The Bavenda (London, 1931) 351ff. No. 16, (Nubia): Rochemonteix Quelques Contes Nubiens (Cairo, 1888) 112ff. No. 11, (Fang): Trilles XVI 212ff. No. 14, (Gouro): Tauxier Nиgres Gouro et Gagou (Paris, 1924) 277f. No. 12, (Mossi): Frobenius Atlantis VIII 239ff. No. 103.

D1557.1. D1557.1. Door (lock) magically opens (for saint). (Cf. D1146, D1164.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1557.2. D1557.2. Magic herb causes door to open. (Cf. D965.) Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1557.2.1. D1557.2.1. Magic rod causes door to open. (Cf. D1254.2.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1557.3. D1557.3. Magic diamond provides ingress to subterranean palace. (Cf. D1071.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1557.4. D1557.4. Gate of temple opens and shuts by magic. (Cf. D1131.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1560. D1560. Magic object performs other services for owner.

D1561. D1561. Magic object confers miraculous powers (luck).

D1561.1. D1561.1. Magic object brings luck.

D1561.1.1. D1561.1.1. Magic bird-heart (when eaten) brings man to kingship. (Cf. D1015.1.1, B113.1.) *Type 567; BP I 528, III 3; *Aarne MSFO XXV 176; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “oiseau”.

D1561.1.1.1. D1561.1.1.1. Bird (when eaten) brings man to kingship. (Cf. D932.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1561.1.1.2. D1561.1.1.2. Magic fish (when eaten) brings man to kingship. (Cf. D1032.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1561.1.1.3. D1561.1.1.3. Snake’s head (when eaten) brings man to kingship. (Cf. D1011.0.3.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1561.1.2. D1561.1.2. Magic ring brings good luck. (Cf. D1076.) *Fb “ring” III 60b.

D1561.1.3. D1561.1.3. Horseshoe brings good luck. (Cf. D1286.) *Howey 102ff.; **Means-Lawrence Magic of the Horseshoe; *Fb “hestesko” I 603b.--England: Baughman.

D1561.1.4. D1561.1.4. Magic medicine brings success. (Cf. D1241.) Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 359.

D1561.1.5. D1561.1.5. Four-leaf clover brings good luck. (Cf. D965.7.) *BP III 201; *Fb “firklшver”.

D1561.1.6. D1561.1.6. Food left on magic stone brings good luck thereafter. (Cf. D931.) Irish myth: Cross (D1561.8).

D1561.1.7. D1561.1.7. Magic stone brings good luck. (Cf. D930.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1561.1.8. D1561.1.8. Runes bring luck. (Cf. D1266.1.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1561.1.9. D1561.1.9. Lucky places for grave. (Cf. D1073.) India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.

D1561.1.10. D1561.1.10. Jewel brings good luck. (Cf. D1071.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1561.1.11. D1561.1.11. Magic song brings luck. (Cf. D1275.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1561.2. D1561.2. Magic object confers miraculous powers.

D1561.2.1. D1561.2.1. Magic bird (when eaten) gives power of excreting jewels. (Cf. D1032.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1561.2.2. D1561.2.2. Magic treasure gives miraculous powers. Spanish Exempla: Keller; Penzer V 76 n. 1; Busk Sagas from the Far East (London, 1878) 257, 263.

D1561.2.3. D1561.2.3. Magic power in chain. Lost when chain is stolen. (Cf. D1078.) Wesselski Mдrchen 174 No. 64.

D1561.2.4. D1561.2.4. Charm gives invisibility and power of moving everywhere. (Cf. D1273.) Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 750.

D1562. D1562. Magic object removes obstacles.

D1562.1. D1562.1. Magic staff destroys obstacles. (Cf. D1254.) Hawaii: Dixon 90.

D1562.2. D1562.2. Hair from fox‘s tail opens all doors. (Cf. D1023.2, D1557.) *Fb “hеr” I 771b.

D1562.3. D1562.3. Magic horn blows down wall. (Cf. D1222.) *Type 569; BP I 464ff. Cf. Joshua 6:20; Jewish: Neuman.

D1562.4. D1562.4. Magic needle makes everything fall to pieces. (Cf. D1181.) *Type 594.

D1562.5. D1562.5. Hero crosses impassable plain in path of magic object. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1562.6. D1562.6. Holy water destroys veil over well. (Cf. D1242.1.2.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1562.7. D1562.7. Magic root snaps bars of iron in two. (Cf. D1564.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1563. D1563. Magic object controls condition of soil.

D1563.0.1. D1563.0.1. Magic springs fertilize or sterilize earth. (Cf. D927.) *Herbert III 238; *Oesterley No. 253.

D1563.1. D1563.1. Magic object makes soil fertile.

D1563.1.1. D1563.1.1. Charms make soil fertile. (Cf. D1273.) Kittredge Witchcraft 32, 388 n. 91.

D1563.1.2. D1563.1.2. Magic song makes barren land fruitful. (Cf. D1275.) Irish: Plummer clxxix, Cross.

D1563.1.3. D1563.1.3. Sign of the cross makes barren land fruitful. Irish myth: Cross.

D1563.1.4. D1563.1.4. Saint’s bell starts crops growing. (Cf. D1213.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1563.1.5. D1563.1.5. Blood makes soil fertile. (Cf. D1003.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1563.1.6. D1563.1.6. Magic branch when used as a threshing pole produces marvelous harvest of rice. (Cf. D954.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1563.2. D1563.2. Magic object makes soil sterile.

D1563.2.1. D1563.2.1. Magic chain renders orchard barren. (Cf. D1078.) Norwegian: Christiansen 91 No. 613, Asbjшrnsen og Moe (3d ed.) 240 No. 48.

D1563.2.2. D1563.2.2. Blood makes tree (and surroundings) poisonous. (Cf. D1016.) Irish myth: *Cross; Gaster Thespis 296.

D1563.2.2.1. D1563.2.2.1. Well (river) polluted by blood shed in battle. (Cf. D926.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1563.2.2.2. D1563.2.2.2. Snake‘s venom poisons tree. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1563.2.3. D1563.2.3. Magic poem (satire) makes land sterile. (Cf. D1275.4.) Irish myth: Cross (D1563.7).

D1563.2.4. D1563.2.4. Magic spell destroys crops. (Cf. D1273.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1564. D1564. Magic object splits or cuts things. Jewish: Neuman.

D1564.1. D1564.1. Magic pebble splits wood. (Cf. D931.) Southern Paiute: Lowie JAFL XXXVII 143 No. 15.

D1564.2. D1564.2. Saint‘s spittle splits rocks. (Cf. D1001.) *Loomis White Magic 131; Irish: Plummer clxxviii, *Cross.

D1564.3. D1564.3. Saint’s bachall splits rock, cuts stone, and cleaves ground. (Cf. D1277.) Irish: Plummer clxxv, *Cross.

D1564.4. D1564.4. Magic object cuts down trees.

D1564.4.1. D1564.4.1. Magic spear-head cuts down trees. (Cf. D1084.1.) Africa (Benga): Nassau 187 No. 24, Version 1.

D1564.4.2. D1564.4.2. Magic hair cuts down iron tree. (Cf. D991.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1564.5. D1564.5. Magic cranberry opens wedge and frees hero. (Cf. D981.10.1.) Eskimo (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 91.

D1564.6. D1564.6. Magic sword cuts stone and fells trees. (Cf. D1081.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1564.7. D1564.7. Magic weapon (sword, axe) cuts hair (on water, in wind). Irish myth: *Cross.

D1565. D1565. Magic object causes things to seek their proper place.

D1565.1. D1565.1. Magic feather causes chips from tree to return as cut. Thus the tree remains uncut. (Cf. D1021.) Africa (Kaffir): Theal 126.

D1565.1.1. D1565.1.1. Magic song causes chips from tree to return. (Cf. D1275, A2426.4.1.) Africa (Kaffir): Theal 125, cf. (Angola): Chatelain 110.

D1565.2. D1565.2. Magic lyre charms stones into their place in building. (Cf. D1231.1.) Greek: Fox 44 (Amphion), *Grote I 242.

D1565.3. D1565.3. Magic song causes plowed ground to become unplowed. (Cf. D1275.) Africa (Kaffir): Theal 30 No. 1, 41 No. 2, (Basuto): Jacottet 100 No. 15, (Yoruba): Ellis 253 No. 4.

D1565.4. D1565.4. Saint‘s breath restores shattered vessel. (Cf. D1005.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1566. D1566. Magic object controls fire. Irish myth: Cross.

D1566.1. D1566.1. Magic object sets things afire.

D1566.1.1. D1566.1.1. Magic arrow sets fire to whatever it hits. (Cf. D1092.) N. A. Indian (Cree, Menomini): Skinner JAFL XXVII 98.

D1566.1.2. D1566.1.2. Magic fire-moccasins. Set fire to surroundings. (Cf. D1065.4.) N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 322 n. 164.

D1566.1.3. D1566.1.3. Magic sword causes fire and smoke. (Cf. D1081.) Chinese: Werner 121.

D1566.1.4. D1566.1.4. Saint’s breath kindles lamps. (Cf. D1005.) *Loomis White Magic 46f.; Irish: Plummer clxxviii, *Cross.

D1566.1.4.1. D1566.1.4.1. Saint‘s breath kindles coals. Irish myth: Cross.

D1566.1.4.2. D1566.1.4.2. Saint’s (man‘s) breath makes icicles (snow, water) burn. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1566.1.5. D1566.1.5. Shower of fire from magic anvil. (Cf. D1202.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1566.1.6. D1566.1.6. Magic dog’s breath burns dead bodies. (Cf. B182.1, D1029.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1566.1.7. D1566.1.7. Holy water procures fire or light. (Cf. V132.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1566.2. D1566.2. Magic object quenches fire.

D1566.2.1. D1566.2.1. Saint‘s bachall quenches fire. (Cf. D1277.) Irish: Plummer clxxv, Cross.

D1566.2.2. D1566.2.2. Magic fan quenches fire. (Cf. D1077.) Chinese: Werner 359, 362.

D1566.2.3. D1566.2.3. Magic song quenches fire. (Cf. D1275.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1566.2.4. D1566.2.4. Runes quench fire (D1266.1.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1566.2.5. D1566.2.5. Ring makes boiling water cold. (Cf. D1076.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1566.2.6. D1566.2.6. Salamander’s blood quenches fire. (Cf. D1016.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1566.2.7. D1566.2.7. Magic girdle produces stream of water to quench fire. (Cf. D1057.1.) Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G 13/221).

D1567. D1567. Magic object produces fountain. (Cf. D925.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1567.1. D1567.1. Saint‘s blood produces fountain. (Cf. D1003, V220.) Irish: Plummer cl, Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1567.2. D1567.2. Saint’s tears produce fountain. (Cf. D1004.) Irish: Plummer cl, Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1567.3. D1567.3. Water poured from saint‘s bell produces fountain. (Cf. D1242.1.) Irish: Plummer cl.

D1567.4. D1567.4. Saint’s bachall produces fountain. (Cf. D1277.) *Loomis White Magic 37; Irish: Plummer cl, *Cross.

D1567.5. D1567.5. Saint‘s crozier produces fountain. (Cf. D1277.1.) Irish: Plummer cl, *Cross.

D1567.6. D1567.6. Stroke of staff brings water from rock. (Cf. D927.1, D1254.) *Saintyves Essais 139ff; Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1567.7. D1567.7. Fountain produced from drop of water. (Cf. D1242.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1567.8. D1567.8. Sign of cross brings water from rock. (Cf. D1766.6.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1567.9. D1567.9. Ring brings forth water from dry soil. (Cf. D1076.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1571. D1571. Magic object revivifies trees.

D1571.1. D1571.1. Magic ashes revivify trees. (Cf. D1271.1.) Japanese: Mitford 182.

D1571.2. D1571.2. Presence of a person revivifies trees. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1571.3. D1571.3. Reading from a book makes fallen tree stand up. Chinese: Graham.

D1572. D1572. Magic smoke carries power of saint. (Cf. D1271, V220.) Irish: Plummer clxvi, Cross.

D1573. D1573. Charms to make butter come. (Cf. D1273, D2084.2.5.) Kittredge Witchcraft 169, 487f. nn. 46, 47; Irish myth: Cross; England, Scotland: *Baughman.

D1573.1. D1573.1. Much butter made from little milk by power of saint. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1574. D1574. Line drawn by saint’s bachall separates calves from their mothers. (Cf. D1272.1, D1277.) Irish: Plummer clxxv, *Cross.

D1575. D1575. Magic object does not awaken sleepers.

D1575.1. D1575.1. Hand-of-glory does not awaken sleepers. The hand is lighted as a candle. See references for D1162.2.1.

D1576. D1576. Magic object causes tree to spring up.

D1576.1. D1576.1. Magic song causes tree to rise to sky. Has moon and Great Bear in its branches. (Cf. D1275.) Finnish: Kalevala rune 10.

D1577. D1577. Charm renders magic efficacious.

D1577.1. D1577.1. Charm renders medicinal herbs efficacious. (Cf. D1273, D1500.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 31f., 386, 388, nn. *71, 90; England: Baughman.

D1577.2. D1577.2. Charm renders amulet efficacious. (Cf. D1070, D1273.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 31, 386f. n. 72; England: Baughman.

D1581. D1581. Tasks performed by use of magic object. *Types 576, 577; Christiansen 87; Chinese: Graham.

D1582. D1582. Climbing into air on magic rope. (Cf. D1203.) *BP II 539.

D1583. D1583. Magic carving knife serves twenty-four men at meat simultaneously. (Cf. D1173.) English: Child I 266.

D1584. D1584. Magic object induces dreams.

D1584.1. D1584.1. Charm induces dreams. Penzer VI 76ff.

D1585. D1585. Magic object saves corpse from corruption.

D1585.1. D1585.1. Magic pill saves corpse from corruption. (Cf. D1243.) Chinese: Werner 266.

D1585.2. D1585.2. Magic plant saves cut-off limbs from corruption. (Cf. D965.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1586. D1586. Magic object relieves from plague. Irish myth: Cross.

D1586.1. D1586.1. Magic image of animal relieves from plague (of that animal). (Cf. D1266.2, D1500.2.3.) Liebrecht Germania X (1865) 408, Zur Volkskunde 85 No. 9, 88 No. 2.--Hebrew: I Samuel 6:4--5, *Neuman.

D1586.2. D1586.2. Prayer to Virgin protects against plague. (Cf. V250.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1586.3. D1586.3. Incense relieves from plague. Jewish: Neuman.

D1587. D1587. Magic object expels person from land.

D1587.1. D1587.1. Magic amulet expels person from land. (Cf. D1070.) Africa (Hausa): Mischlich 179ff. No. 24.

D1588. D1588. Magic object assures going to heaven. Irish myth: Cross.

D1588.1. D1588.1. Magic brain assures heaven for man who dies upon it. (Cf. D997.2.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1588.2. D1588.2. Magic cowhide assures heaven for man who dies upon it. (Cf. D1025.5.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1588.3. D1588.3. Magic hymn assures heaven for person who sings it. (Cf. D1275.3.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1591. D1591. Magic spell causes vessel to burst. (Cf. D1273.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1592. D1592. Magic object heats or cools water. (Cf. D1382.)

D1592.1. D1592.1. Magic ring cools boiling water. (Cf. D1076.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1594. D1594. Magic object vitalizes. (Cf. D445.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1594.0.1. D1594.0.1. Liver of deer vitalizes. (Cf. D1015.4.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1594.0.2. D1594.0.2. Vivification by hitting with bone. (Cf. D1013.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1594.1. D1594.1. Magic dust vitalizes seeds and they become insects. (Cf. D935.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1594.2. D1594.2. God‘s blood vitalizes image. (Cf. D1003.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1594.3. D1594.3. Bee in its belly vitalizes tiger. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1594.4. D1594.4. Blood of twelve buffaloes vitalizes tiger. (Cf. D1016.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1594.5. D1594.5. Girl’s blood vitalizes axe and it becomes a tiger. (Cf. D444.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1594.6. D1594.6. Magic whistle gives life to cockroach. (Cf. D1225.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1595. D1595. Magic object provides beautiful bride for hero. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1595.1. D1595.1. Image of love grants man wife. (Cf. D1268.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1599. D1599. Magic object performs services--miscellaneous.

D1599.1. D1599.1. Pillars dance when ogre plays guitar. (Cf. D1234.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1599.2. D1599.2. Air made fragrant with odors of flowers by spell. (Cf. D1273.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1599.3. D1599.3. Magic object multiplies objects. (Cf. D2106.)

D1599.3.1. D1599.3.1. Magic egg multiplies objects. (Cf. D1024.) Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 104f.

D1599.4. D1599.4. Magic object produces house.

D1599.4.1. D1599.4.1. Magic egg produces house. (Cf. D1024.) Africa (Duala): Lederbogen Fable 66.

D1599.5. D1599.5. Magic charm uproots mandrake. (Cf. D1273.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1599.6. D1599.6. Magic dew destroys enemy‘s books. (Cf. D902.2.) Jewish: Neuman.


D1600--D1699. Characteristics of magic objects.



D1600. D1600. Automatic object.

D1601. D1601. Object labors automatically. Irish: Plummer clxxxvi, *Cross.

D1601.1. D1601.1. Magic calabash cooks and cares for child. (Cf. D965.2.) Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 27.

D1601.2. D1601.2. Self-growing and self-gathering corn. (Cf. D965.8.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1601.3. D1601.3. Magic hat works independently. (Cf. D1067.1.) Lkuсgen: Hill-Tout JAI XXXVII 342.

D1601.4. D1601.4. Automatic weapon. (Cf. D1081.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1601.4.1. D1601.4.1. Automatic sword. (Cf. D1081, D1400.1.4.) MacCulloch Childhood 202; Icelandic: Boberg; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 354.

D1601.4.2. D1601.4.2. Automatic spear. (Cf. D1084, D1400.1.7.) Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1601.4.2.1. D1601.4.2.1. Spear rushes out of joking raja’s hand and pierces his visitor‘s chest; it is hungry for blood and has had no food for twelve years. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1601.5. D1601.5. Automatic cudgel. (Cf. D1094.) *Type 563; BP I 349ff.; Aarne JSFO XXVII 1--96 passim; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1601.5.1. D1601.5.1. Stick turns into automatic magic sword. (Cf. D1081.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1601.5.2. D1601.5.2. Automatic hammer kills enemy. (Cf. D1209.4.) Africa (Fang): Trilles Proverbes 202.

D1601.6. D1601.6. Oven heats without fire. (Cf. D1161, D1649.5.) Fb “ovn” II 774a.

D1601.7. D1601.7. Lamp (fire) lights itself. (Cf. D1162, D1275, D1781.) Zs. f. Vksk. VI 70 (to Gonzenbach No. 28); Crane Italian Popular Tales No. 30; India: *Thompson-Balys, Tawney I 567; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 45.

D1601.8. D1601.8. Razor whets itself. (Cf. D1173.1) Africa (Angola): Chatelain 45.

D1601.9. D1601.9. Household articles act at command. (Cf. D1170.) Penzer IV 248.

D1601.9.1. D1601.9.1. Automatic broom. (Cf. D1209.8.) German: Grimm No. 42.

D1601.10. D1601.10. Self-cooking vessel. (Cf. D1171.) Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 196.

D1601.10.1. D1601.10.1. Self-cooking pot. (Cf. D1171.1.) *Type 565; BP II 438; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 220 No. 33.

D1601.10.2. D1601.10.2. Magic cauldron boils a year. (Cf. D1171.2.) Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 110.

D1601.10.2.1. D1601.10.2.1. Magic cauldron boils only enough of its contents to satisfy immediate need. (Cf. D1171.2.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1601.10.3. D1601.10.3. Self-boiling kettle. (Cf. D1171.3.) *Fb “gryde”; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 349 n. 257; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 118, 448, (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 171.

D1601.11. D1601.11. Self-sewing needle. (Cf. D1181.) Fb “synеl” III 710b; Kцhler-Bolte I 187.

D1601.12. D1601.12. Self-cutting shears. (Cf. D1183.) Fb “saks” III 143a; Kцhler-Bolte I 187.--Africa (Angola): Chatelain 45.

D1601.12.1. D1601.12.1. Magic shears clip garments from air. Fb “saks” III 143a.

D1601.13. D1601.13. Self-tying thread. (Cf. D1184.) Kцhler-Bolte I 187.

D1601.13.1. D1601.13.1. Self-weaving threads. (Cf. D1184.) Africa (Bambara): Travйlй 205ff. No. 65.

D1601.13.2. D1601.13.2. Self-fastening line. (Cf. D1272.1.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 216.

D1601.14. D1601.14. Self-chopping axe. (Cf. D1206.) Fb “шkse” III 1171b, “redskab” III 30a; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1601.14.1. D1601.14.1. Magic axe cuts thousands of trees at a single blow. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1601.14.2. D1601.14.2. Magic adze cuts down tree. Marquesas: Handy 70.

D1601.14.3. D1601.14.3. Magic axe cuts off enemy’s head. (Cf. D1080, D1402.) Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 65f., 75.

D1601.15. D1601.15. Automatic shovel. (Cf. D1205.) Fb “redskab” III 30a, “skovl” III 301b.

D1601.16. D1601.16. Self-digging spade. (Cf. D1205.1.) Fb “redskab” III 30a.--S.A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 3.

D1601.16.1. D1601.16.1. Self-digging hoe. (Cf. D1204.) Africa (Hausa): Rattray I 74ff. No. 4, Best Black Folk Tales (New York, 1928) 23ff.; Chinese: Graham.

D1601.17. D1601.17. Automatic whip. (Cf. D1208.) Africa (Benga): Nassau No. 11, (Cameroon): Rosenhuber 52.

D1601.18. D1601.18. Self-playing musical instruments. (Cf. D1210.) Irish myth: *Cross; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 176 No. 25.

D1601.18.0.1. D1601.18.0.1. Magic musical instrument reproduces songs sung in heaven. (Cf. D1210.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1601.18.1. D1601.18.1. Self-ringing bell. (Cf. D1213.) Fb “kirkeklokke”; *Thompson CColl II 348, 358, 363.--English: Wells 97 (Chevalere Assigne), Child I 173, 231, III 235, 244, 519f.; Irish myth: *Cross; U.S.: Baughman.

D1601.18.1.1. D1601.18.1.1. Cleric‘s tongueless bell rings. Irish myth: Cross.

D1601.18.1.2. D1601.18.1.2. Sounding bell silenced by a gesture by a saint. *Loomis White Magic 53.

D1601.18.2. D1601.18.2. Self-playing violin. (Cf. D1233.) Type 577; Christiansen 87; Fb “spille” III 488a; *Loomis White Magic 52.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “violon”; Jewish: Neuman.

D1601.18.3. D1601.18.3. Self-beating drum. (Cf. 1211.) Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 70; Africa (Fang): Trilles 249.

D1601.19. D1601.19. Fetish-medicine automatically punishes. (Cf. D1241.) Africa (Fang): Nassau 243 No. 9.

D1601.20. D1601.20. Self-grinding millstone. (Cf. D1262.) Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 81 No. 13.

D1601.21. D1601.21. Self-grinding mill. Grinds whatever owner wishes. (Cf. D1263, D1470.) Gering Festschrift fьr Eugen Mogk (1925) 37; Fb “kvжrn” II 345b; Irish myth: *Cross (D1601.27).

D1601.21.1. D1601.21.1. Self-grinding salt-mill. (Cf. D1263.) *Type 565; *BP II 439; Fb “kvжrn” II 345b, “salt” III 148b, “hav” I 565b; *Krappe Modern Language Review XIX (1924) 325--334.

D1601.22. D1601.22. Fetish clears forest. (Cf. D1274.) Africa (Benga): Nassau 187 No. 24 version 2.

D1601.23. D1601.23. Ale serves itself. (Cf. D1045.1.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1601.24. D1601.24. Automatic fire tongs. Scotland: Campbell-McKay No. 22.

D1601.25. D1601.25. Self-cooking food.

D1601.25.1. D1601.25.1. Self-cooking fowls. (Cf. D1032.) Africa (Hausa): Tremearne Hausa Superstitions and Customs (London, 1913) 424ff. No. 93.

D1601.25.2. D1601.25.2. Self-cooking fish. (Cf. D1032.1.) German: Grimm No. 42.

D1601.26. D1601.26. Self-pouring horn. (Cf. D1171.6.3.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1601.27. D1601.27. Magic thorns make road through marsh. (Cf. D976.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1601.28. D1601.28. Self-rocking chair. North Carolina: Brown Collection I 640.

D1601.29. D1601.29. Self-playing game-board. (Cf. D1209.7.*) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1601.30. D1601.30. Automatic arrows. (Cf. D1092.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1601.31. D1601.31. Magic towel wipes person. (Cf. D1051.) Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1601.32. D1601.32. Letter delivers self. (Cf. D1266.)

D1601.32.1. D1601.32.1. Letter from captive prince asking for help flies through the air to addressee. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1601.33. D1601.33. Chariot collects flowers by itself. (Cf. D1114.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1601.34. D1601.34. Self-serving spoon. (Cf. D1177.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1601.35. D1601.35. Magic water bottle brings water. (Cf. D1171.8.) Tonga: Gifford 178.

D1601.36. D1601.36. Self-going shoes. (Cf. D1065.2.) Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 230.

D1601.37. D1601.37. Self-opening door. (Cf. D1146.) Africa (Fang): Trilles 249.

D1602. D1602. Self-returning magic object. (Cf. D868.1.) *Plummer clxxxvi; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1602.1. D1602.1. Stones, being removed, return to their places. (Cf. D931, D1401.5.) Irish: Plummer clvii, *Cross; England, Ireland: *Baughman.

D1602.2. D1602.2. Felled tree raises itself again. (Cf. D950.) Type 577; Christiansen 87.--India: Thompson-Balys; Cook Islands: Beckwith Myth 252, 269; Maori: ibid. 265; Quichй: Alexander Lat. Am. 172. Cf. Zulu: Callaway 146.

D1602.2.1. D1602.2.1. Fallen trees upraised at saint’s request. *Loomis White Magic 49; Plummer cliii, *Cross.

D1602.2.2. D1602.2.2. Chips from tree return to their places as cut. (Cf. D950.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1602.3. D1602.3. Self-returning robe. (Cf. D1052.) Jewish: Neuman; N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 303 n. 109; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 277, Holm 94, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 40.

D1602.4. D1602.4. Self-returning moccasins. (Cf. D1005.4.) N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 303 n. 109i.

D1602.5. D1602.5. Self-returning bangle. (Cf. D1075.) Africa (Vai): Ellis 235 No. 36.

D1602.6. D1602.6. Self-returning spear. (Cf. D1084.) Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Gaster Thespis 158; Hindu: Keith 140; Africa (Duala): Lederbogen Mдrchen 138.

D1602.6.1. D1602.6.1. Self-returning spear-head. (Cf. D1084.1.) Irish myth: Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 198f.

D1602.7. D1602.7. Self-returning wheel. (Cf. D1207.) Cherokee: Mooney JAFL I 103.

D1602.8. D1602.8. Saint‘s bell when stolen miraculously returns. (Cf. D1213.) Irish: Plummer clxxvii, Cross.

D1602.8.0.1. D1602.8.0.1. Self-returning bell. (Cf. D1213.) *Loomis White Magic 53; Irish myth: Cross.

D1602.8.1. D1602.8.1. Stolen bell refuses to make a sound. *Loomis White Magic 53.

D1602.9. D1602.9. Saint’s bachall when lost returns. (Cf. D1277.) Irish: Plummer clxxv, Cross.

D1602.10. D1602.10. Self-returning magic book. (Cf. D1266.) *Fb “Cyprianus” I 166b; Kristensen Danske Sagn VI (1900) 97ff.; Irish myth: Cross.

D1602.11. D1602.11. Self-returning magic coin. Keeps coming back. (Cf. D1288.) *Type 745; *Fb “vekseldaler”; *Liebrecht Zur Volkskunde 89; Irish: O‘Suilleabhain 38, Beal XXI 314; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3650.

D1602.12. D1602.12. Self-returning head. When head is cut off it returns to proper place without harm to owner. (Cf. D992.) *Kittredge Gawain 147ff.--Irish myth: *Cross; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1602.12.1. D1602.12.1. Self-returning body. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1602.13. D1602.13. Self-returning cruet. (Cf. D1171.8.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1602.14. D1602.14. Self-returning magic apple. (Cf. D981.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1602.15. D1602.15. Self-returning hammer. (Cf. D1209.4.) Icelandic: Boberg (Mjцllnir).

D1602.16. D1602.16. Arrow shot at bull returns to shooter. (Cf. D1092.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1602.17. D1602.17. Magic object when sold always returns to original owner. (Cf. D1605, D1602.11.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1602.17.1. D1602.17.1. Magic ring when sold returns to original owner. (Cf. D1076.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1602.18. D1602.18. Magic object given away returns to giver. S. A. Indian: Mйtraux RMLP XXXIII 178.

D1602.19. D1602.19. Equipment of slain hunter returns alone. (Cf. D1170.) Eskimo Greenland): Rink 262, Rasmussen I 131.

D1605. D1605. Magic thieving object. Steals for master. (Cf. D1602.17.)

D1605.1. D1605.1. Magic thieving pot. Boy sells pot to neighbors and when they have put things into it the pot returns to the boy. (Cf. D1171.1.) Type 591.

D1605.2. D1605.2. Magic bag sucks milk from cows. It is commanded by a witch. (Cf. D1193, D2083.3.) Kittredge Witchcraft 165, 483 nn. 14--16.--England: Baughman.

D1605.3. D1605.3. Magic thieving glove. (Cf. D1066.) Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 95, Rasmussen I 103.

D1606. D1606. Magic objects automatically keep out of reach. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 264, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 622, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 183.

D1609. D1609. Automatic magic objects--miscellaneous.

D1609.1. D1609.1. Drum flies about room. (Cf. D1211.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 451, Rasmussen I 100.

D1609.2. D1609.2. Self-generated flame. (Cf. D1276.) Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 502.

D1610. D1610. Magic speaking objects. *Gьnter 242 s.v. “redend”; *Fb “tale” III 766a; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 269 No. 81; Cape Verde Islands: Parsons MAFLS XV (1) 326 No. 111; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 97, (West Hudson Bay): Boas BAM XV 313.

D1610.0.1. D1610.0.1. Magic powder makes objects speak what owner wants them to. (Cf. D1246.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1610.1. D1610.1. Speaking sink-hole. (Cf. D933.) Fb “grшft”.

D1610.2. D1610.2. Speaking tree. (Cf. D950, D1317.20.) Kцhler Aufsдtze 19ff.; Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1610.2.0.1. D1610.2.0.1. Tree asks to be shaken. Fb “trж” III 867b, and references in D1658.1.5.

D1610.2.1. D1610.2.1. Speaking oak. (Cf. D950.2.) Greek: Fox 109 (oak at Dodona).

D1610.2.2. D1610.2.2. Speaking bush. (Cf. D964.) Moreno Esdras.

D1610.3. D1610.3. Speaking plant. (Cf. D965, F815.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1610.3.1. D1610.3.1. Speaking gourd. (Cf. D965.2.) Africa (Benga): Nassau 213 No. 33.

D1610.3.2. D1610.3.2. Speaking bean. (Cf. D983.1.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “fиve”.

D1610.3.3. D1610.3.3. Speaking pouka-herb. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1610.3.4. D1610.3.4. Speaking egg-plant. (Cf. D983.5.) Africa (Luba): DeClerq Zs. f. Kolonialsprachen IV 226.

D1610.4. D1610.4. Speaking flower. (Cf. D975.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1610.4.1. D1610.4.1. Speaking lotus flower. (Cf. D975.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1610.5. D1610.5. Speaking head. (Cf. D992.) *Kittredge Gawain 177ff.; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “tкte”; Icelandic: *Boberg (Mimir); Irish myth: *Cross; German: Grimm No. 42; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1610.5.1. D1610.5.1. Magic speaking tongue. Irish myth: Cross.

D1610.6. D1610.6. Speaking privates. Man given advice by his private parts. (Cf. D998.) N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 296 n. 83a, (Calif.): Gayton and Newman 84.

D1610.6.1. D1610.6.1. Speaking vulva. Man has power to make vulvas speak. This is used as a chastity test. *Taylor MLN XXXI (1916) 249 n. 2; Von der Hagen III *v, 17; Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1610.6.2. D1610.6.2. Mentula loquens. A man‘s member speaks and can be silenced only by his mother-in-law. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 296 n. 83b.

D1610.6.3. D1610.6.3. Speaking buttocks. (Cf. D999, D1317.1.) N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 296 n. 83.

D1610.6.4. D1610.6.4. Speaking excrements. (Cf. D1022, D1026.) S. A. Indian (Mataco, Amazon, Guiana, Tembй): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 122; Africa (Nigeria): Herskovits JAFL XLIV 466 No. 7. See also many references to D1611.

D1610.7. D1610.7. Speaking loin of goat meat. (Cf. D1032.) Africa (Benga): Nassau 227 No. 34.

D1610.8. D1610.8. Speaking ring. (Cf. D1076.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bague”; English Romance: Bevis of Hampton, line 2320.

D1610.9. D1610.9. Speaking weapon. (Cf. D1080.)

D1610.9.1. D1610.9.1. Speaking sword. (Cf. D1081.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1610.9.1.1. D1610.9.1.1. Sword shrieks when it feels the bone. Icelandic: Hrolfs saga Kraka 100, Boberg.

D1610.9.2. D1610.9.2. Speaking arrow. (Cf. D1092.) Hawaii: Dixon 75.

D1610.9.3. D1610.9.3. Speaking spear. (Cf. D1084.) Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 102.

D1610.10. D1610.10. Speaking fruit. (Cf. D981.)

D1610.10.1. D1610.10.1. Speaking grapes. (Cf. D981.8.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1610.10.2. D1610.10.2. Speaking bananas. (Cf. D981.13.) Easter Island: Mйtraux Ethnology 375.

D1610.10.3. D1610.10.3. Speaking fig. (Cf. D981.5.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1610.11. D1610.11. Speaking ship. (Cf. D1123.) Fb “skib” III 243a; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 109 n. 4; English: Child IV 376--80, V 275f.; Irish: O’Suilleabhain 33, Beal XXI 311.

D1610.12. D1610.12. Speaking stove. (Cf. D1161.) Fb “ovn” II 774a.

D1610.13. D1610.13. Speaking dish. (Cf. D1172.) English: Child I 126.

D1610.13.1. D1610.13.1. Speaking kettle. (Cf. D1171.3.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 75.

D1610.13.2. D1610.13.2. Speaking jar. (Cf. D1171.7.) Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 192.

D1610.14. D1610.14. Speaking implement.

D1610.14.1. D1610.14.1. Speaking hoe. (Cf. D1204.) Africa (Zulu): Callaway 363.

D1610.14.2. D1610.14.2. Speaking axe. (Cf. D1206.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1610.14.3. D1610.14.3. Speaking hammer. (Cf. D1209.4.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1610.15. D1610.15. Speaking bell. (Cf. D1213.)

D1610.15.1. D1610.15.1. Church bell speaks. (Cf. V115.) Fb “kirkeklokke” II 130a; *Sartori Das Buch von deutschen Glocken (Berlin, 1932).

D1610.15.2. D1610.15.2. Saint‘s bell speaks. Irish: Plummer clxxvi, Cross.

D1610.16. D1610.16. Blood speaks. (Cf. D1003, D1318.5.) *Chauvin V 13 No. 8.

D1610.16.1. D1610.16.1. Speaking blood drops. (Cf. D1003.) German: Grimm Nos. 56, 89.

D1610.17. D1610.17. Speaking bed. (Cf. D1154.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1610.17.1. D1610.17.1. Legs of bedstead talk. (Cf. D1154.1.1.) India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1610.18. D1610.18. Speaking rock (stone). (Cf. D931.) Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.

D1610.19. D1610.19. Earth speaks. (Cf. D935, D1318.16.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1610.19.1. D1610.19.1. Speaking island. (Cf. D936.) Marquesas: Handy 128.

D1610.20. D1610.20. Speaking crozier. (Cf. D1277.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1610.21. D1610.21. Speaking image. (Cf. D1266.)

D1610.21.1. D1610.21.1. Image of the Virgin Mary speaks. (Cf. V250.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1610.21.2. D1610.21.2. Speaking idol. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1610.22. D1610.22. Speaking nut. (Cf. D985.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1610.23. D1610.23. Speaking muirlan (ball). (Cf. D1256.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1610.24. D1610.24. Speaking armor. (Cf. D1101.)

D1610.24.1. D1610.24.1. Magic shield roars. (Cf. D1101.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1610.24.2. D1610.24.2. Helmet shrieks. (Cf. D1101.4.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1610.25. D1610.25. Magic drinking horn with a man’s head speaks. (Cf. D1171.6.3.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1610.26. D1610.26. Speaking clothes. (Cf. D1050.)

D1610.26.1. D1610.26.1. Speaking cloak. (Cf. D1053.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1610.26.2. D1610.26.2. Speaking hat. (Cf. D1067.1.) Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 48.

D1610.27. D1610.27. Speaking jewel. (Cf. D1071.)

D1610.27.1. D1610.27.1. Speaking necklace. (Cf. D1073.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1610.27.2. D1610.27.2. Voice issues from ruby. (Cf. D1071.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1610.27.3. D1610.27.3. Diamond speaks from inside statue. (Cf. D1071.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1610.28. D1610.28. Speaking ball of thread. (Cf. D1256.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1610.29. D1610.29. Speaking eggs. (Cf. D1024.) India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Duala): Lederbogen Mдrchen 84.

D1610.30. D1610.30. Speaking timber. (Cf. D956.) Greek: Grote I 214, 229; Jewish: Neuman.

D1610.30.1. D1610.30.1. Speaking house-post. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/276).

D1610.31. D1610.31. Speaking food. (Cf. D1030.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1610.31.1. D1610.31.1. Speaking porridge. (Cf. D1033.) Chinese: Graham.

D1610.31.2. D1610.31.2. Speaking bread. (Cf. 1031.1.) German: Grimm No. 24.

D1610.32. D1610.32. Transformed bird reveals its identity by speaking out. (Cf. D150.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1610.33. D1610.33. Speaking cliffs (Cf. D938, D932.8.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1610.34. D1610.34. Speaking musical instrument. (Cf. D1210.)

D1610.34.1. D1610.34.1. Fiddle made from wood secret has been confided to reveals it. (Cf. D1233.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1610.34.2. D1610.34.2. Speaking flute. (Cf. D1223.1.) Philippine: Cole 152.

D1610.34.3. D1610.34.3. Speaking Jew‘s harp. (Cf. D1239.) Philippine: Cole 163.

D1610.35. D1610.35. Speaking river. (Cf. D915.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1610.36. D1610.36. Speaking water. (Cf. D1242.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1611. D1611. Magic object answers for fugitive. Left behind to impersonate fugitive and delay pursuit. *Type 313; *Aarne Die Magische Flucht (FFC XCIII); *BP II 527; *Fb “spytte” III 515a; India: Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda; Indonesian: Dixon 85 n. *91, 225 n. 32; Melanesian, Maori: ibid. 85 n. 91; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 331 n. 196.

D1611.1. D1611.1. Magic rosebush answers for fugitives. (Cf. D965.3.) BP II 527.

D1611.2. D1611.2. Magic hair answers for fugitive. (Cf. D991.) *BP II 527; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 129ff.

D1611.3. D1611.3. Magic cow-dung answers for fugitive. (Cf. D1026.2.) BP II 527.

D1611.4. D1611.4. Magic beans answer for fugitive. (Cf. D983.1.) BP II 527.

D1611.5. D1611.5. Magic spittle impersonates fugitives. (Cf. D1001.) *BP II 527; *Fb “spytte” III 515a.--Jamaica: *Beckwith MAFLS XVII 263 No. 67; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 331 n. 196a.

D1611.6. D1611.6. Magic blood-drops impersonate fugitive. (Cf. D1003.) Fb “blod” IV 47b.

D1611.7. D1611.7. Magic clothes answer for fugitive. (Cf. D1050.) BP II 527; Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 12.

D1611.8. D1611.8. Magic cakes answer for fugitive. (Cf. D1031.2.) BP II 527.

D1611.9. D1611.9. Magic household articles answer for fugitive. (Cf. D1170.) BP II 527.

D1611.10. D1611.10. Magic awl answers for fugitive. (Cf. D1187.) BP II 527.

D1611.11. D1611.11. Magic doll answers for fugitive. (Cf. D1268.) BP II 527; Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 33.

D1611.12. D1611.12. Magic stick of wood answers for fugitive. (Cf. D1254.) BP 527.

D1611.12.1. D1611.12.1. Magic log answers for fugitive. (Cf. D956.) Koryak: Jochelson JE VI 206.

D1611.13. D1611.13. Magic louse answers for fugitive. Indonesian: Dixon 229.

B100--B199. Magic animals.

D1611.14. D1611.14. Magic apple answers for fugitives. (Cf. D981.1.) MacCulloch Childhood 193; Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s. v. “Apfel” n. 23.

D1611.15. D1611.15. Magic echo answers for fugitive. Calif. Indian: Gayton and Newman 92.

D1611.16. D1611.16. Magic writings on stone cause corpse to answer for absent man. (Cf. D1266.1.) Icelandic: FSS 38, Boberg.

D1611.17. D1611.17. Magic bone answers for fugitive. (Cf. D1007.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1611.18. D1611.18. Magic buckle answers for fugitive. (Cf. D1070.) Eskimo (West Hudson Bay): Boas BAM XV 318.

D1612. D1612. Tell-tale magic objects.

D1612.1. D1612.1. Magic objects betray fugitive. Give alarm when fugitive escapes. Wesselski Theorie 34; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 331 n. 196b.

D1612.1.1. D1612.1.1. Horns call out when girl tries to escape. (Cf. D1011.1.) Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 160 No. 23.

D1612.1.2. D1612.1.2. Banana tree tells who cut its branches. (Cf. D950.) Easter Island: Mйtraux Ethnologie 364.

D1612.1.3. D1612.1.3. Fetish betrays fugitive. (Cf. D1241.) Africa (Fang): Trilles 160.

D1612.2. D1612.2. Magic object compels fugitive to betray himself.

D1612.2.1. D1612.2.1. Magic ring compels would-be fugitive to keep calling out, “Here I am”. (Cf. D1076.) BP III 372.

D1612.3. D1612.3. Hiding place speaks and betrays hider. *Beckwith MAFLS XVII 247 No. 23.

D1612.4. D1612.4. Magic object tells where it is hidden. MacCulloch Childhood 195f.

D1612.4.1. D1612.4.1. Magic cloth tells where it is hidden. (Cf. D1051.) Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 226.

D1612.5. D1612.5. Magic object raises alarm when stolen. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1612.5.1. D1612.5.1. Magic shirt tells owner when it is stolen. (Cf. D1056.) *Beckwith MAFLS XVII 241 No. 15.

D1612.5.2. D1612.5.2. Magic harp gives alarm when it is stolen. (Cf. D1231.) Japanese: Anesaki 229.

D1612.6. D1612.6. Magic object gives alarm when touched.

D1612.6.1. D1612.6.1. Singing tree when touched wakes master. (Cf. D950, D1615.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1612.6.2. D1612.6.2. Arrows shake when master is disturbed. (Cf. D1092.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 105.

D1613. D1613. Magic object helps overawe captor.

D1613.1. D1613.1. Magic fish talk so that ogre thinks hero has many brothers with him. (Cf. B175.) German New Guinea: Dixon 134.

D1615. D1615. Magic singing object.

D1615.1. D1615.1. Singing tree. (Cf. D950.) *Type 707; *BP II 380ff.; Fb “trж” III 867a; Chauvin VII 98 No. 375; Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 120, *Cross.

D1615.2. D1615.2. Magic musical branch. (Cf. D954, F811.6.) Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 114f., *Cross.

D1615.3. D1615.3. Singing apple. (Cf. D981.) *Kцhler-Bolte I 143; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “pomme”.

D1615.4. D1615.4. Singing water. (Cf. D1242.1.) *Type 707; *BP II 380; Kцhler-Bolte I 118; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1615.5. D1615.5. Singing snowshoes. (Cf. D1065.3.) Menomini: Skinner JAFL XXVII 98.

D1615.6. D1615.6. Singing rice-pot. (Cf. D1171.1.) Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 348.

D1615.7. D1615.7. Singing head. (Cf. D992.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1615.8. D1615.8. Headless body sings. Irish myth: Cross.

D1615.9. D1615.9. Singing heavens and earth. Jewish: Neuman.

D1617. D1617. Magic laughing object.

D1617.1. D1617.1. Magic laughing stone. (Cf. D930.) Chinese: Graham.

D1618. D1618. Magic weeping object.

D1618.1. D1618.1. Magic weeping waters. (Cf. D910.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1618.2. D1618.2. Magic weeping stone. (Cf. D931.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1618.3. D1618.3. Magic weeping altar. (Cf. D1166.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1618.4. D1618.4. Weapons weep as warning to master. (Cf. D1080.) Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 43.

D1619. D1619. Miscellaneous speaking objects.

D1619.1. D1619.1. Speaking beans rebuke wife for misdeed. (Cf. D983.1.) Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 124 No. 1374A.

D1619.2. D1619.2. Eaten object speaks from inside person’s body.

D1619.2.1. D1619.2.1. Eaten magic dog howls from eater‘s belly. *Wesselski Theorie 34f; New Zealand: Dixon 86.

D1619.2.2. D1619.2.2. Eaten goat bleats from eater’s stomach. (Cf. D1032.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1619.3. D1619.3. Fruits that laugh or cry. Chauvin VII 56 No. 77.

D1620. D1620. Magic automata. Statues or images that act as if alive. (Cf. D1523.2.8.) **A. Chapuis and Ed. Gйlis Le monde des automates (2 vols. Paris 1928); *E. Faral Recherches sur les sources latines des contes et romans courtois du moyen age (Paris, 1913) 328ff.; *M Hallauer Das wunderbare Element in den Chansons de Geste (Basel diss., 1918); *Dickson 193 n. 75, 197 n. 80; *Baum PMLA XXXIV 533; *Liebrecht 88; **Bruce Human Automata in Classical Tradition and Mediaeval Romance (MPh X 511); *Penzer III 56ff., 212 n. 1, IX 9 n., 149; *Reinhard PMLA XXXVIII 436 n. 41; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1620.0.1. D1620.0.1. Automatic doll. (Cf. D1268.) BP II 527.--Hindu: Tawney I 257.

D1620.0.1.1. D1620.0.1.1. Automatic gold-spinning doll. Italian: Basile introduction.

D1620.0.1.2. D1620.0.1.2. Automatic singing doll. (Cf. D1615.) Italian: Basile introduction.

D1620.1. D1620.1. Automatic statue of man. Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 230f.

D1620.1.1. D1620.1.1. Automatic statue of trumpeter. Jones PMLA XXIII 563.

D1620.1.2. D1620.1.2. Automatic statue of horseman. Chauvin V 200 No. 117.

D1620.1.3. D1620.1.3. Smith forges iron man, who helps him. Fb “jжrn” IV 249b.

D1620.1.4. D1620.1.4. Statue of Virgin sews for suppliant. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 100 No. 849B.

D1620.1.5. D1620.1.5. Magic statue of archer.

D1620.1.5.1. D1620.1.5.1. Magic statue of archer put into action my picking up precious object from ground. Oesterley No. 107.

D1620.1.6. D1620.1.6. Magic statue of man labors for owner. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 236.

D1620.1.6.1. D1620.1.6.1. Magic statue of man fights for master. Jewish: Neuman; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 428.

D1620.1.7. D1620.1.7. Speaking statue of man. (Cf. D1610.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1620.2. D1620.2. Automatic statue of animal. Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1620.2.1. D1620.2.1. Automatic statue of horse. (Cf. D1626.1.) Chauvin V 200 No. 117; Jones PMLA XXIII 563; *Kцhler-Bolte I 412.--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1620.2.2. D1620.2.2. Automatic hen and chickens of gold. Jones PMLA XXIII 563.--Italian: Basile introduction.

D1620.2.2.1. D1620.2.2.1. Silver cock, sitting on a flower, crows. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1620.2.3. D1620.2.3. Deer of gold and jewels possessing life. Penzer IX 9 n. 1, 28ff.

D1620.2.3.1. D1620.2.3.1. Magic journey on back of flying golden deer. (Cf. D1520.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1620.2.4. D1620.2.4. Automatic statue of lion. Jewish: Gaster Exempla 209 No. 115, Neuman.

D1620.2.5. D1620.2.5. Automatic figures on harp--birds, serpents, hounds. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1620.2.6. D1620.2.6. Automatic metal (jewel) fish. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1620.2.7. D1620.2.7. Plough of gold and yoke of gold and pair of bullocks used by hero tills as much land as lies within a village boundary in one day. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1620.2.8. D1620.2.8. Automatic statue of dog. Jewish: Neuman.

D1620.2.9. D1620.2.9. Automatic brazen serpent. Jewish: Neuman.

D1620.3. D1620.3. Other automatic constructions.

D1620.3.1. D1620.3.1. Two automatic giants fight until separated. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1620.3.2. D1620.3.2. Magic carpenter constructs bed and stool that can become big or small, luxurious or otherwise. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1621. D1621. Image renders judgments. *Chauvin VIII 191 No. 229.

D1622. D1622. Image indicates favor to suppliant. (Cf. D1639.3, V120.) *BP III 475.

D1622.1. D1622.1. Crucifix bows as sign of favor. Ward II 665 No. 24; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 692; Alphabet No. 495; Loomis White Magic 124; English: Wells 177 (A Legend of the Crucifix); Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 100 No. 849A.

D1622.2. D1622.2. Image of Virgin bows to indicate favor. Herbert III *26, 340; Crane Vitry 263 No. 296.--English: Child I 365b.

D1622.3. D1622.3. Saint’s image lets golden shoe (ring) fall as sign of favor to suppliant. *Wesselski Erlesenes 64ff.; BP III 242.

D1623. D1623. Image dresses self. (Cf. D1268, V120.)

D1623.1. D1623.1. Image of Virgin veils and unveils itself. Ward II 616 No. 37; *Crane Miraculis 106 No. 43.

D1624. D1624. Image bleeds. Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 459.

D1624.1. D1624.1. Image of Christ bleeds from thrown stone. *Ward II 630 No. 24, 671; *Herbert III 364 No. 159; *Loomis White Magic 123f.

D1624.2. D1624.2. Wounds of crucifix bleed. Irish myth: Cross; Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D1625. D1625. Statue weeps. *Loomis White Magic 124; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 329 No. 41.

D1625.1. D1625.1. Statue sheds tears of blood. (Cf. D1624.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1626. D1626. Image flies through air. Jewish: Neuman.

D1626.1. D1626.1. Artificial flying horse. (Cf. D1620.2.1.) *Jones PMLA XXIII 563; *Clouston Magical Elements in Squire‘s Tale (Chaucer Soc. Pub. 2d Ser. No. 26) 279ff. passim; Dickson 217; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1627. D1627. Dancing automata. (Cf. D1646.) *Liebrecht 90.

D1627.1. D1627.1. Instrument’s ornamental figures climb down and run about as harper plays. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1628. D1628. City populated by wooden automata. Penzer III 58f., 281ff.

D1631. D1631. Images of animals ridden (driven). Norse: MacCulloch Eddic 109 (Frey).

D1632. D1632. Images open and close eyes. *Saintyves Les rйliques et les images lйgendaires (Paris 1912) 84ff.; ibid. Les images qui ouvrent et ferment les yeux (Revue de psychothйrapie XXV 316--324).

D1633. D1633. Image eats or drinks.

D1633.1. D1633.1. Idol drinks up milk. (Cf. D1268.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1635. D1635. Golem. Automatic statue animated by insertion of written magic formula into an opening. *Penzer III 59; Jewish: Neuman.

D1639. D1639. Automata: other motifs.

D1639.1. D1639.1. Automata as door-keepers. Penzer IX 149; *Dickson 197 n. 84.

D1639.2. D1639.2. Image of Virgin saves painter. Stretches forth hand and keeps him from falling. Ward II 628 No. 17; *Wesselski Mцnchslatein 162 No. 124; Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D1639.3. D1639.3. Images at church turn backs as mark of disfavor. Done when abandoned woman or merman enters. (Cf. B82, D1622.) English: Child I 231, 365a.

D1639.4. D1639.4. Statue laughs and reveals crime. *Bolte Reise der Sцhne Giaffers 216; Penzer VII 211.

D1639.5. D1639.5. Calf of gold moves. Irish myth: Cross.

D1639.6. D1639.6. Carved image jumps at maker‘s command. Easter Island: Mйtraux Ethnology 262.

D1640. D1640. Other automatic objects.

D1641. D1641. Object removes itself. Irish myth: Cross.

D1641.1. D1641.1. Fountain (well) removes itself. (Cf. D925, D926, D927, D941.) Irish: Plummer cli, *Cross (D1641.1, D1641.13); Jewish: Neuman.

D1641.2. D1641.2. Stones remove themselves. (Cf. D931.) Fb “sten” III 553a; Irish: O’Suilleabhain 85, Beal XXI 328, *Cross; England: *Baughman; Jewish: Neuman.

D1641.2.1. D1641.2.1. Saint‘s flagstone follows him. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1641.2.2. D1641.2.2. Mountain moved by prayer so as to make room for church. (Cf. D932.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1641.2.3. D1641.2.3. Stone moves at cock-crow. (Cf. E452, N555.1.) England: *Baughman.

D1641.2.4. D1641.2.4. Stone moves at midnight. England: *Baughman.

D1641.2.5. D1641.2.5. Stones go down to stream to drink. England: Baughman.

D1641.3. D1641.3. Stove runs over hill. (Cf. D1161.) Fb “ovn” II 774a.

D1641.4. D1641.4. Forest cleared by magic. (Cf. D950.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1641.5. D1641.5. Muirlan (ball) removes itself. (Cf. D1256.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1641.6. D1641.6. Branch leaps from hand to hand. (Cf. D954.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1641.7. D1641.7. Severed head moves from place to place. (Cf. D992.) Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1641.7.1. D1641.7.1. Self-rolling head. Jewish: Neuman.

D1641.8. D1641.8. Grave removes itself. (Cf. D1299.2.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1641.9. D1641.9. Magic cross removes itself. (Cf. D1299.3.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1641.10. D1641.10. Magic fire removes itself. (Cf. D1271.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1641.11. D1641.11. Sacred scroll returns to heaven. (Cf. D1266.1, V151.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1641.11.1. D1641.11.1. Magic book removes itself. (Cf. D1266.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1641.12. D1641.12. Lake removes itself. (Cf. D921.) Irish myth: *Cross; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3605; Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 75 No. 243; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 135 No. 89.

D1641.12.1. D1641.12.1. Lake is drunk dry. Irish myth: Cross.

D1641.13. D1641.13. Coffin moves itself. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 122.

D1641.14. D1641.14. Jewelry intended by groom for prospective bride strangely disappears and a slip of paper alone is left in box. (Cf. D1071.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1641.14.1. D1641.14.1. Ruby shatters into half-dozen pieces when it is acquired by greedy lapidary. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1641.15. D1641.15. Lotus disappears whenever anyone tries to pluck it. (Cf. D975.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1641.16. D1641.16. Bananas run and hide when stone is thrown at them. (Cf. D981.13.) Easter Island: Mйtraux Ethnology 375.

D1642. D1642. Self-folding object.

D1642.1. D1642.1. Self-folding bridge prevents pursuit. (Cf. D1268.) Type 313.

D1643. D1643. Object travels by itself. (Cf. D1641.)

D1643.1. D1643.1. Stick of fire comes to river bank of itself. (Cf. D1271.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1643.2. D1643.2. Rock travels. (Cf. D931) Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1643.3. D1643.3. Magic island moves about as owner wishes. (Cf. D936.) Cook Islands: Beckwith Myth 467.

D1643.4. D1643.4. Magic pipe travels about. (Cf. D1224.) Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 540.

D1645. D1645. Self-luminous objects. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1645.1. D1645.1. Incandescent jewel. (Cf. D1071.) *Chauvin V 4 No. 443; *Penzer III 167; *Reinhard PMLA XXXVIII 434 n. 32; *Cosquin indiens 246ff.; Fb “edelsten”; *Boje 81; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas@2 I 217, 375, Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 274.

D1645.2. D1645.2. Incandescent cup. (Cf. D1171.6.) Irish myth: *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 203 (Grail).

D1645.3. D1645.3. Magic castle shines from afar. (Cf. D1131, F771.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “chвteau”; *Fb “slot” III 377a.

D1645.4. D1645.4. Incandescent sword. (Cf. D1081, D1645.8.4.) Malone PMLA XLIII 433; Irish myth: Cross.

D1645.5. D1645.5. Magic dazzling shield. (Cf. D1101.1.) Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 67 No. 508A*.

D1645.6. D1645.6. Self-luminous feather. (Cf. D1021.) Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Baum bewacht”.

D1645.7. D1645.7. Self-luminous artificial boar. (Cf. D1620.2.) Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 109.

D1645.8. D1645.8. Magic flaming arms. (Cf. D1080.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1645.8.1. D1645.8.1. Magic flaming spear. (Cf. D1084.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1645.8.1.1. D1645.8.1.1. Flaming spear must be cooled in noxious blood. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1645.8.2. D1645.8.2. Magic flaming shield. (Cf. D1101.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1645.8.3. D1645.8.3. Magic flaming lance. (Cf. D1086, D1645.8.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1645.8.4. D1645.8.4. Magic flaming sword. (Cf. D1081, D1645.4.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1645.9. D1645.9. Well shines at night. (Cf. D926.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1645.10. D1645.10. Man‘s body emits light. Chinese: Graham.

D1645.11. D1645.11. Extraordinary flower; rays of golden light fall from it. (Cf. D975.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1646. D1646. Magic dancing object. (Cf. D1627.)

D1646.1. D1646.1. Dancing apple. (Cf. D981.) *Kцhler-Bolte I 118; cf. Type 707.

D1646.2. D1646.2. Dancing water. (Cf. D1242.1.) *Kцhler-Bolte I 143; cf. Type 707; Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1646.3. D1646.3. Dancing kettle. (Cf. D1171.3.) Japanese: Mitford 175ff.

D1646.4. D1646.4. Dancing stones. (Cf. D931.) England, Wales: Baughman (D1641.2.5).

D1647. D1647. Fountain magically dries up. (Cf. D925.) Irish: Plummer cli, *Cross.

D1647.1. D1647.1. Water vanishes from water hole when man tries to drink. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 180.

D1648. D1648. Magic object bows before certain person.

D1648.1. D1648.1. Tree bends to certain person. (Cf. D950.) N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 391 No. 70; India: Thompson-Balys; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 100.

D1648.1.1. D1648.1.1. Tree bends only to heroine. *Type 511; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1648.1.2. D1648.1.2. Tree (forest) bows down to holy person (saint). Dh II 30ff.; Irish: *Cross, O’Suilleabhain 108, Beal XXI 334; Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D1648.1.2.1. D1648.1.2.1. Tree bows to help Virgin Mary in childbirth. (Cf. V250.) *Dh II 10; Irish: O‘Suilleabhain 1(a), Beal XXI 304.

D1648.1.2.2. D1648.1.2.2. Twig of a tree bows down and releases a bag with relics when the man makes a promise. *Loomis White Magic 129f.

D1648.2. D1648.2. Flower bends only to certain person. (Cf. D975.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1648.3. D1648.3. Stones prostrate themselves before certain persons. (Cf. D931.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1649. D1649. Miscellaneous automatic objects.

D1649.1. D1649.1. Magic object keeps falling down.

D1649.1.1. D1649.1.1. Magic elk’s head keeps falling down. (Cf. D1011.) N. A. Indian (Tillamook): Boas JAFL XI 135.

D1649.1.2. D1649.1.2. Magic birds keep falling off perch. *Type 313; Thompson River: Thompson CColl II 372.

D1649.2. D1649.2. Magic object comes at owner‘s call. (Cf. D1651.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1649.2.1. D1649.2.1. Harp comes at owner’s call. (Cf. D1231.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1649.3. D1649.3. Stones for heating water heated automatically in other world. (Cf. D931.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1649.4. D1649.4. Dung and wood burst into flames of their own accord. (Cf. D956, D1026.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1649.5. D1649.5. Magic crystals automatically heat for cooking. (Cf. D1601.6.) Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 972.

D1649.6. D1649.6. Objects rebel against their owners. American Indian (Maya, Andes, Chiriguano): Mйtraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 484.

D1649.7. D1649.7. Magic wood stick makes noise at night. (Cf. D956.) Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 151.

D1650. D1650. Other characteristics of magic objects.

D1651. D1651. Magic object obeys master alone. *Type 565; Penzer III 40.--Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas@2 III 21, *Neuman; N. A. Indian (Micmac): Rand 34 No. 6 (Iroquois): Smith RBAE II 95, (Thompson River): Teit MAFLS VI 31, (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 264 No. 50.

D1651.1. D1651.1. Only master is able to bend bow. (Cf. D1091.) Greek: Fox 139 (Odysseus.)

D1651.1.1. D1651.1.1. Spear can be wielded by only one person. (Cf. D1084.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1651.2. D1651.2. Magic cudgel works only for master. (Cf. D1094.) *Type 563; *BP I 349ff.; *Aarne JSFO XXVII 1--96 passim; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 9.

D1651.3. D1651.3. Magic cooking-pot obeys only master. (Cf. D1601.10.1, D1171.1.) *Type 565; *BP II 438ff.; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *568.

D1651.4. D1651.4. Inexhaustible pitcher stops pouring only at owner‘s command. (Cf. D1171.4, D1652.) Penzer V 3 n. 1.

D1651.5. D1651.5. Dead beggar’s stick will not stay still until back in beggar‘s service. (Cf. D1254.) Fb “kjжp”.

D1651.6. D1651.6. Oracular image refuses information except to hero. (Cf. D1311.7.) Dickson 194.

D1651.7. D1651.7. Magic musical instrument plays only for owner. (Cf. D1210.) Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 176 No. 25.

D1651.7.1. D1651.7.1. Magic harp plays only for owner. (Cf. D1231.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1651.7.2. D1651.7.2. Magic wishing-drum works only for owner. (Cf. D1211.) Africa (Benga): Nassau 113 No. 11.

D1651.7.3. D1651.7.3. Magic flageolet stolen but loses its magic power. (Cf. D1224.1.) Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 75 No. 594*.

D1651.8. D1651.8. Door will open only for hero. (Cf. D1146.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1651.9. D1651.9. Bonds cannot be loosed save by man who tied them. Irish myth: Cross.

D1651.9.1. D1651.9.1. Bonds can be loosed only by comrades of man who tied them. Irish myth: Cross.

D1651.10. D1651.10. Apple (or ball) containing man‘s soul can be split only by man’s own sword. (Cf. D981.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1651.11. D1651.11. Stolen gun works only for master. (Cf. D838, D1096.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1651.12. D1651.12. Box can be opened only by right person. (Cf. D1170.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1651.13. D1651.13. Jewel responds to owner‘s voice. (Cf. D1070.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1651.14. D1651.14. Magic clock flies only at owner’s command. Easter Island: Mйtraux Ethnology 367.

D1652. D1652. Inexhaustible object. Keeps magically renewing itself or expanding. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “inйpuisables”.

D1652.0.1. D1652.0.1. Magic object causes thing to become inexhaustible. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 107.

D1652.1. D1652.1. Inexhaustible food. (Cf. D1030, and in general D1470--D1499.) Fb “tшnde” III 934b; Irish: *Cross, Plummer clxxxiv; India: *Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Anesaki 315; Java: Dixon 209; Philippine: ibid. 221ff.; Melanesia: ibid. 224 n. 28; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 335 n. 210, (Calif.): Gayton and Newman 70, 100.

D1652.1.0.1. D1652.1.0.1. Miraculous increasing of small quantity of victuals or drinks to feed a great number of people. *Loomis White Magic 86.

D1652.1.1. D1652.1.1. Inexhaustible bread. (Cf. D1031.1.) *Saintyves Йssais 231ff.; *Fb “brшd” IV 74b; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “pain”; England: Baughman; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys. Cf. Mark 6:41ff.

D1652.1.2. D1652.1.2. Cake magically increases. (Cf. D1031.2.) Type 751.

D1652.1.3. D1652.1.3. Inexhaustible grain. India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1652.1.3.1. D1652.1.3.1. Inexhaustible rice. Rice cooked from a single kernel. (Cf. D1033.1.) Chinese: Graham; Indonesian: DeVries‘ list No. 206.

D1652.1.3.2. D1652.1.3.2. Inexhaustible corn. (Cf. D965.8.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1652.1.3.3. D1652.1.3.3. Inexhaustible wheat. (Cf. D1033.2.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1652.1.4. D1652.1.4. Ever-renewing cheese. (Cf. D1036.1.) Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 318 No. 3, 321 No. 59.

D1652.1.5. D1652.1.5. Inexhaustible chestnut. (Cf. D1035.1.) N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 148, 187, 199, 503.

D1652.1.6. D1652.1.6. Inexhaustible coconut. (Cf. D1035.2.) Leper‘s Island: Dixon 127.

D1652.1.7. D1652.1.7. Inexhaustible fruit.

D1652.1.7.1. D1652.1.7.1. Inexhaustible apple. (Cf. D981.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1652.1.7.2. D1652.1.7.2. Magic banana skin always full of fruit. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 493.

D1652.1.8. D1652.1.8. Magic pill on which one feeds self for years. (Cf. D1243.) *Chauvin VIII 133 No. 126.

D1652.1.9. D1652.1.9. Inexhaustible meat. (Cf. D1032.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1652.1.9.1. D1652.1.9.1. Inexhaustible pig. (Cf. B184.3.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1652. D1652. Inexhaustible boar’s flesh. Danish: Grundtvig Gamle danske Minder I (1854) No. 248; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 313, Boberg.

D1652.1.9.2. D1652.1.9.2. Inexhaustible sheep. Jewish: Neuman.

D1652.1.10. D1652.1.10. Inexhaustible fish. Irish myth: Cross; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 20.

D1652.1.10.1. D1652.1.10.1. Loaves and fishes, eaten at night, restored next morning through power of saint. Irish myth: Cross.

D1652.2. D1652.2. Inexhaustible drink. (Cf. D1040, D1472.1.16.) *Fb “drikke”. Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 310 No. 30; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1652.3. D1652.3. Inexhaustible milk. (Cf. D1018.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1652.3.1. D1652.3.1. Cow with inexhaustible milk. Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1652.3.2. D1652.3.2. Goat with inexhaustible milk. Norse: MacCulloch Eddic 313f.

D1652.4. D1652.4. Magic gun is always loaded. (Cf. D1096.1.) Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 49 No. 330.

D1652.5. D1652.5. Inexhaustible vessel. (Cf. D1171.) *BP I 361; *Aarne JSFO XXVII 1--96 passim; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: *Thompson-Balys. See also all references to motifs D1470--D1475, as indicated below.

D1652.5.1. D1652.5.1. Magic goblet (cup) cannot be filled. (Cf. D1171.6.2, D1472.1.14.) Irish myth: Cross; England: Baughman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1652.5.2. D1652.5.2. Inexhaustible barrel. (Cf. D1171.9.) England, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1652.5.3. D1652.5.3. Inexhaustible measure (for meal or flour). Canada, Scotland, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1652.5.4. D1652.5.4. Inexhaustible pitcher. (Cf. D1171.4.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1652.5.4.1. D1652.5.4.1. Inexhaustible pitcher of milk. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1652.5.5. D1652.5.5. Inexhaustible vase of bonbons. (Cf. D1171.7.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1652.5.6. D1652.5.6. Inexhaustible bowl. (Cf. 1170.) Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 1026; Korean: Zong in-Sob 43.

D1652.5.7. D1652.5.7. Inexhaustible pot. (Cf. D1171.1.) Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 849, 969, II 656.

D1652.5.8. D1652.5.8. Inexhaustible food basket. (Cf. D1171.11.) Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 414.

D1652.5.9. D1652.5.9. Inexhaustible food bag. (Cf. D1193.) Africa (Fang): Tessman 157f.

D1652.5.10. D1652.5.10. Inexhaustible rice-stores. (Cf. D1033.1.) Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 934.

D1652.5.11. D1652.5.11. Inexhaustible meal sack. (Cf. D1193.) U.S.: *Baughman.

D1652.6. D1652.6. Ever-burning lamp. (Cf. D1162.1, D1645.) Chauvin V 4 No. 443; Jewish: Gaster Exempla 220 No. 163, *Neuman; Fb “lys” II 483a.

D1652.7. D1652.7. Unfading garlands. (Cf. D975.) Penzer I 100, II 22ff., IX 53 n. 2; Irish myth: Cross.

D1652.8. D1652.8. Inexhaustible cloth. (Cf. D1051, D1052, D1652.12.) Irish: Plummer clxxxiv, *Cross; Japanese: Anesaki 315.

D1652.9. D1652.9. Monkey cut in two by magic sword becomes two monkeys. (Cf. D1081.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1652.10. D1652.10. Inexhaustible fuel. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1652.10.1. D1652.10.1. Inexhaustible firewood. (Cf. D1298.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1652.11. D1652.11. Ever-burning candle. (Cf. D1162.2.) Irish myth: Cross; *Loomis White Magic 32f., 87.

D1652.12. D1652.12. Mantle ever new. (Cf. D1053.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1652.13. D1652.13. Everlasting wine-odor. (Cf. D1046.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1652.14. D1652.14. Sheep with inexhaustible wool. (Cf. B184.6, B412.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1652.15. D1652.15. Inexhaustible well. (Cf. D926.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1652.15.1. D1652.15.1. Inexhaustible spring. (Cf. D927.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1652.15.2. D1652.15.2. Inexhaustible water-hole. (Cf. D928.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 180.

D1652.16. D1652.16. Lime (for building church) miraculously renewed by power of saint. Irish myth. Cross.

D1652.17. D1652.17. Inexhaustible horn. (Cf. D1171.6.3.) Cox 473.

D1652.18. D1652.18. Inexhaustible larder. U.S.: Baughman.

D1652.19. D1652.19. Inexhaustible human liver. (Cf. D1003.) Greek: Grote I 74 (Prometheus).

D1652.20. D1652.20. Inexhaustible sacrificial blood. (Cf. D1003.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1653. D1653. Infallible article.

D1653.1. D1653.1. Infallible weapon. *Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 2.

D1653.1.1. D1653.1.1. Infallible sword. (Cf. D1081.) Penzer I 109 n. 1, VI 72 n. 1, VIII 154 n. 2; *Thien 30; *Fb “svжrd” III 690a; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 191, 198; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 67 No. 508A*; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 10.

D1653.1.1.1. D1653.1.1.1. Sword causes a man‘s death every time it is drawn. Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 267 (Dainslef), 268 (Tyrfing), *Boberg.

D1653.1.2. D1653.1.2. Unerring spear. (Cf. D1084.) Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Greek: Fox 72 (Procris); Hindu: Keith 140.

D1653.1.2.1. D1653.1.2.1. Gloves make spear-cast infallible. (Cf. D1066.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1653.1.3. D1653.1.3. Infallible sling. (Cf. D1087.) Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 90.

D1653.1.4. D1653.1.4. Unerring bow. Always hits mark. (Cf. D1091). Type 592.

D1653.1.5. D1653.1.5. Unerring arrow. (Cf. D1092.) Icelandic: Anssaga Bogsveigis 327; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “flиches”; Greek: Fox 84, 131; India: *Thompson-Balys; Calif. Indian: Gayton and Newman 70.

D1653.1.6. D1653.1.6. Unerring stone missile. (Cf. D1093.) S. A. Indian (Fuegian): Alexander Lat. Am. 340.

D1653.1.7. D1653.1.7. Infallible gun. (Cf. D1096.1.) Types *304, *594; *Fb “skyde” III 345b, “bшsse” IV 86b; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “fusil”.

D1653.1.8. D1653.1.8. Magic mirror as infallible weapon. (Cf. D1080, D1163.) Chinese: Werner 161.

D1653.1.9. D1653.1.9. Infallible dagger. (Cf. D1083.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1653.2. D1653.2. Infallible fish-hook. (Cf. D1209.5.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1654. D1654. Immovable object. *Fb “tung” III 893a; *Irish myth: Cross.

D1654.0.1. D1654.0.1. Magic immovability of saints (or their possessions). *Toldo Studien zur vgl. Littgsch. IV 83; Loomis White Magic 56f.; Irish myth: Cross.

D1654.0.2. D1654.0.2. Magic stone, hitting object, renders it immovable. (Cf. D931.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1654.1. D1654.1. Stone (rock) refuses to be moved. (Cf. D931.) *Fb “sten” III 553a; Irish: Plummer clvii, Cross; England, Ireland, Wales: *Baughman; Jewish: Neuman; Aztec: Alexander Lat. Am. 118.

D1654.1.1. D1654.1.1. Immovable stone moved by saint. (Cf. D930.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1654.1.1.1. D1654.1.1.1. Stone rolls off well-top after saint has prayed. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1654.2. D1654.2. Immovable apples. (Cf. C981.1.) Fb “жble” III 1135b.

D1654.3. D1654.3. Indelible blood. (Cf. D1003.) *Type 312; BP I 404ff.; *Fb “blod” IV 48b.

D1654.3.1. D1654.3.1. Indelible mark. *Loomis White Magic 119.

D1654.3.1.1. D1654.3.1.1. Indelible writing: the scraped word found written as before. (Cf. D1266.1.) *Loomis White Magic 85.

D1654.4. D1654.4. Immovable weapon.

D1654.4.1. D1654.4.1. Sword can be moved only by right person. (Cf. D1081.) *Fb “svжrd” III 690b.--Icelandic: Boberg.

D1654.4.1.1. D1654.4.1.1. Sword can only be used by strong hero. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1654.4.2. D1654.4.2. Arrow can be moved only by owner. (Cf. D1092.) Seneca: Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 318 No. 58, 514 No. 109.

D1654.4.3. D1654.4.3. Lance imbedded in earth cannot be moved. (Cf. D1086.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1654.4.4. D1654.4.4. Magic spear cannot be pulled out of ground. (Cf. D1084.) India: *Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 136.

D1654.4.5. D1654.4.5. Dagger sticks to killer’s hand. (Cf. D1083.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1654.5. D1654.5. Wagon refuses to move. (Cf. D1113.) *Fb “vogn” III 1078a.; Irish myth: Cross.

D1654.5.1. D1654.5.1. Chariot refuses to move. (Cf. D1114.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1654.6. D1654.6. Ship refuses to move. (Cf. D1123.) Type 425; Tegethoff 13; *Fb “skib” III 242b; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 101 n. 3, 109 n. 4; India: *Thompson-Balys; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1654.7. D1654.7. Statues that cannot be removed. (Cf. D1268.) Basset RTP XXVI 22 and succeeding numbers.

D1654.8. D1654.8. Picture that cannot be removed in ship. (Cf. D1266.2, D1654.6.) *Fb “skib” III 242b, “tung” III 893a.

D1654.8.1. D1654.8.1. Sacred image impossible to remove from the spot. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1654.9. D1654.9. Corpse in coffin refuses to be moved in wagon. (Cf. D1654.5, E272.1, E411.0.3.) *Fb “ligkiste” II 421b, “tung” III 893a, “vogn” III 1078a, “hest” I 599b.; U.S.: Baughman; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1654.9.1. D1654.9.1. Corpse cannot be moved. Irish myth: Cross.

D1654.10. D1654.10. Bell refuses to be moved. (Cf. D1213.) Fb “tung” III 893a; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 72 No. 607.

D1654.10.1. D1654.10.1. Bell sunk in sea can be raised only under certain conditions. Norlind Skattsдgner 60; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 73 No. 614; England: *Baughman.

D1654.11. D1654.11. Paper in hand which none but king can remove. (Cf. D1266.1.) Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 86 No. 754*B.

D1654.12. D1654.12. Horse magically becomes immovable. (Cf. B181.) Wesselski Bebel II 80 No. 179.

D1654.13. D1654.13. Woman can be lifted only by her lover. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1654.14. D1654.14. Severed head cannot be moved from helmet. (Cf. D992.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1654.15. D1654.15. Door stuck by witchcraft so that it cannot be opened. (Cf. D1146.) England, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1654.16. D1654.16. Pot cannot be lifted. (Cf. D1171.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1654.17. D1654.17. Throne of goddess‘ idol is lifted only after goat has been sacrificed. (Cf. D1156.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1655. D1655. Invisible objects. (Cf. D1981.3; F235.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1655.1. D1655.1. Invisible weapons. (Cf. D1080.) Hindu: Keith 152.

D1655.1.1. D1655.1.1. Invisible arrows. (Cf. D1092.) Visible to one person alone. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 356 n. 287b.

D1656. D1656. Incombustible objects. (Cf. D1841.3; D2158.2; F979.5.) Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “incombustible”.

D1656.1. D1656.1. Incombustible book. (Cf. D1266.) Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 297 No. 29.

D1656.2. D1656.2. Incombustible house (dwelling). (Cf. F222.1.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1657. D1657. Untiring object.

D1657.1. D1657.1. Magic untiring breeches. (Cf. D1055.) *Fb “bukser” IV 77b.

D1658. D1658. Grateful objects. *Type 480, 510, BP I 207 ff., *227; *Toldo Studien zur vgl. Littgsch. VIII 48ff., 60ff.

D1658.1. D1658.1. Objects repay kindness. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *314C; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1658.1.1. D1658.1.1. River grateful for being praised even when ugly. (Cf. D915.) Sicilian: Gonzenbach I 99 No. 15.

D1658.1.2. D1658.1.2. Figs grateful for being praised even when ill-tasting. (Cf. D981.5.) Type 480; *Kцhler-Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. VI 63 (to Gonzenbach No. 13).

D1658.1.3. D1658.1.3. Bitter water grateful for being praised. (Cf. D1242.1.) Type 480; *Kцhler-Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. VI 63 (to Gonzenbach No. 13).

D1658.1.4. D1658.1.4. Continually slamming doors grateful for being fastened. (Cf. D1146.) Type 480; *Kцhler-Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. VI 63 (to Gonzenbach No. 13).

D1658.1.5. D1658.1.5. Apple-tree grateful for being shaken. (Cf. D950, D1610.2.0.1.) *Type 480, 510; *BP I 208ff., 227; Fb “trж” III 867b; Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Baum”.

D1658.1.5.1. D1658.1.5.1. Tree grateful for having boughs trimmed. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1658.1.5.2. D1658.1.5.2. Tree grateful for having milk poured on roots. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1658.1.6. D1658.1.6. River grateful for being given color. Africa (Tim): Frobenius Atlantis XI 184ff. No. 7.

D1658.2. D1658.2. Kinds of grateful objects. (See also D1658.1.)

D1658.2.1. D1658.2.1. Grateful stove. (Cf. D1161.) BP I 227 n. 1.

D1658.2.2. D1658.2.2. Grateful carpets. (Cf. D1155.) BP I 227 n. 1.

D1658.2.3. D1658.2.3. Grateful plant. Japanese: Anesaki 337.

D1658.3. D1658.3. Services of grateful objects.

D1658.3.1. D1658.3.1. Grateful objects give advice. (Cf. D1312.) BP I 227.

D1658.3.2. D1658.3.2. Grateful objects help in choice of caskets. BP I 227.

D1658.3.3. D1658.3.3. Grateful objects give helper gifts. BP I 227.

D1658.3.4. D1658.3.4. Grateful objects help fugitive. (Cf. D1393, D1611.) BP I 227.

D1661. D1661. Magic object cannot be replaced.

D1661.1. D1661.1. Talking statue, when destroyed, cannot be replaced for thirty thousand years. (Cf. D1268, D1620.) Dickson 214.

D1662. D1662. Magic object works by being stroked.

D1662.1. D1662.1. Magic ring works by being stroked. (Cf. D1076.) *Type 560; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “bague”; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1662.1.1. D1662.1.1. Magic ring works by having sun’s rays flash upon gem. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1662.2. D1662.2. Magic lamp works by being stroked. (Cf. D1162.1.) *Type 561; *BP II 544f.

D1662.3. D1662.3. Diamond works by being pressed. (Cf. D1070.) French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule.

D1663. D1663. Magic object works in contrary fashions. Irish myth: Cross.

D1663.1. D1663.1. Wands of life and death. Pointed with one end, kill; with the other, resuscitate. (Cf. D1254.1, D1402.10.) MacCulloch Childhood 205; N. A. Indian (Bella Coola): Boas JE I 54, (Chilcotin): Farrand JE II 44 No. 30.

D1663.1.1. D1663.1.1. Magic club kills and revives. (Cf. D1094.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1663.2. D1663.2. Ointment cures left cheek, not right. (Cf. D1244.) Chinese: Werner 281.

D1663.3. D1663.3. Well of life and death. Situated on one hand, kills; on the other, protects against disease. (Cf. E82.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1663.4. D1663.4. Fountains poison and cure. One, with bronze vessel, tastes sweet and poisons; other, with iron vessel, tastes bitter and cures. Irish myth: Cross.

D1663.5. D1663.5. Well rises or sinks to indicate long or short life. (Cf. D926.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1663.6. D1663.6. Magic tree gives money to good brother, poisonous animals to bad. (Cf. D950.) Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 46.

D1664. D1664. Summer and winter garden. Garden which blooms in winter. (Cf. D961.) *BP II 232; Kцhler-Bolte I 215f.--N. A. Indian (Tsimshian): Boas RBAE XXXI 182.

D1665. D1665. Food has taste of any dainty desired. (Cf. D1030, D1359.4.) Irish: Plummer clxxxv, *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 824, 930.

D1665.1. D1665.1. Drink has taste of any liquor desired. (Cf. D1040.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1665.2. D1665.2. Cow whose milk “tastes of honey and intoxicating wine and the satisfaction of good food.” (Cf. B19.2, B182, F241.2.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1665.3. D1665.3. Fruit has any taste desired. (Cf. D980.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1665.4. D1665.4. Manna tastes bitter to gentiles. (Cf. D1031.0.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1666. D1666. Sword leaves no trace of blow behind it. (Cf. D1081, D1564.7, F833.) Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 65, Cross.

D1667. D1667. Magic garden grows at once. (Cf. D961.) Africa (Benga): Nassau 216 No. 33.

D1667.1. D1667.1. Magic tree shoots forth leaf, flower, and fruit at once. (Cf. D950.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1667.2. D1667.2. Magic acorns grow at once. (Cf. D985.4.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1667.3. D1667.3. Million-fold rice which ripens in one night. (Cf. D965.8.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1667.4. D1667.4. Garden that has not bloomed for twelve years does so when girl steps into it. (Cf. D961.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1668. D1668. Magic tree continually in fruit. (Cf. D950.) Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 120, *Cross.

D1671. D1671. Silver in chain increases in fire. (Cf. D1078.) English: Wells 97 (Chevalere Assigne).

D1672. D1672. Unquenchable fire. (Cf. D1271.) Fb “ild” II 10a; Jewish: *Neuman.

D1672.0.1. D1672.0.1. Magic fire burns for seven years. (Cf. D1271.) Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1672.1. D1672.1. Flaming shield unquenchable. (Cf. D1101.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1672.2. D1672.2. Self-burning bush. (Cf. D964.) Jewish: *Neuman.

D1673. D1673. Magic staff blossoms. (Cf. D1254.)

D1673.1. D1673.1. Tree grows from stick saint has used and thrown aside. (Cf. D956.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1674. D1674. Iron blessed by saint incapable of wounding. (Cf. D1080, V220.) *Loomis White Magic 105; Irish: Plummer clxxxv, *Cross.

D1675. D1675. Garden wall that cannot be overleapt. Malone PMLA XLIII 401.

D1676. D1676. Mill refuses to work on Sunday. (Cf. D1263.) Irish: Plummer clxxxvi, *Cross.

D1676.1. D1676.1. Manna does not fall on Sabbath. (Cf. D1031.0.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1677. D1677. Mill refuses to work when saint is ill-treated. (Cf. D1263.) Irish: Plummer clxxxvi, Cross.

D1678. D1678. Magic book, once used, compels person to do evil. (Cf. D1266.) *Fb “Cyprianus”.

D1681. D1681. Charm incorrectly uttered will not work. Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 84 No. 746.

D1682. D1682. Magic jewel which outweighs many heavy objects in the scale. (Cf. D1071.) *Hertz Abhandlungen 73ff.

D1683. D1683. Hearth cleaned by angel always free of ashes. (Cf. D1147, V230.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1684. D1684. Dye blessed by saint colors animals, trees. (Cf. D1297, V220.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1685. D1685. Interred body of saint performs signs and miracles. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1686. D1686. Magic object departs and returns at formulistic command. Irish myth: Cross.

D1687. D1687. Object magically becomes heavy. *Loomis White Magic 49; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1688. D1688. Marvelous post wears down at top instead of rotting from bottom. (Cf. D956, D1250.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1691. D1691. Magic suspension of weight. *Loomis White Magic 49.

D1691.1. D1691.1. Huge load easily carried by a saint. (Cf. V220.) *Loomis White Magic 48.

D1692. D1692. Cloak (and shirt) fit person of any size. (Cf. D1053, D1056.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1693. D1693. Magic rod swallows other rods. (Cf. D1254.2.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1694. D1694. Sword that cannot be magically dulled. (See D2086.1.) Icelandic: Gцngu-Hrуlfs saga 354, Bуsa saga p. lxvi, *Boberg.



D1700. D1700. Magic powers. *Kittredge Witchcraft passim; Fb “kunst” II 331; Penzer VIII 36ff., 46ff., 79, 100n.; E. E. Evans-Prichard Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic among the Azande (Oxford, 1937); M. Summers Witchcraft and Black Magic (London, 1946); *Arne Runeberg Witches, Demons and Fertility Magic (Helsinki, 1947); *E. M. Butler Ritual Magic (Cambridge, Eng., 1949); Loomis White Magic; *Tibbals Elements of Magic in the Romance of William of Palerne (MPh I (1903) 355ff.); *Easter A Study of Magic Elements in the Romans d‘Aventure (Dissertation, Baltimore 1906).--Estonian: *Loorits Grundzьge; Japanese: Anesaki 274.


D1710--D1799. Possession and means of employment of magic powers.

D1710. D1710. Possession of magic powers. (Cf. D800.) Hdwb. d. Mдrchens II “Gegenzauber”; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1711. D1711. Magician. (Cf. D1721.) *Type 325; Dickson 121 n. 64; *Finnur Jуnsson “Um galdra, seieth, seiethmenn og vцlur,” thyjбr ritgjцrethir (Kшbenhavn, 1892) 5--28; *Seligmann 6f.; *Penzer IV 39 n. 1, 46ff.; *Fb “klog mand” II 187; Malone PMLA XLIII 400.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 299, *Boberg; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 57ff. Nos. 128--159; Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 50ff. Nos. 90--119; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 162.

D1711.0.1. D1711.0.1. Magician‘s apprentice. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1711.0.2. D1711.0.2. Magician keeps magic power in tumor in back. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1711.0.3. D1711.0.3. Means of becoming magician. Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 92, 94.

D1711.1. D1711.1. Biblical worthy as magician.

D1711.1.1. D1711.1.1. Solomon as master of magicians. **G. Weil Biblische Legenden der Musselmдnner (Frankfurt, 1845); *C. C. MacCown Journal of the Palestine Oriental Society II (1922) 1--24; **C. Singer Salomosagen in Deutschland (Zs. f. deutsches Altertum XXXV (1891) 177ff.); *E. A. W. Budge The Queen of Sheba (London, 1922); *M. D. Conway Solomon and Solomonic Literature (Chicago, 1900); St. John D. Seymour Tales of King Solomon (Oxford, 1924); *H. A. Winkler Salomo und die Karina: eine orientalische Legende von der Bezwingung einer Kindbettdдmonin (Stuttgart, 1931); *Fb “Salomon” III 146b; Jewish: Neuman.

D1711.1.2. D1711.1.2. Esau as magician. Jewish: Neuman.

D1711.1.3. D1711.1.3. Baalam as master of magicians. Jewish: Neuman.

D1711.2. D1711.2. Virgil as magician. **D. Comparetti Virgilio nel medio evo@2 (Florence, 1896) (Eng. trans. by E. F. M. Benecke, London, 1895); *Chauvin VIII 188ff. No. 228; *Penzer I 24 n. 1; *C. G. Leland Unpublished Legends of Virgil (London, 1899); *Otto Sцhring Romanische Forschungen XII (1900) 580ff.; *Hertel Verzauberte Oertlichkeiten; J. D. Bruce MPh X (1913) 511ff.; **John W. Spargo Virgil the Necromancer (Cambridge, Mass., 1934).

D1711.3. D1711.3. Sun as magician. Chinese: Werner 361.

D1711.4. D1711.4. Druid as magician. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1711.5. D1711.5. Fairy as magician. (Cf. F234.0.2.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1711.6. D1711.6. God or demigod as magician.

D1711.6.1. D1711.6.1. Odin as magician. Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 45ff., 296; Herrmann Saxo Gr. II 239ff., *Boberg.

D1711.6.2. D1711.6.2. Aesculapius as magician. Jewish: Neuman.

D1711.7. D1711.7. King as magician. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1711.7.1. D1711.7.1. Pharaoh as magician. Jewish: Neuman.

D1711.8. D1711.8. Strong man as magician. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1711.9. D1711.9. Dark-haired people (with bowed nose) as magicians. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1711.10. D1711.10. People of certain place as magicians.

D1711.10.1. D1711.10.1. Finns as magicians. Icelandic: Herrmann Saxo II 372, *Boberg.

D1711.10.2. D1711.10.2. People of Gestrikland (Sweden) as magicians. Icelandic: Gцngu-Hrуlfs saga 240.

D1711.10.3. D1711.10.3. Egyptians as magicians. Jewish: Neuman.

D1711.10.4. D1711.10.4. People of Palmyra as magicians. Jewish: Neuman.

D1711.10.5. D1711.10.5. Amonites as magicians. Jewish: Neuman.

D1711.10.6. D1711.10.6. Amalekites as magicians. Jewish: Neuman.

D1711.11. D1711.11. Family of magicians.

D1711.11.1. D1711.11.1. Baalam‘s family as magicians. Jewish: Neuman.

D1711.12. D1711.12. People who come on ship with sickness accused as magicians. Icelandic: Flateyjarbуk III 435, Boberg.

D1711.13. D1711.13. Reptile-men cure snake bites, and can summon together snakes (or mice) and lead them away anywhere. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3666.

D1712. D1712. Soothsayer (diviner, oracle, etc.). (Cf. M301.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 383ff. nn. 61, 62; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 299, *Boberg; England: Baughman; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 138 No. 104; Finnish: Aarne FFC XXXIII 48; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 349; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 254; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 57 No. 2, 139 No. 13, (Congo): Weeks 202 No. 1.

D1712.0.1. D1712.0.1. Astrologer-magician. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1712.1. D1712.1. Soothsayer at work by various methods of divination. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3667; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1712.2. D1712.2. Blind man as soothsayer. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1712.3. D1712.3. Interpreter of dreams. Jewish: Neuman.

D1713. D1713. Magic power of hermit (saint, yogi). (Cf. P426.2.) **Loomis White Magic; *Plummer passim; Dickson 121 n. 66; Penzer VI 201ff., VII 73, 113f.; *Barry JAFL XXVIII 195; **Toldo Studien zur vgl. Littgsch. I-IX passim; Gьnter; Irish: *Cross, Beal. XXI 328, O‘Suilleabhain 85; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys (D1711.14, D1711.16.); Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 210, 286. See V220 for cross-references concerning magic powers of saints.

D1714. D1714. Magic power of person without sin. Irish myth: *Cross (D1716).

D1714.1. D1714.1. Magic power of chaste woman. Penzer I 166, III 171 n. 1; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1714.1.1. D1714.1.1. Chaste maiden at prayer vanishes from would-be ravisher‘s embrace. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1715. D1715. Magic power of dying man’s words. *Type 960; BP II 531; Krappe Science 216--217.--Icelandic: Vцlsunga saga ch. 33 (31).

D1715.1. D1715.1. Magic last wish at death becomes a reality (reincarnation). India: Thompson-Balys.

D1715.2. D1715.2. Dying peasant summons greedy bishop for heavenly funeral; the bishop dies hearing the message. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1715.3. D1715.3. Dying man commands cloud to bear message to man‘s wife. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1716. D1716. Magic power of the infirm.

D1716.1. D1716.1. Magic power of the idiot. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 111.

D1716.2. D1716.2. Magic power of the lame. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 99.

D1716.3. D1716.3. Magic power of sterile woman. Jewish: Neuman.

D1717. D1717. Magic power of children. Jewish: Neuman.

D1717.1. D1717.1. Magic power of monster child. *Type 708; U.S.: Baughman.

D1718. D1718. Special location of magic powers.

D1718.1. D1718.1. Magic power contained in stick and water. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1719. D1719. Possession of magic powers--miscellaneous.

D1719.1. D1719.1. Contest in magic. (Cf. H1573.3.) Type 325.--Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 327 n. 182; Eskimo (Greenland): Thalbitzer 7, Rasmussen II 334; S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 139, (Chiriguano): Mйtraux BBAE CXLIII 3 484.

D1719.1.1. D1719.1.1. Contest in magic between druid and saint. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1719.1.2. D1719.1.2. Contest between druid and fairy personage. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1719.1.3. D1719.1.3. Magic contest, magician and giant: magician would make a dog‘s tail crooked, the giant would straighten it--and so on, ad infinitum. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1719.1.4. D1719.1.4. Contest between carpenter and son to race wooden horses they had both made. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1719.2. D1719.2. Magic wisdom possessed by wild man. (Cf. F567.) Dickson 120 n. 62; *Handwb. d. Abergl. IX Nachtrдge 968f.

D1719.3. D1719.3. Magic power of superhuman race. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1719.4. D1719.4. Magic wisdom possessed by extraordinary companion. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1719.5. D1719.5. Magic power of fairy. (Cf. A1611.10.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1719.6. D1719.6. Magic power of holy cross. (Cf. V86.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1719.7. D1719.7. Magic power of mermaid. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1719.8. D1719.8. Man has magic servants who plow for him; he swallows them each day and keeps them secret. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1719.9. D1719.9. Magic power at certain time.

D1719.9.1. D1719.9.1. Magic power only at night. Jewish: Neuman.

D1719.9.2. D1719.9.2. Magic power at Passover. Jewish: Neuman.

D1719.10. D1719.10. Magic power only under certain conditions.

D1719.10.1. D1719.10.1. Magic power only when magician’s feet touch ground. Jewish: Neuman.

D1719.11. D1719.11. Limited amount of magic in world.

D1719.11.1. D1719.11.1. Only ten measures of magic allotted to world. Jewish: Neuman.

D1720. D1720. Acquisition of magic powers. (Cf. D810.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 461, Rasmussen II 222, III 111.

D1720.1. D1720.1. Man given power of wishing. Fb “шnske” III 1179a; Irish myth: Cross; Italian: Rotunda, Basile Pentamerone I No. 3; India: *Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 453, Holm 25.

D1720.1.1. D1720.1.1. Devil gives man power of wishing. England: *Baughman.

D1720.2. D1720.2. Man receives divine “possession” (becomes a diviner). India: Thompson-Balys.

D1721. D1721. Magic power from magician. *Type 325; *Chauvin II 151 No. 11; *Fb. “sorte skole” III 469a.--Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 49, 296; English: Wells 43 (Arthour and Merlin); Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 49 No. 87; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 383.

D1721.0.1. D1721.0.1. Magic power from donning magician’s clothes. (Cf. D1052.) N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 131 No. 20.

D1721.0.2. D1721.0.2. Magic power obtained secretly from magician‘s friends. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1721.1. D1721.1. Magic power from devil. Kittredge Witchcraft 45, 399 n. 175; Dickson 213 n. 145.--Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 47 No. 325*A.

D1721.1.1. D1721.1.1. Magic arts learned in hell. Irish myth: *Cross (D1738).

D1721.1.2. D1721.1.2. Magic power from demon. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 51.

D1721.1.3. D1721.1.3. Spirit gives man the power of exorcising him out of anyone he possesses. (Cf. D2176.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1721.1.4. D1721.1.4. Magic power from rakshasi. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1721.2. D1721.2. Magic power acquired by eating fish which have eaten dead magician’s flesh. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1721.3. D1721.3. Magician blows magic into disciples‘ ears. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1721.4. D1721.4. Disciples drink magician’s urine. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1721.5. D1721.5. Magician‘s disciples eat magic iron. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1721.6. D1721.6. Magician’s disciples acquire magic powers by study. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1722. D1722. Magic power from saint. (Cf. D1713, V223.4.1.) Irish: Plummer clxxxv, Cross.

D1722.1. D1722.1. Magic power from prophet. Jewish: Neuman.

D1723. D1723. Magic power from fairy. Type 403; Irish myth: Cross; Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 251; Italian: Basile Pentamerone. I No. 3, Rotunda.

D1724. D1724. Magic power from Death. Death as godfather. (Cf. D1725.1.) *Type 332; *BP I 377ff.--Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1725. D1725. Magic power obtained from angels. Jewish: Neuman, Penzer VI 63.

D1725.1. D1725.1. Magic power from Angel of Death (Cf. 1724.). Jewish: Neuman.

D1726. D1726. Magic power from deity. Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Grote I 105; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1726.0.1. D1726.0.1. Soothsaying learned from a god. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1726.1. D1726.1. Magic power from celestial maiden. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1726.2. D1726.2. Magic power from stone idol. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1727. D1727. Magic power learned from giant (as foster-father). Icelandic: Bбrdar saga Snжfellsбss ch. 2 (ed. Vigfъsson 1860) 2, Boberg.

D1728. D1728. Magic power from superhuman race. (Cf. D1719.3.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1731. D1731. Magic power received in dream. Dickson 188; Jewish: Neuman; Calif. Indian: Gayton and Newman 58; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 134.

D1731.1. D1731.1. Song learned in dream. (Cf. D1275.) See story of Caedmon in Bede’s Ecclesiastical History, as well as numerous biblical stories of “inspiration”; *Kittredge Witchcraft 222, 529 n. 89.--Pawnee: Dorsey CI LIX 241ff. Nos. 77--116 passim.

D1731.2. D1731.2. Marvels seen in dreams. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1731.2.1. D1731.2.1. Fairy seen in dream. (Cf. F471.2, K2035.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1731.2.2. D1731.2.2. All nature composed of food in vision. (Cf. V514, X1503.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1731.3. D1731.3. (Dream of) rock-casting contest. (Cf. A966.1, D931.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1732. D1732. Magic power obtained by meditation. Penzer VI 2.

D1733. D1733. Acts producing magic power.

D1733.1. D1733.1. Magic power by jumping into fire. Africa (Mpongwe): Nassau 76 No. 15.

D1733.2. D1733.2. Magic power by crawling through ear of magic horse. (Cf. B181.) Kцhler-Bolte I 406.

D1733.3. D1733.3. Magic power through ascetic practices. Penzer IV 46, V 109; India: *Thompson-Balys.

D1733.3.1. D1733.3.1. Magic power by fasting. (Cf. G224.16, P623.) Kittredge Witchcraft 128, 450f. nn. 26--27 passim; Irish myth: *Cross; England: Baughman.

D1733.3.1.1. D1733.3.1.1. Oracular twigs work only if man has fasted. (Cf. D1311.4.0.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1733.4. D1733.4. Magic power by sitting in certain seat. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1733.5. D1733.5. Magic power from swooning. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 400.

D1733.6. D1733.6. Magic power by magic songs. Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 299.

D1734. D1734. Magic powers from rubbing. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 219, 455.

D1734.1. D1734.1. Magic power by rubbing talisman. *Type 561.

D1735. D1735. Magic powers from swallowing.

D1735.1. D1735.1. Magic powers from swallowing a straw. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 158.

D1735.2. D1735.2. Language acquired by swallowing its written characters. Jewish: Neuman.

D1735.3. D1735.3. Magic powers from swallowing magic drink. (Cf. D1040.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 453.

D1735.4. D1735.4. Possession of magic knowledge and witchcraft from having eaten of father-of-man‘s corpse. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1736. D1736. Magic power from great piety. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1736.1. D1736.1. Magic power acquired by sacrificing. (Cf. D1766.2.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1737. D1737. Magic power inherited. Irish myth: Cross.

D1737.1. D1737.1. Magic power from mother. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Corpus Poeticum Boreale I 93.

D1738. D1738. Magic arts studied. Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Graham.

D1739. D1739. Acquisition of magic power--miscellaneous.

D1739.1. D1739.1. Magic power from overheard talk of spirits. Jewish: Neuman.

D1739.2. D1739.2. Magic power from heavenly voice. Jewish: Neuman.

D1740. D1740. Loss of magic power.

D1741. D1741. Magic powers lost.

D1741.1. D1741.1. Magic power lost in sleep. Penzer VIII 25 n. 2.

D1741.2. D1741.2. Magic power lost with loss of blood. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1741.2.1. D1741.2.1. Drawing witch’s blood annuls her spells. (Cf. G271.4.4., G273.6.) Kittredge Witchcraft 47, *399f. nn. 190, 191; *Fb “blod” IV 47b.

D1741.3. D1741.3. Silence under punishment breaks power of enchantment. Fb “prygle” II 881.

D1741.4. D1741.4. Magic powers fail because of lack of faith in them. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1741.5. D1741.5. Magic power lost by being frightened. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1741.6. D1741.6. Loss of magic power through incest. (Cf. Q242.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1741.7. D1741.7. Saint causes loss of magic power. Irish myth: Cross.

D1741.8. D1741.8. Sorcerer’s power lost when his teeth are knocked out. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1741.9. D1741.9. Conjurer‘s power lost by eating magic food. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 423.

D1745. D1745. Magic power rendered ineffective.

D1745.1. D1745.1. Magic power not effective on men born on certain day. Jewish: Neuman.

D1745.2. D1745.2. Magic power rendered ineffective by pious deeds. Jewish: Neuman.

D1749. D1749. Loss of magic power--miscellaneous.

D1749.1. D1749.1. Sorceress to lose her magic power as soon as one of her transformed husbands seizes her and swallows her. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1749.2. D1749.2. Woman loses her magic power when she loses her simplicity and humility. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1750. D1750. Other characteristics of magic power.

D1751. D1751. Magic passes from body to body. Jewish: Neuman; India: Tawney I 417.

D1760. D1760. Means of producing magic power.

D1761. D1761. Magic results produced by wishing. **Riklin Wuncherfьllung und Symbolik in Mдrchen. (1908); *Fb “шnske” III 1178a.--Irish myth: *Cross; German: Grimm Nos. 50, 76; Jewish: Neuman; India: *Thompson-Balys; Seneca: Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 122 No. 19; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 151.

D1761.0.1. D1761.0.1. Wishes granted without limit. *Types 555, 592, 652, 675; BP I 138, II 121ff., *124, 490.

D1761.0.2. D1761.0.2. Limited number of wishes granted. *Types 750A, 1173*, 1951*; *BP II 491; *Loomis White Magic 124, 130; Irish myth: Cross; Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1761.0.2.1. D1761.0.2.1. Man to have wishes if he can repeat them in one breath. Irish myth: Cross.

D1761.0.2.2. D1761.0.2.2. One wish granted. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1761.1. D1761.1. Wishing by stars.

D1761.1.1. D1761.1.1. Wishing by shooting star. BP III 234 n. 1.

D1765. D1765. Magic results produced by command. Italian Novella: Rotunda; Babylonian: Spence 76f.; Jewish: Neuman, Genesis 1:3, etc.

D1766. D1766. Magic results produced by religious ceremony. (Cf. G224.5, V70.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 145, 465f. nn. 56, 57, 74, 75, 76--87 passim; England: Baughman.

D1766.1. D1766.1. Magic results produced by prayer. Irish myth: *Cross; Spanish Exempla: Keller; India: *Thompson-Balys; Norse: Boberg.

D1766.1.1. D1766.1.1. Magic fountain produced by prayer. (Cf. D925.1.) Irish: Plummer cl, Cross.

D1766.1.2. D1766.1.2. Prayers of nun cause Virgin Mary to show her the infant Jesus. Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D1766.1.3. D1766.1.3. Garment produced by prayer. Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D1766.1.4. D1766.1.4. Pain stopped by prayer. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1766.1.5. D1766.1.5. Upon praying of a saint, sea or pool is filled with sand so that people are able to cross with dry feet. *Loomis White Magic 43.

D1766.1.6. D1766.1.6. Mouse‘s prayer to gods about her children granted. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1766.1.7. D1766.1.7. Saint opens prison door by prayer. Alphabet No. 280; Boberg.

D1766.1.8. D1766.1.8. Food produced by prayer. Scala Celi 138a No. 774.

D1766.2. D1766.2. Magic results produced by sacrifices. Irish: O’Suilleabhain 89, Beal XXI 329; Jewish: Neuman.

D1766.2.1. D1766.2.1. Magic results from sacrifices at trees and wells. Kittredge Witchcraft 33, *393f. nn. 106--108.

D1766.2.2. D1766.2.2. Magic power from sacrificing a cock. Kittredge Witchcraft 94, *424 nn. 132, 133.

D1766.2.3. D1766.2.3. Magic power from shedding blood. (Cf. D2136.8.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1766.3. D1766.3. Magic powers from baptizing an animal. Kittredge Witchcraft 94, *424 nn. 134--136.

D1766.4. D1766.4. Magic power from christening an animal.

D1766.4.1. D1766.4.1. Magic power from christening a cock. Kittredge Witchcraft 148, 467 nn. 89--90.

D1766.5. D1766.5. Magic produced by saying mass. Irish myth: Cross.

D1766.5.1. D1766.5.1. Masses used along with other magic for cursing. Kittredge Witchcraft 147, 466 n. 88.

D1766.5.2. D1766.5.2. Magic articles made during mass. Fb “messe” II 582a.

D1766.6. D1766.6. Magic results from sign of the cross. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1766.6.1. D1766.6.1. Fountain produced from sign of the cross. (Cf. D925.1.) Irish: Plummer cl, Cross.

D1766.6.2. D1766.6.2. Sign of the cross made over sword (knife) endows it with magic powers. Irish myth: *Cross; Argentina: Jijena Sanchez 82, 87.

D1766.6.3. D1766.6.3. Sign of the cross enables person to relate marvel. Irish myth: Cross.

D1766.6.4. D1766.6.4. Sign of the cross made over beer protects against poison. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1766.6.5. D1766.6.5. Venomous dog killed by sign of cross. Irish myth: Cross.

D1766.7. D1766.7. Magic results from uttering powerful name.

D1766.7.1. D1766.7.1. Magic results produced in name of deity. Jewish: *Neuman.

D1766.7.1.1. D1766.7.1.1. Evil spirits conjured away in name of deity. (Cf. D1385.) Fb “lygtemand” II 473 b.--Irish: O‘Suilleabhain 31f., 66, Beal XXI 310, 325; Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D1766.7.2. D1766.7.2. Magic use of hero‘s name brings water. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1766.7.3. D1766.7.3. Magic results produced in name of saint. (Cf. V220.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1766.8. D1766.8. Magic results from fasting. Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1766.8.1. D1766.8.1. Fasting a part of magic ritual. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1766.9. D1766.9. Magic results from singing hymn. (Cf. D1275.3.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1766.10. D1766.10. Magic results from worshiping god (goddess). India: Thompson-Balys.

D1773. D1773. Magic results from laughing.

D1773.1. D1773.1. Scent of flowers from laughter. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1774. D1774. Magic results from speaking. Jewish: Neuman.

D1775. D1775. Magic results from licking. Irish myth: *Cross; Japanese: Ikeda; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 201.

D1776. D1776. Magic results from spitting. Jewish: Neuman; Eskimo (Koryak): Jochelson JE VI 170.

D1777. D1777. Magic results from power of thought. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 64.

D1778. D1778. Magic results from contact with earth.

D1781. D1781. Magic results from singing. (Cf. D1275, D1275.3.)

D1782. D1782. Sympathetic magic. Magic results obtained by imitating desired action. *Frazer Golden Bough XII 481 s.v. “Sympathetic magic”; *Andree Ethnographische 8ff.--Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; Hindu: Penzer III 38, VI 24 n., 133, IX 27 n. 1; N. A. Indian (Blackfoot): Wissler and Duvall PaAM II 128, (Maliseet): Mechling GSCan IV 100 No. 29, (Arapaho): Dorsey and Kroeber FM V 271 No. 120, (Pawnee): Dorsey CI LIX 160 No. 43, (Micmac): Parsons JAFL XXXVIII 78 No. 11, Rand 370 No. 71, (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 186 No. 35, 457 No. 94, 659 No. 127.

D1782.1. D1782.1. Magic results obtained by imitating desired action.

D1782.1.1. D1782.1.1. Opening mouth makes door open wider. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 193.

D1782.2. D1782.2. Curing wound by treating object which caused wound. England, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1782.3. D1782.3. Magic result from loosing knots. (Cf. D2142.0.2.)

D1782.3.1. D1782.3.1. Loosing sandals destroys fakir’s power. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1782.3.2. D1782.3.2. Loosing knots permits horse to return home. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1783. D1783. Reverse magic. Magic results obtained by imitating reverse of desired results.

D1783.1. D1783.1. Magic results of reversing a spell. Formula said backward will sometimes undo the work performed by the formula. (Cf. D1273.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 167, 485 nn. 31--33; Penzer VI 149 n. 1, 150ff.

D1783.2. D1783.2. Cure for leprosy by drinking from opposite lip of horn from that which caused it. (Cf. D1500.4.1, D1502.4.1.) Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1783.3. D1783.3. Faster one walks, longer the trail. The slower, the shorter. N. A. Indian (Plains Cree): Skinner JAFL XXIX 356 No. 3.

D1783.4. D1783.4. Power over monster (wizard, king) obtained by reversing orders. Hero does exact opposite of the command. Scottish: Campbell-McKay No. 2.

D1783.5. D1783.5. Magic turned against the makers, so that they are bewildered and kill themselves. Icelandic: Gцngu-Hrуlfs saga 319, *Boberg.

D1784. D1784. Magic results from breathing. (Cf. D1557.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 428.

D1785. D1785. Magic telepathy. Influence at a distance. Koryak: *Jochelson JE VI 380.

D1786. D1786. Magic power at cross-roads. *Fb “korsvej” II 277f; *Frazer Golden Bough XII 232 s.v. “cross roads”; *Penzer III 37f.; Finnish: Kalevala rune 8.

D1787. D1787. Magic results from burning.

D1788. D1788. Magic results from bathing. (Cf. D562, D925, D2161.4.14.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1788.1. D1788.1. Magic results from contact with water. Irish myth: Cross.

D1791. D1791. Magic power by circumambulation. (Cf. G224.8, D1272.) *Fb “rundt” III 96b; Frazer Golden Bough X 233ff.; *Penzer X 109 s.v. “circumambulation”; Cowell Jataka index s.v. “rightwise”; Cosquin Йtudes 356ff.; *Saintyves Essais 196ff.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman.

D1791.1. D1791.1. Dextrosum (sunwise) circuit (for good luck). Irish myth: Cross.

D1791.1.1. D1791.1.1. Druid performs circumambulation right-handwise to confer honor or bring good luck. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1791.2. D1791.2. Withershins (countersunwise) circuit (for ill luck). Irish myth: *Cross.

D1791.2.1. D1791.2.1. Druid performs circumambulation withershins to bring ill luck. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1792. D1792. Magic results from curse. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1792.1. D1792.1. Saint’s curse splits rocks. Irish myth: Cross.

D1792.2. D1792.2. Cursing wells. Irish myth: Cross.

D1792.3. D1792.3. Cursing stones. (Cf. D931.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1793. D1793. Magic results from eating or drinking.

D1793.1. D1793.1. Characteristics of animal acquired by eating it. Jewish: Neuman; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 227.

D1794. D1794. Magic results from kissing. Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1795. D1795. Magic by creeping (running, pulling) through a hole. *Hdwb. d. Abergl. II 477 s.v. “durchkriechen”; *Lowy Zs. f. Vksk. XXXVII--XXXVIII 85.

D1796. D1796. Magic from maiden walking naked in public. Hartland Science 83.

D1796.1. D1796.1. Power of nudity in magic. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1799. D1799. Magic results from other acts. (Cf. D1469.7, F547.1.3.)

D1799.1. D1799.1. Magic power from cleansing. (Cf. D1081, D1610.9, V1.8.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1799.2. D1799.2. Magic results from clapping the hands together. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1799.3. D1799.3. Magic results from special rituals. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1799.4. D1799.4. Magic powers from touching. (Cf. D565, D1032.2f., D1273.0.3., D1810.3, D1833., D1854.)

D1799.5. D1799.5. Magic results from chewing. Irish myth: Cross.

D1799.6. D1799.6. Magic results from performing good deeds. Jewish: Neuman.


D1800--D2199. Manifestations of magic power.



D1810. D1810. Magic knowledge. (Cf. D1310.) India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 456, Rasmussen I 78, III 123, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 244, (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 490.

D1810.0.1. D1810.0.1. Omniscience of a god. Irish myth: *Cross; Norse: De la Saussaye 280, Boberg; Greek: Aeschylus Prometheus Bound line 167, Grote I 6; Jewish: Neuman.

D1810.0.2. D1810.0.2. Magic knowledge of magician. (Cf. D1711, D1814.1.) Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; English: Wells 42 (Arthour and Merlin); India: Thompson-Balys.

D1810.0.2.1. D1810.0.2.1. Magician rebukes secret usury. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1810.0.3. D1810.0.3. Magic knowledge of saints and holy men. *Toldo I 345ff.; Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1810.0.3.1. D1810.0.3.1. Saint perceives cheat. Irish myth: Cross; Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D1810.0.3.2. D1810.0.3.2. Lost object or person found by holy man. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1810.0.4. D1810.0.4. Magic knowledge of fairies. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1810.0.5. D1810.0.5. Magic knowledge of witches. Irish myth: Cross; England, U.S., Wales: *Baughman.

D1810.0.6. D1810.0.6. Magic knowledge of angels. (Cf. D1810.5.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1810.0.7. D1810.0.7. Magic knowledge of superman. Irish myth: Cross.

D1810.0.8. D1810.0.8. Magic knowledge of druid. (Cf. D1711.4, D1816.5.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1810.0.8.1. D1810.0.8.1. Druid’s “keys of wisdom”. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1810.0.9. D1810.0.9. Magic knowledge of the Pope. Irish myth: Cross.

D1810.0.10. D1810.0.10. Magic knowledge (wisdom) of Solomon. (Cf. L212.2.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1810.0.11. D1810.0.11. Magic knowledge of poet. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1810.0.12. D1810.0.12. Magic knowledge about culprit‘s offense to deity. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1810.0.13. D1810.0.13. Magic knowledge of identity of stranger. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1810.1. D1810.1. Magic knowledge from queen of other world. (Cf. D1723.) Hartland Science 197.

D1810.2. D1810.2. Magic knowledge from devil. (Cf. D1721.1.) Dickson 235 n. 34; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1810.3. D1810.3. Magic knowledge from touching “knowledge tooth” with thumb. (Cf. D1009.2, D1811.1.1.) **Scott Thumb; Irish myth: Cross; English: Baughman.

D1810.3.1. D1810.3.1. Future revealed by “knowledge tooth”. (Cf. D1009.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1810.4. D1810.4. Magic knowledge learned from magician teacher. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1810.5. D1810.5. Magic knowledge from angel. (Cf. D1725, D1810.0.6.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1810.6. D1810.6. Magic knowledge from bathing in holy water. Irish myth: Cross.

D1810.7. D1810.7. Magic knowledge from sign of the cross. (Cf. D1766.6, V86.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1810.8. D1810.8. Magic knowledge from dream. (Cf. D1812.3.3, D1812.5.1.2, D1813.1, D1814.2, D1817.2.1, D1819.2.) Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic. Юiрriks saga II 393--95 (n.), *Boberg.

D1810.8.1. D1810.8.1. Truth given in vision. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1810.8.2. D1810.8.2. Information received through dream. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1810.8.2.1. D1810.8.2.1. Dream shows where stolen girl is hidden. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1810.8.2.2. D1810.8.2.2. Person dreams of spot where drowned body lies. England: Baughman.

D1810.8.2.3. D1810.8.2.3. Murder made known in a dream. Canada: Baughman.

D1810.8.2.4. D1810.8.2.4. Dream tells of safety of absent person who has been in danger. Scotland: Baughman.

D1810.8.2.5. D1810.8.2.5. Raja told in a dream the stranger he seeks to destroy is his own son. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1810.8.3. D1810.8.3. Warning in dreams. Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1810.8.3.1. D1810.8.3.1. Warning in dream fulfilled. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1810. D1810. Dream warns of illness or injury. The dream is fulfilled. England: *Baughman.

D1810.8.3.2. D1810.8.3.2. Dream warns of danger which will happen in near future. Because of advance knowledge, the danger is averted. England, Scotland, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1810.8.4. D1810.8.4. Solution to problem is discovered in dream. England: Baughman.

D1810.9. D1810.9. Magic knowledge from God. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 297--98 (Odin); India: Thompson-Balys.

D1810.10. D1810.10. Magic knowledge from goddess. Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 296, 299; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1810.11. D1810.11. Magic knowledge from mythical ancestor. Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 297 (Rig), 311.

D1810.12. D1810.12. Magic knowledge from guardian spirits. (See E721.9.) Icelandic: Hrуlfs saga Kraka II, Boberg.

D1810.13. D1810.13. Magic knowledge from the dead. Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 46, 298, 299--300, 311, Herrmann Saxo II 98--99.

D1811. D1811. Magic wisdom. (Cf. D1300.)

D1811.0.1. D1811.0.1. Seventy-two kinds of wisdom mastered by Adam. Jewish: Neuman.

D1811.1. D1811.1. Magic wisdom from eating or drinking. Jewish: Neuman.

D1811.1.1. D1811.1.1. Thumb of knowledge. Man cooks magic animal and burns thumb. When he puts thumb in mouth he has magic knowledge. (Cf. D1810.3.) **Scott Thumb; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1811.1.1.1. D1811.1.1.1. Thumb of knowledge from catching thumb in door of fairy. (Cf. F211.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1811.1.2. D1811.1.2. Magic wisdom from drinking of well. (Cf. D1242.1, D1300.3, V134.) Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1811.2. D1811.2. Magic wisdom received from supernatural being. Dickson 120 nn. 61--63.

D1811.2.1. D1811.2.1. Divine inspiration for writing sacred books. Moreno Esdras.

D1812. D1812. Magic power of prophecy. (Cf. D1311.) Icelandic: *Boberg; English: Child III 418--422; Greek: Grote I 216, 249, 307; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Ferguson 135.--N. A. Indian (Micmac): Parsons JAFL XXXVIII 75 No. 10.

D1812.0.1. D1812.0.1. Foreknowledge of hour of death. Irish myth: *Cross; England: *Baughman; Icelandic: *Boberg; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “mort”; Greek: Aeschylus Agamemnon line 1260; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1812.0.1.1. D1812.0.1.1. Cheek bitten as warning of approaching death. (Cf. D1812. Irish myth: Cross.

D1812.0.1.2. D1812.0.1.2. Foreknowledge of means of death. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812.0.2. D1812.0.2. Saints have foreknowledge of coming of guests. Irish: Plummer clxx, *Cross.

D1812.0.2.1. D1812.0.2.1. Foreknowledge of unwished guests. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1812.0.2.2. D1812.0.2.2. Hero has foreknowledge of coming of guests. Irish myth: Cross.

D1812.0.2.3. D1812.0.2.3. Fakir has foreknowledge of coming of guests. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1812.0.3. D1812.0.3. Foreknowledge of wounding in battle (combat). Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812.0.4. D1812.0.4. Foreknowledge of unhappiness of son or sons. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1812.0.5. D1812.0.5. Magic knowledge of what is to happen to himself after death. (Cf. G283.1.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1812.1. D1812.1. Power of prophecy a gift. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 313 n. 3.

D1812.1.1. D1812.1.1. Power of prophecy from fairy. (Cf. D1723.) Hartland Science 203.

D1812.1.2. D1812.1.2. Power of prophecy from God. (Cf. D1726.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812.2. D1812.2. Power of prophecy induced.

D1812.2.1. D1812.2.1. Power of prophecy induced by crawling backward around grave. (Cf. D1791.) *Fb “grav” I 478.

D1812.2.2. D1812.2.2. Power of prophecy induced by conjuring. Irish myth: Cross.

D1812.2.3. D1812.2.3. Power of prophecy from accidental drinking of water from magic fountain. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812.2.4. D1812.2.4. Dying man’s power of prophecy. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1812.3. D1812.3. Means of learning future. (Cf. D1810.8, D1976.2.)

D1812.3.1. D1812.3.1. Future learned by sitting on hide. Kittredge Witchcraft 47, *399 nn. 181--186; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812.3.2. D1812.3.2. Fortune told by cutting sand. Africa (Vai): Ellis 214 No. 29.

D1812.3.3. D1812.3.3. Future revealed in dream. (Cf. D1810.8, D1812.5.1.2, D1813.1.) *Type 725; *BP I 324; *Fb “sove” III 472b; *Hartland FLJ IV 321; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) Nos. 182, 183, 287, 328, 466, 826--830; *Gaster Exempla Nos. 215, 216, 218, 219, 242; Loomis White Magic; Alphabet Nos. 266, 305; Child V 477 s.v. “dreams”; *Encyc. Religion and Ethics s.v. “Dreams and sleep”; Loomis White Magic 17f.; Corpus Poeticum Boreale I 334, 347.--Irish myth: *Cross; Norse: Sofus Larsen Antik og Nordisk Drшmmetro (Aarbшger for Nordisk Oldkyndighed 1917, 37ff.), G. D. Kelchner Dreams in Old Norse Literature and Their Affinities in Folklore (Cambridge, England, 1935); Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 311--12, *Boberg; England, Scotland, Wales, U.S.: *Baughman; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 46 n. 1 (Hecuba); Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 276, Graham.--S. A. Indian (Cherentes): Alexander Lat. Am. 308; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 134; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 67, 249, (Fjort): Dennett 39 No. 5, (Kaffir): Theal 128, (Bushman): Bleek and Lloyd 17, (Zulu): Callaway 146, (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 124.

D1812. D1812. Druid interprets prophetic dream. (Cf. D1711.4, D1812.3.3.5.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812. D1812. Poets interpret dreams. (Cf. P427.7.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812. D1812. Dream interpreter corrects dream. Jewish: Neuman.

D1812.3.3.1. D1812.3.3.1. Truest dreams at daybreak. *Penzer VIII 99f.

D1812.3.3.2. D1812.3.3.2. Fortune-telling dream induced by sleeping in extraordinary place (position). *Fb “sove” III 472b, 473a.

D1812.3.3.3. D1812.3.3.3. Prophetic dream induced by incantation. (Cf. D1799.3.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812.3.3.4. D1812.3.3.4. Prophetic dream loses force after a year. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812.3.3.5. D1812.3.3.5. Prophetic dream allegorical. (Cf. D1812., V515.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812. D1812. Allegorical dream: ripe and unripe ears, fat and lean kine. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1812.3.3.6. D1812.3.3.6. Prophetic dream induced by eating meat of bull. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812.3.3.7. D1812.3.3.7. Eve in vision sees Cain drink Abel’s blood. Irish myth: Cross.

D1812.3.3.8. D1812.3.3.8. Dream by a (pregnant) woman about fate of her unborn child. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1812.3.3.9. D1812.3.3.9. Future husband (wife) revealed in dream. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1812.3.3.10. D1812.3.3.10. Dream interpreted by opposites. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1812.3.3.11. D1812.3.3.11. Death of another revealed in dream. England, Scotland, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1812.4. D1812.4. Future revealed by presentiment: “knowledge within”. Irish myth: Cross; England, U.S.: *Baughman; India: Thompson-Balys; S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 88; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 68, 227, (Zulu): Callaway 194.

D1812.4.1. D1812.4.1. Woman cries out on beholding man her unborn child is destined to slay. (Cf. T575.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1812.5. D1812.5. Future learned through omens. *Fb “varsel”; *Kittredge Witchcraft 398 n. 170; Irish: *Cross, O‘Suilleabhain 110, Beal XXI 334; Icelandic: *Boberg; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys, Cowell Jataka index s.v. “Omens”.

D1812.5.0.1. D1812.5.0.1. Omens from sneezing. *Kittredge Witchcraft 44, 398 n. 170; *Pease Classical Philology VI (1911) 429ff; *Tylor Primitive Culture (First Am. ed.) I 97ff.; Knowlson Popular Superstitions (1910) 175ff.; Schweizer Volkskunde (1912) 20f.; Encyc. Rel. Ethics IX 398f.; Penzer III 303ff.; Gessler Bull. bib. et pйd. du Musйe belge XXX (1926) 193ff.; Saintyves L’Eternuement et le Baillement (Paris, 1921) 148; *Fb “nyse” II 704; Hdwb. d. Abergl. s.v. “niesen” VI 1076ff.; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1812.5.0.2. D1812.5.0.2. Omens from flight of birds. *Kittredge Witchcraft 44, 398 n. 170; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1812.5.0.3. D1812.5.0.3. Behavior of fire as omen. *Fb “ild” II 13a.; Virgil Aeneid II 680, V 525, VII 74; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1812.5.0.4. D1812.5.0.4. Rising smoke as omen. N. A. Indian: Kroeber JAFL XXI 224.

D1812. D1812. Divination from rising smoke. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812.5.0.5. D1812.5.0.5. Haruspices: divination by condition of animal‘s liver. *Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 1494; *Frazer Pausanias IV 5.

D1812.5.0.6. D1812.5.0.6. Divination by throwing objects into water. If they swim the omen is bad; if not, good. *Frazer Pausanias III 388.

D1812.5.0.7. D1812.5.0.7. Divination from first person (thing) met. *Hdwb. d. Mдrch. s.v. “Erstes”; Jewish: Neuman.

D1812. D1812. First to partake of certain feast will be first to disobey the king (etc.). Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812. D1812. Saint declares that first man to come to certain place shall be his successor. Young cleric comes and is chosen. Irish myth: Cross.

D1812. D1812. Prognostications from day of week on which first day of year falls. (Cf. D1812.5.0.16.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1812.5.0.8. D1812.5.0.8. Divination from animal fight. Irish myth: Cross.

D1812. D1812. Auguries from movement of animal. (Cf. B563.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1812.5.0.9. D1812.5.0.9. Divination from howling of dog. (Cf. D1812. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812.5.0.10. D1812.5.0.10. Divination from clouds. (Cf. D1812.5.1.11.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812.5.0.11. D1812.5.0.11. Divination from sound of voice. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812.5.0.12. D1812.5.0.12. Divination from sound of chariot wheels. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812.5.0.13. D1812.5.0.13. Magic manifestation as omen. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1812.5.0.14. D1812.5.0.14. Stone changes from red to green as auspicious sign. (Cf. D1293.1, D1293.2, D1317.12.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1812.5.0.15. D1812.5.0.15. Weather signs. Irish myth: Cross.

D1812. D1812. Divination from wind. Icelandic: Egils saga einhenda, ed. Lagerholm 47.

D1812.5.0.16. D1812.5.0.16. Prognostications for year from winds blowing on January 1. (Cf. D1812. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812.5.0.17. D1812.5.0.17. Divination by choice of roads: which son to be born first. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1812.5.1. D1812.5.1. Bad omens. *Penzer III 46, 86, X 251 s.v. “Omen, evil.”; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1812.5.1.1. D1812.5.1.1. Prodigy as evil omen. *Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XX 69; *Penzer II 39 n. 2.--Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 185 n. 1, 232 n. 2.

D1812. D1812. Tears of blood as evil omen. Irish myth: Cross.

D1812. D1812. Two drops of blood in book mean that two have been killed. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1812. D1812. Blood (in dream) as omen of killing. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1812. D1812. Wave of blood as sign of death. (Cf. D1003, E761.1.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812. D1812. Drops of blood presage slaughter. Irish myth: Cross.

D1812. D1812. Washers at the ford. Appearance of female figure washing bloody armor, chariot cushions, or human limb (at ford) as sign of coming disaster in battle. (Cf. A485.1, E761.1, M301.6.1, Z129.2.2.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812.5.1.2. D1812.5.1.2. Bad dream as evil omen. (Cf. D1810.8, D1812.3.3, D1813.1.) Dickson 74, 225.--Irish myth: *Cross; English: Wells 9 (King Horn), 31 (Geoffrey’s life of Arthur), 33 (Layamon‘s Brut), 48 (Lancelot of the Laik), 89 (The Sege of Melayne), 92 (The Song of Roland), 122 (The King of Tars); Icelandic: Herrmann Saxo II 233, *Boberg; Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1812. D1812. Vision as evil omen. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812.5.1.3. D1812.5.1.3. Breaking mirror as evil omen. *Fb “spejl” III 481b; *Kittredge Witchcraft 93, 423 n. 124.

D1812.5.1.4. D1812.5.1.4. Eclipse as evil omen. (Cf. F961.1, F965.2.) Penzer II 82.--Icelandic: Boberg.

D1812.5.1.5. D1812.5.1.5. Moon furnishes omen.

D1812. D1812. New moon with old moon in her arm a sign of storm. Child II 20ff.

D1812. D1812. Red or pale moon an evil omen. Chinese: Werner 176.

D1812.5.1.6. D1812.5.1.6. Stars furnish omens.

D1812. D1812. Sirius as bad omen. Greek: Homer Iliad XXII 30.

D1812.5.1.7. D1812.5.1.7. Meeting certain persons (animals) a bad omen. *Kittredge Witchcraft 44f., 398 nn. 169--173.

D1812. D1812. Bad omen: greeting one before dawn. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1812.5.1.8. D1812.5.1.8. Bad omen for two bridal processions to meet. Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 135 No. 91.

D1812.5.1.9. D1812.5.1.9. Sight of mermaid bad omen. Child V 488 s.v. “mermaid”.

D1812.5.1.10. D1812.5.1.10. Sight of phantom ship a bad omen. Fb “skib”.

D1812.5.1.11. D1812.5.1.11. Red (gray, etc.). clouds as evil omens. (Cf. D1812.5.0.10.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812.5.1.12. D1812.5.1.12. Animal behavior as bad omen.

D1812. D1812. Howling of dog as bad omen. (Cf. D1812.5.0.9.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812. D1812. Bird calls as evil omen. Korean: Zong in-Sob 210.

D1812. D1812. Spider dropping on person’s back as ill omen. Samoa: Clark 117.

D1812. D1812. Mice gnawing garments as bad omen. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 410.

D1812.5.1.13. D1812.5.1.13. Fairy music as evil omen. Irish myth: Cross.

D1812.5.1.14. D1812.5.1.14. Holy man‘s fall from horse a bad omen. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812.5.1.15. D1812.5.1.15. Hailstorm as bad omen. Irish myth: Cross.

D1812.5.1.16. D1812.5.1.16. Dry river bed as bad omen. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812. D1812. Dry river bed as omen of approaching death. (Cf. D1812.0.1.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1812.5.1.17. D1812.5.1.17. Spectre as evil omen. (Cf. D1812. Irish myth: *Cross; North Carolina: Brown Collection I 678f.

D1812. D1812. Spirit host fighting in air as evil omen. Irish myth: Cross.

D1812. D1812. Clashing shields in heavens as evil omen. Irish myth: Cross.

D1812. D1812. Roaring of shields as evil omen. Irish myth: Cross.

D1812.5.1.18. D1812.5.1.18. Snow on house omen of approaching death. (Cf. D1812.0.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1812.5.1.19. D1812.5.1.19. Plague as bad omen. Irish myth: Cross.

D1812.5.1.20. D1812.5.1.20. Withering of tree as bad omen. Irish myth: Cross.

D1812.5.1.21. D1812.5.1.21. Forgetting leashes of hounds as bad omen. Irish myth: Cross.

D1812.5.1.22. D1812.5.1.22. Bad omen: seeing unusual sight on road home. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1812.5.1.23. D1812.5.1.23. Man killed by accident when ship is pushed into the sea taken as an evil omen. Icelandic: Ragnars saga ch. 10 (9), Boberg.

D1812.5.1.24. D1812.5.1.24. Roaring of waves augurs danger to king. (Cf. D911.1, D1812.5.2.7.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812.5.1.25. D1812.5.1.25. Falling of shields as evil omen. (Cf. D1101.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1812.5.1.26. D1812.5.1.26. Falling of book satchels as evil omen. (Cf. D1266, D1641.11.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1812.5.1.27. D1812.5.1.27. Croaking of raven as bad omen. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1812. D1812. Hooting of owl a bad omen. Virgil Aeneid IV 464; *Fb “ugle” IV 963.

D1812.5.1.28. D1812.5.1.28. Stirrup leather breaking as bad omen. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1812.5.1.29. D1812.5.1.29. Evil omen: scavenger carrying headload of wood. India: Thompson-Balys

D1812.5.1.30. D1812.5.1.30. Place of bad omen. Jewish: Neuman.

D1812.5.1.31. D1812.5.1.31. Stumping toe a bad omen. Samoa: Clark 116.

D1812.5.2. D1812.5.2. Favorable omens. Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys, *Penzer I 116, IV 122 n. 1, 171 n. 1.

D1812.5.2.1. D1812.5.2.1. Throbbing of right eye as favorable omen. Penzer V 200 n. 3.

D1812.5.2.2. D1812.5.2.2. Meeting certain person (animal) a good omen. *Kittredge Witchcraft 45, 398 n. 172.

D1812. D1812. Good omen: meeting old woman with pot of newly drawn water. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1812.5.2.3. D1812.5.2.3. Hearing thunder on setting forth a good omen. *Kittredge Witchcraft 45, 398 n. 172; *Frazer Pausanias III 417 (lightning on the right).

D1812.5.2.4. D1812.5.2.4. Bird of prey catching quarry a good omen. *Kittredge Witchcraft 45, 398 n. 173.

D1812.5.2.5. D1812.5.2.5. Hearing bird cry a good omen.

D1812. D1812. Hearing cuckoo call a good omen. Alphabet No. 727.

D1812. D1812. Hearing heron’s cry a good omen. Greek: Homer Iliad X 275.

D1812.5.2.6. D1812.5.2.6. Shooting star as good omen. (Cf. D1761.1.1.) *BP III 234.

D1812.5.2.7. D1812.5.2.7. Roaring wave augurs luck. (Cf. D911.1, D1812.5.1.24, F931.4.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1812.5.2.8. D1812.5.2.8. Omen at laying foundation of building. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1812.5.2.9. D1812.5.2.9. King who finds golden bow and arrow (spindle) knows an heir will be born to him. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1812.5.2.10. D1812.5.2.10. Black dog as good omen. Argentina: Jijena Sanchez 121.

D1812.5.2.11. D1812.5.2.11. Spider dropping on one‘s front a good omen. (Cf. D1812. Samoa: Clark 117.

D1812.6. D1812.6. Power of prophecy lost. (Cf. D1741.)

D1812.6.1. D1812.6.1. Power of prophecy lost by spitting. When possessor of power on request spits into mouth of man who has taught him, he loses the power. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 313 n. 3.

D1813. D1813. Magic knowledge of events in distant place. Irish: Plummer clxx, *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1813.0.1. D1813.0.1. Bear knows if person looks at his track. N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin 2.

D1813.0.2. D1813.0.2. Fairy has knowledge of how mortals fare. (Cf. D1810.0.4.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1813.0.3. D1813.0.3. Father feels that son is in danger. (Cf. D1812.0.4, D1812. Icelandic: Hrуlfs saga Kraka ch. 14, Boberg.

D1813.0.3.1. D1813.0.3.1. Father knows of son’s death from far away. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1813.1. D1813.1. Dream shows events in distant place. (Cf. D1810.8, D1812.3.3, D1812.5.1.2.) India: Thompson-Balys; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1813.1.1. D1813.1.1. Dream warns emperor of wife‘s unfaithfulness. English: Wells 138 (The Earl of Toulous); Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1813.1.2. D1813.1.2. Dream warns king of error in judgment. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1813.1.3. D1813.1.3. Dream warns king of danger to kingdom. Africa (Temne): Schlenker 87ff. No. 7.

D1813.1.4. D1813.1.4. Dream reveals death of brother. (Cf. D1812.3.3, D1812.5.1.2.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1813.1.5. D1813.1.5. Dream reveals to girl death of her lover. Heptameron No. 13.

D1813.1.6. D1813.1.6. Dream shows others in danger. Icelandic: FSS 247, 258, *Boberg; Papua: Ker 127.

D1813.2. D1813.2. Pursuit revealed by magic. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Hrolfs saga Kraka ch. 2, Boberg.

D1813.3. D1813.3. “Knowledge tooth” reveals events in distant place. (Cf. D1810.3.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1813.4. D1813.4. Fugitives‘ way revealed by magic. Icelandic: Hrуlfs saga Kraka ch. 1; Egils saga einhenda ch. IX 8 p. 44, *Boberg.

D1814. D1814. Magic advice. Jewish: Neuman.

D1814.1. D1814.1. Advice from magician (fortune-teller, etc.). (Cf. D1711, D1810.0.2, D1817.) Irish myth: *Cross; English: Wells 39 (Nennius Historia Britonum); Greek: Grote I 249.

D1814.1.1. D1814.1.1. Wizard shows man likeness of cock which will win fight. England: Baughman.

D1814.2. D1814.2. Advice from dream. (Cf. D1810.8.) Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1814.3. D1814.3. Advice from God (or gods). Irish myth: *Cross.

D1815. D1815. Magic knowledge of strange tongues. Irish myth: *Cross; English: Child III 418--422; Ward II 676 No. 68; Jewish: Neuman.

D1815.0.1. D1815.0.1. Gift of tongues received from ghosts. Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 99.

D1815.1. D1815.1. Knowledge of ghost language. Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 99.

D1815.2. D1815.2. Magic knowledge of language of animals. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1815.3. D1815.3. Magic knowledge of demon language. Jewish: Neuman.

D1815.4. D1815.4. Magic knowledge of tree language. Jewish: Neuman.

D1815.5. D1815.5. Magic knowledge of vegetable language. Jewish: Neuman.

D1815.6. D1815.6. Magic knowledge of language of valleys. Jewish: Neuman.

D1816. D1816. Magic discovery of desired place. (Cf. D1314.)

D1816.1. D1816.1. Location of fountain revealed in dream. (Cf. D925, D925.1, D1731.) Irish: Plummer cl, Cross.

D1816.2. D1816.2. Lost object discovered by magic. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1816.2.1. D1816.2.1. Lost object found by throwing spade at ghost. Where spade sticks one will find the lost object. *Fb “gjenganger” I 443b.

D1816.3. D1816.3. Location of fort determined by reading in book. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1816.4. D1816.4. Location of buried object (body) magically revealed. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1816.4.1. D1816.4.1. Location of corpse of drowned person detected by magic. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1816.5. D1816.5. Druid divines whereabouts of missing person. (Cf. D1711.4.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1816.5.1. D1816.5.1. Druid by magic discovers whereabouts of abducted wife. (Cf. F322.2.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1816.6. D1816.6. Magic discovery of place for (church) building. Icelandic: Kristensen Danske Sagn III (1895) 156ff., (1931) 115ff.

D1817. D1817. Magic detection of crime. (Cf. D1318.)

D1817.0.1. D1817.0.1. Magic detection of theft. *Kittredge Witchcraft 190ff., 505 nn. 28, 29--53; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1817.0.1.1. D1817.0.1.1. Witch (wizard) reveals name of thief. England, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1817.0.1.2. D1817.0.1.2. Wizard tells location of stolen property. England, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1817.0.1.3. D1817.0.1.3. Wizard compels thief to return stolen property. England: *Baughman.

D1817. D1817. Wizard compels thief to deliver stolen property in person to the owner. England: *Baughman.

D1817.0.1.4. D1817.0.1.4. Wizard shows form or shadow or picture of thief. (Cf. D1323.1, D1821.3.7.1.) England: *Baughman.

D1817.0.1.5. D1817.0.1.5. Wizard detects thieves by placing leaf from Bible under doorstep. The guilty ones stumble over doorstep. England: Baughman.

D1817.0.1.6. D1817.0.1.6. Wizard detects thief by trance. England, U.S.: Baughman.

D1817.0.2. D1817.0.2. Magic detection of poison. (Cf. D1317.0.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1817.0.3. D1817.0.3. Magic detection of murder. Irish myth: Cross.

D1817.0.4. D1817.0.4. Magic detection of conspiracy. Irish myth: Cross.

D1817.0.5. D1817.0.5. Magic detection of sin. Irish myth: Cross.

D1817.1. D1817.1. Druids magically detect crime. Irish: Plummer clx, *Cross.

D1817.2. D1817.2. Saints magically detect crime. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1817.2.1. D1817.2.1. Dream reveals sin to saint. (Cf. D1810.8.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1817.2.2. D1817.2.2. Saint magically compels thief to return goods. *Loomis White Magic 85.

D1817.3. D1817.3. Detection of crime through “knowledge tooth”. (Cf. D1810.3, D1811.1.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1818. D1818. Magic remedy learned by magic. (Cf. D1500.) Type 516; Rцsch FFC LXXVII 137.

D1819. D1819. Magic knowledge--miscellaneous. Irish myth: Cross.

D1819.1. D1819.1. Magic knowledge of another‘s thoughts. Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1819.1.1. D1819.1.1. Chief reads visitor‘s thoughts. California Indian: Gayton and Newman 101.

D1819.2. D1819.2. Deception revealed in dream. (Cf. D1810.8.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1819.3. D1819.3. Magic knowledge enables man to identify headless body. Irish myth: Cross.

D1819.4. D1819.4. Learning to read by magic. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1819.4.1. D1819.4.1. Man enabled to read baptismal service by washing in holy water. Irish myth: Cross.

D1819.4.2. D1819.4.2. Alphabet written on cake learned by eating it. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1819.5. D1819.5. Identity of grave revealed by magic. Irish myth: Cross.

D1819.6. D1819.6. Identity of singers revealed by magic. Irish myth: Cross.

D1819.7. D1819.7. Man is able to tell king dream which king himself does not remember. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1819.8. D1819.8. Magic knowledge of unborn calf. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1820. D1820. Magic sight and hearing. (Cf. D1331.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 185ff.; 503ff.--Irish: Plummer clxxi; England, U.S.: Baughman; Jewish: Neuman; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 102.

D1820.1. D1820.1. Magic sight of saints. (Cf. D1810.0.3, V220.) *Toldo Studien I 347.--Irish: *Cross, O’Suilleabhain 109, 128, Beal XXI 334, 337.

D1820.1.1. D1820.1.1. Magic sight of blind holy man. Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D1820.2. D1820.2. Saint gives king power of long distance sight. *Loomis White Magic 73.

D1820.3. D1820.3. Saint blesses brothers‘ eyes so that they see heaven. *Loomis White Magic 73.

D1821. D1821. Means of acquiring magic sight.

D1821.1. D1821.1. Magic sight by treading on another’s foot. *BP II 319, 518; *Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. VI 204; Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 243; *Fb “se” III 175a.--Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 255, 283; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 297 No. 1, 298 No. 7, 302 No. 27, 309 No. 10.

D1821.2. D1821.2. Magic sight from thumb of knowledge. Man cooks magic animal and burns thumb. When he puts thumb into mouth he has magic sight. (Cf. D1810.3, D1811.1.1.) **Scott Thumb.--Irish myth: *Cross; Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 253.

D1821.3. D1821.3. Magic sight by looking in certain place. *Fb “se” III 174.

D1821.3.1. D1821.3.1. Magic sight by looking under arm. Jakob Grimm Kleinere Schriften VII 3; *Fb “шje” III 1168b, “se” III 174.--Icelandic: *Boberg; English: Child III 411, V 299b.

D1821.3.2. D1821.3.2. Magic sight by looking over right shoulder. *BP II 319, 518.

D1821.3.3. D1821.3.3. Magic sight by looking under one‘s legs. *Fb “se” III 174; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1821.3.4. D1821.3.4. Magic sight by looking between dog’s ears. *Fb “se” III 174.

D1821.3.5. D1821.3.5. Magic sight by looking through ring. (Cf. D1076.) Irish myth: *Cross; English: Child III 412.

D1821.3.5.1. D1821.3.5.1. One becomes ghost-seer after looking through hole in coffin. Lithuanian: Balys Ghosts.

D1821.3.6. D1821.3.6. Magic sight by looking through keyhole. Fb “kirkedшr” II 127.

D1821.3.7. D1821.3.7. Magic sight by looking at shining object.

D1821.3.7.1. D1821.3.7.1. Magic sight by looking into glass of water. Fb “vand” III 1001a; Kittredge Witchcraft 185ff., 504, 508 nn. 6, 47.--Chinese: Graham.

D1821.3.7.2. D1821.3.7.2. Magic sight by looking at polished fingernail. *Kittredge Witchcraft 185ff., 503ff. nn. 1, 5.

D1821.3.7.3. D1821.3.7.3. Crystal-gazing. Clairvoyance by looking into crystal. Kittredge Witchcraft 185ff., 503ff. nn. *1--3, 10--24, 35, 47.--England, U.S.: Baughman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1821.3.7.4. D1821.3.7.4. Magic sight by looking at polished sword-blade. Kittredge Witchcraft 185ff., 504, 508 nn. 6, 7, 47.

D1821.3.8. D1821.3.8. Magic sight by looking at shoulder-bone of sheep. *Kittredge Witchcraft 186, 504 n. 6.

D1821.3.9. D1821.3.9. Magic sight by looking in the hollow of one’s hand. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1821.3.10. D1821.3.10. Magic sight by looking through feather. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1821.4. D1821.4. Magic sight by putting ointment into eye. (Cf. D1244.) England: Lang English Fairy Tales 220.

D1821.5. D1821.5. Magic sight by standing on certain stone. Hartland Science 197.

D1821.6. D1821.6. Magic sight given to abandoned child. Scotland: Macdougall and Calder 183.

D1821.7. D1821.7. Deaf and dumb man can see soul taken to happiness or punishment. Fb “sjжl” III 214b; Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D1821.8. D1821.8. Possession by spirit of dead person gives second sight. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1821.9. D1821.9. Magic sight by turning clothes inside out. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D1821.10. D1821.10. Magic sight by standing alone for three days. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1821.11. D1821.11. Magic sight gift of grateful animals. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1822. D1822. Loss of magic sight. (Cf. D1741.)

D1822.1. D1822.1. Magic sight overcome by incantation. (Cf. D1273.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1825. D1825. Kinds of magic sight.

D1825.1. D1825.1. Second sight. Power to see future happenings. (Cf. D1812.) *Chauvin V 90 No. 28 n. 2; *Fb “synsk”, “spеkjжlling”, “spеmand”, “gjenviser”; *RTP XXVII *145, 151, 284, 382.--Irish: Plummer clxx, *Cross; Scotland: Macdougall and Calder 183, 251, 255, 281; Icelandic: Snorra Edda Prol. V and Gylf. II, *Boberg; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 478 No. 103, (Plains Ojibwa): Skinner JAFL XXXII 300.

D1825.1.2. D1825.1.2. Magic view of future lover. *Fb “kjжreste” II 153; Type 737*.--England, U.S.: *Baughman; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1825.2. D1825.2. Magic power to see distant objects. (Cf. D1813.3, D1817.0.1, D1825.5.) *BP II 319; *Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. VI 204.--Celtic: Hartland Science 197; England: Child III 412; England, Scotland, U.S.: *Baughman; Icelandic: *Boberg; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3507; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 91 No. 5.

D1825.2.1. D1825.2.1. Magic sight of earthly objects from otherworld. Irish myth: Cross.

D1825.2.2. D1825.2.2. Magic power to see whole country at once. Jewish: Neuman.

D1825.3. D1825.3. Magic power to see invisible creatures. Swiss. Jegerlehner Oberwallis 297f. Nos. 1, 7; Scotch: Macdougall and Calder 183, Lang English Fairy Tales 220; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3510.

D1825.3.1. D1825.3.1. Magic power of seeing Death at head or foot of bed and thus forecasting progress of sickness. *Type 332; *BP I 377 ff.--Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: Neuman.

D1825.3.2. D1825.3.2. Man sees angels over the heads of the good and black stars over the bad. Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D1825.3.3. D1825.3.3. Magic sight: ability to see the soul (astral body). India: Thompson-Balys.

D1825.3.3.1. D1825.3.3.1. Magic power to see souls after death. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1825.3.3.2. D1825.3.3.2. Magic power to see soul leaving body. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1825.3.4. D1825.3.4. Ability to see heavenly beings. Jewish: Neuman.

D1825.3.4.1. D1825.3.4.1. Ability to see angel of God. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1825.3.4.2. D1825.3.4.2. Ability to see messengers of Pluto. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1825.4. D1825.4. Magic power to see concealed things. (Cf. D1817.) Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1825.4.1. D1825.4.1. Magic power of seeing things underground. Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 12 n. 3.

D1825.4.2. D1825.4.2. Magic power to see whether girl is virgin. Type 592; Norwegian Christiansen 89.

D1825.4.3. D1825.4.3. Magic power to see lost things. England, Scotland: *Baughman.

D1825.4.3.1. D1825.4.3.1. Prophet locates lost child. Greek: *Grote I 206.

D1825.5. D1825.5. Magic power to see death circumstances of absent person. Canada, England, Scotland, U.S., Wales: *Baughman.

D1825.6. D1825.6. Magic power to “see” who will die during coming year. England, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1825.7. D1825.7. Magic sight of incident before it actually happens. Scotland, Wales, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1825.7.1. D1825.7.1. Person sees phantom funeral procession some time before the actual procession takes place. England, Ireland, Scotland: *Baughman.

D1825.8. D1825.8. What religious ascetic sees as gold, ordinary people see as scorpions. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1825.9. D1825.9. Witches have power to see distant sights. England: Baughman (D1912.1.).

D1827. D1827. Magic hearing.

D1827.1. D1827.1. Magic hearing of noises which portend death. (Cf. D1812.)

D1827.1.1. D1827.1.1. Listening at church door on Halloween to hear the names of those to die in the coming year. (Cf. D1825.6.) Wales: Baughman.

D1827.1.2. D1827.1.2. Sounds heard before death; the sounds are later repeated in connection with the death or funeral. England, Scotland, Wales, Canada, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1827.1.3. D1827.1.3. Noise warns of approaching death. Scotland, Wales, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1827.1.4. D1827.1.4. Sounds heard from distance at time of death. England, Wales, Scotland, U.S.: *Baughman.

D1827.2. D1827.2. Person hears call for aid from great distance. U.S.: Baughman.

D1830. D1830. Magic strength. (Cf. D1335.) Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 491.

D1830.1. D1830.1. Man‘s strength made equal to that of angel. Jewish: Neuman.

D1831. D1831. Magic strength resides in hair. (Cf. D991.) *Frazer Old Testament II 482ff., Jewish: *Neuman; *Frazer Golden Bough I 102, XI 158ff.; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 1258; *Wilken Verspreide Geschriften III 551ff.; *Fb “styrke” III 630a, “hеr” IV 241b; Krappe “Samson” Revue Archйologique (1933) 195--211.--Greek: Fox 69 (Nisos), 77 (Pterelaos); Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 67 No. 508A*, Keller; N. A. Indian (Pawnee): Dorsey MAFLS VIII 113 No. 31; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 466.

D1831.1. D1831.1. Saint binds devil with one of the hairs of her head. Irish myth: Cross.

D1831.2. D1831.2. Magic strength resides in beard. *Fb “styrke” III 630a.--Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1831.3. D1831.3. Magic strength resides in semen. (Cf. T541.10.) Gaster Thespis 327.

D1832. D1832. Magic strength by bathing. (Cf. D1242.1.) *MacCulloch Childhood 70ff.--N. A. Indian (Tsimshian, Tlingit, Haida): Boas RBAE XXXI 729.

D1833. D1833. Magic strength by touching earth. Greek: Apollodorus I 222 n. 2 (Antaeus).

D1834. D1834. Magic strength from helpful animal. Fb “styrke”.

D1835. D1835. Other means of acquiring magic strength.

D1835.1. D1835.1. Magic strength acquired by looking at necklace. Penzer V 76 n. 1.

D1835.2. D1835.2. Magic strength given horse by combing hair right way and wrong way. Scottish: Campbell-McKay No. 1 and note 2.

D1835.3. D1835.3. Magic strength by stroking. Icelandic: Sturlaugs saga St. 605, *Boberg.

D1835.4. D1835.4. Magic strength obtained by wearing blue ribbon. French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule. (Cf. D1078.1.)

D1835.5. D1835.5. Magic strength results from songs. (Cf. D1781.) Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 277.

D1835.6. D1835.6. Magic strength from demon. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 51.

D1836. D1836. Magic waxing and waning of strength. It waxes till noon and wanes thereafter. English: Wells 50 (Le Morte Arthur); Irish myth: *Cross.

D1836.1. D1836.1. Ghost‘s strength waxes and wanes with height of fire. N. A. Indian (Teton): Dorsey Am. Anth. o.s. II (1889) 150.

D1836.2. D1836.2. Strength wanes at particular places. Jewish: *Neuman.

D1836.3. D1836.3. Magic waxing of strength at night. Jewish: *Neuman.

D1837. D1837. Magic weakness. Irish myth: *Cross; Scotch: Campbell Tales II 47; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1837.1. D1837.1. Magic weakness during certain period.

D1837.1.1. D1837.1.1. Magic weakness for five days each year. (Cf. D1837.3.) Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 73f., *Cross.

D1837.2. D1837.2. Magic weakness never entirely removed. Irish myth: Cross.

D1837.3. D1837.3. Magic weakness as result of fairy’s (goddess‘s) curse. (Cf. D1837.1.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1837.4. D1837.4. Snake becomes powerless when his path is crossed by a pregnant woman. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1837.5. D1837.5. Magic weakness from eating sender’s food. Jewish: Neuman.

D1840. D1840. Magic invulnerability. **Otto Berthold Die Unverwundbarkeit in Sage und Aberglauben der Griechen (Giessen, 1911); cf. Zs. f. Vksk. XXI 415.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Herrmann Saxo II 312, *Boberg; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 150 n. 1; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 300 No. 5; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 287, 597.--Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 99, 417, Rasmussen II 260, III 105, 250; Teheulche (Patagonian): Alexander Lat. Am. 336; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 93, 233.

D1840.1. D1840.1. Magic invulnerability of saints. (Cf. Q162, V228.) *Toldo IV 84.--Irish myth: *Cross.

D1840.1.1. D1840.1.1. Magic invulnerability of saint enables him to break poisonous snakes in bare hands. Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D1840.1.2. D1840.1.2. Saint invulnerable to poison. Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D1840.1.2.1. D1840.1.2.1. Poisoned drink or food made harmless by saint‘s blessing. *Loomis White Magic 57.

D1840.1.3. D1840.1.3. St. Cecilia withstands three blows of beheading sword and lives three days after. *Loomis White Magic 116.

D1840.2. D1840.2. Magic invulnerability of animals. *Loomis White Magic 57; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1840.2.1. D1840.2.1. Invulnerable cat. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1840.2.2. D1840.2.2. Invulnerable stag. Chinese and Persian: Coyajee JPASB XXIV 182.

D1840.3. D1840.3. Magic invulnerability of ogres. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1841. D1841. Invulnerability from certain things.

D1841.1. D1841.1. Man proof against iron, stone, and wood. Hindu: Tawney I 444; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1841.2. D1841.2. Man proof against boiling water. Type 534.

D1841.2.1. D1841.2.1. Saint kept in boiling water for three days shows no signs of discomfort. *Loomis White Magic 33.

D1841.2.2. D1841.2.2. Bath in boiling oil, pitch, or melted lead does not hurt a saint. *Loomis White Magic 33.

D1841.2.2.1. D1841.2.2.1. Saint placed in boiling oil but uninjured. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1841.3. D1841.3. Burning magically evaded. (Cf. D1656.) Chauvin VI 189 No. 356; Crane Liber de Miraculis 88 No. 15; Gьnter Christliche Legende 234 s.v. “Feuer”; Cosquin Indiens 439ff.; Toldo Studien VI 298; Alphabet No. 308; *Loomis White Magic 114.--Jewish: *Neuman, Spence 51f., Gaster Rabbis 191 No. 28, 185 No. 28; Irish: *Cross, O’suilleabhain 71, Beal XXI 326; Spanish Exempla: Keller; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 311 n. 120.

D1841.3.1. D1841.3.1. Magic animal proof against burning. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1841.3.2. D1841.3.2. Fire does not injure a saint.

D1841.3.2.1. D1841.3.2.1. Fiery furnace as a mean of torture for a saint remains ineffective. *Loomis White Magic 33; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1841.3.2.2. D1841.3.2.2. Saint walks through glowing coals without harm. *Loomis White Magic 33.

D1841.3.2.3. D1841.3.2.3. Red hot iron carried with the bare hands without harm to the saint. *Loomis White Magic 34.

D1841. D1841. Saint carries fire in hand to warm guests. Irish myth: Cross.

D1841.3.2.4. D1841.3.2.4. Holy maidens carry glowing embers in their chasubles without being burned. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1841.3.3. D1841.3.3. Sacred book or manuscript does not burn in fire. *Loomis White Magic 31f.

D1841.4. D1841.4. Man proof against wet. (Cf. D1524.1, D1540, D1551, D2125, D2151.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1841.4.1. D1841.4.1. Man proof against wet from rain. *Loomis White Magic 39; Irish: Plummer cxxxvii, *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 198.--Africa (Kaffir): Theal 76.

D1841.4.2. D1841.4.2. Person proof against wet from snow. Irish myth: Cross.

D1841.4.3. D1841.4.3. Walking upon water without wetting the soles or garments. *Loomis White Magic 40.

D1841.4.3.1. D1841.4.3.1. The waters of seas, lakes, and streams turn aside and let the holy man walk through untouched by moisture. (Cf. D1551.) *Loomis White Magic 40.

D1841.4.3.2. D1841.4.3.2. Stones cast in the ocean keep dry. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1841.4.4. D1841.4.4. Rain or snow avoids certain places according to the desire of a saint or monk. *Loomis White Magic 39, 43.

D1841.4.5. D1841.4.5. Whale husband makes wife’s eyes impervious to sea water. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 127.

D1841.5. D1841.5. Invulnerability from weapons. Irish myth: Cross.

D1841.5.1. D1841.5.1. Man proof against weapons. Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 26, Rink 335.

D1841.5.1.1. D1841.5.1.1. Invulnerability from hurled stones. Jewish: Neuman.

D1841.5.2. D1841.5.2. Magic animal proof against weapons. Irish myth: *Cross; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 262.

D1841.5.3. D1841.5.3. Axe will not cut man, however much he strikes himself. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1841.6. D1841.6. Immunity from drowning. (Cf. F222.1.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1841.6.1. D1841.6.1. Magic animal proof against drowning. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1841.7. D1841.7. Magic animal proof against hound. Irish myth: Cross.

D1841.8. D1841.8. Man proof against poison. (Cf. D1840.1.2.) Icelandic: Boberg.

D1841.9. D1841.9. Invulnerability from demons. Jewish: Neuman.

D1845. D1845. Invulnerability for limited time.

D1845.1. D1845.1. Invulnerability for single day. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 109 n. 4, 110 n. 1.

D1845.2. D1845.2. Invulnerability only when dressed in certain clothes. (Cf. D1344.) Jewish: Neuman.

D1846. D1846. Attainment of invulnerability. (Cf. D1840.) *Fb “hеrd” I 772b; Icelandic: *Boberg; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 125, 138.

D1846.1. D1846.1. Invulnerability by being burned and anointed with magic ointments. (Cf. D1244.) Roscher Lexikon s.v. “Achilleus” I 24, *Grote I 218.

D1846.2. D1846.2. Invulnerability bestowed by many-headed monster. (Cf. B15.1.2.) Zulu: Callaway.

D1846.3. D1846.3. Magic horse renders rider invulnerable. (Cf. B184.1.11.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1846.4. D1846.4. Invulnerability through bathing in dragon‘s blood. *Von Sydow Sigurds Strid med Fеvne 27ff.; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *650A.

D1846.4.1. D1846.4.1. Attainment of invulnerability through magic bath. Icelandic: Boberg.

D1846.5. D1846.5. Invulnerability bestowed by saint. (Cf. V220.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1846.5.1. D1846.5.1. Invulnerability by invoking saint. Irish myth: Cross.

D1846.5.2. D1846.5.2. Pious man in city renders it invulnerable. Jewish: Neuman.

D1846.6. D1846.6. Man killed and restored as invulnerable. Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 503.

D1847. D1847. Loss of invulnerability. Irish myth: Cross.

D1847.1. D1847.1. Invulnerability lost if man forgets sweetheart. English: Child I 189f.; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1850. D1850. Immortality. (Cf. D1346.) Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1850.1. D1850.1. Immortality useless without eternal youth. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1850.2. D1850.2. Woman changes into an immortal. Chinese: Graham.

D1851. D1851. Immortality bestowed. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 44 n. 1 (Hercules).

D1851.1. D1851.1. Immortality by burning. Greek: Roscher Lexikon s.v. “Achilleus” I 24, Frazer Apollodorus II 69 n. 4, I 37 n. (burning and stripping off mortal flesh [Demophon]) *Carl-Martin Edsman Ignis Divinus: Le feu comme moyen de rajeunissement et d’immortalitй (Publications of the New Society of Letters No. 34, Lund, 1949).

D1851.2. D1851.2. Immortality gained from bargain with Death. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1851.3. D1851.3. Immortality bestowed by saint. (Cf. V220.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1851.4. D1851.4. Immortality bestowed by Christ. (Cf. V211.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1851.5. D1851.5. Immortality bestowed by deity. Greek: Grote I 174, 284, 287.

D1853. D1853. Immortality exchanged. Wounded Centaur immortal but cannot be cured. He gives away his immortality to Prometheus and is thus allowed to die. Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 191 n. 3.

D1853.1. D1853.1. Immortality exchanged for death on alternate days. Greek: Grote I 158.

D1854. D1854. Giant immortal so long as he touches land of his birth. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 44 n. 1.

D1855. D1855. Time of death postponed. (Cf. D1345, D1857.) Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1855.1. D1855.1. Witch delays person‘s death. Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 234.

D1855.2. D1855.2. Death postponed if substitute can be found. Greek: Euripides Alcestis, *Grote I 108; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1855.3. D1855.3. Saint delays person’s death. (Cf. V220.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1855.4. D1855.4. Death can be postponed if man does not break tabu for forty days. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1855.5. D1855.5. Life prolonged a thousand years by traveling six months each year. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1855.6. D1855.6. Death postponed for three generations. Greek: *Grote I 202.

D1856. D1856. Death evaded. Person enters on the next life without dying. Greek: Fox 53 (Amphiaraos); Hebrew: Genesis 5:24, 2 Kings 2:11; U.S.: Baughman.

D1856.1. D1856.1. Hero (saint) taken to Paradise (Heaven) alive.

D1856.1.1. D1856.1.1. “The Two Sorrows of the Kingdom of Heaven”: Elijah and Enoch pass to otherworld without dying. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1856.2. D1856.2. Three Nephites are granted quasi-immortal state by Jesus Christ at time of resurrection. (Cf. V294.) U.S.: Baughman.

D1857. D1857. Magic longevity. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1857.1. D1857.1. Old woman has lived for ages. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1857.2. D1857.2. Two hundred years of unfailing life and happiness offered to warrior by fairy woman in exchange for one day‘s delay of battle. Irish myth: Cross.

D1860. D1860. Magic beautification. BP I 86ff., 99ff., 165ff., 207ff. (Gr. Nos. 11, 13, 21, 24); *Loomis White Magic 80, 82; Cox Cinderella 481 n. 12 (most of references there given).--Irish: *Cross, Beal XXI 335; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “beautй”; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 17; Jewish: Neuman; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 527.--N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 349 n. 259, (Zuсi): Parsons JAFL XXXI 244 No. 16; Africa (Fjort): Dennett 43 No. 6, (Hottentot): Bleek 76 No. 35.--See also all references to D732 and D733.

D1860.0.1. D1860.0.1. Magic beautification of fairy. (Cf. D732, F234.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1862. D1862. Magic beauty bestowed. Jewish: Neuman.

D1862.1. D1862.1. Magic beauty bestowed by supernatural wife. S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 44.

D1862.2. D1862.2. Magic beauty bestowed by saint. Jewish: Neuman.

D1863. D1863. Beautification by stroking (tapping). Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 207.

D1864. D1864. Magic beautification through prayer by saint. (Cf. D1766.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1865. D1865. Beautification by death and resuscitation.

D1865.1. D1865.1. Beautification by decapitation and replacement of head. *Type 531.--Italian Novella: Rotunda; Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 503.

D1865.2. D1865.2. Beautification by boiling and resuscitation. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 156 n. 2 (Pelops); N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 349 n. 258.

D1865.2.1. D1865.2.1. Girl becomes more beautiful as she is burned but her brother, who loves her incestuously, turns to charcoal. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1865.3. D1865.3. Face of pious girl becomes angelic at death. Irish: O’Suilleabhain 115.

D1866. D1866. Other means of beautification.

D1866.1. D1866.1. Beautification by bathing. Irish myth: Cross; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 70 No. 531; India: Thompson-Balys; Indonesian: Dixon 216; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 159, 161; Tonga: Gifford 186; Easter Island: Mйtraux Ethnology 388.

D1866.2. D1866.2. Beautification by removal of skin. (Cf. D1889.6.) German: Grimm No. 179.

D1866.3. D1866.3. Beautification by fasting. Jewish: Neuman.

D1867. D1867. Magic beautification of house. Irish myth: *Cross; Africa (Fjort): Dennett 40 No. 5.

D1867.1. D1867.1. Hut becomes mansion. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1868. D1868. Magic beautification of animal.

D1868.1. D1868.1. Broken-down nag becomes magnificent riding horse. Type 314.--India: Thompson-Balys.

D1870. D1870. Magic hideousness. (Cf. D1337, D1860, M400.) See references to following motifs: D732, D733, D621.3.--BP I 86ff., 99ff., 165ff., 207ff. (Gr. Nos. 11, 13, 21, 24); *Loomis White Magic 82; Cox Cinderella 481 n. 12. References to BP and to Cox concern motif Q2 (Kind and Unkind) which usually involves magic hideousness.--Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Jewish: Neuman.--S. A. Indian (Carajб): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 48, (Toba): ibid. 87; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 273.

D1871. D1871. Girl magically made hideous. Irish myth: Cross.

D1872. D1872. Man made hideous.

D1872.1. D1872.1. Handsome man magically made ugly. Irish myth: Cross.

D1873. D1873. Object magically made hideous.

D1873.1. D1873.1. Picture magically made hideous. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1880. D1880. Magic rejuvenation. Irish: Plummer clxxxiv, *Cross; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 180; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “vieille”, “rajeunissement”; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Hindu: Keith 31; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 960.--N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 284 n. 50; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 208, 238.

D1881. D1881. Magic self-rejuvenation. Persian: Carnoy 277.

D1882. D1882. Rejuvenation by supernatural person. Irish myth: Cross.

D1882.1. D1882.1. Rejuvenation by saint. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1882.2. D1882.2. Rejuvenation by fairy. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1883. D1883. Eternal youth. (Cf. F167.9, F172.) Irish myth: Cross; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 424, 447.

D1884. D1884. Rejuvenation by dismemberment. (Cf. D1885.1.) *Dh II 154; BP III 198 n. 3; Gaster Thespis 266, 300.

D1885. D1885. Rejuvenation by boiling. (Cf. D1865.) *Fb “ungdom” III 979ab.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “rajeunissement”; Greek: Fox 114, Frazer Apollodorus I 121 n. 4.

D1885.1. D1885.1. Rejuvenation by dismemberment and boiling. (Cf. D1884.) Girard de Rialle RTP I 74; *Fb “ungdom” III 979ab; Greek: Grote I 110.

D1886. D1886. Rejuvenation by burning. *Type 753; *BP III 198 (Gr. No. 147); *FB “ungdom” III 979; *Dh II 154, 162ff., 288; *Bolte Herrigs Archiv CII 241--266, CIV 355; Kцhler-Bolte I 298; *Carl-Martin Edsman Ignis Divinus: Le feu comme moyen de rajeunissement et d‘immortalitй (Publications of the New Society of Letters No. 34, Lund 1949).--Icelandic: Ritterhaus 338; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “four”; German: Hartung Zs. f. Vksk. VII 89, Piger ibid. X 84; Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 121 n. 4; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1886.1. D1886.1. Rejuvenation by burning and throwing bones into tub of milk. (Cf. D1338.4.) England: Child I 507b.

D1887. D1887. Rejuvenation by bathing. Irish myth: *Cross; Hindu: Keith 87, 141.

D1889. D1889. Miscellaneous means of rejuvenation.

D1889.1. D1889.1. Rejuvenation by reading in book. (Cf. D1266.) Fb “ungdom” III 979b.

D1889.2. D1889.2. Rejuvenation by looking into mirror. (Cf. D1163.) Fb “ungdom” III 979b.

D1889.3. D1889.3. Rejuvenation by song of pelican. (Cf. D1275.) Fb “ungdom” III 979b.

D1889.4. D1889.4. Rejuvenation by smelling apple. (Cf. D981.1, D1338.3.1.) Fb “ungdom” III 979b.

D1889.5. D1889.5. Rejuvenation by going to other world and having digestive tract removed. Chinese: Hartland Science 178.

D1889.6. D1889.6. Rejuvenation by changing skin. Penzer IX 48 n.; Icelandic: *Boberg; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 227; Africa (Congo): Grenfell (Baluba) 814f., (Wachaga): Gutman 120.

D1889.7. D1889.7. Rejuvenation by being reborn. Man in fish form eaten and reborn. (Cf. T511.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1889.8. D1889.8. Rejuvenation by riding surf. Marquesas: Beckwith Myth 502, Handy 60.

D1889.9. D1889.9. Rejuvenation by drinking from magic horn. Irish myth: Cross.

D1889.10. D1889.10. Rejuvenation by conjuring. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 272, 322, III 248, Rink 238.

D1889.11. D1889.11. Rejuvenation by jumping over cliff. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 403.

D1890. D1890. Magic aging. (Cf. D1857.) Fb “ungdom” III 979b; *Loomis White Magic 80; Penzer I 137.--Irish: Plummer clxxiv, *Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “vieux”; Estonian: Hartland Science 201; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 284 n. 50b.

D1891. D1891. Transformation to old man to escape recognition. Icelandic: FSS 27, Boberg; Maori: Dixon 60; Calif. Indian: Gayton and Newman 80.

D1895. D1895. Magic aging by bathing. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1896. D1896. Magic aging by contact with earth after otherworld journey. Fb “jord” II 46a; Hartland Science 197ff.--Irish myth: *Cross; England, Wales: Baughman.

D1897. D1897. Youngest of the three Magi becomes the senior through power of the Savior. Irish myth: Cross.

D1900. D1900. Love induced by magic. (Cf. D1355, D1825.1.2.) *Type 580; Kittredge Witchcraft 104ff nn. 1--22 passim; Malory Morte Darthur VIII 1; K. Reuschel “Die Sage vom Liebeszauber Karls des Grossen in dichterischen Behandlungen der Neuzeit” (Philolog. u. volkskundliche Arbeiten K. Vollmцller dargeboten, 1908, pp. 371ff.); Zs. f. Vksk. XIX 243; Crane Miraculis 389ff. No. 34.--India: Thompson-Balys; Penzer II 43; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 77; Cherokee: Mooney RBAE XIX 259 No. 12; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1900.0.1. D1900.0.1. Love purified by magic. Irish myth: Cross.

D1900.1. D1900.1. Favor with royalty induced by magic. *Kittredge Witchcraft 108 nn. 32--48 passim; Heptameron No. 1; England: Baughman.

D1901. D1901. Witches induce love. *Kittredge Witchcraft 30, 382 nn. 52--54.--England: Baughman; Icelandic: Boberg; Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D1903. D1903. Power of inducing love given by animals. (Cf. B500.) India: Thompson-Balys; Pawnee: Dorsey CI LIX 301 No. 83.

D1904. D1904. Love-compelling man sickens of bargain. A man given the power of making all women love him is smothered to death by them. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 277 n. 19a.

D1905. D1905. Means of inducing love. (Cf. D1355ff.)

D1905.1. D1905.1. Girl’s heart magically removed and fed to man draws her to him. Cherokee: Mooney RBAE XIX 278 No. 30.

D1905.2. D1905.2. Apple divided and eaten as love charm. (Cf. D1355.7.) *Hdwb. d. Mдrchens s.v. “Baum”.

D1905.3. D1905.3. Love by curse. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D1908. D1908. Love lost by magic.

D1908.1. D1908.1. Husband’s love magically turns to hatred. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1910. D1910. Magic memory. Penzer I 12 n. 1; Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1910.0.1. D1910.0.1. Book written by man with marvelous memory. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1911. D1911. Person remembers all he has ever learned. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1920. D1920. Other permanent magic characteristics.

D1921. D1921. Magic carrying power of voice. Irish: Plummer clxxii, *Cross; England, U.S.: Baughman; Jewish: Neuman.

D1922. D1922. Magic power of hearing. Irish: Plummer clxxi, *Cross.

D1923. D1923. Power to hit whatever one aims at. Fb “friskytte” I 373; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 2; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1924. D1924. Magic immunity from fatigue. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1925. D1925. Fecundity magically induced. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1925.1. D1925.1. Barrenness removed by eating or drinking. *Hartland Paternity I 30ff.; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1925.2. D1925.2. Barrenness removed by bathing. *Hartland Paternity I 77ff.; Irish myth: *Cross.

D1925.3. D1925.3. Barrenness removed by prayer. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1925.4. D1925.4. Barrenness removed by saint‘s blessing. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1926. D1926. Craftsmanship magically bestowed by saint. (Cf. D1713, D1722.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1927. D1927. Appetite magically diminished. (Cf. V221.10.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1931. D1931. Hate induced by magic. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1932. D1932. Druids can pass through trees. (Cf. F694.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1933. D1933. Magic power of lighting empty lamp by breathing on it used for divination. (Cf. D1311.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1935. D1935. Any work touched automatically done.

D1936. D1936. Magic fleetness of foot.

D1936.1. D1936.1. Donning skin makes woman fleet. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 156.



D1960. D1960. Magic sleep. *Type 410; *BP I 440, III 261; *Fb “sove” III 472b. Irish: *Cross, O’Suilleabhain 35(a), Beal XXI 312; Icelandic: Panzer Sigfrid 113ff., Krappe Scandinavian Studies X (1928) 14--25, *Boberg; French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 11; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 236; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 144; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 428, Rasmussen I 310, 367, II 168, 197.

D1960.1. D1960.1. Seven sleepers. (Rip Van Winkle.) Magic sleep extending over many years. **Huber Die Wanderlegende von den Siebenschlдfern; Type 763*; *Chauvin VII 102 No. 376; *Hartland Science 173ff.; *Frazer Pausanias II 121; Alphabet No. 283; *Loomis White Magic 115.--Irish myth: *Cross; Finnish-Swedish: Wessman 18 No. 163; Jewish: Neuman; N. A. Indian: cf. Thompson Tales 314 No. 143.

D1960.1.1. D1960.1.1. Mighty sleeper. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1960.2. D1960.2. Kyffhдuser. King asleep in mountain (Barbarossa, King Marko, Holger Danske, etc.) will awake one day to succor his people. *BP III 460; *Feilberg Danske Studier (1920) 97ff.; **Weltig Der Sagenkreis des Kyffhдusers (Bremen, 1891); *Wehrhan Die Sage 47ff.; *Hartland Science 170ff.; *Krappe “Die Sage vom Kцnig im Berge” (Mitt. d. schles. Gesell. f. Volkskunde XXX (1935) 76--102).--Celtic: MacCulloch Celtic 15, 180; England, Scotland, U.S.: *Baughman; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3595; Armenian: Ananikian 34; Jewish: Neuman; Persian: Carnoy 327; India: Thompson-Balys, Keith 173.

D1960.2.1. D1960.2.1. King asleep in mountain will awake when his horse‘s shoes are worn down. Every seven years the horse goes around the castle. He must wear his half-inch silver shoes to thinness of cat’s ear before the king awakes. Howey 9.

D1960.3. D1960.3. Sleeping Beauty. Magic sleep for definite period (e.g., a hundred years). *Type 410; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1960.4. D1960.4. Deathlike sleep. Jewish: Neuman.

D1961. D1961. Sleepless watcher magically put to sleep. Usually has a magic watchful eye, which remains awake while his many other eyes sleep. (Argus). *Frazer Apollodorus I 109 n. 4; Kцhler-Bolte I 101; *Fb “шje” III 1166.

D1962. D1962. Means of inducing magic sleep. (Cf. D1364.)

D1962.1. D1962.1. Magic sleep through curse. *Type 410.

D1962.2. D1962.2. Magic sleep by lousing. Picking the lice from the head of an old person or an ogre is used to put him to sleep. *Type 300; Hartland Perseus III 211; *Kцhler-Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. VI 62 (to Gonzenbach No. 9).--English: Child V 487 s.v. “lousing”; India: Thompson-Balys; Jamaica: Beckwith MAFLS XVII 2 No. 1a; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 326 n. 174; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 364; Africa (Thonga): Junod 226.

D1962.3. D1962.3. Magic sleep by hairdressing. Head laid on another’s lap. *Cox Cinderella 498 n. 34; MacCulloch Childhood 31; India: Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian (Dakota): Schoolcraft Hiawatha 184.

D1962.3.1. D1962.3.1. Magic sleep brought on by combing hero‘s hair lasts six months. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1962.4. D1962.4. Magic sleep by hypnotic suggestion. MacCulloch Childhood 33.

D1962.4.1. D1962.4.1. Lulling to sleep by “sleepy” stories (songs). N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 322 n. 162, (Bella Coola): Boas JE I 98.

D1962.4.2. D1962.4.2. Song (crуnбn) used to lull children to sleep. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1962.5. D1962.5. Snakes put to sleep by music on harp. (Cf. B765, D1275.1.) Icelandic: Vцlsunga saga ch. 39 (37), Boberg.

D1962.6. D1962.6. Magic sleep from breaking tabu.

D1962.6.1. D1962.6.1. Magic sleep when hero breaks fruit open too soon. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1964. D1964. Magic sleep induced by certain person.

D1964.1. D1964.1. Savage elephant lulled to sleep by virgin. Penzer III 172. (Cf. B13.1.)

D1964.2. D1964.2. Magic sleep induced by disappointed suitor. BP III 261.

D1964.3. D1964.3. Magic sleep induced by abductor. (Cf. K1349.4.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1964.4. D1964.4. Magic sleep induced by druid. (Cf. D1711.4.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1964.5. D1964.5. Magic sleep induced by saint. (Cf. V220.) *Loomis White Magic 129.

D1964.6. D1964.6. Magic sleep induced by deity. Greek: Homer Iliad II 395, Odyssey XVIII 191.

D1965. D1965. Guardian magically made to sleep while girl goes to lover. (Cf. K1349.4, T30.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1965.1. D1965.1. Guardian magically made to sleep while lover visits maiden. Irish myth: Cross.

D1967. D1967. Person in magic sleep surrounded by protecting fire. BP I 440; *Panzer Sigfrid 281 s.v. “Waberlohe”.

D1967.1. D1967.1. Person in magic sleep surrounded by protecting hedge. Type 410; German: Grimm Nos. 3, 50.

D1971. D1971. Three-fold magic sleep. Husband (lover) put to sleep by false bride. Only on the third night (the last chance) he wakes. *Types 303, 313; BP II 51, 273; Cox Cinderella 481.--Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 61 No 445A.

D1978.4. D1978.4. Hero wakened from magic sleep by wife who has purchased place in his bed from false bride.

D1972. D1972. Lover‘s magic sleep at rendezvous. A lover (husband) is to meet his mistress but magically oversleeps. *Type 400; Chauvin V 145 No. 71 n. 1; *Fb “sove” III 472b; *Dickson 94 n. 78; Wesselski Mцnchslatein 172 No. 138; Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1973. D1973. Magic sleep: in order to sleep off period of enchantment. India: Thompson-Balys.

D1975. D1975. Dragon-fighter’s magic sleep. While waiting for fight with dragon, hero falls into magic sleep. (Cf. D1962.2.) *Type 300; *Hartland Perseus III 211.--French Canadian: Barbeau JAFL XXIX 20; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1976. D1976. Experiences during magic sleep.

D1976.1. D1976.1. Transportation during magic sleep. Dickson 223; Irish myth: *Cross; Greek: Homer Odyssey XVIII 121; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1976.2. D1976.2. Future spouse met during magic sleep. Irish myth: *Cross.

D1978. D1978. Waking from sleep.

D1978.1. D1978.1. Waking from magic sleep by cutting off finger. Type 300; *Hartland Perseus III 211f.; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1978.2. D1978.2. Waking from magic sleep by letting tear fall on sleeper. Type 300; *Hartland Perseus III 211.

D1978.3. D1978.3. Waking from magic sleep by removal of enchanting instrument. BP I 436; *Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XX 354; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1978.4. D1978.4. Hero wakened from magic sleep by wife who has purchased place in his bed from false bride. (Cf. D1971.) Cox Cinderella 481; Type 313; BP II 51, 273; Indonesia: DeVries’ list No. 176.

D1978.5. D1978.5. Waking from magic sleep by kiss. *Type 410.

D1980. D1980. Magic invisibility. *Type 306; *Bolte Reise der Sцhne Giaffers 214; *Chauvin VII 39 No. 212B, 103 No. 377; *Loomis White Magic 51; *Fb “usynlig”; Penzer VIII 36f.--Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 65, 208, *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 189; Icelandic: *Boberg; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “invisibilitй”; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys, Keith 152; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 49, 109f., 134 No. 92.--Africa (Zulu): Callavay 223, (Fang): Trilles 269.

D1981. D1981. Certain persons invisible. Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D1981.1. D1981.1. Magic invisibility of gods. Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 55, *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D1981.2. D1981.2. Magic invisibility of saints. (Cf. V229.8.) *Toldo IV 80; Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; Icelandic: Boberg.

D1981.3. D1981.3. Magic invisibility of druids. (Cf. D1711.4.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1981.4. D1981.4. Magic invisibility of ogre. (Cf. G301.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D1981.5. D1981.5. Magic invisibility of priests. Jewish: Neuman.

D1981.6. D1981.6. Magic invisibility of angels. Jewish: Neuman.

D1982. D1982. Certain objects invisible.

D1982.1. D1982.1. Magic door invisible to women. *Chauvin VI 134 No. 286 n. 2.

D1982.2. D1982.2. Ship made invisible. Kittredge Witchcraft 46, 399 n. 176.

D1982.3. D1982.3. Chariot made invisible. Irish myth: Cross.

D1982.4. D1982.4. Food and drink appear and disappear in otherworld. (Cf. D1030, D1040.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D1982.5. D1982.5. Boat made invisible. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 293.

D1983. D1983. Invisibility conferred on person.

D1983.1. D1983.1. Invisibility conferred by a god. (Cf. A180.) Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Fox 127 (Paris).

D1983.2. D1983.2. Invisibility conferred by fairy. (Cf. D1723.) Irish myth: Cross.

D1985. D1985. Means of acquiring invisibility. Penzer I 136, VI 149 n. 1.

D1985.1. D1985.1. Invisibility by scarification. Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 212 No. 31.

D1985.2. D1985.2. Invisibility by reciting formula backwards. *Penzer VI 149 n. 1.

D2000. D2000. Magic forgetfulness. *Cox Cinderella 511; *Kittredge Witchcraft 55, 406 nn. 241, 242.--Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “oubli”; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 457, Rasmussen III 145.

D2003. D2003. Forgotten fiancйe. Young husband visiting his home breaks tabu and forgets his wife. Later she succeeds in reawakening his memory. (For details of the ways in which the memory is lost and regained see D2004 and D2006.--*Type 313C, 425; Tegethoff 50ff.; *BP I 442, II 56, 527, III 338, 406, 443 (Gr. Nos. 56, 67, 113, 186, 193, 198); Cox Cinderella 511; *Fb “brud” IV 65a; Jiriczek Der Vergessenheitstrank in der Niebelungensage (Zs. f. vgl. Littgsch. N. F. VII 49): Kцhler-Bolte I 169.--English: Child I 461 and note; Icelandic: *Boberg; Korean: Zong in-Sob 25; American Indian (European borrowings): Thompson CColl II 343, 367--371 (Micmac, New Mexican Spanish, Thompson River, Chilcotin), (cf. Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 91 No. 5.

D2003.1. D2003.1. Husband magically forgets wife. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2004. D2004. Means of bringing about magic forgetfulness.

D2004.1. D2004.1. Curse of forgetfulness. *Cox Cinderella 512; Kцhler-Bolte I 170.--Icelandic: *Boberg; Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D2004.2. D2004.2. Kiss of forgetfulness. *Type 313; *Cox Cinderella 511 and practically all references given under D2003 (Forgotten Fiancйe); *Fb “kys” II 349.--Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D2004.2.1. D2004.2.1. Dog‘s licking of man produces forgetfulness. Fb “glemme”.

D2004.3. D2004.3. Forgetfulness by eating. Fb “glemme” I 462, “spise” III 495.--Icelandic: *Boberg.

D2004.3.1. D2004.3.1. Forgetfulness by drinking. Herrmann Saxo II 590.--Africa (Fjort): Dennett 36 No. 4.

D2004.4. D2004.4. Forgetfulness by spitting. Greek: Fox 63 (Polydos).

D2004.5. D2004.5. Forgetting by stumbling. A name or formula is magically forgotten when one stumbles (or jumps). Type 1687*.--Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “nom”; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *1687; Russian: Andrejev No. 1687*; India: Thompson--Balys; Japanese: Ikeda; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 303 n. 109g; Africa (Kaffir): Theal 114, (Ila, Rhodesia): Smith and Dale II 394 No. 18.

D2004.5.1. D2004.5.1. Forgetting by stepping over log. Papua: Ker 36.

D2004.6. D2004.6. Magic forgetting of wife when husband removes shirt she has given him. Fb “glemme” I 462.

D2004.7. D2004.7. Forgetfulness from fright. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2004.8. D2004.8. Forgetfulness by mourning. Jewish: Neuman.

D2004.9. D2004.9. Forgetfulness caused by specific place. Jewish: Neuman.

D2004.9.1. D2004.9.1. Forgetfulness caused by Tower of Babel. (Cf. F772.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D2004.10. D2004.10. Barking of brazen dogs causes forgetfulness. (Cf. D1620.) Jewish: Neuman.

D2006. D2006. Magic reawakening of memory. (Cf. D1360, D1910.) Irish: Plummer lxxx, Cross.

D2006.1. D2006.1. Forgotten fiancйe reawakens husband’s memory.

D2006.1.1. D2006.1.1. Forgotten fiancйe reawakens husband’s memory by detaining lovers through magic. Heroine takes up residence near home of her forgetful husband. She is apparently going to permit a lover to sleep with her when she detains him by having him try to place some magic birds on their roost. They continue to fall down throughout the night. (Or the lover is left magically sticking to a calf‘s tail or other object.) The thwarted lover tells of his experience, and in this way the attention of the husband is gained. *Type 313; Tegethoff 50; *BP II 231 n. 1; *Cosquin Lorraine II 28; Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys; Thompson River: Thompson CColl II 372 (European borrowing).

D2006.1.2. D2006.1.2. Forgotten fiancйe reawakens husband’s memory by serving as milkmaid and talking to calf. *Type 313; BP III 339 (Gr. 186).

D2006.1.3. D2006.1.3. Forgotten fiancйe reawakens husband‘s memory by having magic doves converse. *Type 313; Kцhler-Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. VI 65; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2006.1.4. D2006.1.4. Forgotten fiancйe buys place in husband’s bed and reawakens his memory. *Types 313, 425; *BP II 234ff., 527 n. 2; Tegethoff 52f.--Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 165.

D2006.1.5. D2006.1.5. Forgotten fiancйe attracts attention by magically stopping wedding carriage of new bride. *Type 313; BP II 517 (incident G).

D2006.1.6. D2006.1.6. Forgotten fiancйe remembered by means of doll. *Bolte Reise der Sцhne Giaffers 221.

D2006.1.7. D2006.1.7. Forgotten fiancйe remembered by means of bird. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2006.1.8. D2006.1.8. Piece of wood revives memory. (Cf. D956.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D2006.1.9. D2006.1.9. Forgotten wife remembered by seeing her initials. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2006.1.10. D2006.1.10. Forgotten wife gives food to beggar: husband‘s memory reawakened. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 527.

D2006.2. D2006.2. Sight of old home reawakens memory and brings about return from other world. Hartland Science 200.--N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 330 n. 193; *Thompson Star Husband; Melanesia: Codrington 365.

D2006.2.1. D2006.2.1. Longing of human child of sky-mother to visit father on earth. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2011. D2011. Years thought days. (Cf. F379.5.) Years spent in the other world or asleep seem as days because of magic forgetfulness. *Type 470; *Fb “tid” III 790a; Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 561, 562; *Kцhler-Bolte II 224ff., 406ff.; *Hartland Science 162ff.--Irish: MacCulloch Celtic 116, 119, 181f., *Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “temps”; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 101; Scottish: McKay Bealoideas III 138; English: Child V 290a; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. *472; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Japanese: Ikeda; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 299, (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 459; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 314 n. 143.

D2011.1. D2011.1. Years seem moments while man listens to song of bird. **Hammerich Munken og Fuglen (Kшbenhavn, 1933); *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 562; *Herbert III 67; Longfellow “The Golden Legend”; Hartland Science 188f.--Irish: Plummer clxxxvi, *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 104; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 472A*; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV No. 471*; Russian: Andrejev Ukazatel’ Skazochnik No. 471.

D2011.1.1. D2011.1.1. Day seems moment while saint listens to music made by bird’s wing. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2011.1.2. D2011.1.2. Three days and three nights seem one hour as saint preaches. (Cf. Z71.1.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2011.2. D2011.2. Two friars perceive no passing of time from Shrovetide till following Easter while they talk of Christ. Irish myth: Cross.

D2011.3. D2011.3. Years are as moments to creator. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2012. D2012. Moments thought years. In a moment a person seems to experience events of many years. Hartland Science 226f.; Wesselski Mдrchen 255 No. 65; *Krappe Bulletin Hispanique XXXV (1933) 114f., Scandinavian Studies 19 (1947) 217--224; Irish myth: *Cross.

D2012.1. D2012.1. King in the bath; years of experience in a moment. This illusion takes place when the king puts his head under water. *Chauvin VII 106 No. 94; Penzer VII 244ff.; Hartland Science 225ff.

D2012.2. D2012.2. Wizard gives man the illusion that he has been away twenty (forty) years. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D2020. D2020. Magic dumbness. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “muet”; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 154.

D2021. D2021. Causes of magic dumbness.

D2021.1. D2021.1. Dumbness as curse. *Type 710; *BP I 21; Tawney I 5.

D2025. D2025. Magic recovery of speech.

D2025.0.1. D2025.0.1. Magic (loss and) recovery of speech. Irish myth: Cross.

D2025.1. D2025.1. Speech magically recovered on execution stake. Type 710.

D2025.2. D2025.2. Speech magically recovered when certain bird is caught. Africa (Kaffir): Theal 80.

D2025.3. D2025.3. Speech magically recovered when third person guesses secret transaction. Tawney I 5.

D2025.4. D2025.4. Dumbness magically cured by astonishment. Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 224 No. 33.

D2025.5. D2025.5. Speech magically recovered on Hallowe‘en. (Cf. V70.5.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2030. D2030. Other temporary magic characteristics.

D2031. D2031. Magic illusion. *BP III 203; *Loomis White Magic 51; Irish myth: *Cross; Danish: Kristensen Danske Sagn VI (1900) 426ff., (1936) 193ff., Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 93, *Boberg.

D2031.0.1. D2031.0.1. Saints cause illusions. Irish: Plummer clix, clxix, *Cross.

D2031.0.2. D2031.0.2. Fairies cause illusions. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2031.0.3. D2031.0.3. Magic illusion dissipated by sign of the cross. Irish myth: Cross.

D2031.0.4. D2031.0.4. Druids cause illusions. (Cf. D2031.4.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2031.0.5. D2031.0.5. Giantess’ punishment is pure illusion. Icelandic: Egils saga og Asm. 58, Boberg.

D2031.1. D2031.1. Magician makes people lift garments to avoid wetting in imaginary river. *BP III 203; Dickson 222 n. 18; Danish: Kristensen Danske Sagn VI (1900) 426ff; FSS 22--23, Boberg; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 137 No. 103; Lappish: Qvigstad FFC LX 51 No. 99.

D2031.1.2. D2031.1.2. People swim in imaginary rising river. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D2031.2. D2031.2. Thread made to appear as a large log carried by a cock. *BP III 203.

D2031.3. D2031.3. Pursued animal runs through imaginary river. Dickson 222 n. 17.

D2031.4. D2031.4. Hideous person magically makes self seem beautiful. Malone PMLA XLIII 417.

D2031.4.1. D2031.4.1. Druid makes self appear ugly on one side, beautiful on other. (Cf. D2031.0.4.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2031.4.2. D2031.4.2. Magician appears as swineherd, dwarf, and giant in order to seduce queen and scorns her later in the same shapes. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D2031.4.3. D2031.4.3. Magician appears as beggar or old man in order to free prisoners. Icelandic: FSS 22--23, Boberg.

D2031.5. D2031.5. Man magically made to believe himself bishop, archbishop, and pope. When he continues to refuse payment to the magician, the latter shows him the reality. *Chauvin II 151 No. 11.

D2031.6. D2031.6. Magic illusion as protection.

D2031.6.1. D2031.6.1. Man made to appear to pursuers as woman carrying babe. Irish myth: Cross.

D2031.6.2. D2031.6.2. Son made to appear to pursuers as spinning wheel, buck, and hog. Icelandic: Boberg.

D2031.6.3. D2031.6.3. Lonesome wife scares robbers by making it appear that her husband is at home. Icelandic: Boberg.

D2031.6.4. D2031.6.4. Pursuers confused in other ways by magic illusion. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D2031.7. D2031.7. Horse made to appear as tree-trunk. Irish myth: Cross.

D2031.8. D2031.8. Armies separated with illusion that each has won object of contention. Irish myth: Cross.

D2031.9. D2031.9. Enemy‘s last arrow made to appear crooked so that he does not use it, and adversary gets time to kill him. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D2031.10. D2031.10. Spear made to appear as a reed in order to kill treacherously. Icelandic: Boberg.

D2031.11. D2031.11. Illusive fire stops men. Danish: Kristensen Danske Sagn III (1895) 452--53, (1931) 310--11; Icelandic: Boberg.

D2031.12. D2031.12. Sea water made to behave like solid earth. Irish myth: Cross.

D2031.13. D2031.13. Magic rath always seems distant, never near. Irish myth: Cross.

D2031.14. D2031.14. Illusion: mountains seem to be fighting. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2031.15. D2031.15. Goat appears to be two every time man aims. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2031.16. D2031.16. Vision of food arises to tempt fasting women. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2031.17. D2031.17. Storm appears to be island. Eskimo (Central): Boas RBAE VI 622.

D2031.18. D2031.18. Person appears to be in several places at once. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 141.

D2032. D2032. Magic avoidance of fatigue. (Cf. D1924.) *Fb “hest” I 600.

D2033. D2033. Thirst magically caused to disappear. (Cf. D1349.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2034. D2034. Crying induced by magic as trick to force child’s mother. Icelandic: Egils saga Einhenda 66, *Boberg.

D2035. D2035. Magic heaviness. Loomis White Magic 49.

D2036. D2036. Magic homesickness. Greek: Homer Odyssey XV 66, Iliad III 139.

D2038. D2038. Animal becomes magically larger.

D2038.1. D2038.1. Centipede becomes large enough to kill demon. Chinese: Graham.



D2050. D2050. Destructive magic power.

D2060. D2060. Death or bodily injury by magic. (Cf. C920f., D1207.1, D1400, D2089.3.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2061. D2061. Magic murder. (Cf. D1402.) Icelandic: *Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 115, 120.

D2061.1. D2061.1. Kinds of death produced by magic. (Cf. D1896.)

D2061.1.1. D2061.1.1. Person magically reduced to ashes. (Cf. D1896.) Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer IV 232, 244; Chauvin V 16 n. 2, 293.

D2061.1.1.1. D2061.1.1.1. Person magically reduced to pile of bones. Jewish: Neuman.

D2061.1.2. D2061.1.2. Persons magically caused to dance selves to death. Aztec: Alexander Lat. Am. 66.

D2061.1.3. D2061.1.3. Poisoning by magic. *Kittredge Witchcraft 136ff., 457f. nn. 1--29 passim; Irish myth: *Cross; England, U.S.: Baughman.

D2061.1.4. D2061.1.4. Persons magically made to decay and die. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2061.1.5. D2061.1.5. Plague magically invoked. Irish myth: Cross.

D2061.2. D2061.2. Means employed in magic murder.

D2061.2.1. D2061.2.1. Death-giving glance. (Cf. F555.7.) Hartland Perseus III 59f.; *Krappe Balor 1ff.; Penzer II 298, IV 232, VIII 75 n. 1; Chauvin V 16 n. 2, 293; Gaster Rabbis 225 No. 203.--Greek: Fox 35 (Gorgon); Irish myth: *Cross; England, Wales, U.S.: *Baughman; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Persian: Carnoy 336; N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 344 n. 242, (Calif): Gayton and Newman 92; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 65.

D2061.2.1.1. D2061.2.1.1. Evil eye sets bird on fire. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2061.2.2. D2061.2.2. Murder by sympathetic magic. An object or an animal is abused or destroyed to bring about the death of a person. *Cox Cinderella 491; Herbert III 200; Oesterley No. 102; *Kittredge Witchcraft 73ff., 411ff. nn. 1--171; Irish myth: Cross; Heptameron No. 1.

D2061.2.2.1. D2061.2.2.1. Person whose shadow is pierced by spear falls dead. Irish myth: Cross.

D2061.2.2.2. D2061.2.2.2. Spell chanted over person‘s shadow brings death. Irish myth: Cross.

D2061.2.2.3. D2061.2.2.3. Murder by abuse or destruction of image. England, Scotland, U.S.: *Baughman.

D2061.2.2.4. D2061.2.2.4. Body of victim abused.

D2061. D2061. Hair of victim burned, causing his death. England: Baughman.

D2061.2.2.5. D2061.2.2.5. Murder by abuse of clothing of victim.

D2061. D2061. Murder by boiling gloves of victim. England: Baughman.

D2061.2.2.6. D2061.2.2.6. Candle burned causes victim to waste away. England, U.S.: *Baughman.

D2061.2.2.7. D2061.2.2.7. Animals abused or destroyed to cause death of person. England: *Baughman.

D2061.2.2.8. D2061.2.2.8. Miscellaneous objects abused to cause death.

D2061. D2061. Needle, placed under hearth, burns and causes death of victim. U.S.: Baughman.

D2061.2.3. D2061.2.3. Murder by pointing. (Cf. D2069.1.1.) N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 345 n. 242a, (Calif.): Gayton and Newman 56, Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 114, 240, 246.

D2061.2.4. D2061.2.4. Death by cursing. Irish myth: *Cross; Hebrew: 2 Kings 2:24, Neuman; Icelandic: Boberg; Eskimo: Kroeber JAFL XII 173, Turner RBAE XI 262.

D2061.2.4.1. D2061.2.4.1. Death in sin (damnation) by cursing. (Cf. E752.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2061.2.4.2. D2061.2.4.2. Curse of clergy causes man to die of wound. Irish myth: Cross.

D2061.2.5. D2061.2.5. Hunter reduced to ashes by power of heroine‘s chastity. (Cf. D2061.1.1.) Penzer IV 244.

D2061.2.6. D2061.2.6. Person killed by spike magically made to appear on chair. Irish myth: Cross.

D2061.2.7. D2061.2.7. Murder by showing man caul with which he was born. Irish myth: Cross.

D2061.2.8. D2061.2.8. Horse made to hang himself on gate by magic. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D2061.2.9. D2061.2.9. Breathing on enemy drives him onto knife. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 36.

D2062. D2062. Maiming by magic. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2062.1. D2062.1. Heart removed by magic. Penzer I 129.

D2062.2. D2062.2. Blinding by magic. Irish myth: *Cross; German: Grimm No. 135; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2062.2.1. D2062.2.1. Blinding by curse. (Cf. M431.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2062.2.1.1. D2062.2.1.1. Person suffers from “crookedness in his eye” as result of curse. Irish myth: Cross.

D2062.2.2. D2062.2.2. Sight of holy person causes blindness. Jewish: Neuman.

D2062.2.3. D2062.2.3. Person caused to squint as punishment. Irish myth: Cross.

D2062.2.4. D2062.2.4. Enemies magically caused to lose sight of each other while hunting. Irish myth: Cross (D1981.4).

D2062.2.5. D2062.2.5. Magic blindness by snake bite. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2062.2.6. D2062.2.6. When certain thief coughs, watchmen become blind. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2062.3. D2062.3. Flesh magically does not regrow. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Boberg.

D2062.4. D2062.4. Magic mutilation: sexual organs.

D2062.4.1. D2062.4.1. Bride enchanted by witch loses her sexual organs. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D2062.4.2. D2062.4.2. Castration by magic. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 294.

D2062.5. D2062.5. Magic mutilation: temporary growths on person. (Cf. D1375.) Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 39, 62, 701.

D2063. D2063. Magic discomfort. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D2063.1. D2063.1. Tormenting by magic. England: *Baughman.

D2063.1.1. D2063.1.1. Tormenting by sympathetic magic. Person (usually witch) tormented by abusing an animal or object. The usual methods of abuse are burning or sticking with pins. *Kittredge Witchcraft 97ff., 429ff. nn. 173--239 passim; England, U.S.: *Baughman; Feilberg DF X 165ff.; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D2063.2. D2063.2. Magic restlessness in bed. Fb “seng” III 187b.

D2063.3. D2063.3. Magic insatiable thirst. (Cf. D1373.0.1.) Irish myth: Cross; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 105.

D2063.3.1. D2063.3.1. Druids cause magic thirst. (Cf. P427.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2063.3.1.1. D2063.3.1.1. Saints cause magic thirst. Irish myth: Cross.

D2063.4. D2063.4. Magic scratching (itching). Icelandic: *Boberg.

D2063.5. D2063.5. Magic discomfort: continued breaking of wind. (Cf. D2079.1, G303. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges.

D2063.6. D2063.6. Man magically made to bark like dog. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 32.

D2064. D2064. Magic sickness. (Cf. D1837.) Icelandic: *Boberg; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Chinese: Graham; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 458, 467, Rasmussen III 67, 292.

D2064.0.1. D2064.0.1. Magic love-sickness. (Cf. D1355.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2064.0.2. D2064.0.2. Magic heart-sickness. Jewish: Neuman.

D2064.0.3. D2064.0.3. Magic pestilence. Jewish: Neuman.

D2064.1. D2064.1. Magic sickness because girl has thrown away her consecrated wafer. (Cf. C55, C940.1.) *Type 613; *BP I 322 n. 1; Irish: O‘suilleabhain 27, Beal XXI 308.

D2064.2. D2064.2. Sickness of princess dependent on witch’s fire. When fire is high, princess is very sick. Princess recovers when fire is put out. (Cf. D2065.4.) Kцhler-Bolte I 335.

D2064.3. D2064.3. Sickness transferred to animal. Fb “sygdom” III 609b; England: Baughman.

D2064.4. D2064.4. Magic sickness because of Evil Eye. (Cf. D2071.) Fb “sygdom” III 700a, “overse” II 771a; England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales, U.S.: *Baughman.

D2064.5. D2064.5. Magic sickness from curse. Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 372.

D2064.6. D2064.6. Magic sickness from wounding sick person. Irish myth: Cross.

D2064.7. D2064.7. Magic sickness from bit of weapon left in head. Icelandic: Boberg.

D2064.8. D2064.8. Magic sickness by making fruit plant dry and shrivel. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2065. D2065. Magic insanity. (Cf. D2161.3.8.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 30, *382 n. 51, 124ff., 449f. nn. 1--23 passim; Irish myth: *Cross; Lithuanian: Balys Index 3512; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 167, 259, 368, 445.

D2065.1. D2065.1. Madness from demonic possession. Kittredge Witchcraft 124ff., 449f. nn. 1--23 passim; Italian Novella: Rotunda; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2065.2. D2065.2. Insanity from seeing strange sight. Fb “vild” III 1052a.

D2065.2.1. D2065.2.1. Magic insanity caused by hearing strange sound. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2065.3. D2065.3. Druids bereave men of senses. (Cf. P427.) Irish: Plummer clix, *Cross.

D2065.4. D2065.4. Insanity of princess dependent on height of fire. (Cf. D2064.2.) Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 60 No. 435*.

D2065.5. D2065.5. Insanity because of Evil Eye. (Cf. D2071.) Fb “шje” III 1167b.

D2065.6. D2065.6. Person abducted by Echo crazed and dumb. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2065.7. D2065.7. Insanity from curse. Irish myth: Cross.

D2066. D2066. Elfshot. (F360.) Magic shooting of small objects into a person‘s (or animal’s) body. Kittredge Witchcraft 133, 453ff. nn. 62--82 passim; *Fb “skud” III 333b, “ellefolk” I 241b.--Irish myth: Cross; England, Ireland: *Baughman.

D2066.1. D2066.1. Elves get stones from fairies who get them from mermaids. The devil does the finishing work on the stones. England: Baughman.

D2069. D2069. Death or bodily injury by magic--miscellaneous.

D2069.1. D2069.1. Person magically caused to fall.

D2069.1.1. D2069.1.1. Person made to fall down by pointing at door. (Cf. D2061.2.3.) Chinese: Graham.

D2069.2. D2069.2. People magically compelled to bend arm. Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 501.

D2070. D2070. Bewitching. (Cf. D5, G200.) **Kittredge Witchcraft.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Ynglinga saga 29, Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 200.

D2070.1. D2070.1. Magic hair-ball used for bewitching. (Cf. D991.3, D1274.1.) North Carolina: Brown Collection I 668.

D2071. D2071. Evil Eye. Bewitching by means of a glance. *Krappe Balor 9ff.; *Chauvin V 161 No. 84, VIII 143 No. 144 n. 1; *Fb “цje” III 1167ab, 1168a; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. I 686; Elworthy The Evil Eye (London, 1895); Jahn Ьber den Aberglauben des bцsen Blicks bei den Alten; Pitre Le jettatura ed il mal occhio in Sicilia (Kolozsvбr, 1884); Seligman Der bцse Blick und Verwandtes (Berlin, 1910); Maclagen, R. C. The Evil Eye in the Western Highlands (London, 1902); Penzer II 298; *Hertz Abhandlungen 181ff.--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2071.0.1. D2071.0.1. Evil eye covered with seven veils. *Krappe Balor 25; Gaster Oldest Stories 45.

D2071.0.1.1. D2071.0.1.1. Evil eye covered with bag or hide while owner is stoned. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D2071.0.2. D2071.0.2. Evil eye from exposure to magic concoction. Irish myth: Cross.

D2071.0.3. D2071.0.3. Man with power of evil eye cannot look at any living thing before breaking fast in the morning without causing it to wither and die. England: Baughman.

D2071.1. D2071.1. Averting Evil Eye. See references for D1070, Magic ornaments, a large number of which are used to keep off the Evil Eye. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2071.1.1. D2071.1.1. Evil eye averted by spitting. (Cf. D1001, D1776.) *Fb “spytte” III 514b; Irish myth: Cross.

D2071.1.2. D2071.1.2. Evil eye averted by swinging cat over child‘s cradle. Fb “overse” II 771a.

D2071.1.3. D2071.1.3. Simulated change of sex to baffle Evil Eye. Penzer IX 163.

D2071.1.4. D2071.1.4. Black as guard against Evil Eye. Penzer I 212, 217.

D2071.1.5. D2071.1.5. Countermagic against Evil Eye: returning glance of Evil Eye blights the original glancer. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2071.2. D2071.2. Person kills with Evil Eye.

D2071.2.1. D2071.2.1. Person kills animals with glance of Evil Eye. England, Ireland, U.S.: *Baughman.

D2072. D2072. Magic paralysis. Person or thing rendered helpless. (Cf. D1410.) *Type 952; *BP III 453; Chauvin V 16 n. 2; Tawney I 408, 417, 458; *Fb “stjжle” III 575a; Kittredge Witchcraft 201f. nn. 104--110; Alphabet 624; *Loomis White Magic 56f.--Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Gцngu-Hrуlfs saga 242, Boberg; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 300 No. 10; Missouri French: Carriиre; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2072.0.1. D2072.0.1. Sword made magically helpless. Fb “svжrd” III 690a; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: Neuman.

D2072.0.2. D2072.0.2. Animal rendered immovable.

D2072.0.2.1. D2072.0.2.1. Horse enchanted so that he stands still. (Cf. D1654.12.) Fb “hest” IV 212a; Irish myth: Cross; England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales, U.S.: *Baughman.

D2072. D2072. Horse (ox) unable to move wagon paralyzed by witch. England, U.S.: *Baughman.

D2072.0.2.2. D2072.0.2.2. Bird paralyzed.

D2072. D2072. Person charged with keeping birds from the crops confines them in barn (usually roofless) by magic while he goes to town. England, Wales: *Baughman.

D2072.0.2.3. D2072.0.2.3. Oxen paralyzed. England, U.S.: *Baughman.

D2072.0.2.4. D2072.0.2.4. Mule paralyzed by witch. England: Baughman.

D2072.0.2.5. D2072.0.2.5. Pigs paralyzed by witch. England: Baughman.

D2072.0.2.6. D2072.0.2.6. Dog paralyzed. U.S.: Baughman; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 452.

D2072.0.3. D2072.0.3. Ship held back by magic. (Cf. D1419.3, F302.3.1.2, F402.1.13.) *BP II 265 n. 1, IV 196 n. 1.--Irish myth: *Cross; Italian: Basile I No. 6; U.S.: Baughman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2072.0.4. D2072.0.4. Bird overpowered by stepping on his shadow. Drops the stolen meat. Zachariae 57.

D2072.0.5. D2072.0.5. Person paralyzed. (Cf. D5.1, G256.3, G257.) England, Scotland, U.S.: *Baughman.

D2072.0.5.1. D2072.0.5.1. Witch prevents person from drinking. England: Baughman.

D2072.0.5.2. D2072.0.5.2. Person who yawns cannot close mouth. Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 255.

D2072.0.5.3. D2072.0.5.3. Magic paralysis of tongue of a talkative wife. *Loomis White Magic 126.

D2072.1. D2072.1. Magic paralysis by Evil Eye. (Cf. D2071.) Fb “шje” III 1167b.--Icelandic: *Boberg.

D2072.2. D2072.2. Magic paralysis by curse. Tawney II 467.

D2072.2.1. D2072.2.1. Charm used by witch to cause paralysis. U.S.: Baughman.

D2072.3. D2072.3. Magic paralysis caused by saint. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2072.4. D2072.4. Magic prevention of performance of task. (Cf. H970.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2072.5. D2072.5. Robber-proof house: thieves are petrified when they enter house for unlawful purposes; are fed and welcomed, otherwise. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2072.6. D2072.6. Paralysis by singing magic song. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 351, Rasmussen III 111.

D2074. D2074. Attracting by magic. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D2074.1. D2074.1. Animals magically called. (Cf. D1440, D2156.) *Toldo VIII 21; Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: Юiрriks saga II 271--75, Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; Eskimo (West Hudson Bay): Boas BAM XV 324.

D2074.1.1. D2074.1.1. Mammals magically called.

D2074.1.1.1. D2074.1.1.1. Buffalo magically called. Southern Ute: Lowie JAFL XXXVII 45.

D2074.1.1.2. D2074.1.1.2. Deer summoned by singing. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2074.1.1.3. D2074.1.1.3. Bear summoned by magic. Greek: Grote I 32.

D2074.1.2. D2074.1.2. Fish or sea animals magically called. Eskimo (West Hudson Bay): Boas BAM XV 324, (Greenland): Rink 116, 153; Marquesas, Tuamotu: Beckwith Myth 269, 289; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 94.

D2074.1.2.1. D2074.1.2.1. Coyote calls the largest fish. N. A. Indian (Calif.): Gayton and Newman 83.

D2074.1.3. D2074.1.3. Birds magically called. Irish: O’suilleabhain 86.

D2074.2. D2074.2. Magic means of attracting. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 156, 286, Holm 30.

D2074.2.1. D2074.2.1. Person summoned by thinking of him. Chauvin V 5 n. 3; Penzer II 58.

D2074.2.2. D2074.2.2. Summoning by burning hair. *Chauvin V 5 n. 3, 293.

D2074.2.2.1. D2074.2.2.1. Long-plaited hair struck on ground summons female goddess to aid of owner. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2074.2.3. D2074.2.3. Summoning by wish. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 49.

D2074.2.3.1. D2074.2.3.1. Mistress summoned by wish. *Fb “шnske” III 1179a.

D2074.2.3.2. D2074.2.3.2. Ship summoned by wish. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “navire”.

D2074.2.4. D2074.2.4. Genie called by writing his name on papers and burning them. (Cf. D1421.) Chauvin V 244 No. 143.

D2074.2.4.1. D2074.2.4.1. Foster-mother summoned by saying her name. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D2074.2.4.2. D2074.2.4.2. Animals summoned by pronouncing their names. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2074.2.4.3. D2074.2.4.3. Helper summoned by calling his name. India: Thompson-Balys (D1420.4).

D2074.2.4.4. D2074.2.4.4. Order for spirit’s help left on card. *Krappe Archiv. f. d. Studium d. neueren Sprachen CLVIII 16ff.

D2074.2.5. D2074.2.5. Summoning by prayer. (Cf. V52.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2074.2.5.1. D2074.2.5.1. Imprisoned cleric comes to answer saint‘s prayers in ritual. Irish myth: Cross.

D2076. D2076. Saint magically causes druids to bless instead of curse. Irish myth: Cross.

D2078. D2078. Imprisoning by magic.

D2078.1. D2078.1. Witch made to enter boulder magically and imprisoned therein. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2079. D2079. Other forms of bewitching.

D2079.1. D2079.1. Magic compulsion to break wind under certain conditions. (Cf. D2063.5.) N. A. Indian (Calif.): Gayton and Newman 83.

D2080. D2080. Magic used against property.

D2081. D2081. Land made magically sterile. (Cf. D1563.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 171, 488f. nn. 59, 63, 64; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus I 383 n. 5; Irish myth: *Cross; England, U.S.: *Baughman; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 85 No. 750B.

D2081.1. D2081.1. Earth dried up in three years while hero is under earth. Chinese: Graham.

D2082. D2082. Trees killed by magic. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “arbres”.

D2082.0.1. D2082.0.1. Trees magically made fruitless. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2082.0.2. D2082.0.2. Tree magically withers. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2082.1. D2082.1. Magic glance reduces tree to ashes. Another restores it. Penzer V 123.

D2082.2. D2082.2. Anchorite consumes tree by one blast of his fiery breath. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2083. D2083. Evil magic in the dairy. *Kittredge Witchcraft 163ff., 480ff.; Fb “smшr” III 412--13.

D2083.1. D2083.1. Cows magically made dry. Kittredge Witchcraft 480 n. 1; Irish myth: Cross; England, Scotland, U.S.: *Baughman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2083.2. D2083.2. Cows made to give bad milk. England, Canada: Baughman.

D2083.2.1. D2083.2.1. Witches make cows give bloody milk. *Kittredge Witchcraft 166, 484 n. 28; U.S.: Baughman.

D2083.2.2. D2083.2.2. Witch causes cow to give curdled milk. U.S.: Baughman.

D2083.3. D2083.3. Milk transferred from another’s cow by magic. (Cf. D1605.2, C2087.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 163, 482 n. 4; England, Scotland, Ireland, U.S.: *Baughman; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 5653.

D2083.3.1. D2083.3.1. Milk transferred from another‘s cow by squeezing an axehandle (or the like). *Kittredge Witchcraft 163f., 482f. nn. 5--11; England, Scotland, U.S.: *Baughman.

D2083.3.2. D2083.3.2. Witch transfers milk from another’s cows by use of hair rope. England, Scotland: *Baughman.

D2083.3.3. D2083.3.3. Witch transfers milk from another‘s cows to a vessel. England: *Baughman.

D2083.4. D2083.4. Butter transferred from another by magic. (Cf. D2087.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 168, 487f. nn. 38--43.

D2084. D2084. Industrial processes magically interrupted.

D2084.1. D2084.1. Beer magically kept from brewing. *Kittredge Witchcraft 170, 488 nn. 48--57; England: Baughman.

D2084.2. D2084.2. Butter magically kept from coming. (Cf. D1573, D2083.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 167, 485f. nn. 30--35; England, Ireland, U.S.: Baughman.

D2084.3. D2084.3. Saint causes dyes to work incorrectly. Irish myth: Cross.

D2085. D2085. Game animals magically made overwary. Scotch: Campbell II 56.

D2085.1. D2085.1. Curse (by saint) makes river (lake) barren of fish. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2086. D2086. Weapons magically dulled.

D2086.1. D2086.1. Sword magically dulled. **U. Priebe Stumpfmachen der Schwerten durch Zauber (Kiel Diss., Stettin, 1906); Zs. f. Vksk. XIII 213, XV 349, XVII 329; Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 46, 302, 260, *Boberg; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: Neuman.

D2086.1.1. D2086.1.1. Execution sword turned to wood. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2086.2. D2086.2. Guns rendered ineffective by witch. North Carolina: Brown Collection I 644.

D2086.3. D2086.3. Weapons magically blown out of enemies‘ hands. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D2087. D2087. Theft by magic.

D2087.1. D2087.1. Crops stolen by magic. *Kittredge Witchcraft 172, 489 nn. 66--70.

D2087.2. D2087.2. Hunter‘s prey stolen during night by magic. Icelandic: Grнmssaga L. 144, Boberg.

D2087.3. D2087.3. Sheep or cattle disappear every night. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D2087.3.1. D2087.3.1. Cow and cowherd disappear every New Year’s night. Icelandic: Boberg.

D2087.4. D2087.4. Men disappear every night. Icelandic: Flateyjarbуk I 282--83, *Boberg.

D2087.5. D2087.5. Gold stolen by magic. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D2087.6. D2087.6. Food stolen by magic. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D2087.7. D2087.7. Witches rifle drawers of chests in house. U.S.: Baughman.

D2087.8. D2087.8. Witch steals potatoes, leaving no traces. England: Baughman.

D2088. D2088. Locks opened by magic. Krappe Balor 2 n. 9; Irish myth: Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D2088.0.1. D2088.0.1. All locks opened on the night of Christ‘s Nativity. (Cf. D1557.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2088.1. D2088.1. Fairy gains entrance to locked city. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2089. D2089. Magic used against property--miscellaneous.

D2089.1. D2089.1. Man makes all of iron in enemy’s storehouse disappear so weapons cannot be made. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2089.2. D2089.2. Curse makes stones useless. Irish myth: Cross.

D2089.3. D2089.3. Animals magically stricken dead. (Cf. D2060.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2089.3.1. D2089.3.1. Swine magically kept from fattening. Irish myth: Cross.

D2089.4. D2089.4. Saint causes mill to turn backwards. Irish myth: Cross.

D2089.5. D2089.5. Books illegible as result of curse. (Cf. D1266.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2089.6. D2089.6. House destroyed by magic. Chinese: Graham.

D2089.7. D2089.7. Goods magically diminish.

D2089.7.1. D2089.7.1. Food dwindles as soon as it is cooked. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2089.8. D2089.8. Clothes burned by magic. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 393.

D2089.9. D2089.9. Trail magically closed.

D2089.9.1. D2089.9.1. Trail magically covered with thorns. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 98.

D2089.10. D2089.10. Fire drills magically made not to function. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 243.

D2090. D2090. Other destructive magic powers.

D2091. D2091. Magic attack against enemy. Icelandic: *Boberg; Eskimo (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 516.

D2091.1. D2091.1. Magic fire drawn down on foe. (Cf. D1271.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2091.2. D2091.2. Magic plague of frogs drawn down on foe. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2091.2.1. D2091.2.1. Magic army of snakes and frogs drawn down on foe. Jewish: Neuman.

D2091.3. D2091.3. Streams of blood magically drawn down on foe. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2091.4. D2091.4. Magic causes enemies to fight among selves. Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 189; Africa (Duala): Lederbogen Fables 62, (Ekoi): Talbot 127.

D2091.5. D2091.5. Storms magically drawn down on foe. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2091.6. D2091.6. Enemies magically made to feel thirst. Irish myth: Cross.

D2091.7. D2091.7. Magic lake (river) sent against enemy. (Cf. D921.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2091.7.1. D2091.7.1. River magically caused to rise against enemy. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2091.8. D2091.8. Magic drought to destroy enemy. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 37.

D2091.8.1. D2091.8.1. Druids dry up water in enemy’s camp. (Cf. D1711.4.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2091.9. D2091.9. Magic paralysis drawn down on foe. (Cf. D2072.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2091.10. D2091.10. Magic heat causes enemies to melt away. (Cf. D2144.3.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2091.10.1. D2091.10.1. Stones, etc., magically made to burn feet of enemies. Irish myth: Cross.

D2091.11. D2091.11. Black cloud magically blown upon enemy. Irish myth: Cross.

D2091.12. D2091.12. Plants and animals magically caused to shriek, frightening enemy. Irish myth: Cross.

D2091.13. D2091.13. Army stopped by saint‘s curse. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2091.14. D2091.14. Magician shoots an arrow of each finger against enemy. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D2091.15. D2091.15. Magic earth-slip overcomes enemies. Icelandic: Boberg.

D2091.16. D2091.16. Enemy magically enclosed within walls. Jewish: Neuman.

D2092. D2092. Man caused to sink into mud. Finnish: Kalevala rune 3.

D2093. D2093. Walls overthrown by magic (Jericho). *Saintyves Essais 180ff.; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: Neuman.

D2094. D2094. Pestilence magically sent upon (domestic) animals. (Cf. D2064.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2095. D2095. Magic disappearance.

D2095.1. D2095.1. Magic village and people disappear by magic. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2096. D2096. Magic putrefaction. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2097. D2097. Magic trouble-making. (Cf. K2130.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2098. D2098. Ship magically sunk. England: Baughman.

D2099. D2099. Miscellaneous destructive magic powers.

D2099.1. D2099.1. Loss of skill through magic. Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 84.

D2099.2. D2099.2. Magic banishment. Icelandic: *Boberg.

D2099.3. D2099.3. House crushed by magic. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 272.

D2099.4. D2099.4. Calabashes broken by magic. Easter Island: Mйtraux Ethnology 367.



D2100. D2100. Magic wealth. (Cf. D1450.) India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham.

D2100.1. D2100.1. Inexhaustible treasure. (Cf. D1652.) Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys, Tawney I 350f., 471.

D2100.2. D2100.2. Coin multiplies itself. (Cf. D1288, D2106.) *Loomis White Magic 87; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2101. D2101. Treasure magically discovered. *Type 613. See also N530--N549, Discovery of treasure.

D2101.1. D2101.1. Treasure found by sprinkling ground with blood of white cock. (Cf. D1314.) *Chauvin V 13f. No. 9; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2101.2. D2101.2. Shower of jewels magically drawn from sky. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 445.

D2102. D2102. Gold magically produced.

D2102.1. D2102.1. Gold vomited. Irish: Plummer xliv, *Cross.

D2102.2. D2102.2. Valley fills with gold at command. Gaster Rabbis 225 No. 205, Jewish: Neuman.

D2102.2.1. D2102.2.1. Field turns to gold after ascetic plows it. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 221.

D2102.3. D2102.3. Saint magically produces treasure. Irish myth: Cross.

D2102.4. D2102.4. “Golden” son of supernatural bride of king has the power of producing gold and gold buildings, ornaments etc. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2102.5. D2102.5. Magic corn eaten by animal becomes gold. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 221.

D2103. D2103. Silver magically produced. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2105. D2105. Provisions magically furnished. (Cf. D1470.) Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; German: Grimm Nos. 90, 121, 179; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 229, 325, 422, 454, Holm 40; Rasmussen I 239, 374, III 51, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 63, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM 245; S. A. Indian (Chiriguano): Mйtraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 484, (Toba) ibid. (1) 368; Africa (Angola): Chatelain 115 No. 9, (Ibo): Thomas 119.

D2105.1. D2105.1. Provisions provided in answer to prayer. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2105.1.1. D2105.1.1. Starvation prevented by composition of hymn. (Cf. D1275.3.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2105.2. D2105.2. Provisions provided by messenger from heaven. Irish myth: Cross.

D2105.3. D2105.3. Rubbish magically becomes food and clothing. Irish myth: Cross.

D2105.3.1. D2105.3.1. Trash magically becomes food. Africa (Duala): Lederbogen Fables 66.

D2105.4. D2105.4. Drink magically furnished. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2105.5. D2105.5. Saint causes fish to come out of lake to satisfy guests for whom he has no food. (Cf. D1444.1, F986.2.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2105.6. D2105.6. Showers of grain called down. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 654.

D2105.7. D2105.7. Fruit obtained from tree by magic. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 409.

D2106. D2106. Magic multiplication of objects.

D2106.1. D2106.1. Magic multiplication of objects by saints. (Cf. D2100.2, V220.) *Toldo VI 289; Irish myth: *Cross; Spanish Exempla: Keller; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2106.1.1. D2106.1.1. Saint causes waters to be filled with fish. *Loomis White Magic 69f.; Irish myth: *Cross.

D2106.1.1.1. D2106.1.1.1. Fish caught in waterless field. *Loomis White Magic 70.

D2106.1.2. D2106.1.2. Animals miraculously multiplied. *Loomis White Magic 87.

D2106.1.3. D2106.1.3. Multiplication of metal by saint. *Loomis White Magic 87.

D2106.1.4. D2106.1.4. Multiplication of the corpse of saint when different communities claim the body. *Loomis White Magic 87.

D2106.1.5. D2106.1.5. Multiplication of food by saint. (Cf. D1652.1.) India: Thompson-Balys; Icelandic: Boberg.

D2106.2. D2106.2. One sack of charcoal makes a hundred. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2106.3. D2106.3. Tree with all sorts of cakes hanging from its branches springs from one cake. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2107. D2107. Warrior’s equipment magically furnished.

D2107.1. D2107.1. Horse and weapons needed by hero are provided after incense is offered to Nandia, the Bull. India. Thompson-Balys.

D2120. D2120. Magic transportation. *Type 400, 566; Chauvin V 231 No. 130 n. 1.--Irish myth: Cross; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 84 No. 750A*; India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 676; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 102; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 53.

D2121. D2121. Magic journey. *Type 400; *Huet RTP XXXII 97, 145; Wesselski Theorie 23.--Irish myth: Cross; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Ferguson 128; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 219; Africa (Benga): Nassau 214 No. 33.

D2121.1. D2121.1. Magic journey by wishing. (Cf. D1761.) *Fb “шnske” III 1178b; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2121.2. D2121.2. Magic journey with closed eyes. Person must not open eyes while on the journey. (Cf. C300.) *Chauvin VII 59 No. 77. 102 No. 376, VIII 148 No. 146; Hartland Science 174 (Japanese).--Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham, Eberhard FFC CXX 234f.; Japanese: Ikeda; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 338 n. 217; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen II 14, III 103, 124, 257, Rink 147, 196, 219, (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 511, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 52, (Smith Sound): Kroeber JAFL XII 171, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 629.

D2121.3. D2121.3. Magic journey through power of imagination. Chauvin V 230f. No. 130.

D2121.4. D2121.4. Magic journey by making distance vanish. The road is contracted or the earth folded up. *Chauvin V 231 No. 130.--Jewish: Neuman; Africa (Upoto): Einstein 134; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 315 n. 145c; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 247.

D2121.5. D2121.5. Magic journey: man carried by spirit or devil. Herbert III 362f. Nos. 135, 152.--Irish myth: Cross; England: Baughman; Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 255, Rasmussen III 114.

D2121.6. D2121.6. Magic journey during which one must not think good or evil. Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 322 No. 88.

D2121.7. D2121.7. Magic journey in cloud. (Cf. D2135.) Irish myth: Cross; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 57 No. 425; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Graham; Korean: Zong in-Sob 224.

D2121.7.1. D2121.7.1. Magic journey in cloud of fire. Irish myth: Cross.

D2121.7.2. D2121.7.2. Magic journey in whirl of snow. Icelandic: Ketilssaga H. 118, Boberg.

D2121.7.3. D2121.7.3. Magic transportation on smoke. Easter Island: Mйtraux Ethnology 368.

D2121.8. D2121.8. Magic journey by throwing knife into whirlwind. *Taylor FFC LXX 24 n. 1; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3903; Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 60 No. 149.

D2121.9. D2121.9. Magic transportation from kick of a horse. Penzer VIII 57 n. 2.

D2121.10. D2121.10. Magic journey on sunbeam. Africa (Ganda): Baskerville The Flame Tree (London, 1925) 1ff. No. 1.

D2121.11. D2121.11. Magic journey: man left on land appears in ship. Irish myth: Cross.

D2121.12. D2121.12. Power to go through closed doors. Icelandic: Boberg.

D2121.13. D2121.13. Sailing in a leaky boat without sinking. *Loomis White Magic 90.

D2121.14. D2121.14. Saint rides on thorn tree and drags its roots through earth to dig out canal. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2121.15. D2121.15. Magic compulsion to make journey. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 123.

D2122. D2122. Journey with magic speed. *Loomis White Magic 93; Penzer II 223 n. 1, VI 213, 279, VII 24, 225 n. 1, VIII 57 n. 2.--Irish: Plummer clxxxvi, *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “transport”; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 195; Korean: Zong in-Sob 65, 73; Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 24; Africa (Vai): Ellis 207 No. 24, (Benga): Nassau No. 24 (version 2).

D2122.0.1. D2122.0.1. Journey to otherworld with magic speed. (Cf. F0.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2122.1. D2122.1. Magic speed by eating magic grains (medicine). N. A. Indian (Maliseet, European borrowing): Mechling JAFL XXVI 250; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 214 No. 31.

D2122.2. D2122.2. Hundred-league stride. England: Baughman; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “pas”; Jewish: Neuman; N. A. Indian: Thompson Tales 315 n. 145, (Calif.): Gayton and Newman 59.

D2122.3. D2122.3. Magic journey as swift as thought. (Cf. G242.) *Taylor FFC LXX 49ff.; *Fb “tanke”; England: Baughman; Swiss: *Jegerlehner Oberwallis 293 No. 1.

D2122.4. D2122.4. Journey with speed of angels. Irish myth: Cross.

D2122.5. D2122.5. Journey with magic speed by saint. Irish myth: Cross.

D2125. D2125. Magic journey over water. Jewish: Neuman; Irish myth: *Cross.

D2125.0.1. D2125.0.1. Saint causes earth to rise underfoot, enabling him to cross water. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2125.0.2. D2125.0.2. Saint drives over bog as over land. Irish myth: Cross.

D2125.1. D2125.1. Magic power to walk on water. *Pauli (ed. Bolte) No. 332; *Saintyves Essais 307ff.; *Toldo VI 310ff.; Cowell Jataka II 77.--Irish: Plummer xxxi, cxlvii, Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; U.S.: Baughman; India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 112; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 123, 407, Rasmussen III 192.

D2125.1.1. D2125.1.1. Magic transportation by waves. Icelandic: Vцlsunga saga ch. 41 (39), cf. 43 (41), Boberg; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/249).

D2125.1.1.1. D2125.1.1.1. Saint rides blessed wave. *Loomis White Magic 91.

D2125.2. D2125.2. Magic transportation on a sheet of ice. Icelandic: Boberg.

D2125.3. D2125.3. Person crosses water in chariot. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 96.

D2126. D2126. Magic underwater journey. Irish myth: *Cross; Chinese: Graham; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 185, 417, 451.

D2131. D2131. Magic underground journey. *Type 306; *Fb “lшngang” II 515b; India: *Thompson-Balys; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 316 n. 145c; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 451, Rasmussen III 268, Holm 68, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 42.

D2135. D2135. Magic air journey. *Penzer X 64 s.v. “air”; *Fb “ride” III 53a; *Toldo IV 77; *Loomis White Magic 91f.; Jones PMLA XXIII 563; Malone PMLA XLIII 412.--Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “voyages”; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 12, 43, 319; Chinese: Chavannes 500 Contes I 359 No. 94, Graham; Japanese: Coyajee JPASB XXIV 185; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 316 n. 145d; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 87, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 40.

D2135.0.1. D2135.0.1. Levitation. Person able to raise self in the air. *Cowell Jataka index s.v. “air”; *Toldo IV 77; Alphabet No. 459; *Loomis White Magic 47.--Irish myth: *Cross; England, Scotland, Wales, U. S.: *Baughman; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 490.

D2135.0.2. D2135.0.2. Object magically raised in air. Irish myth: Cross; U.S.: Baughman.

D2135.0.2.1. D2135.0.2.1. Stone cross magically raised in air. Irish myth: Cross.

D2135.0.3. D2135.0.3. Magic ability to fly. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 189.

D2135.1. D2135.1. Power of flying from eating children‘s hearts. Child V 482 s.v. “hearts”.

D2135.2. D2135.2. Magic air journey from biting an ear. Tehauno: Boas JAFL XXV 244.

D2135.3. D2135.3. Stones fly through the air at saint’s bidding. *Loomis White Magic 92.

D2135.4. D2135.4. Magic transportation to highest summit by divine power. India Thompson-Balys.

D2135.5. D2135.5. Objects sent through air. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1211.

D2136. D2136. Objects magically moved. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2136.1. D2136.1. Rocks moved by magic. Irish myth: *Cross; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 201 (rocks of Stonehenge), cf. Chaucer‘s Franklin’s Tale; Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 17 (Orpheus); Jewish: *Neuman; N. A. Indian (Seneca): Curtin-Hewitt RBAE XXXII 192 No. 37, 310 No. 58; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 258.

D2136.2. D2136.2. Castle magically transported. Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “chateau”; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2136.2.1. D2136.2.1. Mosque turns around in order to face in the true direction of Mecca after prayers of two saints. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2136.2.2. D2136.2.2. Sunken palace magically raised. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 30.

D2136.3. D2136.3. Mountains (hills) magically transported. Irish myth: Cross.

D2136.3.1. D2136.3.1. Mountain moved by prayer. *Herbert III 390 No. 290; *Wesselski Mдrchen 255ff. No. 66; *Pauli (ed. Bolte) Nos. 683, 684; Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D2136.4. D2136.4. Lake magically transported. (Cf. D1641.12.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2136.4.1. D2136.4.1. Saint drives lake into sea. Irish myth: Cross.

D2136.5. D2136.5. Saint‘s possessions magically transported. (Cf. V220.) Loomis White Magic 91f.; Irish myth: *Cross.

D2136.6. D2136.6. Island magically transported. (Cf. D936.) Irish myth: Cross; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 3/1122, 1146, T-G. 3/912, z-G 13/499).

D2136.7. D2136.7. Well magically transported. (Cf. D926, D1641.1, D1641.13.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2136.8. D2136.8. Ship moved by sacrifice. Greek: Fox 125; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2136.9. D2136.9. Magic house removed. Chinese: Graham, Eberhard FFC CXX 241; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 64, 129, 130, 151; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 257.

D2136.10. D2136.10. Objects magically sent to certain place. Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 68, 69, 75, 140; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 245.

D2137. D2137. Natural law suspended.

D2137.1. D2137.1. Witch keeps water from boiling. England: Baughman.

D2140. D2140. Magic control of the elements. (Cf. D1540.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 152ff., 472ff. nn. 1ff., especially n. 4; French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D2140.1. D2140.1. Control of weather by saint’s prayers. (Cf. V220.) *Toldo VI 330; *Loomis White Magic 39; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D2140.1.1. D2140.1.1. Saint has power to control winds and storms at will. (Cf. A287.2.) *Loomis White Magic 45f.

D2140.2. D2140.2. Shaman‘s wife controls weather. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 84.

D2140.3. D2140.3. Weather changed on confession of deed. Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 301.

D2141. D2141. Storm produced by magic. (Cf. D905, D1541.) *Krappe Bulletin Hispanique XXXV 109ff.; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: *Neuman; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 507; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 223, 375, 450, 469, Rasmussen I 367, II 170, III 158, 270, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 584, 622, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 164, (West Hudson Bay): Boas BAM XV 321; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 289 n. 61b, (Calif.): Gayton and Newman 61; S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 162.

D2141.0.1. D2141.0.1. Storm from calling on evil spirit. *Kittredge Witchcraft 158, 477 nn. 57, 58.--Icelandic: Boberg.

D2141.0.2. D2141.0.2. Storm from calling up spirits to help find buried treasure. (Cf. C401.3.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 158, 477 nn. 54--56.

D2141.0.3. D2141.0.3. Storms produced by devil. *Kittredge Witchcraft 152ff., 472ff. nn. 1--53 passim; North Carolina: Brown Collection I 660.

D2141.0.4. D2141.0.4. Storm at death of wizard. Devil comes for him. (Cf. D2141.0.3.) Kittredge Witchcraft 159, 477 n. 59.

D2141.0.5. D2141.0.5. Storm at death of wicked person. Devil comes for him. (Cf. D2141.0.3.) Kittredge Witchcraft 159, 477 nn. 60--64.

D2141.0.6. D2141.0.6. Storm because of bird’s singing. Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 104 No. 15.

D2141.0.7. D2141.0.7. Storm raised by incantation. (Cf. D1391.1.) Greek: Grote I 184, Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 121; Africa (Zulu): Callaway 203.

D2141.0.7.1. D2141.0.7.1. Storm produced by prayer. (Cf. D2143.3.) Jewish: Neuman.

D2141.0.8. D2141.0.8. Storms raised by druids. (Cf. D2142.0.3.) Irish: Plummer clix, *Cross.

D2141.0.8.1. D2141.0.8.1. Storm calmed by wizard (druid). (Cf. D2141.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2141.0.9. D2141.0.9. Storm raised by saint. Irish myth: Cross.

D2141.0.10. D2141.0.10. Woman hoists skirt to raise thunderstorm. Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 113.

D2141.0.11. D2141.0.11. Magic storm produced by animal.

D2141.0.11.1. D2141.0.11.1. Magic storm produced by serpent. S. A. Indian (Toba): Mйtraux MAFLS XL 71.

D2141.0.12. D2141.0.12. Magic storm by pointing root of tree at sky. Africa (Cameroon): Ittman 71.

D2141.1. D2141.1. Storm magically stilled. (Cf. D2141.0.8.1.) *Fb “storm” III 596a; Irish myth: Cross; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: bin Gorion Born Judas@2 II 95, 342, 368; India: Thompson-Balys; Tonga: Gifford 117; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 331.

D2141.1.1. D2141.1.1. Church bell rung as protection against storm. To thwart devil. (Cf. D1213.) *P. Sartori Das Buch von deutschen Glocken (Berlin, 1932); *Kittredge Witchcraft 158, 476 nn. 51--53; *Loomis White Magic 53.

D2141.2. D2141.2. Storm raised to defeat enemy. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2142. D2142. Winds controlled by magic.

D2142.0.1. D2142.0.1. Magician (witch) controls winds. *Kittredge Witchcraft 159, 478 nn. 67--8.--Icelandic: *Boberg.

D2142.0.1.1. D2142.0.1.1. Witch sells power to control winds. *Kittredge Witchcraft 159, 477f. nn. 65--74 passim.

D2142.0.1.2. D2142.0.1.2. Witch sits atop mast, causes winds to blow. England: Baughman.

D2142.0.2. D2142.0.2. Saint controls winds. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2142.0.3. D2142.0.3. Druid controls winds. (Cf. D2141.0.8.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2142.0.4. D2142.0.4. Leper controls winds. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G. 3/45).

D2142.0.5. D2142.0.5. Wind controlled by girl’s spirit. Marquesas: Handy 29.

D2142.1. D2142.1. Wind produced by magic. Irish myth: *Cross; Finnish: Kalevala rune 10; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Werner 353; Marquesas: Handy 119; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T--G. 3/109, z-G. 3/1323).

D2142.1.1. D2142.1.1. Wind raised by dog‘s wagging tail. Irish myth: Cross.

D2142.1.2. D2142.1.2. Wind raised by loosing certain knots. (Cf. D906, D1282.1.) *Fb “vindknude”; Taylor FFC LXX; Danish: Kristensen Danske Sagn VI (1901) 414--16; Scotland: Baughman.

D2142.1.3. D2142.1.3. Wind raised by calling on devil. (Cf. D2141.0.3.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 161, 479 n. 81.

D2142.1.4. D2142.1.4. Wind raised by troubling vessel of water. *Kittredge Witchcraft 160f., 479 nn. 79--80; England, Scotland, U.S.: *Baughman.

D2142.1.4.1. D2142.1.4.1. Wind raised by throwing traitor’s ashes into lake. *Krappe Bulletin Hispanique XXXV (1933) 109.

D2142.1.5. D2142.1.5. Wind raised by putting cat under bushel (barrel) (drowning cat). (Cf. G283.2.1.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 161, 479 nn. 84--87; Ireland: Baughman.

D2142.1.6. D2142.1.6. Wind raised by whistling. Kittredge Witchcraft 160, 478f., nn. 77--8; *Fb “flшjte” I 326 a.

D2142.1.6.1. D2142.1.6.1. Wind raised by blowing into tobacco pipe. Kittredge Witchcraft 160, 478 n. 76.

D2142.2. D2142.2. Wind stilled by magic. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/555), Beckwith Myth 289; Ibo (Nigeria): Thomas 118; Icelandic: Boberg.

D2142.2.1. D2142.2.1. Wind stopped by revenant. Irish myth: Cross.

D2143. D2143. Precipitation controlled by magic. Irish myth: Cross.

D2143.1. D2143.1. Rain produced by magic. *Gaster Beitrдge zur vgl. Sagen; und Mдrchenkunde 33ff.; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Jewish: *Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Werner 353, Eberhard FFC CXX 237; Korean: Zong in Sob 64; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 97; Eskimo (Greenland): Holm 66; Africa (Upoto): Einstein 123, (Hottentot): Bleek 29 No. 14, (Ekoi): Talbot 247, (Basuto): Jacottet 126 No. 18.

D2143.1.0.1. D2143.1.0.1. Rain caused to fall in certain place (by rain-god). India: Thompson-Balys.

D2143.1.0.2. D2143.1.0.2. No rain falls on religious man. Irish: O‘Suilleabhain 110.

D2143.1.1. D2143.1.1. Rain produced by pouring water. (Cf. D1242.1.) *Fb “vand” III 1001b; Chrйtien de Troyes “Yvain” lines 565ff.; Kцlbing Zs. f. vgl. Littgsch. XI 442ff.; Lang Myth II 190f.; Holmberg Die Wassergottheiten 181ff.; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 1307; Andrews Les Fontaines des Gйnies (Alger, 1903); Wells 66 (Ywain and Gawain); Gaster Thespis 181; Irish myth: *Cross; Chinese: Werner 205.

D2143.1.2. D2143.1.2. Rain produced by singing. (Cf. D1275, D1781.) Africa (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 64 No. 9.

D2143.1.3. D2143.1.3. Rain produced by prayer. (Cf. D1391.1, D2141.0.7.1.) Irish myth: Cross; Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 55 n. 2; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 412.

D2143.1.4. D2143.1.4. Rain produced by spitting blood toward sky. Chinese: Werner 264.

D2143.1.5. D2143.1.5. Rain produced by plowing. Penzer II 117f.

D2143.1.6. D2143.1.6. Shower from magic anvil. (Cf. D1469.3.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2143.1.7. D2143.1.7. Rain produced by striking rock. Irish myth: Cross.

D2143.1.8. D2143.1.8. Rainstorm produced by emptying contents of bag in road. U.S.: Baughman.

D2143.1.9. D2143.1.9. Witch draws rain or snow from clouds with wave of his hand. Scotland: Baughman.

D2143.1.10. D2143.1.10. Wizard sells charm to raise rainstorm to enable eloping couple to escape pursuers. U.S.: Baughman.

D2143.1.11. D2143.1.11. Certain man must laugh in order for it to rain. (Cf. D1773.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D2143.1.12. D2143.1.12. Arrival of saint brings rain to rainless land. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2143.1.13. D2143.1.13. White elephant can make rain fall. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 945.

D2143.2. D2143.2. Drought produced by magic. (Cf. D2081, D2157.) Irish myth: Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 15 No. 22.

D2143.2.1. D2143.2.1. Church spared in flood because of prayers. Alphabet No. 77; Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D2143.2.2. D2143.2.2. Magic spear stuck in earth dries up spring. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2143.3. D2143.3. Fog produced by magic. Finnish: Kalevala rune 42; Icelandic: *Boberg; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 451, Rasmussen I 109.

D2143.3.1. D2143.3.1. Heavy fog is at once dispelled by a saint. *Loomis White Magic 106.

D2143.4. D2143.4. Hail produced by magic. U.S.: Baughman; Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 20 No. 2, (Cameroon): Ittman 71.

D2143.4.1. D2143.4.1. Hail produced by whistling tune. (Cf. D1275.1, D1782.) Africa (Kaffir): Theal 185.

D2143.5. D2143.5. Frost produced by magic. U.S.: Baughman.

D2143.5.1. D2143.5.1. Old woman has control over frost. Fb “frost”.

D2143.6. D2143.6. Magic control of snow. (Cf. F686.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2143.6.1. D2143.6.1. Snow taken away by planting certain root. Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 308 No. 4.

D2143.6.2. D2143.6.2. Wall of snow around hut in answer to prayer. (Cf. D1766.1.) Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 136 No. 97.

D2143.6.3. D2143.6.3. Snow produced by magic. Irish myth: Cross.

D2143.6.4. D2143.6.4. Snow magically caused to melt (burn). Irish myth: *Cross.

D2143.6.5. D2143.6.5. Snow magically caused to last. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2144. D2144. Magic control of cold and heat. (Cf. D1592.) Irish myth: Cross; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen I 235.

D2144.1. D2144.1. Cold produced by magic. Icelandic: Boberg; Finnish: Kalevala rune 30.

D2144.1.1. D2144.1.1. Porcupine as controller of cold. (Cf. K896.1.) N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 302 nn. 106--7.

D2144.1.2. D2144.1.2. Man with power to make everything freeze. Wears cap over ear. Should he wear it straight everything would freeze. *Type 513; BP II 79ff.

D2144.2. D2144.2. Contest of heat and cold. Magicians contest with each other in producing heat or cold that will overcome the other. Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. IX 85; cf. Type 71.--Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 81 No. 14; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 288 n. 61a.

D2144.3. D2144.3. Heat produced by magic. (Cf. D2091.10, D2143.6.4.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2144.3.1. D2144.3.1. Cold water in winter made warm by a saint. *Loomis White Magic 78.

D2144.4. D2144.4. Burning by magic. (Cf. D2158.)

D2144.4.1. D2144.4.1. Person burned through magic wishing (curse). India: Thompson-Balys.

D2144.5. D2144.5. Ice controlled by magic.

D2144.5.1. D2144.5.1. Ice produced by magic. Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 164.

D2144.5.2. D2144.5.2. Ice melted by magic. Koryak: Jochelson JE VI 170: Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 164, Rasmussen II 223, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 191f., (West Hudson Bay): Boas BAM XV 324, (Central Eskimo): Boas RBAE VI 619.

D2145. D2145. Magic control of seasons.

D2145.1. D2145.1. Winter magically produced.

D2145.1.1. D2145.1.1. Local winter. Winter produced in one place while it is summer everywhere else. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 289 n. 61c.

D2145.2. D2145.2. Summer produced by magic.

D2145.2.1. D2145.2.1. Summer magically lengthened. (Cf. F162.1.1, F971.5.) Irish: Plummer lxxx, Cross.

D2145.2.2. D2145.2.2. Fruit magically grows in winter. Wells 161 (Sir Cleges); Irish myth: Cross.

D2145.2.2.1. D2145.2.2.1. Vineyard in full fruit and blooming palm found in winter on the night of Christ‘s Nativity. (Cf. V211.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2145.2.2.2. D2145.2.2.2. Tree blooms out of season. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2146. D2146. Magic control of day and night. (Cf. A725, D1546.)

D2146.1. D2146.1. Day controlled by magic.

D2146.1.1. D2146.1.1. Day magically lengthened. *Loomis White Magic 29; Saintyves Saints Successeurs 237; Irish: Plummer cxxxviii, *Cross; Hebrew: Joshua 10: 13, *Neuman; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 237; N. A. Indian (Lillooet): Teit JAFL XXV 351.

D2146.1.1.1. D2146.1.1.1. Druid causes sun to stand still for two days. (Cf. D1719.1.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2146.1.1.2. D2146.1.1.2. Supernatural person (adulterer) causes sun to stand still for nine months. (Cf. T481.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2146.1.2. D2146.1.2. Day magically shortened. Greek: Fox 164.

D2146.1.3. D2146.1.3. Day produced by magic. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2146.2. D2146.2. Night controlled by magic.

D2146.2.1. D2146.2.1. Night produced by magic. (Cf. F965.2.) Irish myth: *Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “nuit”; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 59; Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 158.

D2146.2.2. D2146.2.2. Night magically lengthened. Greek: *Frazer Apollodorus I 174 n. 1; Irish myth: Cross; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “nuit”; N. A. Indian (Crow): Simms FM II 299 No. 16.

D2146.2.3. D2146.2.3. Night magically shortened. Irish myth: Cross; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 150; Marquesas: Handy 109; N. A. Indian (Yana): Curtin Creation Myths 436.

D2146.2.4. D2146.2.4. Earth darkened because of Sun‘s defeat in race against Coyote. N. A. Indian (Calif.): Gayton and Newman 83.

D2146.2.5. D2146.2.5. Saint banishes night for a year. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2147. D2147. Magic control of clouds. Jewish: Neuman.

D2147.1. D2147.1. Cloud magically made to cover sun. Alphabet No. 627.

D2147.2. D2147.2. Cloud magically appears. India: Thompson-Balys; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/499).

D2147.3. D2147.3. A cloud evoked by a saint. *Loomis White Magic 41.

D2148. D2148. Earth magically caused to quake. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2148.1. D2148.1. Angel causes earth to quake, releasing prisoners for saint. Irish myth: Cross.

D2148.2. D2148.2. Saint is able to produce earthquakes at will. *Loomis White Magic 45.

D2148.3. D2148.3. Stopping the eruption of a volcano by a saint. *Loomis White Magic 45.

D2149. D2149. Magic control of the elements--miscellaneous. Irish myth: Cross.

D2149.1. D2149.1. Thunderbolt magically produced. (Cf. D1713.) Irish myth: Cross; Marquesas: Handy 65.

D2149.1.1. D2149.1.1. Witch produces lightning. U.S.: Baughman.

D2149.2. D2149.2. Saint magically causes mountain to melt away. (Cf. D1713.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2149.3. D2149.3. Saint causes sun to come down and cook for him. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2149.4. D2149.4. Magic control of gravitation.

D2149.4.1. D2149.4.1. Saint prevents rocks from falling. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2149.4.2. D2149.4.2. Ring that has dropped into water rises to surface. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2149.5. D2149.5. Rice paddies flooded or dried by toad’s tears or laughter. Chinese: Graham.

D2149.6. D2149.6. Magic control of heavenly bodies. (Cf. D2146.1.) Jewish: *Neuman.

D2149.7. D2149.7. Magic control of rainbow. Jewish: *Neuman.

D2150. D2150. Miscellaneous magic manifestations.

D2151. D2151. Magic control of waters. (Cf. D1242.1.) Irish myth: *Cross: Jewish: Neuman.

D2151.0.1. D2151.0.1. Saint regulates temperature of waters. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2151.0.2. D2151.0.2. Waters made to dry up. Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2151.0.3. D2151.0.3. Wall of water magically warded off. (Cf. D1549.3.1.) Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 466.

D2151.1. D2151.1. Magic control of seas. (Cf. D911.) Irish: Plummer cxlvii, *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 230, 453.

D2151.1.1. D2151.1.1. Sea produced by magic. Greek: Frazer Apollodorus II 78 n. 1.

D2151.1.2. D2151.1.2. Tide held back. (Cf. D1545.) Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G. 3/730).

D2151.1.2.1. D2151.1.2.1. Tide held back by Virgin Mary. (Cf. V250.) *Ward Catalogue of Romances II 602; Crane Miraculis 91 No. 22.

D2151.1.2.2. D2151.1.2.2. Tide held back by saint. (Cf. D1713, V220.) *Loomis White Magic 40; Irish myth: *Cross.

D2151.1.2.3. D2151.1.2.3. Grave on shore rises with the tide. (Cf. D1641.8.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2151.1.3. D2151.1.3. Sea calmed by prayer. (Cf. D1766.1, D2151.3.) Irish myth: Cross; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G 3/109).

D2151.1.4. D2151.1.4. Sea appears like flowery plain. (Cf. F931.3.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2151.2. D2151.2. Magic control of rivers. *Loomis White Magic 40f.; Irish: Plummer cxlvii--cxlviii, *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; Persian: Carnoy 339.

D2151.2.1. D2151.2.1. Direction of river‘s flow magically reversed. *Loomis White Magic 40; Irish myth: Cross; Korean: Zong in-Sob 70.

D2151.2.1.1. D2151.2.1.1. River with flow magically divided. (Part stands still, rest flows.) Africa (Wakweli): Bender 87.

D2151.2.2. D2151.2.2. Saint causes river to rise and overflow. *Loomis White Magic 95; Irish myth: *Cross.

D2151.2.3. D2151.2.3. Rivers magically made dry. (Cf. D2165.2.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2151.2.3.1. D2151.2.3.1. Evil spirit holds back water. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2151.2.4. D2151.2.4. Saint causes a river to freeze over in summer. *Loomis White Magic 41.

D2151.2.5. D2151.2.5. Stream magically appears. N. A. Indian (Klikitat): Jacobs U Wash II 31.

D2151.2.5.1. D2151.2.5.1. River appears at prayer of desert travelers. U.S.: Baughman.

D2151.2.6. D2151.2.6. River magically widened. S. A. Indian (Chiriguano): Mйtraux BBAE CXLIII (3) 484.

D2151.3. D2151.3. Magic control of waves. (Cf. D911.1, D2151.1.3.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2151.3.1. D2151.3.1. Magic tidal wave. Marquesas: Handy 65; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G 3/109); Eskimo (Greenland): Rasmussen III 300, (Bering Strait): Nelson RBAE XVIII 516; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 386.

D2151.3.2. D2151.3.2. Dashing waves do not touch saint. (Cf. D1388.) Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 875.

D2151.4. D2151.4. Magic calming of whirlpool. Irish: Plummer xxxi, *Cross; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 841.

D2151.5. D2151.5. Magic control of pond (tank).

D2151.5.1. D2151.5.1. Water raised from tank by singing. (Cf. D1781.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D2151.5.1.1. D2151.5.1.1. Water raised from tank by burying ring in it. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2151.5.2. D2151.5.2. Pond magically dried up. Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 13/499).

D2151.6. D2151.6. Magic control of wells (springs). (Cf. A941.5, D927, D1567, F933.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2151.6.1. D2151.6.1. Saint causes wells to fail. Irish myth: Cross; Tuamotu: Stimson MS (T-G 3/403); N. A. Indian (Klikitat): Jacobs U Wash II 31.

D2151.6.2. D2151.6.2. Man makes all waters of spring flow into a small brass pot. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2151.7. D2151.7. Magic control of lakes. (Cf. D921.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2151.7.1. D2151.7.1. Saint causes lake to dry up. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2151.8. D2151.8. Magic flood. (Cf. D1542.3, D1549.3.1.) Mangaia (Cook Islands): Beckwith Myth 103; Samoa: Clark 74; Marquesas: Handy 109.

D2152. D2152. Magic control of mountains. (Cf. D932.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2152.1. D2152.1. Magic leveling of mountain. Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 190; Irish myth: *Cross; Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 236; Africa (Bakuba): Einstein 160.

D2152.2. D2152.2. Magician able to cast mountains upon enemies. (Cf. D1711.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2152.3. D2152.3. Mountain magically blown away. Irish myth: Cross.

D2152.4. D2152.4. Magic heightening of mountain. Irish myth: Cross; N. A. Indian (Klikitat): Jacobs U Wash II 31.

D2152.5. D2152.5. Mountain moved by saint. *Loomis White Magic 92.

D2153. D2153. Magic control of rocks.

D2153.1. D2153.1. Rock in sea created by magic. Finnish: Kalevala rune 43; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2153.1.1. D2153.1.1. Island created by magic. Eskimo (Ungava): Turner RBAE XI 264.

D2156. D2156. Magic control over animals. (Cf. D2070.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2156.1. D2156.1. Magic power to make does give milk. (Cf. B188.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2156.2. D2156.2. Miraculous increasing of milk from one cow. (Cf. D1440.1, D2106.) *Loomis White Magic 86.

D2156.2.1. D2156.2.1. Cow supplies sufficient milk for the saint and all his disciples. *Loomis White Magic 62.

D2156.3. D2156.3. Saint forces a beast (leopard, wolf) to bring back stolen child (domestic animal) to his mother (owner). *Loomis White Magic 50f.

D2156.4. D2156.4. Wild boar reprimanded about its maraudings by saint. The command is obeyed. *Loomis White Magic 62.

D2156.5. D2156.5. Vicious snakes easily controlled by saint. *Loomis White Magic 63f.; *Krappe Traditio V (1947) 323--330.

D2156.5.1. D2156.5.1. Saint orders a serpent which had bitten a man to withdraw its venom. *Loomis White Magic 63.

D2156.5.2. D2156.5.2. Snakes expelled from human body by saint’s intervention. *Loomis White Magic 64.

D2156.6. D2156.6. Saint destroys disastrous insects. *Loomis White Magic 66.

D2156.7. D2156.7. Saint orders the cicadas to sing the praises of God or be silent, because they disturb his preaching. *Loomis White Magic 66.

D2156.8. D2156.8. Wolf is forced by saint to be substitute for eaten calf. *Loomis White Magic 59.

D2156.9. D2156.9. Saint causes cuckoo to call in winter. *Loomis White Magic 43; Irish myth: Cross.

D2156.10. D2156.10. Horses (oxen) from sea put temporarily into man‘s service. *Loomis White Magic 64.

D2156.11. D2156.11. Saint kills lion with his slipper. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2157. D2157. Magic control of soil and crops.

D2157.1. D2157.1. Land made magically fertile. (Cf. D1563, D2081, F349.4, F733.) Dickson 122 nn. 69, 70; *Hdwb. d. Abergl. III 145; Loomis White Magic 82; Irish myth: *Cross; Spanish: Boggs FFC XC 85 No. 750B; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2157.1.1. D2157.1.1. Saint scratches surface of earth with his spear and treasures of gold and silver are revealed. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2157.2. D2157.2. Magic quick growth of crops. Dh I II 61ff.; Irish: Cross, O‘Suilleabhain 15, 18, Beal XXI 305f.; Icelandic: *Boberg; England, Scotland: Baughman; Lithuanian: Balys Legends Nos. 200ff.; India: Thompson-Balys; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 120.

D2157.2.0.1. D2157.2.0.1. Rice grows in single day. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2157.2.1. D2157.2.1. Magic quick growth of saint’s crops. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2157.2.2. D2157.2.2. Saint causes wheat to ripen prematurely in the time of a famine. *Loomis White Magic 95.

D2157.3. D2157.3. Withered and dead trees suddenly blossom at saint‘s command. *Loomis White Magic 94.

D2157.3.1. D2157.3.1. Apple trees bear as result of saint’s blessing. (Cf. D950, D981.1, F971.4.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2157.3.2. D2157.3.2. Tree regains life and verdure after treasure it hides in its roots is given away. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2157.4. D2157.4. Miraculous speedy growth of a tree. *Loomis White Magic 95.

D2157.5. D2157.5. Poor soil transformed into lovely garden overnight. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2157.6. D2157.6. Field cultivated and sowed by magic. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2158. D2158. Magic control of fires. (Cf. D1271.) Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman.

D2158.1. D2158.1. Magic kindling of fire. (Cf. D1566.1.) Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D2158.1.1. D2158.1.1. Fox produces fire by striking tail to ground. Chinese: Werner 370.

D2158.1.2. D2158.1.2. Saint sets fire to stone. Irish myth: Cross.

D2158.1.3. D2158.1.3. Fire obeys the saints. *Loomis White Magic 30f.

D2158.1.3.1. D2158.1.3.1. Control of conflagrations by a saint personally or by his relics. *Loomis White Magic 30.

D2158.1.3.2. D2158.1.3.2. Fire turns aside and refuses to catch hold of holy garments, wooden altars and similar sacred things. *Loomis White Magic 31.

D2158.1.4. D2158.1.4. Magician opens his eyes and forest burns for twenty-four miles in front of him. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2158.1.5. D2158.1.5. Saint creates fire unnaturally when needed. *Loomis White Magic 35.

D2158.1.5.1. D2158.1.5.1. Saint kindles her lamp or candle without using fire. *Loomis White Magic 32.

D2158.1.5.2. D2158.1.5.2. Cooking and baking done without fire. *Loomis White Magic 35.

D2158.2. D2158.2. Magic extinguishing of fires. (Cf. D1656, Q492.) Kцhler-Bolte I 417; *Oertel Studien zur vgl. Littgsch. VIII 113; Irish: Plummer cxxxviii, *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 816; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 176.

D2161. D2161. Magic healing power. *Type 712; *Kittredge Witchcraft 30, 385 n. 64; *Fb “sygdom” III 699b; *Weinrich Antike Heilungswunder (Giessen, 1909); Wesselski Mцnchslatein 136 No. 116; Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 118; Eskimo (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 170, 193, 240, 248, (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 43, 82, (Greenland): Rink 279, 327, 370, 431, 440, 459, 467, Rasmussen III 172, 190, 209.

D2161.1. D2161.1. Magic cure for specific diseases. (Cf. D2161.5.2.5, D2161.5.2.6.)

D2161.1.1. D2161.1.1. Magic cure of leprosy. (Cf. D1502.4.) Irish: Plummer lxxx, *Cross.

D2161.1.2. D2161.1.2. Magic cure for fever. (Cf. D1502.3.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 31, 385 n. 65; Irish myth: *Cross.

D2161.1.3. D2161.1.3. Woman’s labor pains magically eased. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera I 23.

D2161.2. D2161.2. Magic cure of wound. (Cf. D1503.) Finnish: Kalevala rune 9; English: Wells 80 (Sir Tristrem); Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1224; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 113, 440.

D2161.2.1. D2161.2.1. Steaks cut from live cow who heals herself by magic. Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 294 No. 7.

D2161.2.2. D2161.2.2. Flow of blood magically stopped. (Cf. D1504.) Finnish: Kalevala rune 8.

D2161.2.3. D2161.2.3. Magic cure of burns. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2161.3. D2161.3. Magic cure of physical defect.

D2161.3.1. D2161.3.1. Blindness magically cured. (Cf. D1505.) Fb “blind” IV 45b; Irish myth: *Cross; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Italian Novella: Rotunda; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys; Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 1153, 1234.

D2161.3.1.1. D2161.3.1.1. Eyes torn out magically replaced. Irish: Thompson-Balys.

D2161.3.2. D2161.3.2. Magic restoration of severed hand. Krappe Zeitschrift fьr Englische Philologie XLIX 361--369; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Lagerholm 66--68, Boberg; Spanish Exempla: Keller; French Canadian: Sister Marie Ursule, Nouvelles de Sens No. 12; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2161.3.3. D2161.3.3. Magic cure of broken limbs. Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 43.

D2161.3.3.1. D2161.3.3.1. Witch burns her child‘s legs for wood, then covers child with sheet and child is whole. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2161.3.4. D2161.3.4. Baldness magically cured.

D2161.3.4.1. D2161.3.4.1. Feathered skin magically grafted to bald head. Irish myth: Cross.

D2161.3.5. D2161.3.5. Deafness magically cured. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2161.3.6. D2161.3.6. Dumbness magically cured. (Cf. D2020.) Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D2161.3.6.1. D2161.3.6.1. Magic restoration of cut-out tongue. Irish myth: Cross.

D2161.3.7. D2161.3.7. Lameness magically cured. Irish myth: Cross.

D2161.3.7.1. D2161.3.7.1. Lame animal magically cured. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2161.3.8. D2161.3.8. Insanity magically cured. (Cf. D2065.) Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D2161.3.8.1. D2161.3.8.1. Remedy for epilepsy. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2161.3.9. D2161.3.9. Bad breath magically cured. Irish myth: Cross.

D2161.3.10. D2161.3.10. Sterility magically cured. Jewish: Neuman.

D2161.3.11. D2161.3.11. Barrenness magically cured. (Cf. D1347.2, D1501.1, D1925.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D2161.4. D2161.4. Methods of magic cure.

D2161.4.0.1. D2161.4.0.1. Cure after following instructions received from saint in dream. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2161.4.1. D2161.4.1. Cure by transferring disease to animal. (Cf. D1500.3.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 94, 424f. nn. 137--145; England, U.S.: *Baughman; Irish myth: *Cross.

D2161.4.2. D2161.4.2. Disease transferred to object.

D2161.4.2.1. D2161.4.2.1. Ghost transfers boil to a post. Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 7.

D2161.4.2.2. D2161.4.2.2. Saint transfers disease to his bell (bachall). (Cf. D1500.3.2. D2161.5.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2161.4.2.3. D2161.4.2.3. Saint transfers thorn in foot to rock. Irish myth: Cross.

D2161.4.2.4. D2161.4.2.4. Disease transferred to tree. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2161.4.3. D2161.4.3. Cure by passing through earth at crossroads. Kittredge Witchcraft 31, 386 n. 66.

D2161.4.4. D2161.4.4. Person cured by repairing image that has same deformity. *Kittredge Witchcraft 74, 414 n. 13.

D2161.4.5. D2161.4.5. Cure by passing patient through cleft of tree (other loop). (Cf. F950.3.) *Kittredge Witchcraft 148, 467 n. 92; *Oertel Studien zur vgl. Littgsch. VIII 115; Hdwb. d. Abergl. II 477 s.v. “durchkriechen”; A. F. Schmidt Hultrжer i Danmark (Danske Studier 1932, 33ff.); Kr. Nyrop Kludetrжet (Dania I (1890), 1ff. and 309); Irish myth: Cross; England, U.S.: *Baughman.

D2161.4.6. D2161.4.6. Animal buried alive to cure disease. Kittredge Witchcraft 95ff., 424f. nn. 146--154; *Fb “levende” II 403b--404; Feilberg Levende begravet (Aarbog for dansk kulturhistorie 1892).

D2161.4.7. D2161.4.7. Animal burned to cure disease. Especially for disease among animals. Kittredge Witchcraft 95ff., 426f. nn. 155--169.

D2161.4.8. D2161.4.8. Cure by burning grain where man has died. (Cf. D1787.) Or where he is buried. Kittredge Witchcraft 31, 386 n. 68.

D2161.4.9. D2161.4.9. Baptism as magic cure. (Cf. V81.) Kittredge Witchcraft 145, 464 n. 61; England: Baughman.

D2161.4.9.1. D2161.4.9.1. Other religious ceremony as magic cure. Sign of cross, prayer, etc. Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D2161.4.10. D2161.4.10. Disease cured by same thing (person) that caused it. **Wesselski Erlesenes 13ff.

D2161. D2161. Only one person possesses power to heal certain wound. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2161.4.10.1. D2161.4.10.1. Wound healed by same spear that caused it. Greek: Fox 125.

D2161.4.10.2. D2161.4.10.2. Wound healed only by person who gave it. (Or by member of his family.) (Cf. D2161.2.) *Schoepperle Tristan and Isolt 375ff.; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg.

D2161. D2161. Fairy wounded by mortal is healed only by obtaining mortal‘s blessing. (Cf. D659.5.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2161. D2161. Snake sucks poison from snake bite. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2161.4.10.3. D2161.4.10.3. Healing with hair of dog that bit one. **Wesselski Erlesenes 13ff.

D2161.4.10.4. D2161.4.10.4. Sorrowing father magically restored as lost son approaches. He had lost strength, sight and hearing when son left home. Scotland: Campbell-McKay No. 25.

D2161.4.10.5. D2161.4.10.5. Blindness cured by killing snake that caused it. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2161.4.11. D2161.4.11. Cure by putting children on roof (in oven). *Kittredge Witchcraft 31, 385 n. 65.

D2161.4.12. D2161.4.12. Magic cure during sleep. *Kittredge Witchcraft 221f., 529 n. 83--88.

D2161.4.13. D2161.4.13. Eating of human hearts as cure for insomnia. Chauvin VI 61 No. 229.

D2161.4.14. D2161.4.14. Magic cure by bathing. (Cf. D1788.) Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2161.4.14.1. D2161.4.14.1. Magic cure by bathing in milk. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2161. D2161. Wounds from poisoned arrows healed by bath of milk. Irish myth: Cross.

D2161.4.14.2. D2161.4.14.2. Magic cure by bathing in consecrated water (lake, etc.). (Cf. D1500.1.18.5, V132.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2161.4.14.3. D2161.4.14.3. Cure by washing in dew. U.S.: Baughman.

D2161.4.15. D2161.4.15. Magic cure by lying on saint’s shadow. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2161.4.16. D2161.4.16. Magic cure by touching. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2161.4.16.1. D2161.4.16.1. Magic healing by passing hand over affected parts. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2161.4.17. D2161.4.17. Magic cure by licking. (Cf. D1775.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D2161.4.18. D2161.4.18. Cure by putting lock of patient‘s hair in hole of post or tree, then plugging hole with wood. U.S.: *Baughman.

D2161.4.19. D2161.4.19. Methods of magic cure--miscellaneous.

D2161.4.19.1. D2161.4.19.1. Barber begins to recover after he reveals raja’s secret. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2161.5. D2161.5. Magic cure by certain person.

D2161.5.1. D2161.5.1. Cure by holy man. *Kittredge Witchcraft 124ff., 449f. nn. 1--33 passim; *Toldo I 331; Irish myth: *Cross; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: Neuman.

D2161.5.2. D2161.5.2. Cure by Virgin Mary. (Cf. V256.) *Ward Catalogue of Romances II 609 No. 23, 617 No. 38, 619 No. 22, 630 No. 23, 649 No. 47.

D2161.5.2.1. D2161.5.2.1. Cure at shrine of Virgin Mary. Ward II 648 No. 40 and passim; *Crane Miraculis 89 No. 17.

D2161.5.2.2. D2161.5.2.2. Cure by relic of Virgin Mary. Type 754*; Ward II 644 No. 3, 645 Nos. 6, 8.

D2161.5.2.3. D2161.5.2.3. Cure by milk of Virgin Mary. Ward II 613 No. 32; *Crane Miraculis 95 No. 30; English: Wells 167 (Vernon Miracles).

D2161.5.2.4. D2161.5.2.4. Severed limbs replaced by Virgin Mary. (Cf. D2161.3.) *Crane Miraculis 89 No. 18; Wells 167 (Vernon Miracles), 169 (The Clerk who would see the Virgin); Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D2161.5.2.5. D2161.5.2.5. Cure of spider bite by the Virgin Mary. Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D2161.5.2.6. D2161.5.2.6. Terrible headaches cured by Virgin Mary. Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D2161.5.3. D2161.5.3. Cure by deity. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2161.5.4. D2161.5.4. Cure by Moses. Irish myth: Cross.

D2161.5.5. D2161.5.5. Cure by angel. (Cf. V232.) Irish myth: Cross; Jewish: Neuman.

D2161.5.6. D2161.5.6. Cure by surviving twin. England: Baughman.

D2161.5.7. D2161.5.7. Cure by seventh son of seventh daughter. England: Baughman.

D2161.6. D2161.6. Diseases cured at particular time.

D2161.6.1. D2161.6.1. All diseases healed at birth of Christ. (Cf. V211.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2161.6.2. D2161.6.2. Diseases cured in Messeanic era. (Cf. A1095.) Jewish: Neuman.

D2161.6.3. D2161.6.3. Diseases cured at holy man’s birth. Jewish: Neuman.

D2162. D2162. Magic control of disease. (Cf. D1500.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2162.1. D2162.1. Saint ends epidemic by fasting. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2162.2. D2162.2. Epidemic stops at river (sea) at saint‘s command. (Cf. D1735.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2162.3. D2162.3. Locality sanctified against pestilence (by angel) as result of prayer and fasting. (Cf. D1586.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2162.4. D2162.4. People living on mountain dedicated to angel free from plague. *Loomis White Magic 106.

D2163. D2163. Magic defense in battle. (Cf. K2350.) Tawney I 362, 367n., Jewish: Neuman.

D2163.1. D2163.1. Broken weapons magically restored. (Cf. D1080, F1098, H1023.8.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2163.2. D2163.2. Magic reinforcements. Hero’s followers magically multiplied or whole new army conjured up. Icelandic: Boberg; Finnish: Kalevala rune 27; Maori: Dixon 61.

D2163.2.1. D2163.2.1. Heavenly help in battle. *Loomis White Magic 122.

D2163.3. D2163.3. Virgin Mary intercepts an arrow in battle. (Cf. V250.) *Ward II 625 No. 3.

D2163.4. D2163.4. Magic mist as defense in battle. (Cf. D902.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2163.5. D2163.5. Saint‘s prayer wins battle. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2163.5.1. D2163.5.1. Saint’s prayer brings large flight of birds carrying stones in talons. These missiles dropped upon enemies cause terror. *Loomis White Magic 123.

D2163.5.2. D2163.5.2. Saint changes vicious king‘s heart to peaceful thoughts. *Loomis White Magic 123.

D2163.5.2.1. D2163.5.2.1. Letter read by holy man stops emperor from devastating country. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2163.6. D2163.6. Obstructions magically produced before enemy. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2163.6.1. D2163.6.1. Saint causes great forest to spring up between opposing forces. *Loomis White Magic 123.

D2163.6.2. D2163.6.2. Saint causes wall of cakes to spring up between opposing armies. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2163.7. D2163.7. Enemy’s army deceived by illusion produced by saint. *Loomis White Magic 122.

D2163.8. D2163.8. Saint‘s blessing brings victory. *Loomis White Magic 123.

D2163.9. D2163.9. Saint protects followers against bullets by stretching sheet over their heads. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2165. D2165. Escapes by magic. (Cf. D1395.) English: Wells 43 (Arthour and Merlin); Irish: Plummer cxxxix, *Cross; Icelandic: Юorsteins saga Vikingssona 400, Boberg; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2165.1. D2165.1. Escape by flying through the air. (Cf. D2135.0.1, R324.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2165.2. D2165.2. Escape from drowning by drying up all waters. (Cf. D2151.2.3.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2165.3. D2165.3. Magic used to prevent pursuit. Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 82.

D2165.4. D2165.4. Opening in house made by magic so as to escape. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 101.

D2166. D2166. Magic help from falling. Hottentot: Bleek 78.

D2167. D2167. Corpse magically saved from corruption. (Cf. V52.14.) Tawney II 540; Saintyves De l’incorruption des corps saints (Bull. et. Mem. de la Soc. d‘Anthrop. des Paris, 7th ser. IV [1923] 84--100).--Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Breton: Sйbillot Incidents s.v. “cadavre”; Spanish Exempla: Keller; Jewish: *Neuman; Easter Island: Mйtraux Ethnology 311.

D2167.1. D2167.1. Food magically saved from corruption. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2167.2. D2167.2. Book magically saved from decay. Irish myth: Cross.

D2167.3. D2167.3. Flowers magically kept from withering. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 501.

D2168. D2168. Magic used against poison. (Cf. D1515.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2168.1. D2168.1. Poison magically separated from drink. Irish myth: Cross.

D2171. D2171. Magic adhesion. (Cf. D1413.) *Type 593; Fb “holde” IV 219b; Welsh: MacCulloch Celtic 102; Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: *Boberg; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2171.1. D2171.1. Object magically attaches itself to a person. Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys; Japanese: Ikeda; Africa (Ekoi): Talbot 394, (Gold Coast): Barker and Sinclair 66 No. 9.

D2171.1.1. D2171.1.1. Seat (chair) caused to stick to person. (Cf. D1413.6.) Icelandic: Boberg; England, U.S.: *Baughman.

D2171.1.2. D2171.1.2. Tankard caused to stick to person‘s lips. Wales: Baughman.

D2171.1.3. D2171.1.3. Person magically sticks to floor (ground). Irish myth: Cross (D2171.7); Jewish: *Neuman; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 325, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 237.

D2171.2. D2171.2. Magic adhesion to monster (witch, ogre, etc.). (Old Man of the Sea, Burr-Woman). *Basset 1001 Contes I 190f; Estonian: Aarne FFC XXV 126 No. 58; Livonian: Loorits FFC LXVI 42 No. 30; N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 330 n. 191e.

D2171.3. D2171.3. Magic adhesion to animal. (Cf. F155.) *Fb “holde” IV 219b; Irish myth: Cross.

D2171.3.1. D2171.3.1. Magic adhesion to goose. *Type 571.

D2171.3.2. D2171.3.2. Magic adhesion to swan. Fb “holde ved” I 639.

D2171.3.3. D2171.3.3. Magic adhesion to turtle. N. A. Indian: *Thompson Tales 330 n. 191e.

D2171.3.4. D2171.3.4. Magic adhesion to hose. Cheremis: Sebeok-Nyerges; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2171.4. D2171.4. Objects magically stick together. (Cf. D1413.)

D2171.4.1. D2171.4.1. Pitcher magically sticks to ground. Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 168 No. 24.

D2171.4.2. D2171.4.2. Cauldron magically sticks to wall. Irish myth: Cross.

D2171.4.3. D2171.4.3. Witch causes towel to adhere to wall. U.S.: Baughman.

D2171.5. D2171.5. Persons magically stick together. (Cf. D1171.2, D1413.14.) India: Thompson-Balys.

D2171.6. D2171.6. Clothes cling supernaturally to body. *Loomis White Magic 56.

D2171.7. D2171.7. Man‘s feet fixed to pavement so that he cannot move until he makes vow. *Loomis White Magic 56, Irish myth: Cross.

D2171.8. D2171.8. Witch causes milk to stay in overturned pail. U.S.: Baughman.

D2172. D2172. Continuing magic acts.

D2172.1. D2172.1. Magic repetition. Person must keep on doing or saying thing until released. Type 593; Lang Eng. Fairy Tales 74; Lithuanian: Balys Historical.

D2172.2. D2172.2. Magic gift: power to continue all day what one starts. One woman measures linen; another throws water on pig. BP II 215, 438; *Hdwb. d. Mдrch. s.v. “Erste” nn. 112--149; Irish: Beal XXI 306; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 750A@1*.

D2173. D2173. Magic singing. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2174. D2174. Magic dancing. Enchanted persons dance till released. Type 306; BP III 78; *Bolte Zs. f. Vksk. XIX 309 n. 1; England, Wales, U.S.: *Baughman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2175. D2175. Cursing by magic. Icelandic: MacCulloch Eddic 299, 268, 111; Jewish: Neuman; Irish myth: Cross.

D2175.1. D2175.1. Cursing by means of a well. (Cf. D926, D1766.2.1, D1792.2, V134.) Kittredge Witchcraft 34, 394 n. 113.

D2175.2. D2175.2. Saint’s bachall used in cursing. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2175.3. D2175.3. Magic satire (magic song) as curse. Irish myth: Cross.

D2175.4. D2175.4. Saint‘s bell used in cursing. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2175.5. D2175.5. Curse magically changed to blessing. Jewish: Neuman.

D2176. D2176. Exorcising by magic. Irish myth: *Cross; Jewish: Neuman; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2176.0.1. D2176.0.1. Saint sanctifies locality against death. Irish myth: Cross.

D2176.1. D2176.1. Snakes banned by magic. Irish: Plummer clxx, *Cross, O’Suilleabhain 66; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 310 No. 33.

D2176.2. D2176.2. Lice banned by magic. Irish: Plummer clxx, Cross.

D2176.3. D2176.3. Evil spirit exorcised. Jewish: *Neuman.

D2176.3.1. D2176.3.1. Evil spirit exorcised by burning fish. *S. Prato La Tradition III No. 2 (1889) (Tobit); Jewish: *bin Gorion Born Judas@2 II 360f.

D2176.3.1.1. D2176.3.1.1. Evil spirit exorcised by burning medicine. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2176.3.2. D2176.3.2. Evil spirit exorcised by religious ceremony. (Cf. V10ff.) Holy name, sign of cross, prayer, etc. Fb “Jesus” II 41; Irish: Beal XXI 325; Italian Novella: Rotunda; *Chauvin VIII 41 No. 8AB; India: Thompson-Balys, Penzer III 37; Korean: Zong in-Sob 60, 128.

D2176.3.3. D2176.3.3. Evil spirit exorcised by saint. Irish myth: *Cross; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2176. D2176. Evil spirits exorcised by death of saint. Irish myth: Cross.

D2176.3.3.1. D2176.3.3.1. Demons in stone images driven out by holy man (saint). Irish myth: *Cross.

D2176.3.3.2. D2176.3.3.2. Saint purifies spring by driving out demon. *Loomis White Magic 76.

D2176.3.3.3. D2176.3.3.3. Saint throws ink bottle at devil who annoys him. *Loomis White Magic 76.

D2176.3.3.4. D2176.3.3.4. Saint‘s breath drives away the devil. *Loomis White Magic 46.

D2176.3.4. D2176.3.4. Devil cast out of man possessed. Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3368; Legends Nos. 702--710.

D2176.4. D2176.4. Magic book conjured away by throwing it on stream. *Fb “Cyprianus” I 166b.

D2176.5. D2176.5. Burning cut hair to prevent witchcraft. *Fb “hеr” I 771a; Spanish Exempla: Keller.

D2176.6. D2176.6. Exorcising invisible man by flailing air with peach branch. Chinese: Graham.

D2177. D2177. Imprisoning by magic. (Cf. R40.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2177.1. D2177.1. Demon enclosed in bottle. *Type 331; *Goebel Jьdische Motive im mдrchenhaften Erzдhlungsgut (Gleiwitz, 1932) 52ff.; Swiss: Jegerlehner Oberwallis 311 No. 39, 314 No. 105, 320 No. 34; Jewish: Neuman; Chinese: Graham; Philippine: Fansler MAFLS XII 439.

D2177.1.1. D2177.1.1. Demons imprisoned by magic. Nouvelles Recreations 13.

D2177.2. D2177.2. Demon imprisoned in pomegranate. Africa (Swahili): Stigand 122ff. No. 19.

D2177.3. D2177.3. Evil spirits imprisoned in stone. Irish myth: Cross.

D2177.4. D2177.4. Evil spirits kept out by stone wall. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2178. D2178. Objects produced by magic. Irish myth: *Cross: Missouri French: Carriиre.

D2178.1. D2178.1. City built by magic. Penzer VII 73f.; India: Thompson-Balys.

D2178.2. D2178.2. Cattle produced by magic. Africa (Kaffir): Theal 77.

D2178.3. D2178.3. Pavilions produced by magic. Penzer VIII 92.

D2178.4. D2178.4. Animals created by magic. India: Thompson-Balys; Eskimo (Mackenzie Area): Jenness 42.

D2178.4.1. D2178.4.1. Magic production of rabbits. N. A. Indian (Calif.): Gayton and Newman 82.

D2178.4.2. D2178.4.2. Noxious animals produced by magic. Jewish: Neuman.

D2178.5. D2178.5. People created by magic. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2178.6. D2178.6. Ceremonial presents produced by magic. Chinese: Graham.

D2178.7. D2178.7. Whatever goldsmith proposes to make comes into existence by itself in the forge. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2178.8. D2178.8. Tree produced by magic. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 347.

D2178.9. D2178.9. Flower produced by magic. Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 135f.

D2182. D2182. Flow of cow’s milk increased by licking saint‘s garment. (Cf. D1052, D1652.3.) Irish: Plummer clxxxi, Cross.

D2182.1. D2182.1. Flow of cow’s milk increased by saint. Irish myth: *Cross.

D2182.2. D2182.2. Flow of cow‘s milk increased by song (music). (Cf. D1275.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2183. D2183. Magic spinning. Usually performed by a supernatural helper. *Types 500, 501; *von Sydow Tvе spinnsagor.

D2184. D2184. People magically continue hurting themselves. Try to drive ox but drive themselves; to stab it but stab themselves; etc. Africa (Basuto): Jacottet 76 No. 12.

D2184.1. D2184.1. People magically made to strike selves blows aimed at another. Irish myth: Cross.

D2185. D2185. Magician carries woman in glass coffin. She comes out at his will. Icelandic: *Boberg; *Chauvin V 190 No. 11.

D2185.1. D2185.1. Fairy personage (god?) houses mistress in crystal bower. (Cf. F165.3.5.1.) Irish myth: Cross.

D2186. D2186. Cat in wood-pile prevents axe from cutting. *Type 1001.

D2188. D2188. Magic disappearance. (Cf. D1641.) Buddhist myth: Malalasekera II 484; Eskimo (Greenland): Rink 457, Rasmussen III 264, (Kodiak): Golder JAFL XVI 25, (Cumberland Sound): Boas BAM XV 257.

D2188.1. D2188.1. Ability to disappear or appear at will. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2188.1.1. D2188.1.1. Garment appears and disappears in reply to command. Spence 76.

D2188.2. D2188.2. Person vanishes. Jewish: Neuman; Philippine (Tinguian): Cole 48, 54, Tuamotu: Stimson MS (z-G. 3/1241).

D2188.2.1. D2188.2.1. Man disappears, leaving only his ring. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2188.3. D2188.3. Village vanishes. Chinese: Eberhard FFC CXX 157.

D2191. D2191. Roast ducks fly (by magic). Fb “and” IV 12b.

D2192. D2192. Work of day magically overthrown at night. *Fb “kirke” II 125 a; Wells 42 (Arthour and Merlin); Irish myth: *Cross; Icelandic: Boberg; Lithuanian: Balys Index No. 3602; India: Thompson-Balys; Chinese: Graham; Hawaii: Beckwith Myth 465; Ellice Island: ibid. 270; Marquesas: ibid. 269; Tuamotu: ibid. 267; Tahiti: ibid. 266; Maori: ibid. 265; Africa (Duala): Lederbogen Fables 59.

D2192.1. D2192.1. Supernatural agency moves new church foundation (or building materials) to another site, at night. England, Scotland: *Baughman.

D2193. D2193. Flowers drop on washing hands. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D2194. D2194. Dung drops on washing hands. Italian Novella: Rotunda.

D2195. D2195. Blighted garden magically restored to beauty. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2195.1. D2195.1. Flower blooms when touched. India: Thompson-Balys.

D2196. D2196. Saint causes fiery sword to come between hostile king and queen. Irish myth: Cross.

D2197. D2197. Magic dominance over animals. (Cf. D1440, D2074.1.) Jewish: Neuman.

D2198. D2198. Magic control of spirits (angels). Jewish: *Neuman.

D2199. D2199. Additional magic manifestations.

D2199.1. D2199.1. Bottomless tub (vat) holds water through power of saint. (Cf. H1023.2.1.) Irish myth: *Cross.

D2199.2. D2199.2. Tools sharpened through power of saint. Slaves forced to hew down yew tree with dull tools: hands bleed. (Cf. H1110, P170.) Irish myth: Cross.